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f.L1iFig..i99,lr!MT,y.f3UBL|c  LIBRARY 

3  1833  01749  0498 


Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 
in  2013 

Vol.  XII  MARCH,  1917  No.  1 











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The  volume  is  now  ready  for  distribution  and  is  a  continuation  of 
the  Proceedings  of  the  General  Assembly.  It  includes  the  sessions 
held  from  July,  1726,  to  August,  1729,  and  is  edited  by  Bernard  C. 
Steiner,  Ph.  D.  An  interesting  feature  of  the  volume  is  the  appen- 
dix of  about  100  pages,  containing  the  text  of  statutes  previously 
unpublished  in  the  Archives,  enacted  from  1714  to  1726,  and  printed 
originally  in  two  early  compilations  of  Maryland  Statutes  which  had 
not  been  drawn  upon  by  previous  editors. 

During  the  period  of  the  three  sessions  indicated  in  this  volume, 
Benedict  Leonard  Calvert,  a  younger  brother  of  Charles,  fifth  Lord 
Baltimore,  was  Governor  of  the  Province.  He  was  a  genial,  studious 
high-minded  man  of  upright  life  and  warm  friendships.  He  was  fond 
of  antiquities,  and  was  a  friend  of  Thomas  Hearne,  the  antiquary, 
in  spite  of  the  fact  that  the  latter  was  twenty  years  his  senior. 
Governor  Calvert  was  the  only  literary  man  and  scholar  in  the  whole 
Calvert  pedigree.  He  had  made  the  grand  tour  of  the  continent  of 
Europe  before  coming  to  America  and  served  as  Governor  of  Mary- 
land from  July,  1727,  to  September,  1731.  He  fell  ill  of  consumption 
and  died  a  few  months  after  the  close  of  his  Governorship.  The 
Proceedings  of  the  Assembly  do  not  show  the  encouragement  to  liter- 
ature which  Governor  Calvert  gave,  but  they  abound  in  references  to 
the  controversy  over  the  oath  of  Justices  and  the  extension  of  English 
Statute  Laws  to  the  Province.  The  perennial  struggle  over  the  regu- 
lation of  officers'  fees  was  at  an  acute  stage.  Tobacco,  the  great 
staple  of  the  Province  was  in  a  depressed  condition  and  earnest 
efforts  were  made  to  improve  this.  The  Session  of  1728  provided 
new  County  seats  for  Calvert  and  St.  Mary's  Counties  and  gave  them 
their  present  names,  Prince  Fredericktown  and  Leonardtown.  The 
Session  of  1729  placed  the  County  seat  of  Charles  County  at  Port 
Tobacco,  and  incorporated  Baltimoretown  on  the  North  side  of  the 
Patapsco  River.  The  vice  of  local  legislation  had  already  begun  and 
an  Act  is  passed  for  the  destruction  of  bears  in  Somerset  County. 
"  Languishing  debtors "  who  are  to  be  set  free,  Naturalization  of 
foreigners,  correction  of  defects  in  the  testamentary  laws,  prevention 
of  the  importation  of  convict  felons,  the  formation  of  new  parishes; 
such  are  some  of  the  topics  which  occupied  the  attention  of  the 
Legislature  at  this  period. 

The  attention  of  members  of  the  Society  who  do  not  now  receive  the 
Archives  is  called  to  the  liberal  provision  made  by  the  Legislature, 
which  permits  the  Society  to  furnish  to  its  own  members  copies  of 
the  volumes,  as  they  are  published  from  year  to  year,  at  the  mere 
cost  of  paper,  press  work  and  binding.  This  cost  is  at  present  fixed 
at  one  dollar,  at  which  price  members  of  the  Society  may  obtain  one 
copy  of  each  volume  published  during  the  period  of  their  membership. 
For  additional  copies,  and  for  volumes  published  before  they  became 
members,  the  regular  price  of  three  dollars  is  charged. 









Corresponding  Secretary, 


Recording    Secretary, 





The  Genebal  Officess 






GEORGE  PEABODY, Gift,     .     . 

J.  HENRY  STICKNEY, Bequest    . 

ISAAC    F.    NICHOLSON,      ....     Gift,     .     . 

MENDES    COHEN, Bequest, 





Gift  of  the  H.  Irvine  Keyser  Memorial  Building. 


"Z  give  and  bequeath  to  The  Maryland  Historical  Society  the 
sum  of dollars." 



List  of  Taxables  in  Baltimore  County,  Anno  169       -        -        -  1 

Journal  of  the  Committee  of  Observation  of  the  Middle  Dis- 
trict of  Frederick   County,   Maryland    (Continued),        -  10 

Extracts  from  the  Carroll  Papers    (Continued),        -        -        -  21 

Second   Regiment,   Maryland  Volunteer   Infantry,     -        -        -  41 

LeCompte  Family.     Francis  B.  Culver, 46 

Proceedings  of  the  Society, 59 

List  of  Members,       - 89 

Committee  on  Publications 

SAMUEL    K.    DENNIS,    Chairman. 





Vol.  XII. 

MAECH,  1917. 

No.  1. 

ANNO   1699. 

[From  the  original  manuscript  in  the  collections  of  the  Society,  "  A  Book 
for  recording  the  County  Taxables  an  Leaveys."] 

Spes  Utij  Hundred 

Capt.  John  Hall 
Mr.  Henry  Fielding 
Joshua  Fowler 
John  Garell 
John  Stanton 
Stansby  Gabion 

Two  Slaves 
Att  Spes  Utis  Creek 
Daniel  Johnson 
John  Trafie 
Daniel  Mockarly 
George  Smith  Seinior 
George  Smith  Junior 

and  his  Freeman 
Joshawa  Wood 

One  Slave 
Samuel  Browne 

Edward  Cantwell 
Edward  Weelldy 
Tho:  Fellps 

and  one  Slave 
Mr.  James  Phillips 
Ealph  Eves 
Thomas  Williams 
John  Robertson 
John  Jinkings 

and  three  Slaves 
Henry  Jackson 
Robt.  Jackson 
Deniss  Kineard 
William  Loney 
James  Osborne  Juinior 
Evan  Miles 
Tho:  Temple 
William  Prichett 



Peter  Boney 
William  Hollis 
John  Hall  Juinior 
Mr.  Mark  Richardson 

One  Servant  man 
John  Combest 
Edward  Painter 

One  Slave 
Mr.  Anthony  Drew 
John  Elliss 

Six  Slaves 
John  Parker  Sieniour 
John  Parker  Juiniour 
Clem  Parker 

One  Border 
Mr.  Roger  Mathes 
Henry  Hedge 
Mr.  Robert  Gibson 
Denniss  Mackarty 

foure  Slaves 
William  White 
James  Eugate 
Martin  Depost 
Thomas  Newsum 
Owen  Swillivant 
Mr.  Benjamin  Wells 
Edward  More 
Philip  Branockgun 

Three  Slaves 
Mrs.  Wells  Two  Slaves 
Samuel  Jackson 
James  Coseley 
Thomas  Bevins 
Thomas  Moress 
John  Jackson 
Joseph  Jackson 

Francis  Smith 
John  Elliss 

One  Slave 
Robert  Drisdall 
Thomas  Sprible 
Thomas  Cable 
James  Ives 
Tho:  Jackson 

One  Man  Servant 
John  Kimpble,  Sieniour 
John  Kimpble,  Juiniour 

Two  Men,  Servants 
John  Sheelds 

One  Man  Servant 
At  Ye  Widdow  Boothbys 
George  Morgan 
Henry  Smith 

One  Slave 
Emanuel  Ceeley 
John  Cooke 
Miles  Harriss 
Peter  Leasher 
Henry  Borne 
Ralph  Gillum 
Thomas  Bucknall 
William  Jephf 
Richard  Simpson 
Thomas  Gillbord  Sen 
Thomas  Gillbord  Jun. 
Thomas  Browne 

Two  Servants 
Garrett  Garrettson 

One  Servant 
John  Gould 

One  Servant 
William  Loft  an 


Richard  Perkins 
Thomas  Chapman 
Emanuel  Smith 
William  York 
John  Coterell 

Two  Servants 
At  the  Widdow  Arnolds 
John  Savory 
John  English 

One  Servant 

One  Slave 
John  Miles,  Sen: 
Humphrey  Jones 
Stephen  Freestand 
Nicholas  Waterman 
John  Miles,  Jun 
Charles  Ramsey 
Thomas  Coard 
Thomas  Greenfield 
Lawrence  Taylor 

Sum  Total  141 
Charles  Ramsey,  Constable. 

North  Side  of  Gunpowder 

Mr.  Thomas  Staly 
Henry  Wriothesley 
Oliver  York 
Enock  Spinks 
Ja:  Redhurst 
James  Durham 
Charles  Jones 
Henry  Mathas 
Martin  Taylor 
Abraham  Delap 
One  Slave 

At  Eliza :  Ebdens 
Charles  Symmons 
Robert  Couching 
Richard  Smithers 
Tho:  Burchell 
Nicholas  Harbert 
John  Rawlings 
Archabell  Rawlow 
Samuel  Standefer 
John  Standefer 
James  Gallion 
John  Gallion 
Charles  Addams 
Tho :  Hawlings 
Corneilious  Boice 
Richard  Tylard 
William  Robinson 
John  Debrula 
Tho:  Banks 
George  York 
Abraham  Taylor 
John  Armstrong 
Mark  Swifft 
James  Denniss 
J  ohn  Evings 
Josias  White 
William  Bruton 

One  Slave 
William  Hill 
Robert  Waters 
John  Boone 
John  Durham 
Samuel  Durham 
Daniel  Doney 
Mr.  James  Maxwell 
Jareamiah  Hacks 


William  Noble 
Charles  Underwood 
Turla  Kelley 
Thomas  Sheard 
John  Wattson 
William  Deason 
Lewis  Nowell 

Two  Slaves 
William  Lynnox 
Eichard  Lynnox 
Jareamiah  Downes 
James  Cordrey 
At  Rosamund  Pruits 
Charles  Swaine 
Robert  Owliss 
Symon  Pearson 
John  Wright 
John  Finch 
Isaral  Skeltons 
William  Robinson 
William  Heicks 
Robert  Shaw 
Charles   Hewit 
Mr.   Sam11  Sicklemore 
Thomas  Couching 
Richard  Thrifft 
Benjamin  Buck 
Mr.  Stephen  Johnson 
Peter  Norton 
Mitchell  Dawlingson 

Three  Slaves 
Mr.  Thomas  Preston,  Sr. 
Tho:  Preston,  Jun. 
John  Hopkins 
At  Dorithy  Grooms 

Richard  Isaac 
Mr.  Moses  Groome  Jun. 
John  Mackensey 
John  Sly 
John  Love 
Robert  West 
John  Fuller,  Senr. 
John  Fuller,  Junr. 
William  Pickett 
Michael  Judd 
At.  Deb.  Benjer 
James  Methuen 
Benjamin  Johnson 
John  Taylor 
Nicholas  Day 
Obediah  Prichet 
Philip  Hungerdale 
John  Webster 
Thomas  Thirston 
John  Elberton 
William  Howard 
Aquila  Paca 
William  Braysier 
John  Whitticur 
Edward  Braynan 
Robert  Love 
Daniel  Scott,  Junr. 
John    Couching 
Thomas  Noriss 
John  Elles 
Cornelious  Harrington 

Sum  Total  is  112 
Cornelious  Harrington, 



Middle  River  Hundred. 

Mr.  Edward  Felks 
Lawrence  folding 
Isaac  Denton 
Tho.  Philipson 
Edward  Jones 
William  Enock 
Bobert  Smith 
John  Anderson 
Benja.  Lego 
Rdchard  Fouler 
William  Denton 
George  Grover 
Edward  Ellett 
Fran:  Dolahide 
John  Hack 
George  Goodwind 
Giles  Stephens 
Oliver  Harrett 
John  Enloes 
William  Wright 
Abraham  Enloes 
Benjamin  Bennett 
Danill  Scott,  Sen. 
John  Pare 
Jarvis  Gilbard 
Tho:  How 
John  Chadwell 
Fran.  Whited 
Wilks  Chirn 
Richard  Olver 
James  Orell 
John  Williams 
Luke  Raven 
Daniel  Garquen 
George  Backer 

Michael  Ruthledge 
George  Hall 
Walter  Murro 
Tho:  Litton 
Laruence  Richardson 
John  Sears 
John  Rouse 
Tho:  Richardson 
John  Richardson 
Charles  Smith 
James  Duncoord 
John  Leget 
Walter  Bosley 
Benjamin  Smith 
Paul  Bullus 

The  Totall  Sume  is  53 
Walter  Bosley,  Constable. 

North  Side  of  Patapsco 

Mr.  James  Todd 
John  Harriman 
Philip  Grigs 

Three  Slaves 
Richard  Jefferys 
Henry  Cosdon 

Hanah,  a  slave 
John  Shaw 
Edward  Serdan 
Morgan  Wanson 

Three  Slaves 
Robert  Johnson 
Miles  Teple 
John  Rouse 
Jonas  Bowen 
Henry  Sheelds 


Edward  Medben 
James  Smith 
John  Garnor 
Samuel  Stevens 
Nicholas  Fittzsimons 
William  Fenton 
William  Hall 
Steven  Wells 

Two  Slaves 
Att  the  Widow  Bowen 
Benjamin  Bowen 
Arthur  Carnock 
Laurence  Woulden 
Nicholas  More 
John  Burgin 
Edward  Rutledge 
Thomas  Smith 
John  Waters 
Williams  Finns 
Henry  Jones 
Paule  Jervis 
John  Bajes 
William  Pervill 
Thomas  Cact 
Robert  Carvill 
Robert  Taylor 
Edward  Stivenson 
Jolep  Pericoy 
John  Landish 
Tobius  Stanborough 
Joseph  Lobb 
Thomas  Dade 
John  Ellidg 
William  Willkeson 
William  Wollison 

One:  Man  Servant 

One  Slave 

Robert  Lince 
John  Cook 
Danell  Bembrig 
Alexander  Lumly 
Jos'ha  Howard 
Daniel  Rushey 
John  Mackarty 
John  Thomas 
James  Herrington 
Thomas  Copias 
Robert  Green 
Thomas  Stone 
Samuell  Guine 
John  Guine 
John  Broad 
Robert  Stogdell 
Isacc   Jackson 
John  Scutt 
Denis  Crouley 
Hictor  Maxkchuen 
David  Coutt 
John  Cannon 
William  Joseule 

One  Slave 
Natha:  Stenchcom 
John  Bodis 
Cristifer  Garner 
I.  Edward  Wille 
Patrick  Murfey 
Robert  Parker,  Sen. 
Robert  Parker,  Juni, 
Martha  Hawkings 
Will:  Daunon 
Johnathan  Musay 
Will:  Lovdige 
Will:  Martain 
Thomas  Beetony 


Bray  Pecttle 
And  Two  Slaves 

John  Leacock 

Mr.  Larence  Yausten 

Samuel  Greeneff 

Joseph  Phillips 

Thomas  Wheeler 

Eichard  Sampson,  Sen. 

Richard  Sampson,  Jun. 

John  Goffa 

Will  Barker 

James  Isesom 

Robert  Sipes 

Richard  Hurton 

Tho:  Hammon 

Tho:  Williams 
Three  Slaves 

Jobe  Evings 

Samuel  Holy  day 
Three  Slaves 

Samuel  Willing 

Turla  Michael  Howen 

Edward  Dun 

John  Carrington 

Jacob  Hoocker 

George  Hollingsworth 

John  Hollingsworth 

Nicholas  Haile 

Moses  Edwards 

Richard  Miller 

Richard  Ammon 

Charles  Smith 

Edward  Coffenten 

Newlus  Coten 

John  Ensur 

Thomas  Hedge 

William  Love 
John  Cole 
David  Rust 
Huges  Jones 
John  Cumpus 
Charles  Gorsuch 
Nathaniel  Ruxton 
Michal  Young 

And  Two  Slaves 
John  Barrett 
Thomas  Tomal 
Nathaniel  Corbin 
Joseph  Goswich 
John  Gony 
Josias  Briges 
Thomas  Weeks 
Michall  Gorman 
Coll  John  Thomas 

Two  Slaves 
John  Willmott 

One  Slave 
Charles  Merryman 
Darby  Watterman 
William  Goaine 
John  Hilling 
John  Boreing 
William  Demett 
Philip  Wastinton 
John  Gibins 
John  Merryman 
John  Leser 
George  Hurnton 
Richard  Lisey 
William  Story 
John  Fran  Holland 
John  Egdston 



Henry  Basay 

One  Slave 
John  Coner 
Joseph  Wells 
Richard  Watkis 
Isacc  Samson 
John  Thornbourgh 
Jacob  Ponnitt 
Joseph  Peach 
Charles  Merryman,  Jr. 
Thomas  Long 
John  Gouge 

One  Slave 
John  Haies 
James  Crook 
Thomas  Bidison 
John  Dauley 
Larence  Andrews 

One  Slave 

One  Slave 
Henry  King 
Daniell  Swindell 
Selah  Dormon 
George  Hopum 
William  Farfor 
Thomas  Hancok 
Lance  Burton 
Robert  Garnor 
Alaxander  Garnor 
John  Robertson 
Steven  Bentley 
Cristifer  Shaw 
John  Leakings 
Cristifer  Bembridge 
Andrew  Anderson 

Richard  Louland 
Andrew  Hurd 
Anthony  Demdider 

Sum  totall  212 
Anthony  Demdider, 


On  the  South  Side  of 
Patapsco  Hundred. 

Mr.  Robart  Boston 

Three  Slaves 
Henry  Leviss 
Att  Ann:  Weelocks 
Henry  Waters 
Tho:  Arpe 
John  Reed 
Edward  Smith 
Benjamin  Smith 
Henry  Jones 
William  Wood 
William  Foreman 
Sam11  Grifin 
Martha  Bryan 
Danil  Winkford 
John  Davis 
William  Slade 
Josiah  Harison 
Edward  Tille 
Francis  Sing  Sing 
Henry  Hale 
Thomas  Cox 
Luke  Reed 
Ralph  Barron 
Abraham  Parker 
Jacob  Cobb 

One  Slave 


Thomas  Crooker 
William  Reader 

Three  Slaves 
Joseph  Toulson 
David  Elder 
Tho:  Bond 
William  Mackerty 
Humphrey  Tudor 
John  Lockett 
Petter  Bond 
Tho:  Morgan 
William  Felps 
William  Talpe 
Charles   Bayker 
Peter  Bond 
William  Coke 
Francis  Hall 
Daneil  Keney 
William  Rion 
William  Crumell 
Joseps  Cumfern 
Lorer  Bryan 
Cristipher  Banbell 
John  Gardiner 

Two  Slaves 
Richard  Crumell 
Cristifer  Durbin 
William  Brower 

Two  S  (laves) 
Richard  Underwood 
Jonas  Williams 
Henry  Wiott 
George  Ashman 

Att  his  house 
John  Christan 
Tho:  Evens 

Foure  Slaves 

Mr.  William  Britton 
Robert  Hopan 
Thomas  Martin 
James  Morrey 
JSTathanil  Brothers 
Tho:  Crumwell 
Symon  Thomson 
Christopher  Curdue 

Two  Slaves 
Thomass   Hoocker 
John  Briane 
Charles  Cronel 
George  Thope 
John  Martin 
Humphrey  Lobe 
Anthony  Johnson 

One  Servant 
William  Davis 
George  Mann 
George  Bay  ley 
At  Elinor  Harbords 

One  Tidable 
Daniell  Candell 
At  John  Dorseys 

Five  Slaves 
Richard  Shiple 

Three  Tiddables 
Richard  Keartlen 
John  Deburd 
Mr.  Edward  Dorsey 
Timothy  Connell 

Six  Servants 

Twelve  Slaves 
Tho:  Kingsmith 
Christopher  Cox 
William  Sough 
Steven  Wright 


William  Hawkins  The  Lists  in  Genarele  for 

Archable  Camell  the  year  1699  contains  the  full 

William  Hawkins  sume  of  647  Taxables. 

Totall  Sum  is  131 
William  Hawkins,  Constable. 




September  12,  1775— October  24,  1776. 

(Continued  from  Vol.  xi,  p.  321.) 

July  16,  1776.     The  Committee  met. 

Present;  Upton  Sheredine  Esqr  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  Wil- 
liam Luckett,  Junr,  Charles  Beatty,  B.  Johnson,  John  Adlum, 
Conrad  Grosh,  John  Haas,  Adam  Fisher,  Philip  Thomas, 
George  Murdoch,  Joseph  Wood,  Junr,  William  Beatty,  Michael 
Raymer,  Christopher  Edelen. 

A  Letter  was  received  from  the  Council  of  Safety  requesting 
an  immediate  return  of  all  the  Inhabitants  in  this  District 
together  with  the  Distinctions  of  Age,  Sex,  and  Colour. 

Ordered  that  the  several  Constables  in  this  District  be 
appointed  to  ascertain  the  number  of  Inhabitants  in  this  Dis- 
trict and  make  a  Return  to  this  Committee  as  soon  as  may  be — 
for  which  Service  a  reasonable  Compensation  will  be  allowed, 
and  that  the  Constables  be  furnished  with  this  Resolve. 

Jacob  Neat's  fine  reduced  to  £4. 

Ordered  that  Messrs.  French  and  Tesstill  appear. 

Messrs.  French  and  Testill  appeared  and  were  discharged 
from  any  further  Appearance  before  this  Commee. 

Ordered  y*  their  obligation  as  to  their  good  Behaviour  stand 
in  force. 


Resolved  that  Mr  Abraham  Haaf  be  appointed  Collector  of 
the  fines  in  Linganore  Hundred  in  the  place  of  Mr.  Nathan 
Maynard  who  hath  declined  executing  that  Office. 

In  Consequence  of  a  Resolve  of  the  last  Convention  the  Com- 
mittee think  proper  to  decline  taking  Bonds  with  Security  from 
the  several  Non-associators  who  were  required  to  attend  here  this 
day  for  the  purpose  of  giving  Security  agreeably  to  the  Resolve 
of  the  December  Convention. 

A  Copy  of  a  Letter  from  the  Congress  to  the  Convention 
earnestly  soliciting  an  instant  Execution  of  the  Influence  of  this 
and  every  other  Committee  towards  equipping  the  Militia  for 
the  flying  Camp  was  read,  whereupon  it  was  unanimously 
resolved  that  this  Committee  will  and  that  every  Militia  Cap* 
and  other  Member  of  this  District  ought  to  exert  himself  for  the 
immediate  Supplying  the  Troops  for  the  Flying  Camp  with 
every  Necessary  for  their  March. 

Resolved  that  a  Quantity  of  Salt  in  the  Possession  of  Mr. 
Miller  be  delivered  to  Mr.  Christopher  Edelen  and  be  by  him 
sold  in  Quantities  not  exceeding  1/2  a  Bushell  nor  less  than  a 
peck  at  the  rate  of  12/6  per  Bushell  and  that  after  the  Deduc- 
tion of  6d  per  Bushell  for  selling,  the  proceeds  be  paid  to  the 
Owners,  that  the  25th  Instant  be  the  day  when  the  Sale  shall 

Ordered  that  the  two  next  precedent  Resolves  be  advertised. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  Wednesday  31  July. 

The  Committee  met  by  Especial  Order  23  July,  1776. 

Present,  Christopher  Edelen  Esqr  in  the  Chair,  A.  Fisher, 
Conrad  Grosh,  Michael  Raymer,  George  Murdoch,  John  Haas, 
John  Adlum,  and  Philip  Thomas. 

A  Letter  from  the  Committee  of  the  lower  district  together 
with  Thomas  Tonnerton  who  had  been  arrested  on  Suspicion  of 
being  a  certain  Moses  Kirkland  advertised  in  the  Pennsylvania 
Packett  of  8th  May  were  received  and  the  said  Tonnerton's 
answering  the  Description  given  of  the  same  Kirkland,  and  not 
being  able  fully  to  satisfy  the  Committee  that  he  was  not  the 


said  Kirkland,  it  was  Resolved  that  lie  be  committed  to  the  Tory 
Goal  for  farther  Examination  to-morrow  morning. 

The  Committee  met  24  July,  1776. 

Present,  Christopher  Edelen  Esqr,  in  the  Chair,  John  Adlnm, 
John  Haass,  Adam  Eisher,  Conrad  Grosh,  Michael  Raymer, 
George  Murdock,  and  Philip  Thomas. 

Thomas  Tonnerton  was  brought  before  the  Committee  accord- 
ing to  the  Order  of  yesterday,  and  was  re-examined.  Doctr 
Houbl  attended  who  was  at  the  apprehending  of  Col1  Kirkland 
and  had  seen  him  since,  and  being  sworn  deposed  that  he  verily 
believed  the  prisoner  was  not  the  Kirkland  advertised. 

Thereupon  Resolved  that  he  be  discharged  without  fees. 

Ordered  that  Jacob  Coventry  a  prisoner  in  the  Tory  Goal  be 
discharged  on  giving  Security  for  his  fees. 

The  fees  of  Coventry's  Imprisonment  amount  to  23/4. 
William  Jenings  became  Security  for  the  payment  of  said  fees 
on  3d  August  next,  whereupon  Coventry  was  discharged. 

Resolved,  that  Mr.  Adam  Grosh  be  recommended  as  third 
Lieutenant  to  Cap*  Griffith's  Company  in  the  Rifle  Battalion 
directed  by  the  Congress  to  be  raised. 

Committee  adjourns  to  31st  July. 

July  26,  1776.    Committee  met  by  especial  Order. 

Present,  John  Hanson  Junr  Esq1-,  in  the  Chair,  Philip 
Thomas,  John  Adlum,  Michael  Raymer,  Christopher  Edelen, 
Conrad  Grosh,  Adam  Eisher,  John  Haass  and  George  Murdock. 

A  Letter  was  received  from  the  Board  of  War  at  Philadel- 
phia, inclosing  a  List  of  15  Officers  Prisoners,  which  they  had 
ordered  to  this  Place  for  safe  Custody,  under  the  care  of  Cap* 
Sterling,  with  Directions  to  the  Committee  that  all  those  who 
should  refuse  to  subscribe  the  Parol  directed  by  Congress  (a 
Copy  whereof  they  enclosed  us)  should  be  closely  confined. 
Whereupon  the  Parol  was  presented,  when  only  ye  three  follow- 
ing signed  it  Cap*  Godwin  for  himself  and  servant,  Cap* 
Thompson  and  Surgeon  Huddleston.  Thereupon  Resolved  that 
as  the  Tory  Goal  is  the  only  Place  of  Security  in  this  Town, 


that  Major  Joseph  Stopford,  Major  Dunbar,  Major  Hughes, 
Capts  Stewart,  Allge,  Campbell,  Commissary  McCullough, 
Lieutts  Harrison,  Shuttleworth,  Lessly,  McDonald  and  Mid- 
shipman Symonds  be  immediately  sent  to  the  Tory  Goal. 

Resolved  that  the  Guard  there  receive  the  Addition  of  a 
Sergeant  and  Six  Men  from  Cap*  Hardman's  Company,  that 
the  latter  receive  Wages  equal  to  ye  former. 

Ordered  that  the  Chairman  furnish  the  Midshipman  with 
15/  p.  week  for  his  support. 

Ordered  that  Paroles  signed  be  forthwith  sent  to  the  Board 
of  War  by  Chairman. 

Resolved  that  George  Murdock,  Conrad  Grosh,  Adam  Fisher, 
John  Haass  and  Philip  Thomas  be  a  Committee  to  enquire  into 
the  State  of  the  Tory  Goal. 

Ordered  that  the  Chairman  write  to  the  Council  of  Safety, 
respecting  the  Tory  prisoners  informing  them  that  many  of 
them  had  offered  Security  for  their  good  Behaviour  and  for 
their  remaining  within  any  Limits  that  might  be  prescribed  to 
them,  and  to  enquire  if  those  who  bore  Commissions  were 
entitled  to  the  Parol  directed  by  Congress  to  be  signed  by  all 

Committee  adjourns  to  31  July,  1776. 

July  31.    The  Committee  met. 

Present:  John  Hanson  Junr  Esqr,  in  the  Chair,  Messrs. 
Adam  Fisher,  John  Adlum,  John  Haass,  Philip  Thomas,  Con- 
rad Grosh,  Michael  Raymer,  Win.  Beatty,  Joseph  Wood  Junr, 
Christ1"  Edelen  &  George  Murdock. 

Ordered  that  a  List  of  those  persons  who  were  appointed  Col- 
lectors of  the  fines  in  this  District,  together  with  a  List  of  those 
who  were  fined  for  not  enrolling  be  immediately  transmitted  to 
the  Council  of  Safety. 

Saturday  3  August  1776. 

The  Officers  who  were  confined  to  the  Tory  Goal  (12)  signed 
the  Parole  ordered  by  Congress. 


5  August  1776.    The  Committee  met. 

Present:  John  Hanson  Junr  Esqr,  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  W. 
Luckett,  C.  Grosh,  P.  Thomas,  John  Adlum,  C.  Edelen,  D. 
Shriver,  B.  Johnson,  C.  Beatty,  Wm.  Beatty  &  John  Haass. 

Ordered  that  15lb  Powder  and  45lb  Lead  be  delivered  to  each 
of  the  following  Captains  for  the  Use  of  their  Companies, — 
Meroney,  Hardman,  Reynolds  and  Campbell,  and  that  Mr.  John 
Adlum  deliver  the  same. 

Committee  adjourns  till  to  Morrow. 

August  6,  1776.    The  Committee  met. 

Present;  John  Hanson  Junr  Esqr,  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  D. 
Schriver,  W.  Luckett,  Conrad  Grosh,  J.  Adlum,  J.  Haass  & 
M.  Raymer. 

Ordered  that  a  Precipe  issue  directed  to  James  Wells  to  sum- 
mon Nicholas  Seiple,  Peter  Wetsill  and  Jacob  Myers  to  appear 
before  the  Committee  on  the  20th-  Ins*,  and  that  one  issue  direct- 
ed to  Adam  Good  to  summon  Michael  McGuire  and  William 
Pebble  to  appear  before  the  Committee  on  same  day. 

John  Sliver's  fine  reduced  to  £4. 

Peter  Van  Horn's  remitted. 

Ordered  that  Chairman  write  for  Prisoners'  Servants  to 
Lancaster  Committee. 

Committee  adjourns  to  8th  Instant. 

August  8,  1776.    The  Committee  met. 

Present :  John  Hanson  Junr  Esqr,  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  Con- 
rad Grosh,  William  Beatty,  Philip  Thomas,  John  Adlum, 
Adam  Fisher  and  George  Murdoch. 

Mr.  Adam  Grosh  having  declined  the  recommend11  offered 
him  the  24th  July,  it  was  resolved  that  the  Chairman  recom- 
mend Mr.  Elijah  Evans  as  third  Lieut*  to  Cap*  Griffiths'  Com- 
pany in  the  Rifle  Battalion. 

Ordered  that  a  Guard  consisting  of  a  Captain,  Sergeant  and 
12  men  be  employed  on  the  following  Terms, — Cap*  6/  p.  day, 
Serg*  4/6,  and  each  of  the  privates  3  p.  day,  that  Messrs. 
Thomas  and  Adlum  employ  said  Guard. 


Ordered  that  90  Flints  be  delivered  Cap*  Meroney  for  his 

Committee  adjourns  to  Tuesday  the  20th  Ins*. 

August  13,  1776.    The  Committee  met  by  especial  Order. 

Present,  John  Hanson  Junr  Esq1-,  in  the  Chair,  Messrs. 
Philip  Thomas,  Conrad  Grosh,  Michael  Eaymer,  William 
Beatty,  George  Murdock,  John  Adlum. 

Ordered  that  each  of  the  Servants  prisoners  of  War,  belong- 
ing to  the  Officers  in  this  Town,  be  allowed  a  Ration  equal  to 
that  of  the  Troops  in  the  Service  of  this  Province,  that  half  a 
Ration  be  allowed  to  each  of  the  Women  &  Children  belonging 
to  said  Servants.  That  the  Ration  shall  be  delivered  to  the 
Servants  or  the  price  thereof  paid  them  at  the  Election  of  the 

Ordered  that  the  21st  Instant  be  appointed  for  publishing 
the  Declaration  of  Independence. 

Ordered  that  Doctr  Thomas  draw  up  Instructions  for  the 

Ordered  that  Mr.  Doll  be  empowered  to  purchase  Material 
for  enlarging  the  Guard  Room  at  the  Tory  Goal. 

Ordered  that  Messrs.  Murdock  &  Thomas  be  appointed  to 
distribute  the  public  Powder  here  among  the  Inhabitants  most 
convenient  for  the  Reception  of  it. 

That  15lb  Powder  and  45lb  Lead  be  delivered  to  each  of  the 
Capts  Speaker  &  Deakens  for  the  Use  of  their  Companies. 

Committee  adjourns  to  the  20tb  Instant. 

August  20,  1776.    The  Committee  met. 

Present:  John  Hanson  Junr  Esqr,  in  the  Chair,  Messrs. 
Philip  Thomas,  George  Murdock,  John  Stoner,  John  Haass, 
Michael  Raymer,  Adam  Fisher,  William  Beatty,  William 
Luckett  Junr,  Conrad  Grosh. 

Stephen  Bower's  fine  reduced  to  £5. 

Anthony  Burnhart's  fine  reduced  to  £2. 

Ordered  that  the  Collectors  of  the  fines  in  this  District  in- 
dulge those  persons  who  were  fined  till  the  first  day  of  Decern- 


ber  next  for  the  payment  of  their  Fines  upon  giving  Security 
payable  to  the  Chairman  of  the  Convention. 

William  Pepple's  Enrollment  of  a  Militia  Company  consist- 
ing of  a  Cap*,  2  Lieutenants,  Ensign,  4  Sergeants,  4  Corporals, 
1  Drummer  and  56  Privates  returned  this  day. 

Messrs.  Seiple  and  Wetsill  appeared  according  to  summons 
and  were  discharged. 

Peter  Noffsinger's  fine  reduced  to  £5 

Doctr  Philip  Thomas  brought  in  the  Instructions  for  the 
Guard,  which  were  approved  of. 

Ordered  that  the  Cap*  be  furnished  with  a  Copy. 

Martin  Shoupe's  fine  reduced  to  £6.10. 

John  Kinsey's  reduced  to  £3.10. 

The  Guard  employed  by  Messrs.  Adlum  &  Thomas  was  ap- 
proved of. 

Commte  adjourns  till  this  day  fortnight. 

August  23,  1776.  At  a  special  meeting  of  the  Committee 
Present:  John  Hanson  Junr  Esqr,  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  Wil- 
liam Beatty,  William  Blair,  John  Adlum,  Joseph  Wood,  George 
Murdock  and  Philip  Thomas. 

The  Reverend  Mr.  Booth  appeared  and  informed  the  Com- 
mittee that  he  had  received  great  Injury  in  his  property  by 
having  a  considerable  part  of  a  valuable  Peach  Orchard  torn 
down  last  Saturday  Night  by  sundry  persons  against  whom  he 
has  sufficient  proof. 

Resolved  unanimously  that  it  be  recommended  to  Mr.  Booth 
to  apply  to  a  civil  Magistrate  or  the  Court  who  it  is  not  doubted 
will  take  order  therein. 

Resolved  unanimously  that  this  Committee  will  upon  this  as 
well  as  every  other  Occasion  support  the  civil  Power  in  the  due 
Execution  of  the  Law  where  such  Assistance  may  be  necessary. 

Committee  adjourns  to  3d  Sep*  1776. 

Septr  2,  1776.    The  Committee  met  by  Especial  Order. 

Present;  John  Hanson  Esquire  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  Baker 
Johnson,  Charles  Beatty,  George  Murdock,  Conrad  Grosh, 
Michael  Raymer  &  Philip  Thomas. 


It  being  represented  to  this  Committee  that  Mr.  James  Smith 
a  ISTon-associator  is  very  intimate  with  the  officers  in  this  Town, 
prisoners  of  War  now  on  parol  and  that  he  is  at  this  time  asso- 
ciating with  them,  the  Committee  disapproving  that  Intimacy, 
Resolve  that  Mr.  James  Smith  immediately  leave  the  Town, 
and  that  he  be  served  with  a  Copy  of  this  Resolution. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  to-morrow  morning. 

Septr  3.    The  Committee  met. 

Preesnt:  John  Hanson  Junr  Esq1",  in  the  Chair,  Messrs. 
Philip  Thomas,  George  Murdock,  Michael  Raymer,  John  Ad- 
ium,  John  Stoner,  William  Luckett  Junr,  William  Beatty,  Con- 
rad Grosh,  and  Baker  Johnson. 

On  application  of  James  Ogle,  Warrants  ordered  against 
Henry  Grove  for  20/  and  ag*  Peter  Shultz  for  4  which  Sums 
they  were  fined  by  a  Court  Marshal  of  Cap*  Ogle's  Company. 
Warrants  to  be  directed  to  John  Cyphers. 

On  application  of  Cap*  Snowdenberger,  Warrants  issued 
against  Michael  Unger  for  3/,  Michael  Crowel  3/,  George 
Heiter  3/,  John  Swedner  3/,  Conrad  Spoor  3/,  Sebalt  Bauther 
3/,  Adam  Wolf  2/6,  and  Cornelius  Harken  1/6,  which  sums 
they  were  fined  by  a  Court  Marshal  of  Cap*  Snowdenberger' s 
Company.    Warrants  directed  to  John  Henry  Daily. 

Jacob  Verrefeltz's  fine  reduced  to  £6.10. 

Abraham  Miller's  fine  reduced  to  £6.10. 

Michael  Wine's  fine  reduced  to  £5.10. 

Jacob  Miller's  fine  reduced  to  £5.10. 

Jacob  Florough  Senr's  fine  reduced  to  £4. 

Joseph  Doll  produces  an  Account  of  £.3.2.6  for  Materials 
purchased  (by  Order  of  the  Committee)  for  building  a  Guard 
Room  for  the  Use  of  the  Guard. 

Ordered  that  the  same  be  paid  by  the  Treasurer. 

Ordered  that  the  Tory  prisoners  be  removed  to  the  common 
Goal  agreeably  to  the  Resolve  of  the  Convention. 

Resolved  that  each  Captain  in  this  Town  take  an  account  of 
all  the  effective  Arms  in  his  Company,  and  number  the  same, 
and  that  he  be  furnished  with  12  Rounds  of  Cartridges  to  fit 


each  Gun,  and  that  he  number  the  Cartridges  to  agree  with  the 
Guns  which  they  fit. 

Summons  ordered  for  John  Shellman  and  Alexander  Mc- 
Donald to  appear  before  the  Committee  on  the  11  Instant. 
Ordered  that  Nicholas  Highsler  serve  the  same  Summons. 

Whereas  it  appears  that  there  is  a  very  great  Intimacy  be- 
tween several  Non  Associators  and  the  prisoners  of  War  now  on 
parol  in  this  Town,  and  as  it  is  notorious  that  said  Non  Asso- 
ciators are  inimical  to  America  consequently  their  Intercourse 
with  the  prisoners  may  prove  dangerous  to  the  State, 

Eesolved  Unanimously  that  no  person  or  persons  who  have 
refused  or  neglected  to  sign  the  Association  prescribed  by  the 
Convention  of  this  or  any  other  of  the  united  States,  where  such 
person,  or  persons  reside,  be  hereafter  permitted  to  have  any 
Connection  or  Intercourse  directly  or  indirectly  with  the  pris- 
oners of  War  which  now  are  or  may  hereafter  be  under  the 
Care  and  Direction  of  this  Committee  without  the  permission  of 
the  same  Committee. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  ye  11th  Instant. 

September  10,  1776.    The  Committee  met. 

Present:  Conrad  Grosh  Esquire  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  Mich- 
ael Baymer,  William  Beatty,  John  Adlum,  George  Murdock, 
Philip  Thomas  &  John  Haass. 

Jacob  Geiger  was  brought  before  the  Committee  on  Sus- 
picion of  being  unfriendly  to  the  American  Cause,  and  the  Accu- 
sation, Evidence  and  Defence  being  heard  and  fully  consid- 
ered, it  was  resolved  that  he  enter  into  Bond  with  Security  in 
the  Sum  of  £50  Currency  for  his  good  Behaviour  in  future. 
Ordered  that  the  Clerk  take  said  Bond  this  Evening. 

Ordered  that  Messrs.  John  Adlum  and  George  Murdock  be 

appointed  to  enquire  respecting  sundry  Gun  Barrells,  Locks 

and  other  things  sold  by  John  Campbell  Lindsey  to  a  certain 

,  which  this  Committee  apprehend  belong  to 

ye  Province. 

Committee  adjourns  till  tomorrow  morning. 


Septr  11.     The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 

Present:  Conrad  Grosh  Esquire  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  Wil- 
liam Beatty,  Joseph  Wood  Junr,  John  Stoner,  Philip  Thomas, 
Michael  Raymer,  John  Adlum  and  George  Murdock. 

Adam  Smith's  fine  reduced  to  £5.10. 

Enoch  Frey's  fine  reduced  to  £4. 

Resolved  that  Cap*  William  Duvall  he  appointed  Collector 
of  the  fines  in  Linganore  Hundred  in  the  room  of  Mr.  Abraham 

Ordered  that  Doctr  Philip  Thomas  write  to  the  Convention 
and  inform  them  that  there  are  several  Deserters  from  Col1. 
Smallwood's  Battalion  now  in  this  and  the  upper  District,  and 
also  inform  them  that  there  are  several  sick  Soldiers  in  this 
Town  left  by  the  Virginia  Regiment. 

Ordered  that  Messrs.  Philip  Thomas,  George  Murdock,  John 
Adlum  and  William  Blair  be  appointed  to  meet  the  field  Officers 
of  the  several  Battalions  in  this  District  in  Frederick  Town  on 
Friday  next,  to  recommend  Officers  to  the  Council  of  Safety  for 
the  Company  of  Volunteers  to  be  raised  in  this  District,  and 
that  they  in  Conjunction  with  the  said  Officers  exert  their  Influ- 
ence to  expedite  the  Inlistment  of  said  Men,  and  equipment 
of  them  with  Arms  and  other  Necessaries. 

Ordered,  that  for  enabling  the  above  Gentlemen  to  carry  into 
Execution  the  Recommendation  of  Convention  relating  to  rais- 
ing said  Company,  the  money  in  the  Hands  of  the  Collectors  of 
this  District  be  immediately  borrowed,  to  be  replaced  by  the 
money  which  it  is  expected  will  be  sent  up  by  the  Convention 
for  that  purpose. 

Ordered,  that  the  Thanks  of  this  Committee  be  returned  to 
the  Clerk  for  his  Services  in  that  Character  and  that  he  be 
requested  to  take  care  of  the  proceedings  and  Papers  belonging 
to  them,  and  not  to  suffer  them  to  be  taken  out  of  his  Possession 
unless  by  an  order  in  Writing  from  a  Majority  of  the  Mem- 
bers who  now  compose  this  Committee. 

October  12,  1776.     The  late  Committee  induced  by  the  Re- 


solve  of  the  Convention  as  well  as  the  Necessity  of  the  Case  met 
when  were  present, — 

John  Hanson  Junr  Esq1",  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  Michael  Ray- 
mer, John  Stoner,  J.  Haass,  Baker  Johnson,  George  Mnrdock, 
Charles  Beatty  and  Conrad  Grosh. 

The  Committee  having  examined  several  Accounts  for  the 
securing  two  Deserters  laid  before  them  order  that  the  Chair- 
man pay  the  same  allowing  14d  per  day  for  their  Diet. 

Ordered  that  the  Guard  he  reduced  to  an  Officer  and  four 

Committee  adjourned  to  14th  Instant. 

October  14,  1776.    The  Committee  met. 

Present:  John  Hanson  Junr  Esqr,  in  the  Chair,  Michael 
Raymer,  Conrad  Grosh,  Baker  Johnson,  Charles  Beatty,  George 
George  Murdock  and  John  Adlum. 

Ordered  that  Messrs.  Charles  Beatty  and  Baker  Johnson 
represent  to  the  Convention  the  superior  Strength  of  the  Tory 
Goal  and  recommend  that  as  a  preferable  Place  of  Confinement 
to  the  common  Goal,  for  the  Tories  here,  during  the  Winter 

Ordered  that  Messrs.  Beatty  and  Johnson  likewise  inform 
the  Convention  that  the  Tory  prisoners  now  here  have  offered  to 
give  Security  for  their  good  Behaviour,  and  for  their  remaining 
within  any  Limits  which  the  Convention  may  prescribe;  and 
request  the  Convention  to  make  some  Order  therein. 

The  Committee  adjourns. 

October  24,  1776.     The  Committee  met  by  Especial  Order. 

Present ;  Michael  Raymer  Esq1",  in  the  Chair,  Messrs.  Adam 
Fisher,  Charles  Beatty,  John  Haass,  John  Adlum,  George  Mur- 
dock, and  Baker  Johnson. 

Upon  Information  to  the  Committee  that  Cap*  Hugh  Scott 
a  Non  Associator  is  at  this  time  with  the  prisoners  in  parol  in 
this  Town  contrary  to  a  Resolve  of  this  Committee  of  the  3d 
Sep*  last, 

It  was  resolved  that  Mr.  Potts  be  requested  to  deliver  Cap* 


Scott  a  Copy  of  the  same  Resolve,  and  inform  him  that  the  Com- 
mittee expect  he  will  immediately  comply  with  it. 

Ordered  that  Mr.  Hanson  pay  Cap*  Doll  his  Account. 

On  the  Application  of  several  Soldiers  belonging  to  the  third 
Virginia  Regiment  setting  forth  that  they  are  on  their  Way  to 
join  their  Regiment  at  New  York  and  want  money  to  pay  their 
necessary  Expences,  It  was  ordered  that  Mr.  Hanson  pay  them 
20/  out  of  the  public  money  for  that  purpose. 

[End  of  Journal.] 


(Continued  from  Vol.  XI,  p.  348.) 

12  E"ovember  1763.  [100] 
Dr  Papa 

This  is  to  let  you  know  I  arrived  safe  in  London  the  6  instant : 
ever  since,  I  have  been  in  the  greatest  expectations  of  a  letter 
from  Mr  Crookshanks,  who  has  promised  me  to  get  me  intro- 
duced to  Mr  Baker :  wether  I  shall  obtain  that  gentleman's  con- 
sent to  Marry  his  daughter  seems  very  doubtful:  he  may  per- 
haps object  to  my  living  in  north  America:  if  he  does  I  must 
lay  aside  all  thoughts  of  Miss  Baker :  the  situation  of  our  affairs 
absolutely  require  my  residence  in  Maryland:  and  I  can  not 
sacrifice  the  future  aggrandisement  of  our  family  to  a  woman: 
America  is  a  growing  country :  in  time  it  will  &  must  be  inde- 
pendent. As  soon  as  I  am  introduced  to  Mr  Baker  &  know  his 
determination  I  shall  make  you  acquainted  with  it. 

Very  good  brood  Mares  I  make  no  doubt  can  be  had  for  25  or 
thirty  pound :  the  most  difficult  task  is  to  procure  a  good,  sober, 
understanding  groom :  the  having  a  gardiner  or  other  servant  to 
take  care  of  them  on  their  passage  will  be  merely  accidental, 
besides  unsafe,  as  either  the  ignorance  or  sloth  of  such  a  fellow 
might  be  fatal  to  the  Mares.  If  I  can  procure  two  good  Mares 
I  intend  to  get  them  covered : 


My  picture  was  done  by  Reynolds:  tis  a  %  length  a  half 
length  wou'd  come  down  to  the  knees,  the  price  is  fixed :  I  payed 
no  more  than  what  others  pay. 

I  shall  take  care  to  deliver  yr  message  to  Mr  Webb :  or  leave 
at  his  house  an  extract  of  that  part  of  yr  letter  that  relates  to 
him.  My  friends  think  I  look  full  as  well  in  a  wig  as  in  my 
own  hair. 

I  shall  endeavour  to  right  Huson  if  possible:  but  I  am 
affraid  all  my  trouble  will  be  to  no  purpose.  I  wish  you  the 
enjoyment  of  yr  health  &  pray  to  God  for  it.    I  am  Dr  Papa 

Yr  affectionate  Son 

Cha:  Carroll. 

8  Decemb,  1763.  [101] 
Dr  Papa, 

Mr  Perkins  has  informed  me  that  a  packet  is  to  sail  for  "New 
York  next  Saturday :  &  tho'  I  wrote  to  you  the  12  of  last  month 
&  have  nothing  new  or  material  to  say  yet  as  my  letters  seem  to 
afford  you  some  pleasure  I  am  willing  you  should  enjoy  it  as 
often  as  possible. 

Cap*  Kelty  &  Hanson  are  arrived:  the  Cane  Spirits  have 
been  delivered  for  wh  I  return  you  my  thanks  my  fate  is  yet 
undecided.  I  wrote  this  very  day  to  Mr  Baker  at  Southampton : 
I  should  have  wrote  sooner  but  the  expectation  of  a  letter  from 
Mr  Crookshanks  wh  is  not  yet  come  to  hand,  made  me  put  it  off 
till  now.  Mr  Baker  I  hear  has  had  two  wives  &  Children  by 
both,  his  daughter  therefore  will  not  probably  have  so  great  a 
fortune  as  Mr  Crookshanks  imagined:  the  probability  of  my 
succeeding  is  the  greater:  women  entitled  to  large  fortunes  are 
not  easily  persuaded  to  leave  England. 

My  Lady  Webb  has  had  the  generosity  &  benevolence  to  con- 
tinue to  Mr  Ireland  the  annuity  paid  by  her  Husbd  Sir  Thomas : 
instead  of  £30  she  will  remit  annually  to  Mr  Ireland  by  Mr 
Perkins  30  guineas.  I  am  well  acquainted  with  Jos:  Webb  his 
youngest  son  who  has  promised  at  my  desire  to  introduce  me  to 
his  mother.    I  shall  return  her  Mr  Ireland's  thanks  for  the  con- 


tinuation  of  the  charity  &  if  an  oportunity  offers  endeavours  to 
get  the  additional  sum  of  10  guineas  paid  to  his  son. 

In  yours  of  the  20  Septbr  you  promised  to  send  me  by  Kelty 
the  Genealogy.  I  have  seen  Kelty,  but  I  forgot  to  ask  him  for 
it  &  perhaps  he  forgot  to  deliver  it  to  me.  I  have  recd  no  letters 
this  long  time  from  Mr  Whitten  I  shall  write  to  him  soon  and 
send  him  the  copy  of  the  genealogy  if  it  is  arrived  with  an  ex- 
tract of  that  part  of  yr  letter  which  relates  to  Kean  Carroll. 
You  may  expect  by  Hanson  the  continuation  of  Geogans  & 
Warner's  irish  histories  as  also  the  natural  history  of  Kam- 
katska  if  they  are  published:  I  have  acquainted  Mr  Webb  the 
seedsman  with  yr  commission:  your  instructions  for  my  voya 
&  about  the  Mares  if  they  can  be  had  at  a  reasonable  rate  shall 
be  punctually  followed :  I  have  given  a  country  gentleman  of  my 
acquaintance  a  commission  to  look  out  two  for  me  at  £25  each: 
their  pedigree  to  be  well  attested  &c.  Before  the  receit  of  yr 
last  I  had  a  plate  of  our  arms  ingraved  &  200  stamps  with  only 
my  name  at  the  bottom,  &  had  ordered  400  more.  I  shall  leave 
the  plate  with  the  ingraver  to  supply  me  with  more  stamps  if 
wanted:  the  plate  is  too  short  to  have  the  words  you  direct  in- 
serted. Mr  Bird  thanks  you  kindly  for  the  Cane  Spirits;  I 
could  not  spare  him  the  2  Doz  of  Madeira  as  I  have  but  a  small 
quantity  left  which  will  be  serviceable  on  ship  board.  I  shall 
make  Mr  Bird  some  other  return  for  his  civilities  to  me.  Mr 
Graves  my  fellow  traveller  has  introduced  me  to  the  company 
he  generally  dines  with:  they  are  most  of  them  Parlia*  men, 
lawyers,  or  have  had  a  law  education  and  are  men  of  sense, 
their  conversation  is  instructive  &  entertaining  &  tho'  the  Tav- 
ern bills  are  pretty  high,  our  quota  generally  amounting  to  8s 
6d  a  head,  it  would  be  foolish  &  mean  to  decline  their  company 
on  that  account.  One  of  these  gentlemen  got  me  twice  admit- 
tance into  the  house  of  commons :  the  first  debate  I  heard,  arose 
upon  a  motion  for  an  address  to  his  Majesty  on  his  most  gracious 
speech :  Mr  Beckf ord  the  most  violent  of  the  opposition  said  he 
should  consider  the  speech  not  as  the  King's  but  as  the  Minis- 
ters :  that  he  had  been  all  along  &  still  was  of  opinion  that  the 


peace  was  inglorious  &  inadequate  to  our  successes:  words 
directly  contradictory  of  those  made  use  of  in  the  speech:  he 
severely  reflected  on  the  proclamation  for  settling  our  new  ac- 
quisitions: he  openly  declared  the  present  ministry  incapable 
of  governing,  ignorant  of  geography,  arbitrary  &  despotick. 
Mr  Pitt  made  a  long  speech  no  less  severe  but  more  cautious: 
the  peace  he  thought  inadequate:  that  the  greatest  advantages 
had  been  given  up  to  the  French  without  an  equivalent :  that  a 
total  exclusion  from  the  Newfoundland  fishery  should  have  been 
insisted  on:  for  his  part  whatever  notions  people  might  enter- 
tain, he  could  safely  say  he  did  not  censure  for  the  sake  of  cen- 
suring or  from  any  ill  humour :  that  he  entertained  the  highest 
opinion  of  those  ministers  who  could  derive  advantages  from  a 
peace  from  which  he  himself  could  not  foresee  any:  far  from 
being  fond  of  power  or  a  ministerial  influence  he  was  resolved  to 
shun  both:  it  tis  but  just  that  those  ministers  who  made  the 
peace  should  be  continued  in  office  to  improve  their  own  work: 
should  I,  contrary  to  my  wish,  once  more  assume  the  cares  of 
government  a  disapointed  nation  would  attribute  to  my  par- 
tiality &  Dislike  to  the  peace  the  small  advantages  derived  to 
their  country  in  proportion  to  the  vast  expense  of  blood  &  treas- 
ure. He  very  artfully  touched  upon  the  present  divisions  &  dis- 
tracted state  of  the  nation.  I  am  really  of  opinion  we  are 
divided  more  by  names  than  things :  there  was  a  time  &  that  too 
not  very  distant  (meaning  his  own  administration)  when  the 
nation  was  all  unanimity,  to  what  is  the  present  disunion 
owing?  are  not  the  principles  of  men  now  in  power  the  same 
with  those  out  of  power  ?  are  they  not  revolution  principles,  the 
principles  of  liberty,  agreeable  to  this  constitution  ?  let  there  be 
a  kind  of  political  test  established,  let  it  require  the  highest 
veneration  for  Magna  Charta,  express  the  strongest  aversion  to 
false  imprisonment,  a  profound  regard  for  the  Habeas  corpus 
Act  the  great  protector  on  english  liberty,  is  there  even  a  Min- 
ister who  would  scruple  to  subscribe  such  a  test  ?  and  if  he  does 
what  danger  is  to  be  apprehended  from  his  administration, 
unless  his  hand  subscribes  what  his  heart,  what  his  conduct  dis- 


claims.  Mr  Pitt's  manner  of  speaking  indeliberate  yet  ani- 
mated, his  voice  distinct  tho'  not  loud,  his  words  bold,  some- 
times too  pompons,  his  thoughts  deep,  his  imagination  truly 

The  House  of  Commons  has  come  to  the  following  resolu- 
tions :  the  North  Briton  N°  45  voted  a  seditious  libel  tending  to 
raise  traiterous  insurrections:  a  member  of  Parlia*  writing  a 
seditious  libel  has  no  privilege:  the  North  Briton  N°  45  to  be 
burnt  by  the  hands  of  the  common  hangman.  It  was  accord- 
ingly burnt  some  days  ago,  the  mob  rose,  insulted  &  slightly 
wounded  Mr  Harley  the  Sheriff  &  rescued  a  part  of  the  paper 
from  the  flames:  this  affair  is  now  under  the  consideration  of 
both  houses.  One  of  Mr  Wilke's  actions  against  Wood  was  yes- 
terday determined  in  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas.  After  15 
hours  hearing  the  Jury  which  was  special  withdrew  &  brought 
in  their  verdict  for  the  Plaintiff  with  £1000  damages  &  full 
costs  of  suit.  Mr  Wilkes  is  out  of  danger  but  will  not  be  able  to 
attend  the  house  these  3  weeks:  the  majority  will  not  proceed 
against  him  any  further  till  he  can  attend  in  his  place :  I  say  no 
further  for  certainly  the  above  resolutions  affect  Mr  Wilkes :  if 
he  is  proved  the  author  of  the  North  Briton  he  will  be  expelled 
the  house,  and  no  one  here  makes  the  least  [doubt]  but  that  he 
will  be  expelled :  his  story  is  pregnant  with  incidents :  every  day 
brings  something  fresh :  yesterday  one  S  MacDun  was  taken  into 
custody  for  intending  to  assassinate  Mr  Wilkes :  he  is  a  Scotsman 
&  a  madman  and  lately  let  loose  from  a  private  mad  house:  he 
will  be  brought  to  day  to  the  bar  of  the  house  of  Commons : 

The  Acco*  Cap*  Kelty  gives  me  of  yr  health  affords  me  great 
satisfaction :  I  hope  your  wrist  is  quite  recovered :  the  Cap*  told 
me  how  sensibly  you  was  affected  at  hearing  I  had  the  small 
pox:  during  my  illness  what  gave  me  the  most  pain  till  I  was 
out  of  danger,  was  the  thoughts  what  sorrow  and  affliction  you 
would  feel  at  the  news  of  my  death:  I  am  now  enjoying  my 
health  very  well  &  wishing  you  a  continuation  of  yours  I  am 
Dr  Papa  Yr  affectionate  &  dutiful 

son  Ch.  Carroll. 


P.  S. — I  pray  give  my  complits  to  Mrs  Darnall :  I  congratu- 
late with  her  upon  the  recovery  of  her  daughter  from  the  small 
pox.  I  desire  to  be  remembered  to  John  Darnall  Ric :  Croxall 
&  to  Cap*  Carroll:  tell  him  I  thank  him  for  his  useful  letter: 
but  that  in  these  times  of  liberty  he  should  fill  up  his  words :  a 
dash  is  unnecessary. 

Janu:  9th  1764.     [102] 
Dr  Charley, 

I  yesterday  evening  Received  yrs  of  the  11th  of  Octr  Past 
from  Paris  &  as  it  is  on  a  very  Interesting  Subject  I  Cannot 
Delay  answering  it.  I  hope  Miss  Baker  may  be  Endowed  with 
all  the  good  Sense  &  good  nature  you  say  she  has  Giving  this  for 
granted  you  have  my  full  Consent  to  Pay  yr  Addresses  to  her. 
But  as  you  value  yr  Owne  Happyness  Endeavour  to  be  well 
informed  whether  Miss  Baker  is  th*  sensible  sweet  temperd 
Lady  you  Represent  her  to  be  Believe  me  these  are  Essential 
to  yr  future  happyness  for  without  Domestick  Peace  &  Content 
Matrimony  must  prove  a  Curse  instead  of  a  Blessing  you  have 
reason  from  her  Education  to  Place  Confidence  in  her  virtue. 
As  to  her  Fortune  whatever  it  may  be  you  know  it  does  not  with 
me  enter  into  any  sort  of  Comparison  wth  virtue  good  nature  & 
Good  Sense.  I  was  so  full  to  you  on  this  Subject  in  my  letters 
of  the  1st  of  Sepr  1762  and  June  22 :  1763  th*  I  must  begg  you 
to  refer  to  them  I  only  add  that  I  hereby  again  Bind  myself  to 
Comply  with  what  I  promised  in  the  first  Relating  to  the  settle- 
ment to  be  made  on  yr  Wife,  knowing  this  letter  will  be  as 
Binding  on  me  as  any  Bond  or  Settlement  Executed  by  me. 
Should  the  Lady  Bring  you  a  Considerable  fortune  wh  you  say 
you  have  Reason  to  Expect  from  the  manner  of  her  Education, 
you  need  not  Apprehend  yr  Children  or  family  will  be  Hurt  by 
the  settlement  I  propose  in  Case  the  Lady  should  survive  you, 
unless  you  should  turn  out  a  spend  thrift  wh  from  yr  Past  Con- 
duct I  have  not  the  least  Grounds  to  Surmise:  for  the  growing 
Int:  on  the  Ladys  fortune  with  the  Principall  will  be  a  very 
sufficient  fund  for  the  Payment  of  the  Dower  to  be  Stipulated  & 
I  Confess  th*  my  whole  Estate  if  necessary  may  be  Bound  to 


make  good  such  settlem*  Only  note  th*  if  hereafter  you  should 
Incline  to  leave  Maryland  The  Lands  may  not  he  so  Bound  as  to 
Prevent  a  Sale  of  thm  in  wh  Case  it  may  he  Covenanted  th*  the 
Moneys  arising  hy  such  sale  should  he  vested  in  other  Purchases 
&  th*  such  Purchases  should  he  Lyahle  to  make  good  the  Settle- 
ment. And  th*  Mr  Baker  may  he  Convinced  I  am  Capable  of 
Securing  whatever  Fortune  he  may  think  proper  to  give  his 
Daughter  I  hereby  give  you  a  short  Abstract  of  the  Value  of 
my  Estate 

40,000  Acres  of  Land  two  Seats  above  Contain- 
ing each  upwards  of  12000  would  now  sell  at  20/ 
Ster  pr  Acre  £40000  :  0  :  0 

1-5  of  the  Iron  Works  Consisting  of  the  Most 
Convenient  Furnaces  in  America  with  two  forges 
Built  a  third  Erecting  with  all  Convenient  Build- 
ings 150  slaves  young  &  old  Teams  Carts  &c  & 
30,000  Acres  of  Land  Belonging  to  the  works  a 
very  growing  Estate  wch  Produces  to  my  5th 
Annually  at  least  £400  ster  at  25  years  Purchase  10,000  :  0  :  0 
2  Lots  in  Annapolis  with  the  Houses  thereon  4,000  :  0  :  0 

285  Slaves  on  my  Diff*  Plantations  at  £30  sterl 

each  in  an  Average  8550  :  0  :  0 

Cattle,    Horses   &    Stock    of    all    Sorts    on    my 

Plantations  with  Working  Tools  &c 
Silver  Household  Plate 
Debts  outstanding  at  Interest  in  1762  when  I 

Ballanced  my  Books 

You  must  not  suppose  my  Annuall  income  to  Equal  the  Interest 
of  the  Value  of  my  Estate  many  of  my  Lands  are  unimproved 
But  I  Compute  I  have  a  Clear  Revenue  of  at  least  £1800  pr 
Annum  &  the  Value  of  my  Estate  is  Annually  Encreasing  by 
the  Increase  of  the  Value  of  my  Lands.  A  Thing  of  so  much 
importance  as  Matrimony  is  not  to  be  precipitated.    But  as  you 
















took  it  into  yr  Head  last  Octor  I  hope  if  you  proceed  you  may 
finish  it  so  as  to  be  with  me  next  Summer  or  at  farthest  in  the 
fall.  You  have  long  been  impatient  to  be  with  me,  for  yr  good 
I  have  long  deprived  myself  of  the  Pleasure.  But  as  next  Aprill 
I  shall  Enter  into  my  Grand  Climaterick,  you  must  not  wonder 
th*  in  my  Turn,  I  should  grow  impatient.  I  long  to  see  Miss 
Baker  with  you,  as  you  paint  her  in  so  Amiable  a  Light,  But 
see  you  I  must,  &  when  my  eyes  are  Closed  live  where  you 
Please,  I  think  Maryland  more  agreable  to  sollid  Happyness 
than  any  Country  I  have  seen  it  is  plentifull  &  the  Climate 
Charming.  If  I  can  find  a  likelyhood  of  an  Established  Corre- 
spondence to  Howard  I  will  write  to  Mr  Eizet  for  wines  at 
Present  such  a  one  does  not  exist.  It  was  with  great  Pleasure 
I  heard  th*  Monsr  Labbe  de  Lisle  Dieu  was  well  I  loved  him 
the  moment  I  saw  him,  his  Virtue  is  so  Conspicuous  his  manner 
so  engaging  th*  a  man  must  be  insensible  not  to  Esteem  him  on 
the  slightest  Acquaintance,  tell  him  I  am  not  Accustomed  to 
make  Compliments  th*  it  would  be  Ridiculous  to  Endeavour  to 
impose  upon  him  by  such  at  1 200  Leagues  Distance  that  these 
are  the  Sentiments  of  my  Heart  th*  I  love  &  Esteem  him  &  th* 
I  wish  him  Health  &  Every  Happyness.  I  expect  by  the  1st 
ships  after  yr  Return  from  Paris  every  Paper  &  Phamphlet 
Relating  to  the  Jesuits  &  the  Journall  of  yr  Tour.  God  Grant 
you  Health  &  the  Accomplishment  of  all  yr  wishes  wh  may 
Conduce  to  His  Glory  &  yr  Reall  Happyness  being  My  Dr 
Charley  Yr  Mo :  Aff*  Father. 

Jan.  10th  1764.      [102] 
Dr  Charley 

I  did  not  in  myne  of  yesterday  mention  good  Mr  Crook- 
shanks  as  it  might  not  then  have  been  Proper  to  Acknowledge 
the  fresh  obligation  you  &  I  are  under  to  him  for  Introducing 
you  to  Miss  Baker,  I  Cannot  express  the  true  Regard  &  Afection 
I  bear  him  therefore  only  tell  him  I  love  &  Esteem  him  most 
sincerely  th*  I  wish  him  Health  &  Happyness  here.  His  Virtue 
insures  it  to  him  hereafter.    I  am  Persuaded  he  would  not  have 


made  such  an  Overture  to  you  had  he  not  thought  you  deserved 
the  Lady  &  th*  she  was  deserving  of  you  a  View  to  yr  Mutuall 
Happyness  I  am  Convinced  induced  him  to  propose  her  to  you. 
He  as  you  tell  me  Candidly  told  you  he  was  not  Acquainted 
with  Mr  Baker's  Circumstances  but  Judged  he  must  be  a  Man 
of  Great  Wealth  by  the  unlimited  Credit  he  allows  his  Daugh- 
ter ;  Yr  Prudence  therefore  I  doubt  not  directed  you  to  Enquire 
into  his  Circumstances  before  you  waited  on  him.  You  will  be 
informed  whether  his  fortune  Consists  in  Plantations  &  Negroes 
in  the  Islands  or  in  Cash.  If  in  Cash  the  settlement  I  think 
should  only  be  for  the  Fortune  paid  downe.  If  he  Proposes 
beside  a  fortune  in  hand  to  settle  on  his  Daughter  after  his 
Death  his  Lands  &  Negroes  it  would  be  well  if  they  Could  be 
settled  at  least  on  her  Male  issue  by  you  &  the  enjoyment  in 
Case  of  yr  Death  to  the  Lady  during  life,  in  wh  Case  no  Security 
Can  be  Required  for  the  Reall  Estate  or  Settlement  stipulated 
by  you  for  the  same.  If  you  find  it  will  not  be  Prudent  to 
make  such  a  Proposall  you  must  wait  a  future  time  to  make  it 
to  the  Lady  in  Case  you  marry  her.  I  know  not  Mr  Bakers  age. 
Even  if  old  he  may  marry  again,  this  Consideration  will  in- 
cline you  (if  you  Can  adroitly)  to  get  his  Estate  settled  on  the 
Lady.  At  this  distance  were  I  acquainted  with  every  Circum- 
stance I  Could  but  advise  &  my  advice  in  all  Probability  may 
Come  too  late,  Incidents  may  arise  w*1  I  cannot  foresee  there- 
fore I  must  leave  all  to  yr  Prudence  &  Discretion,  Praying  God 
to  Direct  you  &  wishing  you  Health  &  Happyness  I  again 
Assure  you  th*  I  am  My  Dr  Charly 

Yr  Mo:  Ani*  Father 


Janry  16th  1764.      [103] 
Dr  Charley 

You  no  doubt  will  by  every  opportunity  write  to  me  on  the 
Subject  of  yrs  of  the  11th  of  Octor  from  Paris,  &  let  me  know 
whether  things  turn  out  as  you  imagined  as  to  Mr  Bakers  Cir- 
cumstances &c.    I  am  Dr  Charley 

Yr  Mo:  Affte  Father. 


[John  Baker  to  Chas  Carroll  of  Carrollton] 

Bath  Thursday  15  Decembr  1763.  [104] 

It  was  not  till  late  last  night  at  my  return  from  Bristol  to 
this  place  that  I  was  honoured  with  yours  of  the  8  instant,  which 
was  sent  me  from  my  house  near  Southampton,  else  good  man- 
ners would  not  have  suffered  you  to  wait  so  long  for  an  answer 
to  it. 

Tis  true  Sr  I  have  not  the  pleasure  of  personally  knowing  you 
tho  I  am  far  from  being  altogether  a  stranger  to  the  name  of  yr 
family ;  but  it  is  impossible  for  me  to  give  a  precise  answer  to 
yr  proposal,  tho'  such  satisfaction  as  I  can  give  you,  I  will. 

As  to  what  you  suggest  of  my  having  perhaps  already  pitched 
upon  some  other  Gentleman  for  my  daughter,  believe  me  Sr  tis 
a  matter  I  had  not  yet  begun  to  think  of  and  perhaps  but  for  so 
unexpected  an  incident  as  the  present  should  not  for  a  long  time 
to  come  have  at  all  thought  about  it,  she  being  now  but  in  her 
seventeenth  year,  which  I  think  upon  the  whole,  rather  too 
early  to  engage  in  the  married  state ;  so  that  on  this  particular 
head  I  can  give  you,  I  believe  all  the  satisfaction  you  desire: 
neither  her  mother  or  myself  having  ever  turned  our  thoughts 
on  any  particular  gentleman,  or  indeed  considered  the  matter 
as  yet  calling  for  our  attention;  and  I  have  great  reason  to 
believe  her  own  affections  to  be  as  utterly  disengaged  as  they 
were  ten  years  ago. 

As  to  your  fortune  Sr  I  have  some  reason  to  suppose  it  such 
as  I  could  have  no  objection  to,  and  indeed  to  be  far  more  con- 
siderable than  my  daughter  might  be  (what  the  world  call?) 
intitled  to :  so  that  should  every  other  circumstance  be  agreeable 
to  both  parties,  the  objection  in  that  article  is  more  likely,  as  I 
take  it  to  proceed  from  yr  part  than  from  mine,  and  even  if  the 
great  liking  you  seem  to  have  conceived  for  her  should  be  power- 
ful enough  to  induce  yourself  to  dispense  with  what  another 
would  insist  on,  what  certainty  is  there  that  your  father  would 
so  easily  be  brought  to  dispense  with  it  too  ? 

Yr  father  Sr  who  is  at  so  considerable  a  distance  &  yet  with- 


out  whose  approbation  I  dare  say  neither  would  you  yourself 
nor  on  any  the  most  advantageous  terms  woud  I,  chuse  to  have 
effected  what  you  seem  so  desirous  of. 

Thus  you  Sr  (which  is  all  that  yet  can  be)  I  am  not  as  yet 
sensible  of  any  objections  I  should  have  to  your  proposal:  what 
may  hereafter  arise  from  a  farther  enquiry  into  each  other's 
situation  &  character  or  from  a  personal  conference  or  from  her 
liking  or  not  liking  your  person,  or  you  from  a  farther  knowl- 
edge &  acquaintance  not  continuing  to  like  hers,  it  is  impossible 
now  to  say. 

All  I  can  assure  you  is  that  I  should  not  affect  to  raise  any: 
and  will  even  ingenuously  own  to  you  that  I  seem  to  observe  in 
yr  manner  of  writing  certain  marks  of  candour  &  worth  that 
rather  incline  me  to  wish  I  might  not  find  any ;  nor  can  I  be 
wholly  without  sentiments  of  gratitude  for  one  who  appears  to 
have  entertained  so  sincere  &  disinterested  regard  for  a  daugh- 
ter who  from  her  infancy  has  been  so  exceeding  dear  to  me.  I 
have  the  honour  to  be 

[Signed]     John  Baker. 

27  JanuT  1764.      [104] 
Dr  Papa 

In  my  last  of  the  8  Decembr  I  let  you  know  of  my  having 
wrote  to  Mr  Baker :  a  week  after  I  received  the  enclosed  answer. 
I  repaired  immediately  to  Bath ;  my  Physician  had  advised  me 
to  drink  the  waters,  and  I  think  I  find  myself  benefited  by 
them:  for  this  some  time  past  I  have  felt  a  gradual  decay  cf 
strength  and  wasting  of  flesh  attended  with  unusual  low  spirits : 
my  nerves  are  weak  and  my  whole  frame  very  delicate,  tho'  my 
lungs  are  not  the  least  affected :  my  Bath  Physician  has  ordered 
a  regimen  which  I  am  to  stick  to  for  5  or  6  weeks  &  he  doubts 
not  of  my  being  restored  again  to  my  usual  strength.  I  am  to 
drink  every  morning  in  bed  a  pint  of  asses  milk,  to  breakfast  & 
sup  on  milk  &  to  use  the  cold  bath  twice  a  week :  pray  dont  let 
my  indisposition  give  you  any  concern  as  it  is  thought  not  the 
least  dangerous  &  I  find  myself  growing  better. 


Mr  Baker  left  Bath  2  or  three  days  after  my  arrival:  he  gave 
me  an  invitation  to  come  and  see  him  at  his  seat  near  South- 
ampton :  I  accepted  the  invitation  and  went  from  Bath  to  Grove 
Place  where  I  remained  a  full  fortnight.  Mr  Baker  is  a  man 
of  sense  and  honour:  his  second  wife  the  mother  of  the  young 
lady  is  living,  she  is  no  favourite  of  mine,  nor  I  of  hers,  if  the 
daughter's  temper  ressembles  the  mother's  I  shall  leave  England 
next  May  or  June :  Miss  Baker  will  come  to  England  in  April : 
my  returning  to  Paris  is  therefore  unnecessary.  Mr  Baker  pro- 
poses going  next  May  or  June  to  S*  Croix,  in  which  Island  his 
estate  lays :  in  his  absence  Mr  Tuite  with  whom  he  is  much  con- 
nected, will  be  intrusted  and  empowered  to  act  in  his  stead; 
from  the  enclosed  paper  which  is  in  Mr  Tuite's  own  hand  writ- 
ing you  will  be  able  to  form  some  judg*  of  Mr  Baker's  circum- 
stances, for  Tuite  is  as  well  acquainted  with  them  as  Baker 
himself.  In  talking  of  the  settlement,  in  case  the  match  takes 
place,  Mr  Baker  told  me  he  intended  to  leave  his  estate  real  & 
personal  equally  divided  among  all  his  children  his  4  sons  and 
daughter:  that  gentleman's  affairs  at  present  are  somewhat 
embarrassed:  he  owes  £St  10000  which  he  was  obliged  to  take 
up  to  clear,  settle,  and  plant  his  sugar  lands:  this  he  himself 
acknowledged;  from  this  circumstance  and  from  several  other 
limits  I  plainly  understood  I  was  not  to  expect  any  ready  money 
with  his  daughter  at  least  no  considerable  sum:  he  hinted  that 
if  you  should  not  be  contented  with  an  equal  division  between 
all  the  children  to  take  place  at  his  death,  a  certain  sum  might 
be  agreed  upon,  as  a  portion  for  the  young  lady  to  carry  interest 
till  the  principal  should  be  payed  off.  he  will  undoubtedly  expect 
a  great  part  of  yr  estate  to  be  settled  on  me  and  the  issue  of  the 
marriage,  but  these  matters  I  leave  entirely  to  yr  own  discretion 
&  pleasure.  I  shall  just  here  insert  a  few  general  terms  which 
Mr  Graves  at  my  request  was  so  obliging  as  to  set  down  upon 
paper:  I  have  shown  them  to  Baker,  he  read  them  &  said  he 
would  return  an  answer  when  I  received  one  to  my  letter  from 
Paris :  as  I  wrote  in  the  latter  end  of  Septbr  and  sent  a  copy  of 
that  letter  in  the  beginning  of  Octobr  I  may  expect  an  answer 
from  you  in  February  or  March. 


General  terms 
I  think  I  mentioned  in  my  last  the  company  or  set  Mr  Graves 
has  introduced  me  to :  perhaps  you  may  he  desirous  to  know  who 
they  are:  the  following  are  the  principal  men:  Mr  Hussey 
attorney  general  to  the  queen:  Mr  Barington  my  lord  Baring- 
ton's  brother  and  one  of  the  welch  Judges,  Mr  Prat  member  of 
Pari*  and  nephew  to  the  chief  Justice.  Mr  Camphion  membr  of 
Pari*  and  sometimes  Doctor  Hay  favours  us  with  his  company. 
Mr  Hussey  has  desired  me  when  I  return  to  Maryland  to  send 
the  company  a  buck :  as  I  shall  be  detained  here  longer  than  he 
imagines  I  should  be  greatly  obliged  to  you  if  you  could  send 
me  one  by  the  first  oportunity ;.  it  must  be  cut  up  into  several 
joints,  each  joint  covered  with  bay  salt  and  closely  packed  in  a 
separate  box:  he  says  he  has  eat  many  sent  from  Virginia  in 
that  manner  which  proved  exceeding  good.  I  desire  my  cousin 
Each:  Darnall  may  be  intrusted  with  this  commission  Pray 
present  her  with  my  compliments  and  acknowledge*  for  the 
regard  and  tender  concern  she  seems  to  bare  me.  I  shall  answer 
her  letter  which  I  have  just  received  by  Hanson :  you  no  doubt 
hav  heard  of  Mr  Wilke's  fate:  he  has  been  expelled  from  the 
house  of  commons,  but  took  care  previously  to  withdraw  to 
Prance  it  was  said  great  wagers  were  laid  wether  he  would 
return  or  not  before  the  meeting  of  the  Parlia*.  I  would  like 
to  have  laid  a  considerable  sum  that  he  would  not  return  so 
persuaded  was  I  that  he  never  intended  to  return. 

N :  B :  the  6  3P  C*  will  not  be  thought  sufficient  settlement  I 
am  told  that  settlements  are  frequently  made  at  the  rate  of  8  3P 
C*  the  going  to  America  will  no  Doubt  be  made  a  reason  for 
demanding  a  larger  settlement  on  my  Wife  in  case  of  my  death : 
a  woman  that  abandons  father,  mother,  &  all  her  relations  out  of 
love  for  her  husband  deserves  a  handsome  jointure.  I  beg  to  be 
remembered  to  my  friends  in  particular  to  John  Darnall,  Rich : 
Croxall  &  Capt.  Carroll. 

I  have  sent  you  a  copy  of  Mr  Baker's  letter  not  caring  to  part 
with  the  original.  I  have  not  as  yet  seen  Mr  Diggs  as  I  am  but 
lately  arrived  in  town,  you  may  depend  on  my  treating  him 



with  that  civility  which  is  due  to  a  gentleman  you  esteem.  I 
have  spoke  to  Mr  Bird  about  the  toko  man :  he  will  endeavor  to 
find  one  out  to  go  on  the  terms  proposed :  but  he  doubts  wether  a 
good  workman  can  be  engaged  to  leave  England  on  such  terms, 
as  they  earn  a  great  deal  of  money  &  have  constant  employ*: 
Kelty  has  delivered  the  Pedigree  it  shall  be  copied  &  sent  to 
Mr  Witten  by  some  safe  oportunity:  I  have  received  no  letters 
from  that  gentleman  this  long  while.  I  am  Dr  Papa 
Yr  affectionate  &  dutifull 

Son  Cha:  Carroll. 
Some  General  terms. 

It  being  supposed  that  Mr  B :  after  every  debt  payed  is  worth 
£50,000  and  that  he  has  but  5  Children  and  intends  to  make 
them  all  equal  in  their  fortune. 

What  sum  as  a  portion  to  his  daughter  will  Mr  B.  absolutely 
secure  on  her  marriage  to  carry  interest  from  that  time  &  untill 
the  principal  be  payed 

And  what  further  fortune  may  she  reasonably  expect  at  his 
death  under  his  promise  to  make  her  equal  to  any  other  child  ? 
In  consideration  of  the  above  supposing  Mr  C's  father  to  be 
worth  £460,000 

What  portion  thereof  will  Mr  B.  expect  to  be  settled  on  the 
marriage  ? 

And  of  what  shall  be  so  settled  how  much  for  life  upon  the 
wife  (if  she  survive)  as  a  Jointure,  how  much  upon  the  younger 
Child  or  Children? 

And  Provided  there  be  no  son  of  such  marriage  but  one  or 
more  daughters  how  much  of  the  above  settlement  to  go  to  such 
daur  or  daurs  &  how  much  thereof  to  revert  to  the  disposal  of 
Mr  C.? 

A  List  or  valuation  of  the  Estates  of  Jn°  Baker  Esq1"  in  the 
Island  of  S*  Croix  in  America  viz. 

A  Plantation  called  Concordia  ab*  480  acres  of  Land  with 
Buildings  proper  for  making  sugr  &  Rum.  about  150  negroes. 
30  to  40  head  of  cattle  &  mules.  &  now  in  a  condition  to  make 
communibus  annis  300  hhds  sugr  &  150  hhds  of  Rum,  but  yearly 


improve^  &  will  I  suppose  in  the  space  of  4  or  5  years  make  at 
Least  400  hhds  of  sugr  &  200  hhds  of  Bum. 

Another  Plantation  called  Plessens  in  wch  Mr  Baker  is  one 
moyety  concerned,  the  whole  containing  900  acres  of  Land  with 
Buildings  proper  for  making  sugr  &  Bum,  about  300  to  350 
negroes  about  40  head  of  Mules  &  Cattle  &  now  in  a  condition 
to  make  in  the  whole  500  hhds  Sugr  &  250  hhds  of  Bum  but 
yearly  improve^  &  will  I  suppose  in  the  space  of  4  or  5  years  be 
capable  of  makes  at  least  700  to  800  hhds  of  Sugr  &  350  to  400 
hhds  of  Bum,  so  that  Mr  Bakers  moyety  being  added  to  his  own 
Produce  will  be  as  follows  viz. 

The  Produce  of  Concordia  at  psent  450  hhds  of  sugr  &  Bum 
at  71  sterg  <P  hhd  clear  of  freight  Insurance  &  commissions  &c 
£3150  .0.0 

one  moyety  of  the  Produce  of  Plessens  at  psent  375  hhds 

of  sugr  &  Bum  at  71  sterS  <$  hhd  clear  of  charges         2625 

673780         5775 

out  of  wch  you  are  to  deduct  the  annual  charges  of  Each  Plant3- 
viz.  for  overseers  wages  taxes  Doctors  fees  mortality  of  negroes 
&  Cattle,  feeding  the  negroes.  Boards,  staves  &  hoopes  &  all 
other  charges  about  20001  sterS  for  both  Estates  in  their  present 
condition  deduct  2000. 

nett  produce  yearly  in  the  present  condition. 

But  as  the  Plantations  are  not  as  yet  come  to  their  full  perfec- 
tion &  that  in  case  of  war,  the  nett  value  of  sugr  &  Bum  may  be 
101  <$  hhd  or  upwards,  I  think  the  nett  produce  of  the  whole 
may  be  justly  rated  at  Eour  thousand  five  Hundred  pounds 
sterS  <$■  annum  communibus  annis  for  the  next  Twenty  years 
to  come  &  may  be  much  more. 

Bath  22d  Dber  1763. 

The  foregoing  is  a  just  &  true  acco*  or  valuation  of  the  Estates 


or  Plantations  of  Jn°  Baker  Esqr  in  the  Island  of  S*  Croix  to 
the  Best  of  my  Knowledge  wch  I  will  at  any  time  confirm  on 
oath  if  required  witness  my  hand 

K  Tuite 

Feb  27th  1764.     [105] 
Dr  Charley 

Yrs  of  the  11th  of  Octo:  1763  I  answered  the  9th  &  10th  of 
last  Janry  immediately  on  the  Kieceit  of  it.  I  have  since  yrs  of 
the  12th  of  Novr  wch  I  was  in  hopes  before  I  opened  it  would 
have  informed  me  whether  you  had  Mr  Bakers  Consent  to  pay 
yr :  respects  to  his  Daughter  and  whether  he  was  the  man  of  th* 
fortune  you  expected ;  this  you  might  have  known  from  the  6**1 
to  the  12th  of  Eovr  you  might  have  also  informed  me  why  you 
did  not  bring  Mr  Crookshanks  Introductory  Letter  with  you. 
You  ought  to  have  mentioned  the  Dates  of  such  of  my  letters  as 
had  reached  you.  Dr  Charley  if  you  would  give  yr  self  time  to 
reflect  w*  my  concern  &  anxiety  must  be,  you  would  have  been 
as  particular  as  it  was  in  yr  power  to  be.  Should  Mr  Bakers 
objection  be  agst  his  Daughters  leaving  him,  if  he  be  a  good 
natured  sensible  man,  he  may  come  with  his  Daughter  &  retire 
with  me  to  Elkridge  where  we  may  pass  the  remainder  of  our 
lives  in  an  easy  retirement  becoming  &  I  think  agreeable  to  old 
men.  In  th*  case  I  shall  surrender  my  house  in  Annapolis  to 
you,  being  desirous  on  my  part  to  remove  every  difficulty  or 
objection  th*  may  have  the  appearance  of  reason,  to  promote  yr 
happiness.  I  write  but  little  because  you  may  at  this  time  be 
preparing  for  yr  Voyage  to  Maryland,  in  th*  case  I  pray  to  God 
to  grant  you  a  safe  &  pleasant  one.    I  am  Dr  Charley 

Yr  Mo:  Affte  Father 

Febry  28th  1764.      [106] 
Dr  Charley 

This  is  only  to  inform  you  I  this  day  Reced  yrs  of  the  8th  of 
Dec1".  If  you  like  the  Lady  I  hope  her  merit  may  in  a  great 
measure  make  up  for  w*  her  fortune  may  fall  short  of  yr  expec- 


tation.  Act  with  Caution.  May  God  direct  you.  What  you 
say  about  Mr  Ireland  will  be  most  wellcome  News  to  him  &  he 
will  thank  Lady  Webb.  As  Mr  Baker  has  other  Children  my 
invitation  to  him  to  come  here  is  at  an  end.  You  leave  me  in 
the  greatest  state  of  uncertainty,  could  you  not  learn  w*  Mr 
Baker  is  supposed  to  be  worth,  where  his  Estate  Lays,  of  w*  it 
consists,  w*  sum  you  suppose  he  may,  or  may  be  able  to  give  bis 
Daughter.  I  suppose  you  had  some  information  as  to  these 
particulars  &  to  many  more  before  you  wrote  to  him.  I  cannot 
write  to  you  as  fully  as  I  would  do  were  you  more  Explicit. 
I  am  My  Dr  Charley 

YrMo:  aff*  Father 

27th  Febry  1764.  [107] 
Dr  Papa, 

My  last  was  dated  the  27  of  Janr^  this  goes  by  Cap13  Mac- 
gachan,  by  whom  you  will  receive  the  news-papers  &  magazines. 

Mr  Lee  proposes  to  return  soon  to  Maryland,  he  will  be  so 
obliging  as  to  bring  with  him  Wards  Medicines  &  the  long- 
promised  f rench  Pamphlets :  but  I  hope  you  will  not  be  under  a 
necessity  of  making  me  [torn]  the  medicines.  I  find  myself 
much  mended  since  my  last  &  in  better  spirits.  I  keep  at  pres- 
ent a  couple  of  horses :  my  Phya  recommended  riding  &  as  I  find 
that  exercise  suits  best  my  constitution,  I  shall  continue  to  keep 
horses  as  long  as  I  remain  in  England. 

By  the  newspapers  you  will  learn  the  fate  of  Mr  Wilkes,  and 
the  event  of  the  debates  in  the  house  of  Commons  subseq*  to  that 
gentlemen's  expulsion  and  in  consequence  of  a  complaint  made 
by  him  while  a  member  of  a  breach  of  Privilege  on  being 
arrested  and  his  papers  seized  by  the  Secretary's  warrant:  the 
compl*  against  Webb  &  Wood  was  discharged:  The  legality  of 
the  warrant  as  the  house  sat  till  6  next  morning  was  adjourn'd 
to  the  friday  following:  each  party  mustered  all  their  force  for 
that  important  day:  the  house  ressembled  more  a  hospital  than 
a  Senate.  Sr  Lawrence  Dundass  was  bro*  upon  a  couch  into 
the  house  just  before  the  division  &  carried  out  in  the  same  man- 


rier  when  he  divided  with  the  ministry:  the  division  was  upon 
the  previous  question  being  put;  the  ministry  not  daring  to  go 
into  the  general  question  concerning  the  legality  or  illegality 
of  the  warrant:  that  question  has  been  adjourned  for  4  months 
that  is  entirely  put  off.  A  Bill  will  soon  be  bro*  into  the  house 
for  taxing  America:  tis  said  a  duty  will  be  laid  upon  stamped 
paper.  Mr  Baker  is  in  town  I  am  impatient  to  receive  yr 
answer :  wishing  you  health  I  am  Dr  Papa 

Yr  loving  Son 
Ch:  Carroll. 

21  March  1764.  [108] 
Dr  Papa 

Cap*  Kelty  will  deliver  you  this  and  the  following  books  & 
Pamphlets :  the  natural  history  of  Kamschatska :  Orme's  history 
of  Indostan  lately  published:  the  second  volume  of  Warner's 
Irish  history  is  not  yet  come  out:  Gahagan's  cannot  be  had  at 
present  there  being  none  in  town.  Lord  Clives  letter,  2  numbers 
of  the  votes  of  the  house  of  Commons,  the  newspapers  &  one 
magazine:  the  royal  french  Almanack,  6  Pamphlets  relative  to 
the  Jesuites:  I  shall  send  by  Mr  Lee  or  Cap*  Hanson  Wards 
medicines  as  also  my  journal,  Accounts,  &  the  dessertations 
upon  the  Irish  history  you  wrote  for. 

I  have  greatly  exceeded  this  last  year  my  allowance  of  £300 
by  my  journey  to  Holland  &  France,  but  I  expect  to  be  amply 
repaid  the  expence  of  that  expedition  in  the  possession  of  a  sensi- 
ble, agreeable  &  virtuous  woman. 

I  have  just  purchased  for  15  guineas  a  theodolyte  the  com- 
pleatest  instrument  for  surveying  that  can  be  had:  if  I  should 
have  large  tracts  of  land  to  survey  a  wheel  will  be  necessary: 
the  price  is  5  guineas :  however  it  will  be  time  enough  when  by 
experience  I  have  found  a  wheel  to  be  necessary,  to  order  one  in. 

I  have  got  the  Genealogy  copied  &  am  waiting  for  an  opor- 
tunity  to  get  it  conveyed  to  Mr  Whitten.  By  the  newspapers 
you  will  see  the  french  Jesuites  have  received  the  finishing 


By  the  votes  I  sent  you,  you  will  see  the  different  taxes  that 
have  just  been  laid  on  the  colonies:  the  Merchants  have  peti- 
tioned against  the  taking  off  the  drawbacks  upon  coarse  linens 
alledging  it  to  be  of  great  detriment  to  the  trade  of  this  kingdom 
that  it  will  occasion  the  setting  up  linen  manufactures  in  North 
America :  I  am  informed  that  Mr  Greenville  said  in  answer  to 
the  Merchants  that  the  grievances  complained  of  should  be 
examined  into,  and  if  found  liable  to  the  above  exceptions,  some 
other  tax  less  detrimental  might  be  substituted  in  its  stead. 

Should  my  marriage  with  Miss  Baker  not  take  place  I  shall 
leave  England  in  the  Autumn:  I  impatiently  wish  to  be  with 
you.  I  am  rather  of  opinion  that  I  shall  not  succeed  with  Miss 
Baker,  supposing  even  upon  a  better  acquaintance  I  should  find 
she  answers  the  character  all  her  friends  give  her :  the  going  to 
America  is  a  prodigious  objection  to  young  ladies:  should  Miss 
Baker's  good  sense  &  inclinations  overcome  this  objection,  her 
mother  will  never  be  brought  to  consent  to  her  daughter's  part- 
ing from  her  especially  as  there  will  be  little  hope  of  their  ever 
meeting  again  in  this  life:  had  I  known  the  mother  before  I 
opened  the  affair  to  Mr  Baker  I  should  have  entirely  dropt  the 
thoughts  of  that  marriage. 

I  have  sent  you  the  gentlemen's  register  instead  of  Killers, 
as  it  is  much  more  perfect  &  correct.  Pray  present  my  kind 
compliments  to  my  Cousin  Each.  Darnall  &  to  her  daughters: 
remember  me  to  John  Darnall  &  Rich :  Croxall :  I  am  Dr  P : 

Yr  most  affectionate  & 
dutiful  son  Ch :  Carroll. 

P :  S :  I  had  just  finished  the  above  when  I  received  your  long 
&  much  expected  letter  of  the  9  Janry  in  mine  of  the  27  of  the 
same  month  you  have  as  full  and  as  circumstantial  an  account 
as  I  can  give  of  Mr  Baker's  circumstances  &  family :  all  I  could 
say  upon  that  subject  at  present  would  be  useless  repetition. 
Mr  Baker  &  his  Lady  will  be  in  town  in  about  a  fortnight :  but 
not  to  lose  time  I  shall  write  to  him  &  inclose  a  copy  of  your 
letter  or  at  least  of  such  parts  as  I  judge  most  proper  to  be  com- 


municated:  matrimony  is  an  affair  of  too  much  weight  &  im- 
portance to  be  precipitated:  it  will  require  some  time  to  know 
the  young  lady's  temper  &  disposition :  but  you  may  be  assured 
I  shall  use  all  the  expedition  consistent  with  prudence  &  decency 
to  bring  the  affair  to  a  speedy  conclusion.  I  have  always  been 
and  still  am  as  desirous  as  ever  to  return:  and  as  the  match  is 
concluded  or  broke  off  that  minute  will  I  prepare  for  my  voya. 
I  told  Mr  Baker  at  our  first  enterview  that  my  interest  and 
more  particularly  my  inclination  led  me  to  live  in  America;  he 
hinted  that  during  your  life  there  was  no  necessity  for  my 
returning  home.  I  made  him  this  answer.  You  know  little  of 
me,  Sir,  and  do  me  injustice  to  imagine  that  I  can  be  prevailed 
on  to  live  absent  from  a  father,  whom  I  most  tenderly  love,  to 
whose  company  &  conversation  I  would  willingly  sacrifice  every 
other  enjoy*  should  I  not  discover  the  utmost  ingratitude  & 
cruelty  in  complying  with  so  unnatural  a  proposal,  even  sup- 
posing my  Father's  consent  to  it  could  be  obtained  ?  &  indeed, 
Sir,  his  consent  would  give  me  great  concern  &  uncaring  as  it 
Avould  betray  a  cool  indifference,  which  I  should  merit,  were  I 
even  to  suffer  such  a  proposal  to  be  made. 

This  short  &  firm  reply  convinced  Mr  Baker  he  must  adopt 
this  alternative  either  to  lose  his  daughter  if  the  match  should 
take  place,  or  brake  it  off  immediately,  as  he  did  not  think 
proper  to  do  the  latter,  he  was  then  willing  to  make  a  sacrifice 
of  his  fondness  to  his  daughter's  welfare  &  happiness :  But  since 
my  acquaintance  with  Mrs  Baker  wether  influenced  by  her  or  by 
a  discovery  of  something  disagreeable  in  me,  he  has  shewn  rather 
too  much  indifference  to  be  thought  desirous  of  the  marriage: 
this  may  be  only  surmise  or  perhaps  owing  to  his  temper,  or  to 
care  &  disappointments:  be  it  as  it  will  in  my  letter  I  shall 
acquaint  him  of  the  settlement  you  propose  to  make,  the  neces- 
sity of  my  returning  to  Maryland  and  that  too  as  soon  as  possi- 
ble after  the  marriage:  and  desire  him  to  recommend  to  the 
earnest  consideration  of  his  Lady  wether  she  can  sacrifice 
maternal  fondness  to  her  daughters  inclinations :  wether  or  no  I 
can  prevail  upon  the  young  lady  to  accompany  me  to  America 


will  depend  upon  her  affection  for,  or  her  dislike  to  me :  But  if 
the  mother  thinks  she  is  not  mistress  of  sufficient  resolution  to 
surmount  the  parting  with  her  daughter,  the  affair  is  at  an  end 
&  and  you  may  expect  me  in  this  next  summer  or  in  the  fall : 
I  chuse  rather  to  forego  my  own  happiness  than  make  a  Parent 
miserable.    Believe  me  to  be  Dr  Papa 

Yr  most  affectionate  and 
dutiful  son 
March  23d  1764.  Ch :  Carroll. 



The  second  Maryland  regiment  was  raised  in  the  City  of 
Baltimore  by  the  government  and  the  field  officers  were  ap- 
pointed by  the  President.  On  leaving  Baltimore  for  the  North 
Carolina  campaign  it  numbered  953  men.  Shortly  after  arriv- 
ing at  Newbern,  N.  C,  the  Colonel  resigned,  and  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Duryee  commanded  the  regiment  through  Burnside's 
campaign  in  North  Carolina. 

In  the  Maryland  campaign,  the  Second  Maryland  took  an 
active  part  in  the  battles  of  South  Mountain  and  Antietam. 
At  Antietam  it  was  the  first  regiment  to  assault  the  stone  (Burn- 
side's)  bridge  at  10  a.  m.  on  the  17th  September,  1862.  It 
made  many  attempts  without  the  support  of  artillery  to  carry 
the  bridge  on  which  was  concentrated  the  fire  of  Longstreet's 
artillery  and  rifleman,  and  in  consequence  suffered  many 

Jacob  Eugene  Duryee  was  a  private  in  Company  F,  Seventh 
regiment,  New  York  State  Militia,  when  it  was  mustered  into 
the  United  States  service  April  17th,  1861.  He  was  appointed 
First  Lieutenant,  Company  G,  Fifth  Regiment,  NT.  Y.  Vols., 

1  Condensed  from  documents  presented  to  the  Society  by  General  Duryee, 
which  contain  numerous  references  to  the  "  War  of  the  Rebellion  Records  " 
and  other  sources,  as  to  the  services  of  the  regiment. 


May  10,  1861 ;  was  promoted  Captain,  and  on  September  21st, 
1861,  was  appointed  Lieutenant-Colonel,  Second  Maryland 
Regiment  Volunteers  by  President  Lincoln.  On  March  13th, 
1865,  was  brevetted  Colonel,  and  Brigadier-General  "  for  gal- 
lant and  meritorious  services.''  Col.  Duryee  was  in  command 
of  the  Second  Maryland  during  the  campaigns  in  North  Caro- 
lina, under  General  Burnside;  in  the  Army  of  Virginia  under 
General  Pope ;,  and  the  Maryland  campaign  under  General  Mc- 
Clellan,  doing  double  duty  as  Colonel  and  Lieutenant-Colonel. 
In  the  short  space  of  less  than  three  weeks  he  lead  his  regiment 
through  five  battles  and  many  severe  and  hazardous  skirmishes, 
his  losses  amounting  to  212  men  on  the  battlefield,  and  more 
than  that  number  by  sickness,  owing  to  the  fact  that  when 
the  regiment  was  raised  there  were  no  physical  examinations. 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Duryee  had  been  appointed  Colonel  by 
General  Burnside  during  the  North  Carolina  campaign,  subject 
to  the  approval  of  Governor  Bradford,  who  had  given  him  his 
Lieutenant-Colonel's  commission  to  date  from  September  21st, 
1861.  A  petition  for  the  confirmation  of  this  appointment 
was  sent  to  the  Governor  signed  by  all  of  the  officers  of  the 
regiment,  and  strongly  urged  by  the  Brigade  Commander,  Gen- 
eral Reno,  and  the  commanding  officer  of  the  Department,  Gen- 
eral Burnside.  The  Governor  refused,  his  reason  being  that 
the  Lieutenant-Colonel  was  a  native  of  a  northern  state.  As 
the  regiment  had  never  been  in  action  before  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Duryee  took  command,  and  as  he  had  led  it  through  seven  en- 
gagements and  seen  it  reduced  in  number  to  less  than  a  com- 
pany, he  felt  that  great  injustice  had  been  done  and  tendered 
his  resignation  by  the  advice  of  General  A.  E.  Burnside. 

Colonel  Duryee's  statement  of  the  reasons  for  his  resignation 
follow,  verbatim: 

Shortly  after  the  Battle  of  Antietam  I  decided  to  resign  as 
I  had  heard  that  Governor  Bradford  had  been  on  the  field,  and 
had  ignored  us,  not  even  visiting  the  regiment  or  our  cowshed 
hospital  where  so  many  brave  Maryland  soldiers  lay  wounded 
and  dying.     We  needed  the  Governor's  sympathy,  besides  our 


wants  were  many,  especially  for  medical  supplies,  etc.  When 
I  saw  the  governors  of  other  States,  Governor  Morgan  of  New 
York,  Curtin  of  Pennsylvania,  Andrews  of  Massachusetts,  and 
many  others  doing  their  best  to  alleviate  the  sufferings  of  the 
soldiers  of  their  respective  States,  my  heart  went  out  to  my 
poor  men  who  had  fought  so  bravely.  Then  to  feel  that  I  was 
entirely  unable  to  help  them  at  this  time  of  their  great  distress, 
made  the  matter  to  me  very  trying. 

It  came  very  hard  upon  the  regiment  as  we  only  had  our 
good  surgeon  Theodore  Dimon,  to  rely  upon.  Our  very  able 
assistant  surgeon,  Joseph  E.  Beatty,  had  been  detailed  by  Gen- 
eral Reno  and  left  in  charge  of  the  hospital  on  the  battlefield 
of  Chantilly,  about  two  weeks  previous,  and  had  not  yet  re- 
turned. In  fact,  he  did  not  report  for  duty  until  after  I  had 
left  the  regiment.  Owing  to  these  unfortunate  circumstances, 
great  responsibilities  fell  on  the  shoulders  of  Surgeon  Dimon 
who  did  all  a  man  could  do  for  the  suffering  men.  When  there 
were  so  many  that  needed  prompt  attention,  it  was  only  possible 
to  give  to  very  few  the  proper  care  they  should  have  had,  owing 
to  the  great  number  of  the  wounded. 

After  giving  the  matter  serious  reflection,  I  made  out  my 
resignation  and  went  to  the  Headquarters  of  General  Burnside. 
The  General  received  me  kindly.  I  then  told  him  of  my  in- 
tention, at  the  same  time  handing  him  the  paper.  He  promptly 
returned  it,  asking  very  decidedly  and  firmly  that  we  would 
not  accept  it.  I  then  said :  "  General,  at  reveille  this  morning 
less  than  100  men  answered  the  roll  call,  out  of  953  men  who 
had  reported  to  you  in  North  Carolina  for  duty  in  April,  not 
five  months  ago. 

"  In  these  three  strenuous  campaigns  just  ended,  I  have  com- 
manded the  regiment  in  every  battle  and  engagement,  actually 
filling  two  positions,  while  the  Colonel  who  had  been  com- 
missioned by  the  Governor  and  had  never  commanded,  in  fact 
had  never  seen  the  regiment,  was  in  Baltimore  during  these 
most  trying  times. " 

To  this  statement  of  facts  the  General  patiently  listened, 


but  was  still  obdurate,  until  I  said:  "General,  did  Governor 
Bradford  call  on  you  when  he  visited  the  field  a  few  days  ago  ?  " 
He  replied :  "  He  did  not,  but  I  suppose  he  visited  the  wounded, 
and  dying  men  of  your  brave  regiment  ?  "  When  I  said :  "  He 
did  not,"  the  General's  countenance  seemed  to  change,  now  it 
showed  deep  sympathy,  he  said :  "  Colonel,  I  cannot  accept 
your  resignation,  but  let  me  sleep  over  it  and  come  again  to 
Headquarters  to-morrow  morning,  and  I  will  give  you  an 

The  next  morning  I  went  to  Headquarters  for  General  Burn- 
side's  answer.  The  General  took  me  cordially  by  the  hand, 
saying :  "  I  have  carefully  gone  over  during  the  night,  your 
request  of  yesterday.  I  accept  your  resignation.  I  see  no 
other  course,  for  as  matters  appear  to  me  now,  you  would  not 
get  any  assistance  from  the  Governor  to  help  you  recruit  the 
regiment."  I  replied  that  I  had  never  seen  Governor  Brad- 
ford. All  correspondence  in  regard  to  his  commissioning  me 
Colonel  had  been  done  by  the  Generals  over  me  and  by  the 
officers  of  the  regiment.  That  I  was  under  the  impression 
that  it  would  be  sometime  before  the  regiment  would  be  engaged 
in  very  active  service  as  our  ranks  had  been  so  thinned  out. 
In  this  I  was  right,  for  the  regiment  was  not  engaged  in  any 
battle  for  over  a  year,  with  the  exception  of  the  unfortunate 
battle  of  Fredericksburg,  December  12th,  1862. 

General  Burnside  said  "  Colonel,  I  accept  your  resignation 
with  regret,  and  especially  that  it  should  be  entirely  owing  to 
the  unjustified  treatment  you  and  your  regiment  have  received 
from  the  Executive  of  the  State  of  Maryland."  I  then  returned 
to  camp,  formed  the  remnant  of  the  few  brave  soldiers  left  in 
the  regiment  and  bade  them  farewell,  shaking  hands  with  every- 
one. I  could  plainly  see  by  the  expression  on  the  face  of  every 
man  that  they  all  regretted  my  going  fully  as  much  as  I  did 
leaving  them. 

The  fatalities  of  the  regiment  were :  Killed  or  died  of  wounds, 
5  officers  and  84  men;  from  accidents,  disease  and  in  prison, 
3  officers  and  148  men;  total  240. 


At  the  battle  of  Antietam  the  following  were  killed  or  died 
of  wounds: 

Captain  Malcolm  Wilson,  Company  F. 
Captain  James  A.  Martin,  Company  E. 
William  Barman,  Private,  Company  A. 
George  W.  Connelly,  Private,  Company  A. 
James  S.   Clark,   Sergeant,   Company  A. 
Charles  Hanptman,  Corporal,  Company  A. 
James  Keily,  Private,  Company  A. 
Christian  Lookert,  Private,  Company  A. 
Harry  Stewart,  Sergeant,  Company  A. 
George  Waltzen,  Private,  Company  A. 
John  Q.  Adams,  Private,  Company  C. 
James  K.  Klumper,  Private,  Company  E. 
John  Frazier,  Private,  Company  F. 
John  Osborn,  Color  Sergeant. 
Joseph  Clark,   Sergeant,  Company  H. 
W.  Kelly,  Private,  Company  H. 
P.  Daily,  Private,  Company  I. 
Jacob  Muller,  Private,  Company  K. 
Martin  Becker,  Private,  Company  K. 
Albert  Bayer,  Drummer. 

Among  the  forty-seven  wounded  were  the  following  com- 
missioned officers : 

Captain  John  M.  Santmeyer,  Company  H. 
Captain  James  D.  Spangler,  Company  A. 
Lieutenant  Thomas  L.  Matthews,  Company  A. 
Lieutenant  William  McLoughlin,  Company  D. 




{Copyrighted,  1911) 

1.  Anthony  LeCompte  1  was  born  in  Picardy,  France,  and 
died  during  the  autumn  of  1673,  in  Dorchester  County, 
Maryland.  In  1655-6,  he  appears  in  the  province  of  Mary- 
land, as  the  following  entry  among  the  land  records  attests : 
"  I  Antoine  LeCompte  do  give  all  my  right  and  title  to 
Ishmael  Wright  and  my  man's  Llenry  Mites  right  and  title 
which  is  the  200  acres  due  to  me.  As  witness  my  hand, 
7th  February,  1655." 

(Signed)   Anthoine  Le  Compt. 
(L.  O.,  Q.  440.441). 

In  1658-9,  Anthony  LeCompte  appears  as  patentee  of 
a  free-hold  in  Calvert  County,  known  as  "  Compton,"  and 
containing  75  acres,  originally  surveyed  8  August,  1651, 
for  Ishmael  Wright,  on  the  North  side  of  the  Patuxent 
River  (Calvert  County  Rent  Rolls).  Ishmael  Wright  ac- 
quired title  to  "  Compton  "  in  consideration  of  the  trans- 
porting of  himself  and  Anne  his  wife,  into  the  Province, 
and  assigned  the  same  to  Antoine  LeCompte,  11  Feb- 
ruary, 1658  (L.  O.,  Q.  401). 

Under  an  entry  of  12  March  1658,  one  Arthur  Wright 
demands  land  for  transporting  Katharine  his  wife,  Wil- 
liam Squire,  Thomas  Middleton,  Elizabeth  Holston:  and 
Thomas  Raymond,  Barbara  Crouch,  Thomas  Jones,  trans- 
ported by  Antoine  LeCompte.  Warrant  then  issued  to 
lay  out  for  Arthur  Wright  and  Anthoine  Le  Compt  700 
acres  upon  "  the  Eastern  Shore  "  (L.  O.,  Q.  440.  441). 

"  Whereas,  on  the  12  March  1658,  warrant  issued  for 
700  acres  of  land  upon  the  Eastern  Shore  to  Anth°. 
Lecompte  and  Arthur  Wright,  ret.  29  September  foil. — 
which  said  warrant  being  given  up,  the  said  Anthony  Le- 
Compte hath  taken  new  warrant  in  his  own  name.  War- 
rant inde  for  700  acres  on  the  Eastern  Shore,  return  25 
December  next,  to  the  said  Anthony  LeCompt."  (ib.  iv.  61). 

On  13  August  1659,  there  was  laid  out  for  Anthony  Le 


Compte  of  this  Province,  planter,  a  parcel  of  land  called 
"  St.  Anthoine  "  (or  "  Antonine"),  lying  on  the  East  side 
of  the  Chesapeake  Bay,  and  on  the  South  side  of  the  Chop- 
tank  River,  in  Home's  Bay,  containing  800  acres  (L.  0., 
iv.  244:  Dorchester  County  Rent  Rolls). 

The  aforesaid  tract  was  acquired  by  Anthony  LeCompte, 
17  January  1659,  "in  consideration  that  Anthony  Le 
Compte  hath  transported  Thomas  Raymond,  Barbara 
Crouch,  and  Thomas  Jones  into  this  Province:  and  hath 
further  due  to  him  by  assignment  of  Mary  Guilford  the 
land  (200  acres)  due  to  her  for  transporting  herself  and 
Barnes  Johnson ;  and  also,  by  the  assignment  of  Emperour 
Smith,  the  land  due  to  him  for  transporting  himself,  Rob- 
ert Bailey  and  William  Major.  Granted  unto  said  An- 
thony Le  Compte  the  land  called  "  St.  Anthony,"  on  the 
East  side  of  Chesapeake  Bay,  and  the  South  side  of  the 
Choptank  River,  in  Home  Bay,  800  acres."  (L.  O.,  iv, 

Shortly  after  this,  Anthony  LeCompte  returned  to 
France,  where  he  met  his  future  wife,  took  her  over  to 
London  to  be  married,  and  then  returned  to  Maryland.  On 
2  March,  1662/3,  "  came  Antonio  LeCompte  and  enters 
four  rights,  viz*.,  for  his  wife  Easter,  John  Goteer,  Andrew 
Gundry  and  Ambrose,  for  which  he  demands  warranty' ' 
which  was  accordingly  issued  for  200  acres,  of  date  21  Feb- 
ruary, 1662  (L.  O.,  v.  243).  On  22  Feby.  1664,  a 
"  Patent  of  Denization "  was  granted  to  Antoine  Le 
Compte,  his  wife  and  children  (Md.  Arch,  in,  513). 

On  18  March  1662,  we  find  the  following  entry:  "I 
Andrew  Skinner  of  this  Province,  do  alienate,  etc.  unto 
Mounsier  Anthony  Compt,  land  called  "  Compton,"  in 
Dividing  Creek,  on  the  north  side  of  the  Choptank  River." 
This  tract  consisted  of  100  acres,  in  Talbot  county,  and  was 
originally  laid  out  for  Andrew  Skinner  (by  assignment 
from  James  Smith).  On  26  April  1663,  Anthony  Le 
Compte  assigned  his  rights  to  John  Edmondson,  who 
assigned  the  same  to  James  Elvard,  merchant  (L.  O.,  vii, 
120,  125). 

In  the  Proceedings  of  the  Maryland  Assembly  held  at 
Patuxent,  24  September,  1657,  among  the  "  severall 
charges  to  be  Satisfied  by  way  of  Levie  out  of  the  County 
of  Patuxent,"  we  find  a  bill  allowed  to  Anthony  LeCompte 


for  killing  three  wolves,  amounting  to  300  lbs.  of  tobacco 
(Md.  Arch,  i,  365). 

In  the  Proceedings  of  April-May ,  1669,  out  of  the  assess- 
ments of  the  Province  charged  to  the  several  counties,  there 
were  due  to  Anthony  LeCompte,  as  of  Talbot  county,  2022 
lbs.  of  tobacco  (ib.  n,  231). 

On  6  May,  1669,  Anthony  LeCompte  was  appointed  a 
Justice  of  Dorchester  County,  which  office  he  held  until 
1671  (Md.  Arch,  v,  52-53:  Liber  C-D,  431). 

The  will  of  Anthony  LeCompte,  of  Dorchester  County, 
Maryland,  was  made  9  September  1673,  and  filed  25 
October  1673  (Annapolis,  Wills  i,  562).  He  leaves  to  his 
eldest  son,  John  Le  Compte,  all  his  "  land  on  the  other  side 
of  the  creek,  south  from  my  house,  with  50  acres  I  bought 
of  Wm.  Willoughby  " :  all  the  remainder  of  his  lands, 
equally,  to  his  sons  Moses,  Philip  and  Anthony  LeCompte : 
to  his  eldest  daughter  Hester  Le  Compte,  8  cows :  to  Nicho- 
las Trippe,  one  cow:  and  appoints  his  wife  Hester  Le 
Compte  sole  executrix.  The  will  was  witnessed  by  Jacob 
Seth,  Jno.  Snookes  and  Margaret  Bryant. 

Anthony  Le  Compte  married  11  July  1661,  in  London, 
England,  Esther  Dottando  (or,  Dotlando).  She  was  a 
native  of  Dieppe,  in  Normandy,  Erance.  The  marriage 
record  is  given  in  the  register  of  St.  Helen's,  Bishopsgate, 
London,  as  follows :  "  Anthony  LeCompte  of  the  parishe 
of  Macke  neere  Callis  in  Erance  &  Esther  Dottando  of 
Deepe  in  Erance  weare  mar'ed,"  11  July,  1661. 

A  few  months  after  Anthony  LeCompte' s  decease,  his 
widow  Esther,  married  (1674),  "Monsieur"  Mark  Cor- 
dea,  formerly  of  St.  John's,  in  St.  Mary's  County,  an  inn- 
holder  and  merchant,  and  owner  of  "  St.  Elizabeth's 
Manor,"  which  he  purchased  from  John  Nuthall,  Jr.,  of 
St.  Mary's  County,  gentleman  (Annapolis,  Chancery 
KecordsCD,  i,  273). 

In  Bacon's  Laws  of  Maryland  (1674),  chapter  xn, 
(original  Libers:  C  &  W  H,  240:  W  H,  123 :  W  H  &  L, 
86),  appears  the  petition  for  naturalization  on  the  part  of 
Hester  Cordea,  et  al.,  as  follows :  "  Petition  of  .  .  . 
Hester  Cordea  [born]  at  Deepe  in  Normandy,  John  Le 
Count,  Mosses  Lecount,  Phillip  Lacount,  Anthony  Lacount, 
all  the  sonns  of  Anthony  Lacount  borne  at  Picardie  in  the 
Kingdom  of  France ;  Hester  Lacount,  Katherine  Lacount, 
daughters  to  the  said  Anthony  Lacount,  and  both  sonns  and 


daughters  borne  within  Your  Lordships  Province  of  Mary- 
land .  .  .  for  divers  years  therein  Inhabitants  being  in- 
vited to  come  and  dwell  within  this  Province  by  and  upon 
confidence  of  Your  Lordships  declaration  of  the  second  of 
July  1649/'  etc.  They  were  naturalized  under  the  Act 
passed  6  June  1674. 

On  17  July  1680,  there  was  issued  a  subpoena  to  Mark 
Cordea  and  Hester  his  wife,  executrix  of  the  last  will  and 
testament  of  Anthony  LeCompte,  deceased,  to  answer  the 
bill  of  complaint  of  Henry  Fox  and  Hester  his  wife,  one  of 
the  daughters  of  the  said  Anthony  (Annapolis,  Chancery 
Records  CD.  273).  Committees  from  the  Upper  and 
Lower  Houses  of  Assembly  met  occasionally  at  Mark  Cor- 
dea's  house  (Md.  Arch,  vii:  xin). 

Anthony  and  Hester  LeCompte  had  issue :  * 

2.  i.     John,2  b.  1662:  d.  circa  1705. 

3.  ii.     Moses,  d.  1720. 

iii.     Philip,  d.  unmarried  (a  minor). 

4.  iv.     Anthony,  d.  circa  1705. 

v.     Esther,  m.  (1)  Henry  Fox,  of  Talbot  Co.:   (2)  Wm.  Skinner,  Jr. 
vi.     Katharine,  m.    (1)   James  Cullins:    (2)   Thomas  BrufF. 

2.  John  LeCompte2  (Anthony1)  was  born  in  1662,  in 
Maryland,  and  died  1704/5,  in  Dorchester  county.  His 
will  was  made  4  November  1704,  and  proved  6  June  1705 
(Annapolis  Wills  in.  455). 

He  bequeathed  to  his  son  William,  "  Linkwoods  "  (250 
acres),  at  the  head  of  Transquaking,  formerly  belonging  to 
Dr.  Robert  Winsmore:  to  son  Philemon,  "  LeCompte's 
Adventure,"  at  the  head  of  Ingram's  Creek:  to  sons  An- 
thony and  John  (equally),  part  of  200  acres  (unnamed) 
on  the  south  side  of  Ingram's  Creek,  it  having  been  jointly 
taken  up  with  John  Brannock :  to  sons  James  and  Robert 
Winsmore  LeCompte,  residue  of  the  tract  last  referred  to, 
and  lying  on  the  north  side  of  Ingram's  Creek :  to  daughter 
Ann,  all  land  taken  up  by  testator  jointly  with  John  Bran- 
nock and  Andrew  Skinner,  between  the  branch  of  Cabin 
Creek  and  the  northwest  fork  of  Nanticoke  River:  to  son 
John  (aforesaid)  also  "  John's  Good  Luck"  (50  acres), 
"  LeCompte's  Delight"  (50  acres)  and  "Indian  Ridge" 

*  The  source  of  a  good  deal  of  the  following  data  relating  to  the  LeCompte 
family  of  Maryland  is  an  old  manuscript  record,  said  to  have  been  com- 
piled in  1819,  but  the  writer  of  this  sketch  can  not  vouch  for  its  accuracy, 
except  in  so  far  as  he  has  been  able  to  verify  the  same  from  authoritative 
sources  (F.  B.  C). 


(87  acres) :  to  wife  Ann  (executrix),  the  dwelling  planta- 
tion during  life,  the  same  to  revert  to  son  Anthony.  All 
the  children  to  be  of  age  at  18  years.  The  witnesses  under 
the  will  were  Jane  Kemp:  Margaret  Nowell  and  John 

In  the  Annapolis  Chancery  Records  there  is  an  entry  of 
the  suit  of  one  Thomas  McKeele,  lessee  of  William  Warner, 
against  John  LeCompte,  which  suit  was  entered  by  the 
Court,  22  February,  1704/5,  as  "  abated  by  the  defend- 
ant's death  "  (Lib.  PC.  516). 

John  LeCompte  married  Ann  Winsmore,  daughter  of 
Dr.  Robert  Winsmore,  and  had  issue : 



John,3  b.  1686:  d.  ] 



William,  d.  1749. 



Philemon,  b.  1690. 





Robert  Winsmore. 





3.  Moses  LeCompte2  (Anthony1)  was  born  in  Maryland 
and  died  in  1720,  in  Dorchester  County.  According  to  a 
family  record  compiled  in  1819,  Moses  LeCompte  became 
partially  blind  at  18  or  19  years  of  age,  and  altogether  so 
at  22  or  23,  although  he  was  sent  to  England  for  treatment 
of  his  affliction.  Blindness  appeared  in  several  later  gen- 
erations of  this  branch  of  the  family. 

The  will  of  Moses  LeCompte  was  made  1  January  1717, 
and  proved  15  March  1720/1.  He  bequeathed  to  his  sons 
Philip,  Thomas  and  Samuel  LeCompte,  "  all  my  lands  I 
now  live  on,  but  if  it  please  God  any  more  of  my  children 
should  lose  their  sight  except  my  sons  Moses  LeCompte 
and  Peter  LeCompte,  that  my  said  children  so  losing  their 
sight  should  be  equal  partners  in  my  said  lands  with  my 
aforesaid  three  sons  " :  he  gave  to  "  my  said  children  one 
small  tract  called  "  Padan-Aram,"  except  my  sons  Moses 
LeCompte  and  Peter  LeCompte,"  and  to  the  last  named 
"  the  said  land  lying  in  Little  Choptank  " :  he  mentions  his 
three  daughters  Esther  LeCompte,  Mary  LeCompte  and 
Elizabeth  LeCompte.  The  witnesses  under  the  will  were 
John  LeCompte,  Joseph  LeCompte,  Elizabeth  Bonner 
and  Kachel  Bonner  (Annapolis  Wills,  xvi.  365).  The 
administration  accounts  of  the  estate  mention  the  wife 
Mary,  with  three  sons  Philip,  Samuel  and  Joseph,  as  the 
executors  (Annapolis  Accounts  iv.  70:  v.  18.  286). 


















Moses  LeCompte  married  Marv  Skinner  (b.  1667) 
daughter  of  "  old  "  (Thomas?)  "  Skinner  of  England." 
(according  to  family  record  of  1819).  A  deposition  of 
Mary  LeCompte  in  1741  gives  her  age  as  "  about  74 
years  "  (Dor.  Court  Records  xrr.  200). 

Closes  and  Mary  (Skinner)  LeCompte  had  issue: 

Philip,3  died  1734  unmarried:    said  to  liave  been  •'blind."-' 
Moses,  said  to  have  been  "  blind.'"'' 
Thomas,  died  unmarried:  said  to  have  been  '"'blind.'"'' 

Samuel,  died  1775  unmarried:   said  to  have  been  '•'blind.''' 
Joseph,  said  to  have  been  "  blind.'-' 

William,  said  to  have  been  "  blind.'-' 
Esther,  died  unmarried:    said  to  have  been  "' blind.'"' 
Mary    ( •■'  blind  "  |    m.  Arthur  Rigrby,  of  Talbot  County,  Md. 
Elizabeth   (■''blind*-')  m.  James  Sewers,  of  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

4.  Antblony  LeCo^ipte  -  (Anthony 1)  was  born  in  Mary- 
land and  died  in  1705.  in  Dorchester  County.  The  will  of 
Anthony  LeCompte  was  made  20  January  1704  and 
proved  6  June  1705  (Annapolis  Wills,  in.  456). 

He  left  to  his  sons  Xehemiah  and  Anthony  Le  Compte, 
jointly,  the  tract  called  "  St.  Anthony's."  which  was  be- 
queathed to  the  testator  by  his  father:  to  his  eldest  son 
Xehemiah.  25  acres  of  land  "  at  the  Island  " :  to  his  son 
Anthony.  "  Bluestone  Branch "  on  the  western  shore, 
called  the  "  Halfway  House."  The  sons  to  be  of  age  at  18 
years.  To  his  wife  Margaret  (executrix)  he  bequeathed 
all  personalty.  The  witnesses  trader  the  will  were  Henry 
Beckwith.  Magdalen  Wardner  and  Mary  Wardner  ( Bald- 
win's Cal.  of  Md.  Wills,  m.  51). 

Anthony  LeCompte  married  Margaret  Beckwith,  and 
had  issue : 

14.  i.  Xehemtah,3  b.  1693. 
ii.  Anthony  (no  issue), 
iii.     Margaret. 

5.  Johx  LeCompte  3  (John,2  Anthony  M  was  born  in  16S6 
and  died  in  1754,  in  Dorchester  County.  Maryland.  In  a 
deposition  dated  15  December,  1741,  his  age  is  given  as  55 
years  (Dor.  Co.  Court  Records,  xrr.  200). 

The  will  of  John  LeCompte  was  made  17  J  amy.  1754, 
and  proved  15  March  1754  (Annapolis  Wills,  xxix.  76). 
To  his  wife  Blanche  Le  Compte  he  bequeathed  "  St.  An- 
thonv,"   "Purkerdv''    (Picardv),    "  Chance. "    "  Roxall  " 


and  "  LeCompte's  Pasture " ;  and  one  shilling  to  each  of 
his  following  eight  children — John,  Charles,  Anthony  and 
Philemon  LeCompte,  Blanche  LeCompte,  Mary  Woolford, 
Esther  Cullens,  and  Clare  Fowler  (the  last  mentioned  also 
received  four  negroes).  His  sons  were  named  as  the 

John  LeCompte  married  Blanche  Powell  (d.  1769)  and 
had  issue : 

15.  i.    John.4 

ii.  Charles,  m.  Sarah  Hirth   (  ? ) ,  of  Talbot  County. 

15a.     iii.  Anthony,  m.  Mary  Sewell. 

iv.  Philemon,  m.  Hatfield. 

16.  v.  William. 
vi.  Sarah. 

vii.  Mary,  m.  Woolf  ord  ( ? ) . 

viii.  Clare,  m.  Fowler. 

ix.  Esther,  m.  Cullins. 

x.  Blanche,   m.   Anthony   LeCompte3    (Moses,2  Anthony1). 

xi.  Elizabeth,  m.  Vickers. 

6.  William  LeCompte3  (John,2  Anthony1)  died  in  1749 
in  Dorchester  county,  Maryland.  His  will  was  made  18 
May  1749,  and  proved  8  July  1749  (Annapolis  Wills, 
xxvii.  8). 

He  bequeathed  to  his  sons  Philemon  and  John  Le- 
Compte, the  dwelling  plantation  and  an  equal  division  of 
the  "  land  I  have  at  the  head  of  Transquaking  " ;  to  son 
William  LeCompte  land  in  the  northwest  fork  of  Nanti- 
coke  River,  called  "  Poole's  Outlet  "  (130  acres) :  he  makes 
a  bequest  to  his  daughter  Sarah,  "  in  case  she  should  come 
back/'  and  mentions  his  daughter  Anne  Baynam  and  his 
son  Levin  LeCompte. 

William  LeCompte  married  Smoot,    and  had 

issue : 

i.  Philemon.4 

ii.  John, 

iii.  William, 

iv.  Sarah. 

v.  Anne,  m.  Bayman. 

vi.  Levin. 

7.  Philemon  LeCompte3  (John,2  Anthony1)  was  born  in 
1690,  according  to  a  deposition  made  in  1730,  when  his  age 
is  given  as  40  years  (Chancery  Records  I  R,  No.  1,  314), 
and  died  in  1769.  His  will  was  proved  28  August,  1769 
(Annapolis  Wills,  xxxvn.  401). 

Philemon  Le  Compte  married  Mary  Seward  (d.  1769) 
and  had  issue : 


i.     William.4 
ii.     James. 

iii.     John,  d.  1768:  m.  Mary ,  and  had  one  daughter,  Elizabeth. 

iv.     Abner,  d.  1771. 

v.     Esther,  m.    (cousin)    William  LeCompte4    (John,3  John,2  An- 
vi.     Charles    (of  "Oyster  Shell  Point"),  d.  26  March  1809,  aged 

64  years:  his  wife's  name  was  Drusilla. 
vii.     Mary,  married  — —  Dawson. 

viii.     Ann,  married  (1)  Phillips:  m.   (2)   Owens:  m.   (3)  


8.  James  LeCompte  3  (John,2  Anthony  x)  was  the  ancestor 

of  the  Le  Comptes  of  Caroline  County,  Md.     He  married 

Mallet,  and  had  issue : 

i.  James.4 

ii.  Philemon. 

iii.  Anthony. 

iv.  Charles. 

v.  Nathan. 

9.  Moses  LeCompte  3  (Moses,2  Anthony  *  joins  in  a  deed, 
dated  11  Aug.  173 1,  with  Levinia  his  wife,  conveying  to 
"  our  loving  son  Matthew  Driver,"  one  half  of  the  "Grove," 
on  James  Island  (Dorch.  Co.  Deeds,  viii.  429).  He  also 
made  a  deed  of  gift,  hearing  date  8  March  1768,  for  "  nat- 
ural love  and  affection  which  I  have  and  do  bear  to  my 
three  grandsons  Levin  Cator,  William  Geoghegan  and 
Moses  Geoghegan,"  as  follows :  "  unto  my  grandson  Levin 
Cator,  one  half  of  the  whole  survey  of  "  Le  Compters  Addi- 
tion "  (34%  acres)  on  James  Island,  in  Dorchester 
County:  unto  my  two  grandsons  William  and  Moses 
Geoghegan  the  easternmost  half  of  "  Le  Compters  Addi- 
tion," equally,  and  my  part  of  "  Grove,"  (75  acres)  lying 
on  James  Island,  in  Dorchester  County."  He  also  refers 
to  his  daughter  Levinia  Geoghegan  (Dorch.  Co.  Land 
Records,  xxn.  222).  He  married  Levinia  Pattison,  daugh- 
ter of  Thomas  Pattison  (and  widow  of  Matthew  Driver,  of 
James  Island) ,  and  had  issue : 

17.      i.    Moses.4 

ii.     Levinia,  m.  William  Geoghegan,  of  Dublin, 
iii.     Esther,  m.  Matthew  Skinner. 

iv.     Mary,  m.  (1)  ante  1744  Edward  Cator:    (2)  Marmaduke  Dove: 
(3)  Davey. 

10.    Peter  LeCompte  3  (Moses,2  Anthony  *)  married 

Brannock,  and  had  issue : 

i.  Thomas,  prob.  died  at  sea. 
ii.  Samuel,  prob.  died  at  sea. 
iii.     Peter. 


iv.  Joseph,  m.  Elizabeth  Sewers:  from  whom  among  others  were 
Samuel  LeCompte,  of  Tuckahoe  Neck;  Joseph  LeCompte,  of 
Castle  Haven,  who  married  Delilah  Thomas  (nee  Barnett) 
and  had  Esther  Ann,  who  married  Kobert  Taylor,  of  Balfco. 

11.  Joseph  LeCompte3  (Moses,2  Anthony1)  d.  1776;  he 
married  the  widow  Shannon,  and  had  issne : 

18.  i.     Samuel.4 

ii.     Nicholas,  unmarried. 
iii.     Joseph, 
iv.     A  daughter,  married  John  Parker. 

12.  Anthony  LeCompte  3  (Moses,2  Anthony  *)  married  (1) 
ante  'Nov.  1744,  Catharine,  widow  of  William  Bennett,  of 
Talbot  county:  m.  (2)  Blanche  Le  Compte  4  (John,3 
John,2  Anthony  1)  and  had  issue: 

By  first  wife : 

i.  Elizabeth.4 

ii.  Catharine, 

iii.  Mary, 

iv.  Esther. 

By  second  wife : 

v.     Sarah, 
vi.     Dolly. 

13.  William  LeCompte3  (Moses,2  Anthony1)  married  the 
widow  Martin,  of  Talbot  county,  and  had  issue : 

i.     Philip,4  unmarried:  d.  circa  1846,  in  New  Castle  County,  Dela- 

19.  ii.    Moses. 

iii.     Thomas,  unmarried, 
iv.     Daniel,  unmarried. 

20.  v.     Isaiah. 

vi.     Mary,    married    Thomas    Wingate. 
vii.     Nancy,  married  Levin  Wingate. 

14.  Nehemiah  LeCompte  3  (Anthony,2  Anthony  *)  was  born 
in  1698,  according  to  a  deposition  made  in  1720,  which 
gives  his  age  as  22  years  (Chancery  Records,  PC.  602). 

ISTehemiah   LeCompte  married   Clare   Poolet    and   had 
issue : 

i.  Anthony,4  married  Sarah  Skinner, 

ii.  Nehemiah. 

iii.  John. 

iv.  Margaret, 

v.  Mary, 

vi.  Elizabeth, 

vii.  Esther. 

15.  John  LeCompte4  (John,3  John,2  Anthony1)  married 
Sarah  Peterkin,  and  had  issue: 


i.     John.5 
ii.     Charles, 
iii.     James. 

15a.  Anthony  LeCompte  4  (John,3  John/  Anthony  x)  married 
Mary  Sewell  and  had  issue: 

i.     Fannie,5    m.     (1)  Griffin     (s.    p.):     (2)     John    Radcliffe 

( issue )  :    ( 3 )  Leonard   ( s.  p. ) . 

ii.     Katharine,  d.   10  Oct.  1803,  unmarried. 

16.  William  LeCompte4  (John,3  John,2  Anthony1)  mar- 
ried (1)  Linah  Byus:  m.  (2)  Esther  LeCompte4  (Phile- 
mon,3 John,2  Anthony  x),  and  had  issue: 

By  first  wife : 

i.  William.5 

ii.  Philemon, 

iii.  John, 

iv.  Sarah,  m.  Stephen  LeCompte,  of  Chicacomieo. 

v.  Eebecca,  m.  Levin  LeCompte,  of  Chicacomieo. 

By  second  wife : 

vi.     Charles, 
vii.     Caleb. 

17.  Moses  LeCompte4  (Moses,3  Moses,2  Anthony1)  died  in 
1776,  in  Dorchester  County,  Maryland.  The  administra- 
tion bond  for  the  estate  of  Moses  LeCompte,  deceased,  was 
filed  20  February  1776,  by  Moses  LeCompte,  Jr.,  adminis- 
trator, with  Joseph  Robson  and  Henry  Keene,  as  sureties 
(Annapolis,  Testa.  Proc.  xlvii.  31).  The  inventory  was 
appraised  29  April  1776  by  Thomas  Creaton  (Creighton) 
and  Henry  Travers,  in  the  sum  of  £710.4.2  (Annapolis, 
Inventories,  oxxv.  116). 

Moses   LeCompte  married   Nancy   Pattison,    and   had 

issue : 

21.      i.  Moses,5  b.  1748   (or  1752). 

ii.  Nancy,  m.  1759,  Jeremiah  Pattison. 

iii.  Esther, 

iv.  Rosamond, 

v.  Elizabeth,  b.  1761:  d.  1803. 

18.  Samuel  LeCompte4  (Joseph,3  Moses,2  Anthony1)  mar- 
ried Rachel  Watts  and  had  issue : 

i.     Edmond.5 
ii.     Samuel. 

19.  Moses  LeCompte4  (William,3  Moses,2  Anthony1)  mar- 
ried   Wheeler  and  had  issue : 


i.  Moses.5 

ii.  Hugh, 

iii.  Mary, 

iv.  Mahala. 

20.  Isaiah  LeCompte  4  (William,3  Moses,2  Anthony1)  mar- 
ried Sarah  Geoghegan  (of  John)  and  had  issue: 

22.  i.     William  G.6 

23.  ii.     Samuel. 

iii.     Isaiah    ( "  never  married — poor  soul  " ! ) 

21.  Moses  LeCompte  5  (Moses,4  Moses,3  Moses,2  Anthony  *) 
was  horn  in  1748,  or  1752  (the  authorities  differ),  and 
died  23  October  1801,  on  Taylor's  Island,  Dorchester 

On  12  February  1776,  a  commission  was  issued  to  Moses 
LeCompte,  Jr.,  as  First  Lieutenant  of  Captain  Joseph 
Robson's  Company  of  Minute-men,  in  Dorchester  county. 
He  succeeded  Henry  Keene,  who  had  resigned  (Md.  Arch, 
xi.  153).  On  24  May  1776,  he  was  First]  Lieutenant  in 
Captain  Denwood  Hick's  Company  of  Dorchester  County 
militia,  but  was  recommissioned  as  First  Lieutenant  of 
Captain  Joseph  Robson's  Company  (ib.  441).  He  later 
became  Lieutenant  Colonel  Commandant  of  the  Dorchester 
county  militia  in  the  re-organization  of  the  State  forces 
following  the  Revolutionary  War. 

Moses  LeCompte  married  twice.  His  first  wife  was 
Nancy  Edmondson,  who  died  prior  to  1787.  His  second 
wife  was  Elizabeth  Woodward  (1763-1803). 

There  is  on  record  in  the  Dorchester  County  Court,  a  bill 
of  sale  deed,  bearing  date  15  September  1787,  from  Moses 
LeCompte  and  Elizabeth  his  wife,  of  Dorchester  County,  to 
Benjamin  Keene,  Jr.;  William  Geoghegan;  Thomas 
Hooper ;  John  Aschcom  Travers ;  Peter  Harrington ;  John 
Aaron;  John  Geoghegan;,  John  Robson  and  Isaac  Creigh- 
ton,  trustees  appointed  "  to  take  care  and  management  of  a 
chapel  lately  built  on  Taylor's  Island  for  the  use  of  minis- 
ters of  the  M.  E.  Church"  (Lib.  NH  No.  9,  411). 

Issue  by  first  wife : 
i.     Nancy,6  m.  Colonel  Moses  Keene. 

Issue  by  second  wife : 

24.  ii.     Benjamin  Woodward,  b.  1787. 

iii.     Samuel  W.,  d.  1861/2:  midshipman,  War  of  1812:  Lieut.  Com. 


U.    S.    N.:    m.    Mary    Eccleston,    daughter    of    Washington 

iv.     Elizabeth,  m.  James  Pattison. 

v.     Emily  W.,  m.  James  Bryan,  son  of  Charles  Bryan,  of  Cambridge. 
vi.     Margaret. 

22.  William  G.  LeCompte  5  (Isaiah,4  William,3  Moses,2  An- 
thony  1)  married  Mary  A.  Eaton,  of  Talbot  County,  Md.? 
and  had  issue: 


William  G. 

Mamie,  m.  Henry  Hooper. 

Sarah,  m.  Thomas  Hubbard. 

Mary  Matilda,  m.  Samuel  Brattan. 

Annie  Maria,  m.  John  A.  Applegarthe. 

Rebecca,  m.  Stephen  LeCompte. 

Araminta,  m.  William  Mitchell. 

23.  Samuel  LeCompte  5  (Isaiah,4  William,3  Moses,2  An- 
thony * )  married  Mary  Simmons  and  had  issue : 

27.    i.     Philip  Isaiah.6 











24.  Benjamin  Woodward  LeCompte  6  (Moses,5  Moses,4 
Moses,3  Moses,2  Anthony  1)  was  born  in  1787,  and  died  20 
November  1821.  He  married  Mary  E.  Hooper  (1786- 
1822),  and  had  issue: 

i.     Mary  E.  LeCompte,7  m.  John  P.  Hooper. 

ii.     James  Laird,  d.  1853:  m.  Ann  Werkmiller,  of  Norfolk,  Va. 
iii.     Gaston  Cleves,  b.  1815:  d.  1878:  m.  Mary  Hartshorn,  daughter 

of   Sylvanna  Hartshorn,   of  Norfolk,  Va. 
iv.     Emily  Ann. 
v.     Benjamin  Hooper. 

25.  Thomas  LeCompte  6  (William  G.,5  Isaiah,4  William,3 
Moses,2  Anthony  *)  married  Margaret  Cook,  and  had  issue: 

i.  Thomas.7 

ii.  Daniel  H. 

iii.  Samuel, 

iv.  Mary, 

v.  Margaret. 

26.  William  G.  LeCompte  6  (William  G.,5  Isaiah,4  William,3 
Moses,2  Anthony 1)  married  Nannie  Stewart,  and  had 
issue : 

i.  William.7 

ii.  George, 

iii.  Mamie, 

iv.  Annie. 



27.  Philip  Isaiah  LeCompte  6  (Samuel,5  Isaiah,4  William,3 
Moses,2  Anthony1)  married  Susan  Hubbard,  and  had 
issue : 





















LeCompte  Notes 

Samuel  LeCompte,  called  "  the  surveyor,"  said  to  have  been 

a  grandson  of  James  3  (John,2  Anthony  x)  married  (1) 

Price,  and  had  issue  Edward  P.  LeCompte  (d.  1843)  who  mar- 
ried 1829  Emily  White,  of  Cambridge,  and  had  issue  Edward 
W.  LeCompte  who  married  1853  Elizabeth  Wall. 

Samuel  LeCompte,  called  "  the  Surveyor,"  married  (2)  Ara- 
minta  Smoot  (nee  Frazier)  and  had  issue  Samuel  Dexter  Le- 
Compte, Henrietta  Maria  LeCompte,  Araminta  Sarah  Le- 
Compte, and  Margaret  Elizabeth  LeCompte. 

Samuel  Dexter  LeCompte  (Samuel)  removed  to  the  territory 
of  Kansas,  was  appointed  Chief  Justice  in  1854,  and  there  died. 
He  married  Camilla  Anderson,  of  Todd's  Point,  Dorchester 
County,  and  had  issue:  Samuel  Edward  LeCompte,  Eugene 
Dexter  LeCompte,  Edward  Palmer  LeCompte,  Alice  Emily  Le- 
Compte, Camilla  A.  LeCompte,  and  James  Trippe  LeCompte. 
Henrietta  Maria  LeCompte  (Samuel)  married  1837  Joseph  R. 
Eccleston.  They  removed  to  Keokuk,  Iowa,  in  1852,  and  both 
died  in  1853,  leaving  issue. 




Meeting  of  October  9th,  1916.* — The  regular  monthly  meet- 
ing of  the  Society  was  called  to  order  at  8.30  o'clock.  Vice- 
President  Harris,  in  taking  the  chair,  expressed  his  regrets  that 
President  Warneld  had  been  prevented  by  trouble  with  one  of 
his  eyes  from  being  present  at  the  meeting  that  evening. 

The  following  Necrology  was  read  by  the  Recording  Secre- 

Died  on  October  10,  1915,  Mr.  William  B.  Graves,  who  was 
elected  to  active  membership,  December  13,  1909. 

On  May  21,  1916,  Mr.  Clayton  C.  Hall,  who  was  elected  to 
active  membership  on  February  9,  1880. 

On  June  20,  1916,  Mr.  Jordan  Stabler,  who  was  elected  to 
active  membership  on  March  14,  1910. 

On  July  9,  1916,  Mr.  Gaun  M.  Hutton,  who  was  elected  to 
active  membership  on  December  8,  1890. 

On  July  10,  1916,  Mr.  William  Fell  Johnson,  who  was 
elected  to  active  membership  on  February  10,  1902. 

On  September  2,  1916,  Mr.  David  Abercrombie,  who  was 
elected  to  active  membership  on  February  10,  1908. 

On  September  4,  1916,  Mr.  Raphael  T.  Semmes,  who  was 
elected  to  associate  membership  on  April  9,  1906. 

On  September  30,  1916,  Col.  John  A.  Tompkins,  who  was 
elected  to  active  membership  on  May  14,  1883. 

Under  the  head  of  miscellaneous  business,  Mrs.  Wm.  Reed, 
President  of  the  Maryland  Society  of  Colonial  Dames,  spoke 
as  follows: 

"  It  is  with  great  pleasure  that  the  Maryland  Society  of  the 
Colonial  Dames  of  America  will  have  the  privilege  this  evening 

*  Inadvertently  omitted  from  the  December  number  of  the  Magazine. 


of  presenting  to  the  Maryland  Historical  Society  a  valuable  old 
coin,  which  has  come  into  our  possession,  through  the  courtesy 
of  Judge  Henry  Stoekbridge.  This  copper  six  pence  "  trial 
piece  "  is  said  to  be  very  rare,  and  we  have  requested  Mr.  Louis 
H.  Dielman,  to  make  the  presentation  in  the  name  of  the 
Society.  Mr.  Dielman  needs  no  introduction  to  the  Maryland 
Historical  Society." 

In  formally  presenting  the  coin  on  behalf  of  the  Colonial 
Dames,  Mr.  Dielman  made  a  statement  concerning  the  colonial 
coinage  of  Lord  Baltimore  and  the  varieties  known  to  be  in 

In  moving  a  vote  of  thanks  to  the  Maryland  Society  of 
Colonial  Dames  for  the  beautiful  and  valuable  coin  presented 
to  the  Society,  Judge  Stoekbridge  gave  a  most  interesting 
account  of  various  aspects  of  Maryland  Colonial  Coinage,  call- 
ing special  attention  to  the  beauty,  value  and  rareness  of  the 
coin  which  the  Maryland  Society  of  Colonial  Dames  was 
presenting  to  the  Historical  Society. 

"While  still  under  the  head  of  miscellaneous  business,  Mr. 
Douglas  H.  Thomas  took  the  floor  and  stated  that  it  gave  him 
great  pleasure  indeed  to  make  an  announcement  to  the  Society. 
Mr.  Thomas  said  that  several  months  ago  Mrs.  Mary  Washing- 
ton Keyser  had  spoken  to  him  about  her  desire  to  erect  a 
memorial  to  her  late  husband,  Mr.  H.  Irvine  Keyser.  After 
careful  consideration  of  the  matter  she  came  to  the  conclusion 
that  she  desired  to  offer  a  home  to  the  Maryland  Historical 
Society.  Judge  Stoekbridge  was  called  into  consultation  and 
various  plans  for  the  purchase  and  improvement  of  the  property 
at  the  south-west  corner  of  Park  Avenue  and  Monument  Street 
were  considered.  Mr.  Thomas  then  read  the  letters  from  Mrs. 
Keyser,  printed  in  full  in  the  December  issue  of  the  Magazine. 

Judge  Stoekbridge  spoke  as  follows : 
"Mr.  President: 

"  For  a  number  of  years  this  Society  has  been  longing  and 
hoping  for  a  new  home.     The  means  available  for  procuring 


it  have  seemed  to  be  beyond  our  reach.  During  the  lifetime  of 
our  late  President,  Mr.  Cohen,  the  location  at  the  southwest 
corner  of  Monument  Street  and  Park  Avenue  was  considered 
and  felt  to  be  a  most  desirable  one;  but  the  cost  of  that  lot, 
together  with  the  cost  of  the  erection  of  a  suitable  building  on 
it  for  housing  the  priceless  collections  of  this  Society,  has 
seemed  to  place  it  beyond  the  possibility  of  our  grasp. 

"  By  the  munificent  offer  which  has  just  been  tendered  to 
this  Society  by  Mrs.  Keyser,  through  Mr.  Thomas,  that  which 
has  hitherto  seemed  scarcely  more  than  a  dream  is  now  virtually 
placed  at  our  disposal.  I  am  sure  that  I  but  voice  the  senti- 
ment of  every  member  present  when  I  say  that  this  Society 
entertains  a  deep  feeling  of  gratitude  to  Mrs.  Keyser  and  that 
it  will  be  the  pleasure  of  this  organization  to  do  everything 
which  lies  in  its  power  to  bring  to  full  fruition  the  desires  in 
every  respect  of  the  generous  donor. 

"  There  was  one  condition  attached  to  Mrs.  Keyser's  tender 
which  Mr.  Thomas  overlooked  in  the  announcement  which  he 
has  just  made,  namely,  that  no  encumbrance  or  lien  should 
ever  be  placed  upon  the  property,  and  this  is  a  condition  so 
reasonable  and  moderate  that  I  am  sure  it  will  readily  be 
acceded  by  all.  There  is  another  condition,  not  imposed  by 
Mrs.  Keyser  through  feelings  of  delicacy,  but  which  it  seems 
to  me  this  Society  should  none  the  less  regard  as  a  condition  of 
the  gift,  and  that  is,  that  there  should  be  raised  a  permanent 
endowment  fund  sufficient  that  the  income  of  it  should  be  ade- 
quate to  care  for  the  ordinary  maintenance  expense  of  the 
building  placed  and  to  be  placed  upon  this  lot,  less  than  this  it 
seems  we  should  not  do,  and  that  a  failure  to  do  it  would  evince 
a  lack  of  appreciation  of  the  gift  now  made.  To  that  end  I 
desire  to  offer  certain  resolutions,  the  second  and  third  of  which 
will  of  course  be  dependent  upon  the  adoption  of  the  first." 

[Printed  in  full  in  December  Magazine.'] 

Vice-President  Harris  voiced  the  feeling  of  surprise  and  very 
great  happiness  with  which  the  Society  received  notice  of  this 
most  helpful  and  munificent  gift  and  expressed  his  regrets  that 


President  Warfield  had  been  prevented  from  being  present 
upon  such  a  happy  and  epoch-making  occasion  in  the  history  of 
the  Society. 

An  interesting  paper  was  read  by  Dr.  Bernard  C.  Steiner 
entitled,  "A  New  Englander's  Southern  Trip  in  1833 ;  Henry 
Barnard's  First  Experience  with  the  South."  This  paper  gave 
a  delightful  account  of  certain  aspects  of  life  in  the  South 
before  the  War.  At  the  conclusion  of  Dr.  Steiner's  address, 
upon  motion  of  Major  Pegram,  a  vote  of  thanks  was  extended 
to  Dr.  Steiner. 

There  being  no  further  business  before  the  Society,  the  meet- 
ing adjourned  at  10.30  o'clock. 

Meeting  of  December  11,  1916. — The  regular  monthly  meet- 
ing of  the  Society  was  called  to  order  at  8.30  p.  m.  with  Presi- 
dent Warfield  in  the  chair. 

The  minutes  of  the  preceding  meeting  were  read  and  ap- 
proved with  corrections. 

The  election  of  new  members  resulted  as  follows: 

Dr.  Bonald  T.  Abercrombie — Active 

Mr.  Alfred  0.  P.  A.  Atkinson — Active 

Dr.  W.  H.  H.  Bixler— Active 

Hon.  Carroll  T.  Bond — Active 

Mr.  William  J.  Donnelly — Active 

Hon.  Henry  Duffy — Active 

Mr.  John  W.  Frick — Active 

Mr.  Carter  H.  George — Active 

Dr.  Charles  S.  Grindall — Active 

Mrs.  Charles  Frederic  Habighurst — Active 

Miss  Elizabeth  Gray  Howard — Life 

Mr.  B.  F.  Johnson — Associate 

Mr.  J.  Hemsley  Johnson — Active 

Mr.  John  L.  G.  Lee — Active 

Mr.  Robert  Oliver  Lehr — Active 

Mr.  Thomas  Mackenzie — Active 

Mr.  Charles  C.  McColgan — Active 

Mrs.  Elizabeth  Morrison  McElroy — Active 


Mr.  Charles  D.  Mcolai — Active 
Mr.  John  Parker — Active 
Mrs.  William  S.  Powell— Active 
Mr.  John  L.  Sanford — Active 
Mrs.  Chester  B.  Tnrnbnll — Active 
Mr.  Raymond  S.  Williams — Active 

Under  the  head  of  necrology,  the  Recording  Secretary  re- 
ported the  death  of  John  J.  Donaldson,  on  November  19th, 
1916,  Richard  Bernard  on  November  21,  1916,  Edwin  Schenck, 
Sr.,  on  November  18th,  1916,  Alfred  Z.  Hartman  on  December 
1st,  1916  and  Henry  C.  Matthews  on  December  6th,  1916. 
President  Warfield  dwelt  upon  his  long  and  intimate  associa- 
tion with  Mr.  Donaldson  and  referred  to  his  unusual  qualities 
of  force  and  culture. 

General  Trippe  on  behalf  of  the  Committee  appointed  to 
secure  a  roster  of  the  Maryland  soldiers  at  the  Battle  of  Long 
Island,  reported  that  he  had  the  roster  of  four  companies  but 
that  the  roster  of  Captain  Veasey's  Company  is  still  missing. 
He  referred  to  the  fact  that  out  of  400  soldiers  who  were  in 
that  battle,  276  were  killed  in  it. 

Mr.  Dielman  stated  that  Dr.  J.  Hall  Pleasants  was  very 
anxious  to  see  that  the  second  volume  of  the  Early  Court  Pro- 
ceedings of  Baltimore  County  was  indexed,  and  that  if  the 
Society  would  request  the  Supreme  Bench  of  Baltimore  City 
to  turn  over  temporarily  the  records  to  the  Society  to  be  copied, 
Dr.  Pleasants  would  see  that  none  of  the  involved  expense 
would  fall  on  the  Society.  Judge  Dawkins  and  Mr.  Leigh  Bon- 
sal  discussed  the  proposition  somewhat  at  length. 

The  following  resolution  was  adopted: 

"Resolved  that  the  Secretary  be  requested  to  write  to  the 
Supreme  Bench  of  the  City  of  Baltimore,  asking  for  the  tem- 
porary deposit  of  the  first  Court  record  with  the  Society  for  the 
purpose  of  indexing.  The  record  to  be  returned  to  the  Court 
immediately  on  the  completion  of  the  index." 

Mr.  Leigh  Bonsai  called  the  attention  of  the  Society  to  the 
Marriage  Licenses  of  Baltimore  from  1777-1851.     He  stated 


that  it  would  be  a  valuable  acquisition  to  the  library  if  they 
were  indexed  and  a  copy  of  the  index  placed  here.  He  under- 
stood that  Mr.  Little  was  going  to  make  an  index  of  them  and 
suggested  that  we  make  an  effort  to  obtain  a  copy.  Mr.  Bonsai 
was  appointed  to  take  up  the  matter  with  Mr.  Little  and  report 
at  the  next  meeting. 

Mr.  Dielman  called  attention  to  four  interesting  and  valu- 
able acquisitions  to  the  collections  of  the  Society.  They  were 
as  follows: 

1.  Photograph  from  a  painting  of  Augustin  Herman. 

2.  Photograph  of  the  first  fire  engine  at  Annapolis. 

3.  Ballot  cast  for  Abraham  Lincoln  in  1864  by  a  soldier,  being 

probably  the  only  ballot  in  existence  which  was  cast  and 
counted  in  that  Presidential  campaign. 

4.  Civil  War  Scrap  Book  made  by  the  late  Lennox  Birckhead. 

The  following  motion  was  made  by  Mr.  Duvall : 

"  Resolved,  that  the  Resolutions  passed  and  adopted  by  The 
Maryland  Historical  Society,  at  its  meeting  on  the  14th  day  of 
April,  1913,  for  the  removal  of  the  home  of  the  Society  to 
another  location,  and  the  appointment  of  a  Committee  to  devise 
ways  and  means  and  adopt  plans  to  increase  the  endowment 
fund  of  the  Society,  and  to  secure  funds  to  purchase  or  acquire 
a  site  and  improve  the  same,  and  to  purchase  or  acquire  such 
a  site  and  improve  the  same,  and  to  join  with  the  Trustees 
of  the  Athenaeum  in  selling  and  conveying  the  lot  of  ground 
and  building  now  occupied  and  used  by  the  Society  at  St.  Paul 
and  Saratoga  Streets,  and  with  power  to  appoint  sub-committees 
and  to  do  all  other  acts  necessary  in  the  premises ;  and  all  and 
every  part  of  the  said  Resolutions,  be  and  they  are  hereby 
rescinded  and  annulled." 

Mr.  Howard  in  seconding  the  motion  expressed  the  view  that 
the  activity  of  the  Committee  for  Endowment  purposes  had 
stimulated  interest  generally  in  the  condition  of  the  Society. 
The  motion  was  passed  unanimously. 


The  following  motion  by  Judge  Dawkins,  seconded  by  Mr. 
Duvall  was  passed : 

"  Resolved,  that  Messrs.  Francis  B.  Culver,  William  H. 
Lytle  and  Edward  Ingle  be  and  they  are  hereby  elected  a  com- 
mittee to  suggest  names  of  officers  and  members  of  the  various 
committees  to  be  submitted  for  nomination  at  Ithe  regular 
monthly  meeting  of  the  Society  on  the  evening  of  January  8th, 

The  Society  then  had  the  pleasure  of  listening  to  a  very 
interesting  paper  by  John  E.  Semmes  on  the  life  of  John  H. 
B.  Latrobe.  Mr.  Semmes  read  extensively  from  Mr.  Latrobe' s 
Journal  and  from  his  own  biography  in  reference  to  Mr. 
Latrobe's  activity  in  the  Maryland  Colonization  Society  and 
the  American  Colonization  Society  of  which  Mr.  Latrobe  was 
president  some  thirty  years  ago.  Upon  the  conclusion  of  this 
most  interesting  paper,  which  is  one  of  a  series  which  Mr. 
Semmes  is  reading  to  the  Society  from  the  Biography  of  Mr. 
Latrobe,  General  Trippe  moved  that  a  vote  of  thanks  be  ten- 
dered Mr.  Semmes  for  the  pleasure  which  he  had  afforded  the 

There  being  no  further  business  before  the  Society,  the  meet- 
ing adjourned  at  ten-thirty  o'clock. 

Meeting  of  January  %th,  1917. — The  regular  monthly  meet- 
ing of  the  Society  was  called  to  order  by  President  Warfield  at 
8.15  o'clock. 

The  following  active  members  were  elected: 

Mr.  J.  Mercer  Garnett  Mr.  Eush  W.  Davidge  Smith 

Mr.  Charles  M.  Keyser  Mr.  W.  Irvine  Keyser 

Miss  E.  G.  Mcllvane  Mr.  "Washington  Perine 

Mrs.  Rebecca  H.  Kilpatrick  Mr.  Foster  Steuart 

Dr.  Paul  Eaton  Miss  Mary  Hollingsworth  Keene 

Mr.  Harry  Roberts,  Jr.  Mr.  William  H.  Price,  Jr. 

Mr.  John  Henry  Sellman  Miss  Elizabeth  W.  Greenway 


The  following  letter  from  Mr.  Bonsai  was  read: 

"  Baltimore,  Dec.  13,  1916. 
"  Dear  Governor  Warfield : 

"  I  am  writing  a  short  note  to  let  you  know  What  I  have  done 
in  regard  to  getting  the  Clerk  of  the  Superior  Court  to  make 
new  indexes  for  the  old  marriage  records  in  the  Supreme  Court 
from  1775  to  1851. 

"  I  first  wrote  to  Mr.  Stephen  C.  Little,  stating  of  what  great 
value  the  marriage  records  would  be  if  arranged  alphabetically 
and  according  to  the  vowel  system,  and  they  should  be  indexed 
also  under  the  name  of  the  woman  as  well  as  the  man,  and 
expressed  the  hope  that  when  the  work  was  done  that  a  carbon 
copy  could  be  had  for  the  Maryland  Historical  Society.  I 
have,  today,  had  a  talk  with  Mr.  Little  and  I  was  very  much 
pleased  with  his  attitude,  and  he  indicated  that  he  thought  that 
he  would  be  able  to  do  the  work  as  desired;  that  he  would  not 
be  able  to  take  the  matter  up  finally  until  after  January  1st, 
but  would  talk  with  me  again  at  that  time. 
Very  truly  yours, 

(Signed)     Leigh  Bonsal." 

Upon  motion  of  Mr.  Bonsai,  the  Society  voted  its  thanks  to 
Mr.  Little  for  the  interest  which  he  had  taken  in  the  matter. 
Mr.  Bonsai  made  a  further  motion  that  a  committee  of  five  be 
appointed  by  the  President  to  see  Comptroller  Mullen  and  to 
request  him  to  authorize  the  copying  of  the  records  under  con- 
sideration. The  motion  was  duly  passed,  whereupon  President 
Warfield  appointed  the  following  as  the  committee:  Leigh 
Bonsai,  Chairman,  Joseph  Y.  Brattan,  Judge  Walter  I.  Daw- 
kins,  Richard  M.  Duvall,  Buxton  M.  Ridgely. 

Under  the  head  of  necrology,  Recording  Secretary  Radclifie 
referred  to  the  death  of  Mr.  Moses  R.  Walter,  on  December 
28th,  1916.  Mr.  Walter  had  become  a  member  of  the  Society 
on  May  4th,  1883,  on  the  nomination  of  the  late  Mendes  Cohen. 
At  the  time  of  his  death,  Mr.  Walter  was  a  member  of  the 
Committee  on  the  Library. 


The  following  letter  from  Mrs.  Keyser  was  read  by  Record- 
ing Secretary  Radcliffe: 

"  To  the  President  and  Board  of  Managers  of  the 

Maryland  Historical  Society. 
"  Gentlemen : 

"  Complying  with  my  offer  of  a  Memorial  to  Mr.  H.  Irvine 
Keyser,  that  was  graciously  approved,  I  am  herewith  forward- 
ing to  you  the  Deed  of  Gift.  I  have  the  same  drawn  to  read 
December  the  seventeenth,  1916,  because  of  that  being  my  hus- 
band's Birthday,  legally,  it  is  due  today. 

"  With  great  pleasure  I  will  see  that  its  provisions  are  carried 

Very  truly  yours, 
(Signed)     Mary  Washington  Keyser. 
104  W.  Monument  St., 
December  18,  1916." 

Recording  Secretary  Radcliffe  also  read  the  following  letter 
of  acknowledgment  which  he  had  sent  Mrs.  Keyser: 

"December  20,  1916. 
"Mrs.  Mary  Washington  Keyser, 

"  Dear  Mrs.  Keyser : 

"  Your  letter  of  yesterday  to  the  President  and  Board  of 
Managers  of  the  Maryland  Historical  Society  and  the  Deed  of 
Gift  which  you  enclosed,  were  promptly  received. 

"  I  have  been  instructed  by  the  Council  of  the  Maryland 
Historical  Society  to  acknowledge  with  grateful  appreciation 
the  receipt  of  your  letter  and  deed  and  to  advise  you  that  they 
will  be  referred  to  the  first  meeting  of  the  Maryland  Historical 
Society  which  will  be  on  January  8th  next,  since  under  the 
provisions  of  the  Constitution  and  By-Laws  the  general  meet- 
ing of  the  Society  is  the  proper  body  to  take  definite  action  in 
regard  to  a  matter  of  such  great  importance. 
Very  respectfully, 

(Signed)     George  L.  Radcliffe., 

Recording  Secretary." 


President  Warfield  then  requested  Judge  Stockbridge  to 
read  the  deed  of  gift  from  Mrs.  Keyser.  Judge  Stockbridge 
thereupon  read  the  deed  which  was  worded  as  follows : 

"  This  Deed  made  this  17th  day  of  December,  nineteen  hun- 
dred and  sixteen,  by  Mary  Washington  Keyser,  widow,  of  Bal- 
timore City,  Maryland,  of  the  first  part ;  to  the  Maryland  His- 
torical Society,  a  corporation  under  the  laws  of  Maryland,  of 
the  second  part. 

"  Whereas  the  said  party  of  the  first  part,  desiring  to  estab- 
lish a  memorial  to  her  late  husband,  H.  Irvine  Keyser,  has 
purchased  the  lot  of  ground  and  premises  hereinafter  described 
with  the  intention  of  conveying  the  same  to  the  said  party  of 
the  second  part,  and  also  of  constructing  a  fire-proof  building 
in  addition  to  the  building  now  upon  said  lot ;  so  that  said  pre- 
mises may  be  owned,  used  and  enjoyed  by  said  party  of  the 
second  part  for  its  principal  corporate  purposes. 

"  Now  therefore  This  Deed  Witnesseth,  that  in  consideration 
of  the  premises  and  the  sum  of  one  dollar,  the  said  party  of  the 
first  part  does  hereby  grant  and  convey  unto  the  said  party  of 
the  second  part  all  that  lot  or  parcel  of  ground  situate  in 
Baltimore  City,  Maryland,  and  more  particularly  described  as 
follows : 

"  Beginning  for  the  same  at  the  corner  formed  by  the  inter- 
section of  the  south  side  of  Monument  St.  and  the  west  side  of 
Park  Avenue;  and  running  thence  westerly,  binding  on  the 
south  side  of  Monument  Street,  ninety-eight  feet  eleven  inches 
to  the  wall  of  the  dwelling  house  formerly  owned  by  James  M. 
Nicholson;  thence  southerly,  binding  along  said  wall,  and  con- 
tinuing the  same  course,  in  all,  one  hundred  and  twenty-five 
feet  to  the  north  side  of  "  K  "  Alley,  at  a  point  distant  ninety- 
eight  feet  ten  inches  westerly  from  the  corner  formed  by  the 
intersection  of  the  north  side  of  u  K  "  Alley  and  the  west  side 
of  Park  Avenue ;  thence  easterly,  binding  on  the  north  side  of 
"  K  "  Alley,  ninety-eight  feet  ten  inches  to  the  said  northwest 
corner  of  "  K  "  Alley  and  Park  Avenue ;  thence  northerly  bind- 
ing on  the  west  side  of  Park  Avenue,  one  hundred  and  twenty- 
five  feet  to  the  place  of  beginning. 


"  Being  the  same  lot  or  parcel  of  ground  which  by  deed 
dated  November  15th,  1916,  and  recorded  among  the  Land 
Eecords  of  Baltimore  City  in  Liber  S.  C.  L.  No.  3090,  folio 
237,  etc.,  was  granted  and  conveyed  by  the  Trustees  of  the 
Sheppard  and  Enoch  Pratt  Hospital  unto  the  said  party  of  the 
first  part  in  fee  simple. 

"  Together  with  the  buildings  and  improvements  upon  said 
lot,  erected  or  to  be  erected,  and  all  the  rights,  alleys,  ways, 
waters,  privileges,  appurtenances  and  advantages  to  the  same 
belonging  or  in  anywise  appertaining. 

"  To  Have  and  to  Hold  the  same  unto  and  to  the  use  of  the 
said  party  of  the  second  part  and  its  successors,  in  fee  simple. 

"  Provided  Always  that  the  lot  of  ground  and  premises 
hereby  conveyed  shall  never  be  sold,  mortgaged,  or  aliened  by 
the  said  party  of  the  second  part,  or  its  successors,  but  the  same 
shall  be  held,  occupied,  used  and  enjoyed  by  the  said  party  of 
the  second  part  and  its  successors  for  the  corporate  purposes  of 
the  said  Maryland  Historical  Society,  and  for  containing  its 
library  and  other  collections  and  records,  and  as  the  site  and 
location  of  said  Society,  in  order  that  the  same  may  remain  as 
a  memorial  to  the  said  H.  Irvine  Keyser  (but  nothing  herein 
shall  prevent  the  party  of  the  second  part  from  permitting  the 
occasional  use  of  the  halls  or  rooms  of  the  building  on  said  lot 
for  purposes  deemed  consistent  with  the  objects  of  said  party  of 
the  second  part)  ;  and  provided  further  that  upon  breach  of 
any  of  the  conditions  above  stated,  it  shall  and  may  be  lawful 
for  said  party  of  the  first  part,  her  heirs  and  assigns,  to  reenter 
upon  the  premises  hereby  conveyed  and  the  same  to  have  again, 
possess,  occupy  and  enjoy  as  if  this  deed  had  never  been  made ; 
and  in  such  case  this  deed  shall  from  thenceforth  be  utterly 
void  and  of  no  effect,  in  law  or  equity. 

"And  the  said  party  of  the  first  part  further  reserves  the 
right  to  construct  and  complete  the  fire-proof  addition  or  library 
in  the  rear  of  the  building  now  on  said  lot,  for  which  plans  are 
now  being  prepared  by  the  party  of  the  first  part ;  and  for  the 
payment  of  the  cost  of  which  she  has  made  arrangements  in  the 


event  of  her  own  death  before  said  plans  are  fully  carried  out 
and  said  addition  completed. 

"And  the  said  party  of  the  first  part  hereby  covenants  that 
she  will  warrant  specially  the  property  hereby  conveyed  (sub- 
ject to  the  conditions  aforesaid),  and  that  she  will  execute  such 
further  assurances  thereof  as  may  be  requisite. 

"  In  Testimony  Whereof  the  said  party  of  the  first  part  has 
hereunto  set  her  hand  and  seal. 

(Signed)  Mary  Washington  Keyser."     (Seal.) 

"  Louis  Pepplee." 

"  State  of  Maryland  ) 
_.  _  }  ss: 

City  of  Baltimore     J 

"  I  hereby  Certify  that  on  this  18th  day  of  December,  in 
the  year  nineteen  hundred  and  sixteen,  before  the  Subscriber, 
a  Notary  Public  of  the  State  of  Maryland,  in  and  for  Baltimore 
City,  personally  appeared  Mary  Washington  Keyser,  and 
acknowledged  the  foregoing  deed  to  be  her  act. 

"Witness  my  hand  and  notarial  seal. 

"Louis  Pepplee, 

Notary  Public." 

Judge  Stockbridge  thereupon  made  the  following  motion 
which  was  seconded  by  Mr.  Spencer  and  passed  unanimously: 

"  I  move  that  the  deed  from  Mrs.  Mary  Washington  Keyser 
to  the  Maryland  Historical  Society  be  accepted  and  that  the 
Treasurer  of  the  Society  be  directed  to  have  the  same  duly 
recorded,  and  that  when  recorded  that  the  Recording  Secretary 
be  directed  to  enter  a  transcript  of  the  same  in  full  upon  the 
minutes  of  this  Society,  together  with  the  letter  from  Mrs. 
Keyser  transmitting  the  same." 

Judge  Stockbridge  made  a  very  interesting  statement  also  in 
regard  to  the  development  of  the  plans  which  Mrs.  Keyser  has 
in  mind  for  the  improvement  of  the  property  which  is  to  be 
the  new  home  of  the  Society.     In  doing  so,  he  referred  to  the 


fact  that  Mrs.  Keyser  had  visited  personally  with  an  architect 
a  number  of  the  libraries  of  Historical  Societies  in  the  eastern 
part  of  the  United  States. 

Under  the  head  of  miscellaneous  business,  President  War- 
field  called  attention  to  the  fact  that  according  to  the  By-Laws 
of  the  Society,  nominations  should  be  made  at  that  meeting 
of  the  Society.  Mr.  Culver  thereupon  made  the  following 
report : 

"  Gentlemen : 

"  Your  Committee  elected  at  a  regular  meeting  of  the  Mary- 
land Historical  Society,  held  on  Monday,  December  11th,  1916, 
for  the  purpose  of  suggesting  for  nomination  at  the  next  regular 
meeting  to  be  held  on  Monday,  January  8th,  1917,  names  for 
ameers  of  the  Society  and  members  of  its  Standing  Committees, 
who  shall  serve  the  ensuing  year  1917,  (See  Art.  Ill,  Sec.  9, 
of  the  Constitution),  desire  to  report  as  follows: 

"  Your  Committee  aforesaid,  has  prepared  a  list  of  proposed 
nominees  which  we  respectfully  submit  to  the  consideration  and 
action  of  this  Society.  During  the  year  past,  three  members 
of  Committees,  Messrs.  Clayton  C.  Hall,  John  A.  Tompkins 
and  Moses  K.  Walter  have  been  removed  by  death.  Their  places 
are  herein  tentatively  supplied  by  the  names  of  gentlemen  who 
are  worthy  to  be  their  successors.  With  this  exception,  no  ma- 
terial change  has  been  made  in  the  former  personnel.  Before 
preparing  this  list,  various  chairmen  and  members  of  the  exist- 
ing committees  were  consulted.  Attached  hereto  will  be  found 
a  list  of  the  proposed  nominees.* 

"  Very  truly, 

Francis  B.  Culver, 
William  H.  Lytle, 
Edward  Ingle, 


The  Society  had  the  pleasure  of  hearing  another  paper  from 
Mr.  Semmes  based  upon  his  biography  of  the  late  John  H.  B. 

*See  pages  87,  88. 


Latrobe.  Mr.  Semmes  gave  a  most  interesting  and  instructive 
account  of  the  early  days  of  the  foundation  of  the  Maryland 
Institute  which  was  the  result  very  largely  of  the  labors  of  Mr. 
Latrobe.  He  also  spoke  of  Mr.  Latrobe's  connection  with  the 
American  Historical  Society  and  his  relations  with  Mr.  John 
P.  Kennedy  and  other  men  of  letters  during  his  career  as  law- 
yer, painter,  architect,  poet  and  as  the  author  of  the  classic  work 
on  the  Justice  of  the  Peace.  Upon  the  conclusion  of  Mr. 
Semmes'  paper,  General  Trippe  voiced  the  feeling  of  apprecia- 
tion and  gratitude  of  the  Society  to  Mr.  Semmes  for  the  pleasure 
which  his  address  had  afforded. 

The  Society  adjourned  at  10.15  p.  m. 

Meeting  of  February  12th,  1917. — The  regular  monthly 
meeting  of  the  Society  was  called  to  order  at  the  home  of  the 
Society  at  8.30  p.  m.  with  President  Warfield  in  the  chair. 

In  the  absence  of  the  Secretary,  Vice-President  Stockbridge 
served  as  Corresponding  Secretary. 

Miss  Harriett  P.  Marine  presented  three  handsome  volumes 
entitled  "  Art  Essays,"  by  Virginia  Lowman  Hoult,  on  behalf 
of  the  American  Daughters  of  the  Revolution.  At  the  request 
of  the  chair  Miss  Marine  explained  the  character  of  the  work. 
She  stated  that  copies  of  the  work  are  not  for  sale,  but  are  issued 
by  Mr.  Hoult  at  his  personal  expense  for  private  distribution 
as  gifts. 

Upon  motion  of  Judge  Stockbridge,  the  Society  expressed 
its  thanks  to  Mr.  Cornelius  Hoult  and  to  the  Daughters  of 
the  American  Revolution  for  their  interest  through  Miss  Ma- 
rine in  securing  copies  of  his  work  for  our  library. 

The  donations  to  the  cabinet,  which  had  been  presented  by 
Mr.  George  Warfield,  were  described  by  Vice-President  Stock- 
bridge.  These  included  a  cane  made  by  his  brother  from 
wood  taken  from  the  steamer  Cumberland  which  was  sunk  by 
the  Merrimac.  These  gifts  also  included  two  large  medallions, 
one  containing  a  representation  of  the  signing  of  the  Declara- 
tion of  Independence  and  another  an  imprint  of  the  language 


The  election  of  new  members  to  the  Society  resulted  as 
follows : 

Mr.  Joseph  Pache — Active 

Mr.  John  Gittings  Buchanan — Active 

Mr.  John  W.  Grace — Active 

Mr.  William  Champ  Eobinson — Active 

Mr.  Thomas  E.  Cottman — Active 

Mr.  Frank  Gosnell — Active 

Mr.  Tunstall  Smith — Active 

Mr.  Richard  Trippe — Active 

Mr.  Julien  M.  Friez — Active 

Mr.  Lucien  L.  Friez — Active 

Mrs.  H.  C.  Kirk — Active 

Mr.  Talbot  I.  Albert-Active 

Mr.  John  D.  Howard — Active 

Mr.  Joseph  Burden  Mitchell — Active 

Under  the  head  of  correspondence,  Vice-President  Stock- 
bridge  called  attention  to  important  correspondence  during  the 
past  month. 

Under  the  head  of  necrology,  the  Recording  Secretary  an- 
nounced that  on  January  18th,  1917,  Dr.  James  A.  Fechtig 
died.  He  had  been  elected  a  member  on  June  12th,  1883. 
The  Recording  Secretary  also  stated  that  on  January  21st, 
1917,  Dr.  John  W.  Chambers  died.  He  had  been  elected  a 
member  on  April  21st,  1909. 

Judge  Stockbridge  presented  the  following  letter  from  Mrs. 
Keyser : 

"Dear  Judge  Stockbridge: 

"Herewith  are  the  plans  of  the  New  Library  that  you 
kindly  offered  to  explain  at  the  meeting  this  evening  of  The 
Maryland  Historical  Society. 

"It  has  meant  much  to  me  that  this  Memorial  should  be 
my  own  work.  Therefore,  I  have  devoted  much  time  and 
thought  in  my  interest  in  each  minute  detail. 


"  I  now  feel  that  the  best  that  is  possible  has  been  accom- 
plished: for  this  site  and  the  dimensions  to  be  builded  on. 

"  While  communicating  with  the  main  house,  they  should 
not  be  attached. 

"  The  Library  will  be  strictly  and  entirely  fireproof,  beside 
conforming  as  nearly  as  compatible  with  the  old  structure, 
in  order  that  neither  should  suffer  by  contact. 

"  They  will  both  be  brick  and  marble,  severe  and  dignified 
in  outline,  etc. 

"  You  will  observe  that  since  our  last  interview,  I  have 
placed  over  the  windows  in  the  Picture  Gallery  the  "  Arms  of 
Maryland  "  and  on  either  side  the  dates  of  the  Society. 

"  Thanking  you  for  your  kind  interest  and  assistance 
throughout  my  undertaking,   I   am, 

"  Very  truly  yours, 
(Signed)     Mary  Washington  Keyser. 
104  West  Monument  St. 
February  12,  1917." 

The  Society  then  had  the  pleasure  of  examining  a  dozen  or 
more  blue  prints  showing  in  detail  the  plans  for  the  improve- 
ment of  the  property  which  is  to  be  the  new  home  of  the 

There  being  no  further  business,  the  meeting  adjourned. 


The  annual  meeting  of  the  Maryland  Historical  Society, 
held  on  February  12th,  1917,  was  called  to  order  at  8.30  p.  m. 
with  President  Warfield  in  the  chair. 

Mr.  John  E.  Sanford  was  selected  as  presiding  officer  and 
George  L.  Kadcliffe  as  secretary  of  the  meeting.  The  chair- 
man, upon  finding  that  a  quorum  was  present,  began  the 
regular  course  of  business.  The  list  of  nominations  for  offi- 
cers, trustees  of  the  Athenaeum  and  members  of  the  various 
committee  were  read  by  Mr.  Kadcliffe.     The  Chair  appointed 


Mr.  Samuel  B.  Cator  and  G.  H.  Strickland  as  tellers  of  elec- 
tion. As  there  was  no  contest  for  any  of  the  offices,  the  secre- 
tary was  directed  to  cast  the  ballot  of  the  Society  for  each  one 
of  the  candidates  for  the  position  for  which  he  had  been 
nominated.     This  was  done. 

President  Warfield,  speaking  for  the  Council,  gave  a  brief 
account  of  the  work  accomplished  by  the  Society  during  the 
year  just  ended.     He  said: 

"  This  year  1916  will  stand  out  in  the  annals  of  the  Mary- 
land Historical  Society  as  the  most  notable  one  in  its  history 
since  1843,  when  it  was  organized  and  steps  were  taken  to 
build  this  beautiful  home.  The  event  which  marks  this  as  a 
memorable  year  was  the  magnificent  gift  made  by  Mrs.  Mary 
Washington  Keyser  of  a  new  home  for  the  Society,  centrally 
located  on  the  corner  of  Park  Avenue  and  Monument  Street. 
This  home  was  given  by  Mrs.  Keyser  as  a  memorial  to  her  late 
husband,  H.  Irvine  Keyser,  Esquire,  who  became  an  active 
member  of  the  Society  in  1873.  It  will  be  a  beautiful  and 
enduring  monument  to  Mr.  Keyser  and  will  perpetuate  his 
memory  in  a  most  classic  and  historic  way,  associating  more 
closely  his  name  with  the  proud  and  sacred  records  of  Mary- 
land history. 

"  Mrs.  Keyser,  by  a  deed  dated  December  17th,  1916, 
conveyed  this  property  to  the  Society,  reserving  the  right  to 
construct  and  complete,  at  her  own  cost,  a  fire-proof  addition 
or  library  in  the  rear  of  the  building  now  on  said  lot,  in  which 
to  keep  the  valuable  books,  paintings,  works  of  art  and  rare 
and  priceless  historic  documents  owned  by  the  Society.  The 
erection  of  this  building  is  being  done  under  the  personal  super- 
vision of  Mrs.  Keyser.  She  has  engaged  experienced  archi- 
tects with  whom  she  has  visited  a  number  of  up-to-date  library 
buildings  of  other  historical  societies. 

"  Our  Society  is  fortunate  in  having  a  benefactor  who  is 
giving  her  time  and  exercising  her  good  taste  and  judgment 
in  the  erection  and  equipment  of  a  new  home,  which  she  pro- 


poses  shall  be  equal  in  every  respect  to  the  home  of  other 
notable  historical  societies. 

"  This  new  home  will  increase  the  ability  of  the  Society 
to  develop  its  historic  work.  The  patriotism  of  Mrs.  Keyser 
imposes  upon  the  members  of  this  Society,  as  well  as  upon 
every  public-spirited  citizen  of  this  state  and  city,  the  sacred 
duty  of  providing  an  endowment  fund  large  enough  to  yield 
a  sufficient  income  for  the  upkeep  of  this  new  home  and  for 
the  enlargement  of  the  work  of  the  Society.  We  should  to- 
night dedicate  ourselves  to  this  patriotic  work  and  solemnly 
resolve  that  we  will  not  cease  our  efforts  until  we  have  raised 
such  a  fund. 

"  The  Treasurer's  report,  submitted  herewith,  and  which 
gives  in  detail  the  receipts  and  disbursements,  shows  that  the 
gross  revenue  from  all  sources  amounted  to  $6,319.85.  The 
receipts  from  membership  dues  were  $3,167.00,  an  increase 
of  $468,00  over  last  year.  This  demonstrates  the  healthy 
growth  of  the  Society. 

"  It  gives  me  pleasure  to  state  that  we  elected  during  1916 
one  hundred  and  twenty-seven  (127)  active  members  and  that 
the  Society  now  has  a  total  membership  of  766,  which  is  the 
largest  in  its  history.  When  we  occupy  our  new  home  we 
should  have  a  membership  of  at  least  fifteen  hundred,  and  I 
ask  your  earnest  co-operation  in  bringing  about  such  a  result. 

"  I  submit  reports  of  the  several  standing  Committees,  which 
give  in  detail  the  work  accomplished  by  these  Committees  and 
through  them  by  the  Society.  They  will  be  published  in  full 
in  our  Magazine  and  they  should  be  carefully  read  by  all  of 
the-  members." 

The  President,  in  concluding,  spoke  feelingly  of  the  asso- 
ciations and  memories  which  cluster  about  the  beautiful  old 
room  in  which  the  Society  has  met  for  seventy-two  years.  He 
referred  to  the  fact  that  he  had  been  attending  meetings  of  the 
Society  for  thirty-eight  years,  and  confessed  that  a  feeling  of 
sadness  filled  his  heart  as  he  realized  that  this  would  be  the 
last  annual  meeting  in  the  old  home. 


Vice-President  Stockbridge  moved  that  the  report  of  the 
President  be  received,  placed  on  file  and  published  in  the 
Magazine.     The  motion  was  carried  unanimously. 

The  report  of  the  Treasurer  was  then  read  by  Mr.  Rad- 
cliffe  in  the  absence  of  Treasurer  Boyce.  It  was  received 
and  referred  to  the  auditing  committee  to  be  subsequently 

Keport  of  the  Treasures 


THE  YEAR  1916. 

Cash  on  hand,  January  1st,  1916 $    540  31 

Receipts : 

Current    Dues $  3,167  00 

Dues   in   Arrears 170  00 

Magazine  Sales,  Subscriptions,  etc 228  60 

Sales  of  Publications 24  15 

Investigations   and   Searches 78  90 

Use  of  Basement 189  00 

Income   of   Peabody   Fund 863  00 

Income  other  than  Peabody  Fund 381  00 

Deposits  in  Medal  Account 25  00 

Loan  from  Fidelity  Trust  Co 750  00 

Committee    on    Library 43  20 

Transferred   from    Special    Guarantee    Fund 400  00 

6,319  85 

$6,860  16 
Expenditures : 

General    Expense $  4,440  43 

Committee  on  Library 237  75 

Investigations   and   Searches 19  23 

General  Expense,  to  adjust  State  Account 8  02 

Magazine  Account 971  10 

Use  of  Basement   (Janitor) 117  00 

1915  Loan  paid  at  Fidelity  Trust  Co 750  00 

$6,543  53 

Cash  on  hand,  January  1st,  1917 316  63 




Cash  on  hand  January  1st,  1916 $245  48 

Amount   paid  by  members   for   1915 50  00 

Amount  paid  by  members   for   1916 227  00 

Amount  paid  by   members   for   1917 55  00 

Interest  to  December  26th 11  89 

343  89 

$589  37 
Transferred  to  General  Account 400  00 

$189  37 
Also  carried  in  this  account  pending  action  of  the 

Loyola    College $125  00 

Elizabeth  G.  Howard 100  00 

225  00 

Cash  on  hand,  January  1st,  1917 $414  37 

Amount  still  owing  for   1915 5  00 

Amount  still  owing  for  1916 39  00 

Amount  still  owing  for  1917 211  00 

Total  amount  still  owing $255  00 

Eeport  of  the  Trustees  of  the  Athenaeum  for  1916. 

The  annual  report  of  the  Trustees  of  the  Athenaeum  was 
made  by  Mr.  J.  Appleton  Wilson,  their  chairman,  as  follows : 

The  minor  repairs  have  been  attended  to  during  the  past 
year,  and  in  May  the  yard  on  the  West  of  the  building  was 
made  more  presentable,  the  brick  walls  painted,  the  decayed 
wood  capping  removed  and  glazed  terra  cotta  laid  in  cement 
substituted,  the  iron  hand  rail  to  rear  steps  was  renewed  and 
the  rails  and  gateway  cleaned  off  and  well  painted.  At  the 
same  time,  the  yard  wall  on  the  North  side  of  building  was 
repaired  and  the  entire  wood  capping  repaired  and  painted. 
During  the  year  a  number  of  the  sash  cords  which  had  worn 
out  were  renewed  with  chains.  In  October  the  railing  to  the 
area  on  the  Saratoga  Street  side  was  broken  away  by  an  auto- 
mobile crashing  into  it.    The  name'  of  the  owner  of  the  machine 


was  ascertained  and  we  have  sent  him  the  bill  for  the  repairs, 
but  so  far  without  securing  payment. 

We  have  examined  the  insurance  policies  covering  this  build- 
ing and  contents,  and  we  have  at  present  $40,000  on  the  build- 
ing, $25,000  on  books,  manuscripts,  maps,  etc.,  $6,500  on 
movable  furniture,  $6,000  on  paintings,  and  $500  on  casts  and 
statuary,  a  total  of  $78,000.  We  also  have  new  policies  on 
the  house,  201  West  Monument  Street,  for  $30,000,  and  on 
the  rear  building  for  $3,000,  all  expiring  on  December  22, 

Eespectfully  submitted. 
J.  Appleton  Wilson, 


Report  of  Committee  on  Art  Gallery 

Gentlemen : 

The  Committee  on  the  Art  Gallery  begs  leave  to  report 
that  there  were  no  additions  to  the  gallery  during  the  past 
year;  and  there  were  few,  if  any,  pictures  deposited  with  the 
Society.  This  is  probably  accounted  for  by  the  fact  that  the 
practice  of  accepting  articles  of  little  or  no  merit  has  been 
discontinued,  and  the  committee  recommends  that  the  future 
policy  of  the  Society  in  regard  to  the  gallery  should  be  to  re- 
ceive for  deposit  only  paintings  and  prints  of  intrinsic  merit 
or  historic  value.  In  other  words,  nothing  should  be  received 
that  the  committee  does  not  deem  worthy  to  be  exhibited. 

Very  respectfully, 

RlJXTON    M.    RlDGELY, 

Acting  Chairman. 

Report  of  the  Library  Committee 

The  Library  Committee  begs  to  report  the  following  addi- 
tions to  the  library  during  the  year  of  1916: 

49  volumes,  books  and  manuscripts  have  been  purchased  and 

4  magazines  acquired  by  subscription  to  the  cost  of $    82  98 

50  volumes  have  been  bound  at  a  cost  of 79  29 


1  filing  case  was  purchased  at  a  cost  of $     22  28 

Lord  Baltimore  medal  purchased,  but  afterwards  the  amount 
refunded  by  Colonial  Dames  of  America 43  20 

$227  75 

The  total  disbursements  authorized  by  the  Library  Commit- 
tee amounted  to  $237.75. 

The  Committee  would  call  attention  to  the  receipts  by  gift 
of  the  following: 

259  volumes,  139  pamphlets,  156  issues  of  magazines,  1 
map,  1  manuscript  volume,  4  photographs,  4  medals,  and  13 
miscellaneous  manuscripts. 

We  note  here  the  deposit  of  the  papers  of  David  B.  Warden 
by  Mrs.  George  K.  McGaw.  These  papers  were  described  in 
the  issue  of  the  Maryland  Historical  Magazine;  also  a  collec- 
tion of  Manuscripts  by  Capt.  T.  Worthington  Hollyday,  U. 
S.  A. 

Items  of  genealogical  interest  will  be  noted  in  the  report  of 
the  Committee  on  Genealogy. 

About  8,000  persons  consulted  90,000  volumes. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

Edward  B.  Mathews, 
Secretary,  Library  Committee. 

Report  of  Committee  oisr  Publication 

Gentlemen : 

The  Publication  Committee  respectfully  proposes  the  adop- 
tion of  the  following  resolution: 

Resolved — That  the  Magazine  Account  be  credited  with  the 
sum  of  $48  for  the  cost  of  printing  the  annual  report  of  the 
Society  and  the  list  of  members,  and  the  amount  charged  to 
General  Expenses ;  and  that  it  be  also  credited,  in  accordance 
with  the  terms  of  the  deed  of  gift  of  the  late  Mr.  George 
Peabody,  and  of  the  resolution  of  the  Society  adopted  January 
3,  1867,  with  the  sum  of  $431.50,  being  one-half  the  income 


for  the  current  year  of  the  investments  of  the  Peabody  fund; 
and  that  the  Magazine  Account  be  then  closed  by  appropriate 
entries  in  the  usual  manner. 

The  Committee  on  Publication  respectfully  reports  that  dur- 
ing the  year  it  has  caused  to  be  prepared,  four  numbers  of  the 
Maryland  Historical  Magazine  under  the  editorship  of  Louis 
H.  Dielman.  The  contents  of  the  Magazine  have  been  varied 
and  some  of  the  Articles  printed  have  been  quite  important. 
Both  as  a  medium  for  informing  the  members  of  the  Society 
of  its  activities  and  through  the  publication  of  interesting  ma- 
terial upon  the  history  of  the  State,  the  Magazine  performs 
very  useful  functions. 

The  much  regretted  death  of  Clayton  C.  Hall,  Esq.,  Editor 
of  the  Maryland  Archives,  and  Chairman  of  the  Committee, 
caused  a  reorganization  of  the  Committee,  with  Samuel  K. 
Dennis,  Esq.,  as  Chairman  and  John  M.  Vincent,  Ph.  D.,  as 
member  of  the  Council,  while  Bernard  C.  Steiner,  Ph.  D.,  suc- 
ceeded to  the  position  of  Editor  of  the  Archives,  and  prepared 
for  publication  Volume  36  of  the  Series.  This  volume  ap- 
peared in  the  beginning  of  November,  and  contains  the  Acts 
and  Proceedings  of  the  General  Assembly  from  1727-1729,  to- 
gether with  a  number  of  Acts  passed  between  the  years  1716 
and  1726,  but  not  previously  in  the  Archives.  The  value  of 
this  series  to  all  persons  who  have  occasion  to  study  the  Pro- 
vincial History  of  the  State,  increases  with  each  additional 

The  receipts  and  disbursements  on  Magazine  Account,  as 
exhibited  to  this  Committee  by  the  Treasurer  of  the  Society, 
were  as  follows: 


Vol.    X:  Cost  of  printing  No.  4     (December  No.  1915,  includ- 
ing index)    $    206  40 

Vol.  XI:  Cost  of  Printing  No.  1,  March  1916. 215  40 

Cost  of  printing  No.  2,  June  1916 127  00 

Cost  of  printing  No.  3,  September  1916 157  10 

$705  90 

!     150  00 

18  22 

96  58 


265  20 


Cost  of  Editing 

Cost   of   Copying 

Cost  of  Postage  and  Distribution 

Cost  of  Commissions  on  Advertisements . . 

$971  10 

Vol.  XI:  From  Sales    $    95  80 

From    Subscriptions 102  80 

From    Advertisements 30  00 

228  60 

Debit    Balance $742  50 

Against  which  is  to  be  credited  cost  of  printing 
Annual  Report  and  List  of  Members  in  March 
issue,  32  pages  at  $48 $48  00 

And  one-half  the  income  from  the  Peabody  Fund..  431  50 

479  50 

Leaving   the    sum   of $263  00 

To  be  charged  off  in  order  to  close  this  account  as  of  Dec.  31,  1916. 

In  order  to  ascertain  the  actual  cost  of  publishing  Volume  XI,  there  is 
to  be  added  to  the  amount  of  the  excess  of  disbursements  over  receipts 

for  the  first  three  numbers $536  10 

the  cost  of  printing  No.  4,  the  December  number 146  10 

and  deducted  therefrom  the  amount  of  the  credits  above  noted. .         479  50 

leaving  as  the  actual  cost  of  Volume  XI $202  70 

At  the  January  Session  of  the  General  Assembly  in  1916, 
the  usual  appropriation  of  $2,000  a  year  for  a  period  of  two 
years  for  the  publication  of  the  Archives  was  made.  This  ap- 
propriation, however,  is  now  made  in  the  General  Appropria- 
tion Bill,  instead  of  by  Special  Act,  and  is  payable  quarterly 
instead  of  semi-annually.  The  deficiency  in  the  payment  of 
the  appropriation  by  the  General  Assembly  in  1914  was  paid 
by  the  State  during. last  summer. 

The  following  statement  from  the  Treasurer  presents  this 
account  in  detail: 


Balance  on  hand  December  31,  1916 $    45  11 


Received  from  State  Appropriation  in  1916 4,000  00 

Received  from  interest  on  balance  in  bank 26  72 

Received  from  Sales  of  Archives   (1916) 186  36 

$4,258  19 

Paid  for  editing  Volumes  35  and  36 $     750  00 

Paid  for  printing  Volume  35  (616  pages) 1,367  58 

Paid  for  copying  manuscripts   (1916) 190  29 

Paid  for  sundries,  stationery,  etc 14  46 

2,322  33 

Balance  on  hand  December  31,  1916 $1,935  86 

The  bill  for  printing  Volume  36,  amounting  to  $1,713.35,  will 
be  paid  in  January. 

Kespectfully  submitted, 

Bernard  C.  Steiner, 
Samuel  K.  Dennis, 
John  Martin  Vincent, 


Keport  of  Committee  on  Finance 

Similar  action  was  taken  in  regard  to  tbe  report  of  tbe  Com- 
mittee on  Finance,  as  follows: 

Merchants-Mechanics  First  National  Bank, 

Baltimore,  Md.,  February  10,  1917. 

Hon.  Edwin  Warfield,  President, 

Maryland  Historical  Society,  Baltimore. 

Dear  Sir, 

I  beg  to  report  that  I  have  examined  the  securities  be- 
longing to  the  Society  in  the  custody  of  the  Treasurer,  Hey- 
ward  E.  Boyce,  Esq.,  contained  in  the  box  at  the  Fidelity 
Trust  Company,  as  per  the  following  list: 


$5,000  Atlantic  Coast  Line  Rwy.   (Louisville  &  Nashville  Collateral  4s). 

$5,000  Atlantic  Coast  Line  Rwy.  1st  Con.  Mortgage  4s. 

$5,000  Norfolk  &  Western  Rwy.  1st  Con.  Mortgage  4s. 

$5,000  Baltimore  &  Ohio  R.  R.  Prior  Lien  3%s. 

$1,000  United  Rwys.  &  Elec.  Co.  of  Baltimore  1st  Con.  4s. 

$1,200  Atlantic  Coast  Line  Co.  of  Conn.  Ctf.  of  Indebtedness  4s, 

Assignment    from    Robert    F.    McKim    Property    on    East    Street, 
yielding  $40  ground  rent  per  annum,  consideration  $1,000. 
$1,000  City  of  Baltimore  4  per  cent.  Engine  House  Loan. 
$4,000  United  Railways  &  Electric  Co.  of  Balto.  1st  Con.  4s. 
$2,000  Baltimore  &  Ohio  R.  R.  1st  4s. 

$400  Atlantic  Coast  Line  of  Conn.  5-20  4  per  cent.  Certificates. 
$1,000  Lexington  Street  Rwy.  5  per  cent.   1949. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

Douglas  H.  Thomas, 


Report  of  Committee  on  Membership 

Gentlemen : 

The  Committee  on  Membership  begs  to  report  that  there 
were  571  active  names  on  the  Membership  Roll  December  31, 

During  the  year  1916,  one  person  was  reinstated,  and  127 
were  elected  and  accepted  their  membership.  This  made  a 
total  of  699.  Deducting  from  this  number  the  losses  by  death 
and  resignation,  which  numbered  30  persons,  we  have  the  total 
state  of  Active  Membership  as  it  appeared  on  December  31, 
1916,  being  669. 

The  Associate  Members  on  December  31,  1916,  were  47,  and 
12  persons  were  elected  in  1916,  which  totaled  59  members. 
The  number  of  losses  by  death  and  resignation  was  4.  There- 
fore, there  were  on  the  Associate  Roll  on  December  31,  1916, 
55  members. 

The  Life  Membership  List  had  a  gain  of  one  member. 

The  number  of  persons  elected  during  the  year  of  all  classes 
was  1  Life,  12  Associate  and  127  Active,  making  a  total  of 
140  persons  elected  during  the  year  1916. 


The  total  number  on  roll,  including  all  classes,  to  December 
31,  1916,  was  768,  consisting  of: 

Honorary  Members 2 

Life  Members 4 

Corresponding  Members 38 

Associate  Members 55 

Active  Members 669 

Making  a  total  of 768 

724  pay  annual  dues. 

We  are  glad  to  note  the  increase  in  membership,  and  can 
state  that  it  was  due  to  the  activity  of  56  members. 
Respectfully  submitted, 

McHenry  Howard, 


Report  of  the  Committee  on  Genealogy 

Gentlemen : 

Your  committee  on  Genealogy  and  Heraldry  would  respect- 
fully report  as  follows: 

A  large  collection  of  pedigrees  and  genealogical  notes  of 
over  300  Maryland  families  made  by  the  late  Wilson  Miles 
Cary  was  deposited  with  the  Society  by- Miss  Cary  and  Mr. 
John  Brune  Cary. — (Reference  is  made  to  this  gift  in  the 
Maryland  Historical  Magazine,  Yol.  xi,  pp.  190-192.) 

Mr.  S.  W.  Townsend  of  New  York  City  presented  manu- 
script copies  of  data  bearing  on  the  Goodman,  Beard  and  Mc- 
Knew  families. 

Other  genealogical  data  received  during  the  year  were: 

A  chart  of  the  Jenkins  family  compiled  by  W.  W. 
Jenkins  in  1869,  presented  by  Mr.  F.  H.  Jenkins,  and 

A  typewritten  copy  of  the  Register  of  Births  and 
Baptisms  in  St.  Peter's  Parish,  Montgomery  County, 


Maryland,  copied  and  verified  by  Mrs.  Bertha  Hall 
Talbot  of  the  Janet  Montgomery  Chapter  of  the  D.  A. 
K.,  and  by  Mr.  Mortimer  Beecher  Hall,  and  presented 
by  Mrs.  Talbot. 

We  call  attention  to  the  care  shown  by  Dr.  Eldridge  C. 
Price  in  compiling  his  pedigree  on  the  blank  form  furnished 
by  the  Society  to  new  members  for  this  purpose.  Any  member 
who  has  not  availed  of  this  form  will,  on  application  at  the 
library,  be  supplied. 

This  is  the  only  work  of  the  year  which  called  for  the  notice 
of  your  committee. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

William  M.  Hayden, 


Report  of  Committee  on  Addresses 

Gentlemen : 

Your  Committee  on  Addresses  report  and  append  a  list  of 
papers  read  before  the  Maryland  Historical  Society  at  its 
monthly  meetings  during  1916  : 

Jan.  10.—"  The  First  Sixty  Years  of  The  Church  of  England  in  Maryland, 
1632-1692."  By  Mr.  Lawrence  C.  Wroth,  a  member  of  the 

Mar.  13. — "  A  Marylander  on  the  Bench  in  Egypt."  By  Mr.  Philemon  H. 
Tuck,  a  member  of  the  Society. 

Apr.  10. — "  Claiborne  and  Kent  Island  in  Maryland  History."  By  Mr. 
DeCourcy  W.  Thorn,  a  member  of  the  Society. 

May  8.— "John  H.  B.  Latrobe  and  His  Times,  1803-1819,  Including  Life 
in  Washington,  Trip  to  Pittsburg  and  First  Steamboat  Voy- 
age on  the  Mississippi."  By  Mr.  John  E.  Semmes,  Sr.,  a 
member  of   the   Society. 

Oct.  9.— "A  New  Englander's  Southern  Tour  in  1833:  Henry  Barnard's 
First  Experience  with  the  South."  By  Dr.  Bernard  C.  Stein- 
er,  a  member  of  the  Society. 

Nov.  13. — "  Personal  Reminiscences  of  a  Revolutionary  Officer."  By  Mr. 
Francis  B.  Culver,  a  member  of  the  Society. 

Dec.  11.— "The  Negro  Question:  John  H.  B.  Latrobe's  Efforts  to  Solve 
the  Problem."  By  Mr.  John  E.  Semmes,  a  member  of  the 


Upon  the  report  of  the  tellers  the  chair  announced  that  the 
elections  had  resulted  as  follows: 

Edwin  Wabfield. 

Vice-Presidents  : 

W.  Hall  Harris,  Henry  Stockbridge, 

DeCourcy  W.  Thom. 

Corresponding  Secretary : 
Richard  H.  Spencer. 

Recording  Secretary: 
George  L.  Radcliffe. 

Treasurer  : 
Heywood  E.  Boyce, 

Trustees  of  Athenceum: 

J.  Appleton  Wilson,  Chairman. 
William  H.  Greenway,  Clinton  L.  Riggs, 

A.  Leo  Knott,  Edward  Stabler,  Jr., 

H.  Oliver  Thompson. 

Committee  on\  the  Gallery: 

Miles  White,  Jr.,  Chairman. 
Ogden  A.  Kirkland,  Faris  C.  Pitt, 

J.  Wilson  Leakin,  Rtjxton  M.  Ridgley. 

Committee  on  the  Library: 

Louis  H.  Dielman,  Chairman. 
Walter  I.  Da  whins,  Edward  B.  Mathews, 

Richard  M.  Duvall,  Frederick  W.  Story, 

John  H.  Latan^j,  Thos.  J.  C.  Williams. 

Committee  on  Finance: 

Douglas  H.  Thomas,  Chairman. 
Robert  Garrett,  B.  Howell  Griswold,  Jr. 

Committee  on  Publications: 

Samuel  K.  Dennis,  Chairman. 
Bernard  C.  Steiner,  John  M.  Vincent. 


Committee  on  Membership: 

McHenry  Howabd,   Chairman. 
Joseph  Y.  Brattan,  William  H.  Lytle, 

James  D.  Iglehart,  Isaac  T.  Norris, 

Edward  Ingle,  J.  Hall  Pleasants,  Jr. 

Committee  on  Genealogy  and  Heraldry: 

Wm.  M.  Hayden,  Chairman. 
B.  Bernard  Browne,  William  J.  McClellan, 

Francis  B.  Culver,  Geo.  Norbury  Mackenzie, 

Thomas  E.  Sears. 

Committee  on  Addresses  and  Literary  Entertainments: 

Andrew  C.  Trippe,   Chairman. 
William  M.  Pegram,  Lawrence  C.  Wroth. 

Vice-President  Stockbridge  upon  the  request  of  Chairman 
Sanford  thereupon  escorted  President  War  field  to  the  Chair. 

The  Society  by  a  vote  expressed  its  thanks  to  Chairman 
Sanford  and  to  Tellers  Samuel  B.  Cator  and  G.  H.  Strickland 
for  the  efficient  manner  in  which  they  had  performed  their 
important  duties. 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  meeting  Governor  Warfield  ex- 
pressed his  appreciation  of  the  honor  which  the  Society  had 
done  him  in  re-electing  him  as  its  President  and  voiced  the 
hope  that  the  new  year  which  had  begun  under  such  auspicious 
circumstances  would  prove  to  be  the  most  successful  and  most 
momentous  one  in  the  history  of  the  Society. 



♦Died,  1916. 


Bbyce,  James,  LL.  D.  ( 1882) London,  England. 

Maeden,  R.  G.   (1902) 13  Leinster  Gardens,  London,  Eng. 


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Hills,  Mbs.  William  Smith  (1914) Grand  Rapids,  Mich. 

Howaed,  Miss  Elizabeth  Geay  ( 1916) .. 901  St.  Paul  Street. 

Nicholson,  Isaac  F.   (1884) 1018  St.  Paul  Street.      ■ 

Aldebman,  E.  A.,  LL.  D.   ( 1893 ) University  of  Va.,  University,  Va. 

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Foy,  Miss  Mary  E.  (1913) Box  90,  R.  D.  No.  1,  Los  Angeles,Cal. 

Bourgeoise,  Mrs.  A.  Calvert   (1911)  j 


Gifford,  W.  L.  R.    (1906) St.  Louis  Merc.  Lib.  Assoc,  Mo. 

Gordon,  Mrs.  Burgess  Lee   (1916) 601  7th  Ave.,  Spokane,  Wash. 

Guilday,  Rev.  Peter,  Ph.D.    (1915)  ..  .Catholic  University,  Wash.,  D.  C. 

Harrison,  Wm.  Preston  (1906) 1021  Laurence  St.,  Chicago,  111. 

Henderson,  C.  E.    ( 1907 ) Easton,  Md. 

Hoffman,  Samuel  V.    ( 1910) 258  Broadway,  New  York. 

Hopkins,  Samuel  Gover  (1911) 923  Chestnut  St.,  Phila.,  Pa. 

Janin,  Mrs.  Violet  Blair    (1916)  ....  12  Jackson  Place,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Johnson,  B.  F.    (1916) 926  Pennsylvania  Ave.,  Wash.,  D.  C. 

Johnson,  Frederick  T.  F.  (1915) McGill  Building,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Lake,  Richard  P.    ( 1900) Bank  of  Commerce,  Memphis,  Tenn. 

Leach,  Miss  May  Atherton  (1907) 2118  Spruce  St.,  Phila.,  Pa. 

Little,  Rev.  Francis  K.    (1916) (Rhinebeck,  N.  Y. 

Littlejohn,  Mrs.  Malcolm    (1916)  ..  .Flushing,  L.  I.,  N.  Y. 

McFadden,  Chas.    (1906) 3214  Powelton  Ave.,  Phila.,  Pa. 

McPherson,  Mrs.  Robert  W.  (1916)  . . .  1240,  19th  St.,  N.  W.,  Wash.,  D.  C. 

*Mansfield,  Mrs.  Walter  D.   (1914)  \  Fairmount  Hotel,  San  Francisco, 

I  Cal. 

Martin,  Mrs.  Edwin  S.  ( 1905 ) Nieiw  Straitsville,  Ohio. 

Morse,  Willard  S.   ( 1908) 120  Broadway,  N.  Y. 

Moss,  Jesse  L.  ( 1906) Newberry  Library,  Chicago,  111. 

Myers,  Thomas  M.    (1916) 262  Barrow  St.,  Jersey  City,  N.  J. 

Norris,  Octavus  J.    ( 1916) Washington  Apts. 

Owen-Chahoon,  Mrs.  M.  D.  (1913)  ..  .  .The  Woodward,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Phillips,  Mrs.  A.  Latimer  (1910) Shepherdstown,  W.  Va. 

Pierce,  Mrs.  Winslow  S.   (1915) "Dunstable,"  Bayville,  Long  Island. 

Rayner,  William  B.    (1914) 2641  Connecticut  Ave.,  Wash.,  D.  C. 

Rogers,  James  S.   (1910) 528  Farwell  Bldg.,  Detroit,  Mich. 

*Semmes,   Raphael  T.    ( 1906 ) Savannah,  Ga. 

Sheib,  S.  H.    ( 1907 ) Hermitage  Club,  Nashville,  Tenn. 

Spencer,  John  Thompson  (1907) 1507  Spruce  St.,  Phila.,  Pa. 

Stevenson,    Geo.   Urie    (1915) 1600  Broadway,  New  York  City. 

Tilghman,  Lieut.  Samuel  Harrison    >  Fort  R  Hawaii 

(1914)     S 

Turner,  Van  Arsdale  B.   (1910) Law  Bldg,  Wilmington,  Del. 

Williams,    Miss     Louisa    Stewart   )  ^ 

(1916)     [Ba^Ile,  L.  I..N.  Y. 

Wilson,  Samuel  M.    ( 1907 ) Trust  Co.  Building,  Lexington,  Ky. 


Where  no  P.  O.  Address  is  given,  Baltimore  is  understood. 

*Abercrombie  David    ( 1908 ) Emory  Grove,  Md. 

Abercrombie,  Dr.  Ronald  L.   (1916)  ...  10  Whitfield  Road,  Guilford. 

Agnus,  Felix  ( 1883 ) American  Office. 

Ames,  Joseph  S.    ( 1910) Charlcote  Place,  Guilford. 

Ammidon,  Daniel  C.    (1916) 4014  Green  way,  Guilford. 


Andrews,  C.  McLean,  Ph.D.  (1907)  ..  .Yale  Univ.,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Andrews,  Matthew  Page  (1911) 849  Park  Ave. 

Appold,  Lemuel  T.   ( 1902) Care  of  Colonial  Trust  Co. 

Armistead,  George  ( 1907 ) 1025  Cathedral  St. 

Arthurs,  Edward  F.    (1899) 628  Equitable  Building. 

Atkinson,  Robert  A.   (1914) 216  W.  Madison  St. 

Bagley,  George  P.  Jr.   (1916) 818  Fidelity  Building. 

Batly,  G.  Frank  ( 1908 ) 28  S.  Hanover  St. 

Baker,  J.  Henry  ( 1910 ) 2008  Park  Ave. 

Baker,  William  G.    (1916) Care  of  Baker,  Watts  &  Co. 

Baldwin,  Summerfield   ( 1899) 1006  N.  Charles  St. 

Barclay,  Mrs.  D.  H.    ( 1906) 14  E.  Franklin  St. 

Barrett,  Henry  C.    ( 1902) "The  Severn." 

Barroll,  Hope  H.   ( 1902 ) Chestertown,   Md. 

Barroll,  L.  Wethered  ( 1910) 609  Keyser  Bldg. 

Barry,  Samuel  H.,  (1916) 715   Greenmount  Ave. 

Bartlett,  J.  Kemp   ( 1900) 2100  Mt.  Royal  Ave. 

Barton,  Randolph    ( 1882) 207  N.  Calvert  St. 

Barton,  Randolph,  Jr.    ( 1915) 207  N.  Calvert  St. 

Bassett,  Mrs.  Chas.  Wesley   ( 1909 )  . .  2947  St.  Paul  St. 

Bayard,  Richard  H.  (1914) 707     Gaither  Estate  Bldg. 

Bayless,  Wm.  H.   ( 1915) 1101-2  Fidelity  Building. 

Beacham,  Robert  J.    ( 1914) Emerson  Tower  Bldg. 

Bealmear,    Herman     (1916) 1610  W.  Lanvale  St. 

Beatty,  Mrs.  Philip  Asfordby  (1910)  .229  E.  North  Ave. 

Beatson,   J.   Herbert    ( 1914) Fidelity  Trust  Co. 

Benjamin,  Roland   (1915) Fidelity  and  Deposit  Co.  of  Md. 

Benson,  Carville  D.   (1913) 1301    Fidelity  Building. 

Benson,  Chas.  Hodges  (1915) 515  N.  Carrollton  Ave. 

Berkeley,  Henry  J.,  M.  D.    (1906) 1305  Park  Ave. 

*Bernard,   Richard    ( 1898) 54  Central  Savings  Bank  Bldg. 

Berry,  Miss  Christiana  D.  ( 1907 )  . .  . .  322  Hawthorne  Road,  Roland  Park. 

Berry,  Jasper  M.,  Jr.,    (1907) 225  St.  Paul  St. 

Berry,  Thomas  L.  ( 1909 ) 702  Fidelity  Building. 

Bevan,  H.  Cromwell  ( 1902) 10  E.  Lexington  St. 

Bibbins,  Arthur  Barneveld    (1910)  ..  .2600  Maryland  Ave. 

Bibbins,  Mrs.  A.  B.    (1906) 2600  Maryland  Ave. 

Bicknell,  Rev.  Jesse  R.  (1910) 117  W.  Mulberry  St. 

Billstein,   Nathan    ( 1898) The  Lord  Balto.  Press. 

Birckhead,  P.  Macaulay   (1884) 509  Park  Ave. 

Birnie,  Clotworthy,  M.  D.   (1892) Taney  town,  Md. 

Bishop,  William  R.    ( 1916) 1700    St.    Paul    St. 

Bixler,  Dr.  W.  H.  H.   (1916) 418  N.Potomac  St.,Hagerstown,  Md. 

Black,  H.  Crawford    (1902) 11th  Floor  Fidelity  Building. 

Black,  Van  Lear  ( 1902) 11th  Floor  Fidelity  Building. 

Blackford,  Eugene    ( 1916) 200-4  Chamber  of  Commerce. 

Blake,  George  A.    (1893) 1212  N.  Charles  St. 


Bland,  J.  R.   (1902) U.  S.  Fidelity  &  Guaranty  Co. 

Bland,  Bichard  Howard   (1916) Catonsville,  Md. 

Bonaparte,  Chas.  J.,  LL.  D.  (1883) 216  St.  Paul  St. 

Bond,    Carroll   T.    (1916) 1125  N.  Calvert  St. 

Bond,  G.  Morris    ( 1907 ) 315  P.  O.  Building. 

Bond,  James  A.  C.   ( 1902) Westminster,  Md. 

Bond,  Thomas  E.    (1910) 726  Reservoir  St. 

Bonsal,  Leigh   (1902) 511  Calvert  Building. 

Bordley,  Dr.  James,  Jr.   (1914) 201  Professional  Bldg. 

Bosley,  Arthur  Lee    (1912) 1406  Mt.  Royal  Ave. 

Bosley,  Mrs.  Arthur  Lee  (1912) 1406  Mt.  Royal  Ave. 

Bouldin,  Mrs.  Charles  N.    (1916)  ...  .The  Homewood  Apts. 

Bowdoin,  Henry  J.    (1890) 401  Maryland  Trust  Building. 

Bowdoin,  Mrs.  Wm.  Graham  (1916)  . .  .1106  N.  Charles  St. 

Bowdoin,  W.  Graham,  Jr.   (1909) 401  Maryland  Trust  Building. 

Bowen,  Herbert  H.  (1915) .American  Office. 

Bowen,  Jesse  N.  (1916) 825  Equitable  Building. 

Bowers,  James  W.,  Jr.   (1909) 16  E.  Lexington  St. 

Bowers,   Thomas  D.    ( 1916) Chestertown,  Md. 

Bowie,  Clarence  K.    ( 1916) 3020  N.  Calvert  St. 

Boyce,  Fred.  G.,  Jr.,    (1916) 11  E.  Chase  St. 

Boyce,  Heyward  E.  ( 1912 ) 3   N.   Calvert  St. 

Boyden,   George  A.    ( 1911 ) Mt.   Washington. 

Bradford,  Samuel  Webster  (1916)  . .  .  .Belair,  Md. 

Brandt,  Miss  Minnie   (1908) 11  E.  Read  St. 

Brattan,  J.  Y.   ( 1902 ) American  Office. 

Brent,  Mrs.  Alice  Harris    (1916) The  St.  Paul  Apts. 

Brent,  Miss  Ida  S.   ( 1900) 1125  Bolton  St. 

Brent,  Robert  F.    ( 1908) 104  E.  Lexington  St. 

Bromwell,  Miss  Henrietta  E.   (1912)  .Box  50,  Denver,  Col. 

Brown,  Alexander  ( 1902) 712   Cathedral  St. 

Brown,  Arthur  George  (1883) 867  Park  Ave. 

Brown,  Edwin  H.,  Jr.    (1904) Oentreville,  Md. 

Brown,    Frank    ( 1896) 16  W.  Saratoga  St. 

Brown,  John  W.    ( 1890 ) 201  Ridgewood  Rd.,  Roland  Park. 

Brown,  Kirk   ( 1897) 1813  N.  Caroline  St. 

Brown,  Mrs.  Lydia  B.  (1902) 1412  Bolton  St. 

Brown,  Mrs.  William  T.   (1916) Chestertown,  Md. 

Browne,  Arthur  Lee  (1913) Riderwood,  Md. 

Browne,  B.  Bernard,  M.  D.   (1892) 510  Park  Ave. 

Browne,  Rev.  Lewis  Beeman  ( 1907 )  . .  .  Havre  de  Grace,  Md. 

Bruce,  Oliver  H.    (1913) Westernport,  Allegany  Co.,  Md, 

Bruce,  Oliver  H.,  Jr.,    (1913) Cumberland,  Md. 

Bruce,  W.  Cabell    (1909) 8  W.  Mt.  Vernon  Place. 

Bbune,  H.   M.    ( 1902 ) 841   Calvert  Building. 

Bryan,  Carryl  H.    (1914) Wardour,  Annapolis,  Md. 

Buckler,  Thomas  H.,  M. D.   (1913) ....  1201   St.  Paul  St. 


Burgan,  Rev.  H.  W.  (1910) Annapolis,  Md. 

Bubton,  Paul  Gibson   (1913) 108   E.  Lexington  St. 

Buzby,  S.  Stockton   ( 1902 ) 1214  St.  Paul  St. 

Calwell,  James  S.    ( 1911 ) 215  St.  Paul  St. 

Cabey,   James    ( 1913 ) 2220  N.  Charles  St. 

Caeey,  John  E.   ( 1893 ) "The    Mount,"    Walbrook. 

Caeboll,  Chas.  Bancboft  (1915) Doughoregan  Manor,  Howard  Co.,  Md. 

Caeboll,  Douglas  Gobdon   (1913) The  Washington  Apt. 

Caby,  Wilson  Miles    (1915) 18  E.  Eager  St. 

Catob,  Fbanklin  P.  (1914) 13-15  W.  Baltimore  St. 

Catob,  Geobge    ( 1911 ) 803  St.  Paul  St. 

Catob,  Samuel  B.  ( 1900) 711  N.  Howard  St. 

Chalmebs,  Rev.  Andbew  Bubns   (1914)2032  Park  Ave. 

*Chambebs,  John  W.,  M.  D.  (1909) 18  W.  Franklin  St. 

Chapman,  James  W.  Jr.    (1916) 2016   Park  Ave. 

Chapman,  W.  J.    ( 1916) 2306  Eutaw  Place. 

Chestnut,  W.  Calvin   (1897) 1137   Calvert  Building. 

Clabk,  Miss  Anna  E.  B.  (1914) 14  E.  Mt.  Royal  Ave. 

Close,  Philip  H.  ( 1916) Belair,  Md. 

Coad,  J.  F.   ( 1907 ) Charlotte  Hall,  Md. 

Coale,  W.  E.  ( 1908 ) 109   Chamber  of  Commerce. 

Cohen,  Miss  Beetha   (1905) 415  N.  Charles  St. 

Coleman,   William   C.    (1916) 16  E.  Eager  St. 

Colgan,  Edwaed  J.,  Jb.   (1915) 330  E.  22d  St. 

Colston,  Feedeeick  M.    (1911)  .. . 3  N.  Calvert  St. 

Colston,  Geobge  A.   ( 1914) 3  N.  Calvert  St. 

Coonan,  Edwaed  V.   (1907) Courtland  and  Saratoga  Sts. 

Coopeb,  Miss  H.  Fbances  (1909) 1415  Linden  Ave. 

Coopeb,  J.  Cbossan    (1912) Stock  Exchange  Building. 

Coppee,  William  B.   ( 1916) Chestertown,  Md. 

Coebin,  Mrs.  John  W.  (1898) 2208  N.  Charles  St. 

Cornee,  Thomas  C.   (1913) 269  W.  Biddle  St. 

Cottman,  J.  Hough   ( 1885 ) 812  Keyser  Building. 

Cotten,  Beuce   ( 1912) Cylburn,  Sta.  L.,  Mt.  Wash. 

Cotton,  Mbs.  Jane  Baldwin   (1896)  ..  .239  Beacon  St.,  Boston,  Mass. 

Cowan,  David  Pinkney  (1915) 1602  Eutaw  PI. 

Cbain,  Robebt    ( 1902) 2412  Eutaw  Place. 

Cbanwell,  J.  H.    ( 1895 ) Waynesboro,  Pa. 

Cbapstee,  Ebnest  R.   (1916) 321  St.  Paul  St. 

Cbomwell,  Mbs.  W.  Kennedy  (1916)  ..Lake   Roland. 

Cross,  John  Emory   (1912) Albion   Hotel. 

Culver,  Francis  Barnum  (1910) 125  W.  22d  St. 

Dabney,  Db.  William  M.   ( 1916) Ruxton,   Md. 

Dallam,  Richabd    ( 1897 ) Belair,  Md. 

Dalsheimer,  Simon   ( 1909 ) The  Lord  Baltimore  Press. 

Dandridge,  Miss  Anne  S.  (1893) 18  W.  Hamilton  St. 


Darnall,  R.  Bennett   ( 1906) 1129  Fidelity  Building. 

Dashiell,  Benj.  J.   ( 1914) Athol  Terrace,  P.  0.  Station. 

Dashiell,  N.  Leeke,  M.  D.   (1904) 2927  St.  Paul  St. 

Daugherty,  William  Grant  (1893) ..  .505  Maryland  Trust  Building. 

Davis,  Dr.  J.  S.   ( 1916) Biddle   and   Cathedral   Sts. 

Davis,  Septimus   ( 1907 ) Aberdeen,  Md. 

Davison,  George  W.  ( 1877) 11th  floor,  Garrett  Building. 

Dawkins,  Walter  I.   (1902) 1119  Fidelity  Building. 

Dawson,  William  H.    ( 1892) Law  Building. 

Day,  Miss  Mary  F.  ( 1907 ) Bradshaw,  Md. 

Dean,  Mary,  M.  D.   ( 1913 ) 901  N.  Calvert  St. 

Deems,  Clarence    ( 1913 ) The  Plaza. 

Deford,  B.  F.    (1914) Calvert   and  Lombard   Street. 

Deford,  Mrs.  B.  Frank,    (1916) Riderwood,  Md. 

Dennis,  James  U.    ( 1907 ) 2  E.  Lexington  St. 

Dennis,  Samuel  K.    ( 1905 ) 2  E.  Lexington  St. 

Denny,  James  W.   ( 1915 ) 1900  Linden  Ave. 

Diokey,  Charles  H.    ( 1902) /  Maryland  Meter  Company, 

I  Guilford  Av.  and  Saratoga  St. 

Dickey,  Edmund  S.    (1914) Maryland  Meter  Company. 

Dielman,  Louis  H.    (1905) Peabody  Institute. 

Dobler,  John  J.   ( 1898) 114  Court  House. 

Dodson,  Herbert  K.  (1909) 2206  N.  Charles  St. 

♦Donaldson,  John  J.  ( 1877 ) 220  St.  Paul  St. 

Donnelly,  William  J.    (1916) Commerce  and  Water  Sts. 

Dorsey,  Arthur    ( 1913) Hockley,  Annapolis,  Md. 

Doyle,  James  T.   ( 1916) 204  Augusta  Ave.  Irvington. 

Duffy,  Henry   ( 1916) 135    W.    Lanvale    St. 

Dugan,  Hammond  J.    (1916) 16  E.  Lexington  St. 

Duke,  W.  Bernard    (1909) Tudor  Hall,  Univ.  Parkway. 

Duke,  Mrs.  Katherine  Maria  ( 1908 )  . .  Riderwood,  Md. 

Dulaney,  Henry  S.  (1915) Charles  St.  and  Forest  Aves. 

Dunton,  Wm.  Rush,  Jr.,  M.  D.  (1902) .  .Towson,  Md. 

Duvall,  Richard  M.    (1902) 16  E.  Lexington  St. 

Duvall,  W.  E.  P.   ( 1914) Fidelity  Building. 

Earle,  Swepson  (1916) 512  Munsey  Building. 

Elliott,  Mrs.  Lily  Tyson  (1915) Ellicott  City,  Md. 

Ellis,  Mrs.  Theodore   (1908) 610  Springfield  Ave.,  Summit,  N.  J. 

Elmer,  Lewis  S.   ( 1916) 2011    Callow  Ave. 

Fahnestock,    Albert     (1912) 2503  Madison  Ave. 

Falconer,  Chas.  E.  (1915) 1630  Bolton  St. 

Faure,  Auguste    ( 1916) Windsor  Hills. 

Fechtig,  James  Amos,  M.  D.  (1893) 1303  N.  Charles  St. 

Ferguson,  J.  Henry    ( 1902) Colonial  Trust  Co. 

Field,  Charles  W.   ( 1902) 801  Calvert  Building. 

Fisher,    D.   K.   E.    ( 1916) 1301  Park  Ave. 


Fisher,  Miss  Grace  W.    (1907) 1420  Park  Ave. 

Fitchett,  Thomas  H.    (1916) Merc.  Trust  and  Deposit  Co. 

*Ford,  Isaac  Henry    (1914) 1412  N  St.,  N.  W.,  Washington,  D.C. 

Ford,  Miss  Sarah  M.  (1916) 1412  NT.  St.,  N.  W.,  Wash'n,  D.  C. 

Foster,  Mrs.  Reuben   (1909) 2301  N.  Charles  St. 

France,  Dr.  Joseph  I.    (1916) 15  W.  Mt.  Vernon  Place. 

France,  Mrs.  J.  I.   (1910) 15  W.  Mt.  Vernon  Place. 

Freeman,    Bernard    (1916) Orkney  Road,  Govans,  Md. 

Freeman,  J.  Douglas    (1914) Orkney  Road,  Govans,  Md. 

Frick,  George  Arnold    (1914) 906  Maryland  Trust  Bldg. 

Frick,  J.  Swan   ( 1895) Guilford. 

Frick,  John  W.    ( 1916) 835    University    Parkway. 

Furst,  Frank  A.  (1914) Liberty  Road  and  Chestnut  Ave. 

Furst,  J.  Henry   ( 1915) 23  S.  Hanover  St. 

Gage,  Mrs.  Emma  Abbott  (1911) Annapolis,  Md. 

Gaither,  Thomas  H.    (1892) 815  Gaither  Building. 

Gaither,  Thomas  H.,  Jr.   (1916) 508  Cathedral  St. 

Gallagher,  Mrs.  Helen  M.  P.  (1916)  . .  1017  N.  Calvert  St. 

Gambel,  Mrs.  Thos.  B.  ( 1915) 2017  St.  Paul  St. 

Gantt,  Mrs.  Harry  Baldwin  (1915)  . .  .  Millersville,  Md. 

Gardiner,  Asa  Bird,  Jr.    (1912) 520  N.  Calvert  St. 

Garnett,  J.  Mercer  (1916) 1239  Calvert  Building. 

Garrett,  John  W.    (1898) Garrett   Building. 

Garrett,  Robert    ( 1898) Garrett  Building. 

Garrett,  Mrs.  T.  Harrison   (1913) ....  Evergreen,   Charles   St.  Avenue. 

Gary,  E.  Stanley   (1913) 722  Equitable  Building. 

Gary,  James  A.  ( 1892) 1200  Linden  Ave. 

Gault,  Matthew    (1914) 1422  Park  Ave. 

Gibbs,  John  S.,  Jr.  (1914) 1026  N.  Calvert  St. 

Gibson,  W.  Hopper  (1902) Centreville,  Md. 

Girdwood,  Allan   C.    (1916) Union  Trust  Building. 

Gittings,  James  C.  ( 1911 ) 613  St.  Paul  St. 

Gittings,  John  S.    (1885) 605  Keyser  Building. 

Glenn,    John,    Jr.    ( 1915) 12  St.  Paul  St. 

Glenn,  John  M.    ( 1905 ) 136  E.  19th  St.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Glenn,  Rev.  Wm.  Lindsay  (1905) Emmorton,  Md. 

Goldsborough,  A.  S.    (1914) 2712    St.    Paul    St. 

Goldsborough,  Charles    (1908) 924  St.  Paul  St. 

Goldsborough,  Louis  P.    (1914) 35  W.  Preston  St. 

Goldsborough,  Murray  Lloyd  (1913) .  .Easton,  Md. 
Goldsborough,  Phillips  Lee  (1915)  . .  .  839  University  Parkway. 

Goodnow,  Dr.  Frank  J.    (1916) Johns  Hopkins  University. 

Goodrich,  G.  Clem   ( 1916) 110  E.  German  St. 

Gordon,  Mrs.   Douglas  H.    (1916) 1009  N.  Charles  St. 

Gordon,  Douglas  H.    (1896) 25  E.  Baltimore  St. 

Gore,  Clarence  S.,  D.  D.  S.  (1902) 1006  Madison  Ave. 

Gorter,  James  P.   ( 1902) 128  Court  House. 


Goucheb,  John  F.,  D.  D.    (1908) 2313  St.  Paul  St. 

Gough,  Mbs.  S.  Pike  (1916) 1700  St.  Paul  St. 

Gould,  Clabence  P.   (1908) Univ.  of  Wooster,  Wooster,  Ohio. 

Gbafflin,  William  H.  ( 1892 ) Vickers   Building. 

Graham,  Albeet  D.    (1915) Citizens'  National  Bank. 

Geaves,  Miss  Emily  E.   (1916) 304  W.  Monument  St. 

*Geaves,    Wm.    B.    ( 1909 ) Pikesville,  Md. 

Geeenway,  William  H.  (1886) 2322  N.  Charles  St. 

Geegg,  Maueice  ( 1886 ) 222  St.  Paul  St. 

Geieves,  Claeence  J.,  D.  D.  S.   (1904)..  201   W.  Madison   St. 
Geiffis,  Mes.  Maegaeet  Abell  (1913)  .702  Cathedral  St. 

Geiffith,  Mes.  Maby  W.    (1890) Stoneleigh  Court,  Wash.,  D.  C. 

Gbindall,   De.   Chaeles    (1916) 5  E.   Franklin  St. 

Geiswold,  B.  Howell,  Je.  (1913) Alex.  Brown  &  Sons. 

Habightjest,  Mes.  Chas.  F.   (1916) 1620  Bolton  St. 

*Hall,  Clayton  C.  ( 1880 ) 1124  Cathedral  St. 

Haman,  B.  Howaed    ( 1912 ) 1137  Calvert  Bldg. 

Hambleton,  Mes.  F.  S.   (1907) Hambledune,    Lutherville,   Md. 

Hambleton,  T.  Edward  (1914) Hambleton  &  Co.,  8  S.  Calvert  St. 

Hammond,  Edwaed  M.   (1914) 803  Union  Trust  Bldg. 

Hammond,  John  Maetin   (1911)....  i  203  W'  Walnut  Lane> 

(  Germantown,  Pa. 

Hance,  Mes.  Tabitha  J.    (1916) 2330  Eutaw  Place. 

Hancock,  James  E.   (1907) 2221   St.  Paul  St. 

Hann,  Samuel  M.   (1915) 108  E.  Elmhurst  Ed.,  Roland  Park. 

Hanson,  Mes.  Aquilla  B.  ( 1907) Buxton,  Md. 

♦Hanson,  John  W.    ( 1887 ) 7  E.  Franklin  St. 

Haelan,  Heney  D.,  LL.  D.    ( 1894) Fidelity  Building. 

Haelan,  William  H.    ( 1916) Belair,  Md. 

Haeley,  Chas.  F.  ( 1915) Title  Building. 

Haelow,  James  H.   ( 1916) Darlington,    Md. 

*Haeman,  S.  J.    ( 1902) 1418  Fidelity  Building. 

Hareington,  Emeeson  C.    (1916) Annapolis,    Md. 

Haebis,  W.  Hall  ( 1883) 216  St.  Paul  St. 

Haeeis,  Wm.  Hugh    (1914) 1219  Linden  Ave. 

Harbison,  Geoege   ( 1915 ) 1615  Eutaw  PL 

Haeeison,  J.  Edwaed  ( 1915 ) 1601  Linden  Ave. 

Haet,  Robebt  S.    (1915) Fidelity  Building. 

*Haetman,  A.  Z.   ( 1903 ) 732  W.  North  Ave. 

Hattee,  Mes.  Maey  S.  C.  (1914) 1623  Bolton  St. 

Hayden,  William  M.   (1878) Eutaw  Savings  Bank. 

Haywaed,  F.  Sidney   (1897) Harwood  Ave.,  Govans,  Md. 

Hendeick,  Mes.  Calvin  W.  (1915) Hotel  Albion. 

Heney,  J.  Winfield    ( 1902) 107   W.   Monument   St. 

Henry,  Mes.  Robeeta  B.  (1914) Waterbury,  Md. 

Heney,  W.  Laied  (1915) 17th  floor  Munsey  Building. 

Hilken,  H.  G.   ( 1889 ) 133  W.  Lanvale  St. 



Hill,  John  Philip   (1899) 712  Keyser  Building. 

Hinbley,  John    ( 1900) 215  N.  Charles  St. 

Hisky,  Thomas  Foley    (1888) 215  N.  Charles  St. 

Hodgdon,  Mrs.  Alexander  L.  (1915)  ..  .Pearsons,  St.  Mary's  Co.,  Md. 

Hodges,  Mrs.  Margaret  R.   (1903) ..  j  142  Duke  of  Gloucester  St., 

I  Annapolis,  Md. 

Hodson,   Eugene  W.    ( 1916) Care  of  Thomas  &  Thompson. 

Hoffman,  J.  Henry,  D.D.S.   (1914) 1807  N.  Charles  St. 

Hoffman,  R.  Curzon   (1896) 1300  Continental  Trust  Building. 

Holden,   Dr.  Floyd  T.    (1916) 2008  Guilford  Ave. 

Hollander,  Jacob  H.,  Ph.D.    (1895)  .  .Johns  Hopkins  University. 

Hollaway,  Mrs.  Chas.  T.  (1915) . . . .  i  Care  Mrs'  Chas'  K  Hollawa7> 

(  Normandie  Heights,  Md. 

Homer,  Charles  C,  Jr.  ( 1909 ) Mt.  Washington. 

Homer,  Francis  T.   ( 1900) 40  Wall  St.,  New  York,  K  Y. 

Homer,  Mrs.  Jane  Abell   (1909) Riderwood,   Baltimore  Co. 

Hopper,  P.  Lesley    ( 1892) Havre  de  Grace,  Md. 

Hopkins,   John   Howard    (1911) Sta.  E,  Mt.  Washington  Heights. 

Horsey,    John    P.     ( 1911 ) 649  Title  Building. 

Howard,  Charles  MoHenry  (1902) 1409  Continental  Trust  Building. 

Howard,  Charles  Morris  ( 1907 ) 700  Equitable  Building. 

Howard,  Harry  C.   ( 1907 ) 939  St.  Paul  St. 

Howard,  McHenry    ( 1881 ) 901  St.  Paul  St. 

Howard,  Wm.  Ross    ( 1916) Guilford  Ave.  and  Pleasant  St. 

Hubbard,  Wilbur  W.   (1915) Keyser    Building. 

Hughes,  Adrian    ( 1895 ) 223  St.  Paul  St. 

Hughes,  Thomas   ( 1886 ) 223  St.  Paul  St. 

Hull,  Miss  A.  E.  E.   (1904) The  Arundel. 

Hume,  Edgar  Erskine,  M.  D.    (1913)  ..  Johns  Hopkins  Club. 

Hunter  W.  Carroll    ( 1916) White  Hall,  Md. 

Hunting,   E.    B.    (1905) 705  Calvert  Building. 

Hubd,  Henry  M.,  M.  D.    (1902) 1023  St.  Paul  St. 

Hurst,   Charles    W.    (1914) 24  E.  Preston  St. 

Hurst,  J.  J.    ( 1902 ) Builders'  Exchange. 

Hurst,  William  B.   (1916) 3  W.  Mt.  Vernon  Place. 

*Hutton,   Gaun  M.    ( 1890) 838  Hollins  St. 

Hyde,  Enoch  Pratt    ( 1906) 223  W.  Monument  St. 

Hyde,  Geo.  W.   ( 1906) 225  E.  Baltimore  St. 

Iglehart,  Francis  1ST.    (1914) 14  E.  Lexington  St. 

Iglehart,  Iredell  W.  ( 1916) 506-7    Carroll   Building. 

Iglehart,  James  D.,  M.  D.    (1893) 211  W.  Lanvale  St. 

Iglehart,  Mrs.  James  D.   (1913) 211  W.  Lanvale  St. 

Ijams,  Mrs.  George  W.  (1913) 4509  Liberty  Heights  Ave. 

Ingle,  Edward  ( 1882) The  Cecil. 

Ingle,    William    ( 1909 ) 1710  Park  Ave. 

Jackson,  Mrs.  George  S.   (1910) 34  W.  Biddle  St. 

Jacobs,  Mrs.  Henry  Barton    (1916)..  11  W.  Mt.  Vernon  Place. 

Jones,  Aethue  Lafayette  (1911) .. .  j 


Jacobs,  Henby  Babton,  M.  D.  (1903)  ..11  W.  Mt.  Viexnon  Place. 

Jamab,  Db.  J.  H.    ( 1916) Elkton,  Md. 

James,    Nobman    ( 1903 ) Catonsville,  Md. 

Jenkins,   E.  Austin    (1880) 831  Munsey  Building. 

Jenkins,   Geobge   C.    (1883) 16  Abell  Building. 

Jenkins,  Thos.  W.   ( 1885) 1521  Bolton  St. 

Johnson,  J.  Altheus  (1915) Seat  Pleasant,  Prince  Geo.  Co.,  Md. 

Johnson,  J.  Hemsley   (1916) 225  W.  Monument  St. 

*  Johnson,  William  Fell  ( 1902 ) Brooklandville,  Md. 

Johnstone,  Miss  Emma  E.   (1910) 855   Park  Ave. 

Care  of  J.  S.  Wilson  Co., 

Calvert  Building. 

Jones,  Elias,  M.  D.  ( 1902) Custom  House. 

Jones,   T.   Babton    (1914) 1213-14   Fidelity  Bldg. 

Kaeb,  Habey  E.    ( 1913) 1301  Fidelity  Bldg. 

Keech,  Edw.  P.,   Jb.    (1909) 900-901  Maryland  Trust  Bldg. 

Keidel,  Geo.  C,  Ph.  D.   (1912) 136  E.  Capitol  St.,  Wash't'n,  D.  C. 

Kennedy,  Joseph  P.  (1915) 603  University  Parkway. 

Keys,  Miss  Jane  G.    ( 1905 ) 208  E.  Lanvale  St. 

*Keyseb,  H.  Ievine   ( 1873 ) Keyser  Bldg. 

Keyseb,    Mbs.    Maey    Washington    ) 

,-,g94)  y  Eccleston,  Md. 

Keyseb,   R.   Beent    (1894) 910   Keyser  Building. 

King,  Henby  L.    ( 1916) 13-19  W.  North  Ave. 

Kinsolving,  Rev.  Abthue  B.   (1908)...  24  W.  Saratoga  St. 

Kibk,  Henby  C,  Je.    (1908) 106   E.   Baltimore  St. 

*Kiek,  Joseph  L.  ( 1906) 

Kiekland,  Ogden  A.    ( 1889) 17  W.  Mulberry  St. 

Klinefeltee,  Mbs.  Emily  Hendbix      >  Chestertownj  M(L 

(1915)    ) 

Knapp,    Chaeles    H.    (1916) 1418  Fidelity  Building. 

Knott,  A.  Leo   ( 1894) Belvedere  Hotel. 

Koch,   Charles  J.    ( 1905 ) 2915  E.  Baltimore  St. 

Knapp,  Charles  H.    ( 1914) Fidelity  Bldg, 

Knox,  J.  H.  Mason,  Je.,  M.  D.   ( 1909 )  . .  804  Cathedral  St. 

Lacy,  Benjamin    ( 1914 ) 1630  Linden  Ave. 

Lanahan,  Mes.  Chas.  (1915) Washington  Apartments. 

Lankfoed,  H.  F.    ( 1893) Princess  Anne,  Md. 

Latan£,  John  Holladay,  Ph.D.,  LL.  D.  (1913)  Johns  Hopkins  Univ. 

Leakin,  J.  Wilson   (1902) 814   Fidelity  Building. 

Ledeeee,  Lewis  J.   (1916) Marine  Bank  Building. 

Lee,  H.  C.   ( 1903) 23  W.  20th  St. 

Lee,  John  L.  G.  ( 1916) 511   Calvert  Building. 

Lee,   Richard   Laws    (1896) 232  St.  Paul  St. 

Legg,  John  C,  Jb.   (1916) 110  E.  German  St. 

Lehe,  Robeet  Olivee   (1916) 302  Exchange  Place. 

Leveeing,  Edwin  W.   (1916) Calvert  and  German  Sts. 


Levering,    Eugene    ( 1895 ) 26  South  St. 

Levy,  William  B.    ( 1909 ) 1 1th  floor,  Fidelity  Building. 

Linthicum,  J.  Charles   ( 1905) 217  St.  Paul  St. 

Livezey,  E.    ( 1907) 22  E.  Lexington  St. 

Ljungstedt,  Mes.  A.  O.  ( 1915) Bethesda,  R.  D.  1,  Mont.  Co.,  Md. 

Lloyd,  C.  Howard    ( 1907 ) 1120  St.  Paul  St. 

Lloyd,   Henry    ( 1902 ) Cambridge,  Md. 

Lloyd,  Upshur  ( 1909 ) Easton,  Md. 

Lockwood,  William  P.,  M.  D.   (1891)..  8  E.  Eager  St. 

Lucas,  Wm.  F.,  Jr.  ( 1909) 221  E.  Baltimore  St. 

Lyell,  J.  Milton    ( 1916) 1163  Calvert  Building. 

Lyon,  Miss  Mary  A.   (1916) 1209  Madison  Ave. 

Lytle,  Wm.  H.  ( 1908) 1220  St.  Paul  St. 

McAdams,  Rev.   Edw.   P.    ( 1906 ) Glyndon,  Md. 

McAllister  Francis  W.    (1916) 520  Woodlawn  Rd.,  Roland  Park. 

McClellan,   William   J.    (1866) 1208  Madison  Ave. 

McColgan,  Charles  C.   (1916) 12  E.  Lexington  St. 

McCormick,   Roberdeau  A.    (1914) McCormick  Block. 

McCormick,  Thomas  P.,  M.  D.  (1902)  ..1421  Eutaw  Place. 

McEvoy,   James,   Jr.    ( 1909 ) 533  Title  Bldg. 

McGaw,  George  K.   ( 1902) Charles  and  Mulberry  Sts. 

Macgill,  Richard  G.,  Jr.   (1891) 110  Commerce  St. 

McGroarty,  William  Buckner  (1913)  .  119  E.  Baltimore  St. 
Mackall,  W.  Hollingsworth   (1909)  .  .Elkton,  Md. 
Mackenzie,  George  Norbury    (1890)..  2  E.  Lexington  St. 

McKeon,  Mrs.  E.  H.    (1910) 12  E.  Eager  St. 

McKim,  Mrs.  Hollins  (1916) The   Severn  Apts. 

McKim,    S.    S.    ( 1902 ) National  Union  Bank. 

Mackubin,  Miss  Florence  (1913) The  Brexton. 

McLane,    Allan    ( 1894) Garrison,  Md. 

McLane,  James  L.    ( 1888) 903  Cathedral  St. 

MoNeal,  J.  V.    ( 1907) 729  N.  Calvert  St. 

Macsherry,  Allan   (1914) 224  St.  Paul  St. 

Magruder,  Caleb  C,  Jr.    (1910) Upper  Marlboro,  Md. 

Maloy,  William  Milnes    (1911) 1403  Fidelity  Building. 

Mandelbaum,  Seymour   (1902) 617  Fidelity  Building. 

Manly,  Mrs.  Wm.  M.  (1916) 1109  N.  Calvert  St. 

Marbury,   William   L.    (1887) 700  Maryland  Trust  Building. 

Marine,  Miss  Harriet  P.   (1915) 2514  Madison  Ave. 

Marriott,  Telfair  W.  ( 1916) 217  St.  Paul  St. 

Marshall,  John  W.    ( 1902) 13  South  St. 

Marye,   William   B.    ( 1911 ) .222  E.  Biddle  St. 

Massey,   E.  Thomas    (1909) Masaey,  Kent  Co.,  Md. 

Mathews,  Edward  B.,  Ph.D.    (1905) .  .Johns  Hopkins  University. 

*Matthews,  Henry  C.  ( 1892) Albemarle  and  Fleet  Sts. 

May,   George    ( 1916) Maryland  Club. 

Meekins,  Lynn  R.    (1908) 2418  N.  Charles  St. 


Meieee,   T.   McKean    (1916) 1724  N.  Calvert  St. 

Meechant,  Henby  N.   ( 1915) 119  E.  Baltimore  St. 

Meeeitt,    Elizabeth     ( 1913 ) 3402  W.  North  Ave. 

*Mebbitt,  Mbs.  J.  Alfbed  ( 1909 ) 1309  17th  St.,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Mtddendobf,  J.  W.    (1902) .  .  .  1st  floor  Equitable  Building. 

Miles,  Joshua  W.    (1915) Custom  House. 

Millee,   Chables   R.    ( 1916 ) 2216  Linden  Ave. 

Milleb,  Mes.  Chaeles  R,   (1916) 2216  Linden  Ave. 

Millee,  Decatue  H.,  Je.    (1902) 506   Maryland  Trust  Building. 

Millee,  Edgae  G.,  Je.    (1916) Title  Bulding. 

Millee,  Walteb  H.    (1904) I  Care  of  Burton  Bros'' 

I  348  Broadway,  N.  Y. 

Milligan,  John  J.    ( 1916) 603  N.  Charles  St. 

Moody,  W.  Raymond    (1911) Chestertown,  Md. 

Mooee,  Miss  Maby  Wilson   (1914) 2340  N.  Calvert  St. 

Mobgan,    John   Hubst    (1896) 10  E.  Fayette  St. 

Mullen,  Miss  Elizabeth  L.    (1916)  ...206  E.  Eager  St. 

Mullen,  Rev.  Albeet  Oswald  (1912). .3 29  E.  Lafayette  Ave. 

Mubeay,   Daniel  M.    (1902) Elk  Ridge,  Md. 

Mubbay,  Rt.  Rev.  John  G.    (1908) Chas.   St.  Av.  and  Univ.  Parkway. 

Myebs,  William  Stake  (1902) 15  Alexander  St.,  Princeton,  N.  J. 

Myees,   Willis   E.    ( 1911 ) 10  E.  Fayette  St. 

Nash,  Chaeles  W.   ( 1908) 225   St.  Paul   St. 

Neal,  Rev.  J.  St.  Claie  (1914) Bengies,  Baltimore  Co.,  Md. 

Nelligan,  John  J.    ( 1907) Safe  Deposit  and  Trust  Co. 

Nelson,  Alexandee  C.    (1907) 210  E.  German  St. 

Newcomeb,  Waldo    (1902) National  Exchange  Bank. 

Nicodemus,  F.  Couetney,  Jb.    (1902)  . .  43  E.  18th  St.,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Nicolai,  Chaeles  D.    ( 1916) Wallis  Apts. 

Noeeis,  Jeffeeson  D.   (1914) 128  W.  Lanvale  St. 

Noebis,  Isaac  T.   ( 1865) 1224  Madison  Ave. 

Obeb,  Gustavus,  Je.   (1914) 1217  N.  Charles  St. 

Obee,   J.  Hambleton    (1915) 300  N.  Charles  St. 

Odell,  Walteb  Geobge   (1910) 3021  W.  North  Ave. 

O'Donovan,  Chaeles,  M.  D.    (1890) 5  E.  Read  St. 

Offutt,  T.  Scott  (1908) Towson,  Md. 

Oliveb,  Thomas  H.   (1890) Ivy  Depot,  Albemarle  Co.,  Va. 

Oltvee,   W.   B.    ( 1913 ) 1st  floor,  Garrett  Building. 

Oltviee,    Stuabt    ( 1913 ) The  News. 

O'Neill,  Thos.   (1907)  .". S.  W.  Cor.  Charles  &  Lexington  Sts. 

Owens,  Albeet  S.  J.    (1912) 1408   Fidelity  Building. 

Owens,  E.  B.  (1915) 130  S.  Charles  St. 

Paca,  John  P.   ( 1897) 320  Munsey  Building. 

Page,   Wm.    C.    ( 1912 ) Calvert  Bank. 

Pagon,  W.  Wattebs    (1916) 1319   Fidelity   Building. 

Paeke,  Fbancis  Neal    (1910) Westminster,  Md. 


Paekeb,  John    (1916) Peabody  Institute. 

Pake,  Mrs.  Chas.  E.   (1915) 18  E.  Lafayette  Ave. 

Pabban,  Mbs.  Frank  J.  (1908) 144  W.  Lanvale  St. 

Pabban,  Thomas  ( 1915 ) Calvert  Co.,  Md. 

Pabban,  William  J.   ( 1903 ) 124  S.  Charles  St. 

Passano,  Edwabd  B.    ( 1916) Towson,  Md. 

Pattebson,  J.  LeR.  ( 1909 ) 802  Harlem  Ave. 

Patton,  Mbs.  James  H.  ( 1913) Guilford  Manor  Apts. 

Paul,  Mbs.  D'Abcy  ( 1909 ) "Woodlands,"  Gorsuch  Ave. 

Peabce,  James  A.,  LL.  D.   ( 1902) Chestertown,  Md. 

Pearre,  Aubbey,  Jb.    ( 1906) 207  N.  Calvert  St. 

Pegbam,    Wm.    M.     ( 1909 ) U.  S.  Fidelity  and  Guaranty  Co. 

Penniman,  Thos.  D.    ( 1911 ) 922   Cathedral  St. 

Pennington,  Josias   ( 1894) Professional  Building. 

Pennington,  Mbs.  Josias    (1916) 1119  St.  Paul  St. 

Pebine,   E.   Glenn    ( 1882) 18  E.  Lexington  St. 

Pebine,  Mrs.  Geoege  Corbin   (1916)  ...  1105    Cathedral    St. 

Perkins,  Elisha  H.    (1887) Provident  Savings  Bank. 

Perkins,  William  H.,  Jr.  (1887) 700  Equitable  Building. 

Peter,  Kobert  B.    ( 1916) Rockville,  Md. 

Phelps,  Charles  E.,  Jr.  (1903) 1028  Cathedral  St. 

Pitt,  Faris  C.    (1908) 912  N.  Charles  St. 

Pitt,  Herbert  St.  John  (1915) 912  N.  Charles  St. 

Pleasants,  J.  Hall,  Jr.,  M.  D.  (1898)  .807  University  Parkway. 

Pollitt,  L.  Irving   (1916) 1715  Park  Place. 

Pope,  George  A.    ( 1902 ) 214  Chamber  of  Commerce. 

Post,  A.  H.  S.   ( 1916) Mercantile  Trust  and  Deposit  Co. 

Poultney,  Walter  De  C.   (1916) St.  Paul  and  Mulberry  Sts. 

Powell,  Wm.  C.    ( 1912) Snow  Hill,  Md. 

Powell,  Mrs.  Wm.  S.   (1916) Ellicott  City,  Md. 

Preston,  James  H.    (1898) City  Hall. 

Prettyman,  Charles  W.  (1909) Rockville,  Md. 

Price,  Dr.  Eldridge  C.  ( 1915) 1012  Madison  Ave. 

Purdum,  Bradley  K.   ( 1902) Hamilton,  Md. 

Raborg,  Christopher  (1902) 1314  W.   Lanvale  St. 

Radcliffe,  Geo.  L.  P.,  Ph.  D.  (1908) . .  .615  Fidelity  Building. 

Ranck,  Samuel  H.   ( 1898) Public  Lib'y,  Grand  Rapids,  Mich. 

Randall,  Blanchard  ( 1902) 200  Chamber  of  Commerce  Bldg. 

Randolph,  George  F.  (1916) B.  &  O.  Building. 

Rawls,  W.  L.  ( 1905 ) 700  Maryland  Trust  Building. 

Rayner,  A.  W.   ( 1905 ) 8  E.  Lexington  St. 

Redwood,  Mrs.  Mary  B.   (1907) 918  Madison  Ave. 

Reed,  Mrs.  Emilie  McKim  (1909) 512  Park  Ave. 

Reeder,  Charles  L.   (1907) 919  Equitable  Building. 

Reifsnider,  John  M.   ( 1895) Westminster,  Md. 

Remsen,  Ira,  LL.  D.   ( 1901 ) Johns  Hopkins  University. 

Revell,  Edward  J.  W.    ( 1916) 13  E.  Read  St. 


Rich,  Mbs.  Edward  L.  (1915) Catonsville,  Md. 

Rich,  Edward  N.    ( 1916 ) Union  Trust  Building. 

Richardson,  Albert  Levin    (1902) 2127  N.  Charles  St. 

Richardson,  Mrs.  Hester  D.  (1901) . .  .2127  N.  Charles  St. 

Richmond,  Miss  Sarah  E.  (1915) Md.  State  Normal  School. 

Ridgely,  Miss  Eliza   ( 1893) 825  Park  Ave. 

Ridgely,  Mrs.  Helen  W.   (1895) Hampton,  Towson,  Md. 

Ridgely,  John  J.    (1916) Towson,  Md. 

Ridgely,  Martin  E.   (1914) Wilna,  Harford  Co.,  Md. 

Ridgely,  Ruxton  M.    (1892) 510  Cathedral  St. 

Dumbarton   Farms, 

Rieman,  Mrs.  Charles  Ellet  (1909)   . 

'  Rodger's  Forge    P.  O.,  Md. 

Rieman,  Charles  Ellet    (1898) 14  N.  Eutaw  St. 

Riggs,  Clinton  L.    (1907) Riggs  Bldg.,  Charles  and  Read  Sts. 

Riggs,  Lawrason    ( 1894 ) 632  Equitable  Building. 

Riordan,   Charles   E.    ( 1907 ) 204  Exchange  Place. 

Ritchie,  Albert  C.  ( 1904) 601  Title  Building. 

Ritter,  William  L.   ( 1878) 541  K  Carrollton  Ave. 

Roberts,  Mrs.  John  B.   ( 1916) 1116  St.  Paul  St. 

Robinson,  Ralph    ( 1894) 1310  Continental  Building. 

Rogers,  Mrs.  Henry  W.   (1914) Riderwood  P.  O.,  Balto.  Co.,  Md. 

Rollins,  Thornton    ( 1911 ) 1  M(L  National  Bank, 

(  Baltimore  and  Calvert   Sts. 

Rohrer,  C.  W.  a.,  M.  D.  (1910) Lauraville  Sta.,  Baltimore,  Md. 

Rose,  Douglas  H.  ( 1898) 10  South  St. 

Rose,  John  C.    ( 1883 ) P.  O.  Building. 

Ruth,  Thos.  De  Coursey  (1916) 3  Midvale  Road,  Roland  Park. 

Ryan,  Wm.  P.  ( 1915) 1825  E.  Baltimore  St. 

Ryland,  Samuel  P.    ( 1909 ) 810  American  Building. 

Sadtler,  Mrs.  Geo.  W.   ( 1908) 26  E.  25th  St. 

Sadtler,  Howard  P.  ( 1915) 1163-69  Calvert  Bldg. 

Sadtler,  Mrs.  Rosabella  (1902) 1415  Linden  Ave. 

Sampson,  Mrs.  Leila  B.  (1912) Sandgates,  -  St.  Mary's  Co.,  Md. 

Sanford,   John  L.    ( 1916) 317  Munsey  Building. 

Sappington,  A.  DeRussy    (1897) 733  Title  Building. 

Sears,  Thomas  E.,  M.  D.  ( 1894) 658  W.   Franklin  St. 

Sellers,  Matthew  B.  (1915) 801  N.  Arlington  Ave. 

Sellers,  Samuel  Campbell  (1914) 801  N.  Arlington  Ave. 

Sellman,  James  L.  ( 1901 ) Merchants-Mechanics    Nat'l,    Bank. 

Semmes,  John  E.  ( 1884) 10  E.  Eager  St. 

Semmes,  John  E.  Jr.    ( 1916) 825  Equitable  Building. 

Seth,  Frank  W.   ( 1914) Easton,  Md. 

Seth,  Joseph  B.   (1896) Easton,  Md. 

3hippen,  Mrs.  Rebecca  Lloyd  Post..  )  2148  Florida  Ave.,  N.  W., 

(1893) )  Washington,  D.  C. 

Shirk,  Mrs.  Ida  M.  (1914) Indianapolis,  Ind. 

Shbiver,  J.  Alexis  ( 1907 ) Wilna,  Harford  Co.,  Md. 


Shower,  George  T.,  M.  D.   (1913) 3721  Eoland  Ave. 

Shyrock,  Thomas  J.  (1891) 1401  Madison  Ave.,  P.  O.  Box  717. 

Sill,  Howard   ( 1897 ) 11  E.  Pleasant  St. 

Simmons,  Mrs.  H.  B.   (1916) .  . . Chestertown,  Md. 

Sioussat,  Mrs.  Anna  L.  (1891) Lake  Roland,  Md. 

Sioussat,  St.  George  LeAkin   (1912)  . .  Vanderbilt  Univ.,   Nashville,   Tenn. 

Skinner,  Mrs.  Harry  G.   (1913) Mt.  Washington,  Md. 

Skinner,   M.   E.    ( 1897 ) 805  Calvert  Building. 

Skirven,  Percy  G.    (1914) 3900  Cottage  Ave. 

Sloan,  George  F.    (1880) Roland  Park. 

Smith,  Mrs.  Walter  Prescott  (1913)  . .  18  E.  Madison  St. 
Smith,  Rev.  Chester  Mansfield  (1912)  1204  Mt.  Royal  Ave. 

Smith,  Frank  O.  ( 1913 ) Washington,  D.  C. 

Smith,  Henry  Lee,  M.  D.   (1912) 2701  Calvert  St. 

Smith,  John  Donnell  ( 1903) 505  Park  Ave. 

Smith,  Thomas  A.    ( 1909 ) Ridgely,  Caroline  Co.,  Md. 

Snowden,  Wilton   ( 1902) Central  Savings  Bank  Building. 

Sollers,   Somerville    (1905) 1311  John  St. 

Spencer,  Richard  H.   ( 1891 ) Earl  Court. 

Stabler,  Edward,  Jr.  (1876) Madison  and  Eutaw  Sts. 

*Stabler,  Jordan   (1910) Eutaw  and  Madison  Sts. 

Starr,  Rt.  Rev.  Wm.  E.   (1914) Corpus  Christi  Church. 

Steele,  John  Murray,  M.  D.   (1911) . . .  Owings  Mills,  Md. 

Stein,   Chas.   F.    ( 1905) S.  E.  Cor.  Courtl'd  &  Saratoga  Sts. 

Steineb,  Bernard  C,  Ph.  D.  (1892) 1038  N.  Eutaw  St. 

Sterling,  George  S.   ( 1902) 228  Light  St. 

Stevenson,  H.  M.,  M.  D.   (1904) 1022  W.  Lafayette  Ave. 

Stewart,  David   ( 1886) 213  St.  Paul  St. 

Stewart,  Redmond  C.    (1916) 207  N.  Calvert  St. 

Stirling,  Admiral  Yates   (1889) 209  W.  Lanvale  St. 

Stockbridge,  Henry   ( 1883) 11  N.  Calhoun  St. 

Stone,  John  T.    (1894) N.  W.  Cor.  Baltimore  &  North  Sts. 

Stork,  John  William   (1914) 424  N.  Charles  St. 

Story,  Frederick  W.    (1885) 217  Court  House. 

Stran,  Mrs.  Kate  A.  (1900) 1912  Eutaw  Place. 

Strickland,  C.  Hobart   (1916) Guilford  Apts. 

Stuart,  Miss  Sarah  Elizabeth  (1915)  .Chestertown,  Md. 

Sturdy,  Henry  Francis    ( 1913) Annapolis,  Md. 

Sudler,  Miss  Carolina  V.   (1915) 2602  Shirley  Ave. 

Summers,  Clinton   ( 1916) 101  Roland  Ave. 

Sumwalt,  Mrs.  Mary  H.  (1909) 2921  N.  Calvert  St. 

Sutton,  Mrs.  Eben  ( 1911 ) 515  Park  Ave. 

Swindell,  Mrs.  Walter  B.  (1913) 506  Roland  Ave.,  Roland  Park. 

Symington,  Wm.  W.    ( 1916) Catonsville,  Md. 

Talbott,  Mrs.  Bertha  C.  Hall  (1913)  .  Rockville,  Md. 

Tappan,  William    ( 1909 ) 1419  Bolton  St. 

Taylor,  Archibald  H.   (1909) 405  Maryland  Trust  Building. 


Thayek,  W.  iS.,  M.  D.   (1902) 406  Cathedral  St. 

Thom,  DeCouecy  W.    (1884) 405  Maryland  Trust  Building. 

Thom,  Mes.  Lea   ( 1902 ) 204  W.  Lanvale  St. 

Thomas,  Mrs.  Annie  Horner   (1914)  ..2110  Mt.  Royal  Terrace. 

Thomas,  Douglas  H.  ( 1874) Merchants-Mechanics  Bank. 

Thomas,  Geo.  C.    (1915) N.  Charles  and  27th  Sts. 

Thomas,  James  W.    ( 1894) Cumberland,  Md. 

Thomas,   John   B.    (1910) S.   E.    Cor.   Charles   and   33rd   Sts, 

Thomas,  William  S.   (1915) 211  N.  Calvert  St. 

Thomas,    Miss    Zaidee    T.     (1916) 1302  Eutaw  Place. 

Thompson,  H.  Oliver  ( 1895) 216  St.  Paul  St. 

Thomsen,  John  J.,  Jr.  (1881) Maryland  Club. 

*Tiffany,  Louis  McLane,  M.  D.  (1902)  .  831  Park  Ave. 

Tilghman,  Oswald  ( 1906) Easton,  Md. 

Toadvin,  E.  'Stanley   ( 1902) Salisbury,  Md. 

Todd,  W.  J.,  M.  D.  ( 1902 ) Mt.  Washington,  Md. 

Tolson,  Albert  C.    (1916) 82-83  Gunther  Building. 

*Tompkins,  John  A.  ( 1893) 1725  Munsey  Building. 

Tredway,  Rev.  S.  B.   (1892) R.  F.  D.  4,  Havre  de  Grace,  Md. 

Trippe,  Andrew  C.   (1877) 347  N.  Charles  St. 

Troupe,  Mrs.  Calvin  Ferris  (1914) .. .  .St.  Paul  Apartments. 

Troupe,  Rinaldo  W.  B.   (1914) 2322  Eutaw  Place. 

Trundle,  Mrs.  Wilson  Burns   (1914)  .2414  Madison  Ave. 

Tubman,  Robert  E.  ( 1915) 117  W.  Lombard  St. 

Tuck,  Philemon  H.   (1914) 207  N.  Calvert  St. 

Turnbull,  Mrs.  Chester  B.    (1916)  . .  .Hollen  and  Sycamore  Sts.  Cedarcroft. 

Turnbull,  Edwin  L.    ( 1916) 12  E.  Lexington  St. 

Turnbull,  Lawrence  (1889) 1530  Park  Ave. 

Turner,    Howard    ( 1916 ) Betterton,  Kent  Co.,  Md. 

Turner,  Rev.  Joseph  Brown  (1915) 75  Main  St.,  Port  Deposit,  Md. 

Turner,  J.  Frank    ( 1903 ) 23  East  North  Ave. 

Tyson,  A.  M.    ( 1895) 207  N.  Calvert  St. 

Tyson,    Mrs.    Florence   MacIntyre    1  2gl  w   Pregton  gt 
(1907)     J 

Vickery,  E.  M.    ( 1913 ) 1223  N.  Calvert  St. 

Vincent,  John  M.,  Ph.  D.  (1894) Johns  Hopkins  University. 

Walker,  Mrs.  Catherine  F.  (1915)  ..  .  .Chestertown,  Md. 

Wallace,  Chas.  C.   (1915) 804  Union  Trust  Bldg. 

*Walter,   Moses   R.    ( 1883) 908  Maryland  Trust  Building. 

Walters,  Henry  ( 1880) Safe  Deposit  &  Trust  Co. 

Warfield,  Edwin    ( 1879 ) Fidelity   Building. 

Warfield,  Edwin,  Jr.    (1914) Fidelity  Building. 

Warfield,   George    (1913) 624  N.  Carrollton  Ave. 

Warfield,  John    ( 1916) 15  E.  Saratoga  St. 

Warfield,  Ridgely  B.,  M.  D.  ( 1907 ) 845  Park  Ave. 

Warfield,  S.  Davies  ( 1902 ) 40  Continental  Trust  Building. 


Waeneb,   C.  Hopewell   ( 1895) 10  E.  Fayette  St. 

Waters,  Francis  E.    ( 1909 ) 905  Union  Trust  Building. 

Waters,  J.  Seymour  T.  ( 1902) 222  St.  Paul  St. 

Waters,  Miss  Mary  E,  ( 1916) 2028  Mt.   Royal  Terrace. 

Waters,  Miss  Margaret  (1909) Carrollton  Ave.  and  Mosher  St. 

Watts,  J.  Clinton  ( 1914) 223  St.  Paul  St. 

Watts,  Sewell  S.    (1916) Calvert  and   German   Sts. 

Weaver,  Jacob  J.,  Jr.,  M.  D.  (1889) Uniontown,  Md. 

Welsh,  Mrs.  Robert  A.  (1916) Millersville,  A.  A.  Co.,  Md. 

West,  Harry   (1916) Hanover  and  Fayette  Sts. 

Wentz,  Mrs.  H.  C.   ( 1911 ) 2217  Oak  St. 

White,  Julian  Le  Roy  ( 1887 ) 2400  W.  North  Ave. 

White,  Miles,  Jr.  ( 1897 ) 607  Keyser  Building. 

Whiteley,  James  S.    ( 1901) 510  Keyser  Building. 

Whitridge,  Morris   ( 1890) 10  South  St. 

Whitridge,  William  H.  (1886) 604  Cathedral  St. 

Whitridge,  Mrs.  Wm.  H.    (1911) 604  Cathedral  St. 

Wight,  John  H.    (1914) 1415  Fidelity  Bldg. 

Wilkinson,  A.  L.,  M.  D.   (1910) Raspeburg,  Balto.  Co.,  Md. 

Will,  Allen  S.   (1910) 2620  N.  Calvert  St. 

Willard,  Daniel  ( 1913 ) B.  &  O.  Building. 

Williams,    Miss    Elizabeth    Chew    )  "Woodcliffe,"    39th    St.,    and   Univ. 

( 1916)    i  Parkway. 

Williams,  Fred  R.  (1914) 213  Courtland  St. 

*Williams,  Henry   ( 1887) 605  Union  Trust  Bldg. 

Williams,  Henry  W.  (1891) 1113  Fidelity  Building. 

Williams,  N.  Winslow    (1896) 1113  Fidelity  Building. 

Williams,  Robert  H.    (1916) Gaither  Estate  Building. 

Williams,  Stevenson  A.  (1914) Belair,  Md. 

Williams,  T.  J.  C.   ( 1907 ) Juvenile  Court. 

Willis,  George  R.    ( 1902) 213  Courtland  St. 

Wilson,  J.  Appleton   ( 1893) 80"0  Law  Building. 

Wilson,  Mrs.  William  T.    (1898) 1129  St.  Paul  St. 

Winchester,  Marshall    (1902) Fayette   &   St.   Paul,    S.   W. 

Winchester,  Williams  (1880) National  Union  Bank. 

Wise,  Henry  A.  ( 1882) 11  W.  Mulberry  St. 

Woodall,  Casper  G.    ( 1909) American    Office. 

Woodruff,  Caldwell,  M.  D.  (1914)  . . . .  Hyattsville,  Md. 

Woods,  Hiram,  M.  D.   ( 1911 ) 842  Park  Ave. 

Woodside,  James  S.   ( 1913) 1012  St.  Paul  St. 

Wootton,  W.  H.  ( 1905) 10  South  St. 

Worthington,  Claude   (1905) 110  Chamber  of  Commerce. 

Wroth,  Lawrence  C.   ( 1909) 215  E.  Preston  St. 

Wyatt,  J.  B.  Noel  ( 1889) 1012  Keyser  Building. 

Young,  Andrew  J.  Jr.    (1916) 342  Equitable  Building. 

Young,  Louis  F.  ( 1916) 216  N.  Calvert  St. 



to>l.  XII  JUNE,  1917  No.  2 











^Published   by-   authority   of  tlie   State 


The  volume  is  now  ready  for  distribution  and  is  a  continuation  of 
the  Proceedings  of  the  General  Assembly.  It  includes  the  sessions 
held  from  July,  1726,  to  August,  1729,  and  is  edited  by  Beenaed  C. 
Steiner,  Ph.  D.  An  interesting  feature  of  the  volume  is  the  appen- 
dix of  about  100  pages,  containing  the  text  of  statutes  previously 
unpublished  in  the  Archives,  enacted  from  1714  to  1726,  and  printed 
originally  in  two  early  compilations  of  Maryland  Statutes  which  had 
not  been  drawn  upon  by  previous  editors. 

During  the  period  of  the  three  sessions  indicated  in  this  volume, 
Benedict  Leonard  Calvert,  a  younger  brother  of  Charles,  fifth  Lord 
Baltimore,  was  Governor  of  the  Province.  He  was  a  genial,  studious 
high-minded  man  of  upright  life  and  warm  friendships.  He  was  fond 
of  antiquities,  and  was  a  friend  of  Thomas  Hearne,  the  antiquary, 
in  spite  of  the  fact  that  the  latter  was  twenty  years  his  senior. 
Governor  Calvert  was  the  only  literary  man  and  scholar  in  the  whole 
Calvert  pedigree.  He  had  made  the  grand  tour  of  the  continent  of 
Europe  before  coming  to  America  and  served  as  Governor  of  Mary- 
land from  July,  1727,  to  September,  1731.  He  fell  ill  of  consumption 
and  died  a  few  months  after  the  close  of  his  Governorship.  The 
Proceedings  of  the  Assembly  do  not  show  the  encouragement  to  liter- 
ature which  Governor  Calvert  gave,  but  they  abound,  in  references  to 
the  controversy  over  the  oath  of  Justices  and  the  extension  of  English 
Statute  Laws  to  the  Province.  The  perennial  struggle  over  the  regu- 
lation of  officers'  fees  was  at  an  acute  stage.  Tobacco,  the  great 
staple  of  the  Province  was  in  a  depressed  condition  and  earnest 
efforts  were  made  to  improve  this.  The  Session  of  1728  provided 
new  County  seats  for  Calvert  and  St.  Mary's  Counties  and  gave  them 
their  present  names,  Prince  Fredericktown  and  Leonardtown.  The 
Session  of  1729  placed  the  County  seat  of  Charles  County  at  Port 
Tobacco,  and  incorporated  Baltimoretown  on  the  North  side  of  the 
Patapsco  River.  The  vice  of  local  legislation  had  already  begun  and 
an  Act  is  passed  for  the  destruction  of  bears  in  Somerset  County. 
"  Languishing  debtors "  who  are  to  be  set  free,  Naturalization  of 
foreigners,  correction  of  defects  in  the  testamentary  laws,  prevention 
of  the  importation  of  convict  felons,  the  formation  of  new  parishes; 
such  are  some  of  the  topics  which  occupied  the  attention  of  the 
Legislature  at  this  period. 

The  attention  of  members  of  the  Society  who  do  not  now  receive  the 
Archives  is  called  to  the  liberal  provision  made  by  the  Legislature, 
which  permits  the  Society  to  furnish  to  its  own  members  copies  of 
the  volumes,  as  they  are  published  from  year  to  year,  at  the  mere 
cost  of  paper,  press  work  and  binding.  This  cost  is  at  present  fixed 
at  one  dollar,  at  which  price  members  of  the  Society  may  obtain  one 
copy  of  each  volume  published  during  the  period  of  their  membership. 
For  additional  copies,  and  for  volumes  published  before  they  became 
members,  the  regular  price  of  three  dollars  is  charged. 









Corresponding  Secretary, 


Recording   Secretary, 





The  General  Officers 





GEORGE  PEABODY, Gift,     .     . 

J.  HENRY  STTCKNEY, Bequest    . 

ISAAC    F.    NICHOLSON,      ....  Gift,    .    . 

MENDES   COHEN, Bequest, 





Gift  of  the  H.  Irvine  Keyser  Memorial  Building. 


"I  give  and  bequeath  to  The  Maryland  Historical  Society  the 
sum  of dollars." 


Lord  Baltimore's  Contest  with  Sir  David  Kirke  over  Avalon. 

Henry  J.   Berkley,   M.D., 107 

Some  Unpublished  Manuscripts  from  Fulham  Palace  Relating 

to  Provincial  Maryland.     Bernard  C.  Steiner,  -        -         115 

Proceedings  of  the  Committee  of  Observation  for  Elizabeth 

Town  District,  From  mss.  in  possession  of  the  Society,        142 

Some  Old  Bible  Records  of  the  Emory  Family  of  Maryland. 

Francis   B.    Culver, 164 

Extracts  from  the  Carroll  Papers,  From  mss.  in  possession  of 

the   Society, 166 

The    Potter's    Field, 187 

Proceedings   of  the   Society, -        191 

Notes, 196 

Committee  on  Publications 

SAMUEL    K.    DENNIS,    Chairman. 



Vol.  XII.  JUNE,  1917.  No.  2. 


Henry  J.  Berkley,  M.  D. 

The  scene  opens  with  the  beginning  years  of  the  seventeenth 
century.  The  minor  King,  Lonis  XIII,  son  of  the  great 
Henry  of  Navarre,  was  seated  on  the  throne  of  France.  His 
Minister  Cardinal  Richelieu,  had  assumed  the  leadership  of  the 
nation,  and  was  employed  in  consolidating  the  Catholic  inter- 
ests into  a  common  cause  against  the  Huguenots.  Unable  to 
endure  the  persecution  longer,  about  the  year  of  grace  1618,  a 
certain  Gervase  Kertk,  with  his  family  and  relatives  aban- 
doned their  home  in  the  seaport  town  of  Dieppe,  JSTormandy, 
and  fled  to  London.  Kertk  was  a  man  well  versed  in  the  lore 
of  the  sea,  and  in  London,  by  his  sterling  qualities,  as  well  as 
ability  soon  attracted  the  attention  of  those  interested  in  over- 
sea commerce.  Soon  he  became  associated  with  the  Barkeley 
Brothers,  William  and  Francis,  wealthy  merchants,  who  were 
deeply  interested  in  the  welfare  of  the  East  India,  the  Levant 
and  Muscovite  Companies,  trading  in  the  several  directions 
indicated  by  their  names.  Later,  we  find  Kertk  acting  with 
Sir  William  Alexander,  afterwards  Earl  of  Sterling,  in  a  proj- 
ect of  his  for  colonizing  the  maritime  regions  of  Canada,  after- 
wards known  as  Xova  Scotia  and  by  the  French  as  La  Cadie. 
Under  a  charter  from  King  James,  given  in  direct  conflict  with 



the  anterior  French  claims  to  this  region,  Alexander  settled  a 
colony  of  Scotsmen  there  in  1622-23,  and  remained  with  them 
until  the  marriage  of  Charles  I  with  the  Princess  Henrietta 
Maria,  a  sister  of  Louis  XIII  took  place  and  the  grant  for  the 
Nova  Scotian  Province  was  abrogated  by  the  diplomacy  of 
Cardinal  Richelieu. 

The  Kertks,  naturally,  were  enraged  at  the  treatment  they 
had  received  in  their  native  land,  and  their  resentment  was 
nourished  and  increased  by  the  tales  of  the  later  Calvinists 
fleeing  from  France  after  the  fall  of  La  Rochelle,  and  the  con- 
quest of  other  strongholds  of  the  faith. 

The  restoration  of  Acadia,  with  its  beginning  prospects  for 
trade  and  profits  further  angered  them.  With  their  co-relig- 
ionists who  had  recently  arrived  in  England,  they  planned  ven- 
geance at  the  first  opportunity.  This  was  not  long  in  coming. 
In  1627  war  was  declared  between  England  and  France,  leav- 
ing Canada  and  the  maritime  provinces  open  to  attack  by  any 
enemy  strong  enough  to  subdue  and  hold  the  comparatively 
weak  forts  and  towns  along  the  shores  of  the  coast  and  rivers. 
The  Kertks  associated  with  them  in  their  venture  Sir  William 
Alexander  and  the  brothers,  Barkeley,  whose  facilities  with 
shipping  were  an  immediate  and  essential  necessity  to  them. 
A  Company  of  Merchant  Adventurers  was  especially  chartered 
for  the  purpose  of  reducing  the  Canadian  Provinces,  promoting 
trade  there,  and  of  holding  them  under  Crown  grants.  Then 
an  expedition  of  nine  vessels  was  made  ready,  and  as  soon  as  the 
Spring  opened,  they  sailed  from  the  Port  of  London.  Three  of 
the  sons  of  Gervase,  David,  John  and  James,  were  in  command. 
The  other  captains  were  English,  representing  the  monied  inter- 
ests in  the  venture.  They  had  with  them  a  noted  pilot  of  San 
Malo,  a  man  by  the  name  of  Michel,  an  ardent  Calvinist,  who 
had  suffered  persecution  for  the  faith.  The  Kertk  brothers  had 
all  seen  service  in  private  companies  as  well  as  in  the  Royal 
fleet,  where  they  had  risen  to  the  posts  of  Captains. 

The  personnel  of  the  sailors  comprising  the  crews  is  interest- 
ing.    They  were  mainly  French  and  Basques,  who  on  account  of 


religious  and  other  persecution  had  been  driven  away  from  their 
home  ports.  The  whole  equipment  voiced  two  compelling  pas- 
sions in  the  life  of  man — gain  and  revenge. 

As  they  neared  the  shores  of  the  New  World,  they  captured 
a  French  convoy  laden  with  provisions  and  munitions  of  war, 
and  destined  for  the  relief  of  Quebec  and  Port  Royal.  Among 
the  booty  were  135  pieces  of  heavy  ordnance.  These  were  sent 
back  to  London  to  be  sold.  The  loss  of  the  provisions  was  of 
greater  importance  to  the  French  Colonists  of  Canada  than  the 
war  material,  as  their  stocks  were  depleted,  and  new  supplies 
could  not  reach  them  for  another  year.  In  addition  a  consid- 
erable number  of  French  and  Basque  fishing  barques  were 
taken.  Had  the  Kertks  energetically  followed  up  their  first 
advantage,  they  could  have  reduced  the  entire  French  colonies 
in  a  short  season,  as  it  was  now  devoid  of  any  proper  facilities 
for  defense. 

Flushed  with  their  victories  the  fleet  separated,  a  part  pro- 
ceeding to  Cape  Breton,  St.  John's  and  Port  Royal,  which  they 
speedily  captured.  The  other  part,  under  James,  John  and  the 
San  Malo  pilot,  sailed  to  the  Gulf  of  the  St.  Lawrence,  reduced 
St.  Anne,  and  then  proceeded  to  Tadusac,  at  that  date  the  most 
important  trading  station  in  this  region,  where  they  remained 
engaged  in  consolidating  the  fur  trade. 

They  sent  a  vessel  to  Quebec  to  demand  the  surrender  of  the 
fort  from  Champlain,  but  the  brig  after  arriving  there  was 
driven  back  by  adverse  weather,  and  obliged  to  return. 

Leaving  their  conquests  in  the  best  state  of  defense  possible 
for  their  return  in  the  Spring,  they  set  out  for  London  to  reap 
the  reward  of  the  venture.  During  the  winter  the  vessels  were 
refitted  and  with  a  considerably  augmented  fleet,  as  well  as  land 
forces  to  permanently  hold  the  conquered  territory,  they  sailed 
as  soon  as  weather  conditions  permitted.  The  voyage  seems  to 
have  been  a  prosperous  one,  and  every  vessel  arrived  safely  at 
the  rendezvous  in  the  St.  Lawrence  Gulf.  Sir  William  Alexan- 
der came  with  the  fleet,  also  the  fourth  son  of  Gervase  Kertk, 
Lewis,  destined  to  be  governor  of  the  affairs  of  Canada.     On 


arriving  in  the  St.  Lawrence,  a  part  of  the  fleet  proceeded  to  the 
Acadian  ports,  and  another  part  sailed  to  the  trading  post  of 
Tadnsac  at  the  month  of  the  Sagnenay  river. 

The  French  had  not  been  idle.  Charles  la  Tour,  then  Gov- 
ernor of  Acadia,  had  fonnd  means  to  send  his  father,  Claude, 
back  to  France,  to  aronse  the  Company  of  an  Hundred  Asso- 
ciates, with  Richelieu  at  its  head,  to  action  against  the  invading 
English.  Fonr  vessels  nnder  the  command  of  de  Rochmond, 
the  Admiral  of  the  Company,  were  despatched  in  the  Spring  of 
1628,  and  arrived  at  Gaspe  Road  after  the  Kertks  had  left  there. 
Learning  that  the  English  flotilla  was  in  the  neighborhood,  they 
sailed  forth  to  meet  them.  Their  coming  was  heralded  to  the 
English  by  a  despatch  boat  which  de  Rochemond  had  sent  to 
Champlain.  This  was  taken  in  the  St.  Lawrence,  and  David 
Kertk's  flotilla  sallied  out  to  encounter  this  fleet.  The  action 
was  short  and  decisive:  all  the  vessels  of  the  French  being 
quickly  disabled  in  their  rigging  and  compelled  to  strike  their 
colors.  Their  commander,  with  la  Tour,  the  passengers  and 
portions  of  the  crews  were  sent  as  prisoners  of  war  to  England. 
The  Kertks  were  knighted  for  bravery  in  this  victory,  and  after- 
wards assumed  the  anglicized  cognomen  of  Kirke. 

David  Kirke  remained  at  Tadusac  promoting  trade,  while 
his  brothers  continued  up  the  river  to  Point  Levi  opposite 
Quebec.  From  there  they  sent  an  officer,  under  a  flag  of  truce, 
to  demand  the  surrender  of  the  citadel  and  garrison.  Cham- 
plain  was  in  desperate  straits, — it  is  recorded  that  only  a 
single  barrel  of  sour  roots  remained  in  the  fort  as  provision,  and 
his  munitions  were  equally  low — and  was  only  too  pleased  to 
welcome  the  enemy.  Most  generous  terms  were  offered  by  the 
English  commander,  and  Champlain  was  entertained  at  Tadu- 
sac by  David  Kirke  until  a  ship  was  made  ready  to  convey  him 
and  his  retinue,  comprising  "  friars,  Jesuits,  two  natives,  bag- 
gage and  weapons  "  to  England.  Quebec  fell  in  the  month  of 
July,  1628. 

Lewis  Kirke  was  made  Governor  of  Upper  Canada,  and  Sir 
William  Alexander,  Governor  of  Lower  Canada  including  the 


Cape  Breton  and  Nova  Scotian  provinces.  Alexander,  William 
Barkeley  and  Kobert  Charlton  were  made  by  the  Crown,  "  Com- 
missioners of  the  River  and  Gulf  of  Canada." 

The  purpose  of  the  London  Company  was  the  permanent  set- 
tlement and  development  of  the  resources  of  Canada  and  Nova 
Scotia.  These  projects  were  entirely  upset  by  the  peace  of  St. 
Germaine-en-Laye  in  1632,  which  deprived  it  of  all  the  advan- 
tages it  had  gained.  Some  £60,000  had  been  spent  in  the  under- 
taking, a  vast  amount  for  those  days.  What  the  returns  were 
during  the  time  of  the  occupation  of  the  provinces  is  unknown, 
but  must  have  been  considerable.  The  Company,  through  its 
agents,  peaceably  yielded  up  and  restored  all  their  land  posses- 
sions to  the  French  including  the  forts  they  had  erected  or 
restored.  It,  however,  brought  a  number  of  petitions  to  the 
Crown,  and  to  the  Lords  of  Plantations  and  Trade  for  relief, 
but  with  negligible  result.  Neither  did  the  French  fulfil  their 
obligations  to  the  Company.  Certain  privileges  and  a  money 
return  was  to  be  made  to  it,  but  neither  was  done. 

The  London  Company  appears  to  have  dissolved,  but  the 
Kirkes  continued  to  voyage  and  trade  in  the  St.  Lawrence  and 
more  northern  regions,  under  a  new  patent  granted  by  Charles 
I.  This  brought  them  again  into  conflict  with  the  French,  and 
they  sustained  considerable  losses  by  the  capture  of  their  ships. 
David  now  came  to  England,  becoming  a  member  of  the  King's 
Privy  Council,  while  the  other  brothers  settled  in  Newfound- 

This  Island  was  the  earliest  of  the  English  Crown  grants. 
Discovered  by  Cabot,  it  remained  uninhabited,  except  by  sav- 
ages, until  1578,  when  Sir  Humphrey  Gilbert,  Sir  George  Peck- 
ham  and  Sir  Thomas  Gerard  obtained  a  concession  of  the  Island 
from  Queen  Elizabeth.  Long  before  that  date  French,  Basque 
and  English  fishermen  had  frequented  its  Banks,  and  dried 
their  catches  on  the  shores  of  Placentia  Bay.  Sir  Humphrey 
Gilbert  obtained  the  grant  for  the  purpose  of  providing  a  place 
of  refuge  for  the  distressed  "  Papists  "  of  England,  and  settling 
a  colony  there.    Unfortunately,  he  was  lost  at  sea  shortly  there- 


after  while  on  a  voyage  of  discovery  to  the  Norumbega  Coast. 
Then  the  project  fell  into  abeyance,  and  the  grant  was  aband- 
oned, until  revived  about  1600  by  Sir  Francis  Bacon.  He 
obtained  from  King  James  a  new  charter,  which  likewise  was 
vacated.  In  1620,  George  Calvert,  the  first  Lord  Baltimore, 
patented  a  part  of  the  Island  under  the  name  of  the  Plantation 
of  Aviland,  or  Avalon.  He  built  himself  a  fort,  erected  a  man- 
sion house,  brought  over  several  hundred  colonists,  and  for  a 
time  lived  in  feudal  state.  Eventually  tiring  of  the  long  winters 
and  the  frightful  lonesomeness  of  the  region,  he  abandoned  the 
colonists  to  their  own  devices,  and  placing  his  own  affairs  in  the 
hands  of  an  agent,  one  William  Gyll,  he  left  for  fairer  scenes 
at  home. 

A  year  after  the  termination  of  the  French  War,  Sir  David 
Kirke  was  sent  over  in  the  capacity  of  Governor  of  Newfound- 
land, with  especial  instruction  to  prevent  the  Frenchmen  from 
fishing  in  the  nearby  waters  and  drying  their  fish  on  the  island's 
shores.  This  was  a  right  they  had  exercised  for  three-quarters 
of  a  century. 

After  Baltimore's  abandonment  of  Aviland,  the  inhabitants 
began  trading  with  the  foreign  fishermen,  and  many  taverns 
arose  for  their  entertainment,  as  well  as  debauchment,  we  fear, 
as  reports  came  back  to  England  from  time  to  time  of  the  wild 
doings  on  the  Plantation,  and  of  the  debasement  of  the  fisher- 
men as  well  as  "  enlargement  of  the  inhabitants."  Kirke  does 
not  seem  to  have  made  an  exemplary  governor,  as  these  com- 
plaints continued  and  became  even  more  frequent  than  before. 
Nevertheless  he  stuck  to  his  post,  and  even  prospered  there,  for 
in  1637,  four  years  later,  we  find  him  associated  with  "  James, 
Marquis  of  Hamilton,  Philip,  Earl  of  Pembroke,  and  Henry, 
Earl  of  Holland  "  in  obtaining  a  patent  from  King  Charles  I, 
for  the  entire  Island.  The  petition  recites,  in  part,  "  that 
George,  Lord  Baltemore,  having  left  the  Plantation  in  no  sort 
provided  for,  Cecil,  his  heir,  having  also  deserted  it  as  have  done 
several  others  who  had  grants  of  parcels  of  land,  leaving  divers 
of  poor  inhabitants  without  government,  this  grant  was  made  at 
the  humble  petition  of  the  above." 


In  1638,  Sir  David  Kirke  went  over  in  a  ship  commanded 
by  Captain  John  Vassal  to  Aviland,  and  on  arriving  there, 
demanded  possession  of  Lord  Baltimore's  honse  of  the  agent, 
Gyll.  This  was  refused,  but  as  Gyll  had  no  means  of  resisting 
him,  he  eventually  surrendered  the  mansion  to  Kirke,  who 
afterwards  resided  there. 

"  Cecil,  his  heir  "  did  not  propose  to  submit  tamely  to  this 
usurpation  of  his  rights  in  the  plantation.  Quite  probably  he 
attached  little  value  to  it  until  someone  else  was  in  possession, 
then  it  immediately  became  of  importance. 

Sir  David  Kirke  remained  a  resident  of  Aviland  and  gov- 
ernor of  the  Island  for  a  number  of  years  after  he  had  dispos- 
sessed Calvert  of  his  mansion  house,  during  which  time  several 
petitions  were  addressed  to  the  King  and  Protector,  which  met 
with  little  response  on  their  part.  In  fact,  in  Baltemore's  later 
prayers  to  King  Charles  II.  bitter  complaint  is  made  of  his 
father's  lack  of  response  to  his  petition,  and  he  speaks  of  Crom- 
well as  the  "  late  pretended  Protector."  "  In  1665,  Kirke  made 
over  a  part  of  his  rights  in  the  Island  to  John  Claypole  (son-in- 
law  to  Oliver  Cromwell),  Col.  Rich  and  Col.  Goffe  and  others, 
and  Sir  Lewis  Kirke  is  endeavoring  to  get  a  confirmation  of 
that  patent."  This  quotation  is  made  from  a  prayer  in  the  year 
1661,  after  the  monarchy  had  been  restored. 

The  reference  to  Sir  Lewis  Kirke  arises  from  the  circum- 
stance that  several  years  before  the  last  given  date,  Sir  David 
Kirke  returning  to  England,  in  order  to  provide  for  affairs  in 
Newfoundland,  was  attached  by  the  Lord  Baltemore,  and  thrown 
into  prison  on  the  charge  of  having  confiscated  his  Aviland 
estate.  English  prisons  of  that  date  did  not  offer  models  of  san- 
itary conditions,  and  Sir  David  shortly  died  "  without  satisfy- 
ing the  claims  of  the  Lord  Baltemore." 

In  a  later  petition  Calvert  addresses  the  King  for  relief,  and 
in  the  prayers  naively  rejoices  that  he  has  brought  a  worthy  and 
valiant  man  to  an  untimely  end,  and  again  deplores  in  a  prayer 
to  the  Lords  of  Trade  and  Plantations  that  his  imprisonment 
and  death  "  did  not  suffice  to  fulfil  his  claim  upon  him.77 


After  taking  the  depositions  of  a  number  of  the  inhabitants 
of  the  plantation,  as  well  as  bringing  to  bear  all  the  influences 
possible.  Lord  Baltemore  prevailed — a  generation  had  arisen 
that  knew  not  the  Kirkes  and  their  valiant  deeds  of  thirty  years 
before — and  the  Plantation  was  restored  to  him.  In  1663,  the 
King  issued  a  mandate  to  "  all  commanders,  captains,  and  all 
subjects  in  Newfoundland,  to  Sir  Lewis  Kirke,  John  Kirke,  and 
the  heirs  of  Sir  David  Kirke  to  deliver  all  houses  and  lands  in 
Aviland  to  Cecil,  Lord  Baltemore  "  ;  an  order  that  finally  ended 
the  controversy.  Nevertheless,  the  Kirkes  continued  to  reside 
in  Newfoundland;  Lewis  and  John  died  there  and  were  suc- 
ceeded by  the  sons  of  Sir  David,  George,  Philip  and  David,  who 
in  1680,  in  the  report  of  a  Commission  to  arrange  for  the  settle- 
ment of  sundry  abuses  of  the  fisheries  and  other  matters,  were 
described  as  "  able  men  of  estate/'  capable  advisers  as  to  difficult 
points  about  the  fisheries  and  the  destruction  of  the  forests. 

Cecil  Calvert  does  not  seem  to  have  profited  largely  by  the 
return  of  Aviland  to  his  rule.  The  State  Papers  afford  little 
information  on  this  point.  It  is  possible  that  the  new  Colony  of 
Maryland  absorbed  so  much  of  his  interest  that  Newfoundland 
was  neglected  and  abandoned  to  other  hands  than  his.  Of  mate- 
rial profit  there  was  none  in  the  northern  realm,  but  in  the  South 
there  promised  to  be  a  better  return.1 

1  Assembled  from  the  English.  Colonial  Records,  with  additions  from  the 
Calvert  Papers  in  the  Library  of  the  Maryland  Historical  Society. 



By  Bernard  C.  Steinee. 

Bishop  William  S.  Perry  of  Iowa  published,  in  1878,  a  large 
volume  entitled  "  Historical  Collections  of  the  American 
Colonial  Church — Maryland  and  Delaware/'  containing  in  great 
part  documents  found  among  the  manuscripts  at  Fulham  Palace 
in  London,  being  a  part  of  the  archives  of  the  Bishopric  of 
London,  to  which  see,  as  is  well  known,  the  American  Colonies 
were  attached.  The  Library  of  Congress  has  recently  received 
copies  of  all  the  papers  in  that  collection  which  deal  with  Mary- 
land and  an  examination  of  these  transcripts  discloses  the  fact 
that  Bishop  Perry's  copyist  was  in  many  cases  inexact  and  that, 
in  printing  the  manuscripts,  he  left  unpublished  many  of  con- 
siderable interest.  From  these  latter  we  make  the  following 
notes : 

I. — Gov.  Francis  Nicholson  wrote  (317-152)*  on  March  18, 
1695-6  of  the  affairs  of  Virginia  and  Pennsylvania,  which  lat- 
ter colony  he  visited  "  last  fall."  Shortly  afterwards,  on  May 
18,  1696  (317-145)  a  memorial  was  sent,  signed  by  the  follow- 
ing clergymen:  Peregrine  Cony,  John  Lillingston,  Richard 
Sewell,  Stephen  Bordley,  Benjamin  Nobbs,  George  Tubman, 
Hugh  Jones  and  Thomas  Cockshutt,  urging  that  clergymen  of 
the  Church  of  England  be  sent  to  Maryland.  They  stated  that, 
when  Governor  Nicholson  came  into  the  Province  in  1694,  he 
found  there  three  Anglican  clergymen  and  five  or  six  Popish 
Priests,  "  who  perverted  idle  people."  There  were  also  a  "  sort 
of  wandering  pretenders  to  preaching  that  came  from  New  Eng- 
land and  other  places,  who  deluded  not  only  the  protestant  dis- 
senters from  our  Church,  but  many  of  the  churchmen  themselves 

*The  numerals  refer  to  the  number  of  the  manuscripts  in  the  collection 
of  the  Library  of  Congress. 


by  their  extemporary  prayers  and  preachments,  for  which  the; 
were  admired  by  the  people  and  got  money  of  them."  The  thre 
Anglican  clergymen  had  married  in  the  Province  and  "maiE 
tained  their  families  out  of  plantations  they  had  had  with  thei 
wives."  The  "  better  and  more  responsible  persons  of  th 
neighborhood  plantations  "  that  were  Anglicans  subscribed  thei 
names  to  small  contributions,  but  the  clergy  could  not  get  mor 
than  one-half  or  one-quarter  of  what  was  subscribed.  Nicholsoi 
continued  these  three  clergymen  and  with  all  possible  care  am 
expedition,  erected  churches  in  most  parishes,  proportionabl 
to  the  tobaccoes  that  were  in  arrears  since  the  act  passe< 
under  Gov.  Copley,  and  "  placed  us  in  the  best  vacancys,  mos 
convenient  for  the  general  serving  of  the  country."  "  Some  o 
us  are  forced  to  give  2,000  lbs.  to  the  Clarks,  by  reason  of  thei 
going  so  far  to  do  their  duties  on  the  Lords  Day."  The  "  Publi 
tobacco"  is  generally  slighted  by  the  merchants,  and  is  nc 
reckoned  above  the  one-quarter  part  of  that  which  the  planter 
cure  for  their  own  freight,  for  they  cull  the  best  of  their  cro 
"  for  themselves  &  keep  the  refuse  and  discolored  tobacco  to  pa; 
the  sheriffs."  "  Merchants  are  not  for  meddling  with  publi 
tobacco  also,  because  it  is  very  troublesome  to  get  it  paid  in  an; 
reasonable  time."  They  have  to  go  from  "  place  to  place  t 
demand  it  of  those  planters  "  to  whom  the  sheriffs  send  them. 

The  extent  of  the  parishes  is  very  large,  some  are  over  21 
and  others  30  miles  in  length.  "  The  inhabitants  in  this  countr; 
having  (many  of  them)  vast  tracts  of  land,  live  at  least  a  mil 
asunder  from  their  next  neighbors.  This  large  extent  o 
parishes  obligeth  us  to  keep  one  or  sometimes  two  horses  to  rid 
on.  The  charges  of  our  board  and  keeping  our  horses  takes  u; 
one-quarter  of  our  greatest  incomes  and  the  remaining  thre 
parts  (considering  the  rates  we  pay  for  English  goods  in  th 
stores  and  that  the  merchants  will  allow  us  in  goods  at  prim 
cost  very  rarely  a  penny  and  sometimes  an  half -penny  or  fartfc 
ing  a  pound  for  our  tobacco  in  bartering  with  them)  will  hardl; 
find  us  with  cloths  and  other  necessaries.  If  we  should  have  an; 
overplus,  when  our  necessitys  and  conveniences  are  served,  it 
hazardous  for  us  to  freight  it,  lest  it  should  prove  a  drug  in  th 


English  and  Holland  market  and  by  paying  from  10  to  16 
pounds  sterling  per  Tunn  for  freight  besides  the  King's  Custom 
etc.,  it  should  bring  us  into  debt." 

"  So  that  should  some  of  us  that  have  wives  in  England  send 
for  them  and  go  to  housekeeping,  we  could  not  tell  how  to  main- 
tain them,  there  not  yet  being  provided  any  minister's  house 
or  glebe,  except  at  St.  Mary's,  where  one  Mr.  Robbs  lately 
arrived  and  having  a  wife  is  by  his  excellency  placed."  Yet 
Papists  and  Quakers,  dissatisfied,  try  to  have  the  40-pound  tax 
taken  off.  Without  it  there  would  not  be  left  a  tolerable  sub- 
sis  tance  for  a  single  clergyman  and  his  horse,  "  and  one  horse  at 
least  we  must  all  of  us,  of  necessity,  keep  ready  by  us,  not  only 
to  ride  to  church  on  Sundays,  but  to  ride  all  over  parishes  at 
christenings,  weddings,  visiting  the  sick  and  burials  on  the 
week  days."  Many  would  become  Papists  or  Quakers  to  save 
themselves  from  taxes,  if  the  members  of  these  denominations 
were  exempted  therefrom.  If  Lord  Baltimore  should  be  restored 
as  Proprietary,  "  the  insolence  of  the  Romish  Priests  (who  are 
somewhat  curbed  by  his  Excellencies  great  care  and  vigilence) 
would  soon  be  intolerable  in  these  parts."  "  Great  numbers  of 
Irish  papists  are  brought  continually  among  us "  and  Irish 
priests  are  suspected  to  come  indognita.  The  "Papists  are  in- 
truding themselves  into  the  company  of  the  sick  "  and  Nicholson 
had  issued  a  proclamation  against  this  practice.  Dr.  Bray's 
presence  is  desired,  and  an  "  ecclesiastical  ruler  "  is  needed. 

Nicholson  wrote  on  June  12,  1696  upon  Virginia  affairs 
(317-151).  He  complained  against  Andros  and  his  conduct 
in  reference  to  the  just  rents  and  regretted  that  the  acts  con- 
cerning religion  and  schools  had  been  "  repealed."  The  Papists 
and  Dissenters  are  "  pretty  numerous "  and  Nicholson  "  will 
not  answer  for  all  the  Church  of  England  Men."  He  dare  not 
communicate  to  the  Assembly  the  news  of  the  repeal,  lest  no 
other  laws  be  passed.  If  the  passage  of  new  laws  upon  those 
subjects  shall  be  secured;.  "I  must  attribute  it  to  a  more 
immediate  influence  from  Heaven  than  any  politicks  I  can  use 
with  them."  (See  317-150  probably  wrongly  dated  June  20, 
1700,  when  Nicholson  was  no  longer  Governor.     In  this  letter, 



he  refers  to  the  receipt  of  the  veto  and  writes  that  the  Council 
will  meet  in  the  next  week  and  will  endeavor  to  reconcile  mat- 

On  July  4,  1696,  John  Povey  wrote  Nicholson  from  Eng- 
land in  hope  for  speedy  good  news  from  him;  but,  ten  days 
later,  Nicholson  had  to  report  to  the  Bishop  (317-146)  that  he 
found  it  impossible  to  secure  the  passage  of  any  statute  aboutv 
religion,  "without  some  clause  about  liberty  and  property, 
which,  your  Grace,  very  well  knows,  Englishmen  are  fond  of." 

Sir  Thomas  Lawrence  had  written  Nicholson  that  the  reason 
"  for  repealing  the  law  was  that,  if  such  a  clause  about  Magna 
Chart  a  was  granted,  it  nearly  touched  His  Majesty's  preroga- 
tive." Nicholson  replied  that  this  statement  was  incorrect; 
"  They  dread  nothing  here  more  than  being  forced  to  go  to  West- 
minster Hall,"  and  come  under  the  domination  of  Parliament. 
"  I  durst  not  venture  to  let  them  know  that  His  Majesty  had 
repealed  the  law  about  religion,  for  fear  they  should  not  have 
consented  to  make  another."  Nicholson  asked  that  orders  be 
sent  out  as  to  what  sort  of  law  may  pass.  A  "  Clause  about 
Magna  Charta  was  in  a  law  made  before  my  time  and  so  I  find 
it  very  difficult  to  get  it  quite  left  out  at  once."  He  especially 
hoped  the  school  act  would  be  allowed  and  enclosed  new  laws 
about  religion  and  schools.  He  wrote  more  freely  to  the  Bishop 
than  to  the  Lords  of  the  Committee  or  of  Plantations,  since  the 
establishment  of  religion  was  in  great  danger. 

In  1696,  a  very  interesting  and  important  religious  census 
of  the  Province  was  sent  to  the  Bishop  of  London  showing  the 
relative  populousness  of  the  several  parishes  (317-127). 


Parishes.          Tithables. 



St.  Mary's 

William  &  Mary 



Benjn.  Nobbs. 

King    &    Queen 



Chris.  Platts 


Christ's  Church 



Hugh  Jones 

All    Saints 



Tho.  Cockshutt 

Prince   George 

All  Faiths 



St  Pauls 



Monsiour   Morien 




Parishes.          Ti 





William  &  Mary 
Port  Tobacco 






George  Tubman 


Herring    Creek 



Henry  Hall 

South  River 



Tho.  Clayton 
Port  Annapolis  is 

Middle  Neck 



in  Middle  Neck, 
Peregrine  Cony 


Broad  Neck 






Edw'd  Topp,  Jr. 

St.   John's 



St.  George's 




South   Sassafras 


14000  | 
12840  } 

North  Sassafras 


Rich'd.  Sewell 


Kent  Island 



St.  Paul 



Stephen    Bordley 


St.  Paul's 



John  Lillingston 

St.  Peter's 



St.    Michael's 







16280  } 
8840  J 

Tho.  Howell 





Geo.  Trotter 







George  Trotter 
ut  supra. 




James   Brechin 

Fifty  shillings  sterg  p.  Thousand  for  Publick  Tobacco  is 
a  pretty  usual  price  in  Bills  of  Exchange. 

Nicholson  wrote  on  February  13,  1696-7  (317-143)  that, 
from  the  hands  of  Sir  Thomas  Lawrence,  he  had  received  the 
Bishop's  letter  of  January  3,  1695-6.  He  had  been  "  kicked 
upstairs  "  from  the  position  of  lieutenant  governor  of  Virginia 
to  that  of  Governor  of  Maryland,  "  where  I  have  found  to  my 
sorrow,  great  trouble  and  charge."  He  now  enclosed  the  acts 
for  the  establishment  of  religion  and  of  schools  in  Maryland. 
Blathwayt  and  Povey,  in  England,  were  hostile  to  him  and, 
"knowing  why  they  oppose  the  laws,"  he  "got  the  Assembly 
to  promise  them  something."  "  We  have  contracted  for  the 
building  of  a  church  at  the  Port  of  Annapolis,  the  seat  of  the 
government,  for  the  building  and  finishing  which  the  under- 
takers are  to  have  £1000  sterling  and,  for  building  a  Free  School 


at  the  same  place,  £500  sterling/'  the  £200  (which  Andros  re- 
funded) being  part  of  it.  Nicholson  hoped  that,  "  by  the  next 
fleet,  His  Majesty's  furniture  for  the  church  will  be  sent." 
The  college  in  Virginia  is  referred  to  and  Nicholson  stated  that 
he  would  give  up  his  pretentions  to  succeed  Andros  in  Virginia, 
and  would  even  quit  Maryland,  rather  than  hurt  it.  He  had 
sent  an  account  of  the  taxables  and  the  glebes.  Lord  Baltimore, 
when  Nicholson  was  in  England,  had  promised  him  to  give  a 
glebe  for  each  parish  and  renewed  this  promise  to  Lawrence, 
when  Nicholson  asked  Lawrence  to  remind  him  of  it.  Each 
glebe  should  consist  of  300,  400,  or  500  acres.  If  the  King 
should  confirm  Baltimore's  claims  to  the  waifs,  etc.,  the  latter 
should  be  made  to  give  these  glebes,  which  should  be  taken  from 
escheated  or  surplusage  lands,  when  possible,  to  prevent  their 
being  laid  out  too  distant  from  the  settlements. 

On  February  15,  1696-7  (317-159)  Nicholson  wrote  that  he 
had  received  from  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  the  following 
books:  "  The  Parson's  Counsellor/'  "An  Abridgment  of  the 
Ecclesiastical  Laws,"  three  small  books  named  "  A  Guide  for 
Constables,"  six  small  books  named  "  A  Familiar  Guild,"  "  The 
Poor  Man's  Guide,"  "  Ten  Brief  Expositions  of  the  Church 
Catechism,"  "  The  Poor  Man's  Help,"  and  "  The  Catechism  of 
the  Church." 

Sir  Thomas  Lawrence  wrote,  on  February  20,  1696-7  (317-79, 
192),  that  he  had  arrived  in  Maryland  in  August,  after  a 
"  prosperous  voyage,"  though  one  with  many  delays.  He  gave 
the  Bishop's  letters  to  the  Governor.  "  I  find  him  employed 
in  erecting  a  State  House  for  the  administration  of  justice,  a 
fine  brick  building,  in  which  are  comprehended  convenient 
apartments  for  all  the  offices  of  business  in  this  country.  This 
is  almost  finisht.  We  are  now  going  on  with  as  fine  a  church, 
which  will  cost  a  £1000,  His  Excellency  giving  an  £100  towards 
it,  and  a  school  at  the  same  time,  £500,  of  which  £200  sterling 
and  £300  is  paid  back  by  Sir  Edmund  Andros  upon  your 
Grace's  award  as  a  part."  Lawrence  criticises  Andros  and  hopes 
that  a  church  building  in  each  of  the  30  parishes  in  the  Province 
will  be  completed  during  the  coming  summer  and  be  ready  to 


receive  Dr.  Bray,  when  he  shall  come.  The  Assembly  has  been 
in  an  "  ill  humor/'  because  of  the  reversal  of  the  laws  in  Eng- 
land, and,  if  Nicholson  "  had  not  with  address  got  them  speedily 
re-enacted,  the  churches  would  not  have  been  built  and  the  main- 
tenance of  the  ministry  "  woud  have  failed.  "  With  equal  Cour- 
age," Nicholson  threw  out  Captain  Coode,  who  "  having  first 
gotten  a  deputation  from  Dr.  Payn  to  invade  and  go  halves  with 
him,  in  the  Commissary's  office,  and  after  entered  into  the 
house  of  Burgesses,  on  purpose,  by  his  atheism  and  debauched 
designs,  to  have  corrupted  them,  to  the  overthrow  of  all  public 
spirited  undertakings."  Had  Coode  succeeded,  the  "  now  pros- 
perous affairs  of  this  Province  had  been  in  an  ill  condition." 

On  February  23,  1696-7,  Nicholson  wrote  (317-138)  upon 
affairs  in  Pennsylvania,  a  subject  to  which  he  returned,  in  a 
letter  dated  April  30,  1697  (317-141).  In  the  latter  epistle, 
he  thanks  the  Bishop  for  books  sent,  attacks  Andros,  expresses 
his  hope  for  Bray's  arrival,  and  asks  that  Bray  be  made  a  doctor 
of  divinity,  put  into  the  Council  and  made  Commissary  for 
Pennsylvania,  New  York,  and  New  England,  and  also  that, 
before  he  sails  he  may  "  preach  before  His  Majesty  and  dedi- 
cate "his  sermon  to  the  King.  "  Our  Assembly  were  in  so  very 
bad  a  humor  that  I  could  not  get  them  to  address  His  Majesty 
that  the  half  of  the  quarter  part  of  the  shilling  per  hogshead 
should  be  appropriated  for  the  buying  of  religious  books." 

About  this  time,  Gerard  Slye  (317-134)  wrote  that  Nichol- 
son was  "  furiously  zealous  for  the  building  of  schools  and  col- 
leges and  with  such  a  vast  charge  that  the  country  is  not  able  to 
bear  it.  He  is  as  mad  against  them  that  first  appeared  there  for 
King  William  "  and  were  in  principal  "  command,"  calls  them 
"  Eebels,"  and  "  threatens  to  try  them  with  a  file  of  musketeers 
and  hang  them  with  Magna  Chartas  about  their  necks."  The 
grand  jury  of  St.  Mary's  County  presented  Slye,  because  he  said 
on  April  30,  at  Patuxent,  that  Nicholson  is  at  Jamestown  and 
"  every  one  knows  his  lies  and  he  cannot  deceive  them,  and 
again  Slye  said  on  May  30,  1697  (317-164)  that  Nicholson 
stopped  letters  that  came  in  the  ships  and  consealed  them  for 
some  time  and  broke  them  open,   and  afterwards  sent  them 


away."  On  a  third  occasion,  upon  May  4,  Slye  said  "  I  expect' 
old  Kattlehead  (meaning  Nicholson)  there  (at  Hampton), 
he  had  met  John  Perry.  I  taxed  Perry  with  the  message  O 
Eattlehead  sent  by  him  to  Mr.  Crop  relating  to  me.  The  o 
Dog  (Perry)  denied  every  thing,  but  I  find  him  a  fit  instrume 
for  mischief."  Again  on  June  26,  Slye  said  that  "  Nichols* 
is  a  man  of  the  worst  of  characters,  though  he  does  what  he  ci 
to  purchase  a  better,  but  that  won't  do  among  our  men 
thought  next  the  helm,"  meaning  the  Privy  Council  and  t 
Lords  of  the  Committee  of  Trade  and  Plantations. 

A  dateless  document  written  by  Slye,  humbly  apologizing  f 
his  conduct  towards  Nicholson   (317-160)    doubtless  refers 
this  controversy. 

Nicholson  wrote  the  Bishop  of  London  on  June  30,  16t 
(317-167),  that  three  clergymen  came  in  the  middle  of  Mj 
and  are  already  disposed  of.  He  hoped  that  Bray  would  arri 
with  ten  more  by  the  next  fleet  and  that  with  them  would  arri 
His  Majesty's  furniture  and  plate  for  the  Annapolis  Churc 
"  Except  the  Church  of  England  be  encouraged  here,  especial 
by  His  Majesty  and  Your  Grace,  it  will  fall."  Nearly  a  ye 
later,  on  May  26,  1698,  Nicholson  expressed  the  hope  that  ti 
bills  for  establishment  of  religion  and  schools  were  now  a 
proved.  He  thanked  the  Bishop  for  extracts  from  priests'  i 
tercepted  letters  and  hoped  to  "  countermine  their  wicked  d 
signs."  A  proclamation  concerning  them  was  enclosed.  S 
Thomas  Lawrence  had  "  been  extreme  ill  all  this  last  winter  • 
a  distemper,  which  several  times  brought  him  nigh  to  dea 
and  in  all  human  probability  he  could  not  live  another  winte 
if  he  stayed  hore."  On  his  arrival  in  England,  Sir  Thomas  wi 
give  full  information  concerning  Maryland  and  Pennsylvani 
Nicholson  had  "  in  all  respects  found  him  a  very  pious  and  zee 
ous  son  of  the  Church  of  England,  a  constant  assertor  of  mo: 
archy  (which  I  think  is  a  natural  consequence  of  the  formei 
and  wholly  devoted  to  His  Majesty's  interests." 

The  Grand  Jury  presented  Philip  Clark  of  St.  Mary's  Cou 
ty  for  defaming  Nicholson  at  St.  Mary's  City,  on  March  2' 


1697-8,  saying  (317-174)  :  "  I  hear  who  are  chosen  Burgesses. 
The  Jacobite  Burgesses,  who  are  the  Governor's  friends  are  now 
out  and  I  will  warrant  I  will  manage  them  all  well  enough. 
He  is  no  better  than  a  Jacobite.'7  At  another  time,  he  said: 
"  The  Governor's  drift  is  to  have  the  Roman  Catholics  so  sub- 
ject to  him  that  they  should  either  concur  with  him  in  choosing 
such  members  for  the  House,  as  he  pitched  on,  or  if  they  did 
not,  it  should  be  in  his  power  to  proceed  with  rigor  against 
them.  So  out  of  fear  and  self  preservation,  they  must  comply 
with  him." 

Later  in  the  year,  on  September  2,  1698,  the  Grand  Jury 
(317-173)  presented  to  the  Provincial  Court  our  old  acquaint- 
ance, John  Coode,  Sr.,  of  St.  Mary's  County  for  "  much  dis- 
turbances and  commotions  raised."  If  Gov.  Andros  of  Vir- 
ginia had  "  taken  care  to  have  him  apprehended  and  given  to 
justice  in  this  Province  this  would  not  have  happened."  The 
Judges  of  the  Provincial  Court  endorsed  this  statement  and 
added  that  Coode,  with  his  party,  "  brags  of  their  security  in 
the  Colony  of  Virginia." 

The  Fulham  Manuscripts  also  contain  copies  of  the  following 
official  papers  dating  from  the  period  of  Gov.  Nicholson's  ad- 
ministration : 

1. — A  letter  signed  by  Henry  Jowles,  on  part  of  the  Council, 
and  Kenelm  Cheseldyn,  on  part  of  the  House  of  Burgesses, 
dated  October  19,  1694,  (317-170)  asking  the  patronage  of  the 
Archbishop  of  Canterbury  for  the  Free  Schools,  thanking  him 
for  what  he  had  already  done  and  telling  him  of  new  methods 
devised  of  raising  money  for  that  purpose. 

2.— The  Order  in  Council  of  March  1695-6  (317-166)  re- 
pealing the  Maryland  laws. 

3. — A  letter  to  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  dated  July  10, 
1695  (317-137)  signed  by  Sir  Thomas  Lawrence,  on  part  of 
the  Council,  and  Kenelm  Cheseldyn,  on  part  of  the  House  of 

4. — An  Order  in  Council  concerning  waifs  dated  February 
18,  1696-7  (317-62). 


5. — A  letter  to  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  signed  by  Law- 
rence and  Cheseldyn  for  the  Assembly,  dated  June  10,  1697, 
expressing  the  hope  that  the  new  laws  might  pass  (317-200)  and 

6. — A  letter  signed  by  William  Bladen,  Clerk  of  the  House 
of  Burgesses,  dated  March  29,  1698  (317-67),  referring  to  the 
Archbishop  of  Canterbury's  letter  of  April  11,  1697  and  ask- 
ing his  help  in  promoting  the  Free  School. 

II. — Kev.  Thomas  Bray  wrote  the  Bishop  in  1700  (317- 
129)  that  he  arrived  in  the  Province  on  March  18.  On  his 
way  to  Annapolis  he  "  met  with  the  news  brought  by  a  Quaker 
in  the  same  ship  myself  that  the  40  pounds  per  poll  is  taken  ofT 
by  order  of  Council."  This  news  surprised  Bray,  especially  be- 
cause the  veto  was  given  "  at  the  solicitation  of  and  in  favor  of 
the  Quakers,  backed  by  and  in  a  close  confederation  with  the 
papists,  as  every  one  here  plainly  sees."  Mr.  Hastreel,  their 
court  solicitor,  told  Bray  in  London  "  that  they  are  the  most  con- 
siderable part  of  the  Province  both  for  riches  and  numbers  % 
and  that  the  tax  makes  these  numerous  and  trading  people  leave 
the  Province.  Bray  denied  the  truth  of  this  statement  and 
hoped  soon  to  send  a  census  of  Maryland  and  show  that  "  Quak- 
ers and  Papists  joined  together  will  not  make  one-tenth  part 
towards  the  balance,  in  number  or  riches."  The  Quakers  de- 
cline in  Maryland  and  in  Pennsylvania.  The  "  Keithians  " 
ask  Bray  for  a  visit,  which  he  hopes  to  give  them  in  Philadel- 

Gov.  Nicholson  was  sensible  "  of  the  need  of  an  establish- 
ment "  and  "  out  of  a  hearty  zeal  for  the  preservation  of  the 
Church  leaves  no  stone  unturned  to  have  the  same  law  for  re- 
ligion, without  the  exceptionable  clause,  re-enacted  by  the  next 
Assembly  which  sitts  the  26th  instant.  He  has  given  me  the 
inclosed  list  of  members,  to  make  the  best  uses  thereof  I  can  in 
the  meantime  [This  list  is  not  found. — Ed.]  and  does  himself 
endeavor  to  influence  the  leading  members,  as  he  can  meet  with 
them.  He  was  pleased  to  offer,  if  it  would  be  of  service,  to  pro- 
rogue the  Assembly  to  a  longer  day."  Bray  did  not  agree  to  this 
plan,  since  the  Quakers  "  who  are  the  best  at  tampering,  will 


have  a  longer  time,  as  well  as  ourselves."  He  feared  delay  es- 
pecially, since  "  Pen  (sic)  is  to  be  in  the  Whitsunweek  at  their 
Grand  yearly  Meeting  in  this  Province,  where  all  the  most  con- 
siderable planters  of  all  other  persuasions  come  also,  as  to  an 
Exchange,  it  is  thought  desirable  (?)  that  the  Assembly  meet 
at  the  day  appointed.  But  his  Excellency  does  resolve,  if  the 
bill  miscarry s,  to  dissolve  this  and  call  another  Assembly." 
"  So  that  nothing,  I  am  satisfied,  will  be  omitted  on  his  part 
to  preserve  the  church  under  this  fierce  attack,  which  noble  zeal 
for  our  preservation  in  such  an  extremity,  as  it  shall  not  fail 
here  of  just  acknowledgements,  so  I  know  it  will  engage  your 
Grace  to  protect  his  excellency  from  receiving  any  prejudice 
thereby  at  home." 

On  May  29,  1700,  Eev.  Mr.  Colbatch  wrote  (317-148)  that 
Dr.  Bray's  exemplary  zeal  was  instrumental  in  the  passage  of 
the  new  law  for  an  establishment  and  that  the  visitation  of  the 
clergy  held  by  him  put  them  "  into  an  excellent  method  for  the 
due  and  right  discharge  of  their  ministerial  duties."  Bray  had 
been  sent  back  to  England  to  secure  more  clergy  and  obtain  the 
confirmation  of  the  act  concerning  religion.  Gov.  Nathanial 
Blakiston,  on  June  12,  1700  sent  word  (317-132)  that  Dr. 
Bray  had  gone  home  with  papers  concerning  the  new  law.  Blak- 
iston would  settle  the  Commissary's  office  upon  any  one  whom 
the  Bishop  may  appoint.  "  Allow  my  actions  to  be  the  standard 
of  my  intentions  for  the  promotion  of  the  Church." 

III. — At  a  meeting  (317-59)  of  the  Hector,  Governors,  and 
Visitors  of  the  Free  Schools,  held  at  the  City  of  Annapolis, 
Tuesday,  September  6,  1715,  there  were  present,  Rev.  Joseph 
Colebatch,  Rector  His  Excellency  the  Governor  (John  Hart), 
the  Hon.  Samuel  Young,  Esq.,  the  Hon.  Philemon  Lloyd,  Esq., 
Bev.  Henry  Hall,  Bev.  Jacob  Henderson,  William  Bladen,  Esq., 
and  E.  Mercier,  the  clerk  of  the  Board.  In  view  of  the  "  extra- 
ordinary want  of  a  good  Ussher  to  assist  in  the  free  school  of 
this  City,"  i.  e.  Annapolis,  Mr.  Thomas  Bordley,  who  was  going 
to  England,  was  invited  to  be  present  and  was  then  asked  to 
"  invite  and  procure  some  discreet  and  learned  person,  well 


qualified  "  to  become  an  usher  and  to  assure  him  of  a  salary  of 
£50  sterling  annually,  with  a  promise  of  the  mastership,  in  case 
of  a  vacancy  therein,  or  of  the  headship  of  another  free  school 
to  be  erected  on  the  Eastern  Shore. 

IV. — A  petition  against  Rev.  William  Tibbs,  rector  of  St. 
Paul's  Parish  in  Baltimore  County  was  filed  by  the  vestry  of 
that  parish  (317-153)  on  February  15,  1714-5,  being  signed 
by  John  Downe,  John  Willmott,  Jr.,  Thomas  Todd,  Jr.,  Peter 
Bond,  John  Hillen  and  John  Gill  (a  marksman).  They  charged 
that  the  wickedness  of  the  people  of  the  neighborhood  came 
largely  "  from  the  bad  example  of  our  minister,  he  being  a  very 
weak  man."  He  was  a  "  common  drunkard/'  and  when  in- 
toxicated was  guilty  of  shameful  acts,  he  refused  to  go  to  houses 
to  baptize  sick  children  without  pay,  he  demanded  money  for 
the  administration  of  the  sacrament  of  the  Lord's  Supper  in 
private  houses,  and  he  "  will  be  drunk  "  immediately  after  the 
celebration  of  the  Communion.  Depositions  were  appended 
which  were  made  on  November  16,  1714,  that,  in  the  preceding 
August,  Tibbs  was  sent  for  to  administer  the  Communion  at 
Richard  Colegate's  house  to  Mrs.  Ellinor  Herbert,  the  mother 
of  Colegate's  wife,  Mrs.  Rebecca  Colegate.  Mrs.  Herbert  "  lay 
very  sick."  After  the  service,  at  which  Capt.  Charles  Merri- 
man  and  his  wife  were  also  present,  as  Tibbs  "  sat  nodding  in 
his  chair,"  Mrs.  Merriman  heard  him  demand  of  Colegate 
twenty  shillings :  ten  for  his  visit  and  ten  "  for  his  medicine." 
Mrs.  Merriman  was  "  startled  "  at  this  "  demand."  Mrs.  Cole- 
gate confirmed  this  statement,  except  that  she  remembered  his 
expression  as  being  ten  shillings  "  for  his  means."  She  added 
that  Tibbs  got  so  drunk  on  that  occasion  that  she  was  forced 
to  send  two  servants  to  take  him  home,  as  he  could  not  walk 
thither  and  that,  on  a  later  occasion,  he  was  paid  eighteen  shill- 
ings for  a  second  administration  of  the  Lord's  Supper. 

On  Sept.  7,  1714,  Todd  and  Willmott  in  open  vestry  meet- 
ing accused  Tibbs  of  such  acts,  Todd  being  especially  emphatic 
in  his  denunciations  of  Tibbs  at  that  time,  as  was  testified  by 
John  Thomas,  "  Clerk  of  the  Vestry,"  John  Adams,  "  Clerk 


of  the  Parish/'  and  James  Rider,  Church  warden,  a  marksman 
who  appears  to  have  been  a  friend  of  Tibbs. 

The  case  was  referred  to  the  Revs.  Henry  Hall,  Thomas 
Cockshutt,  Joseph  Colbateh,  and  Jacob  Henderson,  who  made 
a  report  censuring  Todd  for  his  despising  all  kinds  of  authori- 
ty and  admonishing  Tibbs  "  to  change  his  life  and  reconcile 
himself  to  his  people  with  all  speed,"  or  he  shall  receive  a 
summons  to  come  before  the  Governor  for  his  defence. 

Out  of  this  difficulty,  between  the  Vestry  and  Tibbs,  quite 
probably  arose  the  establishment  of  the  Presbyterian  Church 
at  Patapsco  on  Curtis  Creek  in  1715.  In  Webster's  History  of 
the  Presbyterian  Church  in  America,  we  are  told  that  the  Rev. 
Hugh  Conn  was  born  in  Ireland  about  1685  and  graduated  at 
the  University  of  Glasgow.  The  trade  from  the  Patapsco  to 
Great  Britain  gave  rise  to  a  Presbyterian  Congregation  in  Balti- 
more County,  who  applied  to  London  Merchants  for  a  minister. 
In  response  to  this  call,  Mr.  Conn  came  over.  In  September, 
1715,  Mr.  James  Gordon  presented  a  call  for  him  from  the 
people  of  Baltimore  County.  Presbytery  approved  this  call 
and  he  was  ordained  in  October,  and  installed  Pastor  of  the 
congregation  of  Patapsco  by  the  Rev.  James  Anderson,  of  New 
Castle,  George  Gillespie  of  White  Clay  Creek,  and  Daniel  Mc- 
Gill  of  Bladensburg,  (three  Scotchmen) . 

In  September,  1719,  he  was  dismissed  from  his  charge  on 
account  of  "  the  paucity  of  his  flock."  He  immediately  ac- 
cepted a  call  to  the  Bladensburg  Church,  and  remained  there, 
until  his  death  in  1752. 

Through  the  researches  of  Mr.  Wm.  B.  Marye  and  Dr.  J. 
Hall  Pleasants,  we  learn  that  the  Baltimore  County  Court  pro- 
ceedings, Liber  I.  S.  'No.  B,  1708-1715,  fol.  608-609,  show  that 
at  the  March  Court,  1714-15,  Thomas  Todd  .  .  .  "humbly 
prays  that  his  house  may  be  licenced  for  a  presbyterian  minister 
to  preach  in,  which  petition  the  Justices  ....  granted,  pro- 
vided said  minister  qualifies  himself  by  taking  the  oaths  by  act 
of  assembly."  Mr.  Todd  died  in  May,  and  his  widow  later 
married  Rev.  Mr.  Conn,  died  in  1717  and  is  buried  in  the  fam- 



ily  graveyard  beside  the  Todd  house,  at  North  Point.  It  is 
an  interesting  fact  that  for  about  two  hundred  and  fifty  years 
a  Thomas  Todd,  each  a  direct  descendant  from  his  predecessor, 
has  owned  and  lived  on  the  farm.  At  Mr.  Todd's  house  were 
held  the  first  regular  Presbyterian  services  within  the  bounds 
of  the  Presbytery  of  Baltimore. 

Again  Liber  G.  M.  fol.  55  August  Court,  1715 :  "  upon  the 
petition  of  Hugh  Conn,  a  presbyterian  minister,  that  a  house 
lately  built  on  the  land  of  John  Frizell  on  the  south  side  of 
Patapsco  river  at  the  head  of  Curtis  Creek  may  be  recorded  for 
a  Presbyterian  Meeting  House,  ...  it  is  ordered  accordingly." 

V. — The  relation  of  Gov.  John  Hart  to  the  Clergy  is  shown 
by  several  letters.  On  March  4,  1716/17,  the  Bishop  writes  to 
some  correspondent  of  his  pleasure  at  hearing  that  Hart  "  so 
heartily  interests  himself  in  the  affairs  of  the  Church  "  and  of 
his  hope  that  Henderson's  commission  will  be  respected.  The 
parishioners  of  North  Elk  River  must  not  be  forgotten,  but  the 
Bishop  feared  that  he  could  not  "  secure  a  well  qualified  per- 
son "  for  so  small  an  "  encouragement "  as  £40  per  annum. 
The  funds  of  the  Society  were  so  low  that  "  no  augumentation  " 
could  be  expected  from  thence.  Gov.  Hart  wrote  the  Bishop, 
on  June  20,  1717  (317-194),  that  Rev.  Mr.  Barron  had  been 
offered  any  vacancy  in  the  Province.  He  accepted  a  small  par- 
ish "  near  me  "  and,  "  when  the  parishioners  did  not  subscribe 
to  his  better  support,  I  presented  him  to  another  of  more  con- 
siderable value,  where  he  remains,  much  to  his  satisfaction." 
Rev.  Mr.  Warner  behaved  himself  "  with  prudence."  He  had 
been  admitted  as  Usher,  with  a  salary  of  £50  per  annum  from 
the  date  of  the  Bishop's  letter  of  Recommendation.  Rev.  Mr. 
Irvine,  within  three  days  of  his  arrival,  supplied  Mr.  Baily's 
former  parish.  "  The  latter  is  a  very  unhappy  person  and, 
though  his  behavior  is  far  from  being  commendable,  yet  as  he 
has  received  holy  orders,  I  cannot  see  him  want  bread  (which 
he  had  thrown  away  upon  some  distaste  to  his  parishioners)  so 
have  again  presented  him  another  parish,  in  hopes  he  will  reform 


and  be  a  new  man."  Hart  promised  to  assist  the  two  Com- 

From  Annapolis  on  Nov.  3,  1714,  Rev.  William  Keith  wrote 
(317-171)  that  Col.  Hart  was  "  vigilant  to  supply  vacant 
cases/'  of  which  there  were  4  very  good  ones  then  in  the  Prov- 

When  Hart  departed  from  Maryland  in  1720,  nine  of  the 
clergy,  on  May  19,  signed  a  letter  of  regret  (317-92).  The 
signers  were  William  Maconchie  of  Port  Tobacco  Parish  in 
Charles  County;  Giles  Rainsford,  of  St.  Paul's  Parish,  Prince 
George's  County;  Joseph  Colbatch,  of  all  Hallow's  Parish, 
Anne  Arundel  County;  Evan  Evans,  D.  D.,  of  St.  George's 
(Spesutia)  Parish,  Baltimore  County;  Henry  Hall  of  St.  James' 
Parish,  Anne  Arundel  County;  Thomas  Cockshutt,  of  All 
Saint's  Parish,  Calvert  County;  Jonathan  Kay,  of  Christ 
Church  Parish,  Calvert  County;.  John  Eraser,  of  Piscataqua 
Parish,  Prince  George's  County,  and  Samuel  Skippon,  of  St. 
Anne's  Parish,  Annapolis. 

VI. — The  Rev.  Jacob  Henderson,  Commissary  of  the  Bish- 
op of  London  for  the  Western  Shore  of  Maryland,  caused  his 
proctor,  the  quarrelsome  lawyer,  Thomas  MacNamara,  on  Eeb. 
25,  171'7,  to  transmit  articles  (317-131)  against  Rev.  Henry 
Hall,  who  would  not  show  his  letters  of  ordination  to  Hender- 
son. Finally,  he  handed  them  to  Bernard  White,  Henderson's 
Register  and  Writer,  and,  when  White  did  not  return  them, 
Hall  demanded  them  back  in  a  rage,  "  and  went  to  Gov.  Hart 
and  sued  out  a  writ  for  the  return  of  the  letters."  Because  of 
Hall's  actions,  White  was  barred,  for  a  time,  from  practice  in 
the  Maryland  Chancery  Court.  In  July  last,  Hall  was  "  much 
disguised  with  liquor,  to  the  great  scandal "  of  his  "  function 
and  evil  example  to  others." 

The  Bishop  responded  (317-130),  referring  Henderson  to 
Falconer's  work  concerning  the  erection  of  a  court.  He  re- 
gretted that  Hall  and  Henderson  fell  out,  but  believed  that  both 
of  them  act  uprightly.     "  If  all  that  is  personal  be  laid  aside, 


your  proceedings  will  tend  to  the  advantage  of  Church  and 
Colony."  The  Bishop  did  not  believe  that  Gov.  Hart  did 
"  anything  with  a  design  to  affront  my  authority "  and  ex- 
horted Henderson  and  Hart  "  mutually  to  forget  past  heats  " 
and  again  become  friends. 

Henderson  wrote  (317-93)  Dr.  Francis  Astry  at  Eulham  Pal- 
ace on  June  17,  1718,  that  a  third  of  the  Provincial  Assembly 
was  composed  of  dissenters  and  the  other  two-thirds  were  "  very 
low  "  and  opposed  Gov.  Hart  "  much  "  under  Queen  Anne,  but 
that  they  are  "  now  his  creatures  and  the  party,  at  present, 
that  he  caresses  and  is  supported  by,"  so  that  no  law  can  pass 
to  support  the  jurisdiction  of  the  Church  Courts.  The  letter 
was  conveyed  to  Dr.  Astry  by  Edward  Calvert,  Lord  Balti- 
more's younger  brother,  who  was  destined  to  return  to  the  Prov- 
ince ten  years  later  and  to  die  there. 

On  Sept.  5,  1718,  Henderson  wrote  (317-120)  asking  per- 
mission to  come  to  England  for  a  visit.  Henderson's  charge 
to  the  Clergy  (317-74)  on  June  28,  1720,  urges  that  the  cate- 
chism be  better  taught,  the  Lord's  Supper  be  more  often  admin- 
istered, and  the  observance  of  holydays  and  days  of  fasting  be 
more  constant. 

An  unnamed  young  man  going  from  Maryland  to  school  at 
Beverly  in  Yorkshire  is  recommended  for  confirmation  by  Hen- 
derson on  Aug.  19,  1724  (317-69).  On  Sept.  20,  1725,  Lord 
Baltimore  wrote  (317-181)  that  Henderson  had  presented  to 
him  a  letter  from  the  Bishop  and  that  instructions  shall  be  sent 
at  once  to  Gov.  Calvert,  in  accordance  with  the  Bishop's  desires. 
The  Proprietary  was  pleased  to  know  that  Calvert's  adminis- 
tration of  the  Province  had  met  with  favor  from  the  Bishop. 

An  anonymous  letter,  dated  Oct.  25,  1725,  complains  against 
Henderson's  acts  as  Commissary  (317-182).  Some  years  later, 
on  April  25,  1735  (317-75)  Henderson  wrote  that  Kev.  Eichard 
Chase,  who  occasioned  coldness  between  the  Bishop  and  Lord 
Baltimore,  was  ordained  by  Benjamin  Hoadley,  Bishop  of 
Salisbury,  and  is  a  "  person  of  much  levity,  no  learning,  and 
supposed  to  be  a  free  thinker,  or  deist.     He  gives  himself  great 


liberties  in  ridiculing  religion  and  that  set  of  people  highly 
caress  and  admire  him."  Upon  his  arrival  he  was  "  full  of 
invectives  "  against  the  Bishop,  until  Henderson  told  him  such 
conduct  was  "  unbecoming  "  and  the  Governor  discouraged  him. 
Then  he  kept  silence.  Baltimore  gave  him  one  of  the  "  best 
parishes/'  (i.  e.,  All  Hallows,  Anne  Arundel),  to  "  the  great 
grief  of  most  of  his  parishioners."  Since  this  appointment, 
there  have  arrived  in  Maryland  the  Rev.  Nathaniel  Morell 
(William  and  Mary  Parish,  Charles  County),  "  the  most  abso- 
lute sot  in  nature"  and  Rev.  John  Vaughan  (Westminster 
Parish,  Anne  Arundel  County),  "  who  has  indeed,  the  appear- 
ance of  a  prudent  gentleman."  Both  clergymen  came  from 
Lord  Baltimore  without  the  Bishop's  license. 

VII. — The  Rev.  Christopher  Wilkinson,  Commissary  for 
the  Eastern  Shore,  wrote  on  July  29,  1719  (317-191)  that  his 
parishioners  of  St.  Paul's,  Queen  Anne's  County,  were  building 
a  brick  church,  the  best  one  in  the  Province.  He  asks  a  gift 
of  plate  for  the  Altar,  and  hopes  to  receive  ornaments  for  the 
pulpit  and  Altar  table  by  the  hands  of  "  some  merchants  trad- 
ing from  Liverpool  in  our  ports.  We  want  a  Bible  and  Com- 
mon Prayer  Book,  also."  "  A  motion  for  dividing  of  parishes 
is  up  "  in  the  General  Assembly,  but  such  a  division  ought  not 
be  made  without  the  Bishop's  knowledge.  A  parish  might  be 
taken  from  Messrs.  Nicolls,  Mainadier's,  and  Wilkinson's  and 
a  church  built  in  it,  "  so  conveniently  seated  that  every  parish- 
ioner in  the  innermost  parts  of  the  several  parishes  might  go 
every  Lord's  Day  to  the  Church,  whereas  now,  as  they  are,  not 
above  once  in  three  weeks,  or  in  a  fortnight,  and  that  they  may 
do  this,  I  am  obliged  every  third  Lord's  Day  to  preach  at  two 
churches  7  miles  distant  and  one  of  these  17  miles  from  my 
home  which  I  cannot  continue."  More  clergymen  are  needed. 
On  Aug.  16,  1723  Wilkinson  (317-135)  wrote  to  ask  whether 
an  incestuous  marriage  should  be  decreed  a  nullity,  or  whether 
he  should  merely  decree  a  separation  of  the  parties.  He  wrote, 
on  Oct.  18,  1728  (317-189),  that  a  Bishop  was  needed  in 
Maryland,  as  well  as  Deacons  to  catechise  the  children  and 


negroes  and  attend  worship  every  Lord's  Day.  He  offered  to 
give  his  Deacon  half  his  maintenance  and  thinks  such  an  ar- 
rangement would  be  more  satisfactory  than  to  divide  parishes, 
which  would  discourage  ministers  from  coming  out  to  Mary- 
land. The  Assembly  now  sitting  have  brought  in  several  such 
bills.  It  these  are  passed,  the  clergy  cannot  make  allowance 
for  deacons.    • 

VIII. — The  Rev.  Giles  Rainsford  received  from  Gov. 
Charles  Calvert,  on  April  19,  1723  (317-197)  a  letter  to  the 
effect  that  he  was  bound  for  England  in  the  search  for  restora- 
tion in  health.  His  brethren  would  supply  his  parish  until  his 
return.  "  He  has  behaved  himself  so  well  as  to  be  very  much 
beloved  by  his  parishioners."  Gov.  Calvert  appends  a  request 
for  2  or  3  more  clergymen  and  states  that  he  has  inducted  Rev. 
Mr.  Ramsey  into  a  vacant  parish.  Rainsford,  probably,  did  not 
sail  that  year;  for,  on  April  10,  1724  (317-97),  he  wrote  that 
he  suffered  form  pain  in  his  head,  his  old  distemper,  and  wished 
to  return  to  England.  He  may  be  addressed  then  at  the  Vir- 
ginia Coffee  House  in  Michael's  Lane  in  Cornhill,  London. 

In  a  rather  obscure  note  from  Philip  Lee  to  Rainsford,  writ- 
ten on  July  22,  1725  (317-118)  he  asked  for  Lisby's  "Case 
Stated  "  and  remarked  that  Rev.  Mr.  Henderson  "  deceived  me 
about  the  loan  of  this  book." 

When  Mr.  Rainsford  left  the  Province,  he  sold  his  property 
to  the  Rev.  John  Eversfield  and  a  detailed  inventory  of  effects 
(317-54)  is  among  the  Eulham  manuscripts.  As  to  Mr.  Evers- 
field himself,  we  find  a  letter  written  by  Mathew  Cilborne  to 
Madame  Lane,  stating  that  Eversfield  was  employed  for  a  year 
to  "  write  at  my  seat  in  the  Six  Clerk's  Office  "  (a  legal  bureau) 
and  was  a  good  clerk,  until  he  received  a  blow  "  on  the  right 
elbow  from  Mr.  Thomas  Lane,  deceased,  as  I  have  been  credi- 
bly informed,  whence  he  lost  his  right  arm."  He  was  an  or- 
phan and  was  commended  to  Mrs.  Lane's  beneficence  by  Cil- 
borne and  by  25  other  clerks  in  the  Office  (317-76). 

IX. — The  Rev.  Joseph  Colbatch  was  diligent  in  his  services 
to  both  white  and  black  parishioners,  as  is  shown  by  a  detailed 


list  (317-53)  of  negroes  and  mulattoes  baptized,  married,  and 
buried  by  him  in  All  Hallows  Parish  from  1722-29. 

X. — Rev.  Peter  Tnstian  went  to  England  for  six  months  in 
1726  and  on  July  5  of  that  year?  the  vestry  of  his  parish,  St. 
James,  in  Anne  Arundel  County  (317-57),  viz.,  William  Lock, 
Josias  Towgood,  Samuel  Chew,  Jr.,  Thomas  Wells,  John  El- 
liott Browne,  and  John  Giles,  sent  a  letter,  stating  that  they 
tioped  for  their  minister's  return  and  that  the  neighboring 
clergy  by  subscription  had  agreed  to  supply  the  place,  any  other 
>r  better  provision  being  impracticable.  They  expressed  a  de- 
sire that  more  clergy  come  to  the  Province.  On  Sept.  29, 
1726,  Rev.  William  Trea dwell  Bull  wrote  the  Bishop  concern- 
ing Mr.  Tustian,  who  had  arrived  in  England.  He  was  born 
in  Warwickshire,  near  Northamptonshire,  and  was  a  Bachelor 
)f  Arts  of  Christ  Church  College,  Oxford.  In  1719,  together 
vvith  Bull,  he  went  as  a  missionary  to  Carolina  and  resided 
;here  for  twelve  months  "  with  very  good  repute,"  but  the  gov- 
ernment being  in  "  confusion,"  he  applied  to  the  Bishop  in  1721 
for  leave  to  remove  from  the  Colony  and  come  into  Maryland. 
Bie  was  a  gentleman  of  sobriety  and  good  learning. 

On  July  26,  1735;  the  Rev.  John  Urquhart  wrote  (317-58) 
Dr.  John  Hay,  vicar  of  Coleman  Church,  Bell  Alley,  London, 
;vho  forwarded  the  letter  to  the  Bishop.  Urquhart  had  suffered 
from  fever  and  ague  for  16  months.  He  was  acting  "  as  at- 
torney in  fact "  for  Tustian.  Lord  Baltimore  who  was  then 
in  the  Province,  ordered  the  Governor  to  induct  Rev.  John 
Lang,  if  Tustian  did  not  return  before  November,  but  this 
induction  was  not  made  until  May,  whereupon  Urquhart  was 
inducted  to  William  and  Mary  Parish  for  half  a  year  and  then 
went  to  All  Faith's,  "  the  largest  parish  in  the  Province."  Of 
the  parishioners,  a  third  part  were  papists,  who  give  him 
u  much  uneasiness."  He  suspects  that  they  "  set  his  glebe  on 
fire  in  the  night,  and  would  have  burnt  all  upon  it  had  it  not 
been  timously  prevented.  The  Jesuites  are  continually  at  work, 
perverting  the  people  and  indeed  daily  gaining  ground."  His 
predecessor,  Mr.  Holt,  had  told  the  Bishop  of  this  fact.     "  It 


is  no  secret  that  the  papists  have  more  say  with  those  that  have 
the  chief  powers  here  than  Protestants,  which  is  very  strange." 
There  had  been  no  visitation  of  the  clergy  since  Urquhart's 
arrival  in  the  Province. 

XI. — The  Bev.  George  Murdock  wrote  from  Virginia  on 
June  28,  1725,  that  the  clergy  were  better  provided  for  in 
Maryland  and  asked  that  he  might  go  thither,  with  his  family 
of  fonr  children.  Many  clergymen  removed  from  one  Prov- 
ince to  another  without  a  license,  since  all  colonies  were  in  the 
same  Diocese,  but  he  preferred  to  "  deal  regularly."  The  re- 
sponse must  have  been  favorable  and  Mr.  Murdock  writes  from 
Prince  George's  Parish  (317-188)  on  June  17,  1730.  He  was 
the  first  minister  in  this  new  parish,  which  was  60  miles  in 
length  by  20  in  breadth.  There  were  5  places  of  worship,  one 
was  a  church  and  the  others  were  private  houses.  The  people 
in  the  upper  parts  of  the  Parish  "  are  very  desirous  I  should 
be  oftener  with  them."  He  asks  that  he  be  sent  books,  such 
as  a  "  Delightful  Method  of  Friendly  Keligion,"  "  Plain  In- 
structions for  the  Young  and  Ignorant,  Being  a  Short  Exposi- 
tion of  the  Church  Catechism,"  "  An  Essay  towards  Making 
Keligion  Easy,"  "  The  Christian  Scholar  for  the  Use  of  School 
Boys  "  etc.,  "  which  are  not  to  be  had  with  us,  but  may  be 
purchased  in  London  at  very  easy  rates."  Dr.  Bray  "  has 
done  much  good  to  Maryland  in  this  affair,  viz.,  in  giving  and 
stirring  up  others  to  give  such  good  and  useful  books  to  such 
as  want  them.  But  I  understand  he  is  dead."  Therefore  Mr. 
Murdock  applies  to  the  Bishop.  Murdock  had  lost  almost  all 
his  books  in  a  fire  and  requests  for  himself  and  his  successors 
such  volumes  as:  Dr.  Scot's  Sermons,  Mr.  Blair's  Works,  Dr. 
Barrow's  Works,  Dr.  Beveredge's  Works  and  Dr.  Williamson's 
Works.  Two  years  later,  on  June  30,  1732,  (317-28)  again 
he  asks  for  books.  All  the  old  parishes  were  pretty  well  fur- 
nished without  cost  by  Dr.  Bray.  "  Our  parish  is  very  young, 
poor,  and  of  a  vast  great  bounds  "  and  with  "  few  inhabitants 
in  it."  Consequently,  "  we  want  books  much  more  than  the 
others."     "  A  few  plain  sermon  books  and  some  of  our  Church 


catechisms  explained  would  suit  our  circumstances  very  well. 
The  catechisms  I  would  have  all  of  a  sort  of  it,  otherwise  3  of 
each  sort  you  send." 

The  letter  is  endorsed,  "  Ordered,  March  16  '32/3  by  the 
Society,  that  some  Common  Prayers,  Duties  of  Man,  and  small 
Tracts  to  be  distributed  be  sent." 

The  Church  Wardens  and  vestrymen  of  Prince  George's 
Parish  (317-38)  had  petitioned  the  Bishop  for  books  on  July 
6,  1731,  James  Smith,  Alexander  Magruder,  Eliphaz  Eiley, 
John  Bell,  Charles  Perry,  Thomas  Harris,  William  Penson  and 
Thomas  ffetchall  sign  the  letter.  They  tell  how  Murdock's 
house  was  burned  with  his  certificate  of  orders  and  his  books 
and  they  ask  for  a  new  certificate.  "  We  acknowledge  that  we 
are  very  well  satisfied  with  him,  in  relation  to  the  premises, 
and,  at  his  motion,  we  humbly  pray  your  Lordship  to  send  our 
parish  a  small  library  of  books  some  share  of  that  may  be  more 
properly  for  the  use  of  him  and  his  successors,  ministers  of  our 
parish  and  others  that  may  be  adapted  to  the  capacities  of  the 
meanest  readers."  In  the  parish,  not  all  the  people  "  are  of 
one  opinion  in  matters  of  religion.  Beside  those  of  the  Com- 
munion of  the  Church  of  England,  we  have  a  Popish  Chappel 
and  a  Presbyterian  Meeting  house  very  nigh  our  Church.  The 
Papists  have  been  very  bold  of  late,  but,  blessed  be  Grod,  they 
can  do  us  no  harm.  The  Presbyterians  are  very  peaceable  and 
also  the  Quakers,  of  which  persuasion  we  have  some."  The 
parish  was  of  very  large  extent  and,  therefore,  had  the  greater 
need  of  books  than  was  the  case  in  compact  parishes.  [The 
Presbyterian  meeting  house  was  at  Bladensburg.] 

XII. — The  Eev.  H.  Mcols,  rector  of  St.  Michael's  Parish, 
Talbot  County  (317-71)  wrote  of  his  troubles:  "  The  parish 
possessed  a  small  glebe,  but  neither  house  fit  for  the  minister 
nor  a  quantity  of  land  for  a  plantation.  The  glebe  was  yearly 
rented  for  a  Hogshead  of  tobacco,  which  may  be  reckoned  at 
40  shillings.  Eighteen  years  previously  a  very  good  planta- 
tion was  left  to  the  church,  but,  by  a  defect  in  the  donor's  will, 


it  is  lost,  though  I  believe  it  to  be  recoverable  if  we  had  a  fund 
to  go  to  law  upon." 

About  10  years  previously  Col.  Smithson,  a  very  grave  and 
pious  gentleman,  "  left  dwelling,  plantation,  and  5  or  6  other 
tracts  of  land,  eight  negro  slaves  and  considerable  plate  for  the 
use  of  the  Communion  Table,  but,  by  the  Fraud  of  his  Execu- 
trix, all  had  like  to  be  defeated."  When  he  died,  he  had  money 
enough  in  his  house  to  pay  all  debts,  but  she  concealed  it  and 
"  brought  the  estate  so  much  in  debt  that  the  negroes  and  plate 
were  all  swallowed  up."  When  she  died,  "  the  gentleman's 
brother-in-law  kept  possession  of  the  House  and  Lands,  for 
which  we  have  been  at  law  these  5  or  6  years,  and  beside  parish 
charges,  I  have  been  a  great  deal  out  of  pocket  myself  in  carv- 
ing on  the  suit  and  so  has  the  Rev. Mr.  Wilkinson.  At  length, 
not  3  weeks  ago,  we  have  possession  of  the  plantation,  but  do 
not  expect  to  keep  it  without  as  much  molestation  as  he  can 
give  us,  he  being  a  papist  and  bearing  an  inveterate  grudge  to 
me  and  the  church.  He  has  suffered  the  dwelling  and  all  the 
outhouses  to  become  an  absolute  ruin."  The  parish  will  not 
repair  them  and  Nicols  cannot.  He  does  not  wish  his  successor 
to  be  able  "  to  come  on  his  executor  "  for  dilapidations. 

XIII. — From  Somerset  County  on  June  31  (sic),  1725,  to 
an  unknown  clergyman,  a  letter  is  sent  by  the  vestry  of  one  of 
the  parishes,  viz :  William  Stoughton,  Capell  King,  Levin  Gale, 
Thomas  Dashiell,  Henry  Ballerd  and  Thomas  Lawes  stating 
that  Mr.  William  Gale  has  informed  them  of  the  clergyman's 
worth  (317-206)  and  therefore,  they  invite  him  to  come  as  their 
minister.  He  will  receive  20,000  pounds  of  tobacco  each  year 
and  perquisites  for  marriages,  funerals,  sermons,  etc.  The 
public  school,  settled  in  the  parish  by  recent  act  of  the  Assem- 
bly, wants  a  master  and  will  pay  £40  a  year  as  his  salary. 
Both  places  may  be  held  by  the  same  man,  making  his  annual 
remuneration  worth  at  least  £130.  Mr.  William  Gale  can 
describe  the  parish.  ~No  other  minister  will  be  received,  until 
this  letter  be  answered.  On  Nov.  16,  1725,  a  testimonial  (317- 
100)   was  prepared  at  Whithaven,  England  by  several  gentle* 


men  to  Rev.  Mr.  Kirkby,  curate  at  Egremont,  who  had  been 
invited  to  Somerset  County  by  gentlemen,  mostly  known  by  the 

XIV.— Gov.  Charles  Calvert  (317-112)  on  Nov.  8,  1721, 
wrote  the  Bishop,  that,  at  the  latter's  request,  he  had  inducted 
the  Rev.  Mr.  Fletcher  into  one  of  the  best  parishes  in  Mary- 
land and,  on  July  26,  1724,  Calvert  wrote  again  (317-114) 
to  congratulate  the  new  Bishop  on  his  translation  to  the  see  and 
to  state  that  the  "  loyalty  "  of  the  Maryland  clergy  "  to  King 
George,  their  affection  to  our  proprietor,  and  the  regard  they 
have  had  to  me  command  everything  I  can  do  to  serve  them." 

XV. — Rev.  Alexander  Campbell  wrote,  on  Oct.  22,  1727 
(317-70)  that  Lord  Baltimore  should  be  given  Delaware  to 
"  put  down  "  the  Quakers  there.  Campbell  desired  to  be  re- 
moved from  Maryland.  He  had  been  falsely  charged  with 
"  too  great  intimacy  with  Women."  "  Mr.  Ross,  a  nonjuring 
clergyman  and  one  of  Dr.  Walton's  associates,  is  my  enemy." 
Campbell  had  been  condemned  unheard,  when  too  ill  to  appear 
before  Ross  and  "  some  2  or  3  missionaries  more."  Ross's 
brother  was  the  chief  accuser  and  the  only  witnesses  against 
Campbell  were  Ross's  brother's  son  and  a  convict,  transported 
from  England  for  wool  stealing. 

XVI. — The  Rev.  John  Lang,  rector  of  St.  Luke's  Parish, 
Queen  Anne's  County,  wrote  the  Bishop  of  London,  on  August 
14,  1731,  asking  for  a  church  in  England.  He  had  been  or- 
dained in  May  1725  and  arrived  in  Virginia  during  that  year. 
Two  years  later,  he  removed  to  Maryland,  where  he  served  a 
parish  50  miles  long  and  30  miles  broad,  traveling  "  through 
uninhabited  woods  and  marshes "  to  visit  his  parishioners. 
The  "  excessive  heats  of  summer  and  violent  colds  of  winter 
brought  his  health  so  low  "  that  he  could  not  longer  perform 
his  duties.  He  had  been  advised  to  go  to  England  for  his 
health,  but  could  not  afford  to  give  up  his  living,  which  such 
absence  would  vacate,  and  so  fail  to  care  for  his  wife  and  chil- 


dren.  If  lie  had  been  single,  he  would  have  been  willing  to 
die  in  Maryland  and,  if  he  had  continued  well,  he  would  "  re- 
main in  this  corner,  where  there  is  so  great  need  of  Gospel 
ministers."  "  The  thoughts  of  leaving  a  virtuous  wife  and 
good  children  here  to  the  mercy  of  a  people  who  begrudge  min- 
isters the  small  allowance  of  subsistence  must  be  very  shocking 
to  any  tender  husband  or  parent."  (317-16).  Several  years 
later,  on  May  29,  1735  (317-52),  he  asked  the  Bishop  to  per- 
mit him  to  return  to  England  and  give  him  a  benefice  there. 
Through  illness,  Lang  was  hardly  able  to  write  and  he  "  can 
bear  neither  cold  nor  fatigue."  He  has  no  assistant  and  the 
other  clergy  have  large  parishes,  so  they  cannot  aid  him.  As 
soon  as  any  clergymen  arrive  in  %e  Province,  "  they  have  cures 
of  their  own,"  for  there  are  always  vacant  parishes.  For  six 
years,  he  held  St.  Luke's  parish,  a  very  large  one,  50  miles  in 
length  and  30  miles  in  "  wideness,"  in  which  were  3  different 
places  of  worship,  "  12  and  18  miles  apart."  God  prospered 
his  labors  there  with  visible  success.  There  were  only  11 
communicants  when  he  came,  and  85  when  he  left.  He  found 
no  church  nor  chapel,  at  his  arrival,  but  by  "  my  indefatigable 
labor  and  industry,  I  got  built  a  very  handsome  brick  church, 
77  feet  in  length,  35  feet  in  wideness,  and  22  feet  pitch  in  the 
walls,  all  plastered  and  whitewashed  on  the  inside  and  furnished 
with  a  very  decent  Chancel,  Communion  Table  and  Rails,  Pul- 
pit, Reading  Desk,  Clerk's  Pew  and  4  rows  of  pews  from  end 
to  end,  a  large  Gallery  in  one  end  from  side  to  side,  for  common 
people  and  servants.  The  church  is  well  lighted,  having  13 
windows,  10  feet  in  height  each,  3  doors,  and  a  bell  of  about 
170  pd.  wt.,  and,  in  forwarding  of  the  good  work  I  sunk  above 
£  100  sterling  of  my  own  money."  At  the  same  time,  he  se- 
cured "  voluntary  subscriptions  for  a  Chappel  of  Wooden  Work, 
45  feet  in  length  and  26  feet  in  wideness,"  which  was  built  and 
furnished.  On  account  of  his  health,  he  sought  "  an  easyer 
Cure  tho'  less  income."  St.  James  was  a  small  parish,  "16 
miles  in  length  and  about  10  miles  in  wideness,  with  one  place  of 
worship,"  yet  sometimes  Lang  "  cannot  in  3  or  4  months,  visit 


my  church  nor  walk  thro'  my  room,  and  there  is  danger  that  the 
people  be  seduced  by  papists  and  Quakers.  These  latter 
make  above  %  of  the  white  people  in  the  parish,  and  have  two 
meeting  houses.  There  are  some  also  of  people  of  better  sort 
of  fashion,  Papists,  and  they  have  also  mass  at  home."  Lang 
had  a  wife  and  three  children.  Physicians  advised  his  return 
to  England  and  held  out  hope  of  recovery,  if  he  does  so. 

On  February  8,  1735/6,  Rev.  Mr.  Lang  wrote  again,  to  re- 
peat his  request  (317-14).  He  had  written  asking  other  promi- 
nent men  in  England  to  give  their  aid,  such  as  Horace  Walpole, 
the  Archbishop  of  York  and  the  Bishop  of  Winchester,  but  re- 
ceived no  reply  from  them,  which  fact  reminds  him  how  the 
priest  and  levite  passed  on  the  other  side  of  the  way,  when  the 
man  fell  among  thieves.  He  had  been  transferred  too  St. 
James,  Herring  Creek  Parish,  in  Anne  Arundel  County,  but 
his  health  will  not  permit  him  properly  to  perform  his  work. 
He  cannot  find  a  curate,  nor  afford  to  resign  his  charge.  He 
encloses  a  testimonial  from  Gov.  Ogle,  dated  October  9,  1735, 
stating  that  Mr.  Lang  has  "  languished  under  great  indisposi- 
tion of  body  through  sickness  of  various  kinds  "  and  intends  to 
return  to  England  for  his  health.  "  He  is  a  worthy  and  deserv- 
ing clergyman  of  the  Church  of  England,  sober  and  discreet  in 
his  conversation,  a  strict  observer  of  his  duty  in  the  discharge 
of  his  sacred  office  and  of  loyal  and  sound  principles  in  relation 
to  the  present  establishment  in  Church  and  State.  He  has  been 
by  me  judged  worthy  of  the  best  preferment  here."  On  June 
25,  1736,  Mr.  Lang  (317-73)  again  importuned  the  Bishop 
for  an  English  cure  and  asked  that  the  answer  be  sent  in  care 
of  Dr.  John  Hamilton  of  Calvert  County,  if  the  ship  come 
thither,  or  in  care  of  William  Cumming,  attorney  at  law,  at 
Annapolis,  if  the  ship  is  bound  for  that  port.  Mr.  Lang  became 
desperate  and,  on  November  27,  1736,  wrote  that  he  would 
"come  home"  (317-72),  but  his  efforts  to  return  to  England 
were  fruitless.  He  continued  at  Herring  Creek  for  fourteen 
years  and  until  his  death  in  1748  (Gambrall's  Church  Life  in 
Colonial  Md.,  pp.  188-203). 



XVII. — On  November  18,  1733,  Lord  "  Baltemore  "  recom- 
mended for  holy  orders,  Mr.  Chapp,  for  whom  he  had  ordered 
a  living  in  Anne  Arandell  County  to  be  kept  vacant.  Chapp 
has  had  a  u  liberal  education  "  and  is  "  very  conversant  in  the 

XVIII. — Nathaniel  Whitaker  went  to  England,  carrying 
with  him  a  certificate  as  to  his  character  (317-213),  written  in 
1738  by  the  clergymen  of  Perth  Amboy  and  Elizabeth  in  New 
Jersey  and  of  Staten  Island  in  New  York,  and  also  a  bond  (3 17- 
77)  executed  by  the  Eev.  Thomas  Fletcher,  rector  of  All  Hal- 
low's Parish,  Somerset  County,  on  Eebruary  18,  1739/40  that 
he  would  pay  Whitaker,  as  curate,  £  20  sterling  per  annum, 
with  the  benefits  of  the  perquisites  for  marriage  and  funerals, 
when  he  should  return  as  a  clergyman.  Eev.  Mr.  Fletcher  also 
wrote  to  the  Bishop  from  Somerset  County,  on  June  18,  1740, 
stating  that  Whitaker  had  been  in  the  Province  for  10  months. 
He  brought  good  testimonials  and  had  shown  "  discreet  and 
Christian  behavior."  Fletcher  requested  that  Whitaker  receive 
holy  orders,  so  that  he  might  become  his  curate.  "  Many,  who 
otherwise  constantly  attend  the  service  and  are  strictly  attached 
to  the  interests  of  the  Church  of  England,  have,  by  reason  "  of 
the  "  largeness  "  of  the  parish,  "  been  induced  to  frequent  Dis- 
senting Meeting  Houses  "  of  the  Presbyterians.  A  curate  could 
remedy  this  condition  of  affairs. 

XIX. — In  1721,  William  Bewenton  executed  deeds  for  cer- 
tain landed  properties  to  Eev.  Alexander  Adams.  Bewenton 
owed  John  Caldwell  some  tobacco  and  the  latter  attacked  the 
deeds  in  the  Provincial  Chancery  Court  as  fraudulent  (31'7- 
153).  The  suit  dragged  on  for  some  years  and  finally,  in 
1726,  the  deeds  were  ordered  to  be  set  aside.  We  hear  of  Eev. 
Mr.  Adams  again,  many  years  later,  when  on  October  5,  1751, 
he  petitioned  for  the  appointment  of  a  Bishop  in  the  Province 
and  suggested  financial  arrangements  (317-55)  for  that  pur- 


XX. — The  Rev.  A.  Spencer  *  on  September  25,  1750,  wrote 
that,  in  the  beginning  of  June,  he  had  arrived  in  Virginia  with 
the  promise  of  a  parish  in  Maryland.  He  found  that  every  one 
condemned  "  Dr.  Middleton's  arguments  on  miracles  "  and  his 
"  uncivil  mode  of  disputing  "  with  the  Bishop.  Spencer  may 
be  addressed  in  care  of  Benedict  Calvert  at  Annapolis.  He 
brought  with  him  the  Bishop's  letter  on  earthquakes  and  found 
that  it  was  read  by  most  people  "  with  the  greatest  approba- 
tion." "  I  remember  the  Governor  one  day,  at  his  own  table 
(whence  your  Lordship's  health  has  been  several  times  drunk) 
observed  that,  allowing  the  earthquake  to  be  no  threatening  from 
the  Almighty  God;  yet,  as  your  Lordship's  letter  tended  to 
awaken  the  consciences  of  hardened  sinners,  and  to  make  man- 
kind better,  it  certainly  deserved  the  highest  encomium." 

XXI. — In  a  letter  written  on  September  29,  1769,  Eev. 
Henry  Addison  stated  that  he  was  a  Master  of  Arts  of  Queen's 
College,  Oxford. 

During  the  period  covered  by  these  papers,  the  following 
clergymen  were  Bishops  of  London: 

Henry  Compton  (1675-1713). 
John  Eobinson  (1714-1723). 
Edmund  Gibson  (1723-1748). 
Thomas  Sherlock  (1748-1761). 

Archibald  Spencer,  who  came  to  Virginia,  September  20,  1749. 




14<*  Septr  1775. 
In  compliance  with  an  order  of  the  Convention  an  Election 
was  held  at  Elisabeth  Town  on  the  12th  day  of  September  1775 
for  a  Committee  of  Observation  &  delegates  to  serve  in  Conven- 
tion when  the  f ollowS  Gentlemen  were  duly  elected  vz 


John  Stnll 
Charles  Sweringen 
Andrew  Rench 
Wm  Baird 
Jonathan  Hager 
Col.  Cresap 

Christian  Orendurff  Joseph  Chaplain 

Zekiel  Cox  John  Rench 

Conrad  Hogmire  Wm  Yates 

John  Cellar  James  Smith 

Sam1  Hughes  Joseph  Smith 

George  Zwingly  Coll.  Beale 


William  Baird 


John  Stull 

The  Committee  met  for  the  first  time  on  the  14th  of  Septem- 
ber 1775,  when  the  following  members  were  present 

John  Stull  Esqr  President 
Sam1  Hughes 

James  Smith  Z :  Cox 

John  Rench  G.  Zwingley 

Cap1  Hogmire  C.  Orendurff 

Wm  Yates  And :  Rench 


John  Cellar 
Wm  Baird 
Charles  Sweringen 

The  following  persons  were  appointed  to  serve  as  a  Commit- 
tee for  licencing  Suits  vz 

James  Smith  Col1  Beale  John  Cellar 

Samuel  Hughes  John  Rench  Charles  Sweringen 

Conrad  Hogmire 



Cap*  Jonathan  Hagar  was  appointed  to  receive  all  Sums  of 
money  that  may  be  Voluntarily  given  for  the  publick  good. 

Order' d  That  the  following  persons  carry  the  Association  to 
all  freemen  resident  in  this  district  and  require  their  subscrip- 
tion to  the  same  vz 

In  Linton  Hundred 
Fort  Frederick 

Eliz.  Town 

Upper  Antietam 

Lower  Antietam 

Marsh  Hundred 

Thomas  Hynes 
Benjn  Jonston 
Thos  Sweringen 
David  Jones 
Isaac  Baker 
Doctr  Shnebly 
Henry  Cellar 
Dan1  Clapsadle 
Ludwick  Young 
Andrew  Link 
Dan1  Perry 
Christ.  Lance 
George  Dement 
Thos  Crampton 
Conrad  Shnebly 
Doc*  Cruse 
Jn°  Reynolds  Jun. 
Richd  Davis 
Ignatious  Sims 
Peter  White 

Application  being  made  to  this  Committee  by  the  Committee 
of  Georges  Creek  on  Monogahala  for  Amunition,  Order' d  that 
Mr  Stull  deliver  unto  Mr  J.  Sweringen  for  the  use  of  the  said 
Committee  Seventy  four  Pounds  of  Gun  Powder  at  3/6  $  H. 
&  Eighty  Pounds  of  Lead  at  6.d  sP  lb.  &  receive  the  money  for 
the  same  and  keep  it  untill  further  directions  from  this  Com- 

Resolved  that  each  member  of  this  Committee  shall  pay  5/ 
fine  for  each  days  non  attendance  without  a  Lawfull  excuse, 
Col1  Cresap  excepted.    It  is  also  resolved  that  each  Member  pay 



his  Club  of  the  expences  attends  this  Committee,  present  or 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  the  1st  Monday  in  October. 

A  Letter  being  recd  from  the  Committee  of  Correspondence 
for  the  Middle  District  of  this  County  relative  to  the  raisS  two 
Companies  of  Minute  men.  The  Committee  met  for  that  pur- 
pose on  Monday  the  18  of  Sepr  1775. 


Jn°  Stull  Esqr  President 
Sam1  Hughes     Seer. 
Cap*  Hogmire  John  Rench  George  Zwingley 

Cap*  Smith  John  Cellars  Charles  Sweringen 

Cap*  Hagar  And :  Rench 

Resolved  That  Messrs  Henry  Shriock  &  James  Chaplain  be 
appointed  to  enroll  two  Companies  of  Minute  men  being  the 
number  alloted  for  this  district  &  they  are  hereby  appointed  for 
that  purpose. 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  1st  Monday  in  October. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  adjournment  present 
Joseph  Smith  Esqr  in  the  chair 
Sam1  Hughes  Sec*y 
James  Smith  Cap*  Hagar  T.  Cellars 

C :  Orendurff  Cap*  Stull  L.  Yates 

Z :  Cox  Con :  Hogmire  And :  Rench 

C.  Sweringen  G:  Zwingly  Wto  Beard 

It  appears  to  this  Committee  (from  the  representation  of 
some  of  the  members  who  have  endeavor' d  to  get  their  neighbors 
to  enroll  in  Companies  of  Militia)  that  the  greatest  numbers 
refuse  in  consequence  of  several  religious  sects  being  excepted 
by  the  resolves  of  the  Convention. 

Resolved,  That  this  Committee  is  of  opinion  that  its  highly 
reasonable  that  every  person  who  enjoy  the  benefit  of  their  relig- 
ion &  protection  of  the  Laws  of  this  free  Country  ought  to  Con- 
tribute either  in  money  or  Military  service  towards  the  defence 
of  these  invaluable  Rights. 


Kesd  That  two  shillings  &  six  pence  Curcy  sP  week  (for  all 
these  who  are  restrained  by  religious  principles  from  contribute 
their  proportion  in  military  service)  wod  be  equal  to  musters 
agreeable  to  the  directions  of  the  Convention. 

Resolved,  that  a  remonstrance  be  sent  to  the  next  Convention 
sets  forth  the  cause  &  substance  of  the  above  resolve. 
Order'd,  that  the  Commissioned  Officers  of  the  Militia  Com- 
panies in  this  District  attend  at  Eliz.  Town  on  the  3d  Monday 
of  this  month  in  order  to  Vote  for  persons  to  be  recommended  to 
the  Council  of  Safety  as  field  Officers. 

Theodore  Grove     \  Debt 

Jacob  Miller  J  Licence  granted 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  the  16.  October. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  adjournment  present  Jn° 
Stull  Govr  in  the  chair 

Sam1  Hughes  Secry 
George  Zwingly  Chas  Sweringen  Wm  Beard 

James  Smith  Andrew  Rench  John  Cellars 

John  Bench  Cap*  Hagar  Z :  Cox 

Christian  Orendorff 

On  a  motion  being  made  &  seconded.  It  was  order'd  That  a 
Letter  shod  be  wrote  the  Come  of  Correspondence  in  the  Middle 
District  that  it  is  the  opinion  of  this  District  that  the  Battalion 
of  Minute  men  for  this  County  wod  receive  great  advantage  by 
being  kept  together  &  Instructed,  &  that  this  Come  are  desirous 
such  a  plan  shod  be  fell  on  and  that  a  meeting  of  the  Three  Dis- 
tricts of  this  County  wod  be  advisable,  &  in  case  such  meets  shod 
be  appointed  to  attend  at  said  meeting  with  full  power  to  Act 
for  this  Committee  in  the  aforesd  business. 

Ludwick  Myers  complaind    ^  Licence  granted  pr 

Elijah  Lackland 

aS*  y         a  writ 


Alon  Miller  %  Licence  granted  pr 

(  a  writ 

Sp  angler  &  Hargate    J 

Mich1  Taylor    1  Do 
Thos  Lucket      / 

Eichd  Davis    \ 

a  lj)o 

Elijah  Hue     J 

Order'd  that  all  those  who  have  enrolld  with  Mr  Brook  &  Mr 
Dement  do  join  &  form  one  Company  &  immediately  proceed 
to  the  choice  of  officers. 

On  motion  of  Mr  Thomas  Erinck  Senr  to  the  Commitie  of  the 
Uper  District  of  Frederick  County  that  he  hath  been  Often  In- 
sulted by  The  Residents  of  the  Uper  Part  of  Frederick  County 
by  Refusing  To  Pay  their  Publick  Dues ;  it  is  the  Opinion  and 
Advice  of  this  Committie  that  they  Ought  to  Pay  their  Levies 
and  all  their  Publick  Dues  for  the  Suport  of  the  Civil  Gover- 

A  motion  being  made  by  a  Member  of  the  Committie  That  as 
Sundrey  Companeys  of  the  Militia  that  is  not  yet  Made  Up 
and  Enroled  According  to  the  Directions  of  The  Provincial  Con- 
vention and  as  the  Number  of  the  said  Companeys  Appeareant 
to  be  Raised  Doth  Not  Ammount  To  Make  up  Three  full  Battal- 
lions  it  is  Resolved  by  The  said  Committee  in  Order  to  satisfie 
the  Popolus  That  an  Election  be  for  the  Hagerstown  Batallon 
On  the  23d  Day  of  October  1775  And  for  the  Lower  Batallon 
On  the  30th  Day  of  Octr  (Inst.)  and  that  the  said  Lower  Batal- 
lon shall  Transmitt  a  full  and  Cleare  Copy  of  Their  Ellection 
to  the  Commitie  of  Corespondance  for  The  said  Destrict  in  Or- 
der that  they  May  Transmitt  The  same  to  the  Councell  of  Safty 
of  this  Provance  that  They  May  Take  Order  therein. 

Comittie  Adjournd  to  the  23d  Inst. 

the  Committee  met  on  the  11th  November  1775  Colonell  Jo- 
seph Smith  in  the  Cheair  Agreed  that  Cap*  Stull  Cap*  Hog- 


anire  Cap*  Baker  Cap*  Bentch  Cap*  Hughes  Cap*  Kersner  Cap* 
Scryack  Cap*  Clapsadle  be  the  first  Battallion. 

Cap*  Orendorph  Cap*  Sholley  Cap*  Williams  Cap*  Davis 
Cap*  Smith  Cap*  Demand  Cap*  Sweringin  Cap*  Walling  be 
the  second  Battallion. 

Whereas  it  has  Been  Represented  to  this  Committee  by  Mr 
John  Swan  that  his  Character  has  been  much  aspersed  by  a 
Certain  John  Shryack  as  having  saith  that  he  suspected  the  said 
Mr  Swan  haveing  been  an  Enimy  to  America  the  said  John 
Shrack  being  call'd  to  this  Committie  and  making  nothing  ap- 
peare  aginst  him  the  said  John  Swan  is  Honerable  acquitted 
by  this  Committee  of  said  Charge  the  Committie  ajourns  to 
Mondy  the  20  Inst. 

At  the  meeting  of  the  Committee  on  the  19  of  Novr  1775 


Mr  James  Smith  President 
Mr  Stull  Mr  Sweringen  Mr  Zwingly 

Mr  Beard  Mr  Jn°  Bench  Mr  Hughes 

Mr  A.  Bench 

Docr  John  Connelly  of  Fort  Pitt  &  certain  persons  calld  Docr 
Smith  &  Mr  Campbell  were  bro*  before  the  Committee  &  accused 
of  being  inimical  to  the  Liberties  of  America.  Besolved  unani- 
mously that  the  said  Doctr  Connelly  (from  certain  papers  pro- 
duced to  this  Committee  and  acknowledged  to  have  been  wrote 
by  him)  is  a  dangerous  Enemy  to  the  Colonies  &  as  such  shall 
be  sent  to  the  Council  of  Safety  or  Convention  for  further  trial, 
it  was  also  Besolved  that  the  aforsd  Doctr  Smith  and  Mr  Camp- 
bell being  found  guilty  of  many  equivocations  &  comg  in  Com- 
pany with  the  aforesd  Doc1*  Connely  from  the  dangerous  Coun- 
cils of  Lord  Dunmore  that  is  the  opinion  of  this  Commtee  that 
the  said  Smith  &  Campbell  shall  be  sent  to  the  Council  of  Safety 
or  Convention  for  further  enquiry. 



The  Committee  adjourns  till  the  1st  Monday  in  December. 

The  Committee  met  according. 


Mr  Jas  Smith  in  the  Chair 
Christian  Orendurfl:  Andrew  Rench  G.  Zwingly 

John  Rench  C :  Sweringen  S :  Hughes 

John  Fry  ^ 

a  V  Licence  granted  for  a  Writ 

Philip  Olinger    ) 

Francis  Rsylict 
Aron  Bowman 
George  Dangler 
Balser  Gull  &  D 

\  Licence  for  a  warrant  in  8  days 


1  Licence  for  execution 

By  Order  of  the  Commite  Apointed  Daniel  Heaster  To  Arbi- 
trate and  Award  on  An  Affair  of  Controversey  Now  Depending 
betwixt  William  Sitssler  and  Christian  Shneakenberger  in  the 
Room  of  Cap*  Johanathan  Hager  Desceassed 

Decebr  the  4th  1775. 
Licence  Granted  to  John  Puffingberger  To  Isue  sute  against 
Michael  Gonstater  in  a  Plea  of  Debt. 

Novbr  the  4th  1775. 
Order'd  That  Sam1  Hughes  and  Andrew  Rench  do  attend  at 
M:  Harrys  on  Thursday  next  in  order  to  receive  the  Acco*  of 
necessarys  supplied  the  Rifle  Companys  &  transmit  the  Same  to 
the  Treasurers  of  Philadelphia  for  payment. 

The  Committe  adjourn  till  the  4th  Monday  in  this  month. 
A  list  of  Rifles  appraised  for  Cap*  Cresaps  Company  July  28 


John  Miller 

£  5.. 

15..  0 

18  Bro*  up            £  74. 



John  Grip 


0..  0 

Peter  Wheland 




PhiKp  Stildibran 


5..  0 

Ernest  Deeds  for 




Henry  Ralglezer 


0..  0 

Jn°  Tombleson 

Philip  Lear 


15..  0 

Jacob  Roarer   by 

Fred  Roarer 






Benj.  Musselinan 

4..    0..  0 

Christian  Coogle 

4.     0.  0 

Doctr  Hart 

5..    0..0 

Peter  Wertz 

5.  15.  0 

John  Roarer 

3..  15..  0 

Thos  Sims 

4.     0.  0 

Christian  Heward 

3..  10..  0 

Henry  Yost 

4.  15.  0 

John  Boozer 

2..  10..  0 


4.  10.  0 

John  Carepeny 

4.  10.  0 


4.  10.  0 

Dan1  Miller 

4..  10.  0 

Francis  Waggoner 

4.  15.  0 

Stephn  Tilery 

4.     5.  0 

Delman  Wilshaps 

Jacob  Shivley 

3.  15.  0 

son  in  Law 

4.  10.  0 

Christian  Shank 

3..  10..  0 

Henry  Poland 

4.  10.  0 

Nicholas  Verner 

5..    5..  0 

Andrew  Dickson 

4.     5.  0 

Daniel  Stutsman 

4..    0..  0 

one  More 

4.     0.  0 

Jacob  Peter 

2..  15..  0 

Philip  Erhard 

33  Guns                  £ 

5.     0.  0 

18  card  up 

£74..  0..  0 

143.15.  0 

Recd  July  the  27 

,  1775  of  the  Committee  of  Elizabeth  Town 

district  Thirty  two  Rifle  Guns  appraised  at  one  Hundred  & 
Thirty  seven  Pounds  fifteen  shillings  for  the  use  of  my  Com- 
pany which  I  do  hereby  promise  to  pay  to  the  said  Committee 
as  soon  as  I  am  enabled  so  to  do  by  receive  money  of  the  Conti- 
nental Congress 

I  say  recd  Pr  me 
(signd)  Michael  Cresap. 
ditto  recd  another  Rifle  Gun  appraised  at  £5.0.0. 

p  me 
(Signd)  Michael  Cresap. 
The  above  is  an  exact  Copy  of  the  Voucher  sent  to  Philadel- 
phia by  Mr  Hester. 

Sam1  Hughes. 

1ST0  2     Francis  Waggoner     3  Rifles  £  15.    0.    0 

sign'd  sP  Cap*  Price 
d°  Gun  Smith  work 

sign'd  by  Leiu*  Davis         4.    3.    3 

£  19.    3.    3 


3  Thomes  Senilis  for  Dry  Goods 

sign'd  by  Leiu*  Davis  5.  13.    5 

4  Balser  Coal  d° 

sign'd  by  Cap*  Cresap  15. 15.    0 

5.  George  Dile     2  Eines     sign'd  by  Cap*  Price  9.    0.    0 

6.  Cassandra  Williams  for  makg  H.  Shirk  for 

Cap*  Cresaps  C°  proved  before  Mr  Stull  2.  11.    0 

7.  Henry  Turtwiler  2  Deer  skins 

sign'd  by  Leu*  Davis  45/ 
d°  maks  1  pr  Breeches  ld  by 

Lieu*  Eawlins  10/  2. 15.    0 

8  Jn°  Edwards                    sign'd  by  Leu*  Davis  10.    6.  10 

9  Mathias  Ott     70  Eashons                  d°  2.  12.    6 

10  Mary  Kerr     maks  Caps     Leu*  Eawlins  2.    0.    0 

11  George  Zin             d°                        Leu*  Davis  1.    5.    0 

12  Ernest  Deeds     Gun  Smith  work             d°  4.  16.    0 

13  Jacob  Eisher     Shot  bags               L*  Eawlins  1.    6.    6 

14  Ered  Eoarer   1  Gun   Cap*  Price     £5.    0.  0  ^ 

d°       90  Eashons  L*  Cresap       3.    7.  6  V  9.    1.    8 
d°                             L*  Davis       0. 14.  2  J 

15  Martin  Harry     109  Eashons             L*  Davis  4.    1.    9 

16  Wm  Hyser  75  Eashons  &  Drink 

L*  Davis  &  Eawlings  3. 12.    5 

17  Jacob  Shriock                                     L*  Davis  0.12.    0 

18  Cap*  Shriock  Eashons  Cap*  Cresap  28.  1.  2  \  09     o     g 

d°  Caps  L*  Davis    1.  1.  6  J 

19  Mich1  Eogler     118  Eashon               L*  Davis  4.    8.    6 

20  Jn°  Montgomery                                          d°  0. 14.    0 

21  Peter  Bell     90  Eashons                              d°  3.    7.    6 

22  Jn°Eagen                                                     d°  3.18.    6 

£126.    3.    6 

23  John  Swan     store  Goods             Cap*  Cresap  31.    2.    6 

157.    6.    0 
The  above  is  an  exact  Acco*  of  the  Voucher  sent  to  Phila  by 
Mr  Hester 

S.  Hughes. 


December  the  18 :  1775  the  Committee  met  Joseph  Smith  in 
the  Chaire  Christan  Orendorph  Andrew  Rentch  George  Swengle 
John  Rentch  John  Cellar  Conrad  Hogmire. 

Agreed  that  Cap*  Schryack  is  to  have  one  pound  of  Powder 
and  four  pound  of  Led  for  Which  he  was  out  in  Taken  Connely. 

Agreed  that  Each  Captain  of  the  two  Battaleons  is  to  have 
two  pounds  of  powder  and  six  pounds  of  Led  to  be  applied  only 
to  the  use  of  the  Publick  in  case  of  an  Invasion  and  to  be  re- 
turned if  Demanded. 

Agreed  if  Cap*  Hughes  Comes  whome  before  the  first  Day  of 
January  Next  and  Dose  not  Come  to  this  Committee  upon  the 
Complaint  of  Le*  William  Hesser  Adam  Smith  and  John 
Oster  he  then  shall  be  sent  for. 

The  Committee  was  called  on  the  10th  of  Janr^  1776.  Sam1 
Hughes  in  the  chair. 

Cap*  Hogmire  Cap*  Rench  Mr  Cellars 

Cap*  Smith  Mr  Zwingly  Mr  John  Rench 

Cap*  Sweringen 

Docr  Smith  (who  made  his  escape  from  Frederick  Town) 
was  bro*  before  the  Committee,  &  several  letters  of  consequence 
from  Doctr  Connelly  to  the  Enemies  of  America  in  the  Back 
Country  was  found  with  him.  Resolved  that  the  said  Dr  Smith 
be  sent  under  safe  guard  to  the  Congress. 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  Monday  next. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  adjournment  15  Jan7  1776. 

Joseph  Smith  in  the  chair 

John  Rench  And :  Rench  G.  Zwingly 

C :  Hogmire  Jn°  Sellars  Sam1  Hughes 

Jas  Smith  C.  Orendurff 


order'd  that  Henry  Yost  be  supplied  with  six  Pounds  of  Powder 
at  /  331b.  to  prove  his  muskets  with 

C.  Eagle  >  _  . 

Thos.  Mercer     }  L^ence  p' a  warrant 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  the  1st  Monday  in  Feb?. 

The  Committee  meet  According  to  Adjornm*  on  Monday  the 
5th  F^ry  !776 


John  Stull  Esqr  in  the  Chair 

Andrew  Eench  Esqr  Sam1  Hughes  Esqr 

John  Sellers  Esqr  Mr  John  Eench 

Conrade  Hogmire  Esqr  Mr  E.  Cox 

Charles  Swearingen  Esqr  Mr  Wm  Yates 

Mr  Geo :  Swingler  Mr  Wm  Beard 

Ordered  that  Thomas  Brooke  be  Clk  to  this  Committee.  The 
Committee  Proceed  to  the  Tryal  of  Cap*  S.  Hughes  and  after 
Examination  of  the  Evidences  do  Honorably  Acquit  him,  they 
not  being  able  to  make  anything  appear  against  him. 

Henry  Yost  haveing  been  Charged  with  makes  use  or  Selling 
the  Powder  allowed  him  by  this  Committee  to  Prove  his  Mus- 
ketts,  is  Honorably  Acquited,  as  he  has  fully  satisfied  the  Com- 
mittee he  is  clear  of  the  Charge. 

Ordered  that  Mr  Basil  Prather  be  recommended  by  this 
Committee  as  a  Cap*  and  Mr  Henry  Prather  as  Lieu*  to  the 
Contin1  Congress. 

The  Comittee  adjourns  to  the  3d  Monday  in  this  Month. 

The  Committee  meet  according  to  Adjournment  the  19th 
Feb1*?  1776. 


Major  Joseph  Smith  in  the  Chair 
Coll  John  Stull  Mr  Jn°  Bench 

Major  Charles  Swearingen         Cap*  Chris11  Orendoff 
Major  Andrew  Bentch  Cap*  Conrad  Hogmire 

Cap*  John  Sellers 


Cap*  Jn°  Cellers  and  Leutenn*  McGlaughlin  appointed  to  In- 
quire what  number  of  the  Country  Arms  are  in  the  hands  of 
Cap*  Isaac  Baker  and  to  know  what  Order  they  are  in. 

Ordred  that  Cap*  Samuel  Hughes  have  nine  pounds  of  Pow- 
der to  prove  one  of  the  Cannon. 

Ordered  that  Mr  Moses  Chapline  be  recommed  by  this  Com- 
mittee to  the  Continental  Congress — as  a  person  fitting  to  take 
command  of  a  Company  as  Cap*  in  the  Service  of  his  Country. 

Ordered  that  Leutennant  Coll  Smith  of  the  36th  Batalion  be 
recommended  to  the  Council  of  Safety  or  Convention  of  this 
Province  as  first  Coll  to  said  Batalion  in  place  of  Coll  Beall  who 
has  refused  his  Commission  &  Captn  Orendoifs  Leutennant 
Coll  to  said  Batalion,  and  Jn°  Keynolds  Cap*  and  George  Kiser 
first  Leut*  to  Cap*  OrendonVs  Company. 

The  Committee  Adjourns  to  the  first  Monday  in  March. 

The  Committee  meet  According  to  Adjornment  the  4th 
March  1776. 


Cap*  Conrade  Hogmire  in  the  Chair 

Coll  John  Stull  Cap*  Sam1  Hughes 

Cap*  Jn°  Sellers  Coll  Andrew  Bench 

Mr  John  Bench  Mr  George  Swingler 

Ordered  that  the  following  persons  hand  ab*  the  associations 

Thomas  Brooke,  Geo.  Dement,  John  Charlton,  Joshua 
Barnes,  Jams  Walling,  John  Bench,  John  Sellers,  David  Jones, 
John  Bennett,  Jn°  Stull,  Sam1  Hughes,  Peter  Molley,  Daniel 
Perry,  John  Reynolds. 

Order  that  the  Cap*8  of  each  hundred  take  an  Association  pa- 
per, and  Present  it  to  the  Inhabitants  of  their  hundred  for  Sign- 
ing, and  make  an  Exact  Ace*  of  those  that  sign  and  those  that 
refuse  with  their  Beasons  for  refusing. 

Conegochecque  hundred  excepted,  David  Jones,  John  Ben- 
nett, Balser  Mudy  &  Matthias  Oats  being  appointed  for  that 


Ordered  that  Coll  John  Stall,  Cap*  Samuel  Hughes  and  Coll 
Joseph  Smith  be  Judges  of  the  Election  for  the  Choice  of  Six 
members  in  place  of  Captn  Hagar  deceased,  Coll  Sam1  Beall, 
Coll  Thos  Cresap,  Mr  Jos.  Chapline,  who  refused  Mr  Cox  and 
Mr  William  Yates  who  are  taken  into  the  uper  hundred. 

Order  that  Henry  Roland  be  keep  under  a  Guard  of  six  men 
untill  sent  to  the  Councel  of  Safety  for  tryal,  but  in  case  he 
shall  sign  the  Association  Inrole  into  some  Company,  ask  par- 
don of  this  Committee  and  give  good  Security  for  his  good  be- 
havior for  the  future  to  be  released. 

Orderd  that  the  Sheriff  of  Frederick  County  Obtain  a  Gener- 
al Warr*  on  his  List  of  Publick  Leveys  and  Clergy  due  last 

The  Committee  Adjorns  to  the  3d  Monday  in  this  Month. 

The  Committee  met  on  Monday  the  18th  March 

William  Beard  in  the  Chair 
Co11  John  Stull  John  Celler 

Conrad  Hogmire  John  Rentch 

Andrew  Rentch  Michael  Fockler 

George  Swingley  William  Hisser 

The  Committe  Was  Called  the  6th  of  Ap11  1776 
Heny  Shryock  in  the  Cheir 
Coll1  Andw  Rench  Mr  J.  Rench 

Cap*  Mich1  Fockler  Cap*  Wm  Hyser 

Cap*  J.  Seller  Mr  Cn  Lentz 

Was  Bro*  before  this  Committe  Engell  and  Petter  Gansberger 
for  Speaking  onbecoming  Words  aginst  the  Association — after 
acknowledgd  their  fault  &  Signed — 

The  Committee  Adgorns  to  the  8th  of  April  1776,  nine 

The  Committee  Met  According  to  Adjournment  on  the  8th 
of  April.    Members  Present 


Coll  Beale  in  the  Chair 

Mr  Charles  Swearingen  Mr  George  Swingley 

Mr  Michel  Eockler  Mr  Christian  Lance 

Mr  Andrew  Rentch  Mr  John  Stull 

Mr  John  Cellers  Mr  Joseph  Smith 

Mr  Christian  Orandorff  Mr  Conrad  Hogmire 

Mr  William  Hizer  Mr  Joseph  Chapline 

Mr  Henry  Shryock  Mr  William  Beard 
Mr  John  Bentch 

In  Council  of  Safety  Annapolis  March  23d  1776— 

The  great  Difficulty  we  find  in  providing  Blankets  for  the 
regular  forces  raised  for  the  Defense  of  this  province  obliges  us 
to  apply  to  the  Committees  of  observation  for  the  Several  Coun- 
ties and  Districts  earnestly  requesting  that  they  would  use  there 
Endeavors  to  procure  from  the  House  keppers  in  their  respec- 
tive Counties  and  Districts  all  the  blanketts  or  rugs  that  they 
can  with  any  Convenience  spare  for  which  the  Council  will  pay 
such  prices  as  the  Commitees  shal  agree  on  as  well  as  any  Ex- 
pence,  that  may  arrise  in  Collecting  them  together  &  when  you 
have  procured  any  Quantity  you  will  send  them  to  Annapolis 
to  Coll.  Smalwood  or  in  his  absence  to  the  Commanding  officer 
on  the  Station  who  will  recieve  the  Same  &  give  orders  on  the 
Council  for  the  Payment  thereof  we  hope  that  the  friends  to 
our  Cause  in  the  County  will  Contribute  Everything  in  their 
power  to  the  Comfortable  Subsistance  of  the  Soldiery  in  this 
respect,  it  will  be  an  act  of  Great  humanity  and  render  an 
essential  Service  to  the  Publick. 

We  are  Gentn  yr  Obe*  Ser* 
f   Order  Dan  of  Sr  Thos  Jennifer  P. 

As  the  Gentlemen  appointed  to  Licence  Sutes  live  incon- 
venient to  the  place  appointed  to  do  business  its  therefore 
thought  best  to  appoint  others  in  there  place — 

Besolved  that  Coll  Joseph  Smith  Joseph  Chapline  Coll  Sam1 
Beale  Jnr  Major  Henry  Shryock  Capt  Hogmire  Capt  Eolkler 
&  Cap*  Hizer  be  a  Commite  appointed  for  that  purpose. 


In  Consequence  of  the  proceeding  Letter  from  the  honorable 
the  Council  of  Safety  of  this  province  we  have  agreeable  to 
their  request  furnished  them  with  what  Quantity  of  blankets 

&  Rugs  the  Inhabitants  of  this  District  Can  with  any  Conveni- 
ence Spare  &  a  price  Estimated  on  them  by  this  Comitee  as 
follows  Viz. 

Wm  Beard  1  Blanket  0..  17..  6 

John  Parks  1  Rugg  0..  12..  0 

Andrew  Rentch  1  Blanket  0..  12..  6 

Simon  Myre  1  D°  0..  15..  0 

Philip  Rymely  2  Coverlids  1..    5..  0 

D°  1..    5..  0 

George  Try  1  Blankett  0..    7..  6 

Eulty  Safety  1  D<>  0..    5..  0 

Jacob  Lazer  1  D°  0..  12..  6 

Joseph  Burly  1  Coverlid  1..    8..  0 

Jos  Bierly  1  blanket  0..    5..  0 

Richard  Davis  1  D°  1..    0..  0 

Coll  Tho8  Prather  1  D°  0..  18..  0 

Christian  Rhour  1  D°  0..  10..  0 

Leonard  Shryock  1  D°  0..  12..  0 

Robert  Guthry  1  Coverlid  1..  10..  0 

Christian  Miller  1  Coverlid  1..  10..  0 

Jacob  Prunk  1  Bla*  0..  14..  0 

Jacob  Rhour  1  D°  0..  12..  6 

Ellon  Miller  1  D°  0..    9..  0 

Charles  Swearingen  1  D°  1..    0..  0 

Christian  Eversoles  1  D°  0..    9..  0 

D°  1  quilt  0..  15..  0 

D°  1  Coverlid  0..  17..  6 

John  Ingram  1  Bla*  0..  15..  0 

Adam  Grimes  D°  0..  19..  0 

D°  0..  19..  0 

Wm  Douglas  1  B*  0..  18..  0 

























































22..  13..  0 


~N°  29  Mathias  'Need  1  Blan*  0..  12..  0 

N°  30  Michel  Ott  1  D°  0..    5..  0 

N°  31  John  Fege  1  D°  0..  16..  0 

N°  32  Jeremiah  Wels  1  D°  0..  10..  0 

N°  33  Joseph  Kentch  1  D°  0..  11..  0 

N°  34  Zachariah  Spires  1  D°  1..    0..  0 

N°  35  Mathias  Need  1  D°  0..  10..  0 

N°  36  Heny  Stertsman  1  D°  0..  12..  0 

N°  37  George  Swengle  1  D°  0..  16..  0 

1ST0  38  George  Hofman  1  D°  0..    7..  6 

JST°  39  Jacob  Breembaugh  1  D°  0..  18..  0 

N°  40  Jacob  D°  1  D°  0..  10..  0 

N°  41  Mich1  Miller  1  D°  0..  15..  0 

N°  42  Mich1  D°   1  D°  0..  16..  0 

1ST0  43  D°       D°       1  Do  0..  14..  0 

N°  44  D°       D°       1  D°  0..  12..  0 

N°  45  George  Hartle  1  D°  1..    8..  0 

N0  46  John  Ehora  1  D°  0..    5..  0 

No  47  D°       D°       1  D°  0..    5..  0 

]ST°  48  Crestoph  Burgard  1  D°  0..  12..  0 

E"0  49  Jacob  Good  Bugg  1  D°  1..    6..  0 

N°  50  John  Bench  1  D°  0..  12..  0 

N°  51  John  Stall  Dr  0..  14..  0 

£  14..  16..  6 

A  Copy 

Beceived  of  Conrad  Shitz  44  Blankets  for  the  use  of  this 
Province  which  was  delivered  him  by  the  Committee  of  Obser- 
vation of  Elizabeth  Town  District.  Beceived  by  me  this  12th 
day  of  April  1776. 

George  Strieker. 

Coln  John  Stall  receiv'd  the  remainder  seven  Blankets  for 
the  Use  of  the  Province. 

Coll  J.  Stull  deld  112lb  Powder  (belongs  to  the  Publick)  to 
Cap*  Burgess  in  order  to  Prove  the  Cannon  at  D  &  S.  Hughes's 
works — order'd  the  said  Quantity  remain  in  the  Possession  of 


D  &  S :  Hughes  untill  this  Committee  takes  further  order  there- 

the  Committee  adjourns  till  Saturday  2  oclock — 

the  Committee  met  according  to  adjournment.    Present 
Co11  Samuel  Beall  in  the  Chair 
Co1  Joseph  Smith  Co1  Andrew  Rentch 

Cap*  John  Keller  Mr  Christian  Lentz 

Cap*  Michael  Fockler  Mr  George  Swengle 

Cap*  William  Hisser  Mr  John  Eentch 

Co1  John  Stull  Cap*  Conrad  Hogmire 

Mj.  Henry  Scryack 

On  a  Return  being  made  to  the  Committie  that  Philip  Oster 
George  Arnold  Yost  Vyland  John  Claper  Jacob  Rorrer  would 
not  Enrol  they  were  send  for  to  appear  before  them  who 
accordingly  appeare  and  Refused  to  Enrol  where  on  they  were 
fined  and  ordered  to  Deliver  up  there  arms  and  to  pay  as  fol- 
lowed in  a  month  from  the  Date  hereof  Philip  oster  six  pounds 
George  Arnold  three  pounds  Yost  Vyland  two  pounds  John 
Claper  five  pounds  Jacob  Rorrer  ten  pounds  Common  money. 

The  Committee  orders  that  Majr  Henry  Schryack  and  Cap* 
Michael  fockler  shall  Receive  of  Mr  Daniel  Huster  what  mony 
is  in  his  hands  for  arms  and  other  Nessesarys  purchased  here 
for  Cap*  Michael  Cresaps  Company  signd  <P  order  of  the 
To  Mr  Daniel  Huster 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  29th  day  of  Ap1  1776. 

Aprill  the  29th  1776  the  Committee  met  according  to  ad- 
journment.   Present 

Col  Joseph  Smith  Christian  Lentz 

George  Swingley  William  Hyser 

Sam1  Hughs  Christian  Oriendolph 

William  Beard  John  Cellar 

John  Rench  Coln  John  Stull 

Sam1  Beall  Junr  Captn  Conrad  Hogmyer 
Maj.  Charles  Swerringin 


Sam1  Beall  Junr  chosen  Chairman  and  James  Clerk  appoint- 
ed Clerk. 

Appear' d    Major  Henry  Shryock 
Joseph  Chaplain 

Resolved  that  this  Committee  do  pay  the  Clerk  seven  shil- 
lings and  six  pence  for  each  day  that  he  shall  attend  and  that 
he  consider  himeslf  nnder  the  ties  of  Honour  not  to  disclose  or 
reveal  the  Secrets  of  the  said  Committee  the  Committee  ad- 
journs to  three  0' Clock  afternoon — 

The  Committee  met  according  to  adjournment.  On  motion 
resolv'd  that  the  several  Returns  of  non-Enrolers  and  nonasso- 
ciators  be  considered  whereon  it  appears  by  a  return  made  by 
Captn  James  Wallen  that  Henry  Newcomer,  Christian  New- 
comer, Jacob  Warner,  Jacob  Martin,  Henry  Avey,  George 
Widerman,  Henry  Hoover,  John  Hoover,  Jacob  Hoover  Senr. 
Jacob  Hoover  Junr.  Wm  Russel,  John  Avey,  Joseph  Bowman, 
Jacob  Root,  Sam1  Funk,  Henry  Funk,  Jacob  Knave,  Henry 
'Knave,  Jacob  Stover,  Adam  Shuck,  refuse  to  enroll  according 
to  the  resolves  of  the  Convention,  and  by  a  Return  made  by 
Peter  Reed  that  Henry  Funk,  Joseph  Funk,  David  Funk, 
Peter  Sady  Christian  Troxall,  Mich1  Caggy,  Jacob  Grove, 
Christian  Cogle  Christian  Swats,  Joseph  Byerly,  Adam  Coogle 
Chrisley  Coogle  Jacob  Lashier,  Morris  Deale  George  Hoover, 
John  Hoover  Jacob  Sook,  John  Wagner  Jacob  Rowland. 

And  by  a  Return  made  by  Captn  Henry  Butler  that  Jacob 
Bachelhammer,  Andrew  Readruck,  Rudolf  Brown,  John  World- 
ly Rinker,  George  Rinker,  Abraham  Houser  John  Huffer 
Yourst  Garner,  Peter  Yourdy,  and  by  a  Return  made  by  Captn 
Bazil  Williams,  that  Joseph  Avey,  Christian  Milles,  Abraham 
Miller,  Henry  Miller,  Clem  Miller,  John  Rineheart,  Samuel 
Blecher,  and  by  a  Return  made  by  Captn  Samuel  Hughes,  that 
Philip  Smith,  Christopher  Hyple,  Jacob  Good  Junr.  Christo- 
pher Good,  Abraham  Good,  Frederick  Spenhart,  Philip  Burger, 
Jacob  Shockey,  John  Housecre,  Nicholas  Housecre,  Peter  New- 
comer, Michael  Myer  John  Hoover  Junr. 


It  is  ordered  that  the  Clerk  Issue  summons  directed  to  the 
several  Captains  for  the  aforesd  Men  to  appear  before  the  Com- 
mittee of  Observation  at  Hager's  Town  on  the  7th  day  of  May 
next,  to  shew  Cause  why  they  do  not  enroll  and  associate,  agree- 
able to  the  Resolves  of  the  Convention,  and  shall  not  be  fin'd 
and  obliged  to  deliver  up  their  fire  arms  except  Pistols  to  this 

It  is  likewise  ordered  that  summons  do  Issue  as  aforesaid  for 
the  following  Persons  to  appear  on  the  day  aforesaid. 

Return' d  by  Captn  Michael  Fockler  viz.  Samuel  Mayer 
Christian  Rorer,  John  Funk,  Benjamin  Noll,  Henry  Funk 
Junr,  Samuel  Bachell  Senr,  Samuel  Bachell  Jr,  Isaac  Bachell, 
Joseph  Pencil,  Herman  Clapper. 

And  also  for  the  following  Persons  returned  by  Captn  Mar- 
tin Kershner  viz  Adam  Piper  Michael  Boovey. 

And  also  for  the  following  Persons  return'd  by  Captn  John 
Cellars  viz.  Jacob  Broombaugh  Senr.  Jacob  Broombaugh  Junr. 
John  Broombaugh,  Abraham  Gansinger,  Herman  Clapper, 
Christian  Shank,  Jacob  Coughinour,  Michael  Shank,  Abraham 
Lidy,  John  Miller  Dunkard,  Daniel  Switzer,  Martin  Bachel, 
Andrew  Postator,  Dealman  Washabagh,  John  Washabagh, 
Jacob  Hupper,  Jacob  Studebaker,  John  Bowman,  David  Mil- 
ler, John  Newswanger,  Philip  Jacob  Miller,  John  Long,  John 
Clapper,  David  Miller  son  of  Philip. 

Ordered  that  Captn  Baker  make  a  Return  of  the  Enrollment 
of  his  Company  sign'd  by  themselves. 

A  List  of  Debts  contracted  in  Hagers  Town  by  Captn  Nel- 
son's Company  for  the  Use  of  the  Continental  Service  due  to  the 
following  Persons  viz. 
N°  £       S.  D. 

1  Majr  Henry  Shryock    121..  10..  0  for  26  Rifles 

2  D°  46.  19.  6  for  Boarding  &  Dieting 

Cajp*,    Lieut9   and   26 



3  D°     1  Eifle  Gun 

4  Wm  Hyser  for  Dieting  Soldirs  in  Captn  Nel- 

son's Company 

5  Do     for     Do 

6  Fredk   Eoarer   for   sundry   necessaries   fur- 

nish'd Captn  Nelson's  Company 

7  W^  Scott  for  Sundries  furnish'd  Captn  Nel- 

son's Company 

8  Eudolph  Play  for  Soaling  1  pair  shoes 

9  Martin  Harry  for  Dieting  Captn  Nelson's 


10  Francis  Waggoner  for  3  Eifles 

11  John  Lee  for  Goods 

12  John  &  Wm  Lee  1  Eifle 

13  D°  for  Goods  furnish'd 

14  Nath1  Morgan  for  Cash 

15.  John  Eape  for  1  pair  Breeches 

16  Georg  Bond  Senr  1  Eifle 

17  Martin  Kershner  1  Eifle 

18  Thos  Long  for  Dieting  Captn  Nelson's  CompJ 

19  John  Finglesharer  for  Diet 

20  Noah  Hart  for  Doctor  Stuff 

21  Fredk  Hyskill  for  Tomhawks 
22.  John  Eagen  for  Sundries 

23  Mrs  Knox  for  Sundries 

24  John  Conn  for  Shoes  &  Leather 

25  Henry  Tootwiler  for  Sundries 

26  Sarah  Johnston  for  Sundries 

27  George  Good  for  Horse  hire 

28  Elisabeth    Blackburn    for    making    hunting 


29  Charles  Hatrick  for  Sundries 

30  Mich1  Fockler  for  Dieting  Soldiers 

31  Sam1  Young  for  Sundries 

32  Stephen  McCloskey  for  Shoes 

;       s. 
3..    5. 

5..    6. 

8..  10. 




111..    8..    0 

18..    2.. 


0..    3.. 


30..    8.. 


12..  15.. 


6..    8.. 


4..  10.. 


2..    9.. 


0..  17.. 


1..  19.. 


2..  15.. 


5..  15.. 


7..  14.. 


1..  11.. 


0..  11.. 


2..  15.. 


0..  14.. 


0..  19.. 


1..    6.. 


19..  15.. 


0..    9.. 


0..  12.. 


0..  15.. 


1..    1.. 


21..    8.. 


3..  19.. 


6..  10.. 




John  Ousten  1  Rifle  Gun 

4..  10.. 



Abraham  Teetes  1  Rifle 

5..  00.. 



Wm  Wild     D° 

5..  10.. 



Alexr  McCullam     D° 

4..  15.. 



Thos  McCullam  Do 

4..  10.. 



Leonard  Brunar     2  D° 

10..  10.. 



Sam1  Davies  1  Rifle  Gun  &  20  yds 


8..  00.. 



Thos  Macklefish  1  Riflle 

5..  15.. 



John  Scott  for  60  yds  Linnen 

4..  14.. 



John  Miller  1  Rifle  Gun 

4..  15.. 



Henry  Souer     D° 

4..  10. 



Nicholas  Hackay  for  Sundries 

2..  13.. 



Peter  Bell  for  Sundries 

16..  10.. 


534..    7.. 


The  afregoing  list  is  made  out  from  Accounts  laid  before 
us  the  Committee  for  the  Upper  District  in  Fredk  County  in 
the  Province  of  Maryland,  for  necessaries  furnished  by  sundry 
Persons  for  the  use  of  Captn  John  Nelson's  Company  in  the 
Continental  Service,  which  are  attested  &  accepted  by  him,  and 
which  we  have  Reasons  to  believe  are  justly  due,  with  the  ut- 
most deference,  by  order  of  the  Committee  I  am  Sr 

Yr  most  Obedient 
Humble  Sery* 
To  the  Honble  John  Hancock  Esqr 
President  of  the  Continental  Congress. 

On  Motion,  that  the  Committee  sit  at  Sharpsburgh,  once  in 
three  Times,  the  Committee  concurs  therewith. 

The  Committee  adjourns  untill  the  first  Tuesday  in  May. 

Tuesday  May  the  7th  1776 

The  Committee  met  according  to  adjournment. — 
Members  present. 


Coll  Sam1  Beale  in  the  Chair 

Coll  Andrew  Bench  Captn  John  Cellar 

Captn  Joseph  Chaplain  Majr  Charles  Sweringham 

Majr  Henry  Shryock  Mr  George  Swingle 

Captn  Conrad  Hogmyer  Jam8  Clark  Continued  as  Clk 

Captn  Sam1  Hughes  Coll  John  Stull 
Captn  Wm  Heyser 

On  Motion  being  made,  that  the  following  Rules  be  estab- 
lished viz.  that  every  Motion  be  made  standing,  addressed  to  the 
Chair  in  decent  Language  and  uninterrupted  while  delivering, 
no  personal  Disputes  and  Reflections  to  pass  in  Committee.  "No 
Question  to  be  put  and  voted  to,  without  on  a  Motion  being 
made  and  seconded,  the  Committee  concurs  therewith. 

The  Committee  adjourns  for  an  Hour. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 

Resolv'd  that  this  Committee  do  take  into  their  Considera- 
tion the  summons  issued  last  Committee  for  the  Appearance 
of  Sundry  Persons  before  them  this  day,  to  shew  cause  why 
they  do  not  enroll  and  associate,  and  deliver  up  their  arms,  in 
which  the  Committee  concurred,  and  proceeded  to  examine  the 
Returns  made  thereon  when  it  appear' d  the  sundry  persons  fol- 
lowing had  due  notice  accordingly,  and  were  call'd  in  Turn  and 
as  such  as  have  appear' d  have  not  or  are  not  able  to  give  any 
satisfactory  Reasons  to  this  Committee  why  they  did  not  or  do 
not  Enroll  and  associate  and  deliver  up  their  Arms,  according 
to  the  Resolve  of  the  late  Convention  in  December  last  are 
fin'd  and  proceeded  against  as  followeth. 

Then  the  Committee  adjourns  for  half  an  Hour. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 
The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  morrow,  to  meet  at  9  O'Clock 
A.  M. 




The  following  extracts  are  taken  from  an  old  Oxford  Bible 
(1728),  in  the  possession  of  Mrs.  J.  Woodley  Richardson,  of 
Harford  County,  Maryland. 

Thomas  Lane  Emory,  Senior,  was  horn  in  the  year  1751  and 
died  2  May  1828,  aged  77  years. 

Thomas  Lane  Emory,  Jr.,  was  horn  in  the  year  1789  and  died 
in  the  year  1835,  aged  46  years. 

Thomas  Lane  Emory,  Junior,  was  married  by  the  R*  Revd 
Bishop  Kemp  to  Eliza  Harwood  Grant  on  the  thirteenth  of 
June  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one  thousand  eight  hundred  and 

Eliza  Lindenberger  Emory,  first  child  of  Thomas  and  Eliza, 
was  horn  on  Friday  the  15th  of  November  1816  at  twenty  min- 
utes after  three  o'clock  A.  M. 

George  Lindenberger  [Emory],  second  child  of  Thomas  and 
Eliza,  was  born  on  Thursday  the  7th  of  December  1820  at  ten 
minutes  after  12  o'clock  P.  M. 

Isabella  Rebecca  [Emory],  second  daughter  of  Thomas  and 
Eliza,  was  born  on  Wednesday  the  22d  of  March  1822  at  fifteen 
minutes  after  twelve  o'clock  P.  M. 

Thomas  Lane  [Emory],  second  son  of  Thomas  and  Eliza, 
was  born  on  Friday  the  25th  of  November  1825  at  4  o'clock 

Daniel  Grant  [Emory],  third  son  of  Thomas  and  Eliza,  was 
born  on  Thursday  the  14th  of  February  1828  at  !/4  before  5 
o'clock  P.  M. 

Thomas  Lane  Emory  died  on  2d  May  1828,  aged  77  years. 

Mary  [Emory],  sixth  child  and  third  daughter  of  Thomas 
and  Eliza,  was  born  24th  October  1831,  about  12  o'clock  A.  M. 


Thomas  Lane  Emory  died  on  5th  February,  at  5  o'clock  in  the 
evening,  in  the  46th  year  of  his  age. 

Eliza  Harwood  Emory,  widow  of  Thomas  L.  Emory  died  on 
Tuesday  15th  of  June  1852,  at  2  o'clock  A.  M.  in  the  57th  year 
of  her  age. 

Daniel  Grant  [Emory],  third  son  of  Thomas  and  Eliza  was 
married  at  Glencoe,  Baltimore  County,  on  2nd  of  October  1855, 
by  Eev.  Dr  William  E.  Wyatt,  to  Emma  Rosalie,  daughter  of 
William  J.  Ward. 

Emma  Eosalie,  their  first  child  was  born  27  July  1856,  and 
died  18  February  1858. 

Lillian  Grant,  their  second  child  was  born  20  October  1858. 

Emma  Rosalie,  wife  of  Daniel  Grant,  died  24  October  1858. 

Thomas  Lane,  second  son  of  Thomas  L.  and  Eliza  H.  Emory, 
died  28th  of  October,  1863,  in  New  Orleans,  La. 

Eliza  Lindenberger  Emory,  eldest  child  of  Thomas  L.  and 
Eliza  H.  Emory,  died  22  November  1863. 

John  Sanderson  Price  was  married  by  Rev.  Charles  C.  Graf- 
ton at  St.  Paul's  Church,  Baltimore,  13  Oct.  1859,  to  Mary, 
third  daughter  of  Thomas  L.  and  Eliza  Harwood  Emory. 

Ezekiel  Forman  was  married  24  January  1756  to  Augustene 

Capt.  John  Emory,  Jun.,  died  11th  of  January  1761,  aged 
six[ty]  and  three  years,  and  was  buried  14th  of  same  month — 
the  text  of  his  funeral  sermon  was  taken  out  of  the  112th 
Psalm,  7th  verse. 

Daniel  Grant  died  29th  of  June  1816,  in  the  83rd  year  of 
his  age. 



(Continued  from  Vol.  XII,  p.  41.) 

April  10th  1764.  [109] 
The  4th  Ins*  I  Reced  yrs  of  the  27th  of  last  Janry  yrs  of  Octo: 
11th  Nov1"  12th  Decr  8th  1763  I  answered  by  mine  of  JanrF  9th 
10th  &  16th  Feb1-?  27th  &  28th  1764:  I  beg  yon  will  always  ack- 
nowledge the  Receit  of  my  letters  by  mentioning  their  Dates. 
I  wonder  in  particular  yon  take  no  notice  of  mine  of  the  8th  of 
last  Jnly  relating  to  the  Arcadians  &  of  Sept:  24th  relating  to 
Mr  Reresby,  yon  have  too  good  a  heart  not  to  have  done  w*  was 
incumbent  on  yon  as  to  both,  I  must  therefore  attribute  yr 
silence  to  forgetfulness.  As  to  yrs  of  the  27th  of  last  JanT,  Mr 
Bakers  letter  to  you  speaks  him  to  be  a  man  of  sense  &  Honr : 
I  would  not  have  you  insist  on  a  larger  sum  in  hand  with  the 
Lady  than  it  may  be  convenient  to  him  to  lay  down  as  he  is  will- 
ing to  pay  Inter*  for  the  fortune  he  may  agree  to  give  his 
Daughter  until  he  can  pay  the  principal  &  as  he  more  over 
promises  at  his  Death  to  make  his  Daughter  share  equally  his 
Estate  real  &  personal  with  his  sons.  I  approve  the  general 
Terms  given  to  Mr  Baker,  but  take  care  th*  by  the  Settlem*  you 
do  not  give  a  certainty  for  an  uncertainty,  th*  is,  th*  Settlemen* 
be  not  binding  but  in  proportion  to  the  Sum  you  may  now  or 
hereafter  receive  with  the  Lady  &  th*  a  proper  distinction  be 
made  in  the  Settlemen*  between  the  Jointure  to  be  made  for  the 
sum  paid  in  hand  or  the  Inter*  to  be  paid  you  annually  on  such 
Sum  &  the  Jointure  to  be  made  on  w*  may  fall  to  you  at  Mr 
Baker's  Death  th*  difference  being  very  obvious.  In  this  you 
will  make  similar  Cases  the  Rule  to  direct  you.  Considering 
the  Low  Inter*  on  our  Funds  I  think  6  $  C*  an  ample  settlem* : 
especially  if  you  shd  have  Issue  by  the  Lady  for  I  think  a  mother 
shd  as  well  as  a  Father  contribute  to  the  Establishm*  of  her 
Children.  But  if  Mr  Baker  shd  insist  on  8  $  C*  to  make  you 
happy  I  consent  to  it.    In  mine  of  the  9th  of  Janry  1764  I  told 


you  I  was  willing  if  the  Lady's  fortune  could  demand  it  to  make 
my  whole  fortune  Liable  to  the  settlem*  &  jointure.  This  I  con- 
firm &  I  leave  it  entirely  to  you  to  act  what  is  reasonable  accord- 
ing to  the  Advice  of  yr  friends.  I  proposed  upon  your  coming 
to  Maryland  to  convey  to  you  my  mannor  of  Carrollton  10000a 
&  the  Addition  thereto  called  Addition  to  Carrollton  2700a  now 
producing  annually  £250  SterS  &  greatly  improving  as  not  nigh 
half  of  the  12700a  is  let,  &  wt  is  let,  is  let  to  Tenants  at  will  & 
my  share  of  the  Iron  Works  producing  at  least  Annually  £400 
SterS.  If  this  shd  not  be  deemed  a  sufficient  settlem*  &  Gift  to 
you  &  Security  for  the  Lady's  Jointure  I  am  willing  to  add  on 
my  Death  my  mannor  of  Doohoregan  10000a  &  1425a  called 
Chance  adjacent  thereto,  on  wcl1  seats  the  Bulk  of  my  Negroes 
are  settled. 

If  you  shd  marry  Miss  Baker  &  not  have  Issue  Male  by  her  I 
think  it  would  not  be  prudent  to  engage  yr  Bteal  Estate  to  Daugh- 
ters as  out  of  yr  personal  Estate  you  may  make  a  Settlem*  on  yr 
Daughters  proportioned  to  their  mothers  fortune.     In  case  you 
shd  survive  Miss  Baker  you  will  take  care,  not  so  to  engage  as  to 
lay  yrself  under  unreasonable   Covenants    detrimental   to  yr 
future  ease  &  happiness.     As  I  have  said  upon  yr  return  to 
Maryland  I  will  give  you  my  Mannor  of  Carrollton  &  the  Addi- 
tion thereto  &  my  share  of  the  works  I  will  also  settle  on  you 
my  Mannor  of  Doohoregan  &  Chance  &  the  slaves  thereon  on  my 
Death.    As  you  are  my  only  Child  you  will  of  Course  have  all 
the  Residue  of  my  Estate  on  my  Death.    In  short  to  obviate  as 
much  as  it  is  in  my  power  every  objection  &  to  hasten  the  Match 
&  yr  return  to  me  wcl1  I  hope  may  be  in  the  next  fall,  I  hereby 
bind  myself  to  confirm  by  any  Articles  wch  may  be  sent  me  w* 
I  have  engaged  to  do  by  this  &  my  letter  of  the  9th  of  last  Janry, 
&  I  desire  this  &  yr  Letter  may  be  Lodged  with  Mr  Baker  or  Mr 
Tuite  as  a  security  for  my  so  doing.    If  anything  more  shd  be 
required  from  us  wcl1  you  &  those  you  may  consult  may  think 
reasonable  to  be  done,  I  leave  you  at  liberty  to  engage  to  do  it, 
&  I  think  Mr  Baker  may  confide  in  any  Engagement  you  will 
enter  into  as  my  whole  Estate  will  fall  to  you  at  my  Death. 
I  much  approve  the  Compa :  you  keep.    I  shall  endeavour  to 


oblige  Mr  Hussey  with  a  Buck,  but  I  cannot  absolutely  promise 
it,  as  I  could  not  in  the  last  Season  procure  for  myself  more 
than  two  fine  Haunches.  I  have  presented  yr  Compts  as  desired. 
I  am  well,  but  yr  Complaints  give  me  pain.  I  hope  they  in  a 
great  measure  proceed  from  the  Anxiety  yr  passion  for  Miss 
Baker  gives  you.  I  wish  a  happy  Issue  to  it  &  th*  yr  health  may 
be  perfect  &  th*  God  will  bless  you  in  everything  wcl1  may  con- 
tribute to  yr  Temporal  &  Eternal  wellfare.  I  am  My  Dr 
Charley  Yr  Mo :  Affte  Father. 

19  April  1764.     [110] 
Dr  Papa 

In  my  last  by  Kelly  I  acknowledged  the  receipt  of  yr  letter 
of  the  9  JanrF.  I  wrote  to  Mr  Baker  upon  the  occasion  &  sent 
him  enclosed  a  copy  of  yr  letter  what  follows  was  the  substance 
of  mine  to  that  gentleman. 

That  as  I  had  received  yr  consent  to  pay  my  addresses  to  his 
daughter,  there  now  remained  only  two  things  to  be  settled :  the 
marriage  settlement  &  the  young  ladys  going  to  America,  which 
if  she  refused,  or  her  Parents  should  have  an  objection  to,  I  then 
must  lay  aside  all  thoughts  of  the  match:  that  if  Mrs  Baker 
could  not  bare  the  thoughts  of  parting  with  her  daughter,  &  was 
determined  not  to  part  with  her,  it  would  be  improper  to  intro- 
duce me  to  the  young  lady,  since  it  would  be  impossible,  con- 
trary to  her  mother's  will  to  persuade  Miss  Baker  to  accompany 
me  to  America :  that  tho'  it  were  possible  I  should  not  chuse  to 
persue  my  own  happiness  in  opposition  to  a  Parents  will,  nor 
wish  to  succeed  if  my  success  should  make  that  Parent  retched 
&  unhappy. 

Mr  Baker  returned  no  answer  to  my  letter  as  he  was  upon  the 
point  of  coming  to  town  when  he  received  it.  Upon  his  arrival 
I  waited  on  him  to  know  his  determination.  He  advised  me  to 
return  as  soon  as  possible  to  Maryland,  since  you  seemed  so 
desirous  of  my  returning  as  it  was  very  natural  you  should :  his 
daughter,  he  said,  would  be  over  in  May  or  June:  that  if  I 
thought  proper,  I  might  see  her,  and  if  upon  a  further  acquaint- 
ance, we  should  like  each  other,  I  might  return  3  or  4  years 
hence  (for  that  would  be  time  enough)  &  marry  his  daughter: 


he  mentioned  not  one  word  about  the  settlem*,  but  I  know  he 
thinks  it  insufficient,  and  indeed  so  does  a  lawyer  of  my  ac- 
quaintance with  whom  I  talked  upon  that  subject. 

But  had  Baker  had  no  other  objection  to  the  match  but  the 
quantum  of  the  settl*  to  be  made  on  his  daughter,  he  would  have 
had  some  conversation  with  me  on  that  head :  but  I  could  plainly 
see,  by  the  above  speech  &  by  his  manner,  that  he  was  not  very 
desirous  of  its  taking  place:  and  I  am  sure  I  am  not,  upon  the 
condition  of  returning  three  or  4  years  hence  to  Europe  on  a 
wild  goose  chase.  What  certainty  is  there  that  the  lady  will 
remain  for  4  years  of  the  same  opinion  or  rather  how  probable 
is  it  she  will  not  ?  I  do  not  care  to  entangle  myself  in  any  such 
engagement:  in  short  I  have  dropt  all  thoughts  of  Miss  Baker, 
whom  I  wish  extremely  well  to  &  married  to  a  man  worthy 
of  her. 

I  hope  to  be  with  you  about  the  latter  end  of  Septr.  I  do  not 
chuse  to  arrive  sooner  in  Maryland  on  account  of  the  heats :  the 
remainder  of  my  time  here  I  shall  spend  in  perfecting  myself 
in  the  practical  part  of  surveying  &  making  necessary  prepara- 
tions for  my  voyage.  I  have  sent  you  over  the  American  Act, 
and  a  Pamphlet  entitled  consideration  on  the  penal  laws  against 
Bom:  Catholicks:  I  sent  by  Mr  Lee  Wards  medicines  &  gave 
him  the  instructions  in  writing  for  taking  those  medicines:  I 
have  been  indisposed  all  this  last  week  with  a  cold  attended  with 
a  fever  &  cough :  my  feaver  is  entirely  gone  off,  there  remains  a 
little  cough :  these  colds  are  very  rife  at  present :  had  it  not  been 
for  this  indisposition  I  should  have  finished  the  journal  of  my 
last  Tour :  as  I  only  took  short  notes  of  things  as  I  went  along 
to  refresh  my  memory  it  requires  time  to  enlarge  them  &  to  dis- 
pose them  in  such  order  as  may  give  some  little  entertainment 
in  the  reading :  If  I  cannot  finish  the  Journal  time  enough  to 
send  it  by  Hanson,  I  shall  send  it  by  some  other  ship  or  bring  it 
in  with  me.  Pray  present  my  compliments  to  my  cousin  Bach : 
Darnall  &  her  daughter,  to  Mr  John  Darnall  &  Sons  &  to  Bich : 
Croxall.    I  am  dear  Father 

Yr  most  loving  Son 

Ch:  Carroll. 


P.  S.  this  letter  was  ready  to  go  by  Hanson :  but  Mr  Perkins 
gave  me  no  notice  of  his  sailing :  he  told  me  indeed  a  week  before 
Hanson  sailed,  that  he  imagined  he  would  sail  in  about  a  fort- 
nights time :  how  easy  was  it  for  Mr  Perkins  to  have  sent  me 
word  by  a  penny  post  letter  or  by  his  Servant  that  his  ship  was 
ready  to  sail  %  the  only  excuse  for  his  neglelct  is  that  he  imagined 
as  I  had  wrote  so  lately  by  Kelty  I  had  no  letters  or  parcels  to 
send :  I  am  not  certain  how  this  letter  will  go :  perhaps  by  the 
New  York  packet.  Mr  Buchanan  tells  there  is  a  ship  going  in  a 
fortnight :  I  shall  send  by  the  cap*  of  that  ship ;  the  Pamphlets, 
newspapers,  &  magazines ;  &  my  accounts. 

1  May  1764.  [Ill] 
Dr  Papa 

I  wrote  to  you  the  19  of  last  month  and  in  that  letter  informed 
you  of  my  having  laid  aside  all  thoughts  of  Miss  Baker :  as  that 
letter  may  miscarry  I  shall  here  give  you  the  substance  of  it. 

When  I  communicated  yr  letter  to  Mr  Baker,  wether  dissatis- 
fied with  the  settlement  you  proposed  to  make  or  unwilling  to 
part  with  his  daughter,  he  advised  me  to  return  as  soon  as  possi- 
ble: he  added,  to  soften,  I  suppose  this  piece  of  advice,  that  if 
upon  a  further  acquaintance  I  continued  to  like  his  daughter, 
&  she  me,  that  I  might  return  to  England  4  or  5  years  hence : 

By  this  you  plainly  see  Mr  Baker  is  averse  to  the  match :  is 
it  probable  that  a  young  lady  will  retain  her  affection  4  years 
for  a  gentleman  with  whom  she  can  be  but  slightly  acquainted, 
&  from  whom  she  will  be  separated  by  the  Atlantick  ?  besides  it 
would  be  imprudent  in  me  to  enter  into  any  such  engagement : 
I  may  meet  with  some  young  lady  in  Maryland  whom  I  may 
like,  &  in  that  case  I  should  chuse  to  settle  without  loss  of  time : 
the  sooner,  the  better,  for  then  I  might  live  to  bring  up  my  chil- 
dren: if  I  stay  till  I  attain  the  age  of  36,  the  chances  of  my 
living  so  long,  are  against  me  as  I  am  of  a  thin  &  puny  habit 
of  body. 

6  <$  C*  is  too  slender  a  settlement :  A  Lawyer  of  my  acquaint- 
ance told  me  it  was  common  to  settle  upon  the  wife  at  the  rate 


of  8  <P  C*  &  sometimes  10:  this  holds  where  the  wife  brings 
with  her  no  very  considerable  fortune :  but  when  he?  fortune  is 
large,  it  is  then  usual  to  settle  part  of  her  own  fortune  upon  her. 

I  hope,  Deo  juvante,  to  be  with  you  about  the  latter  end  of 
Septbr.  I  am  willing  to  perfect  myself  in  the  practical  part 
of  surveying  before  my  departure:  besides,  I  am  apprehensive 
of  the  summer  heats  &  am  desirous  of  avoiding  them  in  com- 
ing in:  I  shall  be  gradually  prepared  for  the  heat  of  the  sum- 
mer following. 

I  cannot  get  my  Journal  finished  to  send  it  by  this  oportuni- 
ty:  I  have  wrote  out  my  Accots  but  find  such  a  deficiency  or 
rather  difference  between  my  expenses  &  receipts  that  I  am 
ashamed  to  send  them.  I  cannot  otherwise  account  for  this 
great  deficiency  which  which  amounts  to  near  £60  but  by  my 
negligence,  only  my  forgetting  to  set  down  regularly  my  ex- 
penses :  however  the  main  articles  of  expense  are  all  set  down : 
I  shall  bring  them  in  with  me,  as  also  the  aco*  of  what  I  spent 
in  my  late  tour  thro'  Holland  &  France. 

I  sent  you  by  Mr  Lee  Wards  medicines  &  the  directions  for 
taking  of  them:  but  as  Mr  Lee  may  have  lost  these  directions, 
I  shall  here  insert  a  copy  of  them: 

for  the  fistula  paste 
Take  the  bigness  of  a  nutmeg  night  &  morning  and  two  tea 
spoonfuls  of  sweet  oil  immediately  after,  no  visible  operation, 
to  live  as  usual. 

The  dropsy  powders;  one  to  be  taken,  every  two  days;  such 
as  have  not  taken  them  before,  are  to  begin  with  half  a  powder 
to  be  taken  in  a  little  mountain,  after  every  operation  drink 
a  little  broth  or  water  gruel,  the  less  they  drink  the  better. 

this  accompanys  the  magazines,  newspapers,  the  American 
Act,  &  the  considerations  on  the  penal  laws  against  the  Ro: 
Cath:  I  desire  my  compliments  to  Mrs.  Darnall,  Mr  Darnall 
&  Sons,  Rich:  Croxall,  &  Harry  Carroll.         I  am  Dr  Papa 

Yr  most  affectionate  loving  Son 
Ch:  Carroll 


May  30,  1764     [112] 
Dr  Papa 

This  goes  by  Capt.  Lewis  I  had  some  thoughts  of  sailing 
with  him,  but  could  not  get  ready  for  the  time  of  his  depar- 
ture ;  and  indeed  if  I  could  have  been  ready,  I  should  not  have 
chose  to  have  sailed  so  soon,  as  I  should  then  have  got  in  the 
very  midst  of  the  hottest  weather. 

I  have  not  as  yet  been  able  to  go  out  into  the  fields  to  learn 
the  practice  of  surveying:  Mr  Bateman  the  Surveyor,  whom 
Mr  Conley  has  recommended  to  me  as  the  properest  person  for 
my  purpose,  has  been  these  5  weeks  past  down  in  Surry:  sev- 
eral letters  have  been  sent  to  him  and  as  no  answers  have  been 
received,  we  imagine  the  letters  have  never  been  delivered:  to 
morrow  I  shall  set  out  myself  in  quest  of  him,  and  if  I  have  the 
good  luck  to  meet  with  him,  I  shall  fix  the  time  for  his  attend- 
ing me.  the  usual  &  settled  price  is  half  a  guinea  a  day  and 
Mr  Bateman  is  to  find  men  to  carry  the  staffs  &  chain  &  bear 
their  expenses:  Mr  Conley  thinks  Bateman  much  preferable  to 
any  other,  as  he  has  an  easy  &  clear  manner  of  expressing  him- 
self &  communicating  his  ideas,  and  will  take  pains  to  make  the 
young  Practioner  well  acquainted  with  the  business. 

Before  this  comes  to  hand,  you  will  have  learnt  by  mine  of 
the  19  April  the  issue  of  the  intended  match  tis  entirely  broke 
off,  the  mother  could  not  bear  to  part  with  her  daughter :  I  can 
not  say  my  disappointment  gives  me  any  great  uneasiness;  I 
might  perhaps  have  liked  the  young  lady  in  time  &  upon  a 
farther  acquaintance,  but  I  knew  too  little  of  her  to  be  in  love. 

If  I  can  get  a  ship  about  5  weeks  hence  bound  to  Maryland, 
I  shall  certainly  take  my  passage  in  her.  I  believe  Mr  Buchan- 
an will  bear  me  company.  Should  there  be  no  vessel  ready  to 
sail  about  that  time  I  may  perhaps  sail  in  the  New  York  packet 
notwithstanding  the  inconveniences  of  such  a  round  'about 
Voyage,  for  I  am  determined,  if  possible  to  be  at  Annapolis 
in  Septr.  this  may  be  my  last  letter  to  you  from  London; 
wishing  you  yr  health  and  an  happy  meeting  I  am  Dr  Papa 
Yr  most  affectionate  &  dutiful  son 

Ch:  Carroll 


p.  s. 

Cap*  Lewis  has  got  a  little 
packet  for  you  containing  my  Journal 

and  the  newspapers:  Cap*  Lewis  has  been  very  civil  to  me,  I 
desire  you  will  return  his  civilities  &  if  convenient  invite  him 
to  dine  with  you: 

26  July  1764     [113] 
Dr  Papa 

I  have  at  last  pitched  upon  a  ship :  she  is  called  the  Randolph 
Capt.  Walker  &  sails  for  James  River  in  Virginia:  the  Cap* 
is  not  certain  as  to  the  time  of  his  sailing  but  imagines  it  will 
be  about  the  middle  of  September  at  farthest. 

I  shall  leave  behind  me  all  my  heavy  Bagga  to  be  shiped  on 
board  of  Hanson  and  only  take  with  me  my  Cloaths : 

I  am  much  obliged  to  you  for  letting  me  settle  at  the  rate  of 
8  <P  C*.  But  that  affair  is  entirely  broken  off  nor  do  I  chuse 
to  renew  it,  tho'  I  had  some  time  ago  a  very  fair  opening:  but 
the  young  lady  has  been  bread  up  with  very  high  notions  not 
at  all  answerable  to  her  fortune,  a  domestick  wife  not  so  fond 
of  show  and  parade,  who  is  not  above  the  business  of  her  family, 
will  best  suit  me:  the  mother  is  a  vain  empty  woman,  who 
knows  but  the  daughter  may  take  after  her*  I  do  not  chuse 
to  run  the  risk. 

I  sent  the  letters  &  papers  concerning  the  neutrals  to  the 
Coffee  house  as  directed :  but  as  the  Duke  of  Nivernoro  had  left 
London  sometime  before  they  came  to  hand  and  as  most  of  the 
differences  between  the  two  Courts  were  then  compromised  & 
settled,  I  imagin  all  application  from  the  poor  neutrals  will 
meet  with  little  or  no  success. 

I  shall  call  upon  Mr  Sitwell  before  my  departure  &  press 
him  to  do  something  for  Mr  Reresby.  Since  my  last  I  have 
been  down  in  Sussex  with  a  Surveyor  to  Survey  lands.  I  have 
surveyed  about  150  acres  of  which  I  kept  a  field  book  &  have 
since  protracted  my  work  on  Paper  I  think  I  understand  the 
theory  perfectly  well,  &  a  little  more  practice  will  make  me 
quite  master  of  the  business.  I  shall  go  out  once  more  into  the 
the  field  with  the  Surveyor. 


Mr  Crookshanks  has  been  in  town  some  time  past:  he  was 
under  a  necessity  of  leaving  Paris  when  the  last  oath  was  ten- 
dered to  all  Jesuites  under  the  Jurisdiction  of  the  Prosecut- 
ing Parliats.  all  those  who  refused  to  take  the  oath  were  com- 
pelled to  leave  the  kingdom :  the  oath  was  of  such  a  nature  that 
one  only  excepted,  thought  he  could  reconcile  it  to  his  con- 
science: however  all  men  thought  it  incompatible  with  his 
honour  &  dispise  him  for  his  servile  compliance :  he  was  a  man 
of  some  eminence  &  had  a  large  &  extensive  acquaintance  with 
the  greatest  families  in  Paris,  who  have  since  looked  so  very 
cooly  on  him  as  to  discountenance  his  coming  to  their  houses. 

Pompadours  death  it  was  imagined  would  occasion  an  altera- 
tion of  measures :  but  the  same  measures  are  persued  &  the  same 
men  govern. 

Mr  Crookshanks  does  me  the  pleasure  to  dine  with  me  now 
and  then :  he  always  enquires  after  you  &  expresses  a  great  re- 
gard for  you,  &  I  am  convinced  he  is  sincere  in  his  expressions 
of  esteem  &  friendship :  the  arrets  were  not  published  when  he 
left  France  nor  are  they  yet.  I  sent  you  some  time  ago  the 
most  curious  Pamplets  in  vindication  of  the  Jesuites  which  I 
hope  you  have  long  since  received. 

As  to  political  news  during  the  recess  of  Parliament  you  can- 
not expect  much:  the  minority  still  dine  in  Allbemarle  Street: 
I  hear  some  complaints  about  their  expensive  dinners,  but  the 
deliberations  of  the  Senate  do  not  transpire.  I  am  of  opinion 
they  will  oust  the  present  ministry  dispised  and  hated  as  it 
is  by  the  greatest  part  of  the  nation:  it  requires  great  abili- 
ties in  the  minister,  if  unpopular,  to  stand  his  ground  long  in 
such  a  country  as  this. 

I  have  nothing  more  to  add  at  present  but  my  compliments 
to  my  friends  whom  I  soon  hope  to  enjoy:  this  will  be  my  last 
from  London  should  nothing  particular  occur  in  the  interim: 
wishing  that  I  may  find  you  in  perfect  health  I  am  Dr  Papa 

Yr  affectionate  &  dutifull 
Son     Ch:  Carroll 


Hampton  8  Decern1*  1764     [114] 
Dr  Papa 

I  arrived  this  day  at  this  place  in  good  health  after  a  tedious 
&  stormy  passage  of  a  11  weeks.  We  left  Gravesend  the  19 
Septr  &  had  the  greatest  prospect  of  making  a  short  passage 
till  we  got  to  Bermudas  about  the  latter  end  of  Oct1-.  We  were 
driven  back  hj  strong  north  west  winds  &  tossed  about  the 
whole  month  of  Novemr  in  so  much  we  scarce  made  100  leagues 
in  our  way  in  30  days. 

I  have  brought  all  my  bag6  with  me5  which  is  pretty  con- 
siderable: One  Mr  Campbell  a  store  keeper  has  also  a  cargo 
aboard :  I  shall  take  the  oportunity  of  shiping  my  bage  on  board 
the  vessel  that  is  to  carry  his  goods:  we  intend  going  up  the 
bay  in  her  ourselves:  it  will  require  sometime  to  unship,  dis- 
charge the  duties,  &  reship  the  goods  when  we  have  hired  a 
vessel :  it  will  be  I  am  afraid,  near  the  end  of  the  month  before 
I  shall  have  the  satisfaction  &  joy  of  embracing  you.  A  Serv- 
ant is  just  now  going  off  to  York  &  waits  for  this  letter  which 
is  the  reason  for  its  shortness.  I  am  Dr  Papa 
Yr  affectionate  &  dutiful  Son 

Ch.  Carroll 
P.  S.     I  shall  go  to  Norfolk  to-morrow 
or  the  day  following. 

Dr  Papa  [115] 

Mr  Hinson  is  just  going  up  the  Bay  I  take  this  oportunity 
to  inform  you  I  am  well  and  shall  sail  from  this  place  to- 
morrow or  the  day  following  if  the  wind  permits ;  I  arrived  at 
Hampton  The  9  instant  &  wrote  to  you  immediately  at  my 
landing.  We  had  a  long  passage  of  11  weeks.  I  have  been  de- 
tained here  by  waiting  for  a  vessel  to  take  two  or  3  cargoes  to 
Annapolis  &  other  places  up  the  bay.  I  thought  it  a  good  opor- 
tunity to  convey  my  baga  home.  Mr  Hinson  is  upon  the  point 
of  sailing  I  hope  to  be  with  you  next  thursday  at  farthest. 
I  am 

Yr  affectionate  Son 
Norfolk  20  Decern*"-  1764  Ch:  Carroll 


10  Janry  1765     [1: 
Dr  Papa 

I  sailed  from  old  point  comfort  the  26  of  last  month  in 
evening :  before  day  we  were  opposite  to  the  month  of  Potom 
&  were  driven  back  by  a  strong  north  west  wind  as  far  as 
sonther  most  of  the  Tangier  Islands,  which  with  difficulty 
weathered  &  came  to  an  anchor  that  night  between  those  isla: 
&  the  eastern  shore:  the  wind  abating  came  to  the  south 
next  morning  &  we  proceeded  up  the  sound  with  an  intent 
passing  thro'  Hooper's  or  Cages  streights:  a  Pilot  we  took 
board  undertook  to  conduct  us  thro  the  latter  but  being  ui 
quainted  with  the  chanel  he  ran  us  aground  by  which  unlu 
accident  we  lost  nearly  24  hours  of  fair  wind  &  I  have  b 
deprived  the  satisfaction  of  being  long  since  with  you :  the  r 
day,  there  being  a  high  tide  the  vessel  was  got  off  but  the  w 
shifting  to  the  north  west  we  were  detained  3  or  4  days  in  tt 
streights :  at  length  we  extricated  ourselves  &  anchored  last  J 
day  morning  off  point  lookout  at  the  mouth  of  the  Potowma 
that  evening  we  got  underway:  at  12  at  night  it  began  to  si 
but  the  wind  continued  favourable :  about  4  Saturday  af tern 
the  weather  cleared  up  &  we  found  ourselves  not  far  from  P 
lar  Island:  the  wind  began  to  head  us  &  we  were  obliged 
run  in  between  Kent  &  Poplar  Islands  where  the  vessel  « 
remains  &  is  likely  to  remain  as  long  as  the  frost  continues, 
landed  with  some  difficulty  last  Monday,  on  Kent  Island  &  r 
to  Mr  Sadlers  where  I  was  very  hospitably  entertained: 
arrived  yesterday  at  Mr  Brownes  where  I  now  am,  &  have  ] 
with  the  most  friendly  reception:  I  shall  go  over  to  Mr  H 
to  day,  who  has  pressed  me  to  make  his  home  my  home  whil 
continue  on  the  eastern  shore  I  was  determined  to  go  round 
bay:  but  Mr  Browne  &  Mr  Hall  have  persuaded  me  to  d 
that  scheme  as  attended  with  a  good  deal  of  danger  &  as  tt 
is  a  probability  of  my  getting  to  Annapolis  sooner  by  wait 
for  a  thaw.  Mr  Hall  has  hired  a  man  to  convey  this  lettei 
thought  this  absolutely  necessary  as  you  must  be  under  gi 
apprehensions  on  my  account  if  you  have  received  my  lei 


by  Hinson  who  sailed  from  Norfolk  2  days  before  I  left  it:  I 
am  in  very  good  health  but  vexed  at  my  being  detained  so  long 
from  you  &  under  great  uneasiness  from  the  anxiety  I  am  sen- 
sible you  must  feel  for  my  safety:  Pray  remember  me  to  my 
Cousin  Each :  Darnall  &  all  my  friends     I  am  Dr  Papa 

Yr  most  affectionate  Son 

Ch:  Carroll 

I  take  this  opportunity  by  Mr  Tylghman  to  inform  you  I  am 
well  but  out  of  all  patience  with  the  weather:  I  see  no  pros- 
pect of  the  frost  breaking  up  and  am  very  apprehensive  I  shall 
be  detained  a  month  longer  on  this  side  the  Bay:  the  eastern 
shore  gentlemen  have  been  very  kind,  I  have  been  kept  in  con- 
tinual exercise  ever  since  my  arrival  in  repaying  visits:  I  have 
visited  Colonel  Tylghman  Mrs  Blake  at  Wye,  &  have  had  an 
invitation  from  Colonel  Loyd:  he  wrote  me  a  very  polite  letter 
by  his  eldest  son,  but  there  being  then  a  prospect  of  a  thaw ;  the 
bad  weather  setting  in  since  I  have  not  as  yet  waited  on  the 
Colonel  &  am  doubtful  wether  I  shall  or  not  as  his  house  is  at 
a  considerable  distance.  I  have  no  cloaths  fit  to  appear  in 
by  me. 

Mr  Edward  Tylghman  has  sent  me  an  invitation  to  come  & 
see  him:  Mr  Bichard  Tylgman,  the  colonel's  son  &  Mr  Cook 
will  attend  me  to  his  house.  The  Messenger  returned  here  last 
Sunday  night,  he  saw  a  man  drowned  in  crossing  Susquehanna : 
he  had  a  pistole  a  day  by  agreement.  I  thought  it  better  to  pay 
the  hire  high  as  it  was,  than  let  you  continue  under  the  uneasi- 
ness and  doubt  of  my  being  safe. 

The  vessel  I  came  up  the  Bay  in,  lays  within  Kent  point  all 
my  books,  cloaths,  &  other  baggage  are  in  her.  Pray  give  my 
compliments  to  all  friends:  Mr  and  Mrs.  Hall  desire  me  to 
present  you  with  theirs.  I  am  Dr  Papa 

Yr  Affectionate  Son 

Ch:  Carroll 

25  Jan^,  1765. 


[The  Maryland  Gazette  of  Thursday  February  14,  1765, 
has  this  notice;  "Tuesday  last  arrived  at  his  Father's  House 
in  Town,  Charles  Carroll  Jun'r,  Esq.  (lately  from  London  by 
way  of  Virginia)  after  about  sixteen  years  of  absence  from  his 
Native  Country  at  his  Studies  and  on  his  Travels."] 


23  Decr  1768  [120] 

The  Friendship  you  bear  my  Son  (wch  is  Manifested  by  yr 
Eemembrance  of  &  Correspondence  with  him)  leaves  me  no 
roome  to  doubt  a  letter  from  me  may  be  acceptable  to  you, 
Especially  as  it  will  informe  you  that  His  Marriage  was  entierly 
to  my  Satisfaction  &  that  I  think  He  has  a  well  grounded  pros- 
pect of  as  much  Happyness  as  Can  be  Hoped  for  in  a  Conubiall 
State.  My  Daughter  in  Law  is  very  agreable,  she  has  a  great 
share  of  good  sense,  a  solid  Judgement,  she  is  strictly  virtuous 
&  perfectly  good  natured.  I  speak  not  what  it  may  be  thought 
I  fondly  wish  my  Character  of  Her  is  founded  on  a  long  &  in- 
timate Acquaintance:  She  has  lived  with  me  since  she  was  12 
years  old  &  in  the  Course  of  more  than  Seven  years  I  have  not 
had  reason  to  Chide  Her.  Dissimulation  is  not  very  Common 
in  youth,  few  at  least  at  nineteen  years  are  perfect  in  it.  Have 
I  not  then  Eeason  again  to  tell  you  I  think  my  Son  will  be 
Extreamly  Happy  with  His  Lady.  You  must  also  know  she 
was  entirely  His  owne  Choice,  He  had  not  the  most  distant  Hint 
from  me  th*  Miss  Darnall  would  make  a  good  wife.  They  Can- 
not want,  If  they  are  tollarable  economists,  for  I  have  put  my 
son  in  Possession  of  at  least  £1000  Ster:  pr  Anm:  He  keeps 
my  Books  &  takes  what  money  He  Pleases  He  lives  in  my  House 
at  Annapolis  I  am  Eetired  to  a  very  Pleasant  Healthy  Seat  in 
the  Country  where  I  employ  myself  in  Farming,  Planting, 
Meadow  Making  &c  Amusements  very  agreable  to  me,  &  when 


I  want  money  I  call  on  my  son  to  supply  me.  You  know  my 
Son,  I  therefore  shall  say  no  more  of  him  than  that  I  am  Happy 
in  Him  &  that  He  seems  to  be  getting  the  better  of  a  Puny  Con- 
stitution. In  one  of  yrs  to  him  I  think  you  advise  him  not 
to  Hoard,  I  think  !He  should  live  so  as  to  make  a  decent  pro- 
vision for  younger  Children  &  to  leave  the  Estate  to  His  Eldest 
son  as  Entier  &  in  as  good  Plight  as  I  shall  leave  it  to  him, 
for  altho  I  see  a  large  &  independent  Fortune  will  not  make  the 
Possessor  if  of  a  mean  &  Servile  temper  independent,  yet  it  must 
make  him  inexcusable  if  He  be  not  so.  There  is  a  great  deal 
of  Private  &  Family  Affairs,  But  I  flatter  myself  they  will  in 
some  measure  be  interesting  to  you  on  my  Sons  Account. 

As  I  have  taken  the  freedom  to  write  to  you,  I  must  say  some- 
thing of  Poor  America,  or  rather  of  Poor  England,  for  I  am 
persuaded  if  she  persues  the  Steps  she  Has  taken  she  will  Have 
Abundant  Cause  to  Eue  Her  folly. 

By  Considerations  the  Farmers  Letters  &c  you  must  see  wee 
know  our  Bights  &  that  we  want  not  Peers  to  Assert  them  & 
to  Alarm  us  when  they  are  Attacked. 

The  Stamp  Act  was  A  Bash  &  Inconsiderate  measure  and 
very  prudently  dropt.  But  the  Act  past  at  the  same  time 
declaring  .  .  .  instead  of  dissipating  our  Fears  threat- 
ened us  with  a  Benewall  of  unconstitutional!  Attacks  on  our 
Liberties  &  Properties.  Those  threats  have  been  immediately 
succeeded  By  Acts  Establishing  new  officers  among  us  &  impos- 
ing Duties  on  goods  which  we  are  not  permitted  to  import  from 
any  other  Place  But  Great  Britain. 

As  to  the  1st  The  Establishment  of  a  Board  of  Trade,  we  all 
Plainly  see  that  it  is  done  to  Encrease  a  Parliamentary  depend- 
ance  by  the  Creation  of  new  Officers.  To  the  same  end  are  a 
great  number  of  Troops  kept  up  in  America,  not  to  secure  our 
Conquests,  for  if  that  were  the  intention,  why  are  troops  em- 
ployed elsewhere  than  among  the  Conquered  ? 

Is  England  or  America  most  injured  by  the  number  of  Civill 
&  Military  Officers  &  troops  among  us  ?  The  first  spend  their 
Sallaries,  the  other  their  pay  in  America,  in  this  America  is  not 


injured:  But  if  the  Establishment  of  unnecessary  Officers,  if 
the  support  of  useless  troops  Creates  a  Servil  and  unconstitu- 
tional! dependence  in  the  House  of  Commons  in  England,  is  not 
England  the  greatest  sufferer  by  the  Measure? 

As  to  the  2d  The  imposition  of  new  duties,  It  may  be  urged 
that  the  Board  of  Trade  at  Boston  is  Appointed  to  prevent 
smugling  &  to  secure  the  duties  laid  by  Acts  of  Parliament. 
Does  the  Board  of  Trade,  the  Commissioners  of  the  Customs, 
the  numberless  tribes  of  Tide  waiters  Land  waiters  searches 
A  Navy  of  Sloops  Cutters  &  Custom  House  Boates  &c  &c  Pre- 
vent Smugling  in  England  ?  If  not,  will  a  Board  of  Trade  in 
Boston  or  in  Every  Colony  prevent  smugling  in  America. 
Trade  in  its  Nature  is  free,  it  is  a  maxim  which  I  will  sup- 
port by  the  following  Tale  which  I  read  long  since  but  in  what 
Author  I  Cannot  recollect.  The  Dutch  when  Contending  with 
Spain  for  Liberty,  Prohibited  by  a  Severe  Placart  the  Furnish- 
ing the  Spaniards  with  Navall  or  Military  Stores.  A  Dutch- 
mann  was  Caught  Transgressing  &  Called  to  an  Acct.  for  it. 
His  defence  was  th*  Trade  in  its  nature  was  free  &  open  to  all 
Mankind  &  that  if  He  Could  see  a  Prospect  of  Great  gain  by 
a  Voyage  to  Hell,  He  would  Venture  the  singeing  of  His  sails. 

I  will  not  Sr  Attempt  to  Prove  th*  the  Parliament  Cannot 
Consistently  with  the  Constitution,  our  Eights  and  Liberties 
tax  us.  That  I  apprehend  to  be  done  demonstratively  by  the 
Author  of  the  Considerations  &  the  Farmer,  I  have  not  seen 
that  their  Reasoning  has  been  Attempted  to  be  Answered,  if 
Attempted,  no  such  answer  has  Peached  me. 

I  think  there  are  many  strong  Arguments  to  be  Derived  from 
Prudence  &  Policy  which  should  in  my  Humble  Opinion  induce 
Great  Britain  not  to  Attempt  to  tax  us. 

By  what  is  generally  asserted  on  yr  side  the  water  you  are 
beat  out  of  all  Trade  to  all  Places  Except  to  yr  Colonies  by 
being  undersold  in  Every  forreign  Market  by  yr  Rivalls  in 
Trade.  If  this  be  so  it  is  immateriall  to  me  to  Enquier  whether 
it  be  owing  to  the  weight  of  yr  Taxes  on  the  Luxury  or  high 
Price  of  the  labour  of  yr  Poor  Manufacturers. 


But  under  these  Circumstances  if  yr  Colonies  be  yr  Chief  yr 
only  Valuable  Customers,  is  it  Prudent  is  it  Politick  to  drive 
them  from  you? 

Every  duty  imposed  on  the  goods  you  send  us  Opperates 
Apparently  as  a  Bounty  &  Encouragement  to  us  to  Manufac- 
ture th*  Species  of  Goods. 

That  we  Can  Manufacture  all  goods  wch  you  Manufacture 
is  undoubted;,  &  th*  you  will  force  us  to  do  so  by  Present  Meas- 
ures is  Certain,  Interest  tho  a  strong  is  not  the  strongest  motive 
to  incite  us  to  Manufacture;  Resentment  a  Conviction  of  the 
injustice  with  which  we  are  treated,  yr  not  Answering  yr  slight- 
ing our  legall  Constitution  all  applications  to  the  Orowne  for 
Redress  A  view  of  the  Chains  you  have  imposed,  yr  Seeming 
Determination  to  Rivet  them  on  us  will  Compell  us  to 

Rage  &  Resentment  operate  beyond  all  imagination  more 
forceably  than  interest,  but  when  united  Can  they  fail  of  pro- 
ducing the  Effect  wcl1  you  ought  to  dread  ? 

Surprising  &  Astonishing  was  ye  progress  of  Manufacture 
Here  Especially  in  the  Wollen  &  Linnen  Branches  upon  the 
passing  the  Stamp  Act.  The  repeal  of  th*  Act  gave  a  great 
Check  to  thm.  But  they  are  reassurred  not  with  a  noisy  & 
Ostentatious  Parade,  But  wth  a  sullen  Resentment  &  deter- 
mined Resolution  never  more  to  abandon  them.  At  th*  time 
I  manufactured  a  Sute  of  Cloathes  for  myself  I  wore  it  to  incite 
others  to  follow  my  Example:  I  dropt  my  Manufacture  &  laid 
aside  my  Cloaths  upon  the  repeal  of  the  Stamp  Act.  I  have 
this  year  Built  a  Commodious  House  for  as  many  Manufactu- 
rers as  will  be  able  to  Cloath  between  three  &  four  Hundred 

With  Contempt  we  read  the  silly  &  innamatory  Articles  in 
many  of  yr  News  Papers  giving  Accts  of  the  factious  state  & 
inclinations  of  the  Americans  to  Break  the  Happy  Connection, 
which  has  Hitherto  subsisted  between  them  &  their  mother 
Country,  &  we  Pity  the  Credulity  of  those  who  Have  sent  troops 
hither  to  Compell  us  to  Obedience  if  their  fears  have  been 


feigned.  I  leave  you  to  find  an  Epithet  which  may  set  their 
duplicity  in  the  most  tedious  light  for  I  cannot  recollect  one. 
Could  they  not  distinguish  between  a  steady  &  determined  Reso- 
lution  to  Maintain  our  Eights  &  Rebellion  \  Any  measure  de- 
viating from  a  stupid  passive  Obedience  to  unconstitutional! 
measures  was  by  such  weak  Heads  deemed  a  Rebellion  There 
is  a  very  wide  distance  Between  Murmuring  Complaining  Pe- 
titioning &  Remonstrating  &  Rebellion.  I  should  think  men 
who  Have  been  Accustomed  to  the  frequent  tumults  &  insurrec- 
tions of  Tinners  Colliers  Cole  Heavers  Weavers  &  Sailors  should 
not  be  frighted  out  of  their  senses  at  two  or  three  trifling  Mobs 
of  the  Boys  &  Rabble  of  Boston. 

America  is  sensible  it  is  not  yet  time  for  Her  Wantonly  to 
have  recourse  to  the  Ultima  Ratio  Regum,  However  Grieviously 
Provoked  she  Has  Appealed  to  Her  Sovereign  to  the  Laws  to 
the  Constitution,  on  these  she  Relys  for  the  Protection  of  Her 
Rights  &  Liberties,  should  that  Relyance  be  frustrated  (which 
the  suppresion  of  our  Legislatures  &  many  other  Rash  &  Bold 
steps  on  yr  side  seem  to  indicate)  we  Have  it  thank  God  in 
our  Power  to  Bring  you  to  Reason  By  the  easy  legall  means  of 
manufacturing  &  taking  nothing  from  you  unessentiall  to  our 
Existence.  Perhaps  many  may  do  more  &  follow  the  Dutch- 
man's Example  by  takeing  nothing  from  you  which  by  any 
means  may  be  had  Cheaper  from  any  other  Quarter. 

We  have  been  informed  th*  the  Different  applications  of  our 
Colonies  to  the  King  have  not  only  been  slighted  But  that  they 
have  not  been  suffered  to  be  Presented.  Is  it  possible  ?  Have 
we  not  a  right  to  Petition  &  to  be  Heared  ? 

Our  Legislatures  are  threatned  to  be  suppressed.  That  of 
Boston  is  suppressed  for  not  Complying  with  a  Ministeriall 

Would  any  Minister  dare  to  tell  an  English  House  of  Com- 
mons that  they  should  not  be  suffered  to  meet  that  they  should 
be  dissolved  unless  they  Complyed  with  measures  dictated  by 
them  ?  Have  we  not  as  undoubted  a  Right  to  Legislation  in 
our  severall  Provinces  as  you  have  in  England?  would  a  Min- 


ister  dare  to  treat  us  in  so  imperious  a  Manner  if  He  was  not 
assured  of  impunity?  Would  He  not  treat  you  in  the  same 
manner  Could  He  do  it  with  the  same  Security?  We  cannot 
think  you  are  Realy  anxious  to  preserve  yr  owne  Eights  while 
you  tamely  see  those  of  yr  fellow  subjects  so  flagitiously  in- 
vaded. Are  not  such  steps  as  distant  as  Heaven  &  Earth  from 
justice  ?  If  they  are  ought  they  not  in  prudence  &  good  Pollicy 
to  be  not  only  dropt  &  disavowed,  But  severely  Censured  by 
an  upright  British  House  of  Commons  ? 

Nations  as  well  as  individualls  are  Subject  to  persist  in  wrong 
Measures,  it  is  deemed  a  Weakness,  it  is  thought  dishonorable 
it  mortifies  our  pride  &  self  Conceit  to  retract  &  Acknowledge 
an  Error,  in  vain  does  the  injustice  of  the  Action  stare  us  in 
the  face  or  sober  Reason  Condem  it. 

Should  the  Colonies  by  necessity  be  forced  into  a  Counter- 
band  Trade,  Considering  the  vast  Extent  of  our  Sea  Coast  our 
numberless  Navigable  Gulphs  Bays  Rivers  inlets  &  Creeks  will 
it  be  possible  for  Great  Britain  to  suppress  it?  What  she  in 
Vain  Attempts  at  Home,  will  she  be  able  to  performe  at  such 
a  distance?  Trade  is  of  a  very  delicate  nature,  it  may  by 
imprudent  measures  be  forced  out  of  its  old  Channell,  But  it 
may  prove  impossible  to  bring  it  back. 

Cast  yr  Eye  on  a  Map  of  America  Consider  the  immense  un- 
peopled tract,  Consider  the  prodigious  Rapidity  with  which 
it  is  setling  will  England  in  time  to  Come  be  able  to  Compell 
such  an  immense  Country  Peopled  by  miriads  to  submit  to 
Arbitrary  Laws  on  despotic  ministerial!  orders. 

Cast  yr  Eye  again,  on  the  Map  of  America  Contemplate  that 
part  of  it  allready  Peopled  with  (in  my  Opinion)  4  million  of 
Souls,  should  they  be  forced  by  ill  Policy  to  Resistance  &  in 
time  to  Come  th*  may  be  the  Case  &  should  it  be  the  Case,  will 
it  be  easy,  will  it  not  be  almost  unpracticable  to  keep  such  num- 
bers and  such  an  Extent  of  Country  in  due  Obedience. 

Look  on  the  inconsiderable  spot  which  Constitutes  the  Seven 
United  Provinces.  The  People  of  that  Spot  Baffled  the  Power 
of  the  House  of  Austria  &  shook  of  the  Spanish  Yoke.     It  is 


true  France  assisted  them  England  assisted  them.  Should  Eng- 
lish America  be  ever  unfortunately  forced  to  take  up  Arms  & 
be  unable  of  Herself  to  Vindicate  her  freedom,  will  not  France 
Spain  &  even  the  Dutch  Lend  Her  a  Helping  hand?  Should 
such  an  Event  be  in  the  Wombe  of  Time  what  A  figure  will 
England  Make  bereaved  of  so  much  of  Her  Power  and  Trade. 

The  Pretexts  on  yr  side  the  Water  for  taxing  America,  are 
the  Expence  incurred  in  the  last  war  by  defending  us,  the  Con- 
tinued Expence  of  a  standing  Army  for  our  Protection,  yr  Heavy 
taxed  &  insupportable  Nationall  Debt. 

It  is  Certain  we  wanted  no  Protection  ag*  the  insignificant 
Colony  of  Quebeck,  we  did  ag*  France.  France  Attacked  us  to 
Encrease  Her  Power  &  withdraw  our  trade  from  England. 
England  supported  us  to  Preserve  Her  Power  &  Trade  self  in- 
terest was  Her  view  &  only  view.  Our  present  treatment  is  a 
proof  of  Her  Tenderness  towards  us ; 

Why  are  you  at  the  Continued  Expense  of  maintaining 
standing  forces  among  us.  They  are  Hatefull  in  our  Eyes  & 
looked  upon  by  us  as  the  Harbingers  of  Despotism :  They  ought 
to  be  Hatefull  to  you,  as  they  Increase  ministeriall  influence  by 
giving  an  undue  &  additional  Power  to  the  Crowne.  If  Forces 
in  America  are  necessary  they  Can  be  only  so  in  the  Con- 
quered Colonies,  if  it  be  profitable  to  England  to  secure  the 
Possession  of  those  Colonies  England  ought  to  be  at  the  Ex- 
pense of  the  troops  necessary  to  secure  the  Possession  of  them, 
for  Qui  sentit  Commodum  sentire  debet  et  onus. 

As  to  Yr  Taxes  &  JSTationall  Debt,  that  they  are  not  both  les- 
sened is  due  to  yr  Corruption.  The  Debt  gives  a  too  irresistable 
Power  &  influence  to  the  Crown  &  ministers  for  them  to  wish 
it  diminished.  While  it  subsists  it  is  vain  to  Expect  a  Diminu- 
tion of  taxes.  America  Contributed  more  than  Her  share  to 
the  Expences  of  the  War  Here,  she  Contributes  more  than  Her 
share  to  yr  Taxes  by  the  Consumption  of  yr  Manufactures. 

Do  you  apply  to  us  as  Beggars,  shew  th*  you  are  reall  objects 
of  Charity.  Supposing  a  Drunken  profligate  able  Bodied 
Sturdy  Beggar  should  apply  to  you  for  an  Alms  would  you  be- 


stow  it?  When  we  see  Princely  Estates  suddenly  made  by 
Contractors  &c  when  we  see  numberless  Sine  cure  Offices  of 
immense  Annuall  Value  Held,  when  we  see  great  &  unmeritted 
Pensions  with  out  number  bestowed  to  the  3d  &  4th  Generation 
Can  you  Expect  that  we  Can  be  prevailed  on  to  Gratify  yr 
Cravings  or  Contribute  to  yr  Profusion. 

What  must  be  the  end  of  this  shameless  long  Continued  Want 
of  Honour  publick  spirit  &  Patriotism.  Will  not  yr  Profligacy 
Corruption  &  versatility  sink  you  into  Anarchy  &  destruction. 
All  States  labouring  under  the  same  Vices  Have  met  with  the 
fate  which  will  be  yr  lot:  That  fate  is  impending  it  Cannot 
be  far  off ;  The  Same  Causes  will  ever  produce  similar  Effects. 

If  I  have  given  a  true  Picture  of  yr  present  state  &  I  think 
I  have  without  hightning  the  Coulars  or  strengthning  the  Fea- 
tures (if  yr  Dayly  Papers  Periodicall  &  Occasionall  Pamphlets 
deserve  the  least  Credit)  are  you  not  A  people  devoted  to  &  on 
the  Brink  of  destruction. 

I  Began  to  be  Acquainted  with  the  world  in  the  year  1720 
memorable  by  the  Ruin  of  not  only  the  unthinking  adventurers 
in  the  South  Sea  stock  But  of  numberless  widows  Helpless 
Minors  &  innocent  infants :  A  year  infamous  to  some  very  great 
Personages  if  it  be  true  that  they  Profited  immensely  by  the 
Cheats.  Soon  after  Sr  Rob*  Walpole  was  made  primier  He  Re- 
duced Corruption  into  a  Regular  Sistem  which  since  His  time 
to  the  Present  Period  has  been  improved  &  founded  on  so  Broad 
&  solid  a  Basis  as  to  threaten  the  Constitution  with  immediate 
Ruin  &  allready  to  have  left  to  the  People  little  more  than  the 
Appearance  of  Liberty  Could  the  Transactions  of  the  Period 
I  mention  be  exposed  to  Publick  view  would  they  not  Excite 
Horror  &  detestation.  If  no  roome  is  left  to  the  Present  gene- 
ration to  improve  in  Corruption,  they  Have  in  faction  Aetas 
pejor  [parentum~]  Avis  &  I  may  with  out  pretending  to  be  a 
prophet  venture  to  say  mox  datura  progeniem  Vitiosiorem. 

I  am  sensible  Dr  Sr  I  have  said  little  or  nothing  but  what 
must  have  occurred  to  you  or  to  any  Gent:  of  Reflection,  But 
it  is  with  the  deepest  Concern  I  have  said  it  &  with  this  Morti- 


fying  Conviction  that  what  I  have  said  &  all  that  more  may  be 
said  on  so  Interesting  a  Subject  will  not  be  of  the  least  avail. 
The  Evill  is  so  inveterate  as  not  be  Eradicated  by  Reason  Ense 
reddendum  est  for  the  state  of  Anarchy  you  seem  to  be  in 
gives  me  grounds  to  fear  the  Constitution  Cannot  be  supported 
by  any  others  means  than  the  sword.  America  has  little  roome 
to  Hope  that  A  People  so  regardless  of  their  owne  Liberty 
should  be  Attentive  to  Preserve  Hers  nor  Have  I  the  Vanity  to 
think  anything  I  have  said  Can  or  will  Have  the  least  Effect, 
for  Altho  you  Have  the  Honour  to  be  in  a  Publick  Station  Jacta 
est  Alea,  Our  fate  will  be  decided  at  least  for  a  time  before  this 
will  reach  you. 

In  yrs  of  Aprill  the  3d  1766  to  my  son,  you  write  as  follows. 
The  Foreign  states  that  Constitute  a  part  of  the  British  Empire, 
that  is  Ireland  &  America  Belong  to  the  British  Commonwealth, 
that  is  to  the  King  Lords  &  Commons. 

Pray  Sr  pardon  me  if  I  Call  in  Question  the  Propriety  of 
th*  Position.  I  Believe  it  would  be  flatly  denyed  by  Ireland  & 
that  if  you  attempted  to  tax  them,  you  would  not  find  so  duti- 
full  an  opposition,  as  has  been  persued  by  America.  They 
would  Hardly  supplicate,  you  would  Hear  the  Thunder  of  the 
Irish  Lords  &  Commons. 

If  you  Have  no  more  right  to  tax  us  than  you  Have  to  tax 
Ireland,  why  do  you  do  it  ?  Is  it  because  you  think  we  Cannot 
resist  ?  That  would  be  acting  like  a  Bully  who  swaggers  when 
He  is  sure  of  Comeing  of  with  whole  Bones. 

Yr  sentiment  is  quite  new  to  me,  nor  Can  I  Recollect  that  I 
have  ever  met  with  anything  Similar  to  it  in  any  of  Our  His- 
tories or  other  tracts  which  have  fell  into  my  hands  Antecedent 
to  the  Present  Controversy  Between  England  &  its  Colonies. 

I  never  understood  the  Lords  &  Commons  of  England  Claimed 
any  Dominion  Their  Province  I  have  always  Conceived  was 
to  advise  the  Crowne,  watch  over  &  Guard  their  owne  &  Con- 
stituents Rights  &  Liberties,  Grant  their  money,  Bring  Great 
Delinquents  to  Justice,  Enact  Laws  &c. 

I  look  upon  our  Legislations  to  be  every  way  similar  to  yours 
&  that  the  only  difference  between  them  Consists  in  yr  superior 

THE    POTTER'S    FIELD.  187 

Power  (understood  as  force)  &  opulence.  We  are  not  Certainly 
the  subjects  of  subjects.  Our  Constitutionall  dependence  on 
the  Crowne  is  sufficiently  &  Effectually  secured  by  its  Appoint- 
ment of  Governors  &  all  other  Officers  Civill  &  Military  by  a 
Controul  on  the  Laws  passed  by  our  Assemblies. 

Yr  mode  of  Expression  in  my  poor  Opinion,  Could  not  at 
any  time  be  made  use  of  with  Propriety  But  under  Cromwells 
Usurpation,  or  in  Case  of  a  Change  in  the  Constitution  from 
A  monarchicall  to  a  Republican  forme,  then  the  Majesty  of 
People  the  Dominion  of  the  People  might  be  properly  Asserted. 

When  I  sat  downe  to  write  to  you  I  little  thought  my  letter 
would  have  run  into  such  a  length,  it  is  not  wrote  with  a  view 
of  Drawing  an  answer  from  you,  it  would  be  presuming  too 
much,  &  Considering  yr  occupations  the  task  would  be  un- 

If  in  any  Part  of  it  I  have  expressed  myself  with  too  much 
Acrimony  Pardon  it :  you  see  an  old  man  may  be  warmed  by  a 
love  of  Liberty  &  of  His  Country,  th*  Love  I  have  will  recom- 
mend me  to  yr  Esteem  which  I  sincerely  Covet  being  very  truly 

Drgr  YrMo:obedt:& 

Mo:  Hum:  Serv* 
C:  C: 


In  the  year  1785,  Col.  John  Eager  Howard  and  George  Lux 
presented  to  the  Commissioners  of  Baltimore-Town  a  lot  of 
ground  on  the  west  side  of  the  town  "  to  be  used  as  a  place  of 
common  interment  for  strangers,  poor  people  and  negroes, 
who  shall  die  in  the  said  town."  The  conveyance  was  author- 
ized by  Chapter  37  of  the  Acts  of  Assembly  of  1785,  passed 
March  2,  1786;  but  no  record  of  this  transfer  has  been  found. 



The  following  notices  and  advertisements  from  The  Baltimore 
Daily  Repository  will  doubtless  seem  surprising  to  many,  but 
they  show  clearly  the  need  of  this  "  charitable  "  enterprise. 

To  the  Inhabitants  of  Baltimore-Town  and  Fells  Point. 

Whereas  it  has  hitherto  been  a  practice  amongst  the  poorer 
class  of  people,  and  people  of  color,  to  BURY  their  deceased 
relations  and  Acquaintances,  in  several  of  the  different  Streets 
and  Allies  of  this  town — the  Special  Commissioners  of  the  town 
aforesaid,  having  reflected  on  the  circumstance,  consider  it  a 
practice  indecent  and  highly  injurious  to  the  said  streets  and 
allies  so  interred  on,  and  believe  it  necessary  to  give  this  public 
notice,  requesting  the  Inhabitants  of  said  Town  and  Point  to 
prevent,  as  much  as  possible,  the  like  custom  in  future,  as  it  is 
evident  that  most,  or  all  the  corpse [s],  so  interred,  must  be 
removed  when  the  said  streets  and  allies  come  to  be  regulated. 

John  Mickle, 

James  Wignal, 

John  Hillen,  Special  Oommis- 

John  Brown,  sioners. 

Jos.  Townsend, 

Joseph  Biass, 

John  Coulter. 

Baltimore,  December  20,  1792. 

Mr.  Graham, 

Having  observed,  in  the  Baltimore  Daily  Repository,  the  pub- 
lication of  the  Special  Commissioners,  respecting  the  long  fre- 
quented practice  of  interring  corps  in  a  number  of  streets  and 
allies  of  Baltimoretown,  and  the  necessity  they  are  under  of 
endeavoring  to  prevent  the  like  custom  in  future,  I  am  induced 
to  make  the  following  remarks: 

It  appears  that  the  Town  of  Baltimore  contains  by  compu- 
tation, near  20,000  inhabitants,  numbers  of  whom  are  members 
of  no  religious  domination,  and  but  in  low  circumstances,  which 


prevent  their  deceased  being  admitted  in  the  burying  grounds 
of  the  several  different  religious  societies;  and  as  they  are  re- 
fused the  privilege  of  interring  on  private  property,  are  obliged 
to  have  recourse  to  the  public  highways,  for  that  purpose. 

It  is  cause  of  public  admiration,  that  so  populous  a  place  as 
Baltimore,  and  the  well-known  generous  and  humane  dispo- 
sition of  a  large  number  of  its  inhabitants,  should  not  be  pro- 
vided with  what  is  termed  a  Pottersfield;  but  as  that  is  not 
known  to  be  the  case,  would  it  not  be  expedient  for  the  subject 
to  come  under  early  consideration  of  the  several  different  socie- 
ties to  make  that  necessary  provision,  as  would  effectually  rem- 
edy the  inconvenience  complained  of  by  the  Special  Commis- 
sioners ? 

A  Friend  to  Decency  and  Humanity. 

December  25,  1792. 

Baltimore,  January  15,  1793. 

The  Inhabitants  of  Bai,timoee-To<wn  and  Feli/s  Point,  who 
wish  to  promote  a  POTTER'S  FIELD,  for  the  use  of  said 
Town  and  Point,  are  requested  to  meet  at  Mr.  Starck's  Tavern, 
TOMORROW  EVENING  at  Six  o'clock,  in  order  to  adopt 
such  measures  as  will  effect  so  charitable  a  purpose. 

It  is  expected  that  a  number  of  each  religious  denomination 
will  be  careful  to  attend. 

[January  17]  At  a  Meeting  of  sundry  Inhabitants,  at  Mr. 
John  Starck's,  in  Consequence  of  Notice  given  in  the  News- 
papers, for  the  Purpose  of  providing  a  Piece  of  Ground  for  a 
Potter's  Field — the  following  Persons  were  appointed  a  Com- 
mittee, to  receive  Proposals  from  any  Persons  willing  to  dis- 
pose of  a  Piece  of  Ground  suitable  for  the  Purpose,  viz.,  George 
Presstman,  Joseph  Townsend,  Thomas  Dickson,  Thomas  John- 
son, Isaac  Griest,  George  Grundy,  and  John  Hillen; — and  also, 
to  lay  such  Proposals  before  the  next  Meeting,  which  is  to  be 
held  at  Mr.  Starck's,  on  FRIDAY  EVENING,  the  25th  In- 


stant,  at  6  o'clock — when  every  Citizen  disposed  to  promote  so 
laudable  an  Undertaking,  is  earnestly  requested  to  attend. 

January  25.  At  a  Meeting  of  sundry  Inhabitants  of  Balti- 
more-Town and  Fell's  Point  last  Evening,  at  Mr.  Starck's  Tav- 
ern, in  Consequence  of  the  Request  of  the  Committee  appointed 
to  receive  Proposals  for  the  Purchase  of  a  Potter  s  Field — 
having  received  the  report  of  said  Committee,  and  agreed  to  a 
Purchase  of  a  Piece  of  Ground  for  that  Purpose,  lying  on  the 
north  Side  of  Hampstead-Hill,  on  Market-street,  leading  from 
Fell's  Point,  do  now  recommend  to  every  Citizen  to  be  liberal 
in  their  Contributions  on  this  Occasion;  and  to  pay  the  Same 
into  the  Hands  of  the  following  Gentlemen,  who  are  appointed 
to  receive  them,  and  procure  Materials  to  enclose  the  Ground 
with  a  suitable  Post  and  Rail  Fence,  viz. 

James  Edwards,         ]       -^      -n  m    -r»  ••  ■* 
_,  .  \       For  Fell's  Point. 

Isaac  Griest,  J 

William  Trimble,       ) 
John  Brown,  Potter,  ) 


William  Wilson,  "1       ^         D     .,     ,      ,  , 

T  _      _.__  From  South-street  to 

John  Hillen,  y  ni      , 

~  r%        i  Charles-street. 

George  Grundy,  J 

For  Old-Town. 

Jacob  Myers,  \       West  of  Jones'  Falls  to 

Joseph  Townsend,      j  South-street. 

George  Presstman, 
John  Mickle, 
James  Carey, 
Elisha  Tyson. 

West  of  Charles-street. 

April  15,  1793.  The  Inhabitants  of  Baltimore-Town  and  Fell's 
Point,  are  now  respectfully,  informed,  that,  through  the  liberal 
contributions  of  a  number  of  them,  a  suitable  piece  of  ground, 
lying  on  the  north  side  of  Hampstead-hill,  has  been  purchased, 
for  the  purpose  of  a  Potters-field,  which  is  now  in  readiness  for 


the  reception  of  such,  objects,  as  come  under  the  notice  of  the 
said  institution. — Application  for  admittance,  to  be  made  to 
Isaac  Gkiest,  Esq.  and  Doctor  John  Coulter,  of  Fell's  Point 
and  Joseph  Townsend,  for  Baltimore-Town,  who  are  appointed 
to  superintend  the  same. 

There  appearing  a  necessity  for  another  purchase  to  be  made, 
for  the  aforesaid  purpose,  to  accommodate  the  inhabitants  of 
the  west  end  of  the  town,  as  well  as  to  inclose  both  lots  with  a 
suitable  fence,  it  is  earnestly  requested,  that  such  citizens  who 
have  not  yet  contributed  towards  this  charitable  purpose,  would 
pay  their  subscriptions  into  the  hands  of  the  collectors,  hereto- 
fore appointed  to  receive  them. 


March  12th,  1917. — The  regular  monthly  meeting  of  the 
Society  was  called  to  order  at  8.30  p.  m.,  with  President  War- 
field  in  the  chair. 

The  following  persons  were  elected  to  active  membership : 

Mrs.  Charles  Marshall  Mr.  Charles  C.  Caldwell 

Miss  Amelia  Muller  Mrs.  Letitia  Pennell  Wilson 

To  Associate  membership :     Mr.  G.  C.  Davies 

Under  the  head  of  necrology,  the  Eecording  Secretary  re- 
ported that  on  February  13th,  19  IT,  Mr.  Peter  Lesley  Hopper 
of  Havre  de  Grace,  Maryland,  died.  Mr.  Hopper  was  elected 
March  16th,  1892.  On  February  15th,  1917,  Mr.  Edward  F. 
Arthurs  of  Baltimore,  died.  Mr.  Arthurs  was  elected  March 
18th,  1899. 

An  interesting  feature  of  the  evening  was  the  presentation 
by  the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  through  Rev. 
Dr.  Henry  Branch,  of  a  copy  of  the  Early  Settlers  of  Mary- 
land, which  had  been  prepared  at  great  expense  by  the  Daughters 


of  the  American  Bevolution  for  presentation  to  the  Maryland 
Historical  Society. 

Dr.  Branch  referred  to  the  splendid  work  which  the  Daugh- 
ters of  the  American  Eevolution  and  the  Maryland  Historical 
Society  are  doing  in  collecting  and  preserving  the  records  of 
Maryland  and  in  inculcating  a  spirit  of  respect  and  affection 
for  the  history  of  our  state.  Governor  Warfield  on  behalf  of 
the  Society  accepted  the  gift  from  the  Daughters  of  the  Ameri- 
can Revolution,  and  spoke  in  glowing  terms  of  the  valuable 
work  done  by  the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  "  the 
greatest/'  he  said,  "  of  our  patriotic  societies." 

Mrs.  Sipple  in  response  ventured  the  statement  that  if  the 
use  of  the  book  will  give  the  Society  as  much  pleasure  as  the 
presentation  of  it  has  given  the  Daughters  of  the  American 
Revolution,  the  latter  would  be  amply  repaid. 

Mr.  Spencer  called  attention  to  important  gifts  to  the  Society 
during  the  past  month,  and  especially  to  the  muster  roll  of  the 
Revolutionary  War,  presented  by  Messrs.  L.  C.  and  S".  Lee 
Goldsborough.  This  muster  roll  and  various  other  rolls  in  the 
possession  of  the  Society  were  referred  to  the  Publication  Com- 
mittee for  their  consideration. 

Dr.  Henry  Barton  Jacobs  presented  a  letter  from  J.  Mason 
Campbell,  written  in  January,  1860,  and  dealing  with  the 
political  situation  of  the  times. 

The  paper  of  the  evening  was  then  presented  by  M.  G.  C. 
Da  vies,  entitled,  "  Robert  Smith  and  the  Navy."  The  work  of 
Robert  Smith  as  Secretary  of  the  Navy  under  Jefferson  in  the 
upbuilding  of  the  American  Navy  and  especially  in  reference 
to  the  effective  means  taken  in  dealing  with  the  Barbary  States, 
was  related  in  a  graphic  and  interesting  way  by  Mr.  Davies. 
In  doing  so  he  stated  that  Robert  Smith  had  practically  founded 
the  American  Navy,  and  that  he  considered  the  achievement 
all  the  more  wonderful  in  view  of  the  powerful  opposition  of 
Gallatin,  Secretary  of  the  Treasury,  and  in  spite  of  Jefferson's 
desires  for  economy.     His  description  of  the  brilliant  achieve- 


ments  of  Decatur,  Trippe  and  other  American  officers,  were 
interesting  in  an  unusual  degree.  General  Trippe,  on  behalf 
of  the  Society,  offered  a  vote  of  thanks  to  Mr.  Davies.  This 
was  passed  unanimously. 

At  ten  o'clock  the  meeting  adjourned. 

April  9  th,  1917. — The  regular  monthly  meeting  of  the  So- 
ciety was  called  to  order  at  8.30  p.  m.,  with  President  Warfield 
in  the  chair. 

A  most  interesting  feature  of  the  meeting  was  the  presenta- 
tion by  the  Colonel  Nicholas  Ruxton  Moore  Society,  Children 
of  the  American  Revolution,  through  their  President,  Mrs.  N. 
L.  Dashiell,  of  a  very  large  United  States  Flag.  The  flag  was 
unfurled  by  Master  Lindsay  Taliaferro,  assisted  by  the  fol- 
lowing : 

Miss  Elinor  A.  Taylor  Miss  Alice  Taliaferro 

Miss  Virginia  Turner  Miss  Isabella  Staub 

Miss  Eleanor  M.  Dashiell  Master  Lindsay  Taliaferro 

Miss  Mary  Leeke  Dashiell  Master  John  Staub 
Miss  Margaret  Luckett 

Mrs.  Dashiell  spoke  as  follows : 

"It  is  my  pleasure,  and  on  behalf  of  the  Colonel  Nicholas 
Ruxton  Moore  Society,  Children  of  the  American  Revolution, 
I  present  to  the  Maryland  Historical  Society,  this  United 
States  Flag — Long  May  it  Wave — o'er  the  land  of  the  free  and 
the  home  of  the  brave." 

After  the  singing  of  the  Star-Spangled  Banner,  President  War- 
field  accepted  the  flag  in  the  name  of  the  Society,  dwelling  upon 
the  very  great  pleasure  which  this  gift  afforded  to  the  Society. 
The  following  motion  was  offered  by  Mr.  Richard  H.  Spencer, 
which  was  passed  by  a  standing  vote: 

"  That  a  vote  of  thanks  be  given  to  the  Colonel  Nicho- 
las Ruxton  Moore  Society,  Children  of  the  American 


Revolution  for  the  beautiful  United  States  Flag  pre- 
sented to  the  Society  this  evening." 

An  interesting  addition  to  the  cabinet  was  a  portrait  of  Rev. 
Dr.  George  W.  Burnap,  which  was  presented  through  Judge 

The  following  were  elected  to  active  membership : 

Mr.  Arthur  W.  Machen,  Jr. 

Mr.  R.  C.  Ballard  Thruston 

Mr.  F.  H.  Gardner 

Mrs.  Mary  Fernandez  de  Velasco  Stump 

Under  the  head  of  necrology,  Recording  Secretary  RadcliiTe 
announced  that  on  March  25th,  1917,  Colonel  Charles  Chaille 
Long  died.     He  had  been  elected  a  corresponding  member  in 


On  March  16th,  1917,  Dr.  Clothworthy  Birnie  died.  He 
was  elected  an  active  member  on  November  14th,  1892. 

The  Society  then  had  the  pleasure  of  listening  to  a  very  in- 
teresting paper  by  Mr.  Daniel  R.  Randall,  entitled  "  Old  Mary- 
land Clubs."  Mr.  Randall  gave  a  most  interesting  description 
of  some  of  the  old  clubs  in  and  about  Annapolis  and  especially 
the  South  River  Club,  the  oldest  club  in  the  county,  the  Tuesday 
and  the  Forensic  Clubs. 

May  14dJv,  1917. — The  regular  monthly  meeting  of  the  So- 
ciety was  called  to  order  at  8.45  p.  m.,  with  President  Warfield 
in  the  chair. 

Mr.  Richard  M.  Duvall  acted  as  Secretary  of  the  meeting  in 
the  absence  of  Mr.  George  L.  Radcliffe. 

Among  the  donations  to  the  library  was  a  framed  colored 
print  entitled  "  The  Stars  and  Stripes  "  giving  the  history  of 
the  United  States  flag,  presented  by  President  Warfield;  Mr. 
Win.  Beers  of  the  Howard  Memorial  Library,  New  Orleans, 


presented  several  pieces  of  sheet  music,  some  of  which  were 
published  in  Baltimore ;  Hon.  W.  Hall  Harris  presented  a  vol- 
ume of  the  "  Baltimore  Daily  Eepository,"  1792-3. 

The  Peabody  Institute  deposited  some  letters  and  newspaper 
accounts  of  the  annual  dinners  of  the  Maryland  Historical  So- 
ciety for  the  years  1850,  1851,  1852,  and  1853. 

The  following  persons  were  elected  to  active  membership. 

Miss  Inez  H.  Osborne  Miss  Varina  J.  Corbaley 

Mr.  James  Carey,  Jr.  Miss  Mary  Gilson  Koontz 

Mr.  Edward  A.  Cockey  Miss  Margaret  A.  Steele 

Dr.  Steiner  reported  the  deposit  of  the  Laws  of  Maryland, 
under  the  Act  of  General  Assembly  of  1885  as  follows: 

4—1711-1723  Laws 

5—1724-1731  Laws 

—1731-1752  Laws 

1—1753-1768  Laws 

1769-1774)  Laws 

1777-1778)  Laws 

Dr.  Steiner  explained  that  these  laws  were  looked  upon  as 
lost,  and  for  that  reason  they  do  not  appear  in  the  published 
archives ;  but  those  that  were  omitted  would  appear  in  Volume 

Mr.  Dielman,  Chairman  of  the  Library  Committee,  stated 
that  some  of  the  Committee  visited  the  Pratt  House  and  made 
an  inspection  of  the  premises.  Ample  provision  is  made  in  the 
new  building  for  all  of  the  service  requirements  of  the  Society, 
except  that  of  the  general  meeting  room,  and  that  the  Com- 
mittee was  unable  to  suggest  any  use  for  the  rooms,  other  than 
as  Chapter  Eooms  for  the  various  patriotic  and  genealogical 
societies;  and  possibly  for  committee  rooms  for  our  standing 
committees  and  for  a  book  bindery.  One  room  on  the  main 
floor  might  be  set  aside  as  the  office  of  the  Secretary  of  the 

Liber  L 


Liber  L 


Liber  BL.  C. 

Liber  H.  S. 


(Liber  E.  G. 


(Liber  G.  E. 



The  President  was,  on  motion  duly  made  and  seconded,  au- 
thorized to  appoint  a  committee  of  six,  with  himself  as  a  mem- 
ber ex-officio,  with  full  power  to  consult  with  the  architects  on 
finishing  some  of  the  rooms  in  the  Pratt  building,  and  to  make 
arrangements  for  moving  the  library  and  gallery  of  the  Society 
to  the  new  building. 

The  President  named  as  the  Committee  the  following : 
Henry  Stockbridge,   J.   Appleton  Wilson,  L.  OS.   Dielman, 
Kuxton  M.  Eidgely,  Bernard  C.  Steiner. 

The  Society  then  had  the  pleasure  of  listening  to  a  very  in- 
teresting paper  by  Dr.  B.  C.  Steiner  entitled  "  Unpublished 
Maryland  History  from  Fulham  Palace,"  published  in  this 
issue  of  the  Maryland  Historical  Magazine, 


Matthew  Page  Andrews,  A.  M.,  a  member  of  the  Society, 
has  recently  written  a  text  book  for  schools,  entitled  "  United 
States  History  for  Young  Americans,"  which  is  attractively 
published  by  Lippincott  in  a  duodecimo  volume  (pp.  368  +48). 
It  carries  the  history  down  to  the  beginning  of  1916  and  is 
well  illustrated. 

Marylanders  have  sufficient  interest  in  the  descendants  of 
Sir  Eobert  Eden,  last  Governor  of  the  Province  and  first  Baron- 
et of  Maryland,  to  make  a  statement  of  the  recent  bereavements 
of  that  family  fitting  for  the  pages  of  this  Magazine.  Sir 
William  Eden,  Seventh  Baronet  of  West  Auchland  and  fifth 
Baronet  of  Maryland,  died  in  the  early  part  of  1915.  His 
eldest  son  and  heir,  John  Eden,  predeceased  him,  being  killed 
in  1914,  while  serving  as  Lieutenant  of  Lancers,  "  Somewhere 
in  France."     The  second  son,  who  succeeded  to  the  baronetcies, 

NOTES.  197 

Sir  Timothy  Calvert  Eden,  was  in  Germany  at  the  beginning 
►f  the  Great  War  and  was  held  in  a  detention  camp  for  many 
nonths,  being  finally  released  with  impaired  health.  The  third 
on,  Eobert  Anthony  Eden,  the  heir  presumptive  to  the  baron- 
itcies  is  a  Lieutenant  in  the  King's  Royal  Rifle  Corps  and  the 
ourth  and  youngest  son,  William  Nicholas  Eden,  was  slain 
vhile  serving  at  the  age  of  sixteen  as  a  Midshipman  in  the 
ioyal  Navy,  in  the  battle  of  Horn  Reef  or  Jutland  Bank  in 

The  Catholic  Historical  Review,  Vol.  3,  p.  72,  contains  an 
nteresting  item  by  Rev.  J.  Hungerford  Pollen,  S.  J.,  "  Balti- 
more House  near  Tisbury,  Wiltshire,  England."  The  article 
s  accompanied  by  a  half-tone  illustration  of  the  house,  and 
,  ground  plan  of  the  building,  together  with  a  description  of 
he  house  and  details  of  changes  made  from  the  original  plan. 

The  so-called  "  Early  Settlers  "  list,  being  a  record  of  the 
Lames  of  certain  settlers  in  the  Province  of  Maryland  prior  to 
.680,  is  an  alphabetically  arranged  list  of  names,  comprised 
rithin  two  large  manuscript  volumes,  preserved  in  the  Land 
Commissioner's  office  at  Annapolis. 

This  list  was  compiled  by  one  of  the  clerks  of  the  Land  office 
,  few  years  ago  from  certain  original  records  and  from  other 
ecords  which  are  regarded  as  copies  of  the  original.  How- 
ver,  the  list  is  by  no  means, complete. 

The  two  volumes  of  "  Early  Settlers  "  on  file  in  the  Land 
Commissioner's  office  are  indices  to  Libers  AB  -  H,  Q  and  4 
o  20  inclusive.  Volumes  1,  2  and  3  are  not  included  in  this 
ist,  because  these  volumes  were  not  accessible  to  the  clerk  at 
he  time  of  his  compilation.  Besides  these,  there  are  to  be 
round  still  other  names  of  settlers  in  the  Provincial  Court  Pro- 
ceedings prior  to  1680,  and  in  the  Testamentary  Proceedings 
)rior  to  1680,  as  well  as  in  the  Early  Rent  Roll  for  St.  Mary's, 


Calvert,  Charles  and  Isle  of  Kent  counties.     It  is  hoped  that 
these  additional  names  may  be  added  in  the  near  future. 

Francis  B.  Culver. 

It  will  interest  the  numerous  descendants  of  the  Hammond 
and  Howard  families  of  Anne  Arundel  County,  Maryland,  to 
learn  that  the  armorial  seals,  used  by  those  families  in  early 
colonial  times  are  still  preserved,  and  the  writer  has  made 
copies  of  them  from  the  records.  The  authenticity  of  the  arms 
being  thus  established,  it  will  be  possible,  through  further  re- 
search, to  settle  the  mooted  question  as  to  the  origin  of  these 
two  celebrated  Maryland  families. 

Francis  B.  Culver. 

The  Revolutionary  number  of  the  National  Genealogical 
Society  Quarterly  (Vol.  6,  !No.  1),  issued  April,  1917,  is  very 
largely  devoted  to  the  publication  of  Maryland  items,  notably 
to  lists  of  those  who  subscribed  to  the  oaths  of  Fidelity  and  Sup- 
port. In  an  editorial  note  it  is  alleged  that  the  oath  was  "  volun- 
tarily taken  by  the  Free  Male  Taxibles."  While  we  have  no 
desire  to  question  the  patriotism  of  any  of  those  who  did  sub- 
scribe to  the  oath,  it  is  obvious  that  such  subscription  was  com- 
pulsory and  not  voluntary ;  and  the  minutes  of  the  various  Com- 
mittees of  Observation  and  Safety  are  full  of  instances  of  the 
disagreeable  consequences  to  those  who  declined  to  subscribe  to 
the  oath.  Conversely,  it  is  not  safe  to  assume  that  all  of  the 
"  suspects  "  on  so-called  Tory  lists  were  really  Tories ;  for  it 
transpired  in  many  instances  that  persons  charged  with  dis- 
loyalty to  the  state,  had  already  signed  the  test  in  a  hundred  or 
county,  about  which  the  border  lines  were  hazy. 

The  Quarterly  contains  also  interesting  transcripts  of  Bible 
records,  diaries  and  tombstone  inscriptions,  that  should  prove 
of  value  to  genealogists  and  historians. 

NOTES.  199 

The  Editor  of  this  Magazine  desires  to  secure  brief  biographi- 
cal sketches  of  all  Marylanders  of  prominence  and  especially  of 
former  members  of  this  Society.  For  many  years  past  it  has 
been  customary  to  supply  each  new  member  of  the  Society  with 
a  blank  form  on  which  to  record  such  biographical  or  genealogi- 
cal data  as  he  may  care  to  give  for  future  reference.  Less  than 
five  per  cent,  of  these  blanks  have  been  returned  to  the  Society ! 

It  is  very  difficult  to  secure  reliable  information  concerning 
those  who  have  passed  away,  even  within  the  last  twenty-five 
years,  and  many  professional  people  of  very  considerable  prom- 
inence have  passed  away  leaving  little  printed  information  as  to 
their  lives  and  work. 

Many  of  the  so-called  biographical  dictionaries  are  practically 
valueless  as  they  contain  an  undue  proportion  of  sketches, 
adorned  with  portraits,  of  persons  who  were  assured  by  the 
polite  solicitor  that  the  work  would  be  incomplete  without  them 
(and  their  subscriptions),  while  the  really  prominent  people  of 
the  period  are  conspicuous  by  their  absence. 

Full  names,  and  dates  of  birth  and  death  are  particularly 
desired,  together  with  record  of  public  services  and  private 
work  or  any  other  items  of  real  interest  and  value  concerning 
deceased  natives  and  citizens  of  Maryland. 

Many  of  our  members  doubtless  have  preserved  such  data 
relating  to  friends  or  relatives  and  copies  of  any  such  material 
will  be  gratefully  received  by  the  Editor,  who  has  already  col- 
lected at  the  expense  of  great  labor,  a  few  thousand  of  such 
sketches,  in  the  attempt  to  preserve  from  oblivion  the  memory 
of  useful  citizens  who  have  done  their  part  in  the  upbuilding  of 
the  City  and  State. 

The  September  number  of  the  Magazine  will  contain  a  list 
of  those  Marylanders  who  have  been  especially  honored  by  the 
State  or  Nation. 

Vol.  XII  SEPTEMBER,    1917  No.  3 











Published   by   aoxtbority   of  tbe   State 


This  volume  is  now  ready  for  distribution  and  is  a  continuation 
of  the  Proceedings  of  the  General  Assembly.  It  includes  the  Journals 
and  Acts  of  the  sessions  held  from  May,  1730  to  August,  1732,  and 
is  edited  by  Bernard  C.  Steiner,  Ph.  D.  The  recent  recovery  of  the 
manuscript  volumes  of  Laws  from  1711  to  1776,  enables  the  editor 
to  print,  for  the  first  time,  the  private  laws  passed  at  these  sessions. 
The  printed  Session  Laws  included  only  the  public  laws.  A  few 
miscellaneous  documents  relating  to  the  period  covered  by  the  vol- 
ume are  printed  as  an  appendix.  The  two  indices  formerly  compiled 
have  been  replaced  by  a  consolidated  one,  which  makes  search  for 
any  subject  easier.  The  early  part  of  this  volume  covers  the  latter 
part  of  the  gubernatorial  administration  of  that  pathetic  scholar, 
Benedict  Leonard  Calvert,  brother  of  Charles,  fifth  Lord  Baltimore; 
and  the  latter  portion  of  the  book  treats  of  the  beginning  of  the 
long  governorship  of  Samuel  Ogle.  The  tobacco  industry  was  in  a 
languishing  condition  and  considerable  attention  was  given  it,  in 
the  hope  of  securing  better  prices  for  Maryland  tobacco.  The  long- 
drawn-out  discussion  over  the  proper  form  of  the  oath  to  be  taken 
by  judges  finally  resulted  in  a  compromise  between  Proprietary  and 
Provincials  as  to  such  wording.  The  condition  and  treatment  of 
insolvent  debtors  continued  to  be  a  blot  upon  the  record  of  the 
Province  and  a  considerable  number  of  private  acts  were  passed  for 
the  relief  of  some  of  these  unfortunate  men.  An  assize  bill,  regu- 
lating proceedings  of  the  County  Courts,  was  passed.  A  long-stand- 
ing attempt  to  authorize  the  issue  of  bills  of  credit  finally  succeeded 
and  the  paper  money  was  guarded  by  such  a  sinking  fund  as  to  be 
fully  redeemed  when  it  was  due.  Manufactures  of  iron  and  linen 
were  encouraged.  An  unsuccessful  effort  was  made  to  have  the 
militia  receive  more  efficient  training.  Several  towns,  among  them 
Salisbury,  were  incorporated,  and  the  Church  for  St.  Paul's  Parish 
in  Baltimore  County  was  removed  from  Colgate's  Creek  to  Baltimore 
Town.  Defects  in  the  title  of  certain  tracts  of  land  were  cured  and 
the  "  preservation  of  the  breed  of  wild  deer  "  received  attention  from 
the  legislators.  Especial  features  of  interest  are  the  Journal  of  the 
Committee  of  Accounts  for  1730,  showing  the  details  of  the  Provin- 
cial expenses,  and  the  yea  and  nay  votes  recorded  in  the  Proceedings 
of  the  Session  of  1732,  from  which  we  learn  how  the  members  of  the 
Lower  House  voted  in  any  division  upon  questions  coming  before 
them  for  determination. 

The  attention  of  members  of  the  Society  who  do  not  now  receive  the 
Archives  is  called  to  the  liberal  provision  made  by  the  Legislature, 
which  permits  the  Society  to  furnish  to  its  own  members  copies  of 
the  volumes,  as  they  are  published  from  year  to  year,  at  the  mere 
cost  of  paper,  press  work  and  binding.  This  cost  is  at  present  fixed 
at  one  dollar,  at  which  price  members  of  the  Society  may  obtain  one 
copy  of  each  volume  published  during  the  period  of  their  membership. 
For  additional  copies,  and  for  volumes  published  before  they  became 
members,  the  regular  price  of  three  dollars  is  charged. 









Corresponding  Secretary, 


Recording   Secretary, 





The  Geneeai,  Officers 








GEORGE  PEABODY, Gift,     .     . 

J.  HENRY  STICKNEY, Bequest    . 

ISAAC    F.    NICHOLSON,      ....    Gift,     .     \ 

MENDES   COHEN, Bequest, 




Gift  of  the  H.  Irvine  Keyser  Memorial  Building 



"  I  give  and  bequeath  to  The  Maryland  Historical  Society  the 
sum  of dollars" 


Men   of  Maryland   Specially   Honored   by   the   State   or  the 

United    States, -        -        -        -        201 

"  Two  Indian  Arrows  of  Those  Parts."     Lawrence  C.  Wroth,     -        253 

Proceedings  of  the  Committee  of  Observation  for  Elizabeth 

Town  District.     From  mss.  in  Possession  of  the  Society,     -        261 

Extracts  from  the  Carroll  Papers.     From  mss.  in  Possession  of 

the  Society, 276 

Committee  on  Publications 

SAMUEL   K.    DENNIS,   Chairman. 



Vol.  XII.  SEPTEMBER,  1917.  No.  3. 


Aechee,  James  J.,  -1864. 

Captain  of  Infantry,  Feb.  23,  1847;  voltigeurs,  April  9, 
1847;  brevet  Major,  Sept.  13,  1847,  for  gallant  and  meritorious 
conduct  in  the  battle  of  Cbapultepec,  Mexico ;  honorably  mus- 
tered out,  Aug.  31,  1848 ;  captain  9th  infantry,  March  3,  1855 ; 
resigned  May  14,  1861 ;  brigadier-general  C.  S.  A.  1861 ;  died 
Oct.  24,  1864. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  Legislature  for  gallant  conduct  in  our 
recent  brilliant  and  successful  struggle  with  Mexico."  [Res. 
18,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Aechee>  Robeet  Haeeis,  -1878. 

Second  lieutenant  of  infantry,  March  4,  1847;  voltigeurs, 
April  9,  1847 ;  honorably  mustered  out,  Aug.  31,  1848 ;  Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel 55th  Va.  inf.  C.  S.  A.  1861-1865;  died  March 
10,  1878. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  for  in- 
trepid and  gallant  conduct  in  all  the  battles  of  the  Valley  of 
Mexico."     [Res.  79,  Acts  of  1849.] 

*  Compiled  by  Col.  Charles  Chaille-Long,  and  largely  supplemented  by 
the  Editor. 


202  maryland  historical  magazine. 

Bowie,  Oden.  1826-1894. 

Born,  Prince  George's  co.  Md.,  Nov.  10,  1826 ;  second  lieu- 
tenant in  Maryland  and  D.  C.  battalion  of  infantry;  commis- 
sioned captain  of  voltigeurs ;  member  House  of  Delegates,  1849 ; 
Governor  of  Maryland,  1869-1872;  died,  December  4,  1894. 

^  "  The  thanks  of  his  native  State  for  distinguished  gallantry 
displayed  during  the  three  days'  siege  of  Monterey."  [Bes.  43, 
Acts  of  1847.] 

Bowie,  Robert,  1749-1818. 

Born  in  Prince  George's  county  in  1749;  Captain  2d  bat- 
talion of  Maryland  flying  artillery,  1776 ;,  wounded  at  battle  of 
White  Plains;  Member  of  Legislature,  1785-6,  1788-90  and 
1801-03;  Governor  of  Maryland,  1803-1806;  and  again  in 
1811-13 ;  died,  January  8,  1818. 

The  Legislature  of  1906,  by  Chapter  504  of  the  Acts  of  that 
session,  appropriated  six  hundred  dollars  for  a  portrait  of  Gov- 
ernor Bowie,  to  be  placed  in  the  State  House. 

Buchanan,,  Franklin,  c.  1800-1874. 

Born  Baltimore,  Md.,  Sept.  17,  1800 ;  appointed  Midship- 
man, U.  S.  E".,  Jan.  28,  1815 ;  Lieut.  Jan.  13,  1825 ;  master- 
commandant,  Sept.  8,  1841 ;  first  Superintendent  of  the  Naval 
Academy,  1845-7 ;  Captain,  Sept.  14,  1855 ;  resigned  April  19, 
1861,  but  finding  that  Maryland  did  not  secede,  he  petitioned 
to  be  re-instated ;  was  refused ;  entered  the  Confederate  service 
and  superintended  the  fitting  out  of  the  "Merrimack,"  which  he 
commanded  in  the  attack  on  the  U.  S.  fleet  in  Hampton  Roads, 
and  was  so  severely  wounded  as  to  be  obliged  to  relinquish  his 
command;  he  was  in  command  when  Gen.  Wool  occupied  Nor- 
folk, and  blew  up  his  ship  to  save  her  from  capture;  made  a 
rear-admiral;  commanded  the  iron-clad  "Tennessee"  in  Mobile 
Bay,  Aug.,  1864,  where  he  was  defeated  by  Admiral  Farragut, 
and  taken  prisoner ;  President  Maryland  Agricultural  College ; 
died,  Talbot  county,  May  11,  1874. 

"  Whereas  responsive  to  an  order  of  the  Senate,  of  the  seventh 
day  of  January,  eighteen  hundred  and  fifty,  calling  for  copies 


of  letters  on  the  file  in  the  Navy  Department,  at  Washington, 
relative  to  the  gallant  and  meritorious  conduct  of  Commander 
Franklin  Buchanan,  and  Surgeon  Mnian  Pinckney,  of  the 
United  States  Navy,  in  the  late  Mexican  war." 

"  And  whereas  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  are  satis- 
fied, from  these  testimonials,  and  other  high  sources  of  infor- 
mation, of  the  gallant  and  meritorious  conduct  of  those  officers 
in  their  official  position — Therefore, 

"Resolved  unanimously  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Mary- 
land, That  the  State  of  Maryland  entertains  a  just  appreciation 
of  the  gallant  and  meritorious  conduct  of  the  above  named  offi- 
cers, in  the  late  Mexican  war,  and  that  the  thanks  of  the  State 
of  Maryland  be  and  they  are  hereby  tendered  to  them  for  said 

"  Resolved  that  the  Governor  be  respectfully  requested  to  for- 
ward copies  of  these  resolutions  to  each  of  the  above  named 
officers."     [Ees.  95,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Buchanan,  Robert  Christie,  -1878. 

Cadet,  U.  S.  Military  Academy,  July  1,  1826 ;  brevet  lieu- 
tenant and  second  lieutenant,  July,  1830 ;  Major,  Feb.  3,  1855  ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel,  Sept.  9,  1861;  Brigadier-General  of  volun- 
teers, 'Nov.  29,  1862;  retired  Dec.  31,  1870.  Brevet  Major 
May  9,  1846  for  gallant  and  distinguished  services  in  the  bat- 
tles of  Palo  Alto  and  Resaca  de  la  Palma,  Texas ;  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Sept.  8,  1847  for  gallant  and  meritorious  conduct  at 
the  battle  of  Molino  del  Bey,  Mexico;  Colonel,  June  27,  1862, 
for  gallant  and  meritorious  services  at  the  battle  of  Gaines  Mill, 
Ya. ;  Brigadier-General  March  13,  1865,. for  gallant  and  meri- 
torious services  at  the  Battle  of  Malvern  Hill,  and  Major- 
General  for  gallant  and  distinguished  services  at  the  battle  of 
Manassas  and  Fredericksburg,  Va. ;  died  Nov.  29,  1878. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  Legislature  are  due  to  Lieut.  Robert  C. 
Buchanan,  a  native  of  this  State,  for  his  services  in  the  Black 
Hawk  and  Florida  wars."     [Res.  21,  Acts  of  1853.] 

Bush,  William  S.,  -1812. 

Second  Lieutenant,  TJ.  S.  M.  C,  3  July,  1809 ;  First  Lieu- 
tenant, 4  March,  1811 ;  killed  in  action,  19  August,  1812. 


"  Whereas ,  It  is  not  only  a  generous  and  noble,  but  also  a  wise 
policy  in  us,  as  a  free  and  republican  government,  to  distinguish 
with  our  highest  approbation,  expressed  in  the  most  pointed  and 
emphatic  manner,  such  of  our  citizens  as  evince  by  their  actions 
a  particular  devotion  to  the  common  weal,  so  that  all  may  be 
stimulated  to  virtuous  actions,  conscious  that  if  it  is  deserved 
they  will  experience  the  gratitude  of  their  country;  and  thus 
an  holy  emulation  will  be  excited  amongst  us,  in  performing 
such  deeds  both  in  war  and  in  peace,  as  will  tend  to  preserve 
the  liberties  we  now  enjoy,  and  perpetuate  the  blessings  derived 
from  our  independence;,  and  whereas,  also,  if  any  of  our  citi- 
zens fall  in  battle,  lighting  in  the  cause  of  his  country,  leaving 
behind  a  name  endeared  to  us  by  the  recollection  of  his  virtues, 
his  bravery,  and  his  devotion  to  the  liberties  of  the  republic, 
it  behooves  us  in  the  spirit  of  the  same  policy,  to  shew,  in  the 
most  public  and  pointed  manner,  our  respect  for  that  citizen, 
our  regret  for  his  loss  and  our  gratitude  for  his  services ;.  and 
whereas,  William  S.  Bush,  late  a  citizen  of  this  state,  and  a 
Lieutenant  in  the  marine  corps  of  the  United  States,  in  the  late 
action  between  The  Constitution,  one  of  our  frigates,  and 
The  Guerriere,  an  enemy,  and  English  frigate,  fell  fighting  in 
the  most  gallant  and  heroic  manner,  the  battles  of  his  country, 
and  in  her  cause, 

"  Therefore,  'Resolved,  That  to  shew  the  respect  to  his  mem- 
ory which  we  feel,  and  which  it  deserves ;  and  to  evince  the  high 
regard  which  this  Legislature  entertains  for  bravery  and  patriot- 
ism, such  as  he  displayed ;  its  gratitude  for  his  services  and  re- 
gret for  his  loss,  the  governor  and  council  of  this  state  be,  and 
they  are  hereby  directed,  to  purchase  an  appropriate  golden, 
medal,  which  they  shall  present,  in  the  name  of  this  state  to  the 
nearest  surviving  male  relation  of  the  said  Lieutenant  William 
S.  Bush. 

"  Resolved  also,  That  the  Treasurer  of  the  Western  shore  pay 
out  of  any  unappropriated  money  in  the  Treasury,  a  sum  not 
exceeding  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  to  the  order  of  the 
Governor  and  Council,  so  that  the  object  of  these  resolutions 
may  be  carried  into  effect."  [Kesolution  No.  8,  Nov.  Sess., 

"  .  .  .  .  and  the  President  is  also  requested  to  present  a  sil- 
ver medal,  with  like  emblems  and  devices,  to  the  nearest  male 
relative  of  Lieutenant  Bush,  and  one  to  the  nearest  male  relative 
of  Lieutenant  Funk,  in  testimony  of  the  gallantry  and  merit 


of  those  deceased  officers,  in  whom  their  country  has  sustained 
a  loss  much  to  be  regretted."  [Resolution  of  Congress,  Ap- 
proved January  29,  1813.] 

This  medal  was  similar  to  the  Hull  medal,  Loubat,  "No.  25, 
pi.  XXVI. 

Carroll,  Charles  of  Carrollton,  1737-1832. 

"  The  Genera]  Assembly  of  Maryland,  apprized  of  the  death 
of  the  venerated  Charles  Carroll  of  Carrollton,  would  at  the 
close  of  a  career  of  such  distinguished  patriotism  and  private 
worth,  solemnly  record  their  sentiment  of  his  impressive  merits, 
and  offer  every  tribute  of  reverence  for  those  excellencies  which 
have  proved  themselves  to  Maryland,  in  permanent  benefits; 
strengthened  the  Councils  of  the  Fathers  of  our  Freedom,  and 
mingled  in  the  lustre  of  our  revolutionary  renown :  Be  it  there- 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  we 
cherish  for  the  memory  of  Charles  Carroll,  of  Carrollton,  the 
deepest  respect ;  indulging  with  pride  the  reflection  that  Mary- 
land, to  whose  dignity  and  advantage  were  devoted  his  zealous 
and  accomplished  mind,  and  the  energy  and  weight  of  his  pure 
character,  was  the  land  of  his  birth  and  the  home  of  his  long 
and  interesting  life. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  resolute  patriotism  of  Charles  Carroll, 
when  at  the  hazard  of  his  brilliant  private  interests  he  dedicated 
himself  to  the  cause  of  American  Independence,  consecrates  his 
life  among  the  memorials  of  civil  heroism,  to  adorn  and  enforce 
the  history  of  human  liberty ; — that  this  patriotic  sacrifice,  and 
the  continued  and  cogent  efforts  of  his  mind,  and  all  his  earnest 
labours  in  advancing  the  consummation  of  our  Independence, 
in  awakening  the  people  of  Maryland  to  the  sense  of  their  rights, 
and  their  power,  and  in  sustaining  their  ardour  in  their  vindi- 
cation through  the  crisis  of  our  revolution,  command  our  ad- 
miration and  our  gratitude. 

"  Resolved,  That  permanently  to  indicate  to  posterity  a  noble 
model  of  public  spirit,  and  to  keep  alive  to  future  ages  of  the 
Republic,  the  image  of  a  useful  life  and  a  glorious  example; 
the  Governor  be  and  he  is  hereby  requested  to  procure  to  be 
painted  a  full  length  likeness  of  the  departed  Charles  Carroll 
of  Carrollton,  to  be  placed  in  the  Senate  Chamber ;  the  scene  of 
his  legislative  labours ;  the  theatre  of  that  body,  whose  peculiar 


Constitution  lie  framed,  and  the  site  of  the  sublime  surrender 
of  military  authority,  by  the  Father  of  our  Country,  with  whose 
honours  the  deserts  of  Carroll  are  entwined. 

"  Resolved,  That  in  testimony  of  the  respect  we  have  ex- 
pressed for  the  deceased;  the  members  of  the  Assembly  wear 
badges  of  mourning  for  the  remainder  of  this  session ;  and  that 
the  Council  and  Senate  Chambers,  and  Hall  of  the  House  of 
Delegates,  be  hung  with  mourning  for  the  same  period. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor  be,  and  he  is  hereby  requested 
to  transmit  to  the  family  of  the  deceased,  copies  of  these  reso- 
lutions."     [Eesolution  No.  90,  Acts  of  1832.] 

Chaille-Long,  Charles. 

Charles  Chaille-Long,  soldier,  lawyer,  explorer,  diplomat  and 
author,  born,  Princess  Anne,  Somerset  County,  Maryland,  July 
2,  1842,  son  of  Littleton  Long  of  Chaille  and  Anne  Mitchell 
Costen,  educated,  Washington  Academy,  Maryland,  1860,  Col- 
lumbia  law  school,  New  York,  LL.  B.,  1880,  State  guards  1861. 
1st  E.  S.  Maryland  infantry  regiment,  U.  S.  V.,  October  2, 
1862,  served  in  all  non-commissioned  grades,  promoted  from 
first  sergeant  to  captain  of  company  G,  11th  Maryland  veteran 
infantry,  U.  S.  V.,  1864,  participated  in  the  campaigns  of  the 
two  regiments,  with  12th  corps  at  Gettysburg,  and  Harper's 
Ferry,  with  General  Ord  in  the  defence  of  Washington,  with 
General  Schoepf,  at  Fort  Delaware.  Mustered  out  of  service 
with  regiment  conclusion  of  war,  June  15,  1865. 

Lieutenant-colonel  Egyptian  army,  December,  1869 ;  Chief 
of  Staff  of  General  in  Chief,  Egyptian  army;  Professor  of 
French  military  school  Abbassieh;  reconnoissance  and  con- 
struction of  works  at  Tel-el-Kebir  for  defence  of  Cairo,  1870; 
Chief  of  Staff  1st  division  infantry  at  Alexandria,  1871-72; 
Chief  of  the  1st,  2d,  and  3d  sections  of  the  General  Staff,  Cairo, 

Chief  of  Staff  to  General  Charles  G.Gprdon,  Governor-General 
of  the  Equatorial  Provinces  of  Egypt,  1874-77 ;  Mission  to  M'tesa, 
King  of  Uganda,  April,  1874;  executed  treaty  annexing  Ugan- 
da to  Egypt,  July  19,  1874;  navigated  unknown  Nile,  discov- 
ered Lake  Ibrahim,   thus  completing   Speke's  discovery   and 



solving  finally  the  problem  of  the  Nile  sources ;  wounded,  fight 
M'ruli,  August  17,  1874;  cited  in  general  orders  to  army,  No- 
vember 16,  1874  ("  brilliant  fait  d'armes  and  success  of  mis- 
sion "),  promoted  colonel  and  bey  in  regular  army  and  decorated 
cross  commander  of  Medjidieh.  Campaigns,  frontiers  of 
Egypt  extended  south  to  the  equator;  conquest  and  occupation 
of  the  Niam-Niam  country  west ;  expedition  and  occupation  of 
the  Juba  and  Kismayu  in  the  Indian  Ocean  east.  Retired  on 
account  of  disease  contracted  in  service;  returned  to  United 
States,  August  31,  1877.  Inscribed  Columbia  law  school,  1878, 
graduated  LL.  B.,  class  '80,  admitted  to  practice  courts  of  New 
York.  United  States  Consul  General  and  Secretary  of  Lega- 
tion to  Corea,  1887-89;  explored  Quelpaert  island,  1888. 

Author,  "  Central  Africa  Naked  Truths  of  Naked  People/' 
London  and  New  York,  1876;  UAfrique  Centrale,  Paris, 
1877;  "The  Three  Prophets,"  New  York,  1884;  Les  Sources 
du  Nil,  Rouen,  1891 ;  L'Egypte  et  ses  Provinces  Per  dues,  Paris, 
1892 ;  La  Coree  ou  Chosen  La  Terre  du  Calme  Matinal,  Paris, 
1894;  Les  Combatants  Frangais  de  la  Guerre  Americaine,  1778- 
83,  French  and  English  text  with  index  Senate  Document  77, 
Government  Printing  Office,  Washington,  D.  C,  1905 ;  "  My 
Life  in  Two  Continents,"  London,  1912. 

Distinctions:  Cross  of  Chevalier  of  the  Legion  d'Honneur, 
"  exceptional  services  to  France  " ;  Commandeur  Cross  Med- 
jidieh and  Cross  Osmanieh,  "  exceptional  services  to  Egypt " ; 
letters  of  thanks  from  the  State  Department  in  1882  and  in 
1888,  "  exceptional  services  to  the  United  States  in  Egypt  and 
in  Corea"  ;  Honorary  member,  Societes  de  Geographie  du 
Caire;  Normande  de  Geographie  de  Rouen,  de  VInstitut  Egyp- 
tien;  corresponding  member,  Societes  de  Geographie  de  Paris, 
Bordeaux,  Africana  d' Italia,  New  York,  Maryland  Historical 
Society,  etc.  February  15,  1910,  awarded  gold  medal,  Ameri- 
can Geographical  Society  of  New  York  for  the  final  solution 
of  the  Nile  Source  problem.     Died,  March  24,  1917. 

The  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  January  Session,  1904 
(Laws  of  Maryland,  1904,  chap.  3,  page  1270),  passed  unani- 
mously the  following  resolution: 


"  Resolved,  By  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  that 
thanks  of  the  Assembly  are  hereby  tendered  to  Colonel  Cha 
Chaille-Long,  native  of  Maryland,  for  his  services  to  science 
the  prominent  part  taken  in  the  final  solution  of  the  prob. 
of  the  Nile  sources;  for  his  gallant  conduct  when  attacked 
savage  tribes  in  Africa  and  particularly  in  the  affair  "  M'ru 
in  which  he  was  wounded ;,  all  of  which  achievements  were  re< 
nized  by  promotion,  decoration  and  a  general  order  by  the  Eg 
tian  Government  published  to  the  army.  Also  for  his  coun 
devotion  and  abnegation  in  accepting  the  unremunerative  cha 
of  the  United  States  Consulate  in  Alexandria,  Egypt,  in  15 
when  abandoned  by  its  titular  agents  in  a  moment  of  peril ; 
his  splendid  services  rendered  in  the  interest  of  humanity  w' 
Alexandria  was  bombarded  and  burned  and  when  hundreds  vv 
saved  from  massacre,  including  the  Khedive's  family  and  co- 
and  when  the  consulate  archives  and  city  of  Alexandria  vv 
saved  from  entire  destruction.     Be  it  further, 

"  Resolved,  That  in  testimony  of  his  distinguished  serv 
in  Africa  and  at  Alexandria,  the  Governor  is  hereby  authori 
and  required  to  have  made  a  gold  medal  of  the  size  of  one  sil 
half-dollar  with  appropriate  device  and  motto,  also  a  copy 
these  resolutions  properly  inscribed,  and  cause  the  same  to 
presented  to  Colonel  Charles  Chaille-Long  in  testimony  of 
high  sense  of  his  services  entertained  by  the  General  Assem 
of  the  State  of  Maryland." 

Chase,  Samuel,  1741-1811. 

Born  in  Somerset  county,  April  17,  1741 ;  studied  law  j 
practiced  in  Annapolis;  member  of  the  General  Asseml 
1764-1784;  sat  in  the  Continental  Congress,  1774,  and  was 
elected  in  1776 ;  sent  on  a  special  mission  to  Canada  in  17 
to  induce  the  Canadians  to  join  in  the  revolution  against  Gi 
Britain;  signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence;  went 
England  in  1783  as  agent  for  the  state  of  Maryland,  to  reco 
the  stock  in  the  Bank  of  England  which  the  state  had  purcha 
when  a  British  colony ;  removed  to  Baltimore  in  1786 ;  ju 
of  Baltimore  criminal  court  in  1788 ;  appointed  Judge  of 
General  Court  in  1791  and  in  1796  appointed  by  Washing 
an  associate  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court ;  impeached  in  li 
on  charges  of  malfeasance  in  office  &ve  years  previous,  tried 


the  Senate  in  1805,  and  acquitted  of  all  charges  March  5,  1805  ; 
resumed  his  seat  upon  the  bench,  and  retained  it  until  his 
death  in  Washington,  D.  C,  June  19,  1811. 

"  The  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  deeply  impressed  with 
a  sense  of  gratitude  for  the  distinguished  patriotism,  the  pri- 
vate virtues,  and  the  personal  sacrifices  of  those  illustrious 
statesmen,  who,  by  their  meritorious  services,  have  eminently 
contributed  to  secure  to  us  the  proud  inheritance  of  freedom, 
by  affixing  their  names  to  that  immortal  charter  of  human 
liberty,  the  Declaration  of  Independance ;  and,  animated  by  a 
further  view  to  indicate  to  posterity,  in  a  manner  the  most 
striking  and  permanent,  noble  models  of  patriotic  devotion  to 
our  common  country,  by  perpetuating  the  memory  of  men  who 
have  largely  contributed  to  awaken  the  people  of  this  State  to 
a  just  estimate  of  their  inherent  privileges,  and  to  sustain  their 
ardor  in  the  successful  vindication  of  the  rights  of  man,  have 
already  placed  in  the  Senate  Chamber  a  full  length  likeness  of 
one  of  the  revolutionary  sons  of  Maryland,  and  deeming  it 
right  and  proper,  that  those  who  in  life  were  zealously  associ- 
ated in  the  great  cause  of  human  liberty  should  be  equally 
proposed  to  the  imitation  of  posterity ;  Be  it  Therefore, 

"Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
Governor  be,  and  he  is  hereby  requested  to  procure  to  be  paint- 
ed, by  a  native  artist  of  this  State,  a  full  length  likeness  of 
Samuel  Chase,  William  Paca,  and  Thomas  Stone,  and  place 
them  in  such  part  of  the  State  House,  as  in  the  opinion  of  his 
Excellency,  may  be  best  calculated  to  promote  the  object  of  this 
resolution;  Provided,  that  the  cost  of  neither  one  shall  exceed 
three  hundred  dollars."     [Eesolution,  ISTo.  89,  Acts  of  1834.] 

Claxton,  Thomas,  Jr.,  -1813. 

Appointed  Midshipman,  17  December,  1810 ;  killed  in  action, 
10  September,  1813. 

"Resolved,  That  the  President  of  the  United  States  be  re- 
quested to  present  a  silver  medal,  with  like  emblems  and  devices 
[i.  e.  the  Perry  Medal,  Loubat,  xxxii]  to  the  nearest  male  re- 
lative of  Lieutenant  John  Brooks,  of  the  marines,  and  a  sword 
to  the  nearest  male  relatives  of  Midshipmen  Henry  Lamb  and 
Thomas  Claxton,  Jr.,  and  to  communicate  to  them  the  deep 
regret  which  Congress  feel  for  the  loss  of  those  gallant  men, 


whose  names  ought  to  live  in  the  recollection  and  affection  of 
a  grateful  country,  and  whose  conduct  ought  to  he  regarded  as 
an  example  to  future  generations."     [Approved  Jan.  6,  1814.] 

Contee,  John. 

Appointed  2nd  Lieut.  Marine  Corps,  17  April,  1812;  1st 
Lieut.  24  July,  1812 ;  resigned,  15  Sept.,  1813. 

"  Resolved  unanimously,  That  the  General  Assembly  of  Mary- 
land entertain  a  high  sense  of  the  gallantry  of  John  Contee, 
a  native  of  this  state,  formerly  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Marine 
Corps  of  the  United  States,  and  who  participated  in  two  bril- 
liant and  well  fought  actions  during  the  late  war,  both  of  which 
terminated  in  glorious  victory,  viz :  the  action  between  the  Con- 
stitution and  Guerriere,  and  the  action  between  the  Constitution 
and  Java. 

''Resolved  unanimously,  That  the  Governor  be,  and  he  is 
hereby  authorized  and  required  to  procure  and  present  to  John 
Contee,  Esq.,  a  sword,  in  testimony  of  the  high  sense  of  appro- 
bation the  Legislature  entertains  of  his  gallant  conduct  in  the 
late  war,  and  the  Governor  is  hereby  authorized  to  draw  upon 
the  Treasurer  of  the  Western  Shore  for  such  sum  as  he  may 
deem  necessary  to  carry  into  effect  this  resolution."  [Resolu- 
tion 10,  Acts  of  1829.] 

Contee,  John. 

Midshipman,  27  Oct.,  1832;  Lieutenant,  14  Feb.,  1843;  re- 
signed, 9  Jan.,  1854. 

'  Whereas,  Lieut.  John  Contee,  of  the  United  States  Navy, 
a  native  of  Prince  George's  county,  in  this  State,  having  dis- 
tinguished himself  by  his  gallantry  and  intrepidity  at  the  at- 
tack on  Alvarado  and  Tobasco,  as  well  as  in  the  naval  opera- 
tions up  the  Tobasco  river,  and  in  the  occupation  of  Tampico, 
Laguna  and  Frontera — Therefore, 

"  Be  it  resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That 
the  thanks  and  congratulations  of  the  legislature  of  his  native 
state,  be  and  the  same  are  hereby  tendered  to  Lieutenant  John 
Contee,  United  States  Navy,  for  his  gallant  conduct  during 
the  present  war  with  Mexico. 

"  Resolved,  That  His  Excellency  the  Governor  be  requested 
to  transmit  a  copy  of  this  preamble  and  resolutions  to  Lieuten- 
ant Contee.''      [Eesolution  No.  83,  Acts  of  1847.] 


Cross,  Alexander  H.,  -1869. 

First  Lieutenant  of  Infantry,  Feb.  24,  1847;  voltigeurs, 
April  9,  1847;  honorably  mustered  out,  Aug.  31,  1848;  First 
Lieutenant,  2nd  Cavalry,  March,  1855 ;  appointed  to  expedi- 
tion, May  1,  1856;  died,  1869. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  are  tendered  to  Lieut. 
Alexander  EL  Cross  for  intrepid  and  gallant  conduct  in  all  the 
battles  of  the  Valley  of  Mexico."  [Eesolution  No.  79,  Acts  of 

Cross,  Joseph,  -1834. 

Appointed  Midshipman,  9  June,  1811 ;  Lieutenant,  27  April, 
1816;  died  10  February,  1834. 

"  Resolved  unanimously,  That  the  General  Assembly  of  Mary- 
land, entertain  a  high  sense  of  the  gallantry  of  Joseph  Cross,  a 
native  of  this  State,  a  lieutenant  in  the  navy  of  the  United 
States,  and  who  participated  in  three  brilliant  and  well  fought 
actions  during  the  late  war,  all  of  which  terminated  in  glorious 
victory,  viz:  the  action  between  the  Constitution  and  Guerriere; 
the  action  between  the  Constitution  and  Java;  and  the  action 
between  the  Constitution  and  Cyanne  and  Levant,  and  is  now 
an  officer  of  high  distinction,  on  board  the  frigate  Brandy  wine. 

"  Resolved  unanimously,  That  the  Governor  be,  and  he  is 
hereby  authorized  and  required,  to  procure  and  present  to  Lieu- 
tenant Joseph  Cross,  a  sword,  in  testimony  of  the  high  sense  of 
approbation  the  legislature  entertain  of  his  gallant  conduct  in 
the  late  war;  and  the  Governor  is  hereby  authorized  to  draw 
upon  the  treasurer  of  the  Western  Shore  for  such  sum  as  he 
may  deem  necessary,  to  carry  into  effect,  this  resolution." 
[Eesolution  Eo.  64,  Acts  of  1827.] 

Cross,  Trueman,  -1846. 

Born  in  Maryland;  Ensign  42 d  Infantry,  27  April,  1814; 
2d  Lieut.  1  October,  1814;  transferred  to  1st  infantry,  17  May, 
1815 ;  1st  Lieut.  2  January,  1818 ;  Captain,  27  September, 
1819 ;  Colonel  Asst.  Quartermaster  Genl.,  7  July,  1838 ;  killed 
April  21,  1846,  by  Mexicans,  near  the  present  Fort  Brown, 


"  Resolved,  That  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  re 
with  melancholy  pleasure,  their  profound  sensibility  of  the 
which  this  state  has  sustained  in  the  death  of  Colonel  Tru( 
Cross,  of  Major  Samuel  Ringgold,  of  Colonel  William  H. 
son,  of  Major  William  Lear,  of  Captain  Kandolph  Kidgel 
Passed  Midshipman  John  Ringgold  Hynson,   and  her 
brave  sons  who  have  fallen  in  our  conflict  with  Mexico; 
that  while  as  Americans,  we  cordially  unite  in  the  national 
ute  of  admiration  so  justly  and  enthusiastically  paid  to 
memory;  yet  as  Marylanders,  we  feel  entitled  to  cherish 
peculiar  pride,  the  honor  which,  from  the  ashes  of  the  dea< 
been  gathered  to  her  name. 

"  Resolved,  That  in  thus  expressing  our  profound  respec 
the  memory  of  the  dead,  we  should  do  violence  to  our  fee 
and  to  justice,  were  we  unmindful  of  those  whose  swords,  th 
not  entwined  with  cypress,  yet  won  for  them  a  meed  of  £ 
such  as  reflects  honor  on  the  name  of  Maryland,  and  si 
a  proud  trophy  of  the  intrepid  valor,  the  cool  discipline, 
the  untiring  ardor  of  the  gallant  men — Regulars  and  V 
teers — who  followed  their  bold  leaders  to  desperate  and  bri' 

"  Resolved,  That  this  General  Assembly  take  great  pri< 
commending  the  gallantry  of  the  Maryland  battalion,  ai 
returning  their  thanks  to  them  for  the  aid  they  have  contril 
to  the  brilliant  victory  of  Monterey,  exhort  them,  by  the  , 
ous  recollections  which  cluster  around  the  name  of  the  Old  J 
land  Line,  to  believe  the  ancient  renown  of  Maryland  is 
mitted  to  their  keeping,  and  that  their  fellow  citizens  at 
look  to  them  with  undoubting  confidence  to  preserve  that  re 

"  Resolved,  That  his  Excellency  the  Governor  be  requ 
to  transmit  a  copy  of  these  resolutions  to  the  commanding  c 
of  the  Maryland  battalion,  to  be  by  him  read  to  the  officers 
men,  as  a  slight  token  of  that  high  respect  and  pride  with  t> 
their  fellow  citizens  of  Maryland  regard  their  indomitabh 
lantry  and  courage."     [Resolution  ~No.  5,  Acts  of  1846.] 

Davis,  John,  -1808. 

Midshipman,  7  November,  1801 ;  Lieutenant,  26  M; 
1807;  died  12  January,  1808. 

"  Whereas,  this  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  viewing 
sensations  of  the  greatest  pleasure  the  brave  and  gallant  con 


of  Charles  Gordon,  John  Trippe  and  John  Davis,  in  the  several 
attacks  on  the  enemy's  gun-boats  off  Tripoli,  whereby  they 
secured  to  themselves  immortal  glory,  and  gave  a  brilliant  lustre 
to  the  navy  of  the  United  States :  And  Whereas  this  legislature 
feel  an  anxious  wish  to  bear  the  most  honourable  testimony  to 
the  bravery  of  these  manly  defenders  of  their  country;  there- 
fore, Resolved,  That  the  governor  and  council  be  and  they  are 
hereby  authorized  and  required  to  procure  three  elegant  swords 
and  belts,  with  an  appropriate  engraving  and  motto,  emblem- 
atic of  the  glorious  actions  fought  off  Tripoli,  and  cause  the 
same  to  be  delivered  to  the  said  Charles  Gordon,  John  Trippe 
and  John  Davis,  in  testimony  of  the  high  sense  of  approbation 
the  legislature  of  this  state  entertain  of  their  gallant  conduct." 
[Resolution,  Nov.  Session,  1806.] 

"  Whereas,  By  a  resolution  of  the  General  Assembly  of  Mary- 
land, of  November  session  of  eighteen  hundred  and  six,  the 
Governor  and  Council  were  authorized  and  required  to  procure 
three  elegant  swords  and  belts  with  an  appropriate  engraving 
and  motto,  emblematic  of  the  glorious  actions  fought  off  Tripoli, 
and  cause  the  same  to  be  delivered  to  Charles  Gordon,  John 
Trippe,  and  John  Davis,  in  testimony  of  the  high  sense  of  appro- 
bation the  Legislature  of  this  State  entertained  of  their  gallant 
conduct;  and  whereas,  by  the  death  of  John  Davis  before  the 
resolution  could  be  fully  carried  into  effect,  the  sword  intended 
for  him  now  remains  in  the  Council  Chamber ;  Therefore, 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor  and  Council  be  and  they  are 
hereby  authorized  and  directed  to  present  to  the  nearest  surviv- 
ing male  relative  of  the  said  John  Davis,  the  sword  intended 
for  the  said  John  Davis."  [Resolution  No.  7,  Nov.  Session, 

Decatur,  James,  -1804. 

Midshipman,  21  November,  1798 ;  Lieutenant,  20  April, 
1802;  killed  in  action,  3  August,  1804. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  President  of  the  United  States  be  also 
requested  to  communicate  to  the  parents,  or  other  near  relatives 
of  ....  James  Decatur  ....  the  deep  regret  which  Con- 
gress feel  for  the  loss  of  those  gallant  men,  whose  names  ought 
to  live  in  the  recollections  and  affections  of  a  grateful  country, 
and  whose  conduct  ought  to  be  regarded  as  an  example  to  future 
generations."     [Approved  March  3,  1805.    See  Loubat  1 ;  136.] 

214  maryland  historical  magazine. 

Decatur,  Stephen,  1779-1820. 

Born,  Sinepuxent,  Md.,  5  January,  1779 ;  Midshipman,  30 
April,  1798 ;  Lieutenant,  21  May,  1799 ;  Captain,  16  February, 
1804;  killed  in  a  duel  with  Commodore  Barron  22  March, 
1820.  His  first  exploit  was  the  destruction  of  the  frigate 
Philadelphia,  in  the  harbor  of  Tripoli,  on  the  night  of  15 
February,  1804,  for  which  he  received  from  Congress  a  sword, 
a  vote  of  thanks  and  immediate  promotion.  Appointed  to  the 
command  of  the  frigate  United  States,  he  captured  the  Mace- 
donian on  October  25,  1812,  for  which  Congress  awarded  him 
a  gold  medal. 

"  That  the  President  of  the  United  States  be,  and  he  is  hereby 
requested  to  present  to  Captain  Hull  of  the  frigate  Constitution, 
Captain  Decatur  of  the  frigate  United  States,  and  Captain 
Jones  of  the  sloop  of  war  Wasp,  each  a  gold  medal  with  suitable 
emblems  and  devices;  ....  in  testimony  of  the  high  sense 
entertained  by  Congress  of  the  gallantry,  good  conduct,  and  ser- 
vices of  the  captains,  officers  and  crews  of  the  aforesaid  vessels 
in  their  respective  conflicts  with  the  British  frigates  the  Ouer- 
riere  and  the  Macedonian,  and  sloop  of  war  Frolic.  .  .  ." 
[Approved  January  29,  1813.     Loubat  No.  25,  plate  xxvi.] 

"  That  the  President  of  the  United  States  be  requested  to 
present,  in  the  name  of  Congress,  to  Captain  Stephen  Decatur, 
a  sword  ....  as  a  testimony  of  the  high  sense  entertained  by 
Congress  of  the  gallantry,  good  conduct  and  services,  of  Captain 
Decatur,  ...  in  attacking  and  destroying  a  Tripolitan  frig- 
ate, of  forty-four  guns,  late  the  United  States  frigate  Philadel- 
phia.^    ^Resolution  passed  Nov.  26,  1804.] 

Donaldson,  James  Lowry,  1814-1885. 

Born,  Baltimore,  March  17,  1814;  Cadet,  U.  S.  M.  A., 
Sept.  1,  1832;  second  lieutenant  3d  artillery,  July  1,  1836; 
Captain,  August  20,  1847;  Lieut.-Col.,  May  14,  1861;  Major- 
General,  June  20,  1865;  resigned  Jan.  1,  1874;  twice  brevetted 
during  Mexican  War  for  "  gallant  and  meritorious  conduct  % 
and  three  times  during  the  Civil  War  for  "  distinguished  and 
meritorious  service;"  died,  Nov.  4,  1885. 


"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  his  native  State  are  hereby  tendered  to  Brevet  Major 
James  Lowry  Donaldson,  of  the  United  States  Army,  for  dis- 
tinguished gallantry  displayed  during  the  wars  of  Florida  and 

"  Resolved,  That  His  Excellency  the  Governor,  be  requested 
to  transmit  to  Major  Donaldson  a  copy  of  the  foregoing  resolu- 
tion duly  authenticated."     [Resolution  No.  11,  1853.] 

Elliott,  Jesse  Duncan,  1782-1845. 

Born,  Maryland,  July  14,  1782;  educated  at  Carlisle,  Pa., 
and  studied  law;  Midshipman,  April  2,  1804;  Lieutenant,  23 
April,  1810;  Commander,  24  July,  1813;  Captain,  27  March, 
1818;  died  10  December,  1845. 

"That  the  President  of  the  United  States  be,  and  he  hereby 
is  requested  to  present  to  Lieutenant  Elliott  of  the  navy  of  the 
United  States,  an  elegant  sword,  with  suitable  emblems  and 
devices,  in  testimony  of  the  just  sense  entertained  by  Congress 
of  his  gallantry  and  good  conduct  in  boarding  and  capturing  the 
British  brigs  Detroit  and  Caledonia,  while  anchored  under  the 
protection  of  Fort  Erie."  [Resolution  of  Congress,  Approved 
January  29,  1813.] 

By  resolution  of  Congress,  approved  January  6,  1814,  a  gold 
medal  was  presented  to  Captain  Elliott,  the  obverse  of  which  is 
similar  to  the  Perry  medal.  [See  Loubat,  Vol.  i,  177  and  No. 
32,  plate  xxxiii.] 

Elzy,  Arnold,  1816-1871. 

Born,  Somerset  county,  Md.,  December  18,  1816 ;  changed 
name  from  A.  E.  Jones;  second  lieut.  2d  artillery,  1  July, 
1837;  Captain,  14  Feb.,  1849;  resigned,  25  April,  1861; 
Brevet  Captain,  20  Aug.,  1847,  for  gallant  and  meritorious 
conduct  at  Contreras  and  Churubusco;  joined  the  Confederate 
army  with  rank  of  Colonel ;  distinguished  himself  at  first  battle 
of  Bull  Run;  shot  through  the  head  at  Cold  Harbor,  which 
ended  his  active  service  in  the  field;  died  in  Baltimore,  Feb. 
22,  1871. 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  the  State  of  Maryland  are  due  and  are  hereby  pre- 


sented  to  Arnold  Elzy,  a  native  of  Somerset  county  in  this 
State,  first  lieutenant  of  the  second  regiment  of  United  States 
Artillery,  serving  in  Brigadier  General  Worth's  division  in 
Mexico,  for  his  gallantry,  bravery  and  good  conduct  displayed 
in  the  battles  at  Fort  Brown,  Vera  Cruz,  Cerro  Gordo,  and  in 
the  battles  before  the  city  of  Mexico,  in  the  year  eighteen  hun- 
dred and  forty-seven. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor  be  and  he  is  hereby  requested 
to  communicate  a  copy  of  these  resolutions  to  Lieutenant  Elzy, 
in  such  manner  as  he  may  deem  most  appropriate."  [Kesolu- 
tion  No.  75,  Acts  of  1847.] 

Emory,  William  Hemsley,  1811-1887. 

Born,  Queen  Anne  county,  September,  1811 ;  Cadet  U.  S. 
M.  A.,  July  1,  1826;  Second  Lieutenant,  July  1,  1831;  1st 
Lieut.  Top.  Engrs.,  July  7,  1838;  Lieut.-Colonel  3d  Cavalry, 
May  14,  1861;  Brig.-Genl.  Vols.,  March  17,  1862;  Maj.-Genl. 
Vols.,  Sept.  25,  1865 ;  retired  with  rank  of  Brigadier-General, 
July  1,  1876 ;  twice  breve tted  for  "  gallant  and  meritorious 
conduct "  in  the  war  with  Mexico,  and  five  times  during  the 
Civil  War;  died,  December  1,  1887. 

"  'Resolved,  unanimously  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Mary- 
land, That  the  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  are 
due  and  are  hereby  presented  to  William  H.  Emory,  a  native 
citizen  of  Maryland,  1st  Lieutenant  of  United  States  Topograph- 
ical Engineers,  and  now  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  United  States 
volunteers,  serving  with  his  regiment  in  Mexico,  i  for  his  skill, 
intelligence  and  good  conduct  exhibited  in  the  campaigns  in 
New  Mexico  and  California,  in  the  years  1846  and  1847,  and 
particularly  for  his  gallantry  displayed  in  the  battle  of  San 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor  be  and  he  is  hereby  requested 
to  communicate  a  copy  of  these  resolutions  to  Lieut.-Colonel 
Emory,  in  such  manner  as  he  may  deem  most  appropriate." 
[Resolution  No.  93,  Acts  of  1847.] 

Evans,  Amos  Alexander,  M.  D.,  1785-1884.1 

Born  near  Elkton,  Md.,  Nov.  26,  1785 ;  appointed  Assistant 

1  Extracts  from  Dr.  Evans'  Diary  are  printed   in   The  Patriotic  Mary- 
lander,  Vol.  3,  p.  177. 


Surgeon,  U.  S.  N.,  Sept.  1,  1808;  Surgeon,  April  20,  1810; 
resigned,  April  15,  1824;  died  at  Elkton,  Jan.  15,  1848. 

"  Awarded  silver  medal  by  Congress  in  recognition  of  gal- 
lantry and  good  conduct  in  action  between  tbe  Constitution 
and  Guerriere"  [Eesolution  of  Congress,  Approved  January 
29,  1813 ;  Loubat,  v.  \,  154,  plate  26.] 

"  Awarded  silver  medal  by  Congress  in  recognition  of  gal- 
lantry and  good  conduct  in  action  between  tbe  Constitution  and 
Java/3  [Resolution  of  Congress,  March  3,  1813 ;  Loubat,  v.  i> 
167,  plate  29.]  ...  [ 

Fitzhtjgh,  William  H. 

Private,  corporal  and  sergeant  1st  voltigeurs,  April  28, 
1847,  to  April  29,  1848;  2d  lieutenant  voltigeurs,  March  29, 
1848;  honorably  mustered  out  Aug.  31,  1848. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  for  in- 
trepid and  gallant  conduct  in  all  the  battles  of  the  Valley  of 
Mexico."     [Eesolution  No.  79,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Frailey,  James  Madison,  1809-1877. 

Born  in  Maryland,  May  6,  1809;  Midshipman  U.  S.  N., 
May  1,  1828 ;  Lieutenant,  Sept.  8,  1841 ;  Commander,  April 
24,  1861;  Captain,  Feb.  6,  1866;  Commodore,  March  2,  1870; 
died  Sept.  26,  1877. 

u  The  thanks  of  this  body  [General  Assembly  of  Maryland] 
are  justly  due  to  James  Madison  Frailey,  a  citizen  of  Mary- 
land, and  a  lieutenant  in  the  Navy  of  the  United  States,  for 
his  gallant  and  good  conduct  during  the  war  with  Mexico." 
[Eesolution  No.  14,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Fuchs,  Otto,  1839-1906. 

Born  in  Saltzwedel,  Prussia,  October,  1839 ;  came  to  Ameri- 
ca in  1851 ;  studied  civil  and  mechanical  engineering  in  New 
York  City;  during  the  Civil  War  he  was  a  constructor  in  the 
General  Inspector's  Office  of  iron-clad  steamships ;  professor  of 
drawing  in  Cooper  Institute;  professor  of  drawing  U.  S.  Naval 
Academy,  1865-67;  thence  he  removed  to  Boston,  where  he  en- 
tered the  service  of  a  ship  engine  builder  and  also  taught 
mechanical  drawing  in  the  Mass.  State  Normal  Art  School; 


was  elected  Director  of  the  Maryland  Institute  Schools  of  Art 
and  Design  in  1883 ;  died,  March  13,  1906. 
The  Assembly  of  1906,  by  resolution  4,  said: 

"  That  its  members  have  heard  with  the  keenest  sensibility 
the  distressing  intelligence  that  the  useful  and  honored  life  of 
Professor  Otto  Fuchs,  has  come  to  an  end.  Gifted  beyond 
the  ordinary  measure  of  human  endowments,  irreproachable  in 
point  of  character,  placed  by  his  talents  and  attainments  in  a 
situation  that  enabled  him  to  leave  a  deep  impression  upon  the 
minds  and  energies  of  many  pupils  whose  careers,  creditable 
both  to  themselves  and  the  State,  have  borne  indisputable  testi- 
mony to  the  worth  of  such  a  preceptor,  it  is  meet  that  this 
action  of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  should  enduringly 
attest  the  high  position  that  he  won  in  the  confidence  and  grati- 
tude of  the  community  whose  higher  welfare  he  did  so  much 
to  promote." 

Gallagher,  John,  -1842. 

Born  in  Maryland ;  appointed  Lieutenant  U.  S.  N.,  July  24, 
1813;  Master,  March  2,  1825;  Captain,  Dec.  22,  1835;  died, 
Wilmington,  Del.,  Nov.  1,  1842.  As  lieutenant,  he  was  at- 
tached to  the  frigate  United  States  in  the  action  with  the  Mace- 

By  resolution  of  Congress,  he  received  a  silver  medal  [the 
Decatur  medal,  Loubat  No.  25,  plate  xxvi]  q.  v.  under  Stephen 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  his 
Excellency  the  Governor  be,  and  he  is  hereby  requested  to  pro- 
cure two  suitable  swords,  appropriately  ornamented,  and  pre- 
sent one  of  them  to  Col.  Nathan  Towson,  of  the  United  States 
Army,  and  the  other  to  Capt.  John  Gallagher,  of  the  United 
States  Navy,  on  behalf  of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland, 
as  a  testimony  of  the  admiration  and  gratitude  of  this  their 
native  state,  for  their  distinguished  gallantry,  and  highly  valu- 
able services  during  the  last  war  with  Great  Britain. 

"  And  he  it  further  resolved,  That  the  Treasurer  of  the 
Western  Shore,  be  and  he  is  hereby  directed,  to  pay  to  the  order 
of  the  Governor  such  sum  as  may  be  necessary  to  carry  into 
eifect  the  aforegoing  resolution,  out  of  any  unappropriated 
money  in  the  Treasury."     [Resolution  No.  63,  Acts  of  1832.] 

men  of  maryland  specially  honored.  219 

Geisinger,  David,  -1860. 

Midshipman,  15  Nov.,  1809;  Lieutenant,  9  December,  1814; 
Commander,  11  March,  1829;  Captain,  24  May,  1838;  on  re- 
served list,  13  September,  1855 ;  died,  5  March,  1860. 

"  Resolved  unanimously,  That  the  General  Assembly  of  Mary- 
land entertain  a  high  sense  of  the  gallantry  of  David  Geisinger, 
a  native  of  this  state,  and  a  captain  in  the  E"avy  of  the  United 
States,  and  who  participated  in  two  brilliant  and  well  fought 
actions  during  the  late  war,  both  of  which  terminated  in 
glorious  victory,  viz :  the  action  between  the  United  States  ship 
Wasp,  commanded  by  the  lamented  Captain  Blakely,  and  the 
British  sloop  of  war  Reindeer,  commanded  by  Captain  Man- 
ners; and  the  action  between  the  United  States  ship  Wasp, 
commanded  by  Captain  Blakely,  and  the  British  sloop  of  war 
Avon,  commanded  by  Captain  Arbuthnot. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor  be,  and  he  is  hereby  authorized 
and  required,  to  procure  and  present  to  Captain  David  Geis- 
inger, a  sword  in  testimony  of  the  high  sense  of  approbation  the 
legislature  entertain  of  his  gallant  conduct  in  the  late  war, 
and  the  Governor  is  hereby  authorized  to  draw  on  the  Treas- 
urer of  the  Western  Shore  for  such  sum  as  he  may  deem  neces- 
sary to  carry  this  resolution  into  effect."  [Resolution  No.  9, 
Acts  of  1829.] 

Gist,  Mordecai,  1743-1792. 

Born,  Baltimore,  Md.,  in  1743 ;  was  a  merchant  at  the  break- 
ing out  of  the  Revolution;  Captain  of  first  corps  raised  in 
Maryland;  Major,  Jan.,  1776,  of  Smallwood's  battalion;  com- 
manded the  regiment  at  the  battle  of  Long  Island,  in  the  ab- 
sence of  its  Colonel  and  Lieutenant-Colonel;  promoted  to 
Colonel,  1777;  at  battle  of  Germantown;  Brigadier-General, 
Jan.,  1779;  present  at  the  surrender  of  Cornwallis;  died  at 
Charleston,  S.  C,  September  2,  1792. 

"The  thanks  of  Congress  to  Brigadier-General  Smallwood 
and  General  Gist  and  the  officers  and  soldiers  in  the  Maryland 
and  Delaware  lines,  the  different  corps  of  artillery.  Col.  Por- 
terfield  and  Major  Armstrong's  corps  of  Light  Infantry  and 
Colonel  Armand's  cavalry,  for  their  bravery  and  good  conduct 
displayed  in  the  action  of  August  16,  near  Camden,  S.  C." 
[Resolution  of  October  14, 1780.] 

220  Maryland  historical  magazine. 

Gordon,  Charles,  -1817. 

Midshipman,  24  June,  1799;  Lieutenant,  16  January,  1800; 
Commander,  25  April,  1806;  Captain,  2  March,  1813;  died, 


The  Governor  of  Maryland  was  authorized  to  present  to 
him  a  sword  with  appropriate  engraving  and  motto,  emblematic 
of  the  glorious  actions  fought  off  Tripoli,  in  testimony  of  the 
high  sense  of  approbation  the  legislature  of  this  state  enter- 
tain of  his  gallant  conduct.  [See  Resolution,  Session  of  1806, 
under  John  Davis.'] 

Gorman,  Arthur  Pue,  1839-1906. 

Born  at  Woodstock,  Howard  county,  Md.,  March  11,  1839; 
appointed  page  in  the  House  of  Representatives,  1852 ;  trans- 
ferred to  Senate;  appointed  Collector  of  Internal  Revenue  for 
5th  dist.  of  Md.,  Sept.  1,  1866 ;  member  House  of  Delegates  of 
Md.,  1869-73;  President  C.  &  O.  Canal  Co.,  1872;  State 
Senator,  1875 ;  re-elected,  1879 ;  U.  S.  Senator  from  Md.,  1881- 
1899  and  again  from  March  4,  1903  until  his  death;  died  June 
4,  1906. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory  which  recites  that  he 
had  devoted  his  life  to  the  service  of  the  State  in  a  manner 
highly  acceptable  to  the  people  of  the  State.  [Resolution  ~No. 
4,  Acts  of  1908.] 

Hicks,  Thos.  Hollyday,  1798-1865. 

Born,  Dorchester  county,  Md.,  Sept.  2,  1798;  member  of  the 
Constitutional  Convention  of  1850 ;  served  frequently  in  the 
legislature;  Governor  of  Maryland,  1858-62;  elected  U.  S. 
Senator  to  succeed  Hon.  James  Alfred  Pearce;  died,  Feb.  13, 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That 
amidst  the  bold,  insidious  and  powerful  efforts  which  have 
been  made  for  the  past  year  to  destroy  the  government  of  the 
United  States,  and  to  reduce  the  country  to  a  condition  of  moral 
and  physical  imbecility,  in  despite  of  the  traitorous  poison  of 
able  and  reckless  emissaries  from  rebellious  States,  openly  sent 
in  abuse  of  the  known  comity  of  our  people,  to  corrupt,  and 
thus  subvert  the  government  of  Maryland, — in  despite  of  the 


sample  of  States  and  Governors,  and  of  the  most  disingenu- 
ous appeals  to  sectional  prejudices;  and  in  disregard  alike  of 
he  solicitations  and  threats  of  men  of  talents,  of  influence,  and 
>f  high  social  and  political  positions,  and  of  menaces  of  personal 
nsult  and  violence — the  Governor  of  this  State,  through  the 
leepest  gloom  of  our  national  adversity,  has  stood  faithfully 
>y  the  country,  faithfully  by  his  State,  and  faithfully  by  his 
ath  and  his  official  integrity. 

"Resolved,  That  this  position  of  loyalty,  so  steadily  main- 
ained  by  Governor  Hicks,  has  averted  from  the  State  violence 
,nd  bloodshed  between  its  own  people,  and  the  occupation  of 
ts  territory  by  contending  armies,  and  the  consequent  destruc- 
ion  of  its  towns  and  country  homes,  as  well  as  the  annihilation, 
zithin  its  limits,  of  that  species  of  property,  whose  safety  was 
he  ostensible  object  of  this  rebellion. 

"  Resolved,  That  of  all  the  States  of  the  Union,  in  which  the 
ebellious  spirit  obtained  considerable  hold,  Maryland  is  the 
nly  one  whose  Governor  has  elevated  himself  to  the  lofty  stand- 
rd  of  patriotism  required  by  the  exigencies  of  the  country :  and 
bat  this  course  has  proved  not  more  honorable  to  himself  than 
eneficial  to  the  people  over  whom  he  was  called  to  preside,  the 
eplorable  condition  of  our  sister  States,  of  Virginia,  Kentucky, 
nd  Missouri  makes  mournfully  manifest. 

"Resolved,  That  had  the  Governor  followed  the  examples 
y  which  he  was  surrounded,  Maryland  would  have  had  affixed 
:>  her  name  the  burning  shame  of  having  repudiated,  without 
a'use,  that  great  constitutional  compact  to  which  she  was  bound 
y  the  most  solemn  pledges  of  our  ancestors. 

"  Resolved,  Therefore,  that  the  thanks  of  the  people  of  Mary- 
md,  and  of  this  Legislature,  are  due  and  are  hereby  cordially 
mdered  by  the  representatives  of  the  State,  in  General  Assem- 
ly  convened,  to  Governor  Thomas  H.  Hicks  for  the  manner  in 
diich  he  has  met  this  solemn  crisis  in  our  national  history. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  two  Houses  of  the  General  Assembly 
ongratulate  Governor  Hicks  that  his  term  of  office  closes  so 
onorably  to  himself  and  with  so  elevated  an  example  to  his 

"  Resolved,  That  a  copy  of  these  resolutions  signed  by  the 
'resident  of  the  Senate  and  the  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Dele- 
ates,  be  by  them  be  presented  to  Governor  Hicks."  [Kesolu- 
on  No.  19,  Acts  December  Session,  1861.  Passed  March  10, 


"  That  five  thousand  dollars  and  so  much  thereof  as  may  be 
necessary,  is  hereby  appropriated  to  procure  a  full  length  por- 
trait of  the  late  Governor  Thomas  Hollyday  Hicks,  and  the 
same  when  completed  to  be  placed  in  the  Executive  Chamber; 
and  that  the  unexpended  sum  of  iive  thousand  dollars,  or  so 
much  thereof  as  may  be  necessary,  shall  be  used  and  expended 
in  building  or  erecting  a  suitable  monument  over  the  remains 
when  finally  interred."     [Chapter  185,  Acts  of  1865.] 

Howard,  John  Eager,  -1862. 

Captain  of  infantry,  Feb.  23,  1847;  voltigeurs,  April  9, 
1847;  brevet  Major,  Sept.  13,  1847,  for  gallant  and  meritor- 
ious conduct  in  the  battle  of  Chapultepec,  Mexico;  honorably 
mustered  out,  Aug.  25,  1848;  died,  1862. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  Legislature  for  gallant  conduct  in  our 
recent  brilliant  and  successful  struggle  with  Mexico."  [Resolu- 
tion No.  18,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Hynson,  John  Ringgold,  -1846. 

Midshipman,  5  March,  1829 ;  Passed  Midshipman,  2  July, 
1845;  drowned,  8  December,  1846. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory  [Resolution  No.  5,  Acts 
of  1846]  q.  v.  under  Trueman  Cross. 

Jackson,  Elihu  Emory,  1837-1907. 

Born  near  Salisbury,  Somerset  county,  Nov.  3,  1837;  edu- 
cated in  the  county  schools;  entered  business  early  in  life  and 
founded  the  firm  of  E.  E.  Jackson  &  Co.,  lumber  merchants; 
member  House  of  Delegates,  1882;  elected  to  State  Senate, 
1884;  elected  Governor  of  the  State,  Nov.  8,  1887;  re-elected 
to  State  Senate  in  1895,  serving  in  the  sessions  of  1886  and 
1888;  died,  December  27,  1907. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory,  which  recites  that  he 
had  devoted  his  life  to  the  State  in  a  manner  highly  acceptable 
to  the  people  of  the  State.     [Resolution  No.  4,  Acts  of  1908.] 

Johnson,  Thomas,  1732-1819. 

Born  in  Calvert  county,  November  4,  1732 ;  studied  law, 
was   admitted   to   the  bar   and   practiced;   represented   Anne 


Arundel  county  in  the  House  of  Delegates,  1762-1763;  mem- 
ber of  the  committee  of  correspondence,  and  of  the  council  of 
safety;  member  of  the  Annapolis  convention  of  June,  1774; 
Delegate  in  the  Continental  Congress,  1774-1777 ;  delegate  in 
the  first  Maryland  constitutional  convention;  served  in  the 
Revolutionary  War  as  senior  brigadier  general  of  provincial 
forces,  and  led  the  "  flying  camp  "  that  went  to  Washington's 
relief  during  his  retreat  through  New  Jersey;  elected  first 
governor  of  Maryland,  1777-1779;  moved  to  Frederick;  ap- 
pointed by  Gen.  Washington  the  first  United  States  Judge  for 
the  district  of  Maryland,  Sept.  24,  1789 ;  and  associate  justice 
of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  U.  S.,  October  31,  1791,  and 
served  until  February,  1793,  when  he  resigned;  declined  a' 
cabinet  position  tendered  by  President  Washington,  August 
24,  1795 ;  appointed  Chief  Judge  of  the  Territory  of  Columbia, 
February  28,  1801 ;  assisted  in  laying  out  the  streets  of  Wash- 
ington and  in  designating  sites  for  public  buildings;  died  at 
"Rose  Hill,"  October  25,  1819. 

By  Chapter  404  of  the  Acts  of  1874,  the  Governor  was  direct- 
ed to  secure  portraits  of  Johnson,  Paca  and  Stone  to  be  placed 
in  Independence  Hall,  Philadelphia. 

A  portrait  of  Governor  Johnson,  by  Charles  Willson  Peale, 
was  placed  in  the  Executive  Chamber,  about  1800. 

Kalb,  Johann  Baron  de,  1721-1780. 

Born,  Huttendorf,  Bayreuth,  Germany,  29  June,  1721 ; 
accompanied  Lafayette  to  America  in  1777,  and  offered  his 
services  to  Congress;  appointed  Major-General,  15  Sept.,  1777; 
in  1780,  he  was  sent  to  the  assistance  of  South  Carolina  in 
command  of  the  Maryland  and  Delaware  troops;  at  the  battle 
of  Camden,  he  fell  pierced  with  eleven  wounds. 

A  marble  monument  was  erected  to  his  memory,  by  order  of 
Congress,  opposite  the  Presbyterian  Church  of  Camden;  and 
in  1825  Lafayette  placed  its  corner-stone,  and  also  that  of  a 
monument  at  Annapolis,  Md. 

The  monument  to  de  Kalb  at  Annapolis  (a  statue  of  de  Kalb 


by  Ephraim  Keyser)  was  unveiled  Aug.  16,  1886.  It  was  origi- 
nally provided  for  by  resolution  of  Congress,  in  Oct.,  1780 ; 
Resolution  ISTo.  2,  Acts  of  1888,  asked  the  Maryland  Senators 
and  Representatives  to  urge  Congress  to  carry  the  resolution 
into  effect;  Congress  made  the  necessary  appropriation  in  1883, 
and  the  Maryland  Legislature  ceded  to  the  U.  S.,  the  ground  on 
which  it  stands,  in  1884. 

Kenly,  John  Reese,  1822-1891. 

Born  in  Baltimore,  1822;  practiced  law  until  the  outbreak 
of  the  War  with  Mexico,  when  he  raised  a  company  of  volun- 
teers, which  joined  Col.  Watson's  Battalion,  June  2,  1846; 
Major  in  Hughes'  regiment,  July  20,  1848 ;  Colonel  1st  Mary- 
land Infantry,  June  11,  1861 ;  Brigadier-General  of  Vols., 
August  22,  1862;  brevetted  Major-General,  March  13,  1865, 
for  "  gallant  and  meritorious  services ;  "  died,  December  20, 

On  December  31,  1865,  the  Mayor  of  Baltimore  presented 
General  Kenly  a  sword  in  the  name  of  the  corporation  of  Bal- 
timore, for  his  distinguished  services  in  defense  of  the  Union 
cause  during  the  Civil  War. 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  his  native  State  are  hereby  tendered  to  Major  John 
R.  Kenly,  late  of  Maryland  and  District  of  Columbia  Volun- 
teers, attached  to  the  United  States  Army,  for  distinguished 
gallantry  displayed  in  the  field  during  the  recent  war  with 

"  Resolved,  That  His  Excellency  the  Governor  be  requested 
to  transmit  to  Major  Kenly,  a  copy  of  the  foregoing  resolution 
duly  authenticated."     [Resolution  No.  12,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Kennedy,  Edmund  Pendleton,  1780-1844. 

Born  in  Maryland,  1780;  Midshipman,  22  'Nov.  1805;  Lieu- 
tenant, 9  June,  1819;  Commander,  5  March,  1817;  Captain, 
24  April,  1828 ;  died  Norfolk,  Va'.,  March  28,  1844. 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  his 
Excellency  the  Governor,  procure  a  sword  with  suitable  devices 
and  ornaments,  and  present  it  in  the  name  of  the  State,  to  Com- 


modore  Edmund  P.  Kennedy,  of  the  United  States  Navy  as  a 
testimony  of  the  high  sense  entertained  by  his  native  state,  of 
his  distinguished  and  gallant  services  to  his  country,  in  the 
memorable  action  with  the  Tripolitan  gun  boat  off  Tripoli,  in 
August,  eighteen  hundred  and  four."  [Resolution  JSTo.  30, 
Acts  of  1834.] 

Key,  Francis  Scott,  1779-1843. 

Born  in  Frederick  county,  Md.,  August  1,  1779 ;  educated 
at  Annapolis;  studied  law  and  practiced  in  Frederick;  died, 
Baltimore,  January  11,  1843. 

''  Whereas  the  late  Francis  Scott  Key,  a  citizen  of  Maryland, 
is  honored  by  the  American  people  as  the  author  of  the  national 
lyric  most  dear  to  them,  enshrining  patriotic  devotion  to  '  The 
Star-Spangled  Banner  ?  as  the  ensign  of  l  The  land  of  the  free 
and  the  home  of  the  brave ; '  and  whereas  no  suitable  evidence 
of  national  respect  and  gratitude  has  ever  been  paid  to  his 
memory;  therefore,  be  it 

"  B\esolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  our 
Senators  and  the  Members  of  the  House  of  Representatives  of 
the  United  States,  from  this  State  be  requested  to  urge  upon 
Congress  the  appropriation  of  a  sum  of  money  sufficient  for  the 
erection  of  a  suitable  monument  to  the  memory  of  Francis  Scott 
Key,  the  author  of  the  national  lyric,  '  The  Star-Spangled  Ban- 
ner/ at  the  place  where  his  remains  lie  interred,  in  Mount 
Olivet  Cemetery,  at  Frederick  City;  .  .  ."  [Resolution  RTo. 
15,  Acts  of  1882.] 

A  joint  resolution  to  erect  a  monument  to  Key  was  introduced 
in  Congress  but  failed  of  passage.  A  monument  to  Key  was 
erected  in  Frederick  and  unveiled  in  1898.-  Another  monument 
has  been  set  up  at  his  birthplace,  Keysville. 

Kilty,  Augustus  Henry,  1807-1879. 

Youngest  son  of  Gen.  John  Kilty,  born  in  Annapolis,  No- 
vember, 1807;  appointed  Midshipman,  July  4,  1821;  made  his 
first  voyage  in  the  flag  ship  FranMin,  which  cruised  in  the 
Pacific  from  1821  to  1824;  on  the  Constitution,  1825-27;  in 
1830-31,  he  was  a  member  of  the  party  which  surveyed  the 
coast  of  Louisiana;  passed  midshipman,  April,  1832,  and  served 
on  the  West  India  station  in  the  Grampus  until  1834,  when  he 
joined  the  receiving  ship  Sea  Gull  in  Philadelphia.     Com- 


missioned  Lieutenant,  Sept.  6, 1837 ;  and  Commander,  in  1855 ; 
in  1860-61,  was  stationed  at  Baltimore,  where  he  refused  to 
haul  down  the  flag  when  ordered  to  do  so  by  the  mob ;  ordered 
to  St.  Louis,  where  he  aided  in  organizing  the  flotilla  under 
Foote  and  took  command  of  the  gun-boat  Mound  City;  was 
engaged  at  Island  number  Ten  and  Fort  Pillow,  at  which  lat- 
ter place  the  gun-boat  was  sunk ;  she  was  raised  and  repaired, 
and  Kilty  again  took  command  of  her;  in  the  attack  on  Fort 
Charles  on  the  White  Kiver  a  shot  perforated  the  steam  drum 
and  the  escaping  steam  caused  the  death  and  injury  of  more 
than  a  hundred  of  her  crew;  Commander  Kilty  was  badly 
scalded  in  the  explosion,  and  in  consequence  of  it  lost  his  left 
arm.  In  1863,  having  recovered  from  the  effects  of  his  wound, 
he  was  commissioned  Captain  and  assigned  to  ordnance  duty  at 
Baltimore.  He  commanded  the  Roanoke,  the  Vermont  and  was 
then  in  command  of  the  Norfolk  navy  yard,  until  July  1,  1870, 
when  he  was  retired  with  the  rank  of  Rear- Admiral.  He  soon 
after  settled  in  Baltimore  and  died  there  November  10,  1879, 
and  was  buried  in  Bonnie  Brae  Cemetery. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  State  are  hereby  tendered  to  Captain 
A.  H.  Kilty,  of  Maryland,  for  the  loyalty  and  courage  with 
which  he  has  performed  his  duty  as  an  officer  of  the  Navy, 
since  the  breaking  out  of  the  rebellion,  and  especially  for  his 
brilliant  services  in  command  of  the  gunboat  Mound  City,  in 
the  fight  at  Fort  Pillow,  and  in  the  attack  on  the  batteries  at 
Saint  Charles,  on  the  White  River,  and  that  the  General  Assem- 
bly express  their  sympathy  with  Captain  Kilty  in  the  severe 
bodily  suffering  and  injury  resulting  to  him  from  this  fight,  and 
their  pleasure  at  the  prospect  of  his  being  restored  to  active  use- 
fulness."     [Resolution  No.  7,  Acts  of  1864.] 

Lear,  William  W.,  -1846. 

Born  in  Maryland;  Second  Lieutenant  4th  Infantry,  13 
February,  1818;  1st  Lieut.,  24  February,  1818;  Captain,  1 
May,  1824;  Major  3d  infantry,  14  June,  1842;  died  31  Octo- 
ber, 1846,  of  wounds  received  in  the  battle  of  Monterey. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory  [Resolution  No.  5,  Acts 
of  1846].     See  under  Trueman  Cross. 

men  of  maryland  specially  honored.  227 

Leary,  Richard  Phillips,  -1901. 

Born  in  Baltimore;  graduated  TJ.  S.  1ST.  A.  in  1860;  ensign, 
1863;  lieutenant,  1863;  commander,  1882;  captain,  1897; 
during  1863-65,  he  served  on  the  blockading  squadron  off 
Charleston,  S.  C. ;  senior  naval  officer  at  Samoa  during  the 
revolution;  first  American  Governor  of  the  Island  of  Guam; 
died,  Chelsea,  Mass.,  Dec.  27,  1901. 

As  a  testimonial  of  the  "  able  and  courageous  manner  "  in 
which  he  "  protected  and  vindicated  American  rights  during  the 
revolution  in  Samoa,"  the  Governor  was  directed  to  present  to 
him  '  a  gold  chronometer  watch  with  the  following  inscription : 
The  State  of  Maryland  to  Commander  Richard  P.  Leary, 
U.  S.  ~N.,  for  his  heroism  and  gallant  services  in  protecting  and 
vindicating  American  rights  during  the  revolution  in  Samoa 
in  1888.     [Resolution  No.  14,  Acts  of  1892.] 

Little,  Henry. 

Born  in  Maryland,  2d  Lieut.  5th  Infantry,  1  July,  1839 ; 
transferred  to  7th  Infantry,  6  May,  1843 ;  1st  Lieut.,  18  April, 
1845;  Captain,  20  Aug.,  1847;  resigned,  7  May,  1861;  bre- 
vetted  Captain  for  gallant  and  meritorious  conduct  at  Mon- 
terey, 23  Sept.  1846. 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  are  due  and  are 
hereby  presented  to  Captain  Henry  Little,  of  the  seventh  Regi- 
ment, United  States  Infantry,  a'  native  citizen  of  Maryland, 
for  gallant  and  good  conduct  under  General  Taylor  and  subse- 
quently under  General  Scott,  in  the  late  war  with  Mexico. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor,  be  and  he  is  hereby  requested 
to  communicate  a  copy  of  the  foregoing  resolution  to  Captain 
Henry  Little,  duly  authenticated."  [Resolution  JSTo.  15,  Acts 
of  1849.] 

Lloyd,  Edward,  1826-1907. 

Elected  to  House  of  Delegates  from  Talbot  county,  1847; 

elected  again  in  1883;  member  of  State  Senate,  1874,  1876, 

1878,  1880,  1890  and  1892;  President  of  the  Senate  in  1890 

and  1892;  died,  October  22,  1907. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory.  [Resolution  No.  10, 
Acts  of  1908.] 

228  maryland  historical  magazine. 

Lowndes,  Lloyd,  Jr.,  1845-1905. 

Born  in  Clarksburg,  Va.,  Feb.  21,  1845 ;  graduated  from 
Allegheny  College  in  1865  and  from  U.  of  Pa.  Law  School  in 
1867,  and  commenced  practice  of  law  in  Cumberland,  Md. ; 
elected  to  43d  Congress  (1873-1875)  ;  governor  of  Maryland, 
1895-1899;  died,  Jan.  6,  1905. 

Resolution  of  respect,  expressing  a  sense  of  loss  on  the  part 
of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  and  of  the  people  of  the 
State.     [Resolution  No.  5,  Acts  of  1908.] 

McComas,  Louis  Emory,  1846-1907. 

Born  in  Washington  county,  Md.,  Oct.  28,  1846 ;  graduated 
from  Dickinson  College,  1866 ;  admitted  to  the  bar  in  Hagers- 
town,  1868 ;  representative  in  48th,  49th,  50th  and  51st  Con- 
gresses (1883-1891)  ;  appointed  associate  justice  of  supreme 
court  of  the  District  of  Columbia;  U.  S.  Senator,  1899-1905; 
appointed  justice  of  the  court  of  appeals  of  the  District  of 
Columbia;  died,  Nov.  10,  1907. 

Resolution  of  respect,  expressing  a  sense  of  loss  on  the  part 
of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  and  of  the  people  of  the 
State.     [Resolution  No.  5,  Acts  of  1908.] 

McPhail,  Daniel  H.,  -1884. 

Second  Lieutenant,  5th  Infantry,  March  8,  1837;  Captain, 
July  10,  1846;  brevetted  Major,  August  20,  1847,  for  gallant 
and  meritorious  conduct  in  battles  of  Contreras  and  Churu- 
busco;  brevetted  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  Vols.,  March  13,  1865, 
for  faithful  and  meritorious  services  in  the  Civil  War;  died, 
January  30,  1884. 

'  Whereas,  Brevet  Major  Daniel  H.  McPhail,  late  of  the 
fifth  regiment  of  United  States  Infantry,  a  native  of  the  city 
of  Baltimore,  in  this  state,  having  distinguished  himself  by  his 
bravery  and  gallantry  in  eleven  battles  during  the  recent  con- 
flict of  arms  with  the  Republic  of  Mexico ;  therefore,  be  it 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  and  congratulations  of  the  Legislature  of  his  native 
State,  be  and  they  are  hereby  tendered  to  Brevet  Major  Daniel 
H.  McPhail,  late  of  the  United  States  Army,  for  his  gallant 


conduct  and  bearing  as  an  officer  during  the  recent  war  with 

"Resolved,  That  His  Excellency  the  Governor  be  requested 
to  transmit  a  copy  of  this  preamble  and  resolution  to  Major 
McPhail."     [Resolution  No.  17,  Acts  of  1849.] 

McSherry,  James,  1842-1907. 

Distinguished  jurist,  born  December  30,  1842;  educated  at 
Mt.  St.  Mary's  College;  admitted  to  the  Bar  in  Frederick,  Md., 
Feb.  9,  1864;  appointed  Associate  Justice  of  the  Court  of 
Appeals,  Nov.  1,  1887;  appointed  Chief  Justice,  Jan.  27,  1896, 
and  served  in  that  capacity  until  his  death  in  Frederick,  Octo- 
ber 23,  1907. 

Resolution  of  respect,  expressing  a  sense  of  loss  on  the  part 
of  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  and  of  the  people  of  the 
State.     [Resolution  No.  5,  Acts  of  1908.] 

Mank,  George  Washington.1 

u  Whereas,  it  is  of  importance  to  every  republican  govern- 
ment to  encourage,  by  every  means  in  its  power,  the  enterpris- 
ing and  patriotic  exertions  of  its  citizens  in  defence  of  their 
country;  And,  whereas  George  Washington  Mann,  a  citizen  of 
this  state,  in  conjunction  with  Priestly  Neville  O'Bannon,  was 
the  first  to  establish  the  American  standard,  under  the  command 
of  General  Eaton,  on  the  walls  of  Derne,  thereby  signalizing 
himself  for  his  bravery,  and  contributing  to  the  delivery  of 
many  of  our  fellow-citizens  from  bondage ;  therefore,  Resolved 
unanimously,  That  the  governor  and  council  be  and  they  are 
hereby  authorized  and  required  to  procure  a  handsome  sword 
and  belt,  with  an  appropriate  engraving  and  motto,  emblem- 
atic of  the  action  of  Derne,  and  cause  the  same  to  be  delivered 
to  the  said  George  W.  Mann,  in  testimony  of  the  high  sense 
of  approbation  the  legislature  of  this  state  entertain  of  his 
gallant  conduct."     [Resolution,  Nov.  Session,  1806.] 

Marriott,  James  C,  -1881. 

First  lieutenant  of  infantry,  Feb.  24,  1847;  voltigeurs,  April 
9,  1847;  captain,  Sept.  18,  1847;  honorably  mustered  out 
August  31,  1848;  died,  1881. 

1Not  mentioned  in  the  army  list. 


"  The  thanks  of  the  Legislature  for  gallant  conduct  in  our 
recent  brilliant  and  successful  struggle  with  Mexico."  [Reso- 
lution Eo.  18,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Mayo,  Isaac. 

Midshipman,  15  November,  1809 ;  Lieutenant,  4  February, 
1815;  Commander,  20  December,  1832;  Captain,  8  September, 
1841 ;  dismissed,  18  May,  1861. 

"Resolved,  unanimously,  That  the  General  Assembly  of 
Maryland,  entertain  a  high  sense  of  the  gallantry  of  Isaac 
Mayo,  a  native  of  this  state,  a  lieutenant  in  the  navy  of  the 
United  States,  and  who  participated  in  two  brilliant  and  well 
fought  actions  during  the  late  war,  both  of  which  terminated 
in  glorious  victory,  viz:  the  action  between  the  United  States 
sloop  of  war  Hornet,  commanded  by  Captain  Lawrence,  and  the 
British  sloop  of  war  Peacock,  Captain  Peake,  and  between  the 
Hornet,  Captain  Biddle,  and  the  Penguin,  Captain  Dickinson, 
and  was  among  those  officers  who  received  medals  from  the 
United  States,  as  a  testimony  of  their  country's  approbation. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor  be,  and  he  is  hereby  author- 
ized and  required,  to  procure  and  present  to  lieutenant  Isaac 
Mayo,  a  sword  in  testimony  of  the  high  sense  of  approbation 
the  Legislature  entertain  of  his  gallant  conduct  in  the  late  war, 
and  the  Governor  is  hereby  authorized  to  draw  on  the  Treasurer 
of  the  Western  Shore  for  such  sum  as  he  may  deem  necessary 
to  carry  the  resolution  into  effect."  [Resolution  ~No.  61,  Acts, 

Mullan,  Dennis  W. 

Acting  Midshipman,  25  September,  1857 ;  Midshipman,  1 
June,  1861;  Lieutenant,  16  July,  1862;  Lieut.-Commander, 
25  July,  1866;  dropped,  18  August,  1876;  restored,  16  July, 
1878;  Commander,  8  February,  1879. 

"  That  as  a  testimonial  of  the  skillful,  able  and  courageous 
manner  in  which  Commander  Dennis  W.  Mullan  protected  and 
vindicated  American  rights,  and  the  bravery  and  nautical 
ability  shown  by  him  during  the  hurricane  in  Samoan  waters, 
the  Governor  of  the  State  be  and  he  is  hereby  authorized  and 
directed  to  procure  and  present  to  Commander  Dennis  W. 
Mullan,  U.  S.  1ST.,  a  gold  chronometer  watch,  with  an  inscrip- 
tion as  follows,  to  wit :   i  The  State  of  Maryland  to  Commander 


Dennis  W.  Mullan,  U.  S.  1ST.,  for  his  heroism  and  gallant  serv- 
ices in  protecting  and  vindicating  American  rights,  and  for  the 
bravery  and  nautical  ability  shown  by  him  during  the  hurri- 
cane of  eighteen  hundred  and  eighty-nine,  in  Samoan  waters, 
South  Pacific  Ocean.'  "     [Eesolution  No.  8,  Acts  of  1890.] 

Murray,  Francis  Key,  -1868. 

Midshipman,  29  April,  1836 ;  Passed  Midshipman,  1  July, 
1842;  Master,  4  November,  1848;  Lieutenant,  24  July,  1849; 
Commander,  16  July,  1862;  died,  July  11,  1868. 

The  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  for  his  courageous  and 
gallant  bearing  on  the  occasion  of  the  wreck  of  the  San  Fran- 
cisco. [Resolution  No.  9,  Acts  of  1854.]  See  Stouffer,  [Lou- 
bat,  1:416.] 

Paca,  William,  1740-1799. 

Born  at  "Wye  Hall,"  Harford  county,  Oct.  31,  1740 ;  gradu- 
ated at  Philadelphia  College  in  1758 ;  admitted  to  the  Middle 
Temple,  London;  returning  to  Annapolis  in  1766  he  began  the 
practice  of  law;  member  of  Committee  of  Correspondence, 
1774;  of  the  Council  of  Safety,  1775;  signer  of  the  Declara- 
tion of  Independence;  member  of  the  provincial  Assembly, 
1771-74;  Delegate  in  the  Continental  Congress,  1774-1779; 
state  senator,  1777-1779;  chief  justice  of  Maryland,  1778- 
1780 ;  chief  justice  of  the  Court  of  Appeals,  1780-1782 ;  gov- 
ernor of  Maryland,  1782-1786 ;  delegate  to  the  state  convention 
in  1788 ;  U.  S.  judge  for  the  District  of  Md.,  1789-1799 ;  died, 
October  23,  1799. 

By  Resolution  89  of  the  Acts  of  1834  (q.  v.  under  Chase), 
the  Governor  was  authorized  to  secure  full  length  portraits  of 
Paca,  Chase  and  Stone  to  be  placed  in  the  State  House.  A 
portrait  of  Paca,  by  C.  W.  Peale,  was  placed  in  the  State 
House  at  a  much  earlier  date,  probably  about  1800. 

Peabody,  George,  1795-1869. 

Born,  South  Danvers,  Mass.,  18  February,  1795 ;  banker  and 
philanthropist;  saved  the  credit  of  the  State  of  Maryland; 
founded  Peabody  Institute  in  his  native  town  with  endowment 


of  $200,000 ;  Peabody  Institute  of  the  City  of  Baltimore,  total 
gifts,  $1,400,000 ;  contributed  $10,000  to  the  first  Grinnell  ex- 
pedition; in  1862,  gave  $2,500,000  for  the  benefit  of  the  poor 
of  London;  in  recognition  of  which  the  Queen  presented  Mr. 
Peabody  with  her  portrait  and  an  autograph  letter,  he  having 
declined  the  honor  of  knighthood ;  the  city  of  London  gave  him 
its  freedom  in  a  gold  box,  and  the  citizens  erected  a  statue  to 
his  memory;  gave  to  Harvard  $150,000  to  establish  a  museum 
of  American  archaeology  and  ethnology;  to  the  Southern  Edu- 
cational Fund  he  gave  $2,000,000 ;  died,  London,  'Nov.  4,  1869. 

u  Whereas,  Mr.  George  Peabody,  a  citizen  of  Maryland,  now 
resident  of  London,  was  appointed  one  of  the  three  commis- 
sioners under  the  act  of  Assembly  of  eighteen  hundred  and 
thirty-five,  to  negotiate  a  loan  for  this  state,  and  after  perform- 
ing the  duties  assigned  to  him,  refused  to  apply  for  the  compen- 
sation allowed  by  the  provisions  of  that  act,  because  he  was 
unwilling  to  add  to  the  burthens  of  the  State,  at  a  time  when 
she  was  overwhelmed  with  the  weight  of  her  obligations;  and 
whereas,  since  the  credit  of  the  State  has  been  restored,  he  has 
voluntarily  relinquished  all  claim  for  the  compensation  due  to 
him  for  his  services,  expressing  himself  fully  paid  by  the  grati- 
fication of  seeing  the  State  freed  from  reproach  in  the  eyes  of 
the  world. 

"  Be  it  unanimously  resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of 
Maryland,  That  the  record  of  such  disinterested  zeal  is  a  higher 
praise  than  any  that  eloquence  could  bestow,  and  that  this  leg- 
islature is  therefore  content  with  tendering  the  thanks  of  this 
State  to  Mr.  Peabody  for  his  generous  devotion  to  the  interests 
and  honor  of  Maryland. 

"  And  further  resolved,  That  the  Governor  of  this  State  be 
requested  to  transmit  these  resolutions  to  Mr.  Peabody,  in  such 
manner  as  he  may  deem  most  appropriate."  [Resolution  No. 
42,  Acts  of  1847.] 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  we 
recognize  in  George  Peabody,  Esq.,  a  venerable  and  eminent 
former  citizen  of  Maryland,  the  embodiment  of  uprightness  and 
noble  charity,  and  by  his  disinterested  benevolence  in  the  mu- 
nificent donations  he  has  made  to  the  city  of  Baltimore,  and  to 
the  Southern  States,  for  the  advancement  of  science,  arts,  and 
the  general  diffusion  of  knowledge,  he  merits  the  unqualified 


expressions  of  our  gratitude,  and  the  most  profound  admiration 
of  his  unsurpassed  liberality,  and  of  his  efforts  in  the  cause  of 
education    for  the  elevation  of  his  fellow-men. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor  be  hereby  requested  to  for- 
ward a  copy  of  these  resolutions  to  Mr.  Peabody."  [Kesolu- 
tion,  No.  14,  Acts  of  1867.] 

"Resolved  by  the  Senate  and  House  of  Eepresentatives  of 
the  United  States  of  America  in  Congress  assembled,  That  the 
thanks  of  Congress  be,  and  they  hereby  are,  presented  to  George 
Peabody  of  Massachusetts  for  his  great  and  peculiar  beneficence 
in  giving  a  large  sum  of  money,  amounting  to  two  million  dol- 
lars, for  the  promotion  of  education  in  the  more  destitute  por- 
tions of  the  Southern  and  Southwestern  states,  the  benefits  of 
which,  according  to  his  direction,  are  to  be  distributed  among 
the  entire  population  without  any  distinction,  except  what  may 
be  found  in  needs  or  opportunities  of  usefulness. 

"  And  he  further  resolved,  That  it  shall  be  the  duty  of  the 
President  to  cause  a  gold  medal  to  be  struck,  with  suitable 
devices  and  inscriptions,  which,  together  with  a  copy  of  these 
resolutions,  shall  be  presented  to  Mr.  Peabody,  in  the  name  of 
the  people  of  the  United  States."  Approved,  March  16,  1867. 
[Loubat,  78,  421.] 

PlNKNEY,  NlNIAN,  *  -1877. 

Assistant  Surgeon  U.  S.  K,  26  March,  1834;  Surgeon,  27 
October,  1841;  Medical  Director,  3  March,  1871;  died,  Decem- 
ber 15,  1877. 

The  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  tendered  him  in  appre- 
ciation of  his  "  gallant  and  meritorious  conduct "  in  the  Mexi- 
can War.  [Resolution  No.  95,  Acts  of  1849.]  See  Buchanan, 

Piper,  James  S. 

Captain,  battalion  of  Maryland  and  D.  C.  infantry. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  Legislature  for  gallant  conduct  in  our 
recent  brilliant  and  successful  struggle  with  Mexico."  [Reso- 
lution No.  18,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Poe,  John  Prentiss,  1836-1909. 

Born  in  Baltimore,  August  22,  1836 ;  graduated  from  Prince- 
ton, 1854;  admitted  to  the  Bar,  August  22,  1857;  President 



Baltimore  Tax  Commission,  1885 ;  President  State  Tax  Com- 
mission, 1886;  City  Counsellor,  1882-84;  State  Senator,  1890- 
91 ;  Attorney-General  of  Maryland,  1891-95 ;  Dean  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  Maryland  Law  School;  legal  writer  and  authority; 
compiler  of  the  State  Codes,  1886-1904 ;  compiler  Baltimore  City 
Code,  1893;  died,  October  14,  1909. 

Resolution  No.  4,  Acts  of  1910,  recites  that,  "  As  a  law  of- 
ficer of  the  City  of  Baltimore,  and  in  many  ways  as  a  private 
citizen,  he  rendered  to  the  commonwealth  services  of  the  high- 
est value,  with  unremitting  energy  and  industry,  great  ability, 
learning  and  acumen  with  stainless  integrity  and  a  lofty  public 

Pratt,  Enoch,  1808-1896. 

Born  in  North  Middleborough,  Mass.,  Sept.  10,  1808 ;  settled 
in  Baltimore,  January  1,  1831,  and  became  one  of  its  most 
prosperous  merchants ;  founded  the  Free  Library  bearing  his 
name,  and  left  a  large  amount  to  the  Sheppard  and  Pratt  Hos- 
pital; died,  September  17,  1896. 

1C  Whereas,  Enoch  Pratt,  of  Baltimore,  has  recently  tendered 
to  the  corporation  of  that  city  the  munificent  gift  of  over  a 
million  dollars,  for  the  establishment  of  a  free  circulating 
library,  under  conditions  whose  practical  wisdom  commends 
them  to  universal  approval;  and  whereas,  neither  the  value 
and  importance  of  such  an  institution,  nor  the  noble  and  gen- 
erous purposes  of  its  founder,  can  be  measured,  even  by  the 
splendid  liberality  of  the  endowment;  be  it  therefore, 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
name  of  Enoch  Pratt  be  added  to  the  list  of  those  public  bene- 
factors whom  the  people  of  Maryland  will  hold  in  perpetual 
and  grateful  remembrance.    And  it  is  further 

"  Resolved,  That  in  placing  this  acknowledgment  and  tribute 
upon  the  permanent  records  of  the  State,  it  is  the  desire  and 
purpose  of  the  General  Assembly,  not  merely  to  signify  their 
appreciation  of  a  great  and  disinterested  public  service,  but 
especially  to  honor  a  conspicuous  example  of  the  patriotism  and 
public  spirit  which  gives  to  wealth  its  largest  dignity  and  lifts 
it  to  its  highest  uses."     [Resolution  No.  1,  Acts  of  1882.] 


Purviance,  Hugh  Y. 

Midshipman,  3  November,  1818 ;  Lieutenant,  3  March,  1827 ; 
Commander,  7  March,  1849;  Captain,  28  January,  1856; 
Commodore  on  retired  list,  16  July,  1862. 

".  .  .  That  this  General  Assembly  highly  appreciate  the  con- 
duct and  the  success  of  Captain  Hugh  G.  Purviance  (a  citizen 
of  Baltimore),  of  the  United  States  ship  St.  Lawrence,  in  her 
attack  and  destruction  of  the  privateer  Petrel,  of  the  so-called 
Southern  Confederacy."     [Resolution  ISTo.  8,  Acts  of  1862.] 

Randall,  James  Ryder,  1839-1908. 

Born,  Baltimore,  Md.,  January  1,  1839 ;  educated  at  George- 
town College ;  professor  of  English  Literature  in  Poydras  Col- 
lege, La.;  newspaper  man  and  litterateur;  died,  Jan.  15,  1908. 

Resolution  ordering  a  portrait  to  be  procured  and  hung  in 
the  old  Senate  Chamber  in  honor  of  the  "  poet  and  patriot, 
whose  name  will  be  forever  held  in  kindly  remembrance  by  all 
the  citizens  of  our  beloved  State."  [Resolution  No.  15,  Acts 
of  1908.] 

Rayner,  Isidor,  1850-1912. 

Born  in  Baltimore  City,  April  11,  1850;  educated  at  the 
University  of  Maryland  and  the  University  of  Virginia;  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar,  1870;  member  House  of  Delegates  of  Md., 
1878 ;  State  Senator,  1885 ;  Representative  in  50th  Congress 
and  to  52d  and  53d  Congresses;  Attorney-General  of  Md.,  1899- 
1903 ;  elected  to  U.  S.  Senate  for  term  beginning  March  4, 
1905;  re-elected  in  1911  for  the  term  ending  March  3,  1917; 
died,  Nov.  25,  1912. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory,  reciting  that  "  the  State 
has  suffered  an  irreparable  loss  and  the  people  have  been  de- 
prived of  the  services  of  a  man  of  high  personal  integrity  and 
devotion  to  duty."     [Resolution  No.  2,  Acts  of  1914.] 

Ridgely,  Charles  G.,  1784-1848. 

Born,  Baltimore,  July  2,  1784;  Midshipman,  Oct.  19,  1799; 
Lieutenant,  February  2,  1807;  Captain,  February  28,  1815; 
died,  Philadelphia,  February  4,  1848.    Was  with  Commodore 


Preble  at  the  battle  of  Tripoli,  and  for  his  gallant  conduct  in 
that  war  received  a  gold  medal  from  Congress. 

The  above  statement  is  not  confirmed  by  Loubat,  q.  v.  vol.  i, 
135 ;  but  the  resolution  of  Congress,  passed  March  3,  1805, 
voted  to  each  commissioned  officer  a  handsome  sword.  If  the 
medal  was  presented,  it  was  similar  to  the  Preble  medal. 

Ridgely,  Randolph,  -1846. 

Born  in  Maryland;  2d  Lieutenant,  1st  July,  1837;  1st 
Lieut.,  17  July,  1838;  Brevet  Captain  Asst.  Adjt.  Genl.,  7 
July,  1846;  died,  October  27,  1846;  Brevet  Captain,  9  May, 
1846,  for  gallant  and  distinguished  conduct  at  Palo  Alto  and 
Resaca  de  la  Palma. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory  [Resolution  No.  5,  Acts 
of  1846]  q.  v.  under  Trueman  Cross. 

Riley,  Bennet,  1786-1853. 

Born,  Baltimore,  1786 ;  Ensign  of  Riflemen,  Jan.  19,  1813 ; 
Captain,  5th  Infantry,  August,  1818;  Major,  4th  Infantry, 
1837 ;  Lieut.-Colonel,  2d  Infantry,  December,  1839 ;  Colonel, 
1st  Infantry,  Jan.  31,  1850.  In  August,  1823,  he  distinguish- 
ed himself  in  an  engagement  with  the  Arickaree  Indians;  in 
the  battle  of  Chakachatta,  Florida,  June  2,  1840,  he  was  par- 
ticularly distinguished;  he  commanded  the  2d  Infantry  under 
Genl.  Scott  in  the  Valley  of  Mexico;  was  distinguished  at 
Cerro  Gordo,  for  which  he  was  brevetted  Brigadier-General; 
brevetted  Major-General  for  gallantry  at  Contreras ;  died,  June 
9,  1853. 

"  Resolved  unanimously  by  the  General  Assembly,  That  the 
General  Assembly  of  Maryland  entertain  a  high  sense  of  gal- 
lantry, skill  and  good  conduct  of  Bennet  Riley,  a'  native  of  St. 
Mary's  County  in  this  State,  and  now  a  Brigader  General  in 
the  Army  of  the  United  States,  as  evinced  by  his  services  during 
the  late  war  with  Great  Britain,  and  by  his  intrepidity  and 
heroism,  displayed  in  the  brilliant  operations  of  the  war  in 

"  Resolved  unanimously,  That  for  the  purpose  of  evincing 
our  admiration  for  such  honorable  services,  and  as  an  expres- 


sion  of  the  high  regard  in  which  he  is  held  by  his  native  State, 
that  the  Governor  be  and  he  is  hereby  authorized  and  required 
to  procure  and  present  to  Brigadier  General  Bennet  Riley,  a 
sword  with  suitable  devices  and  ornaments,  and  the  Governor 
is  hereby  authorized  to  draw  on  the  Treasurer  of  Maryland, 
for  such  sum  of  money  as  may  be  necessary  for  the  fulfillment 
of  these  resolutions."      [Resolution  No.  83,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Ringgold,  Cadwalader,  1802-1867. 

Born,  Washington  county,  Md.,  Aug.  20,  1802;  son  of  Gen- 
eral Samuel  Ringgold;  Midshipman,  March  4,  1819;  Lieuten- 
ant, May  17,  1828;  Commander,  July  16,  1849;  Captain, 
April  2,  1856;  Commodore,  July  16,  1862;  Rear- Admiral, 
March,  1867.  During  the  Civil  War  he  was  on  the  frigate 
Sabine  blockading  southern  ports;  died,  1ST.  Y.  City,  April  29, 

By  joint  resolution  of  Conrgess,  passed  March  7,  1864,  Cap- 
tain Ringgold  was  given  the  thanks  of  Congress  for  his  bravery 
in  the  rescue  of  passengers  and  crew  of  the  transport  Governor. 

"  Whereas,  the  coolness  and  eminent  seamanship  displayed 
by  Captain  Cadwalader  Ringgold,  early  in  November  last,  in 
rescuing  a  Marine  battalion  of  four  hundred  men,  from  the 
wreck  of  the  transport  steamer  Governor,  during  the  storm 
which  overtook  the  United  States  Squadron,  on  its  way  from 
Fortress  Monroe  to  the  attack  and  capture  of  Port  Royal,  is  an 
occurrence  well  calculated  to  elevate  the  character  of  the  Ameri- 
can Navy,  and  deserving  of  honorable  mention  by  the  Legis- 
lature of  his  native  State ;  therefore,  be  it 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  this  Legislature  are  tendered  to  Captain  Ringgold 
and  to  the  officers  and  crew  of  the  United  States  frigate  Sabine, 
for  their  gallant  and  humane  efforts  in  saving  the  lives  of  so 
many  human  beings  from  the  wreck  of  the  ill-fated  steamer 
Governor,  during  the  storm  on  the  Southern  coast  in  Novem- 
ber last. 

"Resolved,  That  the  Governor  be  requested  to  transmit  a 
copy  of  these  resolutions  to  Captain  Ringgold,  requesting  him 
to  communicate  the  same  to  the  officers  and  crew  of  the  frigate 
Sabine"  [Resolution  No.  12,  Acts  of  December  Session, 

238  maryland  historical  magazine. 

Ringgold,  Samuel,  1800-1846. 

Born  in  Washington  county,  Md.,  1800 ;  2d  Lieut.  Artillery, 
24  July,  1818 ;  1st  Lieutenant,  8  May,  1822 ;  Captain,  3d  Artil- 
lery, 31  August,  1836;  died,  11  May  1846,  of  wounds  received 
in  the  battle  of  Palo  Alto,  Mexico.  Brevet  Captain,  8  May, 
1832,  for  ten  years  faithful  service  in  one  grade;  brevet  Major, 
15  February,  1838,  for  meritorious  conduct  and  activity  and 
efficiency  in  war  against  the  Florida  Indians. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory  [Resolution  No.  5,  Acts 
of  1846]  q.  v.  under  Trueman  Cross. 

Rodgers,  George  Washington,  1787-1832. 

Born  in  Maryland,  1787;  Midshipman,  April,  1804;  Lieu- 
tenant, April  24,  1810;  master  com.,  April  27,  1816;  Post- 
Captain,  March  1,  1825 ;  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Wasp  in  the 
action  with  the  Frolic;  received  a  gold  medal  accompanied  by 
a  vote  of  thanks  from  Congress ;  died,  Buenos  Ayres,  May  21, 
1832.     [Not  in  Loubat.] 

"  Resolved  unanimously,  That  the  general  assembly  of  Mary- 
land entertain  a  high  sense  of  the  gallantry  of  George  W. 
Rogers,  a  native  of  this  state,  and  a  captain  in  the  Navy  of 
the  United  States  ( as  displayed  in  the  brilliant  and  well  fought 
action,  during  the  late  war,  between  the  United  States  sloop 
of  war  Wasp,  and  his  Britannic  Majesty's  ship  Frolic,  which 
terminated  in  a  glorious  victory,  notwithstanding  the  great 
disparity  of  forces  in  favor  of  the  latter,  and  on  other  import- 
ant occasions. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Governor  be  and  he  is  hereby  authorized 
and  directed  to  procure  and  present  to  Capt.  George  W.  Rogers 
a  sword  as  further  evidence  of  the  high  sense  we  entertain  of 
the  services  he  has  rendered  his  country,  and  that  the  Governor 
be  authorized  to  draw  on  the  treasurer  of  the  western  shore  for 
such  sums  as  may  be  necessary  to  carry  into  effect  these  resolu- 
tions."    [Resolution  No.  9,  Acts  of  1830.] 

''  Whereas,  it  appears  that  a  resolution  was  adopted  at  the 
December  session,  eighteen  hundred  and  thirty,  authorizing  the 
Governor  to  procure  and  present  to  Captain  George  W.  Rogers, 
of  the  U.  S.  Navy,  a  sword,  as  a  further  evidence  of  the  high 
sense  the  Legislature  entertains  for  the  services  rendered  his 


country;   and  whereas,   it  appears  that  the  said  George  W. 
Rogers  is  now  dead;  therefore, 

"Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly,  That  his  Excellency  the 
Governor,  be  requested  to  present  the  said  sword  to  Raymond 
Rogers,  the  eldest  son  of  the  deceased,  with  an  assurance  that  it 
is  presented  to  him,  in  consideration  of  the  high  sense  which  the 
Legislature  of  Maryland  entertains  for  the  gallantry  of  his 
deceased  father,  as  displayed  in  the  brilliant  and  well  fought 
action  during  the  late  war,  between  the  U.  S.  sloop  of  war 
Wasp  and  His  Britannic  Majesty's  ship  Frolic,  and  on  other 
important  occasions."      [Resolution  No.  59,  Acts  of  1832.] 

Rodgers,  John,  1771-1838. 

Born,  Harford  county,  Md.,  1771 ;  entering  the  navy  as  a 
Lieutenant,  March  9,  1798,  he  was  the  executive  officer  of  the 
frigate  Constellation,  Commodore  Truxton,  when  she  captured 
the  French  frigate  VInsurgente  off  Nevis,  Feb.  9,  1799,  and 
took  possession  of  the  prize;  Captain,  March  5,  1799;  took  an 
active  part  in  the  Tripolitan  war;  and  in  the  War  of  1812, 
rendering  important  service  in  the  defence  of  Baltimore ;  Presi- 
dent of  the  Board  of  Navy  Commissioners,  1815-1824;  died, 
Philadelphia,  August  1,  1838. 

The  thanks  of  Congress  and  a  silver  medal  for  the  capture 
of  the  French  frigate  VInsurgente.    [Not  in  Loubat.] 

Rodgers,  John,  1811- 

Born,  Maryland,  August  8,  1811;  Midshipman,  April  18, 
1828;  Lieutenant,  January  22,  1840;  Commander,  Sept.  14, 
1855;  Captain,  July  16,  1862;  Commodore,  June  17,  1863; 
Rear-Admiral,  Dec.  31,  1869;  Commanded  steamer  John  Han- 
cock in  surveying  and  exploring  expedition  to  the  north  Pacific 
and  the  China  Seas,  1853-56 ;  in  1862  superintended  construc- 
tion of  ironclads  in  the  west;  May  10,  1862,  commanded  an 
expedition  of  gunboats  in  the  James  River;  in  the  Galena  at- 
tacked Fort  Darling,  May  15 ;  on  June  17,  1863,  in  the  moni- 
tor Weehawhen  he  encountered  and  captured  the  rebel  ironclad 
Atlanta;  in  the  monitor  Monadnoc  he  made  the  passage  round 


the  Horn,  1866-67;  commanded  Asiatic  fleet;  in  August,  1871, 
captured  the  Corean  forts;  died 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  the  State  are  hereby  tendered  to  Commander  John 
Rogers,  of  Maryland,  for  his  distinguished  services  during  the 
rebellion,  especially  in  organizing  the  iron-clad  fleet  on  the 
western  waters ;  in  the  attack  on  Fort  Darling ;  in  the  heroic  at- 
tempt on  Fort  Sumter,  under  Admiral  Dupont,  and  the  mem- 
orable capture  of  the  Atlanta,  which  fitly  crowns  his  past  career, 
at  once  the  pledge  and  inspiration  of  the  future."  [Resolu- 
tion  No.  7,  Acts  of  1864.] 

Russell,  John  H. 

Midshipman,  10  September,  1841 ;  Passed  Midshipman,  10 
August,  1847;  Master,  14  September,  1855;  Lieutenant,  15 
September,  1855;  Lieut-Commander,  16  July,  1862;  Com- 
mander, 25  July,  1866;  Captain,  12  February,  1874. 

The  thanks  of  the  legislature  tendered  to  Lieut.  John  H. 
Russell  (a  native  of  Montgomery  county)  for  his  gallantry  and 
daring  in  running  into  Pensacola  harbor,  directly  under  the 
guns  of  the  enemy,  and  firing  and  destroying  the  Rebel  Pirate 
Judith.     [Resolution  No.  8,  Acts  of  1862.] 

Saunders,  John  Selden,  1836-1904. 

Born  at  Norfolk,  Va.,  30  January,  1836 ;  educated  at  Nor- 
folk, and  at  St.  James'  College,  Md. ;  gradauted  from  U.  S. 
Military  Academy,  1858;  resigned  from  army  22  April,  1861; 
appointed  1st  Lieutenant  C.  S.  Artillery,  1861 ;  promoted  to 
Captain  and  Lieutenant-Colonel;  removed  to  Baltimore  in  1867 
and  entered  the  service  of  the  Maryland  National  Guard  as 
Colonel  and  Brigade  Inspector;  appointed  Adjutant  General 
of  Maryland,  7  February,  1900 ;  died  at  Annapolis,  10  Janu- 
ary, 1904.  Buried  with  military  honors  from  the  Fifth  Regi- 
ment Armory,   in  Greenmount  Cemetery. 

"Whereas,  The  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  has  heard  with 
deep  regret  of  the  death  of  General  John  S.  Saunders,  the  late 
Adjutant  General  of  the  Maryland  National  Guard ;   and 

"Whereas,  His  distinguished  services  as  a  soldier  in  the 
armies  of  the  United  States  and  of  the  Confederate  States  of 


America  and  in  the  Maryland  National  Guard  are  part  of  his- 
tory, and  form  a  bright  page  in  the  records  of  Maryland,  and 

"Whereas,  His  services  to  the  State  of  Maryland  as  Adjutant 
General  were  of  such  an  exceptional  character  as  to  result  in 
the  development  of  the  efficiency  of  the  Maryland  National 
Guard  to  a  higher  point  than  it  had  ever  before  reached; 
therefore  be  it 

"Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  that  in  the 
death  of  the  late  General  John  S.  Saunders,  the  State  of  Mary- 
land recognizes  that  the  country  has  lost  a  true  soldier  whose  life 
was  an  inspiration  to  the  citizens  of  the  State  in  true  courage 
and  devotion  to  duty,  and  that  the  State  of  Maryland  has  lost 
an  official  whose  services  were  of  great  benefit  to  the  common- 
wealth, and  those  who  have  been  associated  with  him  have  lost 
a  loyal  and  sincere  friend."      [Resolution  No.  2,  Acts  of  1904.] 

Schley,  Winfield  Scott,  1839-1911. 

Born,  Frederick  county,  October  9,  1839 ;  graduated  from 
U.  S.  Naval  Academy,  1860 ;  served  throughout  the  Civil  War; 
volunteered  for  and  was  placed  in  command  of  the  Greely 
Arctic  Relief  Expedition,  1884;  for  his  success  in  this  expedi- 
tion the  Massachusetts  Humane  Society  gave  him  a  gold  medal 
of  the  first  class;  served  through  Spanish- American  War;  was 
presented  with  a  magnificent  jeweled  and  gold  sword  by  the 
people  of  Philadelphia;  another  jeweled  sword  was  presented 
by  the  Royal  Arcanum;  a  gold  medal  set  with  jewels  was  pre- 
sented by  the  people  of  Maryland;  died,  New  York  City, 
October  2,  1911. 

rt  Whereas,  Commander  Winfield  Scott  Schley,  U.  S.  N.,  a 
native  of  this  state,  was  appointed  by  President  Chester  A. 
Arthur  to  command  the  Greely  Relief  Expedition  of  eighteen 
hundred  and  eighty-four,  to  the  Arctic  Regions,  in  search  of 
Lieutenant  A.  W.  Greely,  U.  S.  A.,  and  his  comrades ;  and, 

'  Whereas,  said  service  was  perilous,  demanding  skill,  per- 
severance and  courage  in  the  presence  of  hourly  danger ;  and, 

xe  Whereas,  the  said  Expedition  succeeded  in  rescuing  said 
Greely  and  six  of  his  comrades  from  imminent  death ;  therefore, 

"  Be  it  resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That 
the  thanks  of  the  State  of  Maryland,  be  and  they  are  hereby 


tendered  to  Commander  Winfield  Scott  Schley,  Commander 
George  W.  Coffin,  Lieutenant  William  H.  Emory,  Jr.,  Lieuten- 
ant Charles  J.  Badger,  Dr.  Howard  E.  Ames,  Dr.  Edward  H. 
Green,  and  to  the  other  officers,  and  to  George  E.  Ye  well  and 
the  other  men  of  said  Expedition,  for  braving  the  peril  and 
severity  of  the  Arctic  Regions,  upon  a  mission  of  humanity, 
which  was  crowned  with  success. 

"  Resolved,  That  as  a  memorial  of  the  skill,  foresight  and 
determination  of  the  Commander  of  said  Expedition,  and  of 
its  results,  which  added  lustre  to  his  State  and  Country,  the 
Governor  of  this  State  be  and  he  is  hereby  authorized  to  pro- 
cure and  present  to  Commander  Winfield  Scott  Schley,  U.  S.  N., 
a  gold  chronometer  watch,  with  the  following  {inscription : 
'  The  State  of  Maryland  to  Commander  Winfield  Scott  Schley, 
U.  S.  'N.j  for  his  heroism  and  memorable  service  in  rescuing 
Lieutenant  A.  W.  Greely,  U.  S.  A.,  and  six  of  his  comrades 
from  death,  at  Cape  Sabine,  in  the  Arctic  Regions,  on  June 
22,  1884.'  "     [Resolution  No.  11,  Acts  of  1886.] 

See  also,  Resolution  4,  Acts  of  1890,  and  Resolutions  1  and  2, 
Acts  of  1902. 

Chapter  31,  Acts  of  1902,  provided  for  the  purchase  of  a 
bust  of  Admiral  Schley,  by  Ernest  Keyser,  to  be  placed  in  the 
State  House. 

Schmuck:,  Jacob,  -1835. 

Born  in  Germany;  3d  Lieutenant,  2d  Artillery,  10  Feb., 
1814;  1st  Lieutenant,  20  April,  1818;  transferred  to  4th 
Artillery,  1  June,  1821;  Captain,  11  April,  1825;  died,  10 
April,  1835. 

Brevetted  25  July,  1814,  1st  Lieutenant  for  gallant  conduct 
at  the  battle  of  Niagara;  Brevetted  Captain,  25  July,  1824,  for 
ten  years  faithful  service  in  one  grade. 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  his 
Excellency  the  Governor,  procure  a  sword  with  suitable  devices 
and  ornaments,  and  present  it,  in  the  name  of  the  State,  to 
Captain  Jacob  Schmuck,  of  the  United  States  Army,  as  a  tes- 
timony of  the  high  sense  entertained  by  his  native  state  of 
his  distinguished  and  gallant  services  to  his  country,  on  the 
northwestern  frontier,  during  the  late  war  with  Great  Britain." 
[Resolution  No.  98,  Acts  of  1834.] 


"  Besolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  His 
Excellency  the  Governor,  be  requested  to  ascertain  the  value 
of  the  sword,  which  was  directed  to  be  presented  to  Captain 
Jacob  Schmuck,  late  of  the  United  States  Army,  under  a  reso- 
lution of  the  last  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  number 
ninety-eight,  and  to  draw  on  the  Treasurer  of  the  Western 
Shore  for  the  amount  thereof,  and  present  the  same  to  Ellen 
Schmuck,  widow  of  Captain  Jacob  Schmuck  aforesaid,  or  to 
pay  the  same  to  her  order,  as  the  case  may  be,  for  the  use  and 
education  of  Catharine  Schmuck,  his  daughter  and  only  child." 
[Resolution  No.  16,  Acts  of  1835.] 

Semmes,  Raphael,  1809-1877. 

Born  in  Charles  county,  Maryland,  Sept.  27,  1809 ;  appoint- 
ed Midshipman,  1826;.  while  awaiting  orders,  studied  law  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar;  Lieutenant,  TJ.  S.  N.  1837;  served 
with  distinction  throughout  the  Mexican  War;  resigned,  Feb. 
15,  1861  and  entered  the  Confederate  Navy;  commanded  the 
Alabama;  after  the  war  returned  to  the  practice  of  law,  and 
devoted  himself  largely  to  literary  pursuits ;  died,  Mobile,  Ala., 
August  30,  1877. 

"  Whereas,  Lieut.  Raphael  Semmes,  of  the  United  States 
Navy,  a  native  of  this  State,  having  distinguished  himself  by 
his  gallantry  in  the  naval  battery  at  the  siege  and  bombard- 
ment of  Vera  Cruz,  and  as  aid  to  General  Worth  at  the  battles 
of  Contreras,  Cherubusco,  Molino  del  Rey,  Chapultepec,  and 
the  City  of  Mexico,  and  in  the  language  of  Gen.  Worth's  report 
to  the  General-in-Chief : 

"  To  Lieut.  Semmes  of  the  Navy,  volunteer  aid-de-camp,  the 
most  cordial  thanks  of  the  General  of  the  division  are  tendered, 
for  his  uniform  gallantry  and  assistance,  and  the  General-in- 
Chief  is  requested  to  present  the  conduct  of  this  accomplished 
and  gallant  officer  to  the  special  notice  of  the  chief  of  his  dis- 
tinguished branch  of  the  public  service,  our  glorious  navy." — 

Be  it  resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That 
the  thanks  and  congratulations  of  the  Legislature  of  his  native 
State  are  hereby  tendered  to  Lieut.  Semmes,  for  his  gallant  con- 
duct during  the  present  war  with  Mexico,  and  we  cordially 
recommend  him  to  the  favorable  consideration  of  the  Executive 
of  our  National  Government  for  promotion. 


Resolved,  That  His  Excellency  the  Governor  be  requested  to 
transmit  to  Lieut.  Raphael  Semmes  a  copy  of  the  foregoing 
resolution,  also  a  copy  to  the  President  of  the  United  States, 
duly  authenticated."    [Resolution  'No.  58,  Acts  of  1847.] 

Shelby,  Isaac,  1750-1826. 

Born  near  Hagerstown,  11  December,  1750,  the  son  of  Genl. 
Evan  Shelby ;  became  a  surveyor  in  western  Virginia ;.  in  1774 
he  was  a  lieutenant  in  his  father's  company  at  the  battle  with 
Indians,  at  Point  Pleasant,  Ya. ;  Captain  in  1776 ;  member  of 
Virginia  Legislature  in  1779  and  commissioned  Major  the 
same  year ;  Colonel  in  1780 ;  at  the  Battle  of  King's  Mountain, 
7  Oct.,  1780 ;  member  of  the  Legislature  of  North  Carolina, 
1781-82  and  received  from  that  body  a  vote  of  thanks  and  a 
sword;  in  1788  he  settled  in  Lincoln  County,  Kentucky,  and 
after  the  separation  of  Kentucky  from  Virginia  and  the  forma- 
tion of  a  Constitution,  he  became  Governor,  1792-96,  and  again, 
1812-16 ;  during  the  War  of  1812  he  was  distinguished  at  the 
battle  of  the  Thames;  died,  18  July,  1826. 

By  the  resolution  of  Congress  of  April  4,  1818,  he  was  given 
thanks  of  Congress  and  awarded  a  gold  medal.  [Loubat,  51 ; 
265,  pi.  lii.] 

Smallwood,  William,  1732-1792. 

Born  in  Kent  county,  1732 ;  educated  in  England;  served  in 
the  French  and  Indian  War;  distinguished  himself  at  the 
Battle  of  Long  Island,  1775  ;  served  throughout  the  Revolution ; 
Elected  to  Congress,  1785 ;  Elected  Governor  of  Maryland, 
Nov.,  1785 ;  died  in  Prince  George's  county,  Feb.  14,  1792. 

Received  the  thanks  of  Congress  for  his  part  in  the  Camden 
campaign.    See  text  of  resolution  under  Gist. 

Smoot,  Joseph,  -1857. 

Midshipman,  Dec.  1,  1809;  Lieutenant,  April  27,  1816; 
Commander,  March  3,  1835 ;  Captain,  Sept.  8,  1841 ;  Reserv- 
ed list,  Oct.  1,  1855;  died,  March  13,  1857. 


Sword  ordered  by  the  Legislature  for  "  the  gallantry  and 
good  conduct  of  Joseph  Smoot,  a  native  of  this  State,  and  now 
a  Lieutenant  in  the  Navy  of  the  IT.  S."  in  the  actions  between 
the  Hornet  and  Peacock,  and  Hornet  and  Penguin.  [Resolu- 
tion No.  11,  Acts  of  1829.] 

Resolution  No.  1,  of  the  Acts  of  1858,  recites  that  the  "  late 
Captain  Joseph  Smoot  felt  himself  aggrieved  by  the  action 
of  the  Government  of  the  U.  S.  under  the  act  entitled  an  act, 
to  promote  the  efficiency  of  the  Navy ;  and  that  while  suffering 
under  what  he  conceived  to  be  the  wrong  and  injustice  done  to 
him,  he  departed  this  life  in  sadness  and  sorrow  and  [Mrs. 
Ann  E.  Smoot,  his  widow]  feeling  on  her  part,  that  it  would 
not  be  proper  under  the  circumstances  for  her  longer  to  retain 
the  sword,  .  .  .  has  therefore  returned  the  same  to  the  State." 

The  Governor  was  requested  "  to  present  the  sword,  which 
has  thus  been  returned  to  the  State,  to  Algernon  Sydney  Smoot, 
son  of  the  late  Captain  Smoot,  with  a  charge  that  he  shall 
cherish  it  as  a  testimonial  of  the  high  appreciation  of  the  State 
of  Maryland,  for  the  distinguished  services  of  his  deceased 
father,  and  that  it  shall  never  be  drawn  from  its  scabbard  for 
use,  except  in  defence  of  his  country,  her  rights,  or  her  sacred 

Sproston,  John  Glendig,  -1862. 

Midshipman,  15  July,  1846 ;  Passed  Midshipman,  8  June, 
1852;  Master,  15  September,  1855;  Lieutenant,  16  September, 
1855;  killed,  8  June,  1862. 

"  Resolved,  That  the  thanks  of  the  Legislature  of  Maryland 
are  due,  and  hereby  tendered  to  Lieutenant  John  H.  Russell, 
a  native  of  Montgomery  county,  in  this  State,  for  his  gallantry 
and  daring  in  running  into  Pensacola  harbor,  directly  under 
the  guns  of  the  enemy,  and  firing  and  destroying  the  Rebel 
Pirate  Judith;  and  that  in  connection  with  the  name  of  Lieu- 
tenant Russell,  that  of  Lieutenant  John  Glendig  Sproston,  of 
the  City  of  Baltimore,  be  associated ;  and  that  this  General  As- 
sembly appreciate  the  conduct  and  the  success  of  Captain  Hugh 
G.  Purviance  (a  citizen  of  Baltimore)  of  the  United  States 
ship  St.  Lawrence,  in  her  attack  and  destruction  of  the  privateer 
Petrel,  of  the  so-called  Southern  Confederacy."  [Resolution 
No.  8,  Acts  of  1862.] 

246  maryland  historical  magazine. 

Sterrett,  Andrew.     1760-1807 

Born,  Baltimore,  Md.,  1760;  died  Lima,  Peru,  January  9, 
1807;  Lieutenant,  U.  S.  Navy,  March  25,  1769 ;  resigned  June 
29,  1805. 

"  A  sword  commemorative  of  the  gallant  conduct  of  Lieu- 
tenant Sterrett  of  the  schooner  Enterprise,  in  the  capture  of  a 
Tripolitan  corsair  of  14  guns  and  eighty  men,  presented  by 
Congress."     [Approved  February  3,  1802.] 

Sterett,  Isaac  S. 

Midshipman,  24  March,  1819;  Lieutenant,  17  May,  1828; 
Commander,  5  February,  1850;  Captain,  2  March,  1887;  re- 
signed, 23  April,  1861. 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  this  body  are  justly  due  to  Isaac  S.  Sterrett,  a  citizen 
of  Maryland  and  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Navy  of  the  United 
States,  for  his  gallantry  and  good  conduct  during  the  war  with 

"  Resolved,  That  His  Excellency  the  Governor,  be  requested 
to  transmit  to  Lieutenant  Isaac  S.  Sterrett  a  copy  of  this  reso- 
lution duly  authenticated."      [Resolution  No  13,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Stewart,  James  E. 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  this  body  are  due  to  Captain  James  E.  Stewart,  of 
the  Baltimore  and  District  of  Columbia  Battalion,  for  his  gal- 
lant conduct  in  Mexico,  and  that  the  Governor  be  requested  to 
send  a  copy  of  this  resolution,  duly  authenticated,  to  that  offi- 
cer."     [Kesolution  No.  16,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Stewart,  John. 

A  Major  of  infantry,  served  under  General  Wayne,  and  for 
his  gallantry  at  the  storming  of  Stony  Point,  on  the  Hudson 
River,  July  15,  1779,  Congress  voted  him  a  silver  medal.  No 
trustworthy  information  can  be  found  concerning  him.  He  is 
said  to  have  been  born  in  Ireland  and  was  reported  to  have 
died  near  Charleston,  South  Carolina,  from  injuries  caused  by 
a  fall  from  his  horse.     Supposed  to  be  the  "  Major  Jack  Stew- 


art "  who  was  commissioned  lieutenant-colonel  of  1st  Maryland 
regiment,  10  February,  1781.      [Loubat,  5;  28,  pi.  v.] 

Stone,  Thomas,  1743-1787. 

Born  in  Charles  county  in  1743 ;  completed  preparatory 
studies;  studied  law,  admitted  to  the  bar,  and  began  practice 
in  Frederick,  Md.,  in  1764;  moved  to  Charles  county,  in  1771; 
state  senator,  1779-1783 ;  delegate  to  the  continental  Congress, 
1775-1779  and  1784-1785;  died  in  Alexandria,  Va.,  October 
5,  1787. 

By  resolution  ISTo.  89  of  1834  (q.  v.  under  Chase),  the  Gov- 
ernor was  authorized  to  have  painted  full  length  portraits  of 
Stone,  Chase  and  Paca  for  the  State  House. 

Chapter  404  of  the  Acts  of  1874,  directed  that  portraits  of 
Stone,  Paca  and  Johnson,  suitably  framed,  be  painted  and  con- 
tributed to  the  collection  in  Independence  Hall,  Philadelphia. 

Stouffer,,  Captain. 

Captain  Stouffer  of  the  ship  Antarctic,  a  citizen  of  Balti- 
more, was  awarded  gold  medal  and  $7,500  by  Congress ;  medals 
given  by  New  York  and  Philadelphia  and  a  watch  by  the  N".  Y. 
Corn  Exchange.  Daily  papers  of  June  18,  1868.  [See  Loubat, 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  the 
thanks  of  this  State  be,  and  they  are  hereby  tendered  to  Captain 
Creighton,  of  the  Bark  Three  Bells,  Captain  Lowe,  of  the  Kilby, 
and  Captain  Stouffer,  of  the  Antarctic,  for  their  noble  and 
humane  conduct  in  rescuing  so  many  valuable  lives  from  the 
wreck  of  the  ill-fated  Steamer  San  Francisco. 

"Resolved,  That  the  thanks  of  their  native  State  are  also 
tendered  to  Captain  James  T.  Watkins,1  the  noble  and  heroic 
commander  of  the  unfortunate  Steamship  San  Francisco,  and 
to  Major  Wise,1  Lieutenants  W.  A.  Winder  and  Charles  S. 
Winder,  and  Lieutenant  Prank  Key  Murray,  for  their  courage- 
ous and  gallant  bearing  during  those  trying  scenes."  [Resolu- 
tion No.  9,  Acts  of  1854.] 

1  Unidentified. 

248  maryland  historical  magazine. 

Swan,  Kobert. 

Second  lieutenant  of  infantry,  Feb.  23,  1847;  voltigeurs, 
April  9,  1847;  honorably  mustered  out,  Aug.  31,  1848. 

"  The  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  tendered  for  intrepid 
and  gallant  conduct  in  all  the  battles  of  the  Valley  of  Mexico." 
[Kesolution  No.  79,  Acts  of  1849.] 

Taney,  Koger  Brooke,  1777-1864. 

Born,  Calvert  county,  17  March,  1777 ;  admitted  to  the  Bar 
in  1799;  Member  of  the  House  of  Delegates,  1800;  State 
Senator,  1816  ;  appointed  Attorney-General  of  Maryland,  1827; 
Attorney-General  of  the  U.  S.,  1831 ;.  Chief  Justice  of  the 
U.  S.  Supreme  Court,  1836;  died,  Washington,  D.  C,  12 
October,  1864. 

"  That  five  thousand  dollars  or  so  much  thereof  as  may  be 
necessary,  is  hereby  appropriated  to  the  building,  or  erecting 
a  suitable  monument  over  the  remains  of  the  late  Chief  Justice 
Taney,  on  some  suitable  site  in  the  State  House  yard,  or  in 
the  State  House  itself."     [Chapter  71,  Acts  of  1867,  p.  100.] 

:c  Whereas,  it  is  proper  and  right  that  the  public  service  of 
so  great  and  good  a  man  as  the  late  Chief  Justice  Taney  should 
be  cherished  and  preserved  in  the  memories  of  our  people,  and 
kept  before  the  youth  of  our  State  as  worthy  of  their  emulation. 

"  Be  it  resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That 
a  joint  special  committee  of  three  on  the  part  of  the  Senate, 
and  four  on  the  part  of  the  House  of  Delegates,  be  appointed 
to  request  the  Committee  appointed  under  the  Act  of  the  Gen- 
eral Assembly,  A.  D.  1867,  chapter  56  [71],  to  appear  in  the 
Hall  of  the  House  of  Delegates  on  the  seventeenth  day  of  March 
next,  and  joint  committee  be  authorized  to  secure  the  services 
of  some  distinguished  citizen  of  Maryland  to  deliver  an  oration 
on  the  life  and  public  services  of  the  late  Chief  Justice;  and, 
be  it  further 

"  Resolved,  That  the  said  special  committee  be  instructed  to 
invite  the  Governor,  the  Judges  of  the  Court  of  Appeals,  and 
other  high  officials  of  this  State,  the  Justices  of  the  Supreme 
Court  of  the  United  States,  as  also  the  family  and  relatives  of 
the  late  Chief  Justice,  to  be  present  on  the  occasion."  [Reso- 
lution No.  2,  Acts  of  1874.] 

men  of  maryland  specially  honored.  249 

Tilohman,  Matthew,  1718-1790. 

Born  in  Queen  Anne  county,  Md.,  Feb.  17,  1718 ;  Justice 
for  Talbot  county,  1744-45,  and  Presiding  Justice,  1769; 
Burgess  for  Talbot  county,  1751-58,  and  for  Queen  Anne  coun- 
ty, 1760-61,  and  for  Talbot  again,  1768-74;  Chairman  Com- 
mittee of  Correspondence,  December,  1774,  and  of  tbe  Council 
of  Safety,  July,  1775 ;  President  of  the  Maryland  Conventions 
of  1774,  1776;  Member  of  Congress,  1774-76;  Senator  for 
Talbot  county,  1777-1781 ;  died,  May  4,  1790. 

The  General  Assembly  of  1906,  by  Chapter  504,  appropriat- 
ed six  hundred  dollars  for  painting  his  portrait  for  the  State 

Tome,  Jacob,  1910-1898. 

Born  in  York  county,  Pa.,  August  13,  1810;  merchant, 
capitalist,  banker;  State  Senator  for  Cecil  county,  1864-67; 
founder  of  the  school  at  Port  Deposit  which  bears  his  name; 
died,  March  16,  1898. 

"  'Whereas,  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland  has  heard 
with  profound  regret  of  the  death  of  Jacob  Tome,  late  of  Cecil 
county,  deceased,  and 

"  Whereas,  on  account  of  his  prominent  connection  with  the 
history  of  this  State  and  his  broad-minded  benevolence  in  pro- 
ducing from  his  resources  accumulated  by  a  life  of  industry  and 
integrity,  and  his  great  addition  to  the  educational  advantages 
of  the  State  in  the  endowment  of  the  institute  which  bears  his 
name;  and, 

'  Whereas,  for  the  fact  that  in  his  individual  capacity  as  a 
citizen  and  a  member  of  the  General  Assembly  of  the  State, 
by  his  wisdom  and  financial  knowledge  he  greatly  assisted  the 
State  in  a  time  of  financial  depression  and  of  war  to  preserve 
her  credit,  and  so  supply  her  resources  that  her  financial  in- 
tegrity was  maintained  in  the  foremost  ranks  of  the  States  of 
the  Union,  it  is  but  right  and  proper  that  the  Legislature  of 
Maryland  in  session  assembled  should  give  expression  of  its 
appreciation  of  the  worth  of  one  of  the  State's  foremost  citi- 
zens; therefore, 

"  Be  it  resolved  by  the  General  Assembly,  That  in  the  death 


of  Jacob  Tome  the  State  of  Maryland  recognizes  his  great 
worth  and  mourns  the  death  of  one  of  her  most  useful,  benevo- 
lent and  faithful  citizens. 

"Resolved,  That  his  life  of  fidelity,  industry  and  integrity 
is  one  to  be  pointed  to  with  pride  as  an  example  and  stimulus 
to  the  rising  generation  of  our  citizens.''  [Resolution  No.  9, 
Acts  of  1898.] 

Towson,  Nathan,  1784-1854. 

Born  near  Baltimore,  Jan.  22,  1784;  previous  to  the  war 
of  1812,  he  commanded  a  company  of  volunteer  artillery  and 
was  Adjutant  of  the  7th  Md.  regt. ;  appointed  Captain  in  2d 
U.  S.  Artillery,  March,  1812,  and  on  October  9,  aided  by  Lieut. 
Elliot  of  the  Navy,  captured  the  British  brig  Caledonia,  under 
the  guns  of  Fort  Erie ;  was  engaged  in  the  battle  of  Queenstown, 
in  the  capture  of  Fort  George,  in  the  affair  at  Stony  Creek, 
wounded  at  Fort  George,  took  part  in  the  capture  of  Fort  Erie, 
in  the  battle  of  Chippewa,  and  in  the  front  rank  at  the  battle 
of  Niagara.  In  May,  1816,  he  was  brevetted  Major  and  Lieut.- 
Col.  for  his  achievements,  and  again  in  1849,  as  Major-General 
for  meritorious  services  during  the  Mexican  War;  died,  Wash- 
ington, D.  C,  July  20,  1854. 

The  General  Assembly  by  resolution  63  of  the  Acts  of  1832, 
directed  the  Governor  to  procure  and  present  to  Colonel  Towson 
a  sword,  as  a  testimony  of  the  "  admiration  and  gratitude  of 
his  native  state  for  his  distinguished  gallantry,  and  highly 
valuable  service  during  the  last  war  with  Great  Britain." 
Full  text  under  John  Gallagher. 

Trippe,  John,  -1810. 

A  gallant  officer  of  the  U.  S.  Navy,  entered  the  service  as 
sailing  master,  6  May,  1803,  and  was  made  lieutenant,  9  Jan- 
uary, 1807;  served  under  Preble  in  the  attacks  on  Tripoli, 
July-Sept.,  1804,  and  was  severely  wounded;  died  at  sea  off 
Havana,  9  July,  1810. 

By  resolution  of  March  3,  1805,  Congress  awarded  him  a 
handsome  sword. 


Watson,  William  H.,  1808-1846. 

Born  in  Baltimore,  August  30,  1808;  studied  law;  appoint- 
ed aide  to  Governor  Pratt;  commanded  the  volunteer  company 
"  the  Independent  Blues ;"  Member  of  House  of  Delegates, 
1838,  and  Speaker  of  the  House  in  1843 ;  commissioned  Colonel 
of  the  Maryland  and  District  of  Columbia  Volunteers;  killed 
at  the  Battle  of  Monterey,  Sept.  21,  1846. 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory,  q.  v.  under  Trueman 
Cross.     [Resolution  No.  5,  Acts  of  1846.] 

"  Whereas,  intelligence  has  reached  the  seat  of  government 
that  the  remains  of  Lieutenant  Colonel  William  H.  Watson  and 
Captain  Randolph  Ridgely,  have  been  received  in  the  city  of 
Baltimore  for  interment;  therefore, 

"  Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  as  a 
mark  of  respect  for  the  memory  of  these  distinguished  officers, 
the  Senate  and  House  of  Delegates  will  stand  adjourned  on 
Monday  next,  the  eighth  instant,  the  day  fixed  for  their  funeral 
obsequies,  and  will  unite  in  the  procession. 

"Resolved,  That  His  Excellency  the  Governor  be  requested 
to  cause  the  National  Flag  to  be  displayed  at  half  mast  from  the 
State  House  steeple,  during  the  day  of  the  funeral,  and  that 
he  direct  guns  to  be  fired  between  the  hours  of  twelve  and  three 
o'clock,  at  intervals  of  half  hour,  during  the  march  of  the  pro- 
cession."    [Resolution  ISTo.  66,  Acts  of  1846.] 

Webster,,  John  Adams,  1787-1876. 

Born,  Harford  county,  Md.,  September  19,  1787;  served  as 
third  Lieutenant  on  the  privateer  Rossie  under  Commodore 
Barney;,  served  with  distinction  at  the  battle  of  Bladensburg; 
in  command  of  "  Babcock,"  the  six  gun  battery,  east  of  Fort 
Covington,  during  the  bombardment  of  Baltimore ;  on  Nov.  22, 
1819,  he  was  commissioned  Captain  in  the  revenue  service,  and 
during  the  Mexican  War  he  commanded  a  fleet  of  eight  cutters 
to  co-operate  in  the  campaign  on  Rio  Grande  river  and  before 
Vera  Cruz;  retired  from  active  service  in  1865;  died,  Harford 
county,  Md.,  July  4,  1876. 

"Resolved  by  the  General  Assembly  of  Maryland,  That  his 
Excellency  the  Governor  of  Maryland  procure  a  sword  with 


suitable  ornaments  and  devices,  and  present,  in  the  name  of  his 
native  state,  to  Captain  John  A.  Webster,  for  his  gallant  de- 
fence of  the  battery  committed  to  his  charge,  during  the  mem- 
orable attack  against  the  city  of  Baltimore,  September  the 
twelfth,  eighteen  hundred  and  fourteen."  [Resolution  No.  3, 
Acts  of  1835.] 

A  handsome  sword  also  presented  by  the  citizens  of  Baltimore 
in  1816. 

Whyte,  William  Pinkney,  1824-1908. 

Born,  Baltimore,  Md.,  Aug.  9,  1824;  admitted  to  the  bar  in 
1846;  representative  in  legislature,  1847-48;  Comptroller  of 
the  Treasury  of  Md.,  1853-55;  appointed  to  U.  S.  Senate  to 
fill  unexpired  term  of  Reverdy  Johnson  (July  13,  1868,  March 
3,  1869);  Governor  of  Maryland,  1871-74;  U.  S.  Senator, 
1875-81 ;  Mayor  of  Baltimore,  1881-82 ;  city  solicitor,  1900- 
1903 ;  appointed  to  U.  S.  Senate  to  fill  unexpired  term  of  A.  P. 
Gorman  (June  8,  1906-March  17,  1908);  died,  March  17, 

Resolution  of  respect  to  his  memory,  "  a  deserved  tribute  to 
an  honorable  and  illustrious  career."  [Resolution  No.  11,  Acts 
of  1908.] 

Wilmot,  John,  1778-1858. 

Born  in  Annapolis,  Md.,  in  1778 ;  educated  at  St.  John's 
College;  commissioned  Ensign  in  5th  Md.  Regiment,  Militia, 
1809 ;  served  with  the  Baltimore  United  Volunteers  through 
the  War  of  1812,  being  present  at  Bladensburg  and  North 
Point,  at  the  latter  of  which  he  distinguished  himself  and  was 
mentioned  in  General  Orders ;  appointed  Adjutant  General  of 
Maryland,  10  March,  1856;  died  at  Annapolis,  4  March,  1858. 

His  funeral  services  were  conducted  in  the  hall  of  the  House 
of  Delegates  and  were  attended  by  the  Governor,  the  State  of- 
ficials, and  members  of  the  General  Assembly.  The  State 
House  flag  was  half  masted  in  his  honor  by  direction  of  the 


Winder,  Charles  S. 

Brevet  2d  Lieutenant  4th  Artillery,  1  July,  1850 ;  2d  Lieu- 
tenant 3d  Artillery,  21  July,  1851;  1st  Lieutenant,  5  April, 
1854;  Captain,  9th  Infantry,  3  March,  1855 ;  resigned,  1  April, 

The  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  for  his  courageous  and 
gallant  bearing  on  the  occasion  of  the  wreck  of  the  San  Fran- 
cisco.     [Resolution  No.  9,  Acts  of  1854.]     See  Stouffer. 

Winder,  William  A. 

2d  Lieutenant  3d  Artillery,  24  March,  1848 ;  1st  Lieutenant, 
22  August,  1853 ;  Captain,  14  May  1861 ;  resigned,  18  October. 

The  thanks  of  the  General  Assembly  for  his  courageous  and 
gallant  bearing  on  the  occasion  of  the  wreck  of  the  San  Fran- 
cisco.    [Eesolution  No.  9,  Acts  of  1854.]     See  Stouffer. 



"  To  hold  of  Us,  our  heirs  and  successors,  Kings  of  England, 
as  of  our  Castle  of  Windsor,  in  our  Country  of  Berks,  in  free 
and  common  Soccage,  by  Fealty  only  for  all  services,  and  not 
in  Capite,  nor  by  Knights  service,  Yielding  therefore,  unto  Us, 
our  heirs  and  successors  Two  Indian  Arrows  of  those  parts,  to 
be  delivered  at  the  said  Castle  of  Windsor,  every  year,  on  Tues- 
day in  Easter  week;  and  also  the  fifth  part  of  all  Cold  and 
Silver  Ore  which  shall  happen  from  time  to  time  to  be  found 
within  the  aforesaid  limits." 

The  Maryland  Historical  Society  has  recently  secured  by 
purchase  a  receipt  taken  in  1780  by  Henry  Harford  for  a  pay- 
ment of  two  Indian  Arrows  yielded  by  him  as  rental  for  the 
province  of  Maryland.  Although  at  this  date  Harford's  au- 
thority was  not  recognized  in  Maryland,  it  is  evident  that  as 


a  matter  of  precaution  he  continued  the  payment  of  his  rent  to 
the  Crown,  doubtless  intending  to  enter  his  receipt  as  evidence 
in  the  Chancery  proceedings  which  later  he  instituted  for  reim- 
bursement by  the  Crown  for  damages  which  his  estate  had 
suffered  through  his  loyalty  during  the  War  of  the  Revolution. 
This  receipt  of  1780  is  given  below,  together  with  the  calendar 
numbers  of  thirty-eight  receipts  for  a  similar  payment  made  by 
the  several  Lords  Proprietary  between  the  years  1633  and 
1765,  all  of  which  are  to  be  found  among  the  Calvert  Papers. 
As  far  as  is  known,  these  are  the  only  existing  receipts,  but  as 
the  Harford  receipt  was  purchased  only  a  year  ago,  it  is  pos- 
sible that  others  may  be  discovered  from  time  to  time.  At  any 
rate  those  presented  here  are  sufficient  evidence  that  neither  the 
Lords  Proprietary  nor  the  officers  of  the  Crown  regarded  the 
nominal  rental  named  in  the  Charter  as  a  meaningless  legal 
form.  The  rent  was  paid  regularly,  and  one  of  the  receipts 
given  in  full  below  is  for  four  arrows,  two  of  which  represented 
the  unpaid  rent  of  the  year  before,  which  happened  to  be  the 
year  1654  when  Lord  Baltimore's  government  in  Maryland  was 
overthrown  by  the  Puritans  of  Annapolis. 

Whether  each  year  two  new  arrows  were  sent  over  from  Mary- 
land for  the  payment  of  the  rental,  or  whether  Brother  Peasely 
and  Caecilius  the  Secretary  and  others  kept  in  their  London 
offices  two  stock  arrows  which  they  presented  regularly  every 
year  at  Windsor  and  which  were  as  regularly  returned  to  them, 
the  form  having  been  complied  with,  is  a  question  difficult  of 
decision.  To  "  touch  and  remit "  was  an  ancient  custom  in  all 
lands  in  certain  cases  of  tribute  payment,  and  it  is  probable 
that  some  such  procedure  was  followed  for  many  years  when 
my  lord's  agent  journeyed  to  Windsor  and  solemnly  presented 
to  the  Governor  of  the  Castle,  or  to  the  keeper  of  his  majesty's 
wardrobe  or  even  to  the  gunner  the  two  Indian  arrows  from 
Maryland.  We  can  be  sure  that  the  first  year's  payment,  care- 
fully noted  by  Caecilius,  consisted  of  two  of  the  best  and  newest 
arrows  which  he  could  procure. 

An  interesting  circumstance  in  the  history  of  the  proprietary 


provinces  of  America,  particularly  of  Maryland,  is  the  survival 
in  their  charters  of  feudal  customs  of  land  tenure.  Theoreti- 
cally the  title  to  all  land  was  derived  from  the  sovereign,  who 
parcelled  it  among  certain  lords.  In  their  turn,  these  made 
further  divisions  and  the  process  continued  until  the  smallest 
landholders  were  reached  in  the  descending  scale.  Each  land- 
holder owed  his  overlord  some  form  of  rental,  either  in  kind  or 
in  service,  or  in  both,  and  the  service  thus  paid  was  the  basis 
of  the  labor  system  and  military  establishment  of  the  country. 
Kilty  has  an  interesting  summary  of  Blackstone's  discussion 
of  the  nature  of  these  services  and  of  the  principles  of  feudal 
tenure  in  general.  The  following  extract  is  from  the  Land- 
Holders  Assistant,  page  24 : 

"  These  services  in  respect  to  their  quality  were  either  free 
or  base  services;  in  respect  to  their  quantity  and  the  time  of 
exacting  them  were  either  certain  or  uncertain.  ...  '  The 
certain  services  whether  free  or  base,  were  such  as  were  stinted 
m  quantity,  and  could  not  be  exceeded  on  any  pretence;  as  to 
pay  a  stated  annual  rent,  or  to  plough  such  a  field  for  three 
days:  The  uncertain  depended  upon  unknown  contingencies; 
as,  to  do  a  military  service  in  person  or  pay  an  assessment  in 
lieu  of  it  when  called  upon;  or  to  wind  a  horn  whenever  the 
Scots  invaded  the  realm,  which  are  free  services,  or  to  do  what- 
ever the  Lord  should  command,  which  is  a  base  or  villein 

"  Tenure  is  a  stipulated  condition  under  which  (among  other 
things)  real  property  is  held:  The  person  holding  Land  under 
feudal  tenure  is  called  a  tenant,  and  the  property  itself  a  tene- 
ment. Of  tenements  there  were  two  kinds,  frank  tenement  and 
Villeinage :  Of  the  former  some  were  held  freely,  in  considera- 
tion of  homage  or  Knight  service;  others  in  free  socage  with  the 
service  of  fealty  only.  ...  Of  the  two  kinds  comprehended  in 
Frank  tenement  the  tenure  by  Knights  service,  or  in  Chivalry, 
was  the  most  universal  and  esteemed  the  most  honorable  species, 
but  drew  after  it  certain  fruits  and  consequences  so  burthensome 
as  to  make  it  less  desirable  than  that  of  common  socage,  and  was 


attended  by  the  particular  disadvantage  of  uncertainty,  at  least 
in  respect  to  time,  in  the  services  to  be  performed.  The  services 
by  free  socage  were  like  the  others  free  and  honourable  in  their 
nature,  and  had  the  advantage  of  being  reduced  to  an  absolute 
certainty.  It  is  by  this  tenure,  to  wit,  free  and  common  socage, 
by  fealty  only  for  all  services,  that  Lord  Baltimore  held  the 
grant  of  Maryland,  and  under  the  same  his  grants  were  made  to 
the  settlers." 

The  following  definition  given  in  Bouvier's  Law  Dictionary 
supplies  a  satisfactory  derivation  of  the  word  socage  or  soccage : 
"  This  word,  according  to  the  earlier  common  law  writers, 
originally  signified  a  service  rendered  by  a  tenant  to  his  lord,  by 
the  soke  or  ploughshare ;  but  Mr.  Sommer's  etymology,  referred 
to  by  Blackstone,  seems  more  apposite,  who  derives  it  from  the 
Saxon  word  soc,  which  signifies  liberty  or  privilege,  denoting 
thereby  a  free  or  privileged  tenure." 

The  rental  of  lands  held  under  socage  tenure  has  taken  many 
curious  forms.  There  is  record  of  an  estate  held  by  a  tenant 
whose  overlord  was  to  receive  from  him  annually  a  rose,  and  of 
another  the  rental  of  which  was  a  pair  of  gilt  spurs,  but  the  most 
common  rents  under  socage  tenure  were  payments  in  kind,  such 
as  a  pair  of  capons  or  a  bushel  of  corn.  The  manors  held  in 
Maryland  of  the  Lords  Proprietary  were  under  socage  tenure 
and  their  rental  was  generally  in  kind.  These  rentals  in  kind 
are  easily  understood,  but  for  an  explanation  of  such  unusual 
payments  as  a  pair  of  spurs  or  two  arrows,  it  is  necessary  again 
to  refer  to  an  extract  from  the  erudite  Kilty,  who  writes  as 
follows : 

u  To  close  our  explanation  of  socage  tenure,  it  is  to  be 
observed  that  this  is  deemed  to  include  under  it  all  other  meth- 
ods of  holding  free  lands  by  certain  invariable  rents  and 
duties: — Among  these  is  Petit  Sergeanty,  which,  as  defined  by 
Littleton,  '  consists  in  holding  lands  of  the  King  by  the  service 
of  rendering  to  him  annually  some  small  implement  of  war,  as  a 
bow,  a  sword,  a  lance,  an  arrow,  or  the  like.'  It  is  possibly  under 
this  custom  that  Lord  Baltimore  was  bound  in  acknowledgment 


lor  his  grant  of  Maryland  to  deliver  annually  at  the  King's 
Uastle  of  Windsor  '  two  Indian  arrows  of  those  parts.'  Services 
md  rents  are  very  much  confounded  with  each  other  in  all 
tccounts  of  feudal  customs,  but  as  Lord  Baltimore  held  by 
!ealty  in  lieu  of  all  other  services,  and  as  the  payment  of  two 
irrows  is  not  a  personal  service,  the  render  or  '  Yielding '  of 
hese  implements  ought  probably  to  be  considered  as  an  annual 

There  was  a  continuous  struggle  from  the  earliest  days  of 
eudalism  on  the  parts  of  landholders  to  force  the  landlords 
o  commute  their  rentals  from  the  "uncertain"  military  or  per- 
onal  service  to  the  more  satisfactory  if  less  glorious  "certain" 
ervice  represented  by  a  fixed  rental.  "Free  and  common 
ocage  "  was  the  goal  toward  which  they  aimed,  and  gradually 
n  the  English  documents  these  words  began  to  displace  the 
Id  term,  "by  Knights  service."  The  change  was  accomplished 
'ery  slowly,  however,  and  as  late  as  the  year  1623,  we  find 
hat  the  tenure  of  Lord  Baltimore's  province  of  Avalon  was 
'  in  capite  by  Knights  service,  and  yielding  therefor  to  us  our 
leirs  and  successors,  a  white  horse  whensoever  and  as  often 
s  it  shall  happen  that  wee,  our  heirs  or  successors  shall  come 
ato  the  said  Territory  or  Region."  Under  the  circumstances 
bis  service  could  never  have  become  onerous,  but  as  a  matter 
f  principle  the  tenure  of  Maryland  by  common  socage  was  a 
lore  satisfactory  form  for  the  Proprietary  from  many  stand- 
points. In  this  matter  of  its  form  of  tenure  the  Avalon  grant 
ras  anachronistic,  for  the  first  charter  of  Virginia,  granted 
a  1606,  provided  that  the  tenure  of  that  territory  should 
e  by  "  free  and  common  socage,"  and  in  the  first  year  after 
ae  restoration  of  Charles  II,  the  Act  of  Tenure  of  Parlia- 
lent  abolished  once  for  all  the  tenure  of  land  "  by  Knights 
3rvice,"  and  practically  all  existing  forms  of  tenure  were 
lerged  into  that  by  socage.  Feudalism  was  brought  to  an  end 
i  England  by  the  passage  of  the  Act  of  Tenure  of  1660. 

The  Harford  receipt  is  accompanied  by  Speed's  Map  of  Vir- 
inia,  taken  from  his  "Prospect  of  the  most  famous  parts  of  the 


World.  London,  1676."  On  the  back  of  the  map  is  a  Descrip- 
tion of  Maryland,  in  which  occurs  the  paragraph  from  the 
Charter,  concerning  the  annual  rental  of  the  two  arrows.  The 
text  of  the  receipt  is  as  follows: 

28  March  1780. 

Kecd:  this  28th  day  of  March  1780,  being  Tuesday  in 
Easter  Week  at  this  his  Majesty's  Castel  of  Windsor  from 
Henry  Harford  Esqr  Lord  Proprietary  of  the  Province  of 
Maryland  in  America,  by  the  Hands  of  Hugh  Hamersley,  Esqr 
Secretary  of  the  Same  Province  Two  Indian  Arrows  of  Those 

I  say  E-ecd.  in  the  Absence  of  General  Phillips  Deputy 
Governour  of  Windsor  Castle. 

p.  me  William  Jarman,  Gunner. 

The  receipts  from  the  aCalvert  Papers"  follow,  the  first 
being  number  841 : 

Coppy  of  my  letter  to  the  Deputy  Constable  of  Windsor 
Castle  when  I  sent  my  first  rent  of  2  Indian  Arrowes  for  Mary- 
land, by  John  Langford. 

By  a  late  grant  of  a  Territory  or  continent  of  land  called 
Maryland  in  America,  passed  vnto  me  under  the  greate  seal 
of  England  I  am  to  pay  his  Matie  every  yeare  on  the  Tuesday 
in  Easter  weeke  at  his  castle  of  Windsor  two  Indian  arrowes: 
as  a  yearlie  rent  for  the  said  Territory.  Wtel1  Arrowes  I  have 
accordingly  sent  by  this  bearer  my  servant  to  be  payd  accord- 
ingly and  I  desire  yor  acquittance  for  the  receipt  of  them  so 
I  rest 

Yor  loving  friend 

23  April  1633. 

No.  842  Tuesday  the  23rd  day  of  Aprill  1633  in  the  Ninth 
yeare  of  the  raigne  of  or  Soveraigne  Lord  Kinge  Charles. 

Memorand.  that  the  day  and  yeare  above  said  the  right 
Honorable  Cecill  Lord  Baltimore  hath  tendered  and  left  by 
the  handes  of  his  servant  John  Langford  at  and  wth  in  the 


Castle  of  Windsor  in  the  Countie  of  Berk  Two  Indian  Arrowes 
for  one  yeares  rent  due  to  the  Kinges  Matie  this  present  day 
for  a  Territory  or  continent  of  land  called  Maryland  in  Amer- 
ica granted  by  his  Matie  vnder  the  great  Seale  of  England 
to  the  said  Lord  Baltimore  vnder  the  yearlie  rent  aforesaid. 
In  testimonie  whereof  we  have  herevnto  subscribed  the  day 
and  yeare  abovesaid. 

W.  Thomas,  keeper  of  his  Mties  Wardrobe 
James  Furleigh. 
George  Starkey. 

Endorsed:     A  certificate  of  the  tendring  of  my  rent  to  the 

king  at  Windsor  Castle  for  Maryland:  by  the  hands  of  John 


W.  843.    Aprill  8th  1634.     Signed  by  George  Starkey;  arrows 

delivered  by  John  Langford. 
No.  844.     Aprill  19,  1636.     Signed  by  W.  Thomas;  arrows 

delivered  by  Langford. 
No.  845.     April  1637.     Signed  by  Wm.  Thomas. 
No.  846.     March    27,    1638.      Signed    by    George    Starkey; 

arrows  delivered  by  Langford. 
No.  847.    Aprill  7,  1640.     Signed  by  George  Starkey. 
No.  848.     Aprill  27,  1641.    Signed  by  George  Starkey;  arrows 

delivered  by  Richard  Dudley. 
No.  849.     Aprill  12,  1642.     Signed  by  W.  Thomas. 
No.  850.    Aprill  4,  1643.     Signed  by  George  Starkey ;  arrows 

delivered  by  Richard  Eludd. 
No.   851.     Endorsed:   Copy  of  ye  acquittance  for  4  Indian 

Arrows  payd  then  at  Windsor  Castle  by  me  John  Lang- 
Tuesday  in  Easter  Week,  the  17  of  Aprill  1655. 
Md.     The  day  and  yeare  above  written  the  Right  Honble 
Cecill  Lord  Baltemore  by  his  servant  John  Langford  gent  hath 
left,  tendered  and  delivered  at  the  Castle  of  Windsor  in  the 
County  of  Berks  to  the  use  of  his  highness  the  Lord  protector 
of  the  Commonwealth  of  England,  Scotland  and  Ireland  and 


the  Dominions  therto  belonging,  two  Indian  Arrowes  for  one 
yeares  rent  for  the  said  Province  ending  the  day  of  the  date 
hereof  and  also  two  more  of  the  like  arrowes  for  another  yeares 
rent  for  the  sayd  Province  wch  was  due  for  one  yeare  ended 
on  Easter  Tuesday  last  past  1654.  I  say  received  to  the  use 
of  his  said  Highness  as  aforesaid  by  mee. 

No.  852.     Aprill  8,  1656.     Signed  by  Xpr.  Whichcote,  Gover- 
nour  of  the  Castle  under  his  highness ;  arrows  delivered  by 
No.  853.     March  31,  1657.     Signed  by  Xpr.  Whichcote;  ar- 
rows delivered  by  Langford. 
No.  854.     Aprill  13,  1658.     Signed  by  Cpr.  Whichcote;  ar- 
rows delivered  by  Langford. 
No.  855.     Aprill  24,  1660.     Signed  by  Kd.     Winter;    arrows 

delivered  by  Langford. 
No.  856.  Tuesday  in  Easter  Week,  the  16th  of  April  1661. 
The  Castle  of  Windsor.  Memorandm  the  day  and  yeare 
above  written  the  Eight  )Ilondble  Cecill  Lord  Baltimore  did 
personally  pay  unto  his  Matie  within  the  Castle  of  Windsor  in 
the  County  of  Berks  to  the  use  of  his  Matie  for  the  Province 
of  Maryland  in  America,  a  yeares  Bentt  due  this  day  two 
Indian  Arrows  of  those  parts  ffor  the  Receipt  whereof  by  his 
Matie8  Command  I  John  Lord  Viscount  Mordaunt  as  Con- 
stable of  the  said  Castle  Do  give  the  said  Lord  Baltimore  this 

Mordaunt. — * 

No.  857.  Aprill  1,  1662.  Signed,  Hartgett,  Baron;  arrows 
delivered  by  George  Starkey. 

No.  858.  Aprill  21,  1663.  Signed,  Mordaunt;  arrows  de- 
livered by  William  Talbott. 

No.  859.  Aprill  25,  1671.  Signed  by  Trevor  Wheler;  ar- 
rows delivered  by  "  Mr.  Edward  Wise,  keeper  of  his  Maties 
stores  in  Windsor  Castle." 

*  John,  1st  baron  Mordaunt,  1627-1675,  appointed  Constable  of  Windsor 
Castle  in  1660. 


Nos.  860-865.  1672-1677.  Signed  by  Charles  Potts;  ar- 
rows delivered  by  Edward  Wise. 

No.  866.  April  27,  1736.  Signed  by  Jno.  Olivier;  arrows 
delivered  by  William  Thorp. 

No.  867.  Aprill  4,  1738.  Signed  by  Jno.  Olivier;  arrows 
delivered  by   Thorp. 

No.  868.  Aprill  24,  1737.  Signed  by  Thos.  Rowland,  Mas- 
ter Gnnner;  arrows  delivered  by  Thorp. 

No.  869.  Aprill  8,  1740.  Signed  by  Jno.  Olivier;  arrows 
delivered  by  Thorp. 

Nos.  870-878.  1743-1751.  Signed  by  Jno.  Olivier;  arrows 
delivered  by  John  Browning. 

No.  879.  April  9,  1765.  Signed  by  Willm  Jarman,  Gunner ; 
arrows  delivered  by  Hon.  Caecilius  Calvert,  the  provincial 


(Continued  from  Vol.  XII,  p.  163.) 

Wednesday  the  8th-  of  May  1776. 
The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment  all  the  Mem- 
bers present  as  on  Yesterday  except  Captn  Hughes,  Captn  Hog- 
myer,  and  Captn  Cellar  appeared  Mr  John  Rench. 

Ordered  that  the  sundry  Persons  do  pay  the  Sums  annexed 
to  their  Names  in  one  Month  from  the  Date  hereof,  and  deliver 
up  their  fire  Arms  immediately,  if  they  have  any,  except  Pis- 
tols, to  the  several  Persons  appointed  to  receive  the  same  viz. 
Christian  Newcomer  to  pay  7..  10  Common  Money  To  Captn 
Jams  Wallen. 

Jacob  Warner  to  pay         5..  00  D° 
Jacob  Martin  to  pay  7..  10   D° 



Henry  Avey  to  pay 

2..  00  D° 

Geo.  Whitmyer  to  pay 

5..  00  D° 

HenF  Hoover  to  pay 

2..  00  D° 

John  Hoover  to  pay 

2..  00  D° 

Jacob  Hoover  Junr  D° 

2..  00  D° 

Wm  Eussell  Do 

2..  00   D° 

Jos.  Bowman  D° 

5..  00   D°  a  Gun  to  be  delivered 

Jacob  Eoot  D° 

5..  00   D°  and  delivered  his  fire  Arms 

to  D° 

Sam1  Funk  D° 

5..  00   D° 

Hen?  Funk  D° 

5..  00  D° 

Hen?  Knave  D° 

5..  00   D° 

Jacob  Stover  D° 

5..  00  Do 

Adam  Shoop  D° 

3..  00   D° 

Conrad  Hertzog  D° 

2..  00  paid  to  Captn  Linck 

David  Funk  to  pay 

7..  00   Common  Money  to  Cap*  Peter 


Jos.  Funk  D° 

7..  00  Do 

Peter  Stay  an  invalid 

a  Gun  to  be  delivered  to  d° 

Christian  Troxel  D° 

3..  00  D°  Do  paid  to  Doctr  Schnebley 

Michael  Cagay  D° 

7..  00  D° 

Jacob  Grove  D° 

3..  00  D° 

Chris11  Koogle  D° 

3..  00  Do 

Jos.  Byerly  D° 

5..  00 

Adam  Koogle  an  invalid 

5..  00  a  Gun  delivered  to  the  Com- 

mittee N°  3 

Chris11  Koogle  Jr  D° 

4..  00   D° 

Jacob  Lesher  D° 

4..  00  Do 

Morris  Deale  invalid 

Geo.  Hoover  5  yrs 

a  Gun  to  D° 

John  Hoover 

2..  00  paid  to  Captn  Linck 

Jacob  Look  Junr 

5..  00 

John  Waggoner 

enroll'd  and  has  not  Associated 

Jacob  Rowland  50  yrs 

Heny  Rowland 

7..  10  D° 

David  Rowland 

7..  00  D° 



Christian  Eversole 
John  Muskberger 

Martin  Muskberger  an  invalid 

50  years 
2..  00   a  Gun  delivered  to  the  Com- 
mittee N°  1 
a  Gun  delivd  to  D°  E"°  2 
Jos.  Avery  to  pay  3..  00   Common  Money  to  Cap*  Bazil 


Christ11  Miller  50  yrs 

a  Gun  to  D° 

Abm  Miller 

5..  00 

John  Kernhart 

3..  00 

Sam1  Blecher 

not  worth  £30 

Sam1  Mayer  50  yrs 

To  Cap*  Michael  Fockler 

Chris11  Eorar  to  pay 

5..  00* 

a  Gun  to  D°  paid  Cap*  Linck 


John  Funk  D° 

7..  10 


Benjn  Xoll  D° 

5..  00 


Hen^  Funk  Junr 

7..  00 

D°  a  Gun  deliver'd  to  D°  N°  4 

Sam1  Bachel  Senr 

a  Minister  a  Gun  to  D° 

Sam1  Bachel  Jun1: 

7..  00 


Isaac  Bachel  D° 

7..  00 


Jos.  Kench  50  yrs 

a  Gun  to  D° 

Herman  Clappler 

Invalid — a  Gun  to  D° 

Adam  Piper  to  pay 

8..  00 

Common  Money  to  Captn 
Martin  Kershner 

Michael  Boovey 

2..  00 
£    s 

D°  paid  to  Doctr  Schnebley 

Jacob  Broombaugh  Senr 

50  yrs  a  Gun  to  Captn   Jn° 


Jacob  Broombaugh  Jun1 

"  3..  00 

Common  Money  to  pay  to  D° 

John  Broombaugh 

3..  00 


Abm  Gansinger  D° 

5..  00 


Herman  Clappler  D° 

not  worth  30£ 

Chris11  Shank  D° 

5..  00 


Jacob  Coughinour  D° 

5..  00 


Michael  Shank  D° 

5..  00 


Abm  Lidey  D° 

5..  00 


Jn°  Miller  Dunkard  D° 

5..  00 



Daniel  Switzer  D°  3..  00  D° 

Martin  Bachel  D°  7..  10  D° 

Andw  Postator  D°  5..  00  D° 

Dealman  Wafhabaugh  50  yrs 

John  Wafhabaugh  to  pay  7..  00  Common  Money  to  Captn  Cel- 

Jacob  Huffer  D°  7..  10  D°  a  Gun  to  D°  Kern1*  2..  10 

Jacob   Studebaker  D°       5..  00  D° 

John  Bowman  D°  5..  00  D° 

David  Miller  D°  7..  00  D° 

John  Newswanger  Invalid  and  will  not  Associate 

Philip  Jacob  Miller  50  yrs  to  D° 

John  Long  upwards  of  50  yrs  D° 

John  Clapper  2..  00  D° 

David  M.  Philips  Senr     5..  00 

The  Committee  adjourns  for  an  Hour, 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 

And  continued  to  assess  the  non-associators  and  non-enrollers 
as  aforesaid. 

£    s 
Peter  Hick  to  pay  5..  00  to  Captn  Sam1  Hughes 

John  Huntzaker  D°  5..  00 

Nicholas  Huntzaker  D°     5..  00 
Jacob  Shockey  D°  5..  00 

Chris11  Hyple  D°  4..  00   a  Gun  to  be  deliver' d  to  D° 

Philip  Smith  D°  not  worth  30£ 

Jacob  Good 

Abm  Good  D°  5..  00 

Christopher  Good  to  pay  5..  00  to  Captn  Sam1  Hughes 
John  Hoover  Jun.  D° 
Peter  Newcomer  D° 
Nich1  Myer  50  yrs 
Leonard  Baugh 
Philip  Stambaugh  to  pay 







not  worth  30£ 



to  Captn 




6..  00 
3..  00 


Andw  Kephart  D°  3„  00 

John  Hoover  above  50  yrs 

Oulerich  Hoover  to  pay 

John  Vanswanger  D° 

Michael  Baugh  D° 

Adam  Hann  D° 

John  Darby  D° 

Andw  Hoover  D°  50  yrs 

Christian  Thorns  D° 

Jacob  Thorns  Senr  D° 

Jacob  Thorns  Jnnr  D° 

Martin  Funk  D° 

Jacob  Miller  D° 

John  Good  D° 

Christian  Hoover  D° 

Mich1  Menser  D° 

John  Rorer  D° 

Jacob  Rorer  to  pay 

Martin  Rorer  D° 

Jacob  Bear  D° 

Paul  Rhode  D° 

Rhodes  Sen.  D° 


not  worth  30£ 

5..  00 

5..  00  a  Gun  to  be  delivered 

5..  00 

5..  00 

6..  00 

5..  00 

5..  00 

will  not  associate 
10..  00 

10..  00  to  Captn  Hogmyer 
10..  00  D° 

2..  00 

8..  00 

5..  00 

This  Day  Coln  John  Stull  acknowledged  to  this  Committee 
that  he  received  from  the  Treasurer,  Thomas  Harwood  by  order 
of  the  Council  of  Safety  37£..  9s..  6d  Curr*  Money  it  being  the 
Sum  due  for  fifty  one  Blankets  purchased  by  this  Committee 
for  the  Use  of  the  Province  by  order  of  the  Council  of  Safety. 

Ordered  that  Captn  James  Wallen,  Peter  Reed,  Bazil  Wil- 
liams, Michael  Fockler,  Martin  Kershner,  John  Cellars,  Sam- 
uel Hughes,  Conrad  Hogmyer  be  impowered  by  Warrant  to 
receive  the  Sundry  Sums  of  Money  heretofore  Assessed  by  this 
Committee  against  the  several  Persons  as  per  Lists  to  be  made 
and  annexed  thereto  who  have  not  enrolled,  and  the  fire  Arms 
they  may  have  from  those  who  have  not  associated  agreeable  to 


the  Resolves  of  the  Convention  in  December  Last,  within  each 
of  their  districts,  to  be  made  out  in  manner  and  form  following. 

You  are  hereby  authorized  or  impowered  to  receive  from  the 
sundry  persons  the  sums  of  Money,  annexed  to  each  or  their 
several  names  as  per  the  List  hereunto  annexed  at  the  End  of 
one  Month  from  the  Date  hereof  and  such  fire  Arms  immedi- 
ately, except  Pistols,  that  are  or  may  be  in  their  Possession,  or 
otherways  may  be  their  or  either  of  their  Properties  wherever 
found,  and  make  Return  thereof  to  the  Committee  of  Observa- 
tion that  shall  sit  next  after  the  time  aforesaid,  being  the  Sums 
levied  or  Assessed  on  them  and  each  of  them  for  not  enrolling 
and  associating  agreeable  to  the  Directions  of  the  Convention 
of  December  last,  and  this  shall  be  your  Authority,  given  under 
my  Hand  this  8th  day  of  May  1776  by  order  of  the  Committee. 

The  above  Warrants  with  the  seperate  Lists  of  Names  and 
Sums  annexed  to  them  being  Copied  and  transmitted  to  the 
several  Gentlemen  appointed  for  that  Purpose  to  be  by  them 
collected  agreeable  to  the  order  of  the  Committee. 

The  Comittee  adjourns  till  the  first  Tuesday  in  June  1776. 

The  Committee  Mett  According  to  Adjournment  members 

Coll  Samuel  Beall  Jnr  In  the  Chair 
Coll  Joseph  Smith  Joseph  Chapline 

Majr  Henry  Shriock  Captn  James  Smith 

Majr  Christian  OrandorfT  Captn  John  Cellar 

Coll  Andrew  Rentch  John  Rentch 

Cap*  Michel  Fockler  Jam3  Clark  continued  as  Ok 

Cap*  William  Hizer  Captn  Sam.  Hughes 

Christian  Lance  Captn  Conrad  Hogmire 

George  Swinglve 

On  Application  being  made  by  the  sundry  Persons  hereafter 
mentioned  that  they  are  distressed,  and  unable  to  pay  the  sev- 
eral fines  assessed  against  them  as  non-Enrollers  by  this  Com- 
mittee on  the  8th  day  of  May  last  and  after  considering  the 


Reasons  offered  by  them,  in  Support  thereof,  this  Committee 
have  thought  fit  to  remit  viz : 

£    s 
To  John  Clapper        ...         2..  00 
To  Chris11  Koogle       .         .         .         1..  00 
Daniel  Switzer  remitted  3..  00  because  enrolled  with  Cap* 

The  Committee  adjourns  for  an  Hour. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 

This  day  Captn  Michael  Fockler  acknowledged  to  this  Com- 
mittee that  he  received  from  Heligess  the  Treasurer  for  the 
Continental  Congress  the  sum  of  524£..  12s..  10d  Current 
Money,  it  being  the  amount  of  the  list  of  Sundries  furnished 
Captn  John  Nelsons  Company  in  the  Continental  Service  as  per 
Letter  to  John  Hancock  Esqr  heretofore  entered,  except  the 
Discount  of  9£..  15s  part  of  Henry  Tootwilers  Account  dis- 
allowed— which  Sum  he  engages  to  pay  to  the  several  Claim- 

Ordered  that  the  Clerk  advertise  that  all  Claims  against  the 
Publick  for  sundries  furnished  for  the  Continental  Service,  be 
made  and  laid  before  the  Committee  on  the  first  Tuesday  of 

The  following  Persons  are  in  an  Additional  Return  made  by 
Captn  John  Cellars,  who  will  not  enroll  and  Associate,  and  are 
fined  or  assessed  as  is  annexed  to  their  names  viz. 

Chris.  Wheetmore  to  pay  4..  00 

Jacob  Herr  2..  00 

Henry  Calglesser  3..  00 

D°  by  Captn  James  Smith 

Samuel  Volgamet  to  pay  5..  00 

Jacob  Tugg  4..  00  pd  to  Andw  Lynch 

Christian  Weldey  pd         3..  00 

John  Weldey  3..  00 

Jacob  Weldey  2..  00  paid  to  Doctr  Schnebley 


Captn  Samuel  Hughes  returns  the  Warrant  directed  to  him 
for  the  Collecting  of  Sundry  fines  assessed  on  the  sundry  per- 
sons, therein  mentioned  unexecuted,  giving  Reasons  satisfac- 
tory, and  Admitted  by  the  Committee,  ordered  that  the  War- 
rant be  renewed  and  directed  to  Ensign  Matthias  Hickman. 

Also  Captn  Conrad  Hogmire's  to  D° 

And  likewise  Captn  John  Celler's  directed  to  John  Miller 

D°  Captn  Michael  Fodder's  To  Lieu*  John  Shryock. 

Ordered  that  the  Guns  given  in  by  the  sundry  persons  be 
appraised,  and  that  Captn  Isaac  Baker  and  Captn  John  Rey- 
nolds be  sworn  and  qualified  for  that  purpose,  who  were  sworn 
and  qualified  before  Samuel  Beall  viz. 

You  and  each  of  you  make  Oath  that  you  will  well  and  truly 
appraise  and  Value  the  Gun  or  Guns  now  shewed  you  according 
to  the  best  of  your  abilities  and  Judgment  in  the  common  Cir- 
culating Currency  according  to  the  Resolves  of  the  Convention 
in  July  last,  so  help  you  God. 

£    s 
a  Gun  E~°  1  valued  to       1..    5   C^  from  John  Musberger 
Do  no  2  D°  2..    0  from  Martin  Muskberger 

D°  N°  3  D°  1..  10  Adam  Koogle 

Do  No  4  D°  1..    5   Henry  Funk  Receipt  pass'd 

D°  N°  5  D°  1..  10   Christ.  Troxal  Receipt  pass'd 

Do  No  e  D°  Rifle  1..  00  Joseph  Rentch  Receipt  pass'd 

Do  N°  7  D°  1..  15  Herrman      Clapper      Receipt 


Majr  Henry  Shryock  hath  furnished  the  Commitee  with  two 
Quires  of  Paper. 

Ordered  that  the  Sundry  persons  residing  on  the  Maryland 
Side  of  the  old  Line  commonly  called  the  temporary  Line, 
adjoining  to  Captn  Isaac  Bakers  District,  do  enroll,  exercise 
and  muster  under  his  Command. 

The  Committee  adjourns  'till  to  morrow  Morning  at  8 


Wednesday  June  5th  1776  The  Committee  met  according  to 
adjournment  all  Members  present  as  on  yesterday,  except  Captn 
Hughes  Captn  Hogmire  &  Mr  Lentz. 

Majr  Henry  Shryock  produced  Receipts  to  this  Committee 
for  the  Sum  of  292£..  18s..  3d  paid  to  sundry  persons  for  Rifle 
Guns  and  other  Articles  furnished  Captn  Michael  Cressops 
Compy  it  being  the  full  amount  of  the  Money  paid  into  his 
hands  by  Daniel  Heester  per  Order  of  the  Committee  except 
£4..  10  for  Wm  English  and  £2..  12..  6  for  Matthias  Ott  as 
£1..  00..  3  was  disallowed,  on  the  payment  of  the  whole  Account 
semt  by  Daniel  Heester. 

Ordered  that  Warrants  be  made  out  and  sent  to  Captns  John 
Reynolds,  Joseph  Chapline,  Henry  Butter,  Isaac  Baker,  John 
Bonnet  and  Lieuts  Robert  Smith  and  Captn  Casper  Keller  to 
summons  Non-enrollers  and  non-associators  to  attend  at  Elisa- 
beth Town  the  first  Tuesday  in  July  next  to  shew  cause  if  any 
they  have  why  they  shall  not  be  fined  according  to  the  Resolves 
of  the  Convention  in  July  last. 

Ordered  that  notice  be  given  to  Captns  James  Wallen,  Peter 
Reed,  Bazil  Williams,  Martin  Kershner,  Michael  Fockler  to 
make  a  Return  of  their  Warrants  for  collecting  the  fines  assess'd 
on  sundry  persons  within  their  Districts  on  the  first  Tuesday  in 
July  next  at  Elisebeth  Town. 

Christian  Wheetmore  appeared,  and  says  he  is  upward  of 
fifty  Years  of  Age  his  fine  of  £4  is  therefore  remitted. 

The  Committee  adjourns  for  an  Hour. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 

Captn  Joseph  Chapline  and  Captn  Henry  Butler  brought  in 
and  delivered  to  the  Committee  each  an  Enrollment  of  a  Sur- 
plus Company  of  Militia,  which  were  accepted  and  approved  of. 

We  whose  names  are  Subscribed  do  hereby  enroll  ourselves 
into  a  Company  of  Militia  agreeable  to  the  Resolution  of  the 
Provincial  Convention  held  at  Annapolis  the  26th  day  of  July 
1775.     And  we  do  promise  and  engage  that  we  will  respectively 



march  to  such  places  within  this  Province,  and  at  such  times 
as  we  shall  be  commanded  by  the  Convention,  or  the  Council 
of  Safety  of  this  Province  or  by  our  Officers  in  pursuance  of 
the  Orders  of  the  said  Convention  of  Council,  and  there  with 
our  whole  power  fight  against  whomsoever  we  shall  be  com- 
manded by  the  Authority  aforesaid.  Witness  our  Hands  this 
6th  day  of  January  1776. 

Joseph  Chapline 
James  Chapline 
Thomas  Crampton 
Jam8  Stuart 
John  Duncan 
Rob*  Cockburn 
John  Banks 
Wm  Eoberts 
Wm  McGathy 
Fredk  Waitenberger 
Wta  Oodd 
Adam  Deeds 
John  Hill 
Hosias  Crampton 
Wm  Eason 
John  Grimes 
James  Dean 
Massam  Dean 
Hugh  Cain 
Eichd  King 
John  Shirley 
Wm  Gilson 
Tho8  Maddors 
Isaac  Keepers 
Clement  Pearce 
Jam8  McKey  Junr 
Henry  Hann 
John  Berger 
Tho8  Leonard 

Bichd  Moor 
Peter  Burrel 
Benjn  Burrel 
Tho8  Dean 
Tho8  Wiles  Junr 
Edward  Power 
Francis  Adams 
David  Meek 
Rob*  McNutt 
Jam8  McNutt 
Joseph  Morrison 
Barnet  McNutt 
Charles  Mager 
Robert  Work 
Wm  Patterson 
Tho8  Stuart 
John  McKey 
David  Burcham 
Peter  Grabel 
Wm  Newel 
Joseph  Newel 
Jn°  O'Donald  Junr 
Wm  Patrick 
Mich1  Marker 
Jn°  Wllkins 
Tho8  Shepherd 
Nich1  Inna's 
Jam8  Martin 
Jam8  Graham 



Tho8  Newel 
Jacob  Shuff 
Jam8  Black 
Wm  Renwicks 
Jolin  Grub 
Jesse  Burns 
George  Myers 
Wm  Mercer  Smith 
Andw  Boort 
Mich1  Gardener 
Andw  Crummy 
Rob*  McNamee 
Jeremiah  Chapline 
Sam1  Dean 

Alexr  McNutt  Junr 
Wm  Hamor 
David  Miller 
Thos  Murrow 
Thos  Night 
Andw  Flick 
Sam1  Donaldson 
Rob*  Huffman 
Jacob  Tussy 
Peter  Wise 
Philip  Strider 
Mich1  Fox 
Philip  Grove 

We  whose  names  are  subscribed  do  hereby  enroll  ourselves 
into  a  Company  of  Militia,  agreeable  to  the  Resolution  of  the 
Provincial  Convention  held  at  Annapolis  the  26th  day  of  July 
1775  and  we  do  promise  and  engage  that  we  will  respectively 
march  to  such  places  within  this  Province,  and  at  such  times 
as  we  shall  be  commanded  by  the  Convention  or  the  Council 
of  Safety  of  this  Province,  or  by  our  officers  in  pursuance  of  the 
Orders  of  the  said  Convention  or  Council  and  there  with  our 
whole  Power  fight  against  whomsoever  we  shall  be  commanded 
by  the  Authority  aforesaid  Witness  our  hands  this  9th  Day  of 
March,  A.  D.  1776. 

Henry  Butler 
Tho8  Odel 
John  Nichol 
Bartin  Philpot 
Daniel  Givens 
Archibald  Nichols 
Flayl  Pain 
Charles  Wolverton 
Jam8  Austin 
Jam8  Allen 

HenF  Musgrove 
Bartin  Garret 
Flayl  Nichols 
Jam8  Hase 
Charles  McLaughlin 
Posthumus  Claget 
John  McAllister 
Archd  McAllister 
Tho8  McColl 
Sam1  Prather 



Geo.  Warters 
Mich1  George 
Jn°  Deboy 
Adam  Boot 
Hugh  McCoy 
HenF  Ault 
HenF  Bowyer 
Wm  Blair 
Leonard  Ludwick 
Leonard  Garner 
Wm  Ault 
Francis  Worldley 
John  Ault 
Thos  Austin 
Charles  Philpot 
Jeremiah  Resley 
Alex1*  Grinim 
Mich1  Hany 

Thos  Owens 
HenF  Edward  Butler 
Wm  Nichols 
Patk  Norris 
Jacob  Grime 
Nath1  Dickson 
Jeremiah  Fulsom 
Dan1  Mulhoney 
Abm  Richards 
Wm  Sabator 
Wm  Booth 
John  Newey 
Thos  Hagison 
John  B-inkar 
George  Lewis 
W1"  Gladhill 
Rob*  Booth 

Ordered  that  the  originall  Enrollments  be  enclosed  and  sent 
to  the  Council  of  Safety,  that  Commissions  may  be  made  and 
sent  for  officers  thereto. 

On  hearing  a  Matter  of  Dispute  between  Captn  John  Rey- 
nold and  Captn  Joseph  Chapline  relative  to  the  men  heretofore 
enroll' d  by  Joseph  Chapline  and  Captn  Christian  Orindolp, 
ordered  that  the  following  Men  be  deemed  and  taken  to  be 
Captn  John  Reynolds  for  the  future  as  <P  List  entered  on  the 
opposite  side. 

Ordered  that  Captn  Wm  Heyser  is  ordered  by  Letter  to  for- 
bear levying  the  fine  Assess' d  on  Youst  Wand  untill  farther 

John  Flick 
John  Bovill 
Wm  Widmire 
Francis  Reynolds 
John  Heimes 

John  Lorr 
Peter  Lorr 
David  Jackson 
George  Heyser 
Killian  Strider 



Peter  Ham 

Mich1  Lorr 

Abm  Hybarger 

Benedick  Eigenor 

Thos  Bissett  Junr 

Geo.  Adam  Weigle 

Joseph  Reynold 

Hen^  Eigenor 

Werner  Hedrick 

Oswald  Dubes 

Ludwick  Kretsinger 

Philip  Suder 

Ludwick  Michael 

Philip  Deal 

John  Kephart 

Peter  Hill 

John  Eigenor 

Jacob  Hosier 

Jacob  Walter 

Jn°  Mauhgeman 

Jacob  Piper 

Leonard  Spang 

Jn°  George  Painter 

Adam  Myer 

Thos  Fowler 

Nicholas  Saums 

Moses  Hobbins 

John  Bark 

John  Groves 

Matthias  Kovnee 

Philip  Smith 

Valentine  Ritter 

George  Deal 

Ludwick  Heding 

Fredk  Fox 

Nicholas  Weirick 

David  Grove 

Geo.  Boahrer 

George  Smith 

John  Deanor 

Deater  Wise 

Jacob  Brunner 

Andws  Heims 

Adam  Money 

Peter  Myers 

Jacob  Long 

Nicholas  Walter 

Jacob  Kephart 

Peter  Shelley 

Wta  Hank 

Joseph  Reynolds 

Geo.  Lingenfelter 

Alexr  Rodgers 

John  Mittlecalf 

Conrad  Hybarger 

Chris11  Orindorf 

John  Norris 

Chris11  Weirich 

Received  of  the  Committee  of  Observation  of  the  upper  dis- 
trict of  Frederick  County,  seven  Guns  (to  wit)  N°  1,  N°  2,  N°  3, 
N°  4,  N°  5,  N°  6,  N°  7  and  do  hereby  oblige  Ourselves  to  return 
said  Guns  when  calPd  for  by  the  Committee,  in  as  good  order 
as  they  now  are. 

By  us  Mahal  Fockler 

June  5th  1776  Wm  Heyser 


The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  first  Tuesday  in  July  next, 
at  Majr  Shryocks. 

The  Committee  call'd  Met  at  Elisabeth  Town  on  Tuesday 
the  18th  June  1776.     Members  present. 

Coln  John  Stull  in  the  Chair  Cap*  Mich1  Fockler 

Majr  Henry  Shryock  Mr  Wm  Beard 

Majr  Charles  Sweringer  Mr  George  Swingle 

Coln  Andw  Rentch  Mr  John  Rentch 

Captn  John  Cellar  James  Clark  Clk 

Captn  Wm  Heyser  Mr  Christian  Lentz  appear' d 

On  Motion  resolved  that  every  person  or  persons  residing  in 
the  upper  District  in  Fredk  County  that  have  already  purchased 
any  Salt  or  otherwise  intrusted  therewith  or  may  at  any  time 
from  the  Date  hereof  purchase  any  Salt,  for  Publick  Sale,  shall 
not  dispose  of  the  same  at  any  Rate  higher,  than  four  Shillings 
and  six  pence  common  money  per  bushel  above  the  purchase  or 
prime  Cost  thereof  and  that  he  she  or  they  shall  produce  a 
Certificate  of  the  Prime  Cost  thereof,  on  Oath  (if  required)  to 
this  Committee. 

On  Motion  resolved  that  Majrs  Henry  Shryock,  Charles 
Sweringen  and  Captn  Wm  Heyser  be  and  are  appointed  imme- 
diately to  go  to  the  several  Persons  residing  in  the  District 
aforesd  that  may  be  suspected  to  have  purchased  Salt,  or  other- 
wise intrusted  therewith,  for  publick  Sale  and  take  a  Just  and 
true  List  of  the  quantity  of  Salt  by  them  possess'd,  and  make 
Return  thereof  to  this  Committee,  next  Session,  and  also  to 
inform  them  of  the  Rates  of  Salt  by  this  Committee  limited, 
and  that  if  they  refuse  making  Sale  thereof  agreeable  to  said 
Rates,  that  the  above-mentioned  persons  are  Appointed  to  take 
the  same  and  dispose  thereof  agreeable  to  the  above  Resolve. 

Ordered  that  the  Clerk  do  immediately  publish  the  proceed- 
ing Resolves,  by  issuing  Advertisements. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  first  Tuesday  in  July  next  at 
Majr  Shryock's  the  time  &  place  appointed  the  proceeding 


■  The  Committee  call'd,  met  at  Elisabeth  Town  on  Tuesday 
the  25th  of  June  1776.     Members  present. 

Captn  Samuel  Hughes  in  the  Chair 
Coln  Andrew  Eentch  Capn  Mich1  Fockler 

Majr  Henry  Shryock  Mr  Chris11  Lentz 

Capt.  Conrad  Hogmire  Mr  John  Eentch 

Cap*  John  Cellar  Jam*  Clark  Oik 

Captn  Wm  Heyser 

On  Motion  resolved  that  the  Proceedings  of  the  last  Con- 
vention be  taken  into  Consideration,  which  was  accordingly 

Resolved  unanimously  that  the  said  Proceedings  as  far  as 
Relates  to  the  Resolve  of  the  Honble  Continental  Congress  of 
the  15th  of  May  last,  and  to  Govr  Eden,  is  unsatisfactory. 

Resolved  that  the  same  be  laid  before  the  good  People  of  this 
District  for  their  Consideration  when  they  meet  in  Battalion  on 
Friday  and  Saturday  next. 

Ordered  that  Mr  Hogmire,  Mr  Shyrock,  Mr  Fockler  &  Mr 
Hughes  prepare  a  set  of  Resolves  for  the  Consideration  of  the 
good  People  of  this  District  on  Friday  next,  but  previous  there- 
to, to  be  examined  by  this  Committee  at  their  next  Meeting,  on 
Friday  Morning  next  at  7  O' Clock. 

Complaint  was  made  against  Fredk  Rorer  that  he  has  vio- 
lated the  Resolves  of  this  Committee,  respecting  the  Sale  of 
Salt,  on  hearing  the  Matter,  it  is  ordered  that  the  said  Rorer 
return  the  sum  of  Is.  <P  Bushel  to  the  different  Purchasers 
of  19%  Bushels  which  he  has  already  sold  out  of  the  Quantity 
of  30  Bushels  purchased  from  Daniel  Bander,  provided  the 
same  be  call'd  for,  and  that  he  sell  the  remaining  Quantity 
of  the  said  30  Bushels  at  17s.  per  Bushel. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  friday  Morning  next  at  7  O' Clock 
at  Mr  Ignatius  Sims. 



(Continued  from  Vol.  XII,  p.  187.) 

[William  Deards  to  Charles  Carroll  Sr.] 

Friday  Afternoon  29  Septr     [121] 

Mr  Carroll  (jour  son)  having  recd  some  letters  from  Mr  L. 
D — 1 — y  which  in  part  he  has  communicated  to  me  &  tho  I 
acknowledge  the  honour  he  does  me,  it  is  a  most  embarrassing 
circumstance  to  me — Mr  Carroll  thinks  &  I  believe  any  one  of 
common  spirit  would  think  so  too,  that  they  are  not  to  be  put 
up  with — &  has  determined  to  give  L:  D:  the  oppertunity  of 
meeting  him  to  morrow  morning — which  Event  I  am  also  privy 
too — and  he  has  desired  me  to  go  with  him — Refuse  him,  I 
cannot — But  you  may  depend  on  it,  I  will  do  every  thing  I 
can  to  prevent  Bloodshed  &  will  this  night  take  my  measures — 
The  Laws  of  honour  will  condemn  this  step  in  me — but  where 
a  Father  &  a  wife  are  concerned  I  hope  the  Laws  of  humanity 
will  acquit  me — You  will  pardon  me  Sir,  for  the  Hint,  but  I 
cannot  help  wishing  your  presence  here  as  soon  as  your  own 
judgment  will  Direct  you  &  am  Sir  with  great  Respect 

in  Haste  Your  Hume  Serv* 

Will  Deards 

P.  S.  It  is  with  great  Caution  I  write  this  &  am  now  going 
to  seek  a  messenger — 

[William  Deards  to  Charles  Carroll  Sr.] 

Friday  night  9  o'  Clock 

You  will  see  by  the  inclosed  how  much  I  then  thought  it 
necessary  you  should  be  acquainted  wth  what  was  essential  to 
the  Happiness  of  yourself  &  family — 


A  Letter  that  Mr  Carroll  has  since  recd  from  Mr  L.  D — 1 — y 
which  he  has  communicated  to  me,  convinces  me  that  we  shall 
get  over  the  morning  without  danger  which  I  did  not  think 
when  I  sent  you  the  inclosed. 

The  messenger  will  tell  you  how  it  happened  that  you  did 
not  receive  my  first  Letter  as  I  intended—all  I  can  say  Sir  I 
mean  to  do  right,  but  am  unfortunate  in  the  means — I  am  Sir 
most  faithfully 

Yr  obliged  &  Hum1  Serv* 

Will  Deards 

[Lloyd  Dulany  to  Charles  Carroll  of  Carrollton] 

Annapolis  Sept.  29,  1769 

Yours  of  the  28th  &  29  Instant  was  put  into  my  hand  by 
Mr  Deards  ^ve  minutes  after  one  at  the  Coffee  house,  I  must 
repeat  to  you,  that  your  rediculous  Affection  of  contemning 
me  is  really  too  exquisitely  farcical  to  merit  a  stricture,  when 
you  cannot  possibly  be  ignorant  of  your  circumstances,  inde- 
pendantly  of  the  intelligence  which  I  have  given  you — though 
I  have  some  more  secrets  yet  to  whisper  to  you — which  you 
shall  hear  at  a  convenient  season,  But  as  for  that  monster  of 
Vice  &  profligacy,  your  father,  I  will  still  Echo  the  universal 
Voice  of  his  Country,  That  he  is  the  deep  stain  of  the  times, 
&  that  the  Laws  have  long  scandalously  slept,  in  not  Dragging 
him  forth,  as  a  sacrifice  to  public  justice,  &  that  even  you  may 
not  suspect  that  these  are  the  emanations  &  rancour  &  prejudice, 
I  shall  shortly  publish  to  the  World,  an  authenticated  copy  of 
a  Record  of  one  of  his  precious  Deeds ;  You  may  affect  to  think 
that  a  hint  of  perjury  is  rather  an  extreme  procedure,  but 
wait  only  for  a  little  time.  You  inform  me  that  you  shall  ride 
out  to  morrow  as  usual  &  (stealing  the  words  of  a  late  celebrat- 
ed scoundrel,  whom  you  well  remember  to  have  seen  exposed 
to  public  scorn  by  a  friend  of  mine)  &  that  you  have  a  Brace 
of  Pistoles  ready  for  me,  If  I  come  in  your  way — thence  pro- 


eeeding  to  Desire  me  to  take  notice  that  you  are  not  afraid 
concluding  the  whole  with  a  sermon  to  God  &  man,  now  sir 
I  will  frankly  confess  to  you,  that  I  do  discern  violent  struggles 
in  your  Breast  but  they  are  betwixt  your  unparralled  &  das- 
tardly fears  &  your  highly  attenuated  Yenom.  Tell  me  prithee, 
whither  shall  I  fly  to  Kiss  your  hands  in  a  private  place,  either 
alone  or  attended  by  a  friend,  The  choice  of  Weapons  shall  be 
yours  at  all  adventures,  I  wave  all  advantages  &  every  Punctilio, 
Tell  me,  do  you  wait  for  my  making  such  palpable  overtures 
as  will  render  me  the  aggressor — and  that  you  will  take  no 
legal  steps— but  will  be  punctual  to  an  appointed  meeting  in 
a  private  place.  Why  you  silly  little  Puppy,  how  can  you 
be  such  a'  fool  as  to  insinuate  that  a  certain  person  is  afraid  & — 
afraid  of  whom  ?  I  will  not  tell  his  son  out  of  regard  to  your 
Bones.  I  had  a  months  mind  to  have  read  your  curious 
Epistle,  (Bloody  minded  I  had  like  to  have  said)  to  a  few  at 
the  Coffee  house;,  You  little  dirty  Rascal — would  you  propose 
even  what  you  do — was  it  not  impossible  from  the  excessive 
Polly  of  it,  that  any  measure  could  be  taken  on  your  Plan,  If  I 
do  intend  to  chastise  you,  I  shall  certainly  make  choice  of  my 
own  Time  &  manner — provided  I  cannot  compel  you  to  a 
proper  issue,  How  far  you  may  be  justified  to  God  &  man, 
as  you  gravely  &  sagely  remark  I  cannot  say,  but  if  mortals 
may  presume  to  form  any  Idea  of  the  divine  rule  of  judging 
the  Ears  of  both  you  &  your  father  ought  to  have  [been]  nailed 
upon  a  Pillory  when  you  attempted  to  depreciate  the  sacred 
Character  of  a  Yertuous,  wise  &  good  man — The  cause  of  whose 
memory  shall  shortly  be  that  of  the  Public,  As  for  your  Hint 
of  my  acting  for  another  it  is  a  Lie,  spick  &  span  from  your 
Jesuitical  forge — 

LI— D— 

1ST :  B :  I  am  now  writing  to  your  father  an  Ace*  of  your  inter- 
ception of  his  Letter,  &  do  you  be  sensible  of  my  Condescen- 
sion in  putting  myself  upon  a  level  with  you  either  oome  to 
the  Point,  or  pester  me  no  more,  with  your  foolish  impertinence 


Copy  of  my  letter  to  Lloyd  Dulany  dated  friday  29th  Sep* 


Your  language  &  your  character  are  alike  contemptible;  I 
heartily  despite  both:  your  bravadoes  do  not  intimidate  me  in 
the  least.  I  look  upon  you  as  a  bravo  egged  on  by  another  too 
dastardly  to  appear  in  defence  of  his  own  character.  I  shall 
ride  out  as  usual  to  my  quarter  near  town  as  business  or  pleas- 
ure may  lead  me.  Tomorrow  morning,  if  weather  permits,  I 
shall  ride  out  at  6  o'clock,  &  I  shall  then  be  prepared  to  give 
you  a  proper  reception  if  you  come  in  my  way,  as  I  shall  be 
provided  with  pistols.  Mr  Deards  will  accompany  me ;  his 
evidence  may  be  necessary  on  a  future  occasion — 

C:  C  of  C— 

Substance  of  a  Postscript  to  the  above — 

mentions  that  the  above  was  wrote  the  preceeding  day,  that  is 
on  thursday  last:  But  dated  on  friday — that  on  the  receipt  of 
his  letter  of  thursday  evening,  I  had  thought  proper  to  add, 
that  I  should  ride  out  at  the  time,  on  the  day  &  to  the  place 
above  mentioned  with  pistols  as  the  only  arms  wh  could  put 
us  on  an  equal  footing:  But  considering  the  unprovoked  attack 
of  my  character,  I  could  not  be  considered,  as  the  aggressor; 
and  that  I  hoped  I  should  be  justified  before  God  &  man  I 
will  leave  you  to  judge  from  the  above  letters  of  our  conduct 
I  would  not  send  a  direct  chalenge,  because,  I  did  not  know 
what  a  Jury  might  Judge  of  that  matter — for  as  our  common 
people  have  not  very  nice  notions  of  honour,  they  might  think 
the  challenger,  however  great  the  Provocation,  the  aggressor — 
had  Lloyd  a  stomach  to  fighting,  he  might  have  met  me  on  the 
road,,  once  could  have  retired  to  a  proper  place  without  a  formal 
challenge  in  writing  given  by  either — I  do  not  send  you  Lloyd's 
original  letters  for  fear  they  may  be  lossed  on  the  road — I 
shall  take  no  further  notice  of  Lloyd:  but  shall  go  prepared  to 
blow  out  his  brains,  if  he  should  oifer  any  insult  to  my  per- 


son:  as  to  his  language  &  abuse,  that  I  hope  will  be  chastised 
in  its  proper  place — but  of  this  more  when  we  meet — I  am 

Yr  affectionate  Son 
Ch:  Carroll  of  Carrollton 
P.  S.  send  down  the  beef  the  18th  instead  of  the  21  of  October 

[William  Deards  to  Charles  Carroll  Sr.] 

Saturday  night  30  Sept.   1769 

1  think  we  may  safely  say  that  everything  is  as  it  should 
be.  of  which  I  presume  Mr  Carroll  has  fully  informed  you — 
The  Boy  Sam  bro*  your  Letter  about  noon  to  Day,  &  I  was 
honoured  with  yours  at  ab*  7  this  Evening  by  Prew — Sam  is 
particularly  ordered  to  get  off  2  Hours  before  Day  with  what 
you  ordered  Viz — 121b  of  shot — tho'  not  all  of  the  exact  sort, 
having  no  more  than  what  I  have  sent,  but  have  supply' d  its 
place  with  81b  of  the  next  in  Size — 1  pre  Double  Channell 
pumps  &  your  Stretchers — Billy  was  out  in  his  Assertion — 
the  shoes  that  was  in  the  Closet  &  had  been  on  the  Stretchers 
some  months  were  a  Pair  of  your  thinshoes — I  thought  this 
necessary  to  tell  you,  as  the  shoes  I  send  are  a  Pair  of  the  last 
imported — I  have  sent  Mr  Darnalls  Pistol — Please  to  remem- 
ber tis  charged — I  have  sent  a  Pair  of  large  scissors  for  Mrs 
Darnall — I  shall  not  be  unmindful  of  your  order  about  the 
Pistols — but  doubt  the  Possibility  of  getting  such  as  are  called 
Pocket  Pistols — having  so  lately  had  dealings  in  this  Article 
I  can  guess  a  little  ab*  them — Macubbin  has  2  or  3  Pair  of 
riding  Pistols  under  a  foot  long  to  sell — I  shall  be  Careful  to 
pay  Mr  Wm  Stewart  the  money  if  he  survives  this  nights  ad- 
venture, the  last  news  I  heard  of  this  Gentleman  ab*  an  hour 
ago  was  that  between  South  Biver  Ferry  &  this  City,  he  was 
seen  at  full  length  extended  in  the  Centre  of  the  Highway  & 
near  being  run  over  by  2  Ladies  in  a  Chaize — We  hav  reason 
to  suppose  that  his  stomach  was  neither  overcharged  with 
Bonny  Clabber  nor  Scotch  Cale,  but  rather  with  some  of  Mr 
Dick's  Claret  to  which  he  had  paid  very  great  respect 


If  I  have  merited  your  Approbation  in  the  manner  I  acted 
in  an  affair  of  some  Delicacy  I  shall  think  myself  happy  &  am 
Sir  most  respectfully  your  faithful  &  obliged  Serv* 

Will  Deards 

Saturday  %  hour  after  12— 
Dr  Papa 

Sam  is  just  now  arrived:  I  observe  what  you  say  about  the 
letters  inclosed  in  yours — I  gave  D  D's  letter  but  a  cursory 
reading  and  yet  discovered  it  to  be  a  most  silly  impudent  & 
trifling  letter — he  is  engaged  too  deep  to  retreat  with  honor — 
He  thought  to  have  slipped  his  neck  out  of  the  collar  by  engag- 
ing his  brother  Lloyd  in  the  quarrel;  but  he  has  to  deal  with 
men  not  to  be  caught  by  such  paltry  artifices.  As  to  that 
abusive  scoundrel  Lloyd,  I  would  not  have  you  take  the  least 
notice  of  his  letter  any  otherwise  than  by  a  suit  at  law  for 
scandal  &  defamation.  Upon  my  return  from  riding  out  this 
morning  I  found  Mr  Deards  had  dispatched  a  messenger  to 
you  on  the  subject  of  what  I  really  thought  must  have  inevit- 
ably happened  before  this — the  inclosed  copy  of  Lloyd's  last 
letter  to  me,  &  of  mine  to  him  will  sufficiently  disclose  the 
issue — I  do  not  now  believe  he  has  true  spirit — I  carried 
Deards  out  with  me  to  prevent  any  unfair  advantage,  wh  from 
his  strength  he  might  have  taken  of  me,  &  I  was  more  over 
desirous  in  case  I  had  killed  him  to  have  an  unexceptionable 
witness  to  the  manner  in  which  he  fell — 

Molly  is  but  indifferent:  she  is  now  acquainted  with  Lloyds 
&  my  difference:  her  anxiety  at  the  issue,  &  apprehensions  of 
some  future  meeting  have  greatly  discomposed  her  spirits — 
I  am  not  very  well  myself,  for  the  uneasiness  I  have  felt  on 
your's  &  her  account  for  some  days,  least  in  case  of  an  accident 
to  me,  has  hurt  my  rest. 

Molly  desires   a  beef  may  be  sent   down   the   21   of  next 

month.     All  our  flower  is  out;  I  was  obliged  to  purchase  a 

barrel  of  the  barrister — I  can  not  possibly  tell  when  Buddy 

will  finish  the  cart  wheels :  there  is  no  dependance  to  be  placed 



on  his  word — Pray  send  down  the  wagon  with  flower  the  week 
before  the  races — If  the  wheels  are  finished  before  that  time, 
I  will  send  up  the  little  cart  and  you  may  send  down  the 
flower  in  it — there  was  no  flower  sent  by  the  wagon  last  time, 
altho  Molly  says  she  wrote  for  flower  I  suppose  the  want  of 
water  prevented  its  being  ground — 

Sunday  evening  y2  hour  after  6 — 
Dr  Papa 

Doc*  Stewart  has  just  sent  me  word  that  he  intends  to  call 
upon  you  on  his  way  to  Frederick  wh  affords  me  an  oppor- 
tunity of  sending  the  inclosed  letters — Mr  Harding  left  us  last 
friday.    I  forgot  to  forward  his  letter  by  Sam — 

I  wish  you  would  come  down  a'  little  sooner  than  you  pro- 
posed— instead  of  coming  the  17th  as  you  first  intended,  I 
should  be  glad  to  see  you  here  the  10th  instant.  Molly  is  better ; 
we  both  join  in  our  love  to  you  &  Mrs  Darnall  I  am 

Dr  P         Yr  affectionate  Son 

C :  C  of  Carrollton 
1st  Octbr  1769— 

P.  S.  I  have  heard  no  more  from  Mr  Lloyd — I  think  the 
scurrilous  rascal  should  be  exposed  to  public  shame  by  a  suit 
at  law — I  can  not  conceive  what  deed  of  yours  he  alludes  to, 
when  he  hints  at  perjury — it  is  some  thing  he  has  taken  up 
upon  trust  from  that  oracle  of  truth  his  Brother  Daniel — Pray 
does  not  Ned  Lully  remember  under  what  circumstances  old 
Dulany  came  into  this  Province?  I  would  procure  Lully's 
affidavit  to  prove  the  fact  beyond  contradition — their  silly 
pride  is  mortified  at  this  humiliating  circumstance :  they  would, 
&  yet  with  all  their  assurance  they  cannot  deny  their  Father 
was  an  indented  serv* 

A  ship  from  Stewart  &  Campbell  with  convicts  is  just  arrived 
in  6  weeks  from  London — I  have  heard  no  news,  except  that 
she  sailed  from  the  Downs  in  compy  with  Jordan,  who  may  be 
hourly  expected. 


1769  Sep*  29  &  Octor  2d 

2d  October  1769 
Dr  Papa/ 

Hearing  you  say  you  wanted  a  gardiner,  I  have  purchased 
the  bearer  Alexander  Brodie ;  who  says  he  has  served  a  regular 
apprenticeship  to  the  business:  he  is  to  serve  two  years  &  % 
from  this  day.  I  gave  eleven  pounds  sterling  for  him:  he  is 
22  years  old  &  appears  healthy  &  vigorous,  and  from  his  being 
a  scot;  I  believe  he  will  behave  himself  in  an  orderly  manner. 

I  really  want  to  see  you  to  advise  &  consult  what  can  be 
done  ag*  Lloyd.  If  such  outrageous  abuse  should  go  unpunish- 
ed, if  the  grossest  insinuations  are  permitted  to  be  thrown  out 
ag*  a  gentleman's  character  by  such  scoundrels  with  impunity, 
there  is  an  end  of  civil  society.  Every  sturdy  insolent  fellow 
confiding  in  his  strength  might  insult  a  worthy  honest  man 
who  might  be  weaker — But  the  weaker  may  challenge  to  fight 
with  pistols:  to  vindicate  his  honor — but  how  unequal  &  hard 
is  the  injured  man's  fate,  to  be  under  a  necessity  of  exposing 
his  life  to  emminent  danger,  or  submitting  to  the  shame  of  be- 
ing deemed  a  coward  if  he  does  not  shew  a  proper  spirit — Be- 
sides the  injured  person  may  engage  under  great  disadvantages 
— in  the  late  instance  had  I  been  killed  what  dear  connections 
should  I  have  left  behind  me!  &  who  would  have  grieved  at 
Lloyd's  death?  I  do  not  believe  a  single  tear  would  have  been 
shed  on  the  occasion.  I  hope  Brodie  will  please,  if  he  does  not 
understand  the  business  well,  he  may  work  under  Joseph — 
Molly  desires  her  love  to  you —  I  am 

Yr  affectionate  Son  C :  C  of  C— 

Monday  October  30th  1769.     [122] 
br  "Papa/ 

.  .  .  The  fences  on  your  Plantation  near  town  are  strangely 
out  of  repair  unless  I  can  buy  fence  logs,  or  procure  them  from 
Magaty  at  a  cheaper  rate,  it  will  be  absolutely  necessary  to 
send  down  a  couple  of  stout  hands  to  assist  in  mauling  fence 


The  getting  fence  logs  from  G-adsby's  range  is  very  precarious 
&  I  must  not  depend  entirely  on  a  supply  from  that  quarter. 

Be  pleased  to  return  me  the  copy  of  Thos  Johnson's  opinion 
— will  it  not  be  necessary  to  prove  the  account  of  rents  due 
from  the  executor  of  John  Pearce  before  we  can  sue  for  them  % 
I  apprehend  the  account  must  be  proved. 

Pray  desire  Mrs  Darnall  to  have  a  search  made  in  the  differ- 
ent chests  of  drawers  for  a  coat  or  waistcoat  of  mine — One  of 
my  best  Cloth  coats  is  missing — it  is  of  a  light  brown  colour- — 
If  not  at  Elk-ridge,  I  fear  it  is  stolen  or  lost. 

In  looking  over  the  blotter  I  found  your  agree*  with  Rumsey 
to  sell  Deerhill  for  £50  Pena  currency — 

.  .  .  The  last  flower  we  had  from  Elkridge  is  excessively 
badly  ground — this  is  not  the  fault  of  the  wheat ;  for  the  flower 
before,  wh  was  from  this  year's  wheat,  was  very  good — the 
badness  of  the  present,  is  entirely  owing  to  the  miller's  negli- 
gence in  not  cleaning  the  stones  after  grinding  rya:  the  taste 
of  which  is  very  perceptible  in  the  bread — I  wish  you  would 
order  him  a  good  whipping — there  is  nothing  I  detest  more  than 
bad  bread:  it  is  a  shame  to  spoil  good  wheat  by  mere  negli- 
gence. .   .  . 

1st  November 

You  have  along  with  this  Joshua  Beall's  letter  &  Plots  of 
our  land  on  the  Western  branch — By  the  location  of  those 
lands  from  Conner's  &  Robinson's  Cases,  the  former  of  wh  calls 
for  the  beginning  tree  of  Concord  at  the  end  of  the  second 
course,  &  the  latter  for  a  tree  in  the  given  line  of  Concord, 
I  am  induced  to  think,  the  beginning  tree  of  Concord  stands 
or  ought  to  stand  at  C —  Frazier  &  Nichols  were  probably  mis- 
informed, and  ignorantly  proved  the  beginning  tree  at  a  place 
where  it  never  stood — should  you  be  of  this  opinion  on  reconsid- 
ering the  above  circumstances,  it  will  be  needless  to  enter  into 
arbitrations  bonds  with  Josia  Beall:  I  never  would,  &  I  am 
sure  you  would  not  chuse  to  dispute  a  clear  point  or  contend 
for  what  of  right  does  not  belong  to  you.  Josua  Beall  advises 
a  commission  to  be  taken  out  to  ^.x  the  beginning  of  Rover's 


content — You  observe  that  if  the  beginning  tree  of  Concord 
should  be  fixed  at  C.  a  great  part  of  the  resurvey  thereof,  or 
properly  of  Darnall's  good  will,  will  lay  foul  of  Offet's  land, 
&  a  considerable  quantity  of  vacant  land  be  left  out.  Will  it 
not  be  proper  to  obtain  a  warrant  to  take  up  that  vacant  land  ? 
If  the  bounds  of  the  Hog  pen  cannot  be  found.  I  presume  that 
tract  may  be  affected  by  the  warrant  of  resurvey  &  included 
as  vacant  land  in  our  resurvey — I  think  you  told  me  there  was 
some  land  warrant  due  to  you — How  can  I  know,  or  to  whom 
must  I  apply  to  know,  how  much  warrant  is  due  to  you — Pray 
consider  the  plots  well,  &  advise  what  had  best  be  done — 

Novr  5th 

I  have  both  yours  of  the  first  and  second  instant  before  me — 
I  observe  the  contents.  I  have  wrote  to  Mr  O'Neill  for  2000 
bushels  of  corn — I  have  spoke  to  Mr  Rah:  Neale  to  enquire  & 
let  me  know  on  what  terms  I  can  purchase  4000  in  S*  Mary's — 
I  have  desired  Mr  Tilghman,  who  set  off  to  day  for  S*  Mary's 
to  demand  their  answers. 

...  I  believe  my  new  overseer  will  do  well — the  negroes  at 
the  quarter  were  at  first  very  refractory :  two  of  them  have  been 
well  whipped,  &  Will  shall  have  a  severe  whipping  tomorrow — 
they  are  now  quite  quelled — our  Island  wheat  is  landed  at 
Bait.  Town  I  have  Mr  Brown's  receipt  for  550  bushels — the 
negroe's  shoes  last  sent  are  very  badly  made — the  overseer's 
expression  was  this,  it  is  only  leather  spoiled :  they  are  so  badly 

If  you  remove  Henny  from  the  Island,  a  good  house  wench 
must  be  sent  there  in  her  stead — I  really  wish,  we  never  had 
sent  for  a  priest :  they  are  troublesome  animals  in  a  family — & 
occasion  many  chops  &  changes — I  suppose,  Sears  is  too  fond 
of  Henny :  the  crime  of  adultery  is  certainly  great,  the  removal 
of  Henry  will  not  prevent  it.  Deorum  injurie  dis  cure.1 — We 
do  want  Henny  in  our  family. 

I  have  read  your  letter  to  D  D —  I  approve  of  it  in  general : 
some  few  alterations  I  would  recommend.    I  think  you  are  too 

1  Deorum  injurias  dis  curae   (scripsit)  Tiberius. 


prolix  on  the  affair  of  the  R.  C.  Assembly,  to  that  part  of 
his  letter  I  would  give  the  following  answer  without  descending 
to  particulars. — were  the  proceedings  of  the  Assembly  ag*  the 
Rom :  Oath :  just  or  not  ?  if  just,  I  acknowledge  myself  blame- 
able  in  censuring  so  boldly  those  proceedings:  if  unjust  they 
merited  the  censure:  are  not  the  proceedings  of  a  much  more 
august  Senate  frequently  arraigned  by  individuals  with  greater 
vehemence  &  more  notoriety?  individuals  have  a  right  under 
an  English  gover*  to  censure  the  conduct  of  their  rulers  &  rep- 
resentatives :  individuals  oppressed  &  injured  have  still  a  better 
&  stronger  right  to  complain  of  the  injury  &  oppression.  .  .  . 
I  do  not  return  yours  to  T>  D  by  this  opportunity;  it  shall 
be  returned  by  Mrs  Ireland.  You  have  herewith  the  News- 
papers. I  am 

Yr  affectionate  Son 

C.  Carroll  of  Carrollton 

P.  S.     You  have  inclosed  a  copy  of  the  Pope's  letter  to  the 
King  of  France  wh  I  received  by  the  last  post. 

1769  Novr  13th      [123] 
Dr  Charley/ 

I  have  realy  had  a  laborious  task  to  Answer  D:  D:s  letter, 
not  so  much  by  the  Bulk  of  my  Answer  which  I  could  not  well 
Contract  &  Answer  fully  at  the  same  time,  as  by  this  art,  wh 
on  a  Close  attention  to  His  Letter,  you  will  see  to  be  great,  & 
wh  obliged  me  frequently  to  Have  Recourse  to  all  the  letters 
which  past  between  us,  wh  was  very  troublesome  &  took  up 
much  time — you  will  see  particularly  in  Page  19  of  my  An- 
swer at  the  mark  C  C  th*  I  had  shortly  Answer' d  what  He  said 
about  His  desire  to  sit  in  the  Cause  between  me  &  my  Nephew, 
But  in  reading  His  letter  a  second  time  Page  18  at  the  end  of 
it,  &  Page  19  at  the  Top  I  observe  such  shuffling  perplexity  & 
art  th*  I  thought  it  necessary  to  Expose  it  by  3  Pages  which 
are  to  Come  in  at  the  letters  C  C  in  page  19  of  my  letter.  I 
Have  as  you  desired  set  forth  the  Distinction  between  an 
Illegall  &  Immorall  Act  &  I  hope  to  yr  Satisfaction — I  Have 


added  yr  thought  to  what  I  said  about  the  Assembly,  But  I 
Could  not  Curtail  what  I  said  on  th*  subject  as  there  are  stings 
in  it  wh  He  Cannot  but  take  to  Himself  &  wh  are  Connected 
with  other  Parts  of  my  letter  to  Him.  I  Cannot  take  the 
trouble  to  Copy  it,  therefore  Pray  desire  Mr  Deards  to  do  me 
that  favour — I  send  a  letter  to  D  D  acquainting  Him  I  should 
do  so,  let  Both  the  letters  bare  the  same  date  &  do  not  forget 
this.  When  Mr  Deards  Has  made  out  a  Copy  to  be  sent  to 
D:  D:  desire  Him  to  make  a  fair  one  for  me.  I  submit  my 
letter  to  D  D,  to  yr  Correction  in  Point  of  Stile  and  thought, 
But  take  Care  not  to  Alter  facts.  When  my  long  letter  is 
Copyed  send  it  wth  the  short  one  to  D :  D :  .  .  . 

.  .  .  Take  an  opportunity  to  let  Dor  Steuart  know  th*  I 
wanted  an  Answer  to  myne  only  in  Case  of  Mortality,  th*  by 
my  letter  to  D  D  He  may  see  I  did  not  doubt  He  would  vouch 
what  He  said,  &  th*  I  did  not  intend  to  shew  the  letter.  A  Beef 
shall  be  sent  downe  as  Molly  desires — If  Gentn  think  you  ought 
Deliver  up  the  Cheese  or  any  thing  Else  do  it,  But  let  them 
know  th*  the  Cheese  was  sent  by  a  long  standing  order  as  you 
will  see  by  looking  Back  into  the  Letter  Book.  Molly  is  more 
Particular  to  Rachell  about  yr  disorder  than  you  are,  she  says 
yr  tooth  is  out  &  th*  you  still  Have  a  feavour,  But  Her  letter 
is  not  dated,  Mrs  Ireland  tells  me  you  was  much  better  wh  I 
hope  is  true.  You  feel  nothing  Dr  Charley,  But  what  makes  me 
feel  very  sensibly  for  you,  therefore  be  airways  Particular  God 
grant  you  Health.     My  love  &  Blessing  to  you  both 

I  am  Dr  Charley 

Yr  Mo:  Aff*  Father 

Cha:   Carroll 

20th  Novr  1769 

[William  Graves  to  Charles  Carroll] 

Inner  Temple  14  Jan.  1770.      [124] 

My  absence  from  London  &  a  dangerous  illness  wherein  I 
was  given  over  by  my  physician,  must  excuse  my  being  so  late 


in  acknowleging  the  receipt  of  the  letter  with  which  you  honour- 
ed me  in  the  spring  of  the  last  year.  Your  civility  was  indeed 
a  surprize,  as  I  have  allways  been  hitherto,  &  am  likely  to 
remain,  utterly  unknown  both  to  yourself  &  to  the  country 
which  you  inhabit,  &  am  moreover  from  my  present  situation 
not  quite  at  liberty  to  enter  upon  a  particular  correspondence 
relative  to  the  main  purport  of  your  letter.  A  true  state  of 
facts  is  what  we  most  want.  The  several  charters  are  in  every 
bodys  possession,  &  few  are  ignorant  of  the  course  of  govern- 
ment which  has  hitherto  prevailed  in  the  colonies.  With  re- 
spect to  the  rights  resulting  from  these  charters,  &  from  that 
usage  of  government,  they  are  a  matter  of  dispute  &  argument, 
&  liable  to  various  reasonings.  In  this  controversy,  each  party 
lays  down  principles  which  the  other  denies.  In  reality,  upon 
the  ground  you  go,  the  British  parliament  have  no  power  or 
controll  in  or  over  America,  &  every  man  who  leaves  this  coun- 
try to  settle  there  is  a  subject  lost  to  Great  Britain  as  much 
as  if  he  trnasplanted  himself  to  Hanover.  He  acknowledges  the 
same  king,  but  not  the  same  government.  He  disclaims  the 
being  amenable  to  our  laws,  or  legislature;  notwithstanding 
several  of  the  charters  expressly  reserve  the  power  of  parlia- 
ment &  are  specially  worded  with  a  view  to  its  controll.  In- 
deed, by  your  way  of  writing  upon  the  subject  of  government, 
George  the  3d  is  what  James  the  2d  only  attempted  to  be,  our 
monarch  &  not  merely  the  executive  hand  of  the  state.  He 
is  by  you  considered  as  having  the  whole  sovereignty  in  himself, 
like  Cromwell  with  an  army  of  40,000  men,  &  the  parliament 
obliged  to  follow  his  directions  &  only  at  liberty  to  deliberate 
upon  the  means  of  carrying  his  will  into  effect.  I  ask  your 
pardon  for  being  so  idle  as  to  utter  a  syllable  upon  those  end- 
less topics  of  dispute  &  declamation,  the  rights  of  a  mother 
country  &  the  powers  of  an  English  king ;  I  will  never  be  guilty 
of  the  like  error  again,  I  give  you  my  word  &  honor. 

Permit  me  however  to  say  that  we  are  not  unacquainted 
with  any  of  the  positions  you  are  pleased  to  make  relative  to 
luxury,  places,  taxes,  trade,  manufactures  &  military  force. 
We  know  too  that  the  reason  why  you  do  not  manufacture  is 


because  it  is  not  worth  your  while.  The  price  of  labor  is  so 
high  in  America  that  the  inhabitants  find  it  cheaper  to  buy 
European  wares  than  to  make  them.  What  they  can  they  will 
smuggle  from  the  Dutch  or  French,  Spaniards  or  Danes  during 
the  present  animosities,  altho  they  pay  a  little  dearer  for  some 
particulars  than  what  they  might  procure  them  for  from  us; 
&  what  they  cannot  obtain  through  those  channels,  they  will 
take  care  to  leave  out  of  the  articles  associated  against.  But 
in  the  present  condition  of  the  country,  the  planters  would  be 
ruined  by  manufacturing.  Whenever  the  people  become  num- 
erous, &  hands  are  not  needed  for  agriculture,  they  will  natural- 
ly turn  to  manufactures  because  labor  will  be  cheap.  It  is 
not  affection  to  any  another  country  that  induces  a  planter  to 
purchase  her  commodities ;  it  is  either  force  or  interest ;  &  wise 
governments  will  endeavor  to  'bring  about  their  end  by  the 
latter  motive  as  much  as  possible.  A  penny  difference  in  a 
shilling  would  carry  any  trader  from  his  brother  to  a  foreigner 
or  to  the  devil,  were  he  secure  from  violence  &  had  no  counter- 
interest  to  restrain  him.  Profit  &  Loss  are  the  two  objects  that 
a  merchant  looks  at  &  by  which  he  directs  himself  intirely. 
Let  laws  be  made,  unless  they  can  be  enforced,  he  will  in  spite 
of  them  deal  with  an  enemy,  a  foreigner  or  a'  smuggler,  if  he 
can  buy  cheaper  of  them  than  of  the  open  trader  his  country- 
man friend  or  relative.  The  ties  of  blood,  religion  or  Patriot- 
ism will  not  avail  against  self-interest.  A  single  person  may 
be  swayed  by  such  motives,  but  not  the  bulk  of  mankind;  no 
nor  one  out  of  an  hundred,  let  the  ablest  orator  or  the  most 
powerful  preacher  say  what  he  will.  Passion  &  resentment  will 
not  hold  out  against  interest,  indeed  if  a  man  can  get  the  same 
commodity  equally  cheap  in  two  places,  he  will  then  indulge 
humor,  caprice,  affection,  in  preferring  one  to  the  other.  And 
yet  I  admit  all  your  general  maxims  about  trade  &  the  danger 
of  driving  it  into  other  channels,  insomuch  as  it  requires  time 
&  management  to  create  &  establish  any  branch  of  commerce  or 
to  bring  it  back  when  once  diverted. 

With  respect  to  ourselves ;  we  have  become  wealthy  by  trade, 


&  wealth  will  every  where  beget  vice  &  Luxury.  We  have  like- 
wise had  many  wars  &  they  occasion  taxes,  &  these  again  by 
raising  the  prices  of  the  commodities  &  necessaries  of  life  lay 
the  artisan  under  a  necessity  of  inhancing  the  price  of  his  labor 
&  perhaps  enable  the  foreigner  to  undersell  us  &c  &c  &c.  The 
same  will  be  the  fate  of  America  centuries  hence,  when  tax- 
gathers  &  placemen  will  arise,  &  their  offices  be  the  objects  & 
subjects  of  party-contests  &  party-writings  as  at  present  among 
us.  Nevertheless  Great  Britain  never  enjoyed  so  much  liberty 
as  now  which  the  daily  virulent  licentious  &  abandoned  decla- 
mations of  newswriters  &  pamphleteers  against  the  king  & 
ministry  demonstrate  beyond  the  possibility  of  contradiction. 
I  do  not  by  this  however  mean  to  approve  of  our  policy  which 
in  many  national  concerns  as  well  foreign  &  colonial  &  domes- 
tic, has  been,  in  my  humble  opinion  illadvised  &  illconducted. 
But  I  do  not  take  for  granted  what  every  popular  writer  thinks 
fit  for  his  own  purposes  to  assert,  or  on  the  otherside  suppose 
that  all  who  differ  from  me  about  public  matters  are  either 
fools  or  scoundrels.  Truth  frequently  is  found  in  the  middle 
between  two  contending  parties.  And  the  only  rule  which  I 
lay  down  to  myself  is  to  give  implicit  credit  to  no  man  in  his 
own  cause.  Hardy  assertion  &  violent  declamation  make  very 
little  impression  upon  me,  for  they  seldom  are  accompanied 
with  proof  or  argument.  The  mob  or  popular  cry  is  very 
rarely  founded.  And  general  maxims  conclude  but  little  as 
to  particular  cases. 

I  am  very  happy  in  finding  you  so  thoroughly  approve  your 
sons  choice.  He  deserves  to  be  happy  &  stands  a  great  chance 
to  be  so  by  having  the  evenest  &  best  temper  I  ever  met  with 
which  is  not  only  a  principal  ingredient  towards  human  felicity 
but  a  main  contributor  to  long  life  &  good  health.  And  yet 
his  frame  was  so  delicate  that  I  used  frequently  to  fear  his 
falling  into  a  consumption.  It  is  therefore  with  singular  pleas- 
ure I  hear  of  his  becoming  stronger  &  stouter.  Your  saying 
"  they  cannot  want,  if  they  are  tolerable  economists "  will 
perhaps  procure  me  pardon  for  remarking  on  this  point  that 


the  only  matter  I  used  to  caution  your  son  against  was  too 
much  economy.  In  truth  the  only  quarter  in  which  I  wished 
to  new  mould  his  mind  was  the  prudential  part.  The  love  of 
money  comes  upon  all  men  as  they  advance  in  years,  &  nature 
seems  to  have  been  so  framed  for  the  purpose  of  making  us 
provide  for  those  we  bring  into  this  world.  It  is  therefore  in  a 
degree  right  for  a  father  to  be  careful  &  saving,  but  not  for  the 
batchelor  or  childless,  &  less  in  a  new  country  than  an  old  one, 
because  the  mere  course  of  things  will  render  his  possessions 
more  valuable  as  every  acre  of  land  with  you  in  twenty  years 
will  at  least  double  its  value  I  do  not  mean  that  a  man  should 
consume  every  shilling  of  his  present  income  in  his  table,  clothes 
&  equipage.  He  may  very  well  employ  a  part  in  planting, 
inclosing  &  building,  in  the  encouragement  of  new  arts  &  manu- 
factures &  in  trying  experiments  which  are  too  expensive  for 
the  ordinary  man.  Such  expenses  would  make  ample  returns, 
in  the  long  run.  Why  is  not  the  affair  of  making  wine  tried 
to  the  utmost,  by  drawing  able  &  skilful  vignerons  from  France  ? 
The  American  would  be  sure  of  the  English  custom  in  that 
great  article.  Our  climate  will  not  do  for  it  &  we  can  have 
no  clashing  interest  to  struggle  with.  But  to  return  to  the 
point  of  money,  I  should  wish  your  son  to  spend  the  whole  of 
his  present  income  among  his  tenants  manufacturers  &  neigh- 
bors by  doing  principally  what  none  but  a  man  of  affluence  can 
do.  The  advantage  will  finally  redound  to  himself.  His  en- 
deavor need  not  be  to  lay  by  money,  but  to  render  whatever 
land  he  hath  of  more  value,  which  cannot -be  effected  without 
the  improvement  &  aggrandizement  of  his  country.  His  own 
attention  to  works  that  tend  to  such  improvement  will  busy 
both  his  mind  &  body,  &  the  greater  inducements  he  has  to  be 
without  doors  the  better  health  &  spirits  he  will  enjoy.  The 
more  delicate  a  mans  frame  is  the  more  studious  he  should  be 
to  find  out  amusements  which  require  bodily  exercise  in  a 
moderate  degree.  It  requires  a  strong  habit  of  body  to  lead 
a  sedentary  life  without  disorder.  But  the  motion  of  a  horse 
will  keep  almost  any  man  alive  that  is  not  totally  worn  out ;  & 


where  ones  possessions  are  large  the  very  works  that  are  going 
forward  in  different  parts  of  the  estate,  the  supervision  of  ones 
tenants  &  distant  farms,  &  the  common  &  necessary  visiting  & 
intercourse  of  friends  will  furnish  occasions  enough  of  being 
on  horseback  without  using  it  merely  as  phsyic  &  a  portion  or 
task  of  exercise  independent  of  any  object  or  end  to  be  attained. 
I  know  your  son  well  enough  to  be  sure  that  he  will  never  spend 
your  fortune;  my  only  fear  is  that  he  will  be  too  sollicitous 
about  the  increase  of  it.  He  is  very  well  turned  for  accounts 
&  I  dont  know  aught  that  is  of  more  use  &  satisfaction ;  he  has 
a  good  understanding  &  an  inclination  to  study;  all  of  which 
will  ever  prevent  the  hours  of  a  rainy  day  from  hanging  heavy 
upon  his  hands.  In  short,  you  have  great  reason  to  be  content, 
nay  to  be  happy  &  delighted  with  him.  But  I  must  close  with 
repeting  that  he  ought  to  guard  against  a  timid  &  penurious 
economy  by  being  large  in  his  views,  expenses  &  conduct,  & 
by  all  means  to  beware  of  encouraging  a  desire  of  money  for 
the  sake  of  laying  out  so  much  more  at  interest  &  not  for  the 
purposes  of  pushing  on  any  vein  of  trade  or  new  project  of 
bettering  or  ornamenting  his  estate,  improving  roads,  erecting 
farmhouses  or  of  beautifying  his  own  habitation  in  building, 
walks,  gardens,  plantations  pleasure  grounds  &c  &c.  Having 
thus  got  to  the  end  of  my  paper  I  must  finish  with  praying  you 
will  excuse  the  wordiness  desultoriness  of  a  man  who  never 
transcribes  but  is  Sir  without  form  or  ceremony  very  much 

Your  obed*  humble  Serv* 

W.  Graves 
P.  S. 

I  cannot  fold  up  without  observing  that  America  begins  in 
IT 54  (by  the  printed  paper  of  Dr  Franklyn  addressed  to  Gov1" 
Shirley)  with  professing  a  subjection  &  submission  to  all  par- 
liamentary duties  upon  goods  to  be  imported  or  exported,  talks 
of  them  as  secondary  &  external  taxes  which  a  colony  or  deri- 
vative country  must  allow,  for  the  good  of  the  whole,  &  objects 
to  nothing  but  internal  taxation  for  the  sake  of  raising  a  reve- 
nue.    Finding  no  ill  consequences  or  coertion  in  maintaining 


this  doctrine,  She  then  proceeds  in  1764  to  deny  the  power  of 
parliament  to  lay  either  internal  or  external  tax  or  duty,  dis- 
avows any  obedience  to  parliament  &  claims  to  hold  of  the  King 
alone  independent  of  any  controll  from  the  British  legislature. 
She  expressly  disclames  the  force  of  English  Acts  in  laying 
additional  duties  upon  their  own  commodities  when  imported 
into  America;  &  by  a  parity  of  reason  she  may  &  must  (after 
a  while)  refuse  to  pay  all  the  old  standing  duties  as  being  im- 
posed by  an  undue  authority,  however  long  the  same  may  have 
been  acquiesced  under.  She  likewise  must  contend  that  with 
the  assent  of  the  king  she  can  make  war  or  peace  &  treaties 
offensive  or  defensive  without  the  participation  of  or  even 
against  Great  Britain,  which  she  calls  however  out  of  civility 
the  mother  country.  In  a  word  she  it  totally  exempt  from 
British  jurisdiction  civil  or  criminal  &  not  coercible  in  any 
respect  by  our  legislature,  but  happens  to  have  the  same  king; 
altho  she  must  deny  that  this  arises  from  the  British  act  of 
settlement  upon  the  present  family,  &  there  is  no  other  law  for 
it:  .  .  .  However,  so  it  is,  &  America  is  no  part  of  the  British 
dominions,  any  more  than  Hanover.  She  may  &  will  refuse  by 
&  bye  "  to  take  any  thing  from  us  which  by  any  means  may  be 
had  cheaper  from  any  other  quarter  "  as  you  now  very  fully 
speak  out.  And,  being  no  subject,  she  will  like  the  Dutch  trade 
with  us  upon  an  equal  footing,  that  is,  where  her  interest  ren- 
ders it  expedient  &  not  otherwise.  She  is  an  Ally  only  &  can- 
not be  guilty  of  rebellion  by  opposing  the  laws  we  submit  to  & 
are  governed  by.  They  are  our  laws,  not  hers.  She  never 
assented  to  them  &  may  therefore  oppose  with  arms  those  who 
would  enforce  them  against  her  as  authors  of  violence.  E"ay 
her  alliance  with  us  being  grounded  on  no  express  compact,  nor 
her  submission  to  the  present  regal  family  established  by  any 
Act  of  Assembly  (which  is  no  longer  to  be  considered  as  a 
subordinate  but  as  the  supreme  legislature)  Nothing  but  tacit 
acquiescence  can  be  pleaded  for  either,  &  on  a  fit  occasion  both 
may  therefore  be  fairly  controverted  &  denied.  "  She  is  (in- 
deed sensible  it  is  not  yet  time  for  her  to  have  recourse  to  the 
ultima  ratio." 


Aprill  10th  1770     [125] 
Dr  Charley, 

I  have  yr  two  letters  from  Aprill  the  2d  to  the  9th  inclusive. 
It  is  Right  to  Charge  Mr  Johnson  with  the  Balle  yon  mention 
due  from  Thos  Jennings  If  you  have  His  Consent  to  do  so. 
Johnson  has  not  informed  me  the  quantity  of  Land  He  has 
added,  I  told  him  if  He  Could  obtain  D:  Dulany's  Consent, 
He  should  Have  it  upon  the  same  Rent  in  proportion  as  Jen- 
ings  payed,  with  a  lease  for  the  whole  for  the  Remainder  of  the 
Term,  He  has  neglected  this  matter  &  He  may  Chance  to 
Repent  it,  shew  him  what  I  write  &  it  may  prompt  him  to  be 
C'arefull.  Should  D:  D:  refuse  to  Grant  it  to  him,  upon  the 
Terms  yr  other  part  was  Leased  to  L.  Jenings,  I  think  He 
Cannot  Refuse  it  to  him  at  the  Rate  of  £6  ster.  a  lot  I  mean 
the  Measure  of  the  Lots  in  Bloomsbery  Square  or  at  th*  Rate 
we  now  lease  th*  Land.  To  prevent  mistakes  make  a  Mn  of 
this  in  yr  Blotter,  &  if  Mr  Johnson  desires  it  give  him  a  Copy 
of  what  I  now  write  to  you. 

Inclosed  you  Have  Joseph  Elgart  Ace*  If  in  yr  Books  you 
Have  an  open  Ace*  wth  Mrs  Margaret  Cumming,  Close  it  by 
the  following  Entry.  By  the  sum  pr  Ca  settled  with  you  by 
my  Father. 

I  am  not  surprised  at  yr  Resolution  to  take  1000  Dollars 
out  of  the  office,  not  only  as  you  told  me  you  intended  to  do  so, 
But  as  I  am  sensible  you  will  want  it,  unless  Payments  be  made 
to  you,  But  it  seems  strange  you  should  let  money  to  the  Law7s 
unless  you  have  sufficient  to  Pay  for  the  Corn  when  Called  on : 
you  know  L:  Lawson  must  be  pd  in  silver  Dollars. 

I  shall  Answer  what  you  write  about  Ignas  Digges  in  a 
separate  letter. 

The  weather  has  been  very  Severe,  no  Appearance  as  yet 
of  Spring  &  Consequently  nothing  Can  be  or  is  Hurt  but  my 
Cucumbers  Raised  under  glasses  in  hot  Beds,  &  they  are 

Whether  the  Revenue  Acts  be,  or  be  not  Repealed  you  need 
not  fear  the  want  of  Ships  to  Carry  away  all  the  tobo.  made, 


tob°  gives  the  Merchants  to  large  a  Credit  &  they  in  Generall 
stand  so  much  in  need  of  Credit  th*  they  must  import  tobo 
to  obtain  it.  Has  not  M*  West  a'  good  Stock  of  Assurance  to 
offer  His  Service,  if  He  will  get  His  uncle  Hall  to  Endorse  His 
Bills  I  will  sell  to  Him.  He  has  been  in  our  Parts,  But  has 
not  favoured  me  wth  His  Company. 

I  had  a  letter  from  C :  Brooke  telling  me  I  might  depend 
on  the  Pork,  I  have  wrote  to  know  whether  it  be  Come  &  when 
it  is  Expected. 

Did  the  Dutch  Butcher  Ery  deliver  my  letter  to  you  &  the 
Beefs  Tongues  wh  He  promised  me. 

I  send  you  yr  letter  by  wh  you  will  see  you  said  you  sent  me 
£18:  5:  0. 

Has  Capn  Carroll,  had  His  Health  last  winter  &  how  did  He 
look  when  He  was  with  you  ? 

Do  not  give  yr  self  the  Trouble  of  sending  me  an  Extract  of 
yr  Cash  Ace*,  it  will  answer  no  Purpose,  Examine  the  Accts  you 
Have  paid,  &  How  the  Claims  arose  I  do  not  Recollect  such 
large  demands  on  us  in  so  short  a  time,  if  upon  a  serious  Con- 
sideration, you  find  any  unnecessary  Expence,  Endeavour  to 
avoid  it  hereafter. 

Have  you  Heared  from  Mr  Harding  about  the  sugar  I  wrote 
for  by  Mr  Francis?  if  not  write  again. 

I  Have  shewn  Mrs  Darnall  everything  you  wrote  Relating  to 
Hawkins  &  Her  money. 

I  Return  you  Coll  Youngs  letter  wh  Pray  put  up  wth  W :  Ds 
Papers,  I  also  send  a  letter  Coll  Young  wh  forward  after  take- 
ing  a  Copy  of  it. 

I  will  prove  Jonas  Greens  Bond  whenever  a  Magistrate  falls 
in  my  way  w11  is  seldom. 

It  is  so  Cold  &  dry  th*  nothing  growes.  Our  wheat  in  Gen- 
erall looks  shockingly  most  of  it  speared  out  of  the  ground  so 
is  the  Red  Clover,  a  great  deal  of  the  last  with  Roots  5  &  6 
long  is  speared  out,  frequent  frosts  &  thaws  &  Rains  have 
made  the  winter  most  unseasonable  for  small  grain  it  is  a 
Generall  Complaint  not  only  here  but  among  the  Back  farmers. 


I  sowed  some  wheat  &  Oates  in  my  Garden  the  30th  past  in 
Beds  well  dunged  &  at  the  writing  of  this  on  the  12th  of  Apr  ill, 
I  Cannot  perceive  a  Blade  of  either.  My  Cattle  look  better 
than  Could  be  Expected,  most  of  my  Hogs  I  suppose  to  be  dead, 
for  I  see  very  few  of  them  in  my  Bides.  We  are  well  &  wish 
you  &  Molly  to  be  so,  my  love  &  Blessing  to  you  &  Her.  I  am 
Dr  Charley  Yr  Mo :  Aff*  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 
P.  S.     Aprill  13th,  is  there  any  Confirmation  th*  the  ministry 
is  Changed  ?     What  is  Become  of  Carcaud  ?     I  suppose  Yelding 
did  not  see  Capn  Covall,  or  th*  He  is  not  yet  Returned. 

Inclosed  you  have  Otteys  letter,  Answer  the  Queries  at  the 
Bottom  of  it,  to  Enable  me  to  transact  the  Business  with  him. 

Have  you  seen  Josa  Beal?  Has  He  discharged  His  Bond? 
are  there  any  Warrts  in  the  Surveyors  hands  Affecting  the 
lands  Contiguous  to  Concord  &  Outlet  % 

If  it  be  not  too  inconvenient  to  Mr  Thos  Johnson  I  desier 
He  would  Remove  one  of  His  Houses  which  stands  as  I  think 
in  one  of  the  Cross  streets  of  Bloomesbery  Square  &  I  would 
have  His  Lot  bind  on  th*  street. 

Aprill  13th  I  mistook  the  Day  of  the  month,  what  is  in  the 
above  Postscript  was  wrote  on  the  12th.  This  is  a  fine  warm 
day  But  we  want  a  Sober  warm  Rain  to  make  the  grass  grow  & 
to  help  the  wheat  &  to  bring  up  the  Oates  &c. 

Vol.  XII  DECEMBER,    1917  No.  4 










hi1  iiniiiiiniiiiiiiiiiii 

"An  ideal  soldier  should  be  well  bred, 
well  fed,  and  well  read.  The  Govern- 
ment will  attend  to  the  first  two;  let  us 
look  after  the  third." 

Send  all  of  your  spare  books  to  the 
Peabody  Institute  for  distribution  to 
the  camps. 



^Published  Toy  authority  of  the  State 


This  volume  is  now  ready  for  distribution  and  is  a  continuation 
of  the  Proceedings  of  the  General  Assembly.  It  includes  the  Journals 
and  Acts  of  the  sessions  held  from  May,  1730  to  August,  1732,  and 
is  edited  by  Bernard  C.  Steiner,  Ph.  D.  The  recent  recovery  of  the 
manuscript  volumes  of  Laws  from  1711  to  1776,  enables  the  editor 
to  print,  for  the  first  time,  the  private  laws  passed  at  these  sessions. 
The  printed  Session  Laws  included  only  the  public  laws.  A  few 
miscellaneous  documents  relating  to  the  period  covered  by  the  vol- 
ume are  printed  as  an  appendix.  The  two  indices  formerly  compiled 
have  been  replaced  by  a  consolidated  one,  which  makes  search  for 
any  subject  easier.  The  early  part  of  this  volume  covers  the  latter 
part  of  the  gubernatorial  administration  of  that  pathetic  scholar, 
Benedict  Leonard  Calvert,  brother  of  Charles,  fifth  Lord  Baltimore; 
and  the  latter  portion  of  the  book  treats  of  the  beginning  of  the 
long  governorship  of  Samuel  Ogle.  The  tobacco  industry  was  in  a 
languishing  condition  and  considerable  attention  was  given  it,  in 
the  hope  of  securing  better  prices  for  Maryland  tobacco.  The  long- 
drawn-out  discussion  over  the  proper  form  of  the  oath  to  be  taken 
by  judges  finally  resulted  in  a  compromise  between  Proprietary  and 
Provincials  as  to  such  wording.  The  condition  and  treatment  of 
insolvent  debtors  continued  to  be  a  blot  upon  the  record  of  the 
Province  and  a  considerable  number  of  private  acts  were  passed  for 
the  relief  of  some  of  these  unfortunate  men.  An  assize  bill,  regu- 
lating proceedings  of  the  County  Courts,  was  passed.  A  long-stand- 
ing attempt  to  authorize  the  issue  of  bills  of  credit  finally  succeeded 
and  the  paper  money  was  guarded  by  such  a  sinking  fund  as  to  be 
fully  redeemed  when  it  was  due.  Manufactures  of  iron  and  linen 
were  encouraged.  An  unsuccessful  effort  was  made  to  have  the 
militia  receive  more  efficient  training.  Several  towns,  among  them 
Salisbury,  were  incorporated,  and  the  Church  for  St.  Paul's  Parish 
in  Baltimore  County  was  removed  from  Colgate's  Creek  to  Baltimore 
Town.  Defects  in  the  title  of  certain  tracts  of  land  were  cured  and 
the  "  preservation  of  the  breed  of  wild  deer  "  received  attention  from 
the  legislators.  Especial  features  of  interest  are  the  Journal  of  the 
Committee  of  Accounts  for  1730,  showing  the  details  of  the  Provin- 
cial expenses,  and  the  yea  and  nay  votes  recorded  in  the  Proceedings 
of  the  Session  of  1732,  from  which  we  learn  how  the  members  of  the 
Lower  House  voted  in  any  division  upon  questions  coming  before 
them  for  determination. 

The  attention  of  members  of  the  Society  who  do  not  now  receive  the 
Archives  is  called  to  the  liberal  provision  made  by  the  Legislature, 
which  permits  the  Society  to  furnish  to  its  own  members  copies  of 
the  volumes,  as  they  are  published  from  year  to  year,  at  the  mere 
cost  of  paper,  press  work  and  binding.  This  cost  is  at  present  fixed 
at  one  dollar,  at  which  price  members  of  the  Society  may  obtain  one 
copy  of  each  volume  published  during  the  period  of  their  membership. 
For  additional  copies,  and  for  volumes  published  before  they  became 
members,  the  regular  price  of  three  dollars  is  charged. 









Corresponding  Seoretary, 


Recording   Secretary* 





The  General  Officers 




1866.    GEORGE  PEARODY, Gift,     . 


ISAAC    F.    NICHOLSON,      ....     Gift,     . 

MENDES   COHEN, Bequest 






Gift  of  the  H.  Irvine  Keyser  Memorial  Building. 

"I  give  and  bequeath  to  The  Maryland  Historical  Society  the 
sum  of dollars." 



The  Library  Company  op  Baltimore, 297 

Professional  Publicity, 311 

Proceedings  of  the  Committee  of  Observation  for  Elizabeth 
Town  District  [Washington  County],    From  mss.  in  Pos-> 

session  of  the  Society, 324 

Extracts  from  the  Carroll  Papers.    From  mss.  in  Possession  of 

the  Society,              347 

Correspondence  of  Governor  Sharpe.    From  Transcripts  in  the 

Library  of  Congress,        --------  370 

Men  of  Maryland  Specially  Honored  by  the  State  or  the 

United  States.    [Additions  and  Corrections],            -        -  383 

Bible  Records.    Contributed  by  Sarah  Elizabeth  Stuart,        -        -  386 

Proceedings  of  the  iSociety,            -------  392 

Notes, 394 

The  War  Libraries, 395 

Committee  on  Publications 

SAMUEL   K.   DENNIS,   Chairman. 



Vol.  XII.  DECEMBEK,  1917.  No.  4. 


[The  Library  Company  of  Baltimore  was  organized  in  1795  and 
was  merged  with  the  Maryland  Historical  Society  in  1854.  During 
the  fifty-eight  years  of  its  existence  its  roster  included  the  names  of 
the  foremost  citizens  of  Baltimore.  It  was  called  into  being  by  the 
Archbishop  of  Baltimore,  the  Rector  of  Old  St.  Paul's  and  the 
Pastor  of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church. 

There  may  be  no  direct  connection  of  the  following  "  Forum 
letters "  with  the  foundation  and  organization  of  the  Library, 
though  they  doubtless  influenced  the  minds  of  many  in  that  direc- 
tion; and  it  is  interesting  to  learn  from  them  that  an  attempt  to 
form  a  library  had  been  made  even  before  1793. 

The  Minute  books  and  other  records  came  into  the  possession  of 
the  Society  at  the  time  of  the  merger  and  from  these  it  appears 
that  the  first  formal  meeting  of  the  association  was  held  on  Decem- 
ber 20,  1795;  that  the  meeting  for  actual  organization  was  held  on 
January  20,  1796,  when  Archbishop  Carroll  was  elected  President, 
Mr.  George  "W.  Field,  Secretary,  and  Mr.  John  Price,  Jr.,  Treas- 
urer. Frequent  meetings  were  held  during  the  year,  lists  of  desid- 
erata prepared,  exchange  purchased  and  sent  abroad ;  but  it  was  not 
until  the  first  Monday  in  September,  1796,  that  a  room  was  rented 
in  the  house  of  Mr.  Benj.  Williams,  in  Lemmon  St.,  (now  Holliday 
St.)  and  that  Mr.  John  Mondesir  was  elected  Librarian.  Further 
detailed  accounts  of  the  activities  of  the  Board  of  Directors,  will 
later  appear.] 

For  The  Baltimore  Daily  Repository. 
Mr.  Editor, 

It  is  a  circumstance  to  be  regretted,  that  a  town  like  this, 
containing  upwards  of  fifteen  thousand  inhabitants,  does  not 



afford  a  circulating  library;  possibly,  a  number  not  sufficient 
to  support  one.  The  advantages  that  would  accrue  towards  the 
mental  accomplishments,  from  an  institution  of  this  nature, 
and  the  disadvantages  arising  from  the  want  of  one,  are  too 
obvious  to  need  a  recital. 

Suppose,  for  instance,  a  certain  number  of  ladies  and  gen- 
tlemen were  to  form  a  "  Eeading  Society/'  and  each  to  sub- 
scribe one  guinea  per  year  towards  the  support  of  it;  the  sub- 
scribers to  order  such  books  as  they  think  proper,  in  rotation, 
for  the  use  of  such  society,  provided  they  are  approved  by  a 
committee,  which  with  a  secretary  and  treasurer,  should  be 
chosen  out  of  the  subscribers;  the  committee  to  meet  once  a 
month  to  transact  such  business  as  should  be  deemed  requisite ; 
no  person  to  have  two  books  at  one  time ;  every  person  keeping 
a  book  longer  than  the  time  allotted  by  the  committee,  to  be 
fined  accordingly;  any  person  damaging  a  book  to  pay  for  the 
same ;  the  books,  after  having  been  perused  six  or  twelve  months, 
to  be  sold,  and  the  money  appropriated  to  the  purchase  of  new 
books,  &c,  &c. 

I  do  not  pretend  to  lay  down  rules ;  only,  if  the  hint  should 
be  improved,  it  will  be  a  satisfaction  to 

Baltimore,  January  29,  1793. 

Mr.   Graham, 

Observing  in  your  paper  of  to-day  a  piece,  signed  Philonaus, 
calling  the  attention  of  the  Citizens  to  the  Establishment  of 
a  Circulating  Library,  I  was  pleased  to  find  myself  anticipated ; 
yet,  as  I  differ  from  that  gentleman  in  the  plan,  suffer  me  to 
propose  the  adoption  of  one  similar  to  that  of  the  Philadelphia 
Library  Company,  established  by  Dr.  Franklin,  many  years 
ago,  which,  from  its  extensive  utility,  is  too  notorious  to  re- 
quire a  particular  recital. — The  value  of  a  share,  in  that  com- 
pany, is  ten  pounds,  and  surely,  there  are  many  hundred  in 
this  town  who  would  contribute  an  equal  sum  to  provide  a 
permanent  fund  for  the  establishment  of  an  institution  so  de- 


serving  of  public  patronage. — The  advantages  resulting  to 
society  from  an  institution  which  has  for  its  object  the  informa- 
tion of  the  inquisitive,  the  entertainment  of  the  superficial,  and 
the  general  improvement  of  the  human  mind,  must  strike  the 
most  unlettered  observer. 

Is  it  not  therefore  astonishing  that  a  town  respectable  for 
its  number,  respectable  for  its  commerce,  should  have  continued 
so  long  inattentive  to  the  advancement  of  science,  the  belles 
lettres,  and  the  real  ornaments  of  life?  Without  reflecting  on 
the  vacancy  of  ideas,  and  predominating  passions  of  the  ladies 
for  dissipation,  let  us  endeavor  to  remove  the  evil  by  afford- 
ing them  the  means  of  cultivation,  and  stimulate  them  to  a 
love  of  literature  by  publicly  avowing  that  we  are  friends  to 
science. — I  reprobate  the  idea  of  selling  the  books  at  the  end 
of  every  six  or  twelve  months,  as  I  contemplate  a  period  not 
far  distant  when  it  may  be  proper  to  obtain  the  sanction  of 
government,  by  an  act  of  incorporation,  in  order  that  posterity 
may  derive  some  benefit  from  our  exertions. — If  this  plan  is 
adopted,  it  will  be  cheaper  than  that  proposed  by  Philonaus, 
which  supposes  the  necessity  of  a  renewal  every  year;  but  as 
I  am  not  tenacious  of  my  opinion,  I  shall  chearfully  acquiesce 
in  any  plan  which  will  most  effectually  produce  the  desired 
object.  A  Citizex. 

Baltimore.  Januarv  31,  1793. 

3Ir.  Graham, 

If  Philonaus  and  A  Citizen  unite  and  digest  a  regular  plan 
for  the  establishment  of  a  public  library,  they  will  merit,  and 
receive,  the  thanks  of  every  enlightened  individual. — The  idea 
thrown  out  by  the  former,  is  not  suited  to  the  meridian  of 
Baltimore;  it  seems  rather  calculated  to  provide  a  fund  of  en- 
tertainment for  the  wealthy  society  of  some  populous  village 
in  Britain,  and  to  feast  them,  once  a  month,  upon  political 
pamphlets:  but  here,  an  increasing,  useful  collection  is  neces- 
sary, such  as  may  both  amuse  and  enlarge  the  understanding. 
A  Citizens  allusion  to  Dr.  Franklin's  plan  is  far  better,  and 


equally  as  practical  here  as  at  Philadelphia :  but  his  cynical 
severity  towards  the  fair  sex  was  unjust;  and  he  may  be  told, 
that  the  predominating  passions  for  dissipation,  and  a  vacancy 
of  ideas,  are  misfortunes  not  exclusively  attached  to  the  ladies. 
The  remark  was  illiberal,  and  by  no  means  connected  with 
the  formation  of  so  useful,  so  noble  an  institution  as  that  of 
a  Public  Library. 

Another   Citizen. 
Baltimore,  February  1,  1793. 

Mr.  Graham, 

I  would  chearfully  unite  with  Philonaus,  or  any  other  re- 
spectable citizen,  in  digesting  a  Plan  for  the  Establishment  of 
a  Public  Library,  but  that  I  think  the  one  already  'proposed 
best  suited  to  the  meridian  of  Baltimore,  and  am  happy  to 
find  my  ideas  meet  the  approbation  of  Another  Citizen.  Al- 
though he  has  accused  me  of  illiberality  in  my  remarks  upon 
the  "  vacancy  of  ideas  in  the  fair  sex,"  which  I  wished  to 
attribute  rather  to  the  contracted  means  of  improvement  than 
the  imbecility  of  nature,  and  chearfully  acknowledge  that  the 
predominant  passion  for  dissipation  is,  among  the  evils  of 
society,  not  "  exclusively  "  confined  to  the  ladies — It  can  alone 
be  remedied  by  the  introduction  of  literature,  as  a  necessary 
qualification  to  distinction  and  merit. 

As  many  of  your  readers  may  be  as  ignorant  of  the  plan  I 
allude  to  as  Another  Citizen,  it  may  not  be  improper  to  premise 
the  outlines — 

Let  the  number  of  shares  be  indefinite,  and  the  subscription 
continue  open  ad  infinitum — Each  share  be  equal  to  ten 
pounds — Every  subscriber  be  obliged  to  pay  for  each  share  sub- 
scribed, ten  shillings  annually,  in  addition  to  the  original  sub- 
scriptions, as  a  fund  to  defray  the  wages  of  a  Librarian,  who 
should  be  a  man  of  letters,  rent  of  a  room  and  contingent  ex- 
penses— The  subscribers  to  choose  twelve  directors,  a  treasurer 
and  secretary,  annually,  from  their  own  body,  vesting  the  di- 
rectors with  authority  to  constitute  such  bye-laws  as  they  may 


judge  useful  for  the  internal  government  of  the  institution, 
and  a  discretionary  power  to  order  and  select  such  books  as 
they  best  approve  of,  regard  being  had  to  the  value  of  the 
funds — The  shares  to  be  assignable,  and  the  subscriber  to  have 
the  privilege  of  transferring  his  right  to  another,  for  a  limited 
time — Every  person  taking  out  a  book,  to  oblige  himself,  under 
a  fixed  penalty,  to  return  it  in  good  order,  and  within  a  limited 
time,  subject  to  a  stipulated  fine,  in  proportion  as  that  time  may 
be  exceeded — Those  not  entitled  by  subscription,  to  deposite 
double  the  value  of  the  book  loaned,  or  set  to  which  it  may  be- 
long, paying  therefor  a  certain  hire  per  week  or  month — The 
fines  and  hire  of  the  books  would,  generally,  be  more  than  ade- 
quate to  the  expenses  of  the  institution. 

By  this  mode  the  stranger  and  citizen,  not  capable  of  sub- 
scribing, may  be  accommodated  with  food  and  entertainment 
at  a  much  cheaper  rate  than  any  other  I  can  suppose  feasible, 
and  it  is  my  sincere  wish  the  subject  may  claim  the  attention 
of  the  public. 

A  Citizen. 
Baltimore,  February  2,  1793. 

Mr.   Graham, 

I  am  well  pleased  to  find,  through  the  channel  of  your  Ee- 
pository,  an  improvement  made  on  the  hint  I  offered  to  the 
public,  for  which  I  thank  your  correspondents.- — We  have 
heretofore  been  witnesses  of  unsuccessful  attempts  to  establish 
a  public  library,  by  which  motive  I  was  prompted  to  offer  the 
plan  in  my  former,  intended  for  no  other  than  a  select  society, 
and  as  such,  I  am  persuaded,  it  would  have  proved  cheap  and 

But  when  I  contemplate  the  rapid  progress  and  improve- 
ments this  place  is  daily  making  in  wealth,  commerce,  and  the 
increasing  number  of  inhabitants,  I  acknowledge  Dr.  Frank- 
lin's plan  merits  the  preference,  as  best  calculated  to  answer 
the  desired  object;  and  since  your  correspondents  agree  as  to 
the  propriety  of  establishing  such  plan,  I  have  to  assure  them 


it  meets  my  most  hearty  concurrence,  and  I  unite  with  A  Citi- 
zen in  recommending  it  to  the  attention  of  your  courteous  read- 
ers. Let  us  no  longer  leave  vacancy  for  a  supposition  that  we 
are  an  unenlightened  people,  nor  hesitate  to  use  our  efforts  to 
establish  and  cultivate  a  plan  so  evidently  advantageous  to  the 
community,  and  productive  of  the  most  pleasing  embellishments 
of  life. 

Baltimore,  February  4,  1793. 


About  the  20th  of  December  1795,  some  Gentlemen  in  Bal- 
timore Town,  impressed  with  a  sense  of  the  benefits  resulting 
from  a  Public  Library,  &  concerned  that  there  was  no  Institu- 
tion of  the  kind;  in  this  Town,  drew  up  some  Constitutional 
outlines  of  one,  which  they  submitted  to  several,  who  they 
supposed  would  patronize  so  Laudable  an  Institution.  In  a 
very  few  days,  fifty  nine  persons  Subscribed  these  outlines.  A 
meeting  of  the  Subscribers,  was  then  called,  and  the  following 
proceedings  ensued — 

Baltimore,  Decr  23rd  1795. 

At  a  Meeting  of  the  Subscribers,  for  establishing  a  Public 
Library  in  Baltimore,  The  Eight  Revd  Dr  Jn°  Carroll,  was 
called  to  the  Chair,  &  Mr  Bichd  Caton  was  made  Clerk  to  the 

After  some  conversation  on  the  subject,  which  had  brought 
them  together;  it  was, 

Resolved,  That  the  Right  Revd  Dr  Jn°  Carroll  DD.  The 
Rev*  Patrick  Allison,  DD.  The  Revd  Josh  G.  J.  Bend  M.  A. 
Dr  Geo:  Browne  &  George  W.  Field,  should  be  a  Committee 
to  draught,  and  report  to  the  Subscribers,  at  a  Meeting  to  be 
held  on  Friday,  the  8th  of  January  1796  or  sooner,  if  they 
should  be  ready,  a  Constitution  for  carrying  into  effect,  the 
object,  which  they  contemplated. 


Resolved,  that  Mr  Cat  on  &  Mr  Poultney  be  a  committee,  to 
procure  additional  Subscribers.  The  Subscribers  then  adjourn- 
ed to  meet  at  Brydens  Inn,  on  the  day  aforesaid  at  6  o'clock  in 
the  Evening. 

Baltimore  8th  Janry  1796. 

The  Subscribers  for  Establishing  a  Public  Library  in  Bal- 
timore, met  pursuant  to  adjournment;  and  the  Bight  Revd  Dr 
Carroll  was  called  to  the  Chair. 

The  Revd  Mr  Bend,  of  the  Committee,  appointed  to  draught 
a  Constitution,  reported  the  plan  of  one,  which  was  ordered 
to  be  read,  and  read  accordingly. 

It  was  afterwards  read,  a  second  time,  by  Paragraphs,  and 
having  received  several  amendments,  it  was  then  agreed  to,  and 
ordered  to  be  transcribed  into  a  book  for  Subscription,  at  the 
next  meeting;  at  which  time  it  was  generally  understood,  that 
they  should  proceed  to  the  choice  of  officers. 

Adjourned  to  Meet  at  Brydens  Inn,  on  Wednesday  the  13th, 
Inst,  at  Six  o'clock,  P.M. 

Baltimore  13th  JtmrJ  1796. 

The  Subscribers  for  establishing  a  Public  Library  in  Bal- 
timore, met  pursuant  to  adjournment,  and  called  The  Right 
Revd  Dr  John  Carroll  to  the  Chair,  and  made  Mr  George  W. 
Field  their  Clerk,  The  Constitution  agreed  to,  at  their  last 
meeting,  was  then  read,  &  afterwards  Subscribed  to  by  the 
Persons  present  &  is  as  it  appears  in  Pages  9,  10,  11,  12,  13 
&  14.  The  Constitutional  number  for  -choosing  Officers  being 
present  they  proceeded  to  choose,  agreeably  to  the  constitution 
Twelve  Directors;  and  the  following  Gentlemen,  having  the 
greatest  number  of  Votes,  were  declared  to  be  duly  Elected: 
Viz— The  R*  Revd  Dr  Jn°  Carroll,  The  Revd  Mr  Bend,  Mr 
Richard  Caton,  Mr  Thomas  Poultney,  Mr  James  Carroll,  Mr 
George  W.  Field,  The  Revd  Dr  Allison,  Dr  George  Brown,  Mr 
Rob*  Gilmor,  Mr  James  Casey,  Mr  Nicholas  Brice,  &  Mr 
David  Harris. 

The  Company  then  adjourned  Sine  die — 

304  maryland  historical  magazine. 

Constitution  of  the 
Library  Company  of  Baltimore. 

Being  fully  convinced,  that  in  proportion  to  the  diffusion  of 
useful  knowledge  the  Interest  of  Virtue  will  be  promoted,  and 
the  prosperity  of  a  community  augmented ;  considering  the  Es- 
tablishment of  a  Public  Library  to  which  an  easy,  but  regulated 
access  may  be  had,  essential  to  the  accomplishment  of  these  ends ; 
and  confirmed  in  this  opinion  by  the  happy  effects,  which  have 
flowed  from  similar  Institutions  in  other  places;  We  the  Sub- 
scribers, have  associated  for  the  purpose  of  establishing  a  Pub- 
lic Library,  in  Baltimore.  Sensible  also,  that  wholesome  regu- 
lations are  absolutely  necessary  to  the  beneficial,  and  orderly 
management  of  such  an  Institution,  We  bind  ourselves,  to  con- 
form to  the  following  Constitution,  as  it  is  now  decreed,  and  as 
it  may  be  hereafter  lawfully  modified,  and  to  all  laws  regularly 
flowing  from  the  same.  And  we  pledge  ourselves,  if  it  shall 
be  hereafter  deemed  practicable,  and  usefull  to  apply  to  the 
legislature,  for  an  Act  of  Incorporation,  for  the  purpose  of 
giving  greater  stability  and  effect  to  the  Institution. 

Article*  7t 

The  style  &  title  of  the  Institr  aon,  shall  be,  "  The  Library 
Company  of  Baltimore." 

Article  2nd 

There  shall  be  no  definite  number  of  Shares ;  but  every  Per- 
son may  be  entitled  to  a  Share,  who  shall  be  regularly  admitted 
a  Member  of  the  Company.  The  price  of  a  share  shall  be 
Twenty  Dollars ;  an<L  every  Member  shall  annually  contribute, 
Four  Dollars,  for  every  share  which  he  may  lawfully  possess. 

Article  3rd 

The  Books,  and  other  Effects  of  the  Company,  shall  be  their 
joint  Property:  and  ~y  member  shall  be  at  liberty  to  Trans- 
fer his  share  by  salt        iuest,  or  right,  or  in  any  other  way 


in  which  other  property  may  be  alienated,  but  in  every  case  of 
Transfer  except  by  will  or  descent,  the  person  in  whose  favor 
it  is  intended  to  be  made,  shall  be  first  approved  of  by  a  board 
of  directors,  hereafter  to  be  appointed ;  and  all  Transfers  shall 
be  made  according  to  some  mode  prescribed  by  the  directors. 


No  person  shall  be  allowed  to  Subscribe  for  more  than  one 
share  in  the  Library,  or  to  increase  this  number  in  any  other 
way,  than  by  legacy  or  inheritance.  And  if  any  Member  shall 
at  any  time  become  regularly  possessed  of  a  plurality  of  shares, 
he  shall  not  thereby  be  entitled  to  more  than  one  vote  or  to 
any  other  extraordinary  privilege  whatever. 

Article  5th 

There  shall  be  a  stated  meeting  of  the  Company  on  the 
fourth  Monday  in  April  in  every  year:  At  which  time  the 
Members  present,  being  not  less  than  Twenty,  shall  proceed  to 
elect  from  among  the  Company,  Twelve  Directors.  The  Direc- 
tors shall  choose  out  of  their  own  body,  a  President  and  shall 
appoint  from  among  the  Com1,  any  a  Secretary  and  Treasurer ; 
and  the  President  and  Secrete  of  the  Directors  shall  be  Presi- 
dent &  Secretary  at  all  general  Meetings  of  the  Company. 
These  shall  continue  in  office,  ±  r  one  year  or  untill  the  next 
Election.  The  place  of  Election  shall  be  determined  by  the 
Directors,  for  the  Time  being,  Lxid  publickly  advertised  for 
twenty  days  at  least  before  the  Election,  which  shall  be  made 
by  ballot,  and  those  having  a  majority  of  Votes,  shall  be  deemed 
duly  Elected.  And  if  it  shall  be  found  expedient,  that  the  first 
Election  under  this  Constitution  should  be  held  before  the 
fourth  Monday  in  April  next,  the  persons  elected  shall  continue 
in  office  till  the  fourth  Monday  in  April  1797.  If  there  shall 
not  be  twenty  members  present  on  the  stated  day  of  election, 
then  the  same  may  be  held  on  any  other  Dav,  appointed  by  the 
directors,  of  which  at  least  five  days  notic       ±sl\1  be  given. 


Article  6th 

It  shall  be  the  duty  of  the  President,  at  all  general  Meetings, 
of  the  Company,  to  keep  order,  and  to  do  all  other  things  gen- 
erally appertaining  to  the  office  of  a  President.  The  Secretary 
shall  collect  the  ballots  at  elections,  shall  keep  in  a  Book  to  be 
provided  for  the  purpose,  a  fair  transcript  of  the  proceedings, 
of  the  company,  and  shall  from  time  to  time,  give  public  notice, 
of  all  stated  and  special  meetings  of  the  company;  which  spe- 
cial Meetings  shall  be  called  by  the  President  whenever  the 
board  of  Directors,  or  Twenty  Members  of  the  Company  shall 
signify  their  desire  to  this  effect.  The  Treasurer  shall  keep 
the  accounts  of  the  Company,  in  books  proper  for  the  purpose; 
he  shall  keep  their  monies,  subject  to  the  order  of  the  Direc- 
tors ;  and  shall  be  ready  whenever  called  upon,  with  a  warning 
of  Ten  days,  to  give  a  regular  statement  of  his  accounts  to  the 
Directors.  He  shall  be  removable  at  the  pleasure  of  the  Di- 
rectors; and  shall  on  entrance  upon  office,  and  as  often  as  the 
Directors  may  require,  give  such  security,  for  the  faithful  dis- 
charge of  his  duties,  as  they  may  deem  adequate.  The  Board 
of  directors  shall  meet  once  a  Month,  and  shall  have  the  choice 
and  direction  of  a  Librarian,  and  of  all  other  Officers,  not 
chosen  by  the  company,  who  may  be  necessary  to  the  ends  of 
this  Institution  whom  they  may  supersede,  as  often  as  they  shall 
think  proper.  They  shall  have  the  disposal  of  all  monies  be- 
longing to  the  Company,  shall  provide  a  proper  depository  for 
the  books,  and  shall  make  all  such  regulations  as  may  be  nec- 
essary to  the  useful  and  economical  circulation  of  the  books. 
They  shall  elect  new  members,  shall  settle  the  accounts  of  the 
company's  Treasurer,  shall  fix  all  saleries  and  compensations, 
which  may  be  created,  or  made,  and  order  the  payment  of  all 
incidental  expenses  of  the  Company.  They  shall  choose  the 
books,  to  be  bought  for  the  use  of  the  Library  (but  every  mem- 
ber shall  be  at  liberty  to  recommend  to  them  any  book,  by  put- 
ting into  a  box  to  be  kept,  for  the  purpose,  in  the  Library,  the 
title,  with  his  name  subscribed).  They  shall  at  every  stated 
meeting,  report  to  the  Company,  a  state  of  their  affairs;  and 


they  are  hereby  invested  with  the  power  of  doing  all  things 
(not  excepted  in  this  Constitution,  or  which  may  not  hereafter 
he  prohibited  by  the  Company)  which  may  be  conducive  to 
their  interest.  Whenever  they  have  to  dispose  of  any  of  the 
monies  of  the  Company,  or  to  admit  new  Members,  eight  at 
least  shall  be  present,  of  whom  three  fourths  shall  be  necessary 
to  constitute  a  Majority;  but  for  all  other  purposes,  five  shall 
be  a  sufficient  Quorum,  and  a  majority  of  their  voices  give 
validity  to  their  Acts. 

The  Members  of  the  Company,  may  have  recourse  to  their 
Journals,  as  also  to  the  Treasurer's  accounts,  and  all  other 
papers  and  books  belonging  to  the  Company;  of  which,  with 
the  consent  of  the  Directors,  they  may  take  copies. 

Article  7th 

In  case  of  a  Vacancy  in  the  Office  of  President,  Secretary  or 
Treasurer,  or  in  the  board  of  Directors,  the  same  shall  be  fill- 
ed by  the  board,  at  some  meeting  especially  held  for  the  pur- 
pose, of  which  public  Notice  shall  be  given.  And  vacancies  in 
these  Offices,  shall  be  deemed  to  be  created,  by  Death,  Resigna- 
tion, absence  from  the  United  States,  or  confirmed  inability  to 
attend  to  their  respective  duties. 

Article  8th 

All  Persons  hereafter  admitted  members  of  this  Company, 
whether  as  Transferees,  or  purchasers  of  new  Shares ;  shall  be 
nominated  to  the  board  of  Directors,  at  some  one  of  their 
Monthly  Meetings ;  and  if  they  shall  at  a  subsequent  Meeting, 
be  approved  of  by  the  board,  as  directed  in  the  Sixth  Article 
they  shall  then  be  deemed  duly  elected. 

No  person,  not  a  Transferee  shall  be  considered  a  member 
of  this  Company  untill  he  shall  have  paid  to  the  Treasurer  the 
price  of  his  share.  He  shall  then  receive  a  certificate  signed 
by  him,  containing  his  name,  the  sum  paid  by  him,  the  use, 
for  which  it  was  paid,  and  the  time  of  Payment;  all  which 


particulars,  shall  be  recorded  in  the  company's  Books:  And 
this  certificate  shall  entitle  the  possessor,  to  the  priviledges,  of 
a  Member  of  the  Company.  The  Price  of  a  Share  shall  be  en- 
creased,  at  such  times,  and  in  such  proportion,  as  to  the  com- 
pany may  seem  fit ;  but  this  augmentation,  shall  not  be  deemed 
to  affect  those  who  were  members  at  the  time  of  its  being  made. 

Article  9th 

The  Librarian  shall  give  security  for  the  faithful  discharge 
of  the  Duties  committed  to  him  in  such  sum  as  the  Directors 
may  determine. 

Article  10th 

The  Directors  shall  prevent  the  lending  out  of  the  Library, 
even  to  members,  of  particularly  scarce  Books,  or  other  effects 
of  great  Value,  the  loss  of  which  it  would  be  difficult  to  repair, 
but  every  reasonable  convenience,  and  facility,  shall  be  pro- 
vided, for  allowing  the  use  of,  or  transcripts  from  them  within 
the  Library. 

Article  11th 

A  member  may  be  expelled,  for  any  Misconduct,  disgraceful 
to  the  Institution,  and  likely  to  impair  its  utility,  but  the  Meet- 
ing for  this  purpose,  shall  consist  of  at  least  Three  fifths  of  the 
company,  a  Majority  of  whose  Votes  shall  be  conclusive.  In 
case  of  the  expulsion  of  a  member  he  shall  be  paid  the  price 
of  his  share,  or  shares  according  to  the  price  established  in 
this  Constitution. 

Article  12th 

Every  Person,  who  shall  neglect  to  make  the  Annual  pay- 
ment, which  shall  be  on  the  second  Monday  in  May,  in  every 
year,  or  within  Ten  days  thereafter,  shall  pay  for  the  use  of 
the  Library,  one  Cent,  for  every  Day  he  shall  neglect  said  pay- 
ment. And  whenever  his  Fines,  and  deficient  contributions, 
amount  to  the  Value  of  a  share,  such  share,  shall  be  forfeited. 
In  like  manner,  if  he  possesses  a  plurality  of  shares. 



Article  18th 

Whenever  an  alteration  of  this  Constitution,  shall  he  medi- 
tated, a  Meeting  of  the  Company  shall  he  called,  by  the  Direc- 
tors, who  shall  give  Ten  Days  public  notice  of  the  Time  and 
place  of  such  meeting:  And  the  members  attending  in  conse- 
quence of  such  notice  shall  proceed  to  act  upon  any  alterations 
which  may  be  proposed.  If  they  shall  be  assented  to,  by  a 
majority  of  those  attending  They  shall  be  published  for  con- 
sideration ;  and  another  meeting  of  the  company  shall  be  called, 
of  which  Ten  days  public  notice  shall  be  given,  and  if  a  ma- 
jority of  the  Members  attending  the  second  Meeting  confirm  the 
alterations  before  assented  to,  they  shall  then  be  deemed  a  part 
of  this  Constitution. 

Agreed  to  in  Baltimore  the  8th  day  of  January  ?  Anno 
Domini  1796. 

Members  names 

J.  Carroll 
Joseph  G.  J.  Bend 
George  Grundy 
David  Harris 
J.  Johnson 
James  Carroll 
Richd  Caton 
D.  Williamson 
Jn°  McKim  Jr 
Geo.  Presstman 
K  Brice 
Jas  McElhiney 
Henry  Browne 
Thos  Poultney 
Lawrence  Somers 
Geo.  W.  Field 
John  S.  Webster 
Peter  Prick 
Thomas  Pisher  Jr 

J.  E.  Howard 
James  Usher 
Wm  Goodwin 
Gerrard  Hopkins 
James  Steuart 
Thos  Donaldson 
Thos  Smith 
Geo.  Buchanan  Dr 
John  B.  Barnabew 
John  Hollins 
S.  Smith 
Archd  Campbell 
Nicholas  Slubey 
John  Purviance 
Nat1  Andrews 
Jas  Priestley 
Wm  Singleton 
C.  Davis 
George  Sears 



Fred.  Pratt 
Elias  Elliott 
James  Carey 
John  Brice  Jr 
James  Abernethy 
James  Barry 
HemT  Mcols 
Patrick  Allison 
Jas  Dall 
Wm  Lowry 
David  Stewart 
Kichd  Moncreiff 
Robert  Dorsey 
Wm  Patterson 
Robert  Oliver 
Hen.  Thompson 
Wm  liOrman 
J.  A.  Buchanan 
Jacob  P.  Levy 
Sam1  Butler 
George  Brown 
A.  Macdonald 
Thos.  Hollingsworth 
Sam1  Hollingsworth 
James  McElhiney 
John  Nicholson 
John  McFadon 
Wm  Ross 
Jonas  Clapham 
James  McCormick 
Rd  Moale 
Lloyd  Buchanan 
Alexr  Pur  nival 
Sam1  0  wings 
E.  Johnson 
Francis  Johonnet 

Robert  Wilson 
William  Cole 
Moor  Falls 
Thomas  Tenant 
Nat1  Morton 
Will.  Duman 
John  Hacket 
Jos.  Young 
Peter  Garts 
John  Garts 
R.  C.  Boulandry 
Hy  Messonnier 
William  Robb 
Ja9  H.  McCulloch 
Soln  Birckhead 
Tho.  Butter  Jr 
Andw  Wallace 
George  McCandless 
W.  Winchester 
James  Ogleby 
Jacob  Fite 
Abraham  Falconar 
Beal  Owings  of  Rd 
Archd  Stewart 
John  Gordon 
Jn°  Anderson 
Geo.  W.  Blackiston 
Govert  Haskins 
Wm  Grahame 
James  Nicols 
Ashbel  Welles 
Philip  Rogers 
Geo.  S.  Johonnet 
Wm  Taylor 
David  Plopkins 
H.  Wilkens 


Benjamin  Williams  Archld  Robinson 

John  Sherlock  Cha.  Carroll  of  Carrolltn 

Wm  MacCreery  pr.  Rich  Caton 

Josa  Seney  Nicholas  Rogers 

Phil.  Moore  Jas  Priestly 

Ebenr  Mackie  James  Law 

Jn°  Merryman 

These  signatures  were  affixed  to  the  Constitution  at  different 
periods  and  represent  but  a  small  percentage  of  the  membership 
of  the  institution. 

[To  be  continued] 


[The  following  advertisements  reproduced  from  The  Baltimore 
Daily  Repository  of  1792-93  give  interesting  side  lights  on  the 
social  life  of  the  period.  The  first  group  confirms  the  statement 
of  Dr.  Elisha  J.  Hall,  made  in  1788,  that  the  physicians  of  the 
period  were  "  surrounded  by  a  swarm  of  quacks/' 

The  educational  offerings  may  be  of  service  to  the  future  his- 
torian of  the  private  schools  of  the  city;  the  political  appeal  of  the 
colored  brother  desirous  of  legislative  honors  apparently  fell  upon 
deaf  ears,  as  his  name  does  not  appear  in  the  canvas  of  the  subse- 
quent election.] 

The  subscriber,  living  on  Howard's  Hill,,  next  door  to  Mr. 
George  Grub,  Joiner,  informs  the  Public,  that  he  practices 
Surgery,  performs  The  Botanical  {Herb)  Whey  Cures,  Pre- 
pared by  him,  and  ready  for  use  every  morning  during  the 
summer  season;  and  has  furnished  a  Room  conveniently,  for 
Cupping.  The  room  will  be  opened  the  first  of  May,  and  due 
attendance  given  every  Tuesday  and  Friday,  from  morning  till 

He  also  has  deviced,  an  approved  Plaster,  for  sale,  to  take 
away  Corns  and  Warts  quickly,  and  without  any  pains. — The 
Public  may  rest  assured  of  the  abilities  of  their  humble  servant, 

John  Philip  Swarzauer. 

312  maryland  historical  magazine. 

Henry  Seivert, 

Educated  at  Frankfort,  and  lately  arrived  from  Germany,  served 
as  a  Surgeon  in  the  Swedish  Army  and  in  the  Hospitals, 

Kespectfully  acquaints  his  friends  and  the  public  in  general, 
that  he  has  commenced  the  Practice  of  Physic  and  Chymistry, 
in  Gay-street,  between  Mr.  Delaport's  and  Griffith's  Bridge.  He 
will  undertake  all  disorders  incident  to  the  human  frame,  with 
the  greatest  tenderness,  propriety,  and,  if  required,  with  secrecy, 
and  has  been  peculiarly  fortunate  in  relieving  those  who  em- 
ployed him.  He  is  well  skilled  in  Surgery,  and  has  erected  a 
Chymical  Apparatus,  for  the  different  medicines  necessary  in 
that  line.  As  he  is  well  acquainted  with  the  French,  German 
and  English  languages,  he  is  the  more  capable  of  administering 
remedies  to  their  several  complaints,  and  is  furnished  with 
medicines  of  the  newest  and  best  sort. — He  earnestly  entreats 
the  patronage  of  the  Public,  engaging  that  his  attendance  shall 
be  as  constant  and  his  medicines  as  effectual  and  as  cheap  as 
possible.  He  will  always  employ  his  best  abilities  for  the  wel- 
fare of  his  patients,  and  shall  ever  entertain  a  grateful  sense  of 
the  candor  of  those  who  please  to  encourage  a  stranger. 

The  poor  shall  be  cured  gratis,  except  the  prime  cost  of  the 

Some  small  choice  packages  of  Family  Medicines  for  sale,  at 
the  most  reasonable  terms,  for  cash. 

He  has  resided  one  year  with  Doctor  Anthony  Mann. 

Baltimore,  October  24,  1792. 

Animal  Electricity  and  Magnetism, 

Taught  and  practised  in  its  Purity  by  Dr.  Kobinson,  from 

This  science,  which  has  long  excited  the  wonder  and  attention 
of  all  Europe,  on  account  of  the  many  remarkable  cures  it  has 
performed,  though  veiled  in  obscurity  by  the  ancients,  is  now 
stript  of  the  superstitious  clothes  with  which  it  was  covered,  and 


is  reduced  to  a  regular  system  agreeable  to  the  rules  of  modern 
philosophy,  as  practised  by  Mr.  Messmer  in  Germany,  Mr.  De 
Loutherberg  in  London,  and  Doctor  Bell  from  France. 

It  is  unnecessary  to  enumerate  the  many  diseases  and  afflicted 
persons  that  have  been  cured  by  this  truly  wonderful  and  sur- 
prising science,  where  the  efforts  of  the  ablest  Physicians,  in  the 
common  modes  of  practice  have  proved  abortive. 

The  Doctor  exhibits  no  medicine  whatever,  but  can  operate 
upon  a  subject  at  the  greatest  distance  from  him  as  well  as  those 
that  make  personal  application.  This  science  may  seem  wonder- 
ful to  many,  but  wonderful  as  it  may  seem,  its  operation  upon 
the  human  subject  is  so  powerful,  that  the  operator  can  raise 
the  leg  or  arm  of  any  person  from  off  a  table  without  touching, 
with  other  surprising  performances. 

The  Doctor  teaches  the  modes  of  communicating  the  magneti- 
cal  virtues  to  steel,  although  he  considers  the  use  of  them  in  this 
science  by  some  practitioners  as  an  imposition  upon  the  good 
sense  of  the  public,  as  instead  of  assisting  the  operation,  it  re- 
tards it :  the  Doctor  so  far  from  following  the  mode  of  some,  of 
only  teaching  the  illiterate  for  fear  of  exposure,  that  he  invites 
the  wise  and  scientific  of  all  descriptions.  To  the  curious,  a 
science  of  this  nature  must  be  the  most  pleasing  and  instructive, 
as  it  opens  the  door  to  a  fine  variegated  landscape,  where  the 
sons  of  wisdom  may  exercise  their  faculties. 

He  will  teach  the  whole  course  of  lectures  on  this  science  for 
no  less  than  fifty  guineas ;  yet  he  will  teach  the  modes  of  remov- 
ing diseases,  used  by  the  common  practitioners,  for  eight  dol- 
lars, and  will  communicate  more  knowledge  for  so  small  a  sum, 
than  any  other  practitioner  on  the  continent  of  America  can. 
One  guinea  will  be  required  of  those  of  the  first  rank,  for  the 
first  advice  and  first  treatment ;  half  a  guinea  from  those  of  less 
rank,  and  so  on  till  it  descends  so  low  as  one  dollar. 

The  Doctor  can  infallibly  cure  the  following  diseases,  viz. 
Apoplexy,  asthma,  cholera,  all  sorts  of  colds  and  coughs,  dropsy, 
dyspepsia,  epistaxis,  fevers  of  all  sorts,  kingsevil,  gangrenes, 
sphacelus  and  mortifications,  hypochondriasis,  hysteria,  hysteri- 



tis,  cramps,  inflammations  of  all  sorts,  dead,  contracted  and  cold 
limbs,  lock-jaw,  mersorrhea,  peripneumony,  pleurisy,  &c  in 
rheumatalgia,  rheumatism  and  hysterical  cases,  let  the  violence 
be  ever  so  great,  he  has  always  succeeded,  even  to  a  miracle ;  he 
also  cures  schirrous,  scrofulous  and  ulcerous  tumors,  consump- 
tions, spasmodic  affections  and  nervous  disorders,  strains, 
bruises,  burns,  scalds  and  sores  of  all  kinds,  &c.  &c. — The  poor, 
to  any  number,  he  will  treat  gratis ;  and  hopes  they  will  not,  by 
too  great  a  degree  of  modesty  on  their  part,  deprive  themselves 
of  the  benefit,  which  those  of  more  affluent  circumstances  are 
about  to  receive,  at  this  happy  season  of  the  year,  when  the  wind 
was  so  favorable  as  to  blow  so  many  Magnetists  to  Baltimore. 

As  to  preparing  bar  and  horse-shoe  magnets,  the  Doctor  can 
easily  do  it,  but  as  these  things  are  of  no  use  in  this  science,  he 
thinks  it  altogether  unnecessary. — Does  any  person  imagine  that 
the  gentlemen  and  ladies  of  Baltimore  wish  to  turn  black- 
smiths?— The  Doctor  would  not  recommend  the  aged  and  dis- 
eased to  learn  this  science,  as  nevertheless  they  may  for  the  pres- 
ent ease  pain,  yet  they  may  communicate  their  own  disorders  to 
their  patients — the  younger  and  healthier  the  practitioner  is, 
the  better. 

Terms  of  admission  may  be  known  by  applying  to  the  Doctor 
at  Mr.  Thomas  Stapleton's,  in  Frederick-street,  near  Messieurs 
Yates  and  Campbell's  Vendue-Store,  and  opposite  Mr.  David 
Shields'  Hat  manufactory. 

To  the  virtuous,  free,  and  independent  Electors  of  Baltimore 


As  the  illuminative  rays  of  Liberty  have  burst  with  such 
floods  of  glory  over  this  highly  favored  land,  whereby  all  unjust 
and  arbitrary  distinctions  are  laid  aside,  and  being  fully  con- 
vinced that  the  citizens  of  this  place  possess  catholic  spirits,  and 
liberal  sentiments  in  an  eminent  degree,  I  am  emboldened,  with 
an  humble  reliance  on  their  discernment  and  candor,  to  offer 


myself  a  candidate  for  your  suffrages  at  the  ensuing  election, 
for  a  Representative  for  the  Town  of  Baltimore. 

I  conceive  that  justice  and  equity  will  excite  you  to  choose 
one  Man  of  Color  to  represent  so  many  hundreds  of  poor  Blacks 
as  inhabit  this  Town,  as  well  as  several  thousands  in  the  differ- 
ent parts  of  this  state. 

I  have  never  deserted  my  country's  interest  in  the  time  of 
danger  and  distress ;  but  have  been  a  zealous  patriot  in  the  cause 
of  liberty  during  the  late  struggle  for  freedom  and  independ- 
ence, not  fearing  prison  or  death  for  my  country's  cause;  and 
thanks  to  the  Author  of  Life  and  Liberty,  it  is  now  established 
in  spite  of  all  internal  as  well  as  external  Foes. 

I  have  already  been  honored  with  public  offices  and  places  of 
trust,  which  I  have  faithfully  discharged  according  to  law  and 
the  directions  of  the  officers  who  appointed  me,  and  I  hope  to 
the  general  satisfaction  of  my  fellow  citizens. 

Should  I  be  so  happy  as  to  be  the  object  of  your  choice,  I 
promise  to  have  all  Tories  and  Antits  turned  out  of  office,  until 
they  shew  evident  signs  of  repentance,  and  attachment  to  the 
new  government ;  for  the  corpulency  of  my  body  shall  be  no  clog 
to  the  exercise  of  my  genius,  and  agility  of  my  limbs,  which 
shall  be  kept  in  perpetual  motion  for  the  good  of  the  state. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  Gentlemen, 

Your  devoted  humble  servant, 

Thomas  Brown. 
Baltimore,  September  24,  1792. 


The  subscriber  being  obliged  to  visit  New  England  shortly, 
and  remain  absent  a  few  weeks,  is  under  the  necessity  of  dis- 
continuing his  Schools  for  Sacred  Vocal  Music,  in  town  and  on 
the  point ;  which,  however,  he  intends  to  open  again  soon  after 
his  return.  Truly  grateful  for  the  countenance  that  has  been 
shewn  him  heretofore,  he  hopes  to  receive,  as  it  will  be  his  un- 


wearied  endeavors  to  deserve  the  same  kind  patronage,  upon  his 
resuming  the  same  employment. 

Thomas  H.  Attwill. 
Baltimore,  Sept.  25,  1792. 

1ST.  B.  The  Scholars  belonging  to  his  Schools  will  perform 
publicly,  next  Wednesday  Evening  in  the  Presbyterian  Church, 
when  the  company  of  all  persons  will  be  acceptable,  who  may 
chuse  to  attend. 

Musical  Entertainment. 

Bayner  Taylor. 

Music  Professor, 

Begs  leave  to  inform  the  Ladies  and  Gentlemen  of  Baltimore, 
that  he  means  to  perform  a  second  Musical  Entertainment,  To- 
Morrow  Evening,  at  Mr.  Starck's  Tavern,  the  Sign  of  the  In- 
dian Queen ;  the  Music  of  which  will  be  original,  his  own  Com- 
position, entirely  different  from  the  former  Performance,  and 
in  which  Miss  Huntley  will  sing  many  favorite  Songs,  in  the 
serious,  comic,  and  pastoral  Style. — To  begin  at  7  o'clock. 

Ladies  and  Gentlemen  desirous  of  Beceiving  Instructions  for 
the  Piano  Forte,  Harpsichord,  &c  are  requested  to  send  their 
Commands  addressed  to  B.  Taylor,  at  Miss  Young's,  Calvert  St. 

Baltimore,  October  18,  1792. 

Portrait  Painting. 

The  Subscriber  has  collected  most  of  the  Pictures  he  painted 
last  year,  and  with  them  formed  an  Exhibition  Boom,  for  the 
Amusement  of  Ladies  and  Gentlemen,  at  the  Corner  of  Fred- 
erick and  Water-streets,  which  will  be  kept  open  every  Day, 
Sundays  excepted. — With  the  utmost  Gratitude,  he  acknowl- 
edges the  Encouragement  given  him,  since  his  Besidence  in  this 
Town ;  and  respectfully  solicits  the  further  Patronage  of  a  gen- 
erous Public. 

Charles  Peale  Polk. 


"N,  B.     Portraits  of  the  President  of  the  United  States,  and 
the  late  Doctor  Benjamin  Franklin,  may  be  had  of  C.  P.  P. 

Baltimore,  April  15,  1793. 

The  subscriber,  wishing  to  assist  poor,  but  honest  persons, 
who  are  afflicted  with  large  families  of  children,  offers  himself 
to  take  3  or  4  White  Boys,  from  8  to  10  years  of  age,  to  be  bound 
to  him  for  the  Chimney  Siveeping  Business,  until  they  come  to 
the  age  of  fifteen  years;  after  that  period  he  will  put  them  to 
any  trade,  for  which  they  should  incline,  in  order  that  they  may 
be  able  to  obtain  a  further  livelihood,  and  be  useful  to  the  com- 
munity at  large.  He  requests  that  none  but  good-natured  and 
honest  boys  may  apply. 

John  Conrad  Zollikoffer. 

Baltimore,  December  22,  1792. 

The  English  Academy. 

By  Mr.  Workman,  late  Professor  of  Mathematics  in  the  Uni- 
versity of  Pennsylvania. 

Is  now  opened  in  that  elegant  and  spacious  room  in  Bank- 
street,  lately  occupied  as  a  Ball-room  by  Mr.  Curley ;  Where  are 
taught,  the  English  language  grammatically,  Writing,  Arithe- 
metic,  Book-keeping,  Geography,  and  the  use  of  the  Globes,  Sur- 
veying, Gauging,  Navigation,  including  the  Lunar  Observa- 
tions, and  the  other  practical  branches ;  also  Euclid's  Elements, 
Astronomy,  Algebra,  Fluxions,  &e. 

A  Portion  of  Time  will  be  set  apart  each  Week,  for  Rhetoric 
and  Oratory,  and  occasional  Exhibitions  of  public  Speaking  will 
be  observed. 

All  the  Pupils  of  this  Academy  will  have  the  Advantage  of 
hearing  Mr.  Workman's  lectures  on  Natural  Philosophy,  with 
out  any  additional  Charge. 

~N.  B.    Mr.  Sweeny  will  continue  to  teach  writing  in  the  Sem- 


inary. — The  Terms  and  Plan  may  be  known  by  applying  to  Mr. 
Workman,  any  time  during  the  hours  of  Tuition. 

The  American  Accountant,  being  a  new  System  of  Arith- 
metic, and  the  Elements  of  Geography,  both  written  by  Mr. 
Workman,  and  lately  published  in  Philadelphia,  may  be  had  by 
Application  to  the  Author. 

Baltimore,  April  20,  1792. 

French  School. 

Peter  Leflet  returns  his  most  grateful  thanks  to  those  who 
have  favored  him  with  their  patronage,  and  informs  the  Public 
it  is  his  intention  to  open  School  next  Monday,  at  Mrs.  Phillip's, 
Bank-street ;  and  in  order  to  suit  himself  to  his  scholar's  leisure, 
he  proposes  to  divide  them  in  three  different  classes;  the  first 
from  3  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  till  5 ;  the  second  from  5  to  7; 
and  7  to  9. 

Baltimore,  May  3,  1792. 

The  subscriber  respectfully  informs  the  public,  that  he  has 
begun  Morning  School  at  his  house  on  Howard's  Hill,  where  he 
will  teach  young  Ladies  and  Gentlemen  the  French  Language 
grammatically,  Writing  and  Arithmetic,  &c.  on  very  easy  Terms. 
The  most  regular  Attendance  will  be  given  from  6  to  8  o'clock 
by  their  most  obedient  Servant, 

William  Graham. 

Baltimore,  May  11,  1792. 

Mr.  Dick's  Public  School, 

Is  removed  five  doors  below  Luther  Martin's  Esquire,  on 
Charles-street,  which  is  clean  and  paved  to  the  door;  where  he 
humbly  solicits  the  patronage  and  encouragement  of  the  respect- 
able public,  to  whom  he  returns  his  most  grateful  thanks. 

Baltimore,  May  12,  1792. 

N.  B.    It  is  the  same  place  where  Mr.  Hogan  taught. 

professional  publicity.  319 

Me.  Black 

Respectfully  informs  the  Public,  that  he  has  opened  his  Acad- 
emy in  Gay-street,  in  the  House  where  Mr.  Sweeny  lately 
taught.  He  has  two  spacious  Blooms,  entirely  adapted  to  the 
Reception  of  Children,  and  attended  with  every  necessary  Con- 

Youth,  &c  will  he  taught  English,  French,  Spanish,  Low- 
Dutch,  and  Italian  grammatically,  Writing,  Arithmetic,  Book- 
keeping, Mensuration,  Surveying,  Navigation,  Euclid's  Ele- 
ments, Algebra,  &c,  &c. 

JN\  B.  Mr.  Black  returns  his  most  grateful  Thanks  to  the 
Public,  for  the  Encouragement  he  has  already  met  with — begs 
Leave  to  acquaint  them,  that  he  will  have  a  Sufficiency  of  Teach- 
ers, and  they  may  rely  upon  his  most  assiduous  Attention,  both 
to  the  Morals  and  the  Improvement  of  their  Children. 

A  Lecture  upon  English  Grammar  every  Saturday. 

Baltimore,  May  15,  1792. 

To  the  Inhabitants  of  Baltimore-Town,  &c. 

The  subscriber,  for  some  time  past,  having  had  to  reflect  on  the 
advantage  which  might  arise  from  a  well  regulated  School  being 
established  in  this  Town,  for  the  instruction  of  Black  Children 
and  Children  of  Color,  in  the  several  branches  of  useful  learn- 
ing— and  having  met  with  considerable  encouragement  from, 
several  respectable  gentlemen,  who,  from  motives  of  humanity 
and  philanthropy,  manifest  a  desire  for  the  improvement  of  the 
morals  of  the  African  race,  and  to  give  learning  to  some  who  are 
in  their  families  (though  at  present  in  a  state  of  slavery) — he 
has  concluded  to  open  a  School  for  the  purpose,  on  the  23rd. 
instant,  in  a  commodious  room  in  the  west  end  of  James  Jaf- 
f ray's  brick  warehouse,  near  the  Centre-Market,  for  the  recep- 
tion of  such  children  as  he  may  be  entrusted  with. 

He  therefore  flatters  himself,  from  a  consideration  of  the  in- 
stitution, and  the  strict  attention  which  will  be  paid  to  the 
morals  and  school-learning  of  such  youth  as  may  be  placed 


under  his  care,  to  merit  the  countenance  and  patronage  of  an 
enlightened  Public. 

Jonathan  Coates.1 

JN".  B.  The  aforesaid  School  will  be  under  the  care  and  direc- 
tion of  a  Committee  appointed  for  the  purpose,  and  the  terms 
of  schooling  will  be  made  known  on  application  to  the  sub- 
scriber. J.  C. 

Baltimore,  7th  Mo.  (July)  18,  1792. 

Mrs.  Simson. 
Late  of  Philadelphia, 

Takes  this  public  method,  to  inform  the  Ladies  and  Gentle- 
men of  Baltimore,  that  she  has  opened  a  school  for  the  reception 
of  young  ladies,  at  the  house  of  Mr.  Brown,  opposite  Messrs. 
Goddard  and  Angell's  printing  office,  Market-street,  where  she 
intends  teaching  all  kinds  of  NeedleJwork  in  silk  and  worsted, 
Crownmg,  Drawing,  and  plain  Work,  in  the  neatest  manner — 
She  also  teaches  Tambouring,  with  the  art  and  elegance  of  shad- 
ing, and  taste  in  the  arrangement  of  patterns.  She  designs  the 
work  and  executes  the  drawing  herself,  without  any  additional 
expense  to  the  ladies.  Those  ladies  who  may  choose  to  favor  her 
with  the  tuition  of  their  children,  may  rely  on  the  strictest  atten- 
tion being  paid  to  their  conduct  by  her  who  wishes  to  cultivate 
their  young  minds,  as  well  as  form  their  manners.  She  natters 
herself  that  she  has  given  satisfaction  to  the  parents  of  those 
whom  she  has  already  had  the  honor  to  instruct,  and  gained  the 
love  of  her  pupils. 

Mrs.  Simson  esteems  herself  happy  in  giving  this  public  tes- 
timony of  her  unfeigned  acknowledgments  and  gratitude  to  the 
ladies  of  Philadelphia  and  South  Carolina,  who,  when  she  was  a 

1The  name  of  Jonathan  Coates  appears  in  the  Directory  for  1796,  as 
"  Schoolmaster,  dwelling  60  N.  Frederick  St.,  schoolroom  Triplet's  Alley  " ; 
in  1799  (Coats),  "schoolmaster,  31  N.  Gay  St.";  in  1804,  "gentleman, 
31  N.  Gay  St.,"  and  1807   (Coats),  "Gentleman,  23  Fayette  St." 


stranger,  regarded  her  with  an  eye  of  complaisance,  and  encour- 
aged and  assisted  her  in  her  arduous  undertaking.  She  makes 
no  doubt,  by  steady  perseverance  in  her  duty,  to  acquire  the 
friendship  of  the  ladies  of  this  state,  and  that  of  a  generous 

She  teaches  Beading  and  Spelling  with  propriety. 
1ST.  B.    Ladies'  Gowns,  Scarfs,  Shawls,  Muffs,  and  Fancy  Trim- 
mings, done  in  Gold,  Silver  and  Silk:  Also  Gentlemen  s  Vest- 
Patterns,  equal  to  any  imported. 

Her  terms  of  tuition — Four  Dollars  per  quarter,  and  Ten 
Shillings  entrance. 

Baltimore,  Oct.  5,  1792. 

Branches  of  Literature. 

Taught  by  the  Subscriber,  at  a  convenient  School-House,  paved 
to  the  Door,  on  Charles-street,  five  doors  belovJ  Luther  Martin 
Esqr's,  viz. 

Reading  with  proper  Punctuation,  Accent  and  Cadence,  with 
English  Grammar ;  Writing,  Round  Text,  Engrossing  and  Ital- 
ian Hands ;  Arithmetic,  Vulgar  and  Decimal  Fractions ;  Book- 
keeping ;  the  Latin  and  Greek  Languages,  the  former  of  which 
he  speaks  fluently ;  Surveying  by  the  common  Way,  and  Calcu- 
lation of  Latitude  and  Departure,  according  to  Mr.  Norwood's 
excellent  and  accurate  Plan ;  Navigation  by  Theory,  Logarithms 
and  Lunar  Observations ;  Mensuration  of  Solids,  Superfices  and 
Guaging  with  the  Rod. 

A  Conveyancing  and  Scrivener's  Office  is  kept  at  the  same 
Place,  and  all  Kinds  of  Writings  performed,  with  Accuracy  and 
Despatch,  at  the  most  reasonable  Prices,  accompanied  with  the 
sincerest  and  most  respectful  Acknowledgments  of  their  humble 

William  Dick. 

He  would  gladly  undertake  to  teach  any  Gentleman's  Family 
any  of  the  above  Branches,  in  the  evenings,  and  attend  at  their 


Houses,  if  in  the  vicinity  of  Tripolet's-alley,  where  the  Teacher 

Baltimore,  Nov.  10,  1792. 

Night  School. 

The  Subscriber  very  respectfully  informs  the  Public,  that  he 
will  immediately  commence  an  Evening  School,  for  teaching 
Beading,  Writing,  Arithmetic,  Short-Hand  Writing,  &c. 

Scholars  may  depend  upon  the  strictest  attention  being  paid 
to  their  improvement,  particularly  in.  the  English  Grammar, 
and  Beading,  which  shall  be  taught  them  grammatically,  grace- 
fully and  properly. 

Application  made  to  the  Subscriber,  at  Mr.  William  Miller's, 
next  door  to  this  Printing  Office,  shall  be  duly  attended  to,  and 
Terms  made  known. 

George  Holland. 
Tuesday,  October  2, 1792. 

Mr.  O'Shea 
Has  opened  School,  in  a  very  commodious  room,  in  Rogers' 
Alley,  a  few  doors  from  Mr.  Graham's  printing  office,  where 
youth  may  be  taught  English  Grammar,  Reading,  Writing, 
Arithmetic  in  all  its  parts,  Bookkeeping  after  the  true  Italian 
form,  and  Greek  and  Latin,  if  required. 

Mr.  O'Shea  can  produce  attestations  both  of  his  moral  and 
literary  abilities  from  Gentlemen  of  Eminence  and  Character 
in  the  United  States.     Baltimore,  Nov.  30th,  1792. 

1ST.  B. — He  will  also  teach  a  Night-School,  Terms  told  at 

Mrs.  Williams 
(From  London) 

Presents  herself  respectfully  to  the  Families  of  Baltimore,  and 
solicits  permission  to  inform  them,  that  she  proposes,  as  early 


as  she  can  obtain  a  convenient  Situation,  to  open  a  School  for 
the  Instruction  of  young  Ladies.  The  French  and  English 
Languages  will  be  taught  grammatically — The  Rudiments  of 
Geography — Also,  useful  and  variegated  Needle  Work;  Speci- 
mens of  which,  by  the  late  Pupils,  may  be  viewed  at  Mrs. 
Mickles.  The  Patronage  of  a  generous  and  enlightened  Peo- 
ple cannot  be  doubted,  so  long  as  her  Conduct  may  continue  to 
deserve  it. 

Baltimore,  Dec.  22,  1792. 

Me.  Freeman 

Respectfully  acquaints  the  Public,  that  he  has  opened  an  Eng- 
lish and  Mathematical  School,  in  a  convenient  Room,  opposite 
the  Presbyterian  Church;  where  he  proposes  to  receive  under 
his  Care,  30  Pupils,  and  instruct  them  in  Reading,  Writing, 
Accounts,  and  Mathematics.  All  the  Mathematical  Pupils 
(and  such  of  the  Others  whose  Parents  may  think  proper)  shall 
be  taught  the  Principles  of  Astronomy,  Geography,  and  the  Use 
of  the  Globes. 

Young  Gentlemen  may  be  taught  privately  between  School 
Hours;  or,  a  Private  Class  can  be  attended  at  any  convenient 
Time  and  Place,  which  they  may  think  proper  to  appoint. 

Mr.  Freeman  is  furnished  with  Globes,  Charts,  Maps,  and 
Nautical  Instruments,  and  may  be  seen  at  Mr.  Philbin's,  in 
Gay-street,  opposite  the  Bank. 

Baltimore,  March  26,  1793. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Ralph  presents  his  compliments  to  the  parents 
of  those  children  who  are  and  have  been  under  his  care,  and 
respectfully  informs  them,  that  (having  been  inducted  into  St. 
Stephen's  and  Shrewsbury  parishes)  he,  with  much  gratitude 
for  past  favors,  declines  the  further  superintendence  of  a  school 
in  Baltimore. 

Gay-street,  April  8,  1793. 



(Continued  from  Vol.  XII,  p.  275.) 

Tuesday,  June  28,  1776. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment.  Members 

Coln  Sam1  Beall  Junr  in  the  Chair 
Captn  Mich1  Fackler  Mr  John  Rentch 

Majr  Charles  Swearingen  Coln  Andw  Rentch 

Coln  Jos.  Smith  Captn  Wm  Hejser 

Majr  Christ11  Orindorff  Captn  Jos.  Chapline 

Captn  Conrad  Hogmire  Captn  Sam1  Hughes 

Majr  Henry  Shryock 

The  Gentlemen  appointed  by  the  last  Committee  to  draw  up 
a  set  of  Resolutions,  to  be  offered  to  the  good  People  of  this 
District  brought  in  the  same,  which  (with  some  Alterations)  is 
ordered  to  be  offered  to  the  People. 

Leonard  Belmire  &  Martin  Belmire  were  accused  before  this 
Committee  of  expressing  Sentiments  inimical  to  the  Liberties 
of  America  and  Advising  Captn  Keller's  Company  to  lay  down 
their  Arms. 

Upon  hearing  the  Evidence  the  Committee  were  of  the 
Opinion  they  ought  to  be  discharged,  on  promising  good  Be- 
haviour for  the  future. 

Peter  Tressler  was  also  accused  to  the  same  Purpose  and 
Captn  Keller  enter' d  Security  for  his  good  Behaviour  for  the 

Ordered  that  the  Resolutions  entered  into  this  Day  by  Coln 
Smith's  Battalion  be  immediately  published. 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  Tuesday  next. 


Tuesday,  July  2d  1776. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  adjournment.  Members 

Captn  Sam1  Hughes  in  the  Chair 
Coln  Jos.  Smith  Mr  John  Rentch 

Coln  Andw  Rentch  Mr  Geo.  Swingley 

Captn  John  Cellar  Majr  Christ11  Orindorff 

Captn  Wm  Heyser  Coln  Sam1  Beall  Junr 

Captn  Conrad  Hogmire  Captn  Jam8  Smith 

Majr  Henry  Shryock  Captn  Joseph  Chapline 

Majr  Charles  Swearingen  Jam8  Clark  Clk 

Captn  Mich1  Tackier 

A  List  of  non-enrollers  and  non-Associators  were  return' d  by 
Captn  John  Reynolds,  and  are  as  f  olloweth,  Yiz. 

Matthias    Shangler,    invalid   non   effective,    has   sign'd   the 

Michael  Thomas     fined  £4.  0.  0     a  Gun  to  be  deld. 
John  Middlecoff,  non  effective,  has  Sign'd  the  Association. 

Likewise  a  List  of  non  enrollers  &  non  Associators  residing  in 
Captn  Kellers  District  were  by  him  returned  and  are  as  fol- 

iz.  George  Trice  not  fin'd 

£     S 

Abraham  Houser  fin'd 

5..  00 

Mich1  Garber          D° 

2..  00 

Matthias  Staufler  D° 

2..  00 

Jacob  Lein             D° 

5..  00       paid  to  Captn  Lynch 

Jacob  Thomas  fined 

£  4..    0.  0  paid 

Christ11  Hess  fin'd 

4..    0.0 

Jacob  Hess       D° 

7.     0.0 

Sam1  Baker      D° 

4.     0.0 

Henry  Geedy  D° 

3.     0.0 

Jn°  Baumberger,  fined 

£  5.     0.  0 

Jn°  Geo.  Kneble     I> 

2.     0.0 

Peter  Barkman      IP 




Matthias  Grove  fined 

Sam1  Rhorer 
Fredk  Rhorer 
Jacob  Rhorer 
Jacob  Lentz 
Peter  Thomas 


4.  0.0 

7.  0. 0 

3.  0.  0  pd  to  Doctr  Shnebly 

3.  0.  0  pd  to  Doctr  Shnebly 

3.  0.  0  pdtoDoetrSchnebley 

4.  0.  0  paid  to  Captn  Linck 

Geo.  Adam  Geedy  Clergyman 

Jacob  Klamm  fin'd  2.  0.  0 

Martin  Rhorer  7.  0.  0 

Benjamin  Bowman  fin'd        3.  0.  0 

The  Committee  adjourns  for  an  hour. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 

On  application  being  made  by  the  Sundry  persons  hereafter 
mentioned  that  they  are  distressed  and  unable  to  pay  the  several 
Fines  assess' d  against  them  as  non  enr oilers  by  this  Committee 
on  the  8th  day  of  May  last,  and  after  considering  the  Reasons 
offered  by  them  in  Support  thereof,  this  Committee  have 
thought  fit  to  remit  viz. 

To  John  Washabaugh 
To  Jacob  Coughinour 
To  David  Miller 
To  Benjamin  Noll 
Henry  Funk  Junr 
Abraham  Gansinger 

Captn  Peter  Reed  returned  his  Warrant  issued  to  him  to  col- 
lect the  fine  assess'd  on  non-enrollers  and  non  associators  resid- 
ing in  his  District,  and  said  Warrant  is  directed  to  Lieu* 
Ezekiel  Spires  to  execute  the  same,  Captn  Reed  having  agreed 
to  be  his  Security  for  the  faithful  Execution  thereof. 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  to  Morrow  at  5  O'Clock  ante 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment  all  Members 
present  as  yesterday  except  Mr  Swingley. 





To  Jacob  Thomas  Senr 

£  5 



To  Christ11  Thomas  Junr 

£  2 



To  Christ11  Thomas 

£  2 



To  Philip  Oster 

£  3 



To  Geo.  Whitmyer 

£  2 

£  2., 



Ordered,  that  the  following  form  of  a  Warrant  be  used,  for 
collecting  fines  assess'd  on  persons  in  Militia  Companies  for  non 
Attendance  at  Muster. 

Whereas  Complaint  is  made  by  Captn  that  a 

certain refused  to  obey  orders,  or  do  duty  as  a 

Militia  Man  several  Times,  who  was  regularly  heard,  tried  and 
fined  the  sum  of by  his  officers,  this  is  therefore  to  em- 
power you  on  Receipt  hereof  to  levy  the  said  Sum  of by 

distress  on  the  Goods  and  Effects  of  the  said and 

sell  and  dispose  thereof  agreeable  to  the  order  of  Convention  in 
last,  to  the  value  of  for  the  use  of  the  Com- 
pany commanded  by  the  said  Captn  and  this  shall  be  your 

Authority  given  under  my  hand  the day  of by 

order  of  the  Committee. 

The  Committee  adjourns  for  an  Hour. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 

A  Warrant  was  granted  against  John  Bond  of  Captn  Wal- 
len's  Company,  for  refusing  to  pay  the  fines  assess'd  on  him  by 
his  officers,  for  not  attending  Muster. 

A  List  of  non-enrollers  and  non  Associators  residing  in 
Captn  Baker's  District  were  by  him  returned  and  are  as  fol- 
ioweth  viz. 

Jacob  Teeter  fin'd  £  2..  0..  0 

Isaac  Teeter     D°  £  2..  0..  0 

Stephen  Ottlery  Junr  D°  3..  0..  0 

Jacob  Shively  D°  3..  0..  0 

George  Butterbaugh  5..  0.,  0  paid  to  Doctr  Schnably 

a  Gun  to  be  delivered 
Stephen  Ottlery  Sen1"  above  50  yrs  a  Gun  to  be  delivered 

Peter  Wyland      D°  3..  0..  0 

Geo.  Helser,  remitted  a  Gun  to  be  delivered 

Henry  Angle  5..  0..  0  a  Gun     D° 

Jacob  Butterbaugh  2..  0..  0  paid  to  Doctr  Schnebley 

Jacob  Myers  above  50  yrs 


David  Stutzman  £  4..  0..  0 

Philip  Heldebrand  2..  0..  0 

Jacob  Leare  Junr  2..  0..  0 
Mr  Kowland  at  Jn°  Gripes 

old  Place  3..  0..  0 

John  Koons  fin'd  £3.  0.  0  for  not  enrolling  &  associating  re- 
turned by  Captn  Cellar. 

A  Petition  from  the  Menonists  &  German  Baptists  was  laid 
before  the  Committee  praying  their  Interposition  with  the  Con- 
vention that  they  may  be  indulged  with  giving  Produce  instead 
of  Cash  for  their  fines. 

Ordered  that  Coln  Beall  &  Captn  Chapline  form  a  Letter  to 
that  Purpose.  Coln  Beall  &  Captn  Chapline  brought  in  the  fol- 
lowing Letter 

Upper  District  of  Fredk  County  3d  July  1776. 
HonWe  Sir 

Whereas  the  inclosed  petition  was  laid  before  the  Committee 
of  this  District  praying  their  Confirmation  of  the  facts  therein 
recited,  &  their  interposition  with  your  Honble  house,  the  Com- 
mittee has  therefore  taken  the  Liberty  (being  truly  sensible  of 
the  Justness  thereof)  to  recommend  the  Prayer  to  your  Consid- 
eration &  that  you  will  take  order  therein,  and  grant  such  relief 
as  your  Honble  house  may  think  proper  I  am  with  due  Bespect 

Your  most  obed*  Servant 
Signed  by  order  of  the  Comittee 
Sam1  Hughes  Chairman 
which  is  accordingly  to  be  sent  to  the  Convention. 

Captn  Jam8  Wallen,  John  Miller  &  Matthias  Hickman  have 
returned  their  Warrants  for  collecting  the  several  fines  assessed 
on  non-enrollers  &  non-associators  residing  in  their  seperate 

Majr  Shryock,  this  day,  furnish'd  the  Committee  with  one 
Quire  of  Paper  22d  Decern1"  furnish'd  another  Quire  furnish'd 


The  Resolutions  entered  into  the  28th  &  29th  of  June  last  by 
the  two  Battalions  of  this  District  were  this  day  sent  to  the 
press,  and  are  as  followeth  Viz. 

Upper  District  of  Fredk  County  29th  June  1776. 

Whereas  legislative,  Executive  &  Judicial  powers  in  this  pro- 
vince are  at  present  exercised  by  the  same  body  of  Men,  the 
Administration  of  Justice  confused  and  unfixed,  places  of  the 
most  important  trust  held  by  persons  disaffected  to  the  common 
cause  of  America,  the  Transactions  of  the  Convention  carried 
on  in  a  secret  manner  and  such  parts  only  published  as  they 
may  think  proper,  the  Recommendations  of  the  Honble  Con- 
tinental Congress  unregarded  &  Propositions  of  the  utmost  im- 
portance determined  without  consulting  the  People,  an  adula- 
tory address  presented  to  Governor  Eden  supplicating  his  inter- 
position with  a  people  that  has  hitherto  treated  our  Just  Peti- 
tions with  the  greatest  Contempt,  all  which  matters  has  very 
much  alarm'd  the  good  people  of  this  District  and  filled  their 
minds  with  deep  Concern  for  the  Honour  and  Welfare  of  this 
Province  in  particular  and  the  united  Colonies  in  general,  and 
induced  them  to  publish  the  following  Resolutions  entered  into 
by  the  two  Battalions  of  this  District  &  many  other  respectable 
Inhabitants  thereof  on  the  28th  &  29th  of  June  1776  &  which 
are  as  follows 

Resolved  unanimously,  that  the  present  mode  of  Government 
in  this  Province  is  incompetent  to  the  Exigencies  thereof  & 
dangerous  to  our  Liberties. 

Resolved  unanimously,  that  we  are  of  opinion  that  the  pres- 
ent Convention  ought  to  be  immediately  dissolved  &  a  new  one 
elected  for  the  express  purpose  of  carrying  the  Resolves  of  the 
Continental  Congress  of  the  15th  May  into  Execution. 

Resolved  unanimously  that  we  will  support  the  union  of  the 
Colonies  with  our  Lives  and  fortunes. 

The  Comittee  adjourns  to  the  first  Tuesday  in  August  next, 
at  Sharpsburgh. 


By  Special  order,  the  Committee  met  at  Elisabeth  Town 
July  7th  1776.    Members  present 

Captn  Sam1  Hughes  in  the  Chair 
Coln  John  Stull  Captn  Mich1  Tackier 

Coln  Andrew  Eentch  Mr  John  Rentch 

Majr  Henry  Shryock  Mr  Geo.  Swingley 

Captn  Wm  Keyser  James  Clark  Clk 

Captn  Conrad  Hogmire 

Joshua  Testill  of  the  middle  District  was  brought  before  this 
Committee  as  an  Enemy  to  the  Liberty  of  America,  upon  hear- 
ing the  matter  order' d  that  the  said  Testill  be  sent  under  Guard 
to  the  Committee  of  the  middle  District  with  the  Letter  fol- 

Hager's  Town  7th  July  1776. 

The  Committee  of  this  District  have  thought  proper  to  appre- 
hend Joshua  Testill,  as  a  person  unfriendly  to  America,  he 
came  here  for  Tho8  French's  papers;  as  your  Committee  can 
be  better  informed  in  this  Matter,  the  Committee  of  this  Dis- 
trict thinks  it  best  to  send  him  with  the  Papers  under  Guard 
for  your  Examination  and  expect  you  take  such  order  therein, 
as  will  be  for  the  publick  good. 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  Saturday  next  at  Hager's  Town. 

By  special  order  the  Committee  met  at  Elisabeth  Town  July 
11th  1776    Members  present 

Sam1  Beall  Jun  in  the  Chair 
Col.  John  Stull  Captn  William  Hyser       ■ 

Maj.  Charles  Swerringen  Captn  John  Cellar 

Maj.  Henry  Shriock  Captn  Christian  Lentz 

Mr  Wm  Beard  Mr  John  Eench 

Captn  Mich1  Felkler  Jam8  Clark  Clk 

The  chairman  laid  before  the  committee  a  letter  July  8th 
1776  from  John  Hanson  Junr  Esqr  Chairmen  of  the  middle 
district  of  Fred^  County  directed  to  Sam1  Hughes  Esqr  Chair- 


man  requiring  that  two  members  of  this  committee  attend  at 
Fred1*  Town  on  Fryday  the  12th  Instant,  to  assist  in  recom- 
mending Officers  to  take  the  command  of  two  Companys  of 
Germans,  and  one  company  of  Eyflemen  to  be  raised  for  the 
continental  Service  by  order  of  the  convention. 

Ordered  that  Coln  Sam1  Beall  Jnnr  and  Captn  Mich1  Fackler 
attend  accordingly. 

A  Letter  from  Charles  Carrol  V.  P.  laid  before  the  Com- 
mittee directing  that  they  appoint  persons  to  take  the  number 
of  Inhabitants  within  the  upper  district  of  Fredk  County,  both 
whites  and  Blacks  distinguishing  respectively  the  Age  and  Sex 
of  each,  to  be  transmitted  to  the  Council  of  Safety  immediately 
on  Oath,  who  will  pay  the  Expence  thereof. 

Ordered,  that  the  following  Persons  are  empowered  accord- 

John  Miller  for  Elisabeth  Hundred,  Delashmut  Wallen  for 

Sam1  Swearingen  for  Marsh  Hundred,  Upper  Anteitem 

Peter  Shalley  for  lower  Anteitem  D°  Jacob  Mills  Constable 

Jams  McLaughlin  for  Canecocheague  D°  for  fort  Frederick  D° 
David  Wolgamet  for  Salisbury 
Wm  Bradford  for  Sharpsburgh 

Ordered,  that  if  any  of  the  Gentlemen  appointed  to  execute 
the  following  Orders  shall  refuse  to  do  the  same,  any  Member 
or  Members  of  this  Committee  may  appoint  another  in  his  or 
their  Boom. 


Whereas,  we  are  required  by  the  Council  of  Safety  to  have  a 
compleat  List  of  the  number  of  Inhabitants  of  this  District 
taken,  both  whites  and  Blacks,  and  sent  to  them  without  loss  of 
time,  distinguishing  therein  respectively  the  Age  and  Sex  of 
each,  and  that  they  will  pay  the  expence  thereof,  the  Committee 
therefore  direct  and  empower  you  to  perform  this  Duty  on 
Oath,  which  they  expect  may  be  convenient  for  you  to  do  im- 
mediately, not  doubting  but  every  Master  or  Mistress  of  Family 


will  assist  in  a  Matter  so  strenuously  requested  by  the  Congress. 

Yr  Humble  Serv* 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  first  Tuesday  in  August  next. 

By  special  order  the  Committee  met  at  Elisabeth  Town  on 
Thursday  the  25th  July  1776    Members  present 

Coln  John  Stull  in  the  Chair 
Col.  Andw  Eentch  Mr  John  Kentch 

Captn  Conrad  Hogmire  Mr  George  Swingley 

Captn  Mich1  Fackler  James  Clark  Clk 

Mr  Wm  Baird  Captn  John  Cellar 

Whereas  Majr  George  Woltz  made  Application  to  the  Com- 
mittee for  their  Recommendation  to  the  Hble  the  Council  of 
Safety,  to  be  appointed  Majr  of  a  Battalion  in  the  flying  Camp 
in  the  Room  of  Majr  HenF  Shryock. 

Ordered,  that  he  be  recommended  Accordingly,  and  that  the 
Council  of  Safety  be  requested  to  send  by  him  Cash  to  purchase 
Firelocks,  Blankets  &c  &c  for  the  use  of  the  Flying  Camp. 

The  Committee  adjourns  for  an  Hour. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment. 

Receiv'd  of  Rudolph  Roof  a  Gun,  Price  £1..  10  for  the  use 
of  the  flying  Camp. 

Recd  of  John  Rape  a  Gun,  Price  £2  for  D°. 

Recd  of  Matthias  Need  a  musket  Price  £2..  10. 

Ordered  that  Majr  Henry  Shryock  be  empowered  to  agree 
for  what  number  of  Guns  he  possibly  can  procure  for  the  use 
of  the  flying  Camp,  and  pass  Receipts  for  the  same. 

Recd  of  Jacob  Shryock  a  Rifle  Gun,  Price  £5  for  the  flying 

Recd  of  John  Bilmore  a  Gun,  Price  £2..  5. 
Receiv'd  of  Coln  John  Stull  a  Rifle  Gun,  Price  £4..  10. 
Receiv'd  of  Frances  Waggoner  2  Rifles  &  a  Gun,  Price  £13. 
Receiv'd  of  Majr  Henry  Shryock  a  Gun,  Price  £1..  15. 


On  Motion  resolved,  that  all  Apprentices  enlisted  under 
Captn  Wm  Heyser  shall  not  be  continued  in  the  Service  without 
the  Consent  of  their  Masters,  agreeable  to  the  Eesolves  of  Con- 

The  Committee  adjourn  to  the  day  in  Course  being  the  first 
Tuesday  in  August. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment,  at  Sharps- 
burgh.    Members  present 

Coln  Joseph  Smith  in  the  Chair 

Coln  Samuel  Beall  Junr 

Coln  Andrew  Rentch 

Majr  Charles  Swearingen 

Captn  John  Cellars 

Mr  John  Eentch 

Captn  Joseph  Chapline 

Samuel  Rohrer  complained  to  the  Committee  that  he  is  an 
Invalid,  on  which  Complaint  his  fine  is  therefore  remitted. 

A  List  of  Accounts  belonging  to  sundry  Persons  for  neces- 
saries furnished  Captn  John  Reynolds  Company  in  the  fiying 
Camp,  belonging  to  the  Maryland  Service  Viz. 

£      S.      D. 
John Kersley &c     FT  16..  16..    0 

Walter  Wilson        N°  2  64..  10..    0 

Frederick  Hyskill  ]ST°  3  13..    1..    0 

James  McCormick  E"0  4  1..  11..    6 

JohnRagan  E"°  5  33..  17..    0 

William  Bradford  N°  6  3..    1..  10% 

Christian  Eversole  E"°  7  18..  19..    4% 

Ignatius  Simms      N°  8  3..    6..    4 

George  Kiffer  E"°  9  8..    1,.    6 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  first  Tuesday  in  September. 

By  Special  Order  the  Committee  met  at  Elisabeth  Town  on 
Saturday  the  17th  August  1776    Members  present 


William  Baird  Esqr  in  the  Chair 
Majr  Charles  Swearingen 
Coln  Andrew  Renteh 
Captn  Michael  Facklor 
Captn  John  Cellar 
Mr  George  Swingley 
Mr  Christian  Lentz 
Mr  John  Renteh 
James  Clark  Clk 

Captn  Jacob  Kern  and  Henry  Warrel  being  accused  before 
this  Committee  of  expressing  Sentiments  inimical  to  the  Liber- 
ties of  America,  upon  examining  the  evidences  relative  thereto, 
and  having  maturely  considered  the  whole  Matter,  do  Judge, 
determine  and  order  that  the  said  Kern  and  Warrel  be  severely 
reprimanded  by  the  Chairman,  that  they  publickly  acknowledge 
their  faults,  sign  a  Recantation  thereof,  and  pay  all  expences 
accruing  on  their  Apprehensions,  and  Guard  during  the  Time 
of  their  Confinement,  and  thereupon  be  discharged. 

Said  Kern  and  Warrel  being  calPd,  and  on  hearing  the  pro- 
ceeding Judgment  read,  fully  complyed  therewith  and  signed 
the  following  Recantation. 

We  Jacob  Kern  and  Henry  Warrel,  do  hereby  acknowledge 
to  all  friends  of  American  Liberty,  that  we  have  used  Express- 
ions inimical  to  the  Liberties  of  America,  that  we  do  hereby 
publickly  acknowledge  our  Faults,  expressing  our  sincere  Sorrow 
for  our  evil  and  malicious  Conduct,  and  do  promise,  engage  and 
pledge  our  Honours,  to  conduct  ourselves  in  a  regular  Manner 
for  the  future,  never  acting  saying  or  doing,  or  to  our  knowledge 
suffering  or  permitting  anything  to  be  said  or  done  prejudicial 
or  inimical  to  American  Liberty,  but  will  forthwith,  with  the 
utmost  of  our  Power  oppose  every  enemy  thereof. 

Given  under  our  hands  this  17th  day  of  August  1776. 

Upon  the  Society  of  Menonists  and  German  Baptists  pre- 
fering  their  Petition  of  the  3d  of  July  last  to  the  Hble  the  Con- 
vention of  Maryland  the  Hble  Convention  entered  into  the  fol- 
lowing Resolve. 


In  Convention  Annapolis  6  th  July  1776. 
On  reading  a  Petition  of  the  Society  of  Menonists  and  Ger- 
man Baptists 

Resolved,  that  the  several  Committees  of  Observation  may  in 
their  Discretion  prolong  the  Time,  or  take  security  for  the  pay- 
ment of  any  Fine,  by  them  imposed,  for  not  enrolling  in  the 
Militia,  and  may  remit  the  whole,  or  any  part  of  the  fines  by 
them  assessed ;  and  it  is  recommended  to  the  Committee  to  pay 
particular  attention  and  to  make  a  Difference,  between  such 
Persons  as  may  refuse  from  religious  Principles  or  other 

Extract  from  the  Minutes 
G.  Duvall  Clk 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  first  Tuesday  in  September 

Tuesday  the  3d  of  September  Members  not  meeting  according 
to  adjournment  the  Committee  adjourns  till  Tuesday  17th  Day 
of  this  instant. 

Tuesday  17th  Septmr  the  Committee  met  according  to  ad- 

Washington  County  Sep1"  17th  1776. 

Came  Henry  Yare  before  me  one  of  the  Proprietary  Justices 
of  the  Peace  for  said  County  and  made  Oath  on  the  Holy  Evan- 
gelist of  Almighty  God  that  he  Delivered  unto  Coll  Henry 
Shriock  fifty  nine  Musketts  with  Iron  ramrods  and  Wipers  and 
thirteen  boyenetts  for  the  use  of  the  flying  Camp. 

Sworn  before         John  Stull 

Washington  County  Sep1'  17th  1776. 
Came  Frances  Wagoner  and  Euness  Deets  before  me  one  of 
the  Proprietarys  Justices  of  the  Peace  for  said  County  and 
made  Oath  on  the  Holy  Evangelist  of  Almighty  God  that  they 
Delivered  unto  Coll  Henry  Shriock  thirty  one  Musketts  and 


thirty  Bonyenetts  all  with  Iron  ramrods  for  the  use  of  the  Fly- 
ing Camp  and  made  for  John  Uncel 

Sworn  before         John  Stull 

At  the  same  time  came  Nicholas  Hockey  and  made  Oath  that  he 
Delivered  unto  Coll  Henry  Shriock  seven  Musketts  with  Iron 
ramrods  for  the  use  of  the  flying  camp  made  and  Delivered  for 
John  Uncel 

Sworn  before         John  Stull 

Received  Sepr  the  6th  1776  of  John  Uncel  the  Quantity  of 
Sixteen  Musketts  and  Bonyonetts  with  Wipers  for  the  German 
Batalion  I  say  received  by  me. 

$  William  Hyser 
Septr  17th  1776. 

Present  the  above  day 
Mr  Wm  Baird  in  the  Chair 
Cap*  Fackler 
Mr  Jn°  Bench 

Mr  G.  Swingler  Aded  to  the  Committee 

Major  C.  Swearingin  for  Licence  of  Suits 

Coll  J.  Stull  in  Lew  of  Coll  Henry 

Capt.  T.  Sellers  Shryock  and  Capt 

Coll  Andrew  Bench  Wm  Hyser 

Mr  Lodowick  Young 
Mr  John  Shryock 

The  Committee  Adjorns  to  the  27th  of  this  Instant  being  on 

the  Committee  Did  not  appeir  according  to  adjornment  But 
met  on  Monday  the  30  Day  following  Present  William  Baird 
in  the  Chair  Coll  John  Stull  Conrad  Hogmire  Cap*  John  Celler 
Capt:  Michael  Fockler  John  Rentch  Coll:  Andrew  Bentch. 
the  Committee  Did  Purches  arms  and  Blankets  for  Captain 
Clapsadles  Company  for  the  flying  Camp  to  the  first  of  Decem- 
ber to  the  vallue  of  Seven  Hundred  and  one  pounds  fourteen 
shillings  and  three  pence  which  account  was  Send  to  the  Con- 
vention by  Coll  John  Stull. 


Michael  ott  Delivered  to  Capt  Clapsadles  Company  Eighteen 
Tomyhocks  at  2  2/6  each. 

Frederick  Heisnil  Delivered  to  Cap*  Clapsadles  Company 
thirty  two  Tomyhocks  with  handles  at  3  shilling  each. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  Last  Saturday  in  November 

The  Committee  Called  on  the  10  of  October  1776 

Present  Charles  Sweringen  in  the  Cheair 

Conrad  Hogmire  John  Schryock 

Cap*  M1  Fockler  Co11  Andrew  Eentch 

George  Swengle 

The  account  from  George  Styer  aginst  Capt.  John  Nelson 
for  £9:0:0  was  approved  and  Delivered  to  him.  The  Com- 
mittee met  Saterday  the  ninth  day  of  Novr 

present  Wm  Baird  in  the  Chair — 
Cap*  Fakler  George  Swingler 

Jn°  Bench  Lodwick  Young 

Jn°  Cellar 

Jacob  Hurler  Complained  his  fine  was  too  high  the  Committee 
took  the  same  into  consideration  &  made  abatement  of  2..10..0 

Cap*  Cellar8  Fakler  T  Lersner  and  Clapsadles  Lievtenant 

Apply  to  Committee  for  authority  to  Enable  them  to  Collect 
the  fines  of  such  in  their  Respective  Companies  as  have  Neglect- 
ed to  attend  musters  on  which  the  Committee  allows  such  fines 
to  be  Collected  according  to  Resolve  of  Convention  the  Com- 
mittee adjourns  till  the  thursday  the  28th  D  of  this  instant. 

the  Committee  being  Called  on  the  16  Day  of  November 
1776  CoU:  John  Stull  in  the  Chaire  Coll:  Joseph  Smith  Coll: 
Andrew  Rentch  John  Rentch  John  Celler  Ludwick  Young 
John  Schryock  Conrad  Hogmire  George  Swengle  an  order  was 
Given  to  Sundry  persons  to  the  Honerable  Congress  to  get  three 


The  Committee  was  calld  on  the  24  day  of  Novr  1776 — 

Sam1  Hughes  in  the  Chair 

Col1  Stull  John  Shriock 

Wm  Baird  Ludwick  Young 

Christian  Lance  John  Cellars 

Col1  Eench  Joseph  Smith 

John  Eench  Jams  Clark  Clk 

Sam1  Finley  was  fined  £10  for  his  non  enrolling  &  for  ne- 
glecting &  refusing  to  sign  the  Association,  &  order' d  to  deliver 
up  his  fire  arms  agreeable  to  the  resolves  of  the  Convention. 
The  said  Finley  was  also  charged  of  altering  the  Public  news 
paper  by  mak&  the  number  of  the  American  army  in  an  attack 
upon  their  right  wing  appear  to  loose  5000  men  instead  of  500. 

Ordered  that  the  said  Samuel  Finley  do  give  Bond  with 
good  Security  in  the  Penalty  of  one  thousand  pounds  payable 
to  the  Honble  Matthew  Tilghman  Esqr  president  of  the  Con- 
vention, that  he  shall  well  and  truly  appear  before  the  next  gen- 
eral Committee,  held  for  Washington  County,  to  answer  the 
aforesaid  Charge,  otherwise  he  shall  be  sent  under  safe  Guard 
to  the  Log  Goal  in  Frederick,  to  continue  untill  the  meeting 
of  the  general  Assembly,  also  that  he  pay  the  officer  of  the 
Guard  5/  and  each  private  3/9  per  day,  during  his  being  kept 
under  Guard. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  the  18th  day  of  December  next 
at  Elizabeth  Town. 

Agreeable  to  an  Election  held  on  the  25  of  Eovr  1776  for 
a  Committee  of  Observation  the  following  Gentlemen  were 
chosen  viz — ■ 

Col1  Beall  Christian  Lantz 

Col1  Stull  Joseph  Sprigg 

Col1  Smith  Sam1  Hughes 

Christian  Orendorff  Dan1  Hughes 

Wm  Baird  Doctr  Hart 

John  Cellar  Mich1  Fackler 


Peter  Beall  John  Kershner 

Ludwick  Young  Andrew  Bench 

Docr  Shnebly  Nich1  Smith 

&  on  the  18  December  1776  The  Committee  met,  present 

Col1  Beall  Doctr  Hart 

Doctr  Shnebly  Nich1  Smith 

Dan1  Hughes  Peter  Beall 

Sam1  Hughes  Lud:  Young 

Joseph  Sprigg  Jams  Clark  Clk. 

Christ.  Lantz 

Col1  Beall  was  Elected  Chairman 

A  letter  was  recd  from  Gen1  Jonston  desiring  this  Committee 
wod  give  notice  to  such  Captains  of  the  Militia  in  this  County 
as  are  not  joind  in  Battalion  to  hold  themselves  in  readiness 
to  March  to  Philada  Ordered  that  a  Copy  of  the  same  be  sent 
to  Cap*  Joseph  Chaplain. 

Cap*  Sam1  Finley  was  bro*  before  this  Com*  by  his  Bail 
agreeable  to  the  orders  of  the  last  Committee.  Order'd  that  the 
said  Sam1  Finley  be  committed  to  the  Tory  Goal  in  Frederick 
Town  until  he  give  Bond  in  the  Penalty  of  One  Thousand 
Pounds  Current  money  payable  to  the  Honb1  Mathew  Tilgh- 
man  Esqr  Conditiond  that  he  shall  behave  himself  peaceably 
&  quietly  durS  the  present  Contest  with  Great  Britain  &  that 
he  will  not  say  nor  do  any  thing  that  may  operate  against  the 
welfare  of  the  United  States  of  America — 

On  Complaint  being  made  by  Col1  Davis  against  Christian 
Eversole  for  express^  sentiments  inimical  to  the  Safety  of  the 
United  States — 

Order'd  that  a  Warrant  issue  Directed  to  Cap*  Spires  to 
have  the  said  Eversole  before  the  Committee  at  their  next  meets 
to  answer  to  the  said  Complaint. 

On  receiving  a  Letter  from  General  Johnston,  this  Committee 
do  unanimously  resolve  that  they  will  exert  their  utmost  in- 
fluence in  preparing  the  Militia  of  this  County,  to  march  on 
the  earliest  notice  to  Join  General  Washington,  in  his  opposing 
the  British  Army  under  Lord  Howe — 


The  Committee  adjourns  to  friday  next  at  9  o'clock  Ante 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment.  Members 

Co11  Sam1  Beall  Chairman  Mr  Christ11  Lentz 

Captn  Sam1  Hughes  Captn  Mich1  Eackler 

Doctr  Noah  Hart  Col.  John  Stnll 

Doctr  Hen7  Schnebley  Captn  Peter  Beall 

Mr  Dan1  Hughes  Coln  Andw  Bentch 

Mr  Joseph  Sprigg  Captn  John  Cellar 

Majr  Christ11  Orindorf  William  Beard  Esq1" 

Mr  Ludwick  Young  James  Clark  Clk. 
Mr  John  Kershner 

The  Committee  proceeded  to  nominate  seven  Gentlemen  out 
of  their  Body,  as  a  Committee  for  Licening  Suits,  who  were 
appointed  Accordingly — viz. 

Coln  Samuel  Beall  Captn  Michael  Fackler 

Coln  John  Stull  Coln  Andrew  Eentch 

Doctr  Noah  Hart  Mr  Ludowick  Young 

Captn  Peter  Beall 

The  Committee  adjourns  for  half  an  hour.  The  Committee 
met  according  to  Adjournment.  Mr  Joseph  Sprigg  was  elected 
Chairman.  On  an  Information  being  made  to  the  Committee 
on  Oath  by  Frances  Blackwell  that  David  Meek  on  the  10th  day 
of  December  1776  expressed  Sentiments  in  his  Presence,  and 
in  the  Presence  of  Walter  Wilson,  inimical  to  the  United  States 
of  America — 

Thereupon  it  is  ordered  that  a  Power  be  sent  to  Coln  Joseph 
Smith  to  apprehend  the  said  David  Meek,  and  to  summons 
Walter  Wilson,  and  bring  them  before  the  Committee  at  Hagers 
Town,  on  Tuesday  the  24th  Instant,  to  answer  and  support  the 
said  Charge. 

On  Motion  of  Daniel  Hughes,  that  a  Petition  be  preferred  to 
the  Council  of  Safety,  by  this  Committee,  to  call  together  im- 
mediately, the  General  Assembly  in  order  that  a  speedy  Estab- 


lishment  of  the  new  Government  may  take  place,  for  the  sup- 
port and  Maintenance  of  Peace,  and  Good  order  in  this  State, 
in  which  the  Committee  Accurred,  and  Mr  Jos.  Sprigg  Cap* 
Sam1  Hughes  and  Doctr  Noah  Hart  were  appointed  to  draw  up 
the  same,  Who  bring  it  in,  and  deivered  the  same  to  the  Chair- 
man, when  the  Clerk  was  ordered  to  read  it — was  approved  of, 
and  Signed  by  the  Committee  unanimously. 

On  Motion  resolved,  that  the  Dunkards  and  Menonists  be 
advertised,  to  pay  their  respective  fines,  to  the  Committee,  on 
Tuesday  next,  otherwise,  they  may  depend,  that  rigorous  Meas- 
ures will  be  immediately  taken  to  Compel  Payment. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  Tuesday  next  at  nine  o'Clock 
A.  M. 

The  Committee  being  calld  on  extraordinary  business  met  on 
Saturday  22d  December  1776.     Present 

Joseph  Sprigg  in  the  Chair 
William  Baird  Doctr  Hart 

Dav.  Hughes  Sam1  Hughes 

Col1  Kench  Nicholas  Smith 

Cap*  Sellars  Cap*  Foglar 

A  letter  from  the  Committee  of  Frederick  County  inclosing 
a  Resolve  of  Congress  requesting  the  assistance  of  the  Militia, 
was  read  &  it  was  thereupon  order' d  That  a  Copy  of  the  same 
be  sent  to  Col1  Smith  requesting  his  most  earnest  Attention 
thereto,  &  that  he  will  send  the  same  to  Cap*  Joseph  Chaplain 
&  Cap*  Butler— 

On  motion  of  Col1  Rench  &  seconded  by  J  Hughes  Resolved 
Unanimously  that  such  of  the  young  Dunkards  and  Menonists 
as  have  not  enroll'd  nor  associated,  shall  immediately  be  re- 
quested to  march  with  the  Militia,  in  order  to  give  their  As- 
sistance in  intrenching  and  helping  the  sick  and  all  such  as 
will  turn  out  voluntarily  agreeably  to  the  above  Request,  shall 
have  their  fines  remitted. 

It  is  further  unanimously  resolved,  that  on  the  marching  of 
the  Militia  from  this  County,  that  all  they  that  are  well  affected 


to  this  State  and  not  capable  of  marching  with  the  Militia,  shall 
be  formed  into  Companies,  with  proper  Officers  for  the  Pro- 
tection and  relief  of  such  families,  as  shall  be  left  without  As- 
sistance and  that  the  officers  of  the  Companies  so  formed  shall 
divide  the  Settlement  into  certain  Circuits  and  ride  round  such 
Circuits  as  shall  be  assigned  them  once  a  fortnight,  and  make 
particular  enquiry  into  the  Distresses  of  the  Inhabitants,  and 
order  them  such  relief,  as  thej  shall  think  necessary,  and 
should  their  Companies  not  be  sufficient  for  giving  such  Re- 
lief ;  in  that  Case,  they  are  required  to  apply  to  the  Dunkards 
and  Menonists  residing  nearest  to  give  their  Assistance,  and 
in  Case  of  Refusal  or  neglect  they  shall  take  down  their  names, 
and  return  them  to  the  Committee,  on  the  Return  of  the  Militia, 
that  proper  notice  be  taken  thereof. 

Whereas,  there  is  no  place  of  Security  in  this  County,  for 
confining  persons  disaffected  to  this  State,  and  the  Tory  Goal 
Frederick  Town  at  present  much  crowded,  it  is  therefore  Re- 
solved That  the  Stone  Stable  on  Oaptn  Hager's  Lot,  by  permis- 
sion of  Mr  Heester,  shall  be  immediately  fitted  up  in  a  good 
&  substantial  Manner,  for  the  Reception  of  Tories,  and  that 
Tho8  Simms  Esqr  shall  take  Charge  thereof,  as  being  elected 
Sheriff  of  this  County,  altho  not  yet  commissioned,  and  that 
he  shall  be  allowed  such  reasonable  Fees  for  his  Trouble  as 
this  Committee  shall  hereafter  direct — 

The  Committee  adjourns  till  Tuesday  next.  Tuesday  De- 
cember 24th  1776. 

The  Committee  met  according  to  Adjournment.  Members 

Mr  Joseph  Sprigg  in  the  Chair 
Coln  Sam1  Beall  Mr  John  Kershner 

Coln  John  Stull  Mr  Nichs  Smith 

Coln  Andw  Rentch  Mr  Wm  Baird 

Captn  Sam1  Hughes  Mr  Ludwick  Young 

Majr  Christ11  Orindorf  Mr  Dan1  Hughes 

Mr  Christ11  Lentz  Captn  Mich1  Fackler 


Doctr  K  Hart  Jam8  Clark  Clk. 

Doctr  HenJ  Schnebley 

On  Motion  resolved  that  Coln  Stull  and  Coln  Kentch  Mr 
Baird  and  Mr  Lentz  be  a  Committee  to  receive  the  several 
Fines  from  the  Dunkards  and  Menonists,  and  any  one  of  said 
Members  are  empowered  to  pass  Receipts  for  the  same — 

David  Meek  was  brought  before  the  Committee  agreeable  to 
their  order,  and  upon  his  voluntarily  taking  the  Oath  of  Fideli- 
ty to  this  State,  was  discharged  upon  paying  Cost. 

On  motion  resolved,  that  Coln  John  Stull  be  appointed  pub- 
lick  Treasurer  in  the  Room  of  Coln  Samuel  Beall. 

Whereas  the  Congress  have  required  the  Militia  of  this 
County  to  march  to  Camp  immediately,  and  as  there  is  no 
Provision  therefor — Resolved  that  the  Money  in  the  hands 
of  the  Treasurer  for  this  County  be  apply' d  to  the  above  Pur- 
pose, and  also  to  defray  the  Expenses  arising  for  apprehending 
Tories,  and  repairing  a  house  for  a  Tory  Goal — 

The  Committee  for  receiving  Fines  from  the  Dunkards  and 
Menonists,  report  that  they  have  received  the  sum  of  Two  hun- 
dred and  six  pounds  ten  Shillings  which  is  paid  into  the  hands 
of  Coln  Stull  who  has  been  appaointed  Treasurer  in  the  Room 
of  Coln  Beall. 

Ordered  that  Coln  Stull  pay  Michael  Divelbiss  the  Sum  of 
two  pounds  sixteen  Shillings  and  Eight  Pence  as  a  Compen- 
sation for  the  Delivery  of  Samuel  Finley,  to  the  Keeper  of  the 
Tory  Goal  in  Fred1*  Town. 

Ordered,  that  Coll.  Shryock  have  Thomas  Fowler  (a  poor 
Soldier)  interred,  in  a  decent  Manner,  and  bring  his  Account 
into  this  Committee,  at  the  next  Meeting. 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  Friday  next  at  9  o'clock  A.  M. 

Friday  the  27th  December  1776.     The  Committee  met  ac- 
cording to  Adjournment.     Members  present 
Joseph  Sprigg  in  the  Chair 
Coll.  Stull  Doctr  Schnebley 

Coll.  Rentch  Mr  Dan1  Hughes 


Wm  Baird  Esqr  John  Kershner 

Mr  Young  Captn  Cellar 

Mr  Smith  Doctr  Hart 

Captn  Hughes  James  Clark  Clk. 

On  Motion  Resolved,  that  the  five  thousand  Dollars  sent  to 
the  Committee  of  this  County,  be  put  into  the  Hands  of  Col1 
Stull  Treasurer,  and  to  he  apply'd  as  the  said  Committee  shall 

27th  December  1776  Reseived  of  the  Committee  of  Washing- 
ton County,  five  thousand  Dollars,  to  be  apply'd  as  the  said 
Committee  shall  direct. 

John  Stull 

Richard  Denison  being  brought  before  this  Committee  and 
charged  with  Drinking  the  Kings  health,  and  expressing  Senti- 
ments against  the  Good  of  this  States — Ordered  that  the  said 
Denison  remain  under  Guard  untill  the  next  meeting  of  this 
Committee — Ordered  that  Coll.  Stull  appropriate  two  thousand 
Dollars,  to  the  use  of  the  Battalion  under  his  command.  Order- 
ed that  Coll.  Stull  pay  Nicholas  Hackey  fifteen  pounds  Cur- 
rency, in  part,  for  seven  Muskets  received  by  Coll.  Henry 
Shryock,  by  order  of  Committee,  for  the  use  of  this  State,  as 
appears  by  a  Receipt  from  under  Coll.  Shryocks  hand,  which 
sum  shall  be  refunded  to  this  Committee,  when  received  from 
the  Council  of  Safety. 

On  Motion  ordered,  that  Mr  George  Cellar,  Doctr  Schnebley 
Mr  Conrad  Hogmire,  George  Shaver,  Charles  Swearingen, 
Captn  James  Wallen,  Delashmet  Wallem  Stophel  Burket,  Chris- 
tian Lentz,  Majr  Christ11  Orindorf  be  impowered  to  collect  from 
the  Dunkards  and  Menonists,  or  from  any  other  Person,  all 
the  Waggon  Cloaths,  that  can  be  got,  and  make  Return  thereof 
to  this  Committee,  who  will  appraise  them  and  pay  for  the 
same — ■ 

Ordered  that  Coll.  Stull  pay  John  Miller  one  Dollar  for  his 
Service  in  riding  Express  to  Coll.  Jos.  Smith — 

The  Committee  adjourns  to  Monday  next  at  9  o' Clock. 


Monday  30th  December  1776.  The  Committee  met  Accord- 
ing to  Adjournment.     Members  present 

Mr  Joseph  Sprigg  in  the  Chair 

Coll.  John  Stull  Captn  Fackler 

Coll.  Andw  Kentch  Mr  Young 

Doctr  Noah  Hart  Mr  MT.  Smith 

Mr  Wm  Baird  Mr  Christ11  Lentz 

Captn  John  Cellar  Doctr  Hen?  Schnebley 

Captn  Peter  Bell  John  Kershner 

Captn  Hughes  James  Clark  Clk. 

Ordered  that  Mr  Wm  Baird  and  Captn  Mich1  Tackier  ap- 
praise the  several  Waggon  Cloths  and  Blankets,  that  may  be 
brought  to  Town  this  day,  for  the  use  of  Coll.  Stulls  Battalion, 
and  give  orders  upon  Coll.  Stull  for  the  Payment,  who  is  hereby 
directed  to  pay  for  the  same. 

Ordered  that  the  following  Persons  immediately  collect  all 
the  People  who  may  be  left  (after  the  Militia  have  marched) 
and  form  themselves  into  Companies,  and  choose  their  own  Of- 
ficers, for  purpose  of  relieving  the  Distress  of  the  Inhabitants, 
and  also  to  compel  the  Dunkards  and  Menonists  to  give  their 
Assistance,  if  they  should  refuse  upon  Application. 

Andw  Lynch  Wm  Baker 

John  Kentch  Devalt  Anchony 

Fredk  Stydinger  Jacob  Ritter 

Jacob  Graves  Peter  Shees 

Hen?  Ridenour  -  Wm  Downy 

Matthias  Neid  Wm  Douglas 

Simon  Bowman  Christ11  Shank 

Matthias  Ridenour  Jacob  Cellar 

Solomon  Miller  Thos  Swearengen 

John  Bilmore  John  Swisher 

Christ11  Duss  Peter  Leisher 

Hen^  Stertzman  Ludwick  Cammerer 

Peter  Ridenour  John  Adam 

Mchs  Ridenour  *  -  Peter  White 


John  Adair  Wendal  Sites 

Thos  Long  Geo.  Coaler 

Jacob  Miller  Fredk  Gyzer 

Pat12  McCardal  Geo.  Lambert 

Abm  Knave  Peter  Frigate 

Christ11  Kore  John  Webb 

Godfreit  Stemple  Mchs  Mong 

Stophel  Burket  Joseph  Perry 

Martin  Hany  Stephen  MeCloskey 

Matthias  Sailer  Mich1  Roof 

Geo.  Kershner  -  John  Gabby 

Geo.  Swingley  George  Galaspy 

Geo.  Shaver  Cap*  Isaac  Baker 

Ordered  that  all  persons  belonging  to  Coll.  Stull's  Battalion 
who  complain  that  they  are  invalids  apply  to  Doctr  Hart  for 
Certificates  representing  the  same — 

Resolved  that  the  Militia  of  Washington  Connty  be  requested 
to  march  to  the  Assistance  of  General  Washington  to  continue 
'till  the  15th  day  of  March  next,  unless  sooner  discharged. 

Richard  Denison  being  brought  before  the  Committee  agree- 
able to  Order,  acknowledged  the  Charge  against  him  therefore 
ordered  that  the  said  Denison  be  confined  under  Guard,  untill 
he  shall  give  Bond  with  Security  in  the  Penalty  of  one  thous- 
and pound  payable  to  the  Honble.  Matthew  Tilghman  and 
conditioned  that  he  shall  not  say  nor  do  any  thing  to  the  Preju- 
dice of  the  Independent  States  of  America,  or  untill  he  shall 
tak  the  oath  of  Allegiance  to  this  State,  as  prescribed  by  the 
last  Convention  and  pay  the  expence  of  the  Guard. 

Information  being  lodged  against  Peter  Gensberger  and 
Angel  Gensberger  for  speaking  words  against  the  common 
Cause,  it  is  ordered  that  Captn  John  Cellar  send  a  strong  Guard 
for  the  said  Gensbergers  and  have  them  before  this  Committee 
on  thursday  next,  to  answer  said  Complaint. 

Ordered  that  Captn  Fackler  receive  the  Lead  from  Doctr 
Schnebley  and  render  an  Account  thereof  to  this  Committee. 

Ordered  that  Coll.  Smith  and  Majr  Orindorf  appraise  the 


Waggon  Cloths  that  may  be  collected  for  the  use  of  Coll.  Smith's 
Battalion,  and  make  Return  thereof  to  this  Committee. 

Ordered  that  the  Guard  take  Richard  Denison  to  the  House 
of  Mr  John  Parks,  and  him  there  in  safety  keep  untill  the 
meeting  of  the  next  Committee. 

Also  ordered  that  the  said  Guard  apprehend  John  Parks  and 
him  safe  keep,  so  that  they  have  him  before  the  Committee  at 
their  next  meeting. 

The  Committee  adjourns  'till  Wednesday  next  at  9  o' Clock 
A.  M. 


(Continued  from  Vol.  XII,  p.  296.) 

Aprill  13th  1770  [126] 

Dr  Charley 

I  have  yrs  wherein  you  tell  me  that  Csn  Dan1  Carroll  told  you 
th*  He  had  good  Reason  to  Believe  Mr  Digges  would  be  glad  to 
settle  His  Claim  ag*  me,  upon  Condition  I  would  Pay  Cliftons 
Bond  &  the  In*  thereon.  If  the  Reason  of  His  Belief  be  good, 
I  cannot  see  why  the  Proposal  should  not  be  Directly  from  Mr 
Digges  If  He  thinks  it  a  Condescension  unbecoming  him  we 
differ  widely  in  opinion;  indeed  it  might  be  an  avowall  of  His 
precipate  &  Preposterous  Behaviour ;  But  I  will  not  Enlarge  on 
this  head,  His  is  an  ill  state  of  Health  wh  I  Commiserate  &  am 
sorry  for  &  which  prevents  my  Repeating  what  I  have  often  told 
you  relating  to  it:  Beside  giving  it  for  granted  th*  He  is  en- 
titled to  the  Principall  &  Int*  due  on  th*  Bond  (which  he  is 
not,  as  I  Can  shew  it  was  my  nephew  &  nieces  money  w11  I  lent 
to  Clifton)  is  there  not  a  deduction  to  be  made  for  the  In* 
due  on  my  disbursements  for  my  nephew  and  nieces,  are  there 
not  Commissions  due  to  me.  In  strictness  ought  not  the  loss 
to  fall  on  my  nephew  &  nieces  jointly.  But  I  wave  these 
things,  I  Cannot  Resent  my  poor  unhappy  nephews  Behaviour 


as  it  was  directed  by  the  advice  of  others:  My  niece  Elns  Be- 
haviour was  always  dutifull  &  Affectionate,  if  Molly  has  Be- 
haved indiscreetly  much  may  be  said  to  Excuse  Her.  I  am 
therefore  willing  if  you  do  not  think  it  too  great  a  sacrifice 
to  Pay  Mr  Digges  Cliftons  Bond  &  the  Interest  thereon  provided 
Mr  Digges  will  Pay  me  all  Costs  &  Charges  I  have  sustained  by 
His  sute  ag*  me  in  which  I  do  not  include  money  fees  to  our 
Lawyers ;  I  insist  on  this,  that  Mr  Digges  may  at  least  acknowl- 
edge His  Behaviour  was  too  precipate.  You  will  not  feel  the 
loss  of  the  sacrifice  I  am  willing  to  make  &  it  may  be  some 
Comfort  to  Mr  Digges  in  His  present  Condition. 

If  you  approve  of  what  I  wrote  to  you,  you  may  shew  it  to 
Csn  Daniell,  if  not  keep  it  to  yr  self.    I  am  Dr  Charley 

Yr  Mo:  Aff*  Father 

Chas:  Carroll 

Aprill  20th  1770  [127] 
Dr  Charley 

I  have  yrs  of  the  17th  &  18th  There  is  a  law  (If  you  will 
look  into  the  Book  of  Virginia  Laws)  Regulating  the  Rate  of 
silver  by  the  ounce  &  Penny  weight,  &  at  the  Rate  every  one 
in  Virginia  is  obliged  to  take  it,  you  may  weigh  a  Dollar  &  if 
you  find  by  the  weight  th*  a  Dollar  is  worth  more  than  5/9d 
at  the  Rate  you  must  pass  them,  other  ways  you  must  submit 
to  what  Hunter  &  Lawson  may  Claim,  unless  Lawson  by  His 
letters  Engages  to  furnish  it  at  the  Rate  of  12/6  Maryland 
Currency,  &  I  Have  some  notion  He  did  so.  However  it  is 
well  we  get  it  at  any  Rate,  Considering  our  distress;  it  is  so 
great  in  this  neighborhood,  th*  what  with  the  loss  of  stock,  loss 
of  time  in  fetching  &  getting  Corn  &  the  High  price  of  it,  the 
People  will  not  Recover  the  Damages  they  Have  &  will  sustain 
in  less  than  4  or  five  years.  Insted  of  Repining  we  are  in  duty 
Bound  to  thank  God  th*  we  are  so  well  able  to  bear  any  loss 
we  Have  or  may  sustain — 

I  am  very  glad  to  Hear  th*  Lewellins  Proceedings  were 
quashed,  &  Hope  their  being  Quashed  will  procure  you  Peace. 


I  suppose  yr  Evidences  proved  their  Attendance,  get  the  Bill 
of  Costs  &  demand  thm  Immediately — 

I  am  very  sorry  you  Cannot  without  fatigue  go  thro  the 
Business  you  must  transact,  the  way  to  do  it  with  ease  is  to  do 
only  one  thing  at  a  time  &  to  do  it  so  &  so  deliberately  as  if  you 
had  nothing  Else  to  do,  for  want  of  doing  Business  so,  you 
will  be  very  apt  to  Commit  mistakes,  as  an  illustration  I  send 
you  Otteys  letter  on  the  Back  of  Wh  you  say  His  originall  Bond 
was  for  £103 :0 :0  whereas  it  was  for  £203 :0 :0  should  you  make 
such  mistakes  in  yr  Books,  they  would  be  very  important  to  yr 
self  or  to  those  who  owe  us  money — I  am  glad  Ridgate  did  not 
Accept  yr  offer.  I  think  tob°  must  sell  at  least  at  22/6  &  4  pr  c*, 
Pray  write  my  opinion  to  Mr  Ridgate,  it  will  shew  th*  in  my 
opinion  you  was  too  Condescending.  I  think  His  offer  now  & 
hereafter  of  Giving  the  Highest  Bill  of  Excha  price  too  un- 
certain, But  we  will  Consider  this  at  leisure. 

It  was  Needless  to  send  me  the  Extract  of  the  Cash  Ace* 
Consider  it  yrself,  &  if  you  are  satisfied  no  unnecessary  Ex- 
pences  have  been  incurred  I  am  satisfyed.  You  made  House- 
hold Expenses  &  tradesmens  Bills  Amount  to  £400:14:9% 
If  I  Remember  Right  the  Cash  you  Received  in  th*  time 
Amounted  to  nigh  £700,  what  become  of  Ballance?  not  th* 
I  want  to  know  what  is  become  of  it  but  I  want  you  to  Consider 
&  to  Reflect  whether  such  large  disbursements  may  not  in  future 
be  Curtailed — 

Mr  Calder  Brought  me  yr  letter  &  I  Helped  Him  out  with 
Provisions.  Inclosed  you  Have  the  distance  from  Annapolis 
Gate  to  our  gate  Between  the  Stable  &  Corn  House  which  you 
will  find,  at  the  Rate  of  320ps  to  the  mile,  to  be  32  miles  %  & 

1             To  Caleb  Dorsey's 1389 

To  Mr  Warfield's 1105 

To   Mr   Dannolds 358 

Gambrils    Lane 874 

The  old  House 699 

To   Douglass 337 

To   Chs   Carroll's   Esqt... 5592 

Perchs 10350 


I  thank  you  for  the  Communication  or  Mr  Cookes  letter 
It  is  Realy  well  wrote  &  Entertaining.  I  Return  it  to  you 
thinking  the  Printer  will  be  glad  to  Print  it,  I  think  the  Pub- 
lick  ought  not  to  be  deprived  of  it,  Besides  Billy  seems  to  permit 
it  &  I  think  it  will  Redound  to  His  Credit  &  give  him  Repu- 
tation. Has  Mr  Hepburn  answered  my  letter  to  Him  as  securi- 
ty for  Jo :  Cooke  ?  if  not  Pray  write  to  him  &  tell  Him  you  are 
directed  by  me  to  put  th*  Bond  in  suit  unless  He  will  promise 
to  Discharge  it  at  farthest  by  the  last  of  Sep*.  Mr  Cookes  Be- 
haviour has  been  such  as  to  justify  this  step — 

Has  Dorsey  as  security  for  Sligh  satisfyed  th*  Debt?  If 
Watkins  has  not  payed  the  Compound  Interest  willingly  & 
settled  the  matter  take  the  legall  steps,  their  Behaviour  Re- 
quires it. 

The  Small  Pox  is  all  Round  us,  which  Has  determined  me 
to  Innoculate  all  our  young  negroes  there  will  be  about  120 
send  the  medicines  mentioned  in  the  Inclosed  2  to  prepare  them 
for  Innooulation,  the  Quantity  of  Plaster  must  be  Proportion- 
ed to  the  number,  Rather  more  than  less,  I  suppose  Diapalma 
or  Diaculan  will  do,  But  Tootle  will  tell  you  I  applyed  to 
Howard  who  would  not  Innoculate  them  under  20/  a  head. 
I  am  therefore  determined  to  trust  to  Mr  Ireland,  who  suc- 
ceeded very  well  Heretofore  &  I  doubt  not  will  do  so  again. 
He  has  the  directions  He  formerly  followed — I  want  these 
things,  th*  is  Medicine  by  the  Boy  to  prepare  the  Children  & 
when  the  Cart  Carries  yr  flower,  I  shall  want  35011  of  Mus- 
covado Sugar  &  5011  of  Coffee  to  Give  the  sick.  I  hope  you 
Have  not  forgot  to  write  to  Mr  Harding  about  the  sugar. 

It  seems  Plain  to  me  th*  the  Revenue  Acts  will  be  Repealed — 
When  did  Carcaud  &  Colson  leave  London?  They  are  said 
to  Have  had  but  7  weeks  Passage,  But  th*  is  Vague  unless  the 
Place  of  their  Departure  be  knowne — My  love  &  Blessing  to 

2     4  ounces  of  rhubarb 
4  Do  of  Ialap 
2  Do  of  Ipicacuanha 
4  Do  of   Cenitive  Elecsuary 
'Some  Common  Plaister  as  it  is  called  in  the  shop — 


you  &  Molly,  I  pray  to  God  to  Grant  you  Health  &  I  am  Dr 

Flo:  Afft  Father 

Chas:  Carroll 

P.  S.  I  have  begun  to  Plant  the  Vineyard  (which  is  in- 
closed) with  4  sorts  of  Vines,  each  sort  in  a  separate  Bed 
Vzt — Renish  Virginia  grape,  Claret  &  Burgundy — The  weather 
is  fine  &  has  produced  some  grass  &  in  Consequence  of  it  we 
had  this  day  a  Plate  of  very  good  yellow  Butter.  I  do  not 
think  the  stone  Cutters  will  finish  my  Porch  before  the  mid- 
dle of  May.  The  Stones  for  the  Bases  &  Capitalls  are  not  all 
got  only  4  of  them,  it  is  dificult  to  raise  them  so  thick  as  the 
stone  is  jointy,  Steps  may  be  easier  Raised,  The  Stone  Cut- 
ters wish  to  Have  a  draft  of  the  Bases  &  Capitalls,  they  Could 
rough  the  stones  to  that  draft,  &  save  a  great  deal  of  Carriage 
for  a  stone  2  feet  square,  &  such  solid  stone,  is  very  Heavy. 
I  hope  the  Business  is  pretty  well  over  &  that  you  are  in 
better  spirits  in  Consequences  of  ease  &  of  course  in  Better 

Aprill  25th  1770  [128] 

Dr  Charley, 

The  hands  accompany  this  who  are  to  tend  the  Brick  makers, 
if  you  want  another  there  is  a  large  Girl  at  Pete  Tuckers.  Mr 
Ireland  has  the  memorandums  &  suppose  the  things  will  be 
sent  with  the  Flour,  the  Cart  wheels  for'  the  Island  Expected, 
which  I  Believe  are  not  tier'd,  &  if  they  be  tier'd,  they  Cannot 
be  sent  now,  being  too  Heavy. 

Get  the  legall  Costs  in  the  Povinciall  &  St.  Marys  made  out 
ag*  Lewellin  let  Neale  demand  them  &  if  not  Immediately  Paid, 
get  an  Execution — tob°  is  high  now  &  may  not  be  so  next  year. 

Pray  let  Mr  Ridgate  know  th*  I  did  not  approve  of  the  offer 
you  made  him  of  our  tob°  Indeed  I  wonder  you  made  it,  as 
wee  heard  tob°  was  Rising  in  London,  &  as  you  must  be  sensi- 
ble the  Crop  to  be  shipt  is  a  short  one. 


Pray  send  up  some  of  the  sugar  th*  Came  from  Mr  Harding, 
we  shall  want  a  great  deal  of  it  if  Clayed  sugar  does  not  Come 
in  before  the  strawberry  season. 

The  Rhubarb  was  necessary  to  Prepare  the  negroes  for  in- 
noculation,  According  to  Dor  Heberdens  Directions  wh  Mr 
Ireland  formerly  followed.  If  we  &  Tootle  Had  it  not,  you 
might  Have  got  it  some  where  in  Towne.  But  as  you  did  not 
send  it,  as  the  Danger  of  the  negroes  taking  it  in  the  Naturall 
way  presses,  &  as  Mr  Ireland  is  threatened  with  a  fit  of  the 
Gout  in  th*  Case  may  not  be  able  to  Attend  thm  I  have  agreed 
to  Give  Dor  Howard  5/  a  head  for  Physick  &  advice,  wh  I 
Reckon  so  much  out  of  Pocket,  I  am  also  to  give  Mr  Baker  $20 
for  Attending  thm  this  is  no  Expense  as  I  intended  to  Give  th* 
sum  to  Mr  Ireland.    I  expect  to  begin  to  Innoculate  tomorrow. 

I  think  you  are  wrong  to  Have  the  Capitalls  &c  finished  there, 
they  may  be  defaced  in  the  Carriage,  wh  Danger  would  be 
avoided  if  only  roughed  out  there,  But  Please  yrself .  The  Man 
will  do  them  well,  But  it  will  take  time  for  the  stone  is  very 
Hard.  They  will  doe  a  great  deal  in  a  day,  when  they  get  to 
work,  on  the  Severn  Stone.  Kr  Brooke  will  let  you  know  th* 
yr  Pork  is  not  Ready  &  the  Reason  of  it,  I  can  Employ  them, 
the  Stone  Cutters  until  you  are  prepared  for  them  Here.  They 
will  not  only  Carry  their  Tools,  But  they  Can  set  thm  up  & 
Repair  them.  You  Have  a  Bellows  anvill  &c  in  the  store  which 
they  will  want  when  over  Severn. 

I  suppose  you  Have  upbraided  Young  with  His  Knavery  & 
Lazyness,  let  Him  know  before  Evidence  th*  you  will  Charge 
Him  2/  a  day  for  every  day  you  can  prove  Him  to  be  absent 
from  the  Plantation  without  yr  leave,  this  may  Have  a  good 
Effect,  Especially  if  you  season  it  with  Hopes  of  Continuing 
with  you,  if  by  His  summers  Work  He  shews  th*  He  deserves 
to  be  Continued.    I  will  look  out  forage  to  serve  you. 

I  advise  you  to  let  to  Man  all  the  lot  not  Promised  to  Bryan, 
let  Him  Have  the  Rents  of  Satler  &c  under  Covenant  to  Build 
in  a  limited  time,  of  such  dimensions  as  you  think  proper,  the 


Kent  £20  pr  Anm  the  Term  of  40  years.  I  thank  you  for  the 
Phamphlet  w11 1  Return — If  yon  have  any  others  worth  pernsall 
pray  send  thm  Dr  Charley  to 

Yr  Mo:  Aff:  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 

Aprill  27th  1770  [128] 

Dr  Charley 

Myne  of  the  25th  was  in  answer  to  yrs  of  21st  and  22d  in- 
stant. The  wheels  for  the  Island  are  shod  But  want  Boxes, 
it  is  Mr  Brookes  fault,  He  was  long  since  desired  to  send  thm 
I  shall  send  thm  as  low  as  Douglas's  with  a  Carriage,  that  is 
upon  an  Axel  tree  &  Young  must  get  thm  to  you  from  thence 
for  Considering  the  Cartage  of  my  Corn  &  wheat  &  the  weak- 
ness of  my  Teams  for  the  want  of  Corn  &  the  Ploughing  & 
preparing  for  the  Crop  in  hand  I  cannot  Doe  more 

Pray  send  me  211  of  the  Course  Gunpowder  to  Blow  the 
lime  stone,  2  Dzn  of  Spirit  &  4  or  5  Dzn  &  of  Claret  this  last 
I  suppose  you  may  well  spare  as  you  expect  a  supply,  as  you 
will  not  have  much  Company  this  summer,  as  I  shall  have  a 
good  deal  &  a  good  deal  of  yrs  in  Particular — 

Inclosed  you  Have  Goudys  Ace*  which  settle  in  yr  Books — I 
think  I  sent  you  Elgars  ace*.  You  do  not  acknowledge  the 
Receipt  of  it,  If  I  did  not  send  it,  let  me  know  it,  &  it  shall  be 
sent,  my  memory  fails  me,  it  therefore  Behooves  you  to  an- 
swer particularly  my  letters.  I  suppose  Coll  Sharpe  does  not 
want  any  more  Burnet  seed  I  therefore  sowed  what  I  had 
Reserved  for  him.  I  have  settled  with  Malvell,  the  Fuller,  my 
advance  to  him,  was  £228 :13 :8%  for  which  &  the  10  acres  of 
land  to  His  Mill,  you  will  Receive  an  Annual  Rent  of  £30 
which  is  laying  out  money  to  good  advantage.  I  have  scared 
Tim  into  sobriety,  if  He  Continues  so,  He  will  do  very  well 
as  He  has  a  prospect  of  Great  &  increasing  Business.  I  Have 
not  yet  finished  the  Tanyard,  or  settled  the  Tanners  Ace*  But 
I  suppose  His  Rent  will  Amount  to  nigh  $20  pr  Annum.  Thus 
you  see  in  these  two  Articles  a  pretty  little  Annual  Estate 


Raised,  &  th*  every  shilling  I  lay  out,  is  layed  out  to  profit. 
My  dry  well,  will  be  compleated  by  the  20tl1  of  next  month  & 
I  hope  will  answer  the  Intention  of  it.  Pray  let  me  know  the 
whole  of  the  Corn  w^  Lawson,  Hunter  &  Coolidge  are  to  sup- 
ply &  part  of  it  they  Have  supplyed.  I  suppose  2000  Bushels 
Have  been  delivered  at  the  works  or  are  to  be  delivered  there, 
500  at  Annapolis,  there  will  Remain  for  Elk  Ridge  (if  as  I 
apprehend  600  Bushells  were  Engaged)  3500  which  will  do,  or 
Even,  500  Bushells  less  if  the  Contractors  should  fall  short  in 
their  supply — I  am  pleased  with  the  Stone  Cutters,  they  are 
sober  diligent  &  good  workmen,  Guthing  in  the  Easter  Holydays 
made  out  of  the  lime  stone  a  mortar  for  Mr  Ireland  as  good  as 
yr  Marble  one,  He  can  I  think  do  almost  anything  in  stone 
work.  Let  me  know  the  day  you  set  out  for  the  Eastern  shore 
&  when  you  intend  to  Return.  I  shall  not  send  to  Annapolis 
in  yr  Absence  without  necessity.  The  weather  continues  dry, 
no  grass  or  any  thing  Else  growes.  Yesterday  morning  we 
had  Ice.  But  I  do  not  think  the  fruit  Hurt,  it  has  been  Cold 
for  two  or  3  days  past,  last  Sunday  &  Monday  Exceeding  Hot 
&  Gusts  Back  of  us,  But  no  Rain  Here — My  love  &  Blessing 
to  you  &  Molly.  God  grant  you,  Both  Health  &  Happiness — 
I  am  Dr  Charley 

Yr  Mo:  Aff*  Father 

Cha.  Carroll 

Friday  one  o'Clock — It  is  now  Cloudy  the  wind  at  S.  I 
hope  we  shall  Have  a  Sober  settled  Warme  Rain,  wh  is  much 

April  26  &  27  1770 
[Piece  of  a  letter] 

The  Wagon  was  to  Have  gone  to  Towne  this  morning  but 
the  flour  was  not  quite  Ready,  she  will  be  with  you  on  Monday, 
&  I  send  my  letters  before  Her,  th*  Her  Load  may  be  ready  for 
Her.  Yesterday  110  negroes,  the  Eldest  not  Exceeding  10 
yr8  were  innoculated,  Baker  lodges  with  me  to  Attend  them. 
Mr  Ashton  was  Innoculated  last  Wednesday.     Mr.  Ireland  is 


layed  up  wth  the  Gout.  Pray  order  Everything  to  be  prepared 
for  the  Wagon  th*  it  may  be  dispatched  as  soon  as  possible,  order 
the  Horses  to  be  well  fed  while  with  you,  &  give  thm  Corn  to 
feed  thm  on  their  Keturn. 

I  suppose  you  Have  not  seen  Jos,a  Beale  as  you  do  not  men- 
tion, Concord  &c — I  suppose  Christie  has  brought  some  im- 
portant news,  as  I  Hear  He  left  London  the  1st  of  March.  It 
Rained  a  little  yesterday  Evening,  &  but  a  little  &  this  High 
&  Cold  wind  will  soon  dry  the  Ground  again.  I  wish  you  & 
Molly  a  Pleasant  Voyage,  fair  winds  &  fair  weather  &  th*  you 
may  both  Return  in  good  Health — I  am  Dr  Charley 

Yrs  &c 

Cha:  Carroll 

May  4th  1770         [129] 
Dr  Charley 

Inclosed  you  Have  Mr  Graves  letter  to  you,  I  am  glad  to 
find  by  His  to  me,  th*  He  seems  to  be  in  much  better  temper 
than  when  He  last  wrote  to  you,  for  you  know  I  did  not  by 
myne  intend  to  give  Him  any  Offence.  The  only  dispute  Be- 
tween us  &  England  is  whether  England  can  take  our  money 
from  us  without  our  Consent,  &  I  Cannot  see  th*  He  shews  the 
shadow  of  an  argument  to  prove  this — I  see  by  the  English 
Papers  you  sent  me  Chas  York  Cut  His  throat.  Timothy 
was  very  Penitent.  He  came  to  me  knelt  downe  begged  my 
Pardon,  promised  never  to  behave  so  again  I  forgave  him 
(&  told  Him  I  should  forget  his  fault  provided  He  Behaved 
well  for  the  future,  wh  He  promised.  He  was  much  scared 
&  I  believe  will  keep  His  promise — As  to  yr  molds,  Robert  is 
not  Clear,  nor  Could  Timothy  make  the  Matter  plain  to  Him. 
If  you  Intend  4  Pillars  it  is  Plain  the  Bases  Capitalls  & 
Astracals  must  be  all  alike  for  each  Pillar,  But  if  you  intend 
only  2  Pillars,  in  front  &  Pillasters  adjoining  to  the  House, 
then  the  Bases  Capitalls  &  Astraeales  to  the  Pillasters  will 
only  be  %  work,  the  way  to  Satisfy  Robert  is  to  draw  &  send 
a  plan  of  yr  Pillars  with  the  Bases  &c.     Robert  says  you  had 


better  Have  yr  Pillars  in  stone,  if  you  Eesolve  on  this,  yon 
must  Hier  the  Cartage  of  them  to  Towne  for  I  Can  neither 
spare  nor  will  my  Horses  be  able  to  Carry  downe  the  Stone 

I  Believe  you  will  be  Pleased  with  the  Pavement  of  my 
Porch  next  the  Garden  wh  will  be  finished  about  the  middle 
of  the  week  after  next.  I  wish  you  would  send  two  leathern 
Aprons  for  the  Stone  Cutters,  the  stone  Rubs  out  their  Britches 
&  Cloaths. 

How  do  you  like  the  two  hgds  of  Claret  ?  what  did  they  cost 
freight  and  all  Charges  included  ?  I  was  glad  to  see  Young,  & 
Chapterd  Him  pretty  Eoundly;  He  wanted  to  know  my  in- 
former, wh  I  Refused  He  says  He  was  Certain  it  must  be 
one  who  wanted  His  Place.  I  told  Him,  His  Crop  would 
shew  whether  He  deserved  to  keep  it.  He  sayed  it  should  & 
seemed  to  be  much  scared — If  Lawson  supplys  two  thousand 
Bushells  of  Corn,  which  I  think  He  will  I  shall  Have  Corn 
enough  to  Carry  me  into  Harvest  &  then  I  must  feed  on  Rye. 
But  th*  will  oblige  us  to  use  new  Corn  too  soon,  wh  is  a  great 
waste  &  May  occasion  a  want  of  Corn,  next  year  Especially, 
if  this  summer  should  prove  unseasonable.  Inclosed  you  Have 
my  State  of  the  Corn,  let  me  know  if  it  be  right— I  am  Ex- 
treamly  Glad  you  are  at  ease  about  Molly,  She  is  realy  a  good 
Girl,  a  little  time  &  Experience  will  I  doubt  not  wean  Her 
from  the  little  Levities  you  dislike  &  produce  that  sollidity 
which  I  expect  from  Her  good  sense  and  judgement — I  did  not 
let  Her  Mother  know  a  word  of  what  you  wrote  to  me.  Dr 
Charley  you  cannot  in  any  thing  give  me  so  much  Pleasure  as 
in  taking  Care  of  yr  Health,  I  pray  dayly  for  it,  it  is  what  I 
wish  most  next  to  my  Salvation.  Ride  out  as  often  as  the 
weather  will  permit  you — Davidge  Has  been  twice  to  speak 
with  Howard,  He  could  not  find  Him  at  Home,  He  is  always 
from  Home — Fox  Hunting,  or  Pleasure  Hunting,  Davidge 
will  do  what  He  Can  &  follow  my  Directions— What  you  said 
to  Jordan  about  yr  lots  was  Judicious  &  I  am  glad  you  Had 
so  good  an  Opening.  D:D  will  endeavour  to  thwart  you,  But 
I  think  to  no  Purpose  as  I  suppose  the  Gov*  will  Discounte- 


nance  Him.  Molly  writes  to  Her  Mama  th*  she  felt  the  little 
one  4  weeks  past,  tell  Her  I  think  Her  a  perverse  Girl  for  not 
letting  me  know  it  sooner — Pray  keep  shoemaker  Jim  with 
you  nntill  He  is  killed  or  Cured  He  is  a  valuable  Man,  & 
should  not  be  neglected,  Give  my  service  to  Dor  Tootle  &  tell 
Him  I  desire  He  will  Exert  His  Abilities  &  give  Him  due 
Attendance  to  Kestore  His  Health,  from  Dor  Howards  long 
tryall,  I  think  He  did  not  understand  James's  disorder — We 
had  last  Monday  &  Tuesday  night's  pretty  sharp  frosts,  Ice  on 
Tuesday  &  Wednesday  mornings  as  thick  as  a  Dollar,  our 
fruit  is  Hurt  but  I  think  without  other  frosts  we  shall  have 
a  Tollerable  Plenty  of  all  Sorts.  We  had  a  little  Eain  yester- 
day evening  it  has  been  drisling  all  this  day  (I  write  this  at 

4  o'clock  P.  M.)  it  is  Cold.  We  very  much  want  a  warmer 
soaking  Rain,  for  excepting  the  snow  which  fell  the  1st  &  2d  of 
Aprill  &  which  did  not  soake  the  Ground,  we  have  had  but 
one  Pain,  &  th*  did  not  Penetrate  an  inch ;  all,  but  a  little  for- 
ward Wheat,  looks  sadly.  My  Oats  looked  better  10  days  past 
than  it  does  now,  no  vegitation  &  Consequently  little  or  no 
grass.  I  never  knew  so  late  &  so  disagreeable  a  Spring,  I  hope 
for  more  favourable  summer.  Mr  Croxall  supplyed  me  with  32 
Bushells  of  Potatoes  (all  He  Could  spare)  they  do  not  Plant 

5  Acres  so  th*  by  Experience  of  friend  th*  an  Acre  instead  of 
4  takes  upwards  of  6  Bushells  of  Potatoes,  &  Could  I  have 
been  supplyed  I  would  Have  Planted  8  Bushells  of  Potatoes  to 
the  Acre.  I  hope  what  I  have  Planted. will  produce  well  as 
they  are  Planted  in  good  ground  &  shall  be  well  attended 

By  the  last  Acct.  I  had  from  Mr.  Croxwell,  which  was  on 
the  20th  Past,  He  Continues  to  Have  His  fits.  I  Begin  to  de- 
spair of  His  Recovery:  I  intend  if  nothing  prevents  me,  to 
goe  to  see  Him  next  tuesday  I  Have  a  great  Regard  for  Him, 
Pray  say  something  obliging  of  Him  in  answer  to  this,  I  will 
shew  it  to  him  &  I  am  Certain  it  will  please  &  Comfort  him, 

6  is  it  not  a  duty  to  give  such  a  man,  what  Pleasure  &  Comfort 
we  Can.  Mr  Ashton  has  His  feavour  &  tomorrow  or  next  day 
I  expect  the  Pock  will  shew  itself.  Some  of  our  little  ones 
Have  it,  the  Doctor  uses  the  Coffee.    He  did  not  Care  to  Ask 


for  it,  as  He  thought  I  might  think  it  too  Expensive  the  Molas- 
ses is  very  agreeable  to  them  very  proper  &  a  great  Help  as 
food,  it  is  spread  on  their  Bread  I  doubt  not  they  will  all  doe 
well — If  you  Have  alter  d  yr  time  of  going  to  the  E.  shore  let 
me  know  it.  I  hear  Chamier  of  Baltimore  Towne  ha,s  Brought 
word  from  Annapolis  th*  the  Revenue  Accts  are  Repealed,  if 
this  news  be  true,  by  what  ship  Have  you  Received  it.  My  love 
&  Blessing  to  you  &  Molly  wishing  you  both  perfect  Health  & 
Happiness  I  am  Dr  Charley — 

Yr  Mo:  Afft  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 

May  7th         [130] 
Dr  Charley 

I  have  yrs  by  Sam.  Rob*  understands  the  draft  or  Plan  of 
yr  Pillars  &  Pilasters  for  yr  Porch  &  will  get  the  Capitalls  &c  & 
I  hope  be  able  to  finish  by  the  middle  of  June. 

By  the  inclosed  which  I  desier  you  will  Return  to  me  by  the 
Bearer  you  will  see  that  Coolidge  insted  of  2000,  only  sent  1420 
Bushells  of  Corn.  That  Lawson  falls  short  900  Bushells  & 
th*  you  owe  346%  Bushells  to  the  Works. 

I  see  th*  Sam11  Lane  by  the  last  Maryland  Paper  advertises 
1000  Bushells  of  Corn  to  be  delivered  at  Pigg  Point.  Pray 
write  to  Coolidge  &  send  an  Express  to  him  to  Engage  the  Corn 
&  to  send  it  up  as  soon  as  Possible.  If  we  Can  get  the  Corn 
it  will  make  good  yr  Supply  to  the  works  &  with  the  Remainder 
Can  make  a  shift  untill  new  Corn  is  fit  to  be  gathered,  without 
it,  I  must  keep  wheat  &  Eat  it.  I  shall  Speak  to  you,  about 
Plater  when  I  see  you.  I  Cannot  suppose  you  will  give  £200 
Virginia  Currency  for  a  Pair  of  Horses,  I  would  walk  rather 
than  do  it.  My  love  &  Blessing  to  you  &  Molly.  I  suppose 
you  will  Return  from  the  E:  Shore  by  the  25th  at  farthest. 
We  are  well,  Rachell  gives  Her  love  to  you  &  Molly.  I  am 
Dr  Charley  Yr  Mo :  Aff *  Father 

Cha :    Carroll 


You  may  let  Coolidge  know  th*  His,  Hunters,  &  Lawsons 
falling  short  1727  Bushells  of  the  Quantity  promised,  obliges 
you  to  press  him  to  Engage  Lanes  Corn,  or  the  like  Quantity 
any  where. 

May  22:  1770  [131] 

Dr  Charley, 

I  have  yrs  of  the  5th  8th  &  9th  before  me  &  I  now  Answer 
what  is  Materiall  to  be  answered.  In  Yrs  of  the  5th  you  say 
Mr  Ogle  Expects  two  pair  of  Horses  from  Mr  Beverley:  Bev- 
erly Asks  £200  Virga  Currency  for  each  Pair.  Mr  Ogle  Has 
offered  to  let  me  have  a  pair  of  them  if  I  like  them. 

In  yrs  of  the  8th  you  say,  I  Cannot  Conceive  How  you  took 
it  into  yr  Head  th*  I  had  any  thoughts  of  giving  £200  Virginia 
Currency  for  a  Pair  of  Horses.  What  Passage  in  my  letter 
Could  induce  you  to  think  so  ?  The  quotation  from  yr  letter  of 
the  5th  is  a  Clear  Answer  to  this  Question,  &  I  must  desier  you 
to  Read  over  all  yr  letters  to  others,  if  they  any  ways  Relate  to 
Business,  for  fear  you  should  say  to  them,  what  you  do  not 
intend  to  say.  N"ever  do  any  thing  in  a  Hurry,  thought  & 
Reflection  ought  to  Accompany  the  most  trifling  transactions, 
when  they  are  omitted,  it  is  an  indication,  that  application  & 
Business  is  very  Disagreeable.  I  would  not  Humor  Plater  at 
the  Expence  of  yr  Purse.  Conscious  as  you  are  that  He  acted 
Contrary  to  yr  orders  or  Request:  Here  is  another  lesson,  which 
I  wish  you,  would  observe,  th*  is  to  Give  yr  instructions  in  all 
such  Cases  under  yr  Hand  &  to  keep  a  Copy  of  them.  Baker 
will  informe  you  what  was  the  Result  of  yr  letter  to  Coolidge 
&  of  the  subsequent  transactions  &  of  the  letter  He  has  at 
my  Request  wrote  to  Coolidge.  Beside  Gathering  the  growing 
Crop  of  Corn  or  Part  of  it  before  Ripe  for  my  People,  I  shall 
be  other  ways  much  distressed  if  you  Cannot  procure  me  an 
Additionall  Supply  of  Corn:  1000  Bushells  will  make  good 
what  you  are  deficient  at  the  works  &  the  Remainder  will  En- 
able me  to  make  a  Tollerable  shift  Here.  I  advise  you  not  to 
Build  yr  new  Stable  before  next  Spring,  do  not  do  it  then  unless 
you  Have  every  Article  in  Place.     But  more  of  this  when  I 


see  you.  I  have  not  Heared  from  nor  Have  I  any  opportunity 
of  writing  to  Houston  about  the  Shingles.  I  shall  not  neglect 
to  instruct  Davidge  when  I  see  Him. 

May  24th  We  are  in  great  want  of  Rain,  since  the  19th  of 
March  the  Day  I  left  Annapolis  to  this  day  we  have  not  had 
a  Kain  to  wet  the  ground  one  Inch  deep.     We  had  a  snow  the 
1st  of  Aprill  about  4  Inches  deep,  But  th*  upon  a  thaw  aforded 
but  little  moisture:  What  vegetation  we  have  had  is  from  the 
winter  Rains,  My  Garden  and  Pastures  are  all  most  Burnt  up. 
Our  Corn  is  Come  up  Beyond  Expectation,  yet  a  great  deal  is 
missing  wh  we  have  Replanted.     The  Plants  in  our  upland 
Beds  are  greatly  Hurt  by  the  Flye,  But  we  have  Plenty  in  our 
low  Beds,  But  they  as  every  thing  Else  want  Rain,  Our  Wheat 
particularly  which  Cannot  stool  or  Branch ;  If  we  had  been  so 
happy  as  to  have  had  the  Rains  you  had  the  8th  &  9th  instant, 
it  would  have  been  greatly  Helped.     Our  fruit  was  not  very 
much  Hurt  by  the  late  frosts,  the  Pears  Excepted,  of  which,  we 
shall  have  but  few.     My  Vineyard  seems  to  suffer  most  by  the 
want  of  Rain.     We  have  a  great  shew  of  Grapes  in  the  Garden. 
My  dry  well  will  be  Covered  &  fit  for  use  next  week.     The 
Stone  Cutters  have  been  at  work  upon  yr  Bases  &  Capitalls 
since  the  12th  instant,  I  do  not  think  they  Can  Compleat  them 
by  the  15th  of  June  they  are  good  &  Diligent  Workmen,  so  is 
the  wheel  wright,  they  all  Behave  well,  so  does  Timothy.     Our 
Plantation  Work,  is  pretty  forward  we  are  in  a  good  way  for  a 
Crop  if  it  will  Please  God  to  Bless  us  with  favourable  Rains 
&  weather.     I  have  Planted  thirty  two  Bushells  of  Potatoes, 
which  have  only  taken  up  5  Acres  &  a  half.     If  you  Have  not 
Received  a  Supply  of  Clayed  Sugar,  I  shall  want  most  of  the 
Sugar   which   Came   from   Philadelphia   at   the  Approaching 
Strawberry  Season.    We  must  send  to  Philadelphia  for  Leather 
at  the  same  time  write  for  more  sugar  &  some  dyeing  Drugs 
for  Malwell,  and  Ace*  of  the  Leather  &  dyeing  drugs  I  will  give 
you  when  you  Come  Hither  I  have  Heard  th*  the  Lands  Ensor 
Proposes  to  Mortgage  with  Corn  by  Chance  &c.  are  Entailed 
you  will  Enquire  into  His  Title  to  those  Lands  Before  you  take 
a  Mortgage  of  them.     If  the  ace*  of  Ld  Baltimores  Death  be 


true  the  Govr  must  know  it,  let  me  know  whether  He  has  had 
any  advice  of  it.  Mr  Curry  has  wrote  to  Her  Mother  th*  Curry 
has  payed  you  Mr  Ireland  desiers  to  know  whether  it  be  so. 
Wm  Logsdowne  &  Richd  Wells  paid  me  the  8th  instant  £27 :0 :0 
Curr*  BaUa :  due  from  thm  on  th*  day  is  £13  :19  :5%  Mr  Ottey 
pd  me  the  18th  Ins*  £212  Chiefly  in  Dollars  which  I  will  Deliver 
to  you.  All  the  People  innoculated  are  well,  it  was  very  favor- 
able to  all,  But  we  had  like  to  Have  lost  Stephen  the  Brick- 
layer, He  was  very  well  had  but  few  Eruptions  &  they  were 
drying  away,  when  Heating  Himself  by  Exercise  perhaps  drink- 
ing Cold  Water,  if  not  Rum,  He  was  seized  last  Sunday  over- 
night with  a  Delirium  &  Continued  out  of  His  Senses  for  10 
or  12  days.  He  is  now  allmost  perfectly  sensible,  without  any 
feavour  &  Begins  to  work  about,  negroes  &  their  Nurses  are 
so  Stupid  th*  they  Cannot  be  kept  in  order,  nor  Can  they  be 
prevailed  on  to  follow  directions:  I  did  not  Innoculate  the 
sucking  Children,  &  ordered  their  mothers  not  to  Visit  their 
Innoculated  Children,  they  did  not  observe  those  orders  &  I 
am  apprehensive  some  of  the  sucking  Children  Have  taken  the 
Pock  from  their  mothers.  I  went  to  see  Air.  Croxall  the  8th 
&  Returned  the  12th  He  read  th*  part  of  yr  letter  Relating  to 
Him  it  affected  Him  much,  He  expressed  a  great  deal  of  Grati- 
tude &  thanks  for  yr  good  opinion  &  Concern  for  Him,  said 
th*  nothing  He  Could  say  Could  Come  up  to  the  sense  He  had 
of  yr  kindness  &  Esteem  for  Him,  &  desiered  me  to  let  you 
know  it  &  in  a  Manner  He  said  I  was  more  Capable  of  Express- 
ing than  He  was,  &  desiered  His  Compliments  to  you  &  Bid 
me  tell  you  He  most  sincerely  wished  you  perfect  Health  & 
Happyness.  His  senses  are  perfect  But  He  is  so  Relaxed  & 
His  Constitution  so  Broken,  th*  Altho  He  may  linger  may  be 
some  years,  I  see  little  or  no  Hopes  of  His  Recovery  to  a 
perfect  State  of  Health.  Mr  Ireland  Had  but  a  slight  fit  of 
the  Gout,  He  is  now  well  &  desiers  His  Complimts  to  you. 

I  Have  Here  at  the  Landing  1342  Bushells  of  wheat  for  sale 
it  would  Have  been  1594  if  my  People  Had  not  eat  252  Bush- 
ells.    The  whole  Crop  last  year  was  1853%,  Ton  wheat  179 
Bushls  Totall  2032i/2.     25th  May  12  a  clock.     We  had  a  Re- 


freshing  shower  this  morning  at  6  o'clock,  &  it  has  Continued 
Cloudy  &  misting  since,  it  now  looks  as  if  it  would  Clear  up. 
This  Rain  will  be  of  great  Service  to  all  our  small  grain  &  Corn 
&  tob°  Plants,  But  how  far  it  is  short  of  what  we  want  you 
will  Judge  when  I  tell  you  that  I  looked  this  moment  under  a 
Dark  leaf  &  found  the  ground  as  dry  as  if  a  drop  of  Rain  had 
not  fallen,  the  Rain  has  no  where  Penetrated  above  an  inch.  It 
took  at  this  Plantation  &  Suckeys  above  3  Bushells  to  Replant 
our  Corn,  it  seems  the  Pissants  eat  a  great  deal  of  Corn  in  the 
ground  &  Cut  off  a  great  deal  which  had  Come  up  well  &  looked 
finely,  owing  to  the  dry  weather.  There  are  such  Quantities  of 
ground  wormes,  th*  I  am  afraid  it  will  be  difficult  to  get  our  tob° 
Plants  to  stand  when  favoured  with  a  Season.  Seal  myne  to  Mr 
Johnson,  the  inclosed  to  you,  Came  in  a  Packet  of  News  Papers 
&  Magazines  wh  Mr  Deards  sent  me,  they  Came  by  Carcaud. 
Mr  Deards  writes  me  you  Came  Home  last  Sunday  night,  yr 
Hay  was  much  shorter  than  I  expected,  what  visits  did  you  Pay  % 
was  yr  Voyage  agreeable  to  you  &  Molly  ?  How  do  you  both  do 
after  it  ?  I  long  to  see  you  Both,  When  shall  I  have  th*  Pleasure 
&  Satisfaction  %  My  love  &  Blessing  to  you  &  Molly.  I  am  Dr 
Charley  Yr  Mo :  Aff*  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 

I  am  in  Hopes  Tob°  will  sell  well  this  summer  as  I  Hear  the 
Planters  Have  Received  very  great  Acct8  of  sale.  Mr  Howard 
Has  nigh  £12  Round  for  Eight  Hgds.,  one  of  which  was  greatly 

If  you  have  any  Mares  at  the  Annapolis  Quarter  to  be 
Horsed,  it  is  time  to  send  them. 

July  16:  1770  [132] 

Dr  Charley, 

I  have  yrs  by  Clem  &  Both  yrs  by  Mr  Deards.  I  cannot  pos- 
sibly send  you  the  Rye  untill  the  Hurry  of  my  Harvest  of  Grain 
&  Hay  is  over  nor  Have  I  any  one  to  send  with  Timothy  as 
yet  I  wish  I  Could  Hier  15  hands  for  a  fortnight  &  some 
Ploughs.    We  Have  a  good  prospect  of  Corn  &  tob°    But  it  is 


Exceeding  hard  work  to  keep  them  Clean.  Mr  Harding  has 
Bought  1001b.  of  Sugar  which  is  I  Believe  at  Mr  Brownes,  th* 
with  the  things  for  the  Fuller  Amounts  to  £26 :8 :11%  f°r 
wh  sum  give  Mr  Harding  an  order  on  Mr  Moylan,  Harding 
writes  for  the  money.  I  Have  not  Heard  from  Davidge.  If 
He  or  Johnson  is  going  to  Virginia  next  Thursday,  if  so  I 
hope  you  will  Come  up  with  Mr  Eden.  I  write  by  Candle 
light  &  should  not  send  downe  if  it  was  not  to  oblige  Coll 
Sharpe  who  writes  to  Annapolis.    I  am  Dr  Charley 

Yr  Mo :  Aff*  Eather 

Cha:  Carroll 

P.  S.  I  do  not  expect  any  Ace*  from  Davidge  untill  I  see 
Him  Have  Patience. 

July  31st  1770         [133] 
Dr   Charley, 

This  morning  I  Received  yrs  of  yesterday  by  Will.  I  am 
very  glad  to  Hear  Molly  was  not  much  fatigued  &  th*  she  was 
yesterday  in  good  spirits  present  my  love  &  Blessing  to  Her.  I 
find  myself  quite  well,  two  good  nights  Best,  very  little  wine 
&  ease  has  put  me  to  rights.  You  need  not  be  uneasy  about 
our  tob°  untill  the  Price  is  fixed  &  Quantities  are  sold,  the 
Purchasers  will  keep  off  as  long  as  they  Can.  I  wish  you 
Could  learn  How  much  less  thn  last  year  Comes  to  the  follow- 
ing Inspections,  Head  of  Severn,  Queen  Anns,  Marlbro,  Pigg 
Point,  Bladensburgh  &  Rock  Creek.  I  shall  know  from  Mr 
Carroll  whether  Sr  W.  I) :  attempted  A  Reconciliation  between 
Him  &  D  D^  if  He  did,  I  think  He  did  not  succeed — All  my 
Jobbers,  shoemakers,  Smiths,  Carpenters,  Coopers,  Brick- 
layers &c  Have  Been  employed  in  my  Harvest  &  to  keep  my 
Corn  &  tob°  Clean  my  Hay  Harvest  is  now  on  Hand,  I  Have 
6  hands  at  Hansons  to  help  him.  I  Hierd  to  Help  Becraft,  I 
Have  not  begun  to  make  Bricks  &  I  must  try  to  make  100000 
thousand  this  season,  from  this  you  may  judge  it  is  not  in 
my  Power  to  send  you  a  Laborour  But  I  advise  you  to  Hier 


one  or  two  able  diligent  &  working  Hands  if  such  Can  be  met 
with,  the  Job  you  are  ingaged  in  is  great  &  Requires  dispatch. 
Dispatch  will  be  a  saving  if  you  Can  get  good  Hands  at  45/  or 
50/  a  month,  if  you  Hear  of  two  good  spadesmen,  Recommend 
them  to  me  I  want  to  get  the  inclosed  Part  of  my  Vineyard 
ready  for  Planting  next  spring.  Jos:  Cannot  be  spared  from 
the  Garden.  I  do  not  Hear  th*  the  Leather  &c  you  last  wrote 
for  to  Mr  Harding  are  Come.  Malwels  things  &  some  Sugar 
is  Come  as  you  will  see  by  Mr  Hardings  letter  inclosed.  Mrs 
Darnall  had  not  time  to  be  sick  when  we  Had  Company,  ever 
since  she  has  Complained  of  the  Cholick,  &  not  without  Reason. 
She  is  poorly  &  desiers  Her  love  to  you  &  Molly — Do  not  leave 
Molly  in  Her  present  Condition.  I  promised  Her  to  write  to 
you  not  leave  Her  &  to  Come  downe  sometime  this  month.  If 
I  Can,  I  shall  then  Give  you  my  opinion  of  the  Men,  you 
enquire  after.  Wishing  you  &  Molly  Health  &  Happiness 
I  am  Dr  Charley. 

Yr  Mo:  Afft  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 

Mrs  Curry  says  she  left  the  letters  you  sent  by  Her  Behind 
Her,  as  Will  did  not  bring  thm  I  suppose  she  Has  lost  thm 
I  understand  there  was  one  for  Coll  Sharpe  &  my  Pensilvania 
news  Papers.  Pray  Ask  Curry  for  them  for  I  Have  not  seen 
the  two  last  Phia  Papers. 

Mr  Hen:  Browne  is  with  me.  I  desired  Him  to  send  1 
loaves  of  sugar,  if  the  Package  Could  be  Conveniently  opened, 
if  not  to  send  it  all  Here,  there  are  13  Loaves  Weighing  105  lbs. 
Inclosed  you  Have  an  Ace*  of  all  the  Corn  Bought  and  How 
disposed  of,  &  of  wheat  sold.  Enter  it  in  your  Blotter  for  yr 
satisfaction.  Our  whole  Crop  of  Tob°  Here  Rent  included, 
Amounts  only  to  22  hdgs  of  wh  two  are  Rent,  I  expect  another 
hgd  from  Rich.  Simpson.  I  Believe  tob°  at  E:  R.  Landing 
will  be  at  25/  ster  Pr  C*  some  hgds  as  I  am  informed  sold 
so  yesterday. 


Aug.  1st  1770  [134] 
Dr  Charley, 

Mr  Hen:  Browne  says  th*  Mr  Moylan  at  Phila  Had  little 
or  no  Connections  with  His  Brother  at  Cadiz  &  th*  He  will  not 
be  Hurt  by  His  failure.    I  wish  it  may  be  so — 

Aug.  2d  I  this  day  Hear  a  good  deal  of  tob°  was  sold  yester- 
day at  E :  R.  Landing  at  25/  23/  &  none  under  22/6  ster  pr 
C*    The  Planters  stand  out  for  25/  in  Generall. 

Aug*  3d  Mrs  Darnall  is  so  unwell  as  not  to  go  with  me  to 
morrow  to  the  Baristers,  I  shall  therefore  put  off  my  journey 
untill  Monday. 

I  Have  two  pair  of  Woven  Cloath  Coloured  silk  Britches 
pray  send  thm  by  the  Bearer  &  order  my  Cloaths  to  be  Air'd 
&  Wigs  Combed  and  Buckled. 

As  Coll  Sharp  has  not  Called,  I  suppose  He  is  Returned  to 
Annapolis.  Pray  make  my  Compliments  to  Him  &  tell  Him 
I  shall  send  downe  the  things  He  left  Here  the  11th  ins*  with 
the  Boy  Sam  to  Exercise  &  to  Help  to  dress  His  Horses.  On 
the  same  day  I  shall  send  the  Wagon,  let  Mr  Deards  know  this 
th*  He  may  prepare  a  load. 

Pray  make  my  Compliments  to  all  Enquiring  Eriends.  My 
love  to  Molly,  God  grant  you  Health.    I  am  D?  Charley — 

Yr  Mo :  An2*  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 

Aug.  9th  1770         [135] 
Dr  Charley, 

Molly  writes  to  Her  Mama  th*  you  was  so  fatigued  with 
Business  th*  you  Could  not  write  to  me  by  the  last  Opportunity, 
&  I  wish  she  had  not  wrote  th*  Mr  Calvert  &  D:  Carroll  in- 
tended last  Monday  to  Pay  me  a  Visit,  as  I  have  not  had  the 
Pleasure  of  their  Company  &  as  the  Expectation  of  it,  prevent- 
ed my  Paying  the  Barister  a  Visit  last  Saturday.  I  propose 
thither  next  Saturday.  But  I  Believe  Mrs  Darnall  Cannot 
Accompany  me  as  she  is  far  from  Being  well.    I  Have  ordered 


Sam  to  go  downe  with  the  Wagon  to  wait  on  Coll  Sharpe  with 
what  things  He  left  Here,  Concluding  the  Coll  is  gone  Home, 
as  I  Have  Heard  nothing  of  Him.  We  had  a  fine  Rain  last 
Monday  night,  it  Began  at  9  &  lasted  about  an  Hour,  it  was  of 
great  Service  to  the  Corn  &  I  suppose  to  the  tob°  altho  tob° 
does  not  shew  or  promise  nigh  so  well  as  the  Corn,  it  in  Gen- 
erall  Growes  spindling  &  looks  yellow,  new  2d  &  3d  years 
Ground  all  Alike,  &  this  is  the  Condition  as  I  Hear  of  all  the 
tob°  Round  us,  if  it  is  so  in  other  Parts  of  the  Country,  the 
growin  Crop  will  fall  vastly  short  of  what  was  expected.  The 
weather  Has  been  I  think  seasonable  &  I  Cannot  Ace*  for  the 
mean  Appearance  of  Tobo.  The  tob°  in  the  new  Cleared 
Meadows  at  Valentines  &  Sams  is  very  large  &  Promising,  if 
the  spot  keeps  from  it,  it  will  be  fine  tobQ  Peters  new  ground 
at  the  folly  makes  a  poor  Appearance,  it  is  not  the  fault  of  the 
ground  it  being  Exceeding  good,  nor  Can  I  think  it  owing  to 
the  want  of  Rain,  as  the  weather  has  been  more  than  Commonly 
seasonable.  Our  Corn  in  Generall  looks  well,  Here  all  the 
Fields  are  very  Clean.  You  Remember  Mr  W:  Dulany  gave 
you  some  Ears  of  Indian  Corn.  I  have  Planted  Here  &  at 
Suckys  no  other,  it  is  in  my  opinion  a  very  Valuable  Corn, 
it  is  now  allmost  all  short,  Many  Ears  on  a  stalk  &  very  large 
the  other  Corn  is  now  only  Beginning  to  shoot:  I  noted  some 
of  W :  D8  Corn  shooting  the  8th  of  July,  by  being  so  f arward  it 
will  not  be  Subject  to  be  frost  bitten,  the  Fodder  will  Escape 
the  same  Evill,  wh  things  alone  should  Induce  all  in  these  parts 
especially,  to  Cultivate  it.  Our  Hay  Harvest  Here  is  over  it 
is  a  great  Crop,  more  than  Double  to  what  we  had  last  year  & 
very  good.  The  Rivers  &  Springs  are  very  low  &  without  a 
Heavy  &  lasting  Rain  My  Mills  will  not  be  able  to  Grind  for 
my  People.  As  soon  as  we  Have  a  Flush  of  Water  I  Have 
ordered  Flour  to  be  ground  for  you  &  let  me  know  when  you 
will  want  it.  Pray  go  with  Timothy  to  Mr  Ridouts  study,  & 
desire  the  favour  of  Mr  Ridout  to  shew  Him  How  His  stove  is 
Constructed  to  try  to  make  Timothy  understand  it,  so  th*  He 
may  build  such  in  my  new  Work  House  &  Else  where.     When 


will  you  Have  done  with  Timothy  ?  How  do  the  Stone  Cutters 
go  on  ?  Upon  Reflection  I  Cannot  go  to  the  Baristers  on  Satur- 
day, Having  appointed  Jos:  Johnson  to  be  Here  the  13th  I 
Hope  all  our  Friends  in  Towne  are  well  my  Compliments  to  all 
who  Enquire  after  me.  My  love  &  Blessing  to  you  &  Molly, 
God  grant  you  Both  Health  &  Happiness — I  am  Dr  Charley. 

Yr  Mo :  Afft  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 

P.  S.  Pray  do  not  forget  to  send  me  my  woven  Cloath 
Coloured  silk  Britches. 

Ask  Mr  Johnson  whether  He  Has  obtained  a  Judgement  ag* 
Jos.  Hall  in  the  County  Court,  if  not  when  I  may  Expect  it — 

Aug.    12th   1770         [136] 
Dr  Charley, 

I  Have  yrs  of  yesterday  by  Mr  Currie  with  the  News  Papers, 
Tob°  sels  Here  as  I  wrote  to  you  from  22/6  to  25/  ster.  pr  C* 
I  am  told  the  Merchants  from  Portobacco  to  Geo :  Towne  inclu- 
sive Entered  into  an  agreement  not  to  give  the  4  pr  C*  upon 
wh  the  Planters  appointed  a  Meeting  at  Bladensburgh  &  signed 
an  Association  not  to  sell  without  the  4  p  Cr  &  Refused  a 
Guinea.  Mr  Macgill  gave  me  this  Ace*  this  day  &  says  He  had 
it  from  a  Gentn  from  Bladensburgh  &  th*  upwards  of  200 
Planters  signed  the  Association.  He  also  told  me  Capn  Rich- 
ardson had  Given  at  the  Head  of  Severn  22/6  &  5/  ster  for 
Cask  for  120  odd  hgds.  I  do  not  approve  of  the  Susquehanna 
stone  for  the  wall  in  the  water,  it  is  true  it  will  at  1st  be 
Cheaper  &  the  work  will  be  sooner  finished,  But  I  am  morally 
Certain  you  will  Have  it  to  do  Over  again,  no  point  you  Can 
make  with  th*  stone  will  prevent  the  Earths  washing  through 
it,  so  th*  I  am  afraid  you  will  be  Penny  wise  &  Pound  foolish. 
I  had  if  necessary  rather  be  10  years  a  doing  it  than  not  do 
it  well  &  I  am  persuaded  it  Cannot  be  well  done  without  stones 
squared  as  we  Proposed.  I  shall  send  you  flour  as  soon  as  we 
have  water  to  grind  it.     Pray  tell  John  the  Barber  I  Have 


sent  Him  6  Razors  by  Mr  Currie  with  the  Napkin  wh  Cover'd 
my  Britches.  I  propose  to  waite  on  Mr  Carroll  on  Tuesday  if 
I  Can  dispatch  Johnson  on  Monday.  I  still  propose  to  see  yon 
about  the  last  of  the  month.  Rachell  is  not  well  she  presents 
Her  love  to  you  &  Molly  so  do  I  with  my  Blessing  wishing  you 
Both  Health  &  Happiness  I  am  Dr  Charley. 

Yr  Mo:  Afft  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 

P.  S.  We  want  Rain  for  our  Corn  tob°  &  Pastures,  the  last 
begin  to  Burn,  a  good  Rain,  in  a  few  days  would  make  me  a 
great  Crop  of  Corn. 

Aug.  17th  1770         [137] 
Dr  Charley, 

This  is  in  Answer  to  yrs  of  the  12th  &  15th  ins*  The  follow- 
ing will  Answer  the  Shop  note  you  wrote  for — July  4:  1770 
Bought  for  Cha:  Carroll  Esqr  By  Mr  Harding  of  Dennis 

13  loaves  of  Double  refined  Sugar  105  lbs.  at  1/6%,    £7 :14 :  7% 

Sundry  dying  Drugs 17 :  9  :  4 

Commissions  5  pr  C* 1 :  5 :  0 

26:  3:11% 

I  am  not  as  much  Surprised  at  what  Shuttleworth  told  you 
as  I  was  at  His  baring  to  be  Called  a  Rascall.  My  Jobbers 
are  not  my  strongest  Hands.  I  send  you  two,  Turky  Tom  Has 
been  used  to  Raising  stone.  By  sparing  these  I  Believe  I 
must  defer  Brick  Making  &  I  shall  want  Bricks  early  in  the 
Spring.  Pray  defer  yr  Stable,  Bricking  in  yr  Garden  or  any 
other  Jobs  untill  you  Have  Compleated  the  stone  Wall  at  the 
Bottom  of  yr  Garden,  it  is  imprudent  to  Have  Many  Irons 
in  the  fire  at  once  some  must  Burn.  I  Cannot  spare  Adam 
Scot  from  Ditching  without  Backwarding  my  meadow  schemes. 
I  allow  Him  2/6  a  day.     I  can  not  get  Hierlings,  tho  I  have 


spoken  to  many  to  look  out  for  them.  I  will  give  Coll  Sharpes 
Gardener  £3  pr  mo:  Computing  26  working  days  to  the  month 
&  I  will  allow  the  man  who  works  with  Him  40/  pr  mo :  if  He 
be  a  good  spades  man  &  I  will  Employ  them  untill  the  frost 
will  Prevent  their  working.  As  you  did  not  know  what  Kout 
Squires  took  I  wish  you  had  as  I  advised  sent  also  downe  the 
Bay  &  th*  by  the  same  opportunities  you  had  sent  fresh  adver- 
tisement8 after  Benja  Daniell  unless  you  know  He  took  snip- 
ing for  Europe.  I  suppose  you  did  not  Care  to  take  the 
trouble  to  do  it.  Mr  Ireland  will  send  yr  Advertisements  to 
Cary  tomorrow,  the  Runs  are  so  high  this  day  th*  there  is  no 
passing  them.  There  was  a  Heavy  Rain  Here  last  Tuesday  wh 
thoroughly  soaked  the  Ground,  it  Rained  Here  the  Best  part 
of  last  night  &  very  Hard  this  morning  from  6  untill  ten 
o'Clock,  the  Elood  was  by  Ace*  very  great  &  Has  Hurt  us 
much  it  has  by  Report  Carryed  away  a  great  Deal  of  the  Dam 
along  the  stone  Mill  Race,  it  Has  Hurt  my  tob°  &  Meadow  at 
Valentines  very  much  &  I  am  afraid  it  has  Drowned  my  meadow 
tob°  at  Sams  ford,  I  speak  by  Report  as  I  Have  not  seen  the 
Damage  done  nor  Can  I  see  it  well  for  the  Water.  Had  this 
Rain  not  happened,  you  would  Have  Had  yr  Flower  next  Tues- 
day, as  it  is  you  shall  Have  it  as  soon  as  possible.  I  Hope 
Molly  is  Better,  Pray  let  me  know  by  Mr  Johnson  He  will 
set  off  for  Frederick  I  suppose  early  on  Sunday  morning,  write 
to  morrow  night  or  Early  on  Sunday  morning,  as  I  send  a  Boy 
&  Horse  to  Frederick  I  Cannot  send  one  to  Annapolis.  Send 
the  News  Papers  by  Mr  Johnson.  God  Bless  you  both.  I  am 
Dr  Charley 

Yr  Mo:  Aff*  Father 

Cha:  Carroll 

Friday  Evening.  Mr  Ireland  is  just  Returned  from  the 
Mill.  He  says  He  thinks  the  Damage  may  be  Repaired  by  all 
my  Hands  in  two  days,  if  so  my  Corn  will  Receive  more  Benefit 
by  the  Rain,  than  the  Amount  of  the  Damage  done  to  my 
Mill  Race. 



[From  transcripts  in  the  Library  of  Congress.] 

St.  James's  October  19th  1763. 
Horatio  Sharpe  Esqr 
Deputy  Governor  of  Maryland 


The  King  having  observed  upon  Perusal  of  the  Dispatches 
lately  received  from  Sir  JefTery  Amherst,  that  upon  His  Appli- 
cation to  you  to  make  some  Provision  for  the  Defence  of  the 
Frontiers  of  Maryland  against  the  Depredations  of  the  hostile 
Indians,  you  had  immediately  furnished  a  Body  of  the  Militia 
with  Arms,  and  ordered  them  on  Service,  not  only  to  protect 
the  Lives  &  Properties  of  the  Back  Settlers,  but  also  to  act 
offensively  against  the  said  Indians,  I  have  His  Majesty's  Com- 
mands to  signify  to  you  His  gracious  Approbation  of  the  zeal 
and  Alacrity  with  which  you  promoted  the  Good  of  His 
Majesty's  Service  upon  this  occasion. 

It  is  with  great  Satisfaction  that  I  acquaint  you  with  this 
His  Majesty's  gracious  Acceptance  of  your  Services;  being  &c'a. 

Dunk  Halifax. 

Endorsed  October  19th  1763/  To  Horatio  Sharpe  Esqr/ 
Deputy  Governor  of  Maryland. 

A  Rout  from  Annapolis  in  Maryland  to  the  several  Parts  of 
that  Province  where  it  might  be  proper  to  settle  Post-Offices. 

From  Annapolis    (where  a  Post  Office  is  already  "1 

kept)   across  the  Bay  of  Cheseapeak  to  the  Ferry  ^12  Miles 

House  on  Kent  Island  J 

From  the  Ferry  House  on  Kent  Island  to  Queen's  1         „., 
Town  in  Queen  Ann  County 



Thence  down  the  Peninsula  or  Eastern  Part  of 
Maryland  to  Talbot  County  Court  House 

Thence  to  a  small  Town  called  Vienna  on  Nanti- 
coke  River  &  in  Dorchester  County 

Thence  to  Princess  Ann  Town  in  Somerset  County 

Thence  to  Snow  Hill  a  little  Town  in  Worcester 
County  which  is  the  most  southern  Part  of  Mary- 
land &  joins  Accomack  County  in  Virginia 

And  from  Queens  Town  abovementioned  North- 
wards to  Chester  Town  in  Kent  County 

Thence  to  Frederick  Town  in  Cecil  County  thro 
which  lies  the  Road  to  Newcastle  on  Delaware 

In  that  Part  of  Maryland  which  lies  on  the  West 
side  of  Cheseapeak  Bay  Post  Offices  may  be  kept  at 
the  following  Places  viz. 

At  Baltimore  Town  which  lies  Northward  of  An- 
napolis on  the  high  Road  to  York  in  Pennsylvania 
&  also  to  Philadelphia  being  distant  from  An- 

From  Baltimore  to  Bush  Town  on  the  same  Road 

Thence  to  Charles  Town  at  the  Head  of  Cheseapeak  1 
Bay  &  in  the  Road  to  Philadelphia  J 

And  from  Annapolis  southwestward  to  Upper  Marl- 
bro in  Prince  Georges  County 

Thence  Eastward  to  Lower  Marlbro  in  Calvert 

And  from  Upper  Marlbro  southward  to  Port  To- 
bacco in  Charles  County 

Thence  south  Eastward  to  Leonard  Town  in  St. 
Mary's  County 

20  Miles 

30  Miles 
26  Miles 

24  Miles 

23  Miles 
18  Miles 

30  Miles 

26  Miles 
19  Miles 

22  Miles 

15  Miles 

30  Miles 

35  Miles 


And   from   Upper   Marlbro  Westward  to   George  1 

Town  which  is  on  Potowmack  River  opposite  to   r  26  Miles 

Alexandria  in  Virginia  J 

Thence  Northwestward  to  Frederick  Town  in  Fred-  3 

erick  County  thro  which  lies  the  Road  to  Fort  Cum-   r  45  Miles 

land  &  Pittsburg  J 

Endorsed  In  Dep*y  Govr  Sharpe's  of  the/20th  Octr   1764/- 

Oct.  26,  1764 

An  Account  of  All  Instruments  made  use  of  in  Publick  Trans- 
actions Law  Proceedings,  Grants  Conveyances  securities  of 
Land  or  Money  within  the  Province  of  Maryland. 

Commissions  granted  by  the  Lord  Proprietary  under  the 
Great  Seal  of  the  Province  appointing  the  following  Judicial 
Officers  viz — The  Chancellor,  Provincial  Justices  or  Judges  of 
the  Provincial  Court,  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Vice  Admiralty 
by  Commissary  General  or  Judge  of  the  Prerogative  Court  Jus- 
tices of  the  Peace  &  Judge  of  His  Lordships  Land  Office. 

Commissions  granted  by  The  Lord  Proprietary  or  His  Lieu- 
tenant Governor  under  the  Great  Seal  appointing  the  following 
Ministerial  Officers  viz — The  Secretary,  Two  Treasurers,  At- 
torney General,  Sheriffs  of  the  Fourteen  Counties  &  Coroners. 

Commissions  granted  by  The  Lord  Proprietary  or  His  Lieu- 
tenant Governor  (not  under  the  Great  Seal)  appointing  a  Sur- 
veyor General  &  five  Naval  Officers.  Commissions  from  the 
Secretary  appointing  a  Register  of  the  Chancery  &  Clerk  of  the 
Provincial  Court,  Clerks  of  the  several  County  Courts  &  No- 
taries Publick.  Commissions  from  the  Judge  of  the  Vice  Ad- 
miralty Court  appointing  a  Register  &  Marshall. 

Deputations  from  the  Commissary  General  appointing  a 
Register  of  his  Office  &  Deputy  Commissaries  in  the  several 

Deputations  from  the  Surveyor  General  appointing  a  Land 
Surveyor  in  each  County. 


Inductions  from  the  Lord  Proprietary  or  his  Lieutenant 
Governor  to  the  Hectors  of  Parishes — Marriage  Lycences,  War- 
rants from  the  Lieutenant  Governor  appointing  Inspectors  of 
Tobacco  in  different  parts  of  the  Province.  Bonds  conditioned 
for  the  just  &  faithful  performance  of  their  Duty  given  by  the 
several  Ministerial  Officers  &  their  Deputies  or  Clerks. 

Registers  granted  for  Ships  &  other  Vessels,  Charter  Parties, 
Bills  of  Sale,  Protests  &  other  Notarial  Acts. 

The  Method  of  Conveying  Land  in  this  Province  is  by  Let- 
ters Patent  from  the  Lord  Proprietary  under  the  Great  Seal 
&  afterwards  from  One  Party  to  another  by  the  same  Deeds 
made  use  of  in  England  by  Writs  of  Covenant,  Writs  of  Entry 
sur  Disseisin  en  le  Past  issued  out  of  the  Court  of  Chancery 
&  made  returnable  before  the  Provincial  Court,  whereon  Fines 
are  levied  &  Common  Recoveries  are  suffered  with  proper  Deeds 
(if  required  &  necessary)  declaring  the  uses  of  such  Fines  & 
Recoveries,  by  Deeds  of  Feoffment,  of  Bargain  &  Sale,  of 
Leases,  Lease  &  Release,  Exchange,  Surrender,  Confirmation  & 
Grant,  but  the  most  common  Deeds  in  use  are  Those  of  Bargain 
&  Sale  &  Lease  &  Release;  Mortgages  of  Lands  &  Chattels  & 
Deeds  containing  all  sorts  of  Covenants  &  Conditions,  Powers  of 
Attorney,  Bonds,  Penal  &  single  Bills,  Orders  for  Payment  of 
Money,  Promissory  Notes.  As  to  the  Proceedings  in  our  sev- 
eral Courts  they  are  founded  upon  the  Laws  of  England  &  are 
similar  to  those  of  the  English  Courts  of  a  like  Nature  with 
them.    Our  Courts  are — 

The  Chancery  Court,  The  Provincial  Court,  The  County 
Courts,  The  Court  of  Appeals,  The  Prerogative  or  Commissary 
Court,  &  the  Court  of  Vice  Admiralty. 

The  Chancery  Court  exercises  the  same  power  in  Matters  of 
an  Equitable  Nature  in  Maryland  as  the  Chancery  Court  in 
England  does  in  Cases  of  the  like  Nature  there,  &  our  Mode  of 
Proceeding  is  by  Way  of  Bill,  Subpoena,  Answer,  Pleas,  Repli- 
cation &  Rejoinder  where  necessary.  It  grants  Commissions 
to  Commissioners  to  take  Depositions  of  Witnesses.  It  makes 
Decrees  final  or  Interlocutory  &  executes  those  Decrees  by  At- 
tachment or  Sequestration.    It  issues  Injunctions  to  stay  Waste, 


to  stay  Execution  on  Judgments  when  Bond  &  Security  are 
lodged.  It  issues  Proclamations  of  Rebellion  &  sequestrations ; 
This  Court  issues  all  Original  Writs  where  the  Practice  of 
Courts  or  the  Laws  of  the  Province  have  not  taken  them  away, 
&  there  is  no  Writ  in  the  Register  of  Writs  but  what  if  neces- 
sary to  be  sued  out  might  be  sued  out  in  some  or  other  of  the 
Courts  in  this  Province. 

The  Provincial  Court  holds  Pleas  in  all  Actions  by  Original 
Writ  issued  by  their  Clerks  out  of  his  Office  called  the  Pro- 
vincial Office  for  all  Sums  of  Money  &  Tobacco  above  Twenty 
pounds  sterling  or  Five  Thousand  Pounds  of  Tobacco.  It  holds 
pleas  of  Land  by  Way  of  Droitural  or  Possessory  Actions  & 
punishes  all  Offences  against  the  Publick  Peace.  The  Proceed- 
ing in  Civil  Actions  is  by  Writ  of  Capias  ad  Respondendum, 
Declarations,  Pleas  in  Abatement  or  Bar,  Replications  &  Re- 
joinders Surrejoinders,  Rebutters  &  surrebutters  &  Demurrers; 
The  Court  gives  Judgments  final  or  Interlocutory,  which  it  ex- 
ecutes by  Capias  ad  satisfaciendum,  fieri  Facias  against  the 
Chatties,  &  in  case  they  are  not  sold  a  Venditioni  exponas  is- 
sues. Its  Interlocutory  Judgments  are  made  final  by  Writ  of 
Enquiry  &  Judgments  are  revived  by  scire  Eacias.  From  this 
Court  also  issue  Writs  of  Habeas  Corpus  &  Certiorari  for  sums 
of  Money  above  Eifty  Pounds  sterling  or  Ten  Thousand  Pounds 
of  Tobacco  an  Appeal  lies  from  the  Judgment  of  this  Court  to 
the  Court  of  Appeals.  The  Clerk  makes  an  Entry  of  the  Pro- 
ceedings &  Records  them  in  his  Books  of  Office.  In  Criminal 
Matters  the  Proceeding  is  by  Way  of  Presentment  Indictment 
&  Information.  The  County  Courts  have  the  same  Power  & 
make  use  of  the  same  Modes  of  Proceeding  as  the  Provincial 
Court  in  all  Actions  above  Fifty  shillings  Current  Money,  or 
six  hundred  Pounds  of  Tobacco,  &  under  One  hundred  pounds 
sterling  &  Thirty  thousand  Pounds  of  Tobacco.  Their  Judg- 
ment in  all  Actions  above  six  pounds  sterling  &  Twelve  hundred 
pounds  of  Tobacco  are  subject  to  Examination  in  the  Provincial 
Court  by  Way  of  Appeal  or  Writ  of  Error. 

The  Court  of  Appeals  (consisting  of  the  Governor  &  Council) 
has  a  power  of  examining  into  &  correcting  the  Errors  of  the 


provincial  Court  for  sums  of  Money  above  Fifty  Pounds  ster- 
ling or  Ten  Thousand  Pounds  of  Tobacco;  &  also  of  the  De- 
crees of  the  Court  of  Chancery — 

The  Prerogative  or  Commissary's  Court  being  a  Court  pe- 
culiarly appointed  by  Law  to  prove  Wills  grant  Letters  Testa- 
mentary &  of  Administration  has  a  power  of  calling  Executors 
&  Administrators  before  it,  in  order  to  make  up  the  Accounts  of 
Deceased  Persons  Estates,  &  also  to  compel  Distributions  & 
oblige  Executors  to  assent  to  Legacies.  The  Mode  of  Proceed- 
ing is  by  Libel,  Citation,  Answer,  Replication,  Commission  to 
examine  Witnesses.  It  gives  sentence  &  makes  Orders  which 
are  executed  by  Way  of  Attachment.  From  the  sentence  of 
the  Commissary  an  Appeal  lies  to  the  Governor  who  might 
himself  determine  the  Matter  or  appoint  a  Court  of  Delegates 
to  determine  it. 

The  Court  of  Vice  Admiralty  has  Conusance  of  all  Matters  of 
a  Marine  Nature  &  in  that  Court  seizures  of  ships  &  Goods  are 
determined.  The  proceeding  is  by  Way  of  Libel  or  Informa- 
tion Warrant  Answer  &  Republication,  Commission  to  examine 
Witnesses  if  necessary,  sentence  which  is  executed  by  the 

In  our  Courts  Law  Attachments  are  issued  against  the  Ef- 
fects of  Defendants  where  two  Writs  have  been  returned  Non 
Est.  The  Attachment  is  founded  on  the  Judgment  of  the 
Court  on  the  Plaintiffs  Cause  of  Action  &  if  the  Defendant  does 
not  appear  at  the  Return  of  the  Attachment  &  contest  the  Merits 
of  the  action.  The  Goods  attached  are  sold  for  the  use  of  the 
Plaintiff  &  where  a  Debtor  lives  out  of  the  Province  the  Plain- 
tiff issues  a  Writ  against  him,  together  with  a  short  Note  ex- 
pressing the  Cause  of  Action  which  is  left  with  the  Defendant's 
Attorney  in  fact  (if  he  has  one)  or  at  his  last  place  of  Abode, 
&  on  Return  of  that  Writ  Eon  Est  The  Court  gives  Judgment 
on  the  Cause  of  Action  for  an  Attachment,  on  which  there  is 
the  same  Mode  pursued  as  before  mentioned. 

By  Act  of  Assembly  of  this  Province  Encouragement  is  given 
to  build  Water  Mills  &  erect  Iron  Works  &  in  order  to  secure 


Lands  convenient  for  that  Purpose  the  Person  inclined  to  build 
sues  out  of  the  Court  of  Chancery  a  Writ  of  Ad  Quod  Damnum 
directed  to  the  sheriff  of  the  County  where  such  Land  lies  re- 
quiring him  to  summon  a  jury  &  return  an  Inquisition,  upon 
which  if  there  is  no  Objection  &  the  Owner  of  the  Land  refuses 
to  build,  the  Court  of  Chancery  will  grant  a  Lease  to  the  Party 
applying  for  the  same,  upon  his  giving  Bond  with  condition 
that  he  shall  build  within  a  limited  time.  Bonds  are  also  taken 
&  lodged  in  the  Court  of  Chancery  upon  issuing  an  Injunction 
to  stay  Execution  on  a  Judgment,  likewise  in  Writs  of  Re- 
plevin &  on  granting  Appeals  &  Writs  of  Error. 

In  order  to  make  the  Proceedings  of  one  Court  Evidence 
in  Another  it  is  necessary  to  have  a  Certificate  of  the  Pro- 
ceedings signed  by  the  Clerk  of  the  Court  &  under  the  Court's 
Seal.  And  to  make  the  Proceedings  of  our  Courts  Evidence 
in  other  Countries  it  is  necessary  to  have  the  Certificate  of  the 
Governor  with  the  Great  Seal  of  the  Province  affixed. 

St.  James's  June  8th  1765 
Horatio  Sharpe  Esqr 
Depy  Governor  of 


The  Lords  Commissioners  of  his  Majesty's  Treasury,  having 
communicated  to  me  the  Extract  of  a  Letter  received  by  the 
Commissioners  of  the  Customs  from  Mr  Heron,  Collector  of 
Pocomoke  in  the  Province  of  Maryland,  I  herewith  transmit 
for  your  Information,  a  Copy  of  the  said  Extract,  &  am  to  ex- 
press to  you  His  Majesty's  Expectation  that  upon  this  &  every 
other  Occasion  you  will  zealously  exert  every  lawful  Means  in 
your  Power  for  the  Protection  of  Officers  of  the  Revenue. 

I  am  &ca 

Dunk  Halifax 

Endorsed  June  8th  1765  |  To  Horatio  Sharpe  Esqr  |  Dep^ 
Governor  of  |  Maryland. 


[Kobert  Lloyd1  to  Charles   Garth2] 

Maryland  24  June  1768 

The  House  of  Delegates  of  this  Province  impressed  with  a 
just  sense  of  their  natural  Rights  and  considering  attentively 
the  fatal  Consequences  that  may  hereafter  flow  from  the  Op- 
eration of  the  late  Acts  of  Parliament  imposing  Taxes  on  the 
People  of  America  for  the  Sole  Purpose  of  raising  a  Revenue, 
have  thought  it  absolutely  necessary  to  Petition  the  Throne; 
and  for  that  Purpose  have  prepared  a  Petition  to  be  presented 
to  his  Majesty  on  Behalf  of  the  Province. 

The  high  Opinion  they  entertain  of  your  Integrity,  and  of 
your  regard  to  the  Rights  of  America  left  them  no  Room  to 
hesitate  in  directing  me  to  transmit  to  you  the  Petition. 

I  now  enclose  it  to  you  and  in  their  Name  request  that  you 
will  take  the  most  proper  Steps  to  have  it  presented. 

As  our  Committee  of  Correspondence  write  you  on  this,  as 
well  as  on  other  Matters,  I  beg  leave  to  refer  to  their  Letter 
and  am  with  much  Esteem 

Sr  Your  most  Hble  Serv* 

Rob*  Lloyd,  Speaker 

Endorsed,  Maryland  24th  June  1768  Mr  Rob*  Lloyd  Speak- 
er of  the  House  of  Burgesses. 

A   Petition   to   the  King's   most   excellent 
Most  gracious  Sovereign, 

Your  Majesty's  most  dutiful  and  loyal  Subjects  the  Repre- 
sentatives of  the  Freemen  of  your  Province  of  Maryland,  happy 
in  their  Allegiance  to  the  best  of  Kings,  and  warm  in  Affection 

1  Robert  Lloyd,  1712-1770;  Justice  for  A.  A.  Co.,  1740-45,  1747-51,  1754- 
55,  and  Presiding  Justice  from  1749;  Member  of  Assembly  for  Talbot  Co., 
1738-51  and  for  A.  A.  Co.,  1754-60,  1762-70,  and  Speaker  of  the  House, 
1765-1770.     See  Md.  Hist.  Mag.,  vxi,  427. 

2  See  Md.  Hist.  Mag.,  vi,  282. 



and  Attachment  to  your  sacred  person  and  Government;  with 
all  Humility  beg  Leave  to  approach  the  Throne  and  supplicate 
your  Majesty,  ever  graciously  inclined  to  hear  the  just  Com- 
plaints of  your  most  remote  Subjects. 

Your  Majesty's  People  of  this  Province,  conceive  it  a  fixed 
and  unalterable  Principle  in  the  Nature  of  Things  and  a  part 
of  the  very  Idea  of  Property;  That  whatever  a  man  hath 
honestly  acquired,  cannot  be  taken  from  him  without  his  Con- 
sent: this  immutable  Principle,  they  humbly  apprehend,  is 
happily  ingrafted  as  a  Fundamental  into  the  English  Consti- 
tution, and  is  fully  declared  by  Magna  Charta  and  by  the  Pe- 
tition and  Bill  of  Rights.  Hence  it  is  that  your  Majesty's  most 
distant  Subjects,  are  justly  entitled  to  all  the  Rights,  Liberties, 
Privileges  and  Immunities,  of  your  Subjects  born  within  the 
Kingdom  of  England.  Under  this  Idea,  your  Majesty's  Royal 
Predecessor  King  Charles  the  first,  by  his  Charter  of  this 
Province  did  grant  as  follows,  "  We  will  also,  and  of  our  more 
abundant  Grace,  for  us,  our  Heirs  and  Successors,  do  firmly 
charge,  constitute,  ordain  and  command,  that  the  said  Province 
•be  of  our  Allegiance ;  and  that  all  and  singular  the  Subjects  and 
Liege  Men  of  us,  our  Heirs  and  Successors,  transplanted,  or  here- 
after to  be  transplanted  into  the  province  aforesaid,  and  the 
Children  of  them,  and  of  others  their  Descendants  whether  al- 
ready born  there,  or  hereafter  to  be  born,  be  and  shall  be  natives 
and  Liege  Men  of  us,  our  Heirs  and  Successors,  of  our  Kingdom 
of  England  and  Ireland ;  and  in  all  Things  shall  be  held ;  treat- 
ed, reputed  and  esteemed  as  the  faithful  Liege  Men  of  us,  and 
our  Heirs  and  Successors  born  within  our  Kingdom  of  England ; 
also  Lands,  Tenements,  Revenues,  Services,  and  other  Heredi- 
taments whatsoever,  within  our  Kingdom  of  England,  and 
other  our  Dominions,  to  inherit,  or  otherwise  purchase,  receive, 
take,  have,  hold,  buy  and  possess,  and  the  same  to  use  and  en- 
joy, and  the  same  to  give,  sell,  alien  and  bequeath;  and  like- 
wise all  Privileges,  Franchises  and  Liberties  of  this  our  King- 
dom of  England,  freely,  quietly  and  peaceably  to  have  and 
possess,  and  the  same  may  use  and  enjoy  in  the  same  Manner 


as  our  Liege-Men  born,  or  to  be  born  within  our  said  King- 
dom of  England  without  Impediment,  Molestation,  Vexation, 
Impeachment  or  Grievance  of  us  or  any  of  our  Heirs  or  Suc- 
cessors; any  Statute,  Act,  Ordinance  or  Provision  to  the  Con- 
trary thereof  notwithstanding." 

"  And  further  we  will,  and  do,  by  these  presents  for  us,  our 
Heirs  and  Successors,  covenant  and  grant  to,  and  with  the 
aforesaid  now  Baron  of  Baltimore,  his  Heirs  and  Assigns, 
that  we,  our  Heirs  and  Successors,  at  no  Time  hereafter,  will 
impose,  or  make  or  cause  to  be  imposed,  any  Impositions, 
Customs  or  other  Taxations  Quotas  or  Contributions  whatso- 
ever, in  or  upon  the  Residents  or  Inhabitants  of  the  Province 
aforesaid  for  their  Goods,  Lands  or  Tenements  within  the 
same  Province,  or  upon  any  Tenements,  Lands,  Goods  or 
Chattels,  within  the  Province  aforesaid,  or  in  or  upon  any 
Goods  or  Merchandizes  within  the  province  aforesaid,  or  with- 
in the  Ports  or  Harbours  of  the  said  Province,  to  be  laden  or 
unladen:  And  we  will,  and  do,  for  us,  our  Heirs  and  Suc- 
cessors, enjoin  and  command  that  this  our  Declaration  shall, 
from  Time  to  Time,  be  received  and  allowed  in  all  our  Courts 
and  Pretorian  Judicatories,  and  before  all  the  Judges  whatso- 
ever of  us,  our  Heirs  and  Successors,  for  a  sufficient  and  law- 
ful Discharge,  Payment,  and  Acquittance  thereof  charging  all 
and  singular  the  Officers  and  Ministers  of  us,  our  Heirs  and 
Successors,  and  enjoining  them,  under  our  heavy  Displeasure, 
that  they  do  not  at  any  Time  presume  to  attempt  any  Thing  to 
the  Contrary  of  the  Premisses,  or  that  may  in  any  wise  con- 
travene the  same,  but  that  they,  at  all  Times  as  is  fitting,  do 
aid  and  assist  the  aforesaid  now  Baron  of  Baltimore,  and  his 
Heirs,  and  the  aforesaid  Inhabitants  and  Merchants  of  the 
Province  of  Maryland  aforesaid,  and  their  Servants  and  Min- 
isters, Factors  and  Assigns,  in  the  fullest  Use  and  Enjoyment 
of  this  our  Charter." 

Our  Ancestors  firmly  relying  on  the  Royal  Promise,  and  upon 
these  plain  and  express  Declarations,  of  their  inherent,  natural 
and  constitutional  Rights,  at  the  Hazard  of  their  Lives  and 


Fortunes,  transported  themselves  and  Families  to  this  Country, 
then  scarcely  known,  and  inhabited  only  by  Savages :  the  Pros- 
pect of  a  full  and  peaceable  Enjoyment  of  their  Liberties  and 
Properties  softened  their  Toils  and  strengthened  them  to  over- 
come innumerable  Difficulties. 

Heaven  prospered  their  Endeavours,  and  has  given  to  your 
Majesty,  a  considerable  Increase  of  faithful  Subjects,  improv- 
ed the  Trade,  and  added  Riches  to  the  Mother-Country.  Thus 
happy  in  the  Enjoyment  of  the  Eights  and  Privileges  of 
natural-born  Subjects,  have  they  and  their  Posterity  lived,  and 
been  treated  as  Freemen ;  and  thus  hath  the  great  fundamental 
Principle  of  the  Constitution,  that  no  man  shall  be  taxed  but 
with  his  own  consent,  given  by  himself,  or  by  his  Representa- 
tive, been  ever  extended,  and  preserved  inviolate  in  this  remote 
Part  of  your  Majesty's  Dominion,  until  questioned  lately  by 
your  Parliament. 

It  is  therefore  with  the  deepest  Sorrow,  may  it  please  your 
most  excellent  Majesty,  that  we  now  approach  the  Throne  on 
Behalf  of  your  faithful  Subjects  of  this  Province,  with  all 
Humility  to  represent  to  your  Majesty,  That  by  several  statutes 
lately  enacted  in  the  Parliament  of  Great  Britain,  by  which 
sundry  Rates  and  Duties  are  to  be  raised  and  collected  within 
your  Majesty's  Colonies  in  America,  for  the  sole  and  express 
purpose  of  raising  a  Revenue;  this  great  fundamental  Princi- 
ple of  the  Constitution,  is  in  our  Apprehension  infringed.  The 
People  of  this  Province,  Royal  Sire,  are  not  in  any  manner, 
nor  can  they  ever  possibly  be  effectually  represented  in  the 
British  Parliament;  while  therefore  your  Majesty's  Commons 
of  Great  Britain,  continue  to  give  and  grant  the  property  of 
the  People  in  America,  your  faithful  Subjects,  of  this  and 
every  other  Colony,  must  be  deprived  of  the  most  invaluable 
Privilege,  the  power  of  granting  their  own  money ;  and  of  every 
Opportunity  of  manifesting  by  chearful  Aids,  their  Attach- 
ment to  their  King  and  zeal  for  his  Service,  they  must  be  cut 
off  from  all  Intercourse  with  their  Sovereign  and  expect  not  to 
hear  of  the  Royal  Approbation,  they  must  submit  to  the  Power 


of  the  Commons  of  Great  Britain,  and  precluded  the  Blessings, 
shall  scarcely  retain  the  name  of  Freedom. 

May  we  then  most  gracions  Sovereign,  he  permitted,  hum- 
bly to  implore  your  tender  Consideration  of  this  unhappy  Cir- 
cumstance of  your  American  People :  May  we  pray  that  your 
Majesty  will  extend,  to  your  faithful  People  of  Maryland, 
that  paternal  Kegard  which  your  Majesty  hath  so  invariably 
shewn  to  the  just  Eights  of  all  your  Subjects;  and  be  graciously 
pleased  to  grant  them  such  Relief  as  to  your  Majesty's  Wisdom 
and  Justice  shall  seem  meet. 

On  Behalf  and  by  Order  of  the  House  of  Delegates. 

Rob*  Lloyd,  Speaker 
sent  home 
24  June  1768 

Endorsed,  Petition  to  His  Majesty/  from  the  Assembly  of 
Maryland/    (R.  28th  September)    G./  W./  K/ 

Devizes  Oct.  1st  1768 
My  Lord, 

A  Letter  this  morning  received  from  Mr  Montagu,  of  whom 
I  beg'd  the  Favour  to  deliver  to  your  Lordship  a  Petition  to 
His  Majesty  from  the  House  of  Delegates  of  Maryland  which 
had  been  transmitted  to  me  by  their  Speaker,  occasions  my 
troubling  your  Lordship  with  this  Letter  to  acquaint  your  Lord- 
ship that  having  been  nominated  by  the  House  of  Delegates 
their  Agent  to  conduct  before  his  Majesty  in  Council  a  Dis- 
pute subsisting  between  the  Lord  Proprietary  &  People  of  the 
Province  of  Maryland,  and  also  to  endeavor  the  procuring  Relief 
at  Home  against  the  Oppression  of  repeated  Refusals  to  Bills 
sent  up  to  the  Upper  House  for  the  Appointment  of  an  Agent 
in  Great  Britain  I  have  in  that  Character  for  some  time  past 
corresponded  with  the  House  of  Delegates.  A  Bill  for  the  Ap- 
pointment of  a  publick  Agent  was  sent  up  this  last  Sessions 
and  again  refus'd,  that  the  Province  of  Maryland  have  now  no 
established  publick  Agent. 


A  Letter  from  the  Speaker  to  me  accompanied  the  Petition 
which  I  enclose  for  your  Lordships  Perusal  as  a  Mark  of  the 
Authenticity  of  the  Petition;  in  Complyance  with  the  Request 
therein  I  desir'd  my  Friend  Mr  Montagu  wd  wait  upon  your 
Lordship  with  the  Petition  apprehending  it  a  proper  step  for 
me  to  take  that  the  same  may  be  presented  to  His  Majesty,  it 
not  being  in  my  Power  at  that  time  to  attend  in  Person  upon 
your  Lordship. 

I  have  the  Honour  to  be 
My  Lord, 
Your  Lordship's 

Most  obedient 
&  most  humble  Serv* 

Chas  Garth 
Endorsed  Be  Vizes  Oct1*  1st,  1768  Mr  Garth  Maryland 

Gentlemen  of  the  Lower  House  of  Assembly — 

The  King  Our  most  gracious  Sovereign  having  been  informed 
that  a  Circular  Letter  a  Copy  of  which  hath  been  communicated 
to  His  Ministers,  was  in  February  last  sent  by  the  Speaker  of 
the  House  of  Representatives  of  the  Colony  of  Massachusetts 
to  the  Speakers  of  other  Houses  of  Assembly  in  North  America, 
hath  been  pleased  to  order  it  to  be  signified  to  me,  that  He  con- 
siders such  Measure  to  be  of  a  most  dangerous  &  factious 
Tendency  calculated  to  inflame  the  Minds  of  his  good  Subjects 
in  the  Colonies,  to  promote  an  unwarrantable  Combination  to 
excite  &  encourage  an  open  Opposition  to  &  Denial  of  the  Au- 
thority of  Parliament  &  to  subvert  the  true  Principles  of  the 
Constitution;  but  while  I  notify  to  you  His  Majestys  Senti- 
ments with  respect  to  this  matter,  I  am  also  to  tell  you  that  the 
repeated  Proofs  which  have  been  given  by  the  Assembly  of 
this  Province,  of  their  Reverence  &  Respect  for  the  Laws,  & 
of  their  faithful  Attachment  to  the  Constitution,  leave  little 
Room  for  His  Majesty  to  doubt  of  their  shewing  a  proper  Re- 
sentment of  such  unjustifiable  Attempt  to  revive  those  Distrac- 
tions which  have  operated  so  fatally  to  the  prejudice  of  both  the 


Colonies  &  the  Mother  Country ;  &  I  natter  myself  that  in  case 
such  Letter  has  been  addressed  to  the  Speaker  of  Your 
House/  You  will  confirm  the  favourable  Opinion  His  Majesty 
at  present  entertains  of  His  Maryland  Subjects  by  taking  no 
notice  of  such  Letter  which  will  be  treating  it  with  the  Contempt 
it  deserves — 

Hor°  Sharpe 
June  20,  1768 

Endorsed  Governor  Sharpe's  Message/  to  the  Lower  House 
of  Assembly/  of  Maryland,  20  June  1768  In  his  Letter  (K°  5) 
of  22nd  June  1768. 


[Additions  and  Corrections.] 

Stephen  Decatur,  1779-1820. 

The  reference  to  Loubat,  on  page  214,  should  read,  plate 
xxvin,  text  163. 

The  following  honors  conferred  on  Decatur  are  worthy  of  be- 
ing included  here  as  a  matter  of  record : 

The  citizens  of  Philadelphia,  among  whom  he  spent  the  most 
of  his  early  years,  in  1813,  presented  him  with  an  elegant  sword 
of  solid  gold.  It  is  about  thirty-six  inches  in  length,  weighs  21 
oz.  10  pwt.  and  was  made  by  Philip  Hartman  for  $700.  It  is 
superbly  wrought  and  is  enriched  with  various  emblematick 
figures  in  reference  to  the  United  States  of  America ;  the  burn- 
ing of  the  frigate,  Philadelphia,  in  the  harbour  of  Tripoli ;  and 
the  conquering  of  his  Brittanick  majesty's  frigate,  Macedonia. 
On  the  hilt  is  this  inscription: 

Our  Children 
Are  our  country's  Property. 


on  the  blade: 

Presented  by  the  City  of 


to  Stephen  Decatur. 

The  legislature  of  Virginia  complimented  him  with  a  valuable 
sword  in  testimony  of  regard  for  his  talents  and  the  essential 
service  he  rendered  his  country  by  that  brilliant  conquest. 

The  commonwealth  of  Pennsylvania  granted  a  similar  token 
of  esteem  for  her  distinguished  citizen.  It  is  a  gold  mounted 
sword  of  American  manufacture,  made,  with  exquisite  taste, 
under  the  direction  of  Liberty  Browne.  On  one  side  of  the 
blade  is  a  representation  of  the  frigates  United  States  and 
Macedonia,  in  action,  the  arms  of  Pennsylvania,  and  Fame 
crowning  her  hero  with  a  wreath  of  laurel.  On  the  reverse  is 
the  following  inscription : 

Presented   by  the   Commonwealth   of  Pennsylvania. 

Simon  Snyder,  Gov. 


The  corporation  of  New  York  presented  him  with  the  free- 
dom of  the  city,  accompanied  with  a  golden  box,  on  which  were 
suitable  and  elegant  engravings. 

John  Trippe,  c.  1784-1810. 

[Supplementing  record  on  page  250.] 
John  Trippe,  son  of  William  Trippe  and  Mary  [Noel] 
Trippe,  was  born  in  Dorchester  county,  Maryland,  about  1784. 
What  is  known  of  him  comes  almost  entirely  from  the  records 
of  the  Navy  Department:  Warranted  Midshipman,  April  15, 
1799 ;  entered  service  on  board  the  frigate  United  States,  April 
16,  1799  ;  appointed  Sailing  Master  of  the  schooner  Vixen,  then 
building  at  Baltimore,  May  6,  1803;  appointed  First  Lieuten- 
ant of  the  Vixen,  May  15,  1804;  in  command  of  gunboat  No.  6, 
in  the  attack  on  the  Tripolitan  gunboats  and  forts,  August  23, 
1804;  commissioned  Lieutenant,  Jan.  9,  1807;  ordered  to  the 
command  of  the  Enterprise,  Jan.  23,  1809 ;  ordered  to  the  com- 


mand  of  the  Vixen,  April  26,  1810;  died  of  yellow  fever  off 
Havana,  where  he  had  been  sent  to  protect  American  commerce 
against  French  and  English  cruisers  and  the  pirates  that  in- 
fested the  Gulf  of  Mexico,  July  9,  1810. 

Congress  voted  him  one  of  the  gold  medals  struck  for  Com- 
modore Preble  and  his  officers,  which  is  described  and  illustrat- 
ed in  Lovbat,  pi.  xxiv,  text  135.  This  medal  is  now  in  the 
possession  of  Gen.  Andrew  C.  Trippe. 

Under  date  of  September  18th,  1804,  Commodore  Preble 
reported  to  the  Secretary  of  the  Navy : 

"  Lieutenant  Trippe,  of  the  Vixen,  in  [gunboat]  No.  6,  ran 
alongside  of  one  of  the  enemy's  large  boats,  which  he  boarded 
with  only  Midshipman  John  Henley  and  nine  men,  his  boat 
falling  off  before  any  more  could  get  on  board;  thus  was  he 
left,  compelled  to  conquer  or  perish,  with  the  odds  thirty-six  to 
eleven.  The  Turks  could  not  withstand  the  ardor  of  this  brave 
officer  and  his  assistants;  in  a  few  minutes  the  decks  were 
cleared,  and  her  colors  hauled  down.  On  board  of  this  boat 
fourteen  of  the  enemy  were  killed,  and  twenty-two  made  prison- 
ers, seven  of  which  were  badly  wounded.  The  rest  of  their 
boats  retreated  within  the  rocks.  Lieutenant  Trippe  received 
eleven  sabre  wounds,  some  of  which  are  very  severe ;  he  speaks 
in  the  highest  terms  of  Mr.  Henley,  and  those  who  followed 
him."  This  fight  took  place  on  August  3d.  In  the  Commodore's 
diary  of  September  2d,  he  says:  ".  .  .  Lieutenant  Trippe, 
having  nearly  recovered  from  his  wounds,  resumed  the  com- 
mand of  No.  6,  which  he  so  gallantly  conducted  the  3d  ultimo." 

The  legislative  assembly  of  Maryland  (by  resolution,  Nov. 
10,  1806)  gave  him  an  elegant  gold  mounted  sword,  which  is 
enriched  with  the  following  inscription : 

The  State  of  Maryland 


John  Trippe 

Navy  U.  S.  Ill  Jan.  MDCCCVII 


Grateful   Recollection 


His  Patriotism  and  bravery 





Contributed   by   Sarah   Elizabeth    Stuart. 

Harrison  Family  of  Caroline  County 
Bible  m  possession  of  Mrs.  George  W.  Smith,  Chest ertown,  Md. 


Mary  Harrison  Daughter  of  Kobert  Harrison  and  Sarah  his 
wife  was  Born  5th-  Dec.  1799 — Ann  Letittah  Harrison  Daug* 
of  Robert  Harrison  and  Sarah  his  Wife  was  Born  24th  April 
1801 — Benjamin  Harrison  Son  of  Robt  Harrison  and  Sarah 
his  Wife  was  born  lltn  Sept  1804 — Edmond  T.  Harrison 
son  of  Robt  Harrison  and  Sarah  his  wife  was  Born  26th  Feby 
1808 — Katie  K.  Harrison  was  born  21st  Day  of  March  1867 
W.  S.  E.  Harrison  was  born  March  8tn  1869  Robert  Harrison 
Son  of  Robt  Harrison  and  Esther  his  wife  was  Born  23rd 
November  1811  William  Henry  Harrison  Son  of  Robt  Harri- 
son and  Easther  his  wife  was  Born  28th  day  of  February  1814 

Mary  H.  Harrison  daughter  of  Robert  Harrison  and  Easther 
his  wife  was  Born  7(  ?)  day  of  October  1815 

Turbet  K.  Slauter  Son  of  Noah  Slauter  and  Easther  his  wife 
Born  27  June  1804 

William  Henry  Harreson  son  of  William  Henry  Harrison 
and  Margaret  Ann  his  wife  was  born  April  29  1840 

Robert  Harrison  and  Sarah  his  Wife  was  Married  22d  day 
of  Febuary  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  One  Thousand  Seven  Hunde 
and  ninety-Eight 

Rob*  Harrison  and  Esther  his  wife  was  married  3rd  January 

Wesley  Clements  and  Mary  Hester  Harrison  was  married 
April  12th  A.  D.  1836  William  Henry  Harrison  and  Margaret 
Ann  Clements  was  married  June  25  1839  Henry  B.  Slaughter 
and  Margaret  Ann  Harrison  was  Married  April  6th  1841    W. 


H.  Harrison  and  L.  A.  (Louisa)  Williamson  ware  married  June 
12th  1866 


Mary  Harrison  daughter  of  Robert  Harrison  and  Sarah  his 
Wife  Departed  this  life  17th  Nove  1800 

Aged  11  mo  &  12  days 

Sarah  Harrison  Wife  of  Robert  Harrison  Dept  this  life  2d 
Day  March  1808    Agd  27  years  &  6  Months. 

Edmond  T.  Harrison  Son  of  Robert  Harrison  &  Sarah  his 
Wife  departed  this  life  4th  March  1808    Aged  7  Days  old. 

Robert  Harrison  Departed  this  life  6  Day  of  november  1815 
Aged  41  years. 

H.  Esther  Harrison  departed  this  Life  November  the  23rd 
1831  about  nine  Oc1  P.  M.    Aged  Fifty-one  years. 

Nathan  Keirns,  son  of  Nathan  Cenr  died  3  July  1829    Aged 

Mary  Hester  Clements  wife  of  Wesley  Clements  departed 
this  life  December  21st  1836 

William  Henry  Harrison  departed  this  life  June  8  1840  age 
26  years  3  month  10  days 

William  Henry  Harrison  son  of  William  Henry  and  Mar- 
garet Ann  his  wife  died  febuary  2"  1877  age  36"  9  months  3 

Rachel  Rogester  departed  this  life  July  14th  1867 

Clements  Family  of  Caroline  County 
Bible  in  possession  of  Mrs.  George  W.  Smith,  Ghestertown,  Md. 

Joel  Clements  Son  of  James  Clements  &  Elizabeth  his  wife 
was  born  July  27th  1781 — Elizabeth  Clements  Daughter  of 
Nathan  Keirn  and  Ann  his  Wife  was  Born  Febury  24  in  the 
year  of  our  Lord  1782 


Joel  Clements  &  Margaret  Roe  was  married  Nov  7th  1802 
Mary  Clements  daughter  of  Joel  Clements  &  Margaret  his 
wife  was  born  feb  7th  1804 


Keubin  Clements  Son  of  Joel  Clements  &  Margaret  his  wife 
was  born  Oct.  24 — 1805 

James  Roe  Clements  Son  of  Joel  Clements  &  Margaret  his 
wife  was  born  March  8th  1808 

Joel  Clements  Son  of  Joel  Clements  &  Margaret  his  wife  was 
born  Au*  20th  1809 

Kittemeria  Clements  daughter  of  Joel  Clements  &  Margaret 
his  wife  was  born  april  6 — 1811 

Wesley  Clements  Son  of  Joel  Clements  &  Margaret  his  wife 
was  born  nov  19th  1813 

David  Clements  son  of  Joel  Clements  &  Margaret  his  wife 
born  October  21st  1817 

Margaret  Ann  Clements  daughter  of  Joel  Clements  and  Mar- 
garet his  wife  was  born  Sep*  20  1820 


Departed  this  life  oct  5th  1820  Margaret  Clements  wife  of 
Joel  Clements  aged  thirty  nine  years  one  month  twenty  five 

Departed  this  life  Augth  6"  1837  Keubin  Clements  Son  of 
Joel  Clements  &  Margaret  in  Florida  of  Polmonery  deseas  aged 
thirty  one  years  nine  months  &  18  days 

Departed  this  life  January  15tlr  1854  Wesley  Clements  son 
of  Joel  Clements  and  Margreat  his  Wife  aged  40  years  one 
month  and  25  days 

Departed  this  Life  octobr  28  1865  Elizabeth  Clements  Wife 
of  Joel  Clements  and  Daughter  of  Nathan  and  Ann  Kiern  aged 
Eighty  three  years  Eight  Month  and  four  days. 

Joel  Clements  Departed  this  life  December  11th  1865  age  84 
years  4  mo  15  Days 


Joel  Clements  &  Elizabeth  Keirn  was  married  June  11th 

Joshua  — Richard  Clements  Son  of  Joel  Clements  &  Eliza- 
beth his  wife  was  born  May  8th  1823 


John  Eleather  Clements  Son  of  Joel  Clements  &  Elizabeth 
his  wife  was  born  Sept  second  in  the  year  1806 

Margaret  Ann  Baggs  Daughter  of  Sylvester  Baggs  &  Ann  his 
wife  was  Born  September  26  in  the  year  1829 


Departed  this  Life  Aug*  27th  1860  Elizabeth  Jump  Widdow 
of  John  Jump  Dest  Daughter  of  James  Clements  and  Elizabeth, 
his  wife,  aged  59  years  ten  months  and  twelve  days. 

Joshua  Bichard  Clements  Departed  this  life  June  3"  1878 
age  55  years  25  days. 

Joel  Clements  departed  this  life  June  3"  1882  age  72  years 
11  months  17  days 

James  Boe  Clements  departed  this  life  September  1893 

Mary  Clements  departed  this  life  December  29th  1893 

Departed  this  life  Eeb  10th  1903  Margaret  Ann  Slaughter, 
wife  of  Henry  B.  Slaughter  and  daughter  of  Joel  &  Margaret 

A  True  and  perfect  account  of  the  marage  of  James  Clements 
&  Elizabeth  his  wife  and  the  Children's  ages,  James  Clements 
&  Elizabeth  Baggs  his  wife  was  married  18th  day  of  October 
1778  our  daughter  Martha  was  born  Augh  7th  1779  our  Son 
Joel  was  born  July  27th  1781  our  Son  Bichard  was  born  march 
18th  1783  our  Son  John  was  born  march  30th  1785  our  Son 
James  was  born  Jany  31st  1787  our  Son  Thomas  was  born 
October  23rd  1788  our  Son  Isaac  was  born  October  31  1790  our 
Son  Caleb  was  born  June  29th  1792  &  our  Son  Joshua  was  born 
August  6th  1795  our  daughter  Mary  was  born  Sept  19th  1797 
our  daughter  Elizabeth  was  born  October  15th  1801 

True  Transcript  of  the  original 
Joel  Clements 
Febeury  1st  1848 

Beuben  Clements  red  the  old  Testament  through  in  one  day 
less  than  three  weaks  and  examined  Clark's  notes  on  the  most 
important  Texes  and  red  but  little  after  sun  down  also  Bed  the 
new  Testament  through  in  one  weak  commencing  in  January 


and  finishing  the  twelfth  day  of  February  1836  it  the  winter 
that  one  so  much  indesposed  writen  by  Reuben  Clements 

Reuben  Clements 

Notes  on  Stewarts  of  Kent  County 

Edward  Stewart  (or  Stuart)  came  to  America  from  Scotland 
and  lived  near  Millington,  Kent  County,  Maryland. 

He  was  born  before  1763  and  died  after  1792.  In  1784, 
Sept.  9,  he  leased  a  parcel  of  land  called  Partnership,  for  a  term 
of  seven  years.    This  was  near  Millington,  Md. 

July  17,  1776  he  enlisted  in  the  Revolutionary  War,  under 
Capt.  Isaac  Perkins.  (See  Archives  of  Md.  Vol,  18,  p.  63.) 
Later,  under  acts  of  1780  and  1781  he  was  drafted  from  Kent 
County.     (War  Department  record.) 

He  married  Sarah  Evans,  daughter  of  Jonathan  Evans,  of 
Queen  Anne's  County,  and  had  four  sons:  1st,  William,  wife 
unknown ;  sons  were  Edward  and  William  Alexander ;  2nd  son, 

Henry,  who  married  Buchanan  and  their  children  were 

Henry  Jr.,  and  Rachel  and  Sarah  Ann.  Of  these  two  lines 
there  appear  to  be  no  living  descendants.  3rd  son,  Edward  Jr., 
born  Mar  14,  1790,  died  Oct.  20,  1854.  He  lived  in  Easton, 
Md.,  and  is  buried  there.  It  is  said  that  Edward  Jr.  married 
three  times,  the  1st  and  second  wives  were  sisters,  named  Davids, 
the  third  Morrison.  By  the  1st  wife  there  was  one  child,  Ellen, 
who  married  Jas.  Wooters  of  Centreville,  Md.,  and  by  the  2nd 
wife  a  daughter  Sadie,  who  married  Rev.  Wm.  H.  D.  Harper,  a 
Southern  Methodist  minister  who  died  Jan  23,  1917.  Mrs. 
Harper  was  living  in  1914  in  Roanoke,  Va.,  528  Church  ave. 

4th  son  of  Edward  and  Sarah  Stewart  was  John  Evans 
Stuart,  born  1793,  died  Jan  1st,  1846.  Dec.  3,  1815  he  married 
Elizabeth  Rochester  who  was  born  1796,  died  1857.  Their 
children  were, 

I     b.  1816    John  Evans  Stuart,  Jr.  d.  1859.     Married  1st 
wife  1844.     Susan  Brown,  b.  d.  1858. 

2nd  wife  Emily  D.  Wright  d— 


II     b.  1819    Francis  Thomas,  d.  1845  m.  1844  Sarah  Ham- 

Ill     b.  1823    Mary  Elizabeth,  d.  1900.    Married  Sam'l  Black- 

IV     b.  1828    Wm.     Henry     d.  Married     Josephine 

Newnam  and  they  went  to  Terre  Haute,  Ind. 
V     b.  1831    Horace  Montgomery  Stuart,  d.  1899.     Married 
Martha  Ellen  Walraven  in  1867. 

VI     b.  1833    George  Washington  Stuart,  d.  1875. 
VII     b.  1836    Martha  Ann,   d.   1899.     Married  Thos.  Price 
in  1864. 

Of  the  descendants  of  Edward  Stewart  there  is  no  one  of  the 
name  living  east  of  Ind.  except  Frances  Ellen  &  Sarah  Elisa- 
beth Stuart,  daughters  of  Horace  Montgomery  &  Ellen  Wal- 
raven Stuart.  There  are,  however,  a  number  of  sons  and  their 
children,  (children  and  grandchildren,  etc.)  of  Wm.  Henry 
Stuart,  and  his  wife  Josephine  JSTewnam.  They  (Wm.  Henry  & 
Josephine)  had  a  large  family  and  they  are  scattered  from  Terre 
Haute  to  China. 

In  my  father's  young  manhood  the  males  of  the  family  all 
changed  the  spelling  of  their  names  from  Stewart  to  Stuart, 
because  one  member  of  the  family  claimed  connection  with  the 
Royal  Family  of  Scotland.  The  proof  of  this  has  been  lost,  but 
they  must  have  had  some  good  reason  for  the  stand  they  took, 
to  have  made  the  change  at  all,  as  they  were  very  plain  and 
unassuming  people.  The  women  of  the  family  refused  to  make 
the  change,  so  in  the  cemetery  and  in  the  Bible  record,  both 
ways  are  found,  side  by  side.  Mrs.  Harper,  of  Roanoke,  Va., 
tells  me,  under  date  of  Sept.  1,  1914,  that  she  remembers  the 
family  tree  and  the  old  Bible,  having  seen  it  in  her  childhood, 
but  no  records  can  now  be  found,  except  the  Bible  of  my  grand- 
father's,— John  Evans  Stuart. 

Sarah  Elisabeth  Stuart. 
Apr.  5,  1917. 



Meeting  of  October  8,  1917. — The  regular  meeting  of  the 
Society  for  the  month  of  October  was  held  at  the  home  of  the 
Society,  with  President  Warfield  in  the  chair. 

After  reading  the  lists  of  donations  to  the  library  and  cabinet, 
the  following  resolution,  offered  by  Mr.  Spencer,  was  adopted: 

"  'Resolved,  That  the  thanks  of  this  Society  be  given  to  Mrs. 
George  C.  Jenkins  for  her  generous  act  in  having  restored  the 
Darnall  portraits,  which  were  in  a  very  bad  condition." 

Dr.  Bernard  C.  Steiner  reported  for  the  Committee  on  Publi- 
cations and  exhibited  Volume  37  of  the  Maryland  Archives  and 
made  a  few  remarks  thereon. 

The  Necrology  was  then  read  as  follows : 

On  May  20,  1917,  Mr.  Charles  W.  Field  died  at  Union  Prot- 
estant Infirmary,  aged  59  years.  He  was  elected  a  member  of 
this  Society  March  10,  1902. 

On  June  1,  1917,  Mr.  John  H.  Wight  died  at  his  home  at 
Wildwood,  Garrison  Forest,  Baltimore  County,  Maryland,  aged 
68  years.    He  was  elected  a  member  December  14,  1914. 

On  June  20,  1917,  Mr.  William  B.  Hurst  died  at  Johns  Hop- 
kins Hospital,  aged  58  years.  He  was  elected  a  member  Jan- 
uary 10,  1916. 

On  July  7,  1917,  Bev.  Dr.  S.  B.  Treadway  died  at  his  home, 
3034  Guilford  avenue,  aged  71  years.  He  was  elected  a  mem- 
ber April  11,  1892. 

On  July  7,  1917,  Mr.  William  H.  Grafflin  died  at  the  Cutty- 
hunk  Club,  on  Cuttyhunk  Island,  off  the  Coast  of  Massachu- 
setts, aged  69  years.    He  was  elected  a  member  March  14,  1892. 

On  August  5,  1917,  Mr.  Philemon  H.  Tuck  died  at  Buena 
Vista,  Calvert  County,  Maryland,  aged  63  years.  He  was 
elected  a  member  November  9,  1914. 


On  September  26,  1917,  Mr.  J.  V.  McNeal  died  at  his  resi- 
dence, 729  Calvert  street.  He  was  elected  a  member  May  11, 

Under  the  head  of  Miscellaneous  Business,  the  President 
stated  that  the  Society  was  compelled  to  borrow  some  money  in 
order  to  meet  current  expenses,  but  not  as  much  as  in  previous 

The  following  resolution  was  then  adopted : 

''  Resolved,  That  the  Maryland  Historical  Society  be  and  it 
is  authorized  to  borrow  not  exceeding  One  Thousand  Dollars 
($1,000)  to  meet  the  current  expenses  of  said  Society  for  the 
balance  of  the  year  1917,  and  that  the  President  or  a  Vice- 
President  and  its  Treasurer  is  hereby  authorized  to  execute  a 
promissory  note  for  said  amount." 

Mr.  Harris  then  read  two  letters  bearing  on  the  subject  of 
the  Tax  Lists  at  the  Custom  House.  The  hour  for  the  reading 
of  the  paper  having  arrived,  his  remarks  on  the  subject  were 
deferred  until  after  the  reading  of  said  article. 

A  paper  was  read  by  Mr.  John  E.  Semmes,  Sr.,  entitled 
"  John  H.  B.  Latrobe  and  Some  of  His  Contemporaries." 

Mr.  Semmes  read  from  the  advance  sheets  of  his  Life  of 
Latrobe,  which  will  soon  come  from  the  press. 

Mr.  Trippe  made  a  few  remarks  of  appreciation  and  moved 
that  a  vote  of  thanks  be  given  Mr.  Semmes  for  his  interesting 
biography  of  the  man  who  had  taken  such  an  active  interest  in 
the  affairs  of  our  Society. 

Mr.  Harris  then  took  the  floor  and  spoke  as  follows : 

"  The  documents  referred  to  in  the  letters  that  were  read  are 
stored  in  the  Custom  House  and  are  in  the  keeping  of  the  Col- 
lector of  Customs.  They  consist  of  tax  lists  and  list  of  carriages 
in  the  State,  about  100  documents.  It  was  claimed  that  the 
documents  were  the  property  of  the  Government  of  the  United 
States.  The  Society  had  hoped  that  Major  Benny,  who  was  in 
Congress  at  that  time,  would  introduce  a  bill  to  obtain  them,  but 


the  bill  was  not  introduced.  Mr.  Trippe  thought  the  Society- 
should  make  a  direct  request  to  Congress  for  the  surrender  of 
these  papers  and  documents,  and  suggested  that  Mr.  Hayden 
be  appointed  for  this  purpose. 

The  following  resolution  was  adopted: 

"  Resolved,  That  the  Chairman  of  the  Committee  on  Gene- 
alogy and  Heraldry  (Mr.  William  M.  Hayden)  be  and  he  is 
hereby  authorized  and  empowered  on  behalf  of  this  Society,  to 
take  such  steps  as  he  shall  deem  judicious  to  secure  certain 
books  and  lists  of  returns  of  taxables,  agreement  for  out-fitting 
Conqueror  for  privateering,  &c,  which  are  reported  to  be  in 
the  possession  of  the  United  States  Government  and  which  this 
Society  has  been  advised  may  be  obtained  by  it." 

The  Society  then  adjourned. 


John  H.  B.  Latrobe  and  His  Times,  1803-1891,  by  John  E. 
Semmes.  Norman,  Eemington  Co.,  Baltimore,  1917. 
Pp.  601. 

No  biography  hitherto  published  in  this  State  can  rival  in 
interest  that  of  the  versatile  former  President  of  the  Maryland 
Historical  Society,  just  received  from  the  press.  Our  fellow 
member,  Mr.  John  E.  Semmes,  is  to  be  congratulated  on  the 
success  of  his  labor  of  love,  although  he  had  a  most  unusual 
subject  to  work  upon  and  was  aided  by  many  autobiographical 
notes.  Probably  no  other  Marylander  had  such  an  interesting 
career  in  the  most  progressive  period  of  our  country's  mar- 
vellous development,  save  perhaps  Mr.  Latrobe's  friend  and 
contemporary,  John  Pendleton  Kennedy,  who  passed  away  in 
1870,  and  who  was  not  so  happy  in  his  biographer. 

As  the  book  has  been  competently  reviewed  in  the  daily  jour- 
nals, it  is  only  necessary  to  say  here  that  it  is  a  work  that  every 
member  of  this  Society  should  own,  and  one  wherein  the  pub- 
lishers have  made  the  setting  worthy  of  the  subject. 


The  Early  Life  of  Professor  Elliott,  by  George  C.  Keidel, 
Ph.D.  Washington,  D.  C,  1917.  Privately  printed. 
Pp.  10. 

This  brochure  was  read  by  Dr.  Keidel  before  the  Eomance 
Club  of  the  Johns  Hopkins  University  on  October  12,  1916, 
and  covers  the  years  of  Dr.  A.  Marshall  Elliott's  life,  prior  to 
his  connection  with  the  University,  where  he  was  the  Professor 
of  Eomance  from  1876-1910.  It  is  in  no  sense  a  formal  bio- 
graphy, but,  as  its  title  indicates,  is  a  sketch  of  the  adolescence 
of  a  great  scholar. 


The  American  Library  Association  has  organized  for  auxil- 
iary war  work  by  providing  fully  equipped  libraries  for  the 
thirty-two  cantonments  distributed  throughout  the  United 
States,  and  has  raised  nearly  two  million  dollars  to  carry  on 
the  work.  More  than  ten  thousand  dollars  has  been  contributed 
locally;  but  as  the  cost  of  carrying  on  the  work  behind  the 
trenches  "  Over  There  "  will  be  very  great,  the  money  in  hand 
is  being  expended  most  conservatively,  so  that  the  greater  part 
of  the  fund  may  be  spent  where  it  is  most  needed.  To  this  end 
we  are  asking  for  contributions  of  books  and  magazines  for  the 
use  of  the  home  cantonments,  where  they  will  be  circulated 
through  every  available  medium,  such  as  the  Y.  M.  C.  A.,  the 
K.  of  C,  the  Y.  M.  H.  A.,  and  the  Post  Exchanges. 

Our  readers  are  earnestly  requested  to  send  all  spare  reading 
matter  to  the  State  Headquarters,  at  the  Peabody  Institute, 
where  it  will  be  made  ready  for  distribution  to  our  boys. 
Do  It  Now  ! 


The  Index  will  be  issued 
with  the  March  Number